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  • Ligament stabilization improved clinical and radiographic outcomes for individuals with chronic ankle instability and medial ankle osteoarthritis
    Knee Surg. Sports Traumatol. Arthrosc. (IF 3.149) Pub Date : 2020-01-23
    Sung-Wook Kim, Hong-Geun Jung, Jong-Soo Lee

    Abstract Purpose Chronic ankle instability with a long symptom duration is often accompanied by medial compartment ankle osteoarthritis (OA). However, the outcomes of individuals after ligament stabilization have rarely been reported. The radiographic and clinical outcomes after ligament stabilization in individuals with chronic ankle instability and medial compartment OA were investigated. Methods The study investigated 27 ankles with chronic ankle instability and medial compartment OA that underwent lateral ankle ligament reconstruction from 2007 to 2015 with a follow-up period of at least 1 year. Ligament stabilization was performed via either the modified Broström procedure (MBP) or lateral ankle reconstruction (LAR) using semitendinosus tendon allografts. Results The median instability duration was 60 (range 12–480) months, and the median follow-up period was 39 (range 12–108) months. The preoperative Takakura ankle OA stage was predominantly stage I (20 patients (74.1%)), followed by stage II (five patients (18.5%)). Ankle MRI (20 ankles) revealed medial cartilage denudation in three cases (15%), cartilage thinning in nine cases (45%), osteophyte formation in ten cases (50%), and loose body formation in six cases (30%). According to the arthroscopic results, the modified Outerbridge grade was two in nine cases and four in ten cases, so these grades were the most common (37.5% and 41.7%, respectively). The MBP was performed in 14 patients, and LAR was performed in 13 patients (52% and 48%, respectively); the bone marrow stimulation procedure was performed in 15 patients (55%). The visual analogue scale score decreased from 6.0 (SD 1.6) preoperatively to 1.8 (SD 1.6) postoperatively (p = 0.000). The American Orthopaedic Foot and Ankle Society (AOFAS) ankle-hindfoot score improved from 61.9 (SD 14.2) to 89.7 (SD 6.2), and the Karlsson–Peterson score improved from 54.7 (SD 13.9) to 88.3 (SD 9.0) (p = 0.000). There were no serious complications, and all patients were satisfied. Conclusions Ligament stabilization with arthroscopic procedures for individuals with chronic ankle instability and medial ankle OA yielded significant functional outcomes with high patient satisfaction, even without radiographic improvement. Level of evidence IV.

    更新日期:2020-01-23
  • Anterior-stabilized TKA is inferior to posterior-stabilized TKA in terms of postoperative posterior stability and knee flexion in osteoarthritic knees: a prospective randomized controlled trial with bilateral TKA
    Knee Surg. Sports Traumatol. Arthrosc. (IF 3.149) Pub Date : 2020-01-22
    Hyuk-Soo Han, Seung-Baik Kang

    Abstract Purpose To determine whether knee stability, range of motion (ROM) and clinical scores differ between anterior-stabilized (AS) and posterior-stabilized (PS) total knee arthroplasty (TKA). Methods This prospective randomized controlled trial included 34 patients with severe bilateral knee osteoarthritis who underwent bilateral TKA between June 2010 and July 2011 using AS and PS designs of a single-implant system. AS TKA with ultracongruent inserts was performed in one knee and PS TKA with a cam-post mechanism was performed in the other knee in each patient. Clinical and radiological data from a mean follow-up period of 5 years, including ROM, clinical scores, peak knee torque determined by isokinetic test, knee joint laxity determined by Telos stress views, tourniquet time and subjects’ preference were analyzed. Results The mean postoperative knee flexion angle did not differ between groups until 1 year. Beginning 2 years postoperatively, the knee flexion angle decreased slightly in the AS group and was smaller than that in the PS group (p = 0.004). The mean Knee Society knee score was higher in the PS group than in the AS group after 2 years. The quadriceps strength did not differ between groups. The mean posterior laxity after TKA was 6–8 mm greater in the AS group than in the PS group. No radiological loosening was observed in either group. More subjects preferred PS knees to AS knees. However, this difference was not significant. Conclusion AS primary TKA was inferior to PS TKA in terms of posterior knee stability, postoperative knee flexion and clinical scores after 2 years. Level of evidence Therapeutic study, Level 1.

    更新日期:2020-01-23
  • Increased survival rate for primary TKA with tibial short extension stems for severe varus deformities at a minimum of 2 years follow-up
    Knee Surg. Sports Traumatol. Arthrosc. (IF 3.149) Pub Date : 2020-01-21
    Gaspard Fournier, Bart Muller, Romain Gaillard, Cécile Batailler, Sébastien Lustig, Elvire Servien

    Abstract Purpose The purpose of this study was to compare the clinical results, radiographic loosening and early complications between patients undergoing primary knee arthroplasty (TKA) with tibial short stem extension and those with standard stem for gross varus deformities at minimum two years after surgery. Methods From a prospective TKA database of 4216 patients, patients with a primary TKA with a tibial short stem extension (30 mm) for severe varus deformity (hip-kneeankle angle, HKA < 170°) and a minimum follow-up of 2 years, were reviewed and compared to a matched control group with tibial components with a standard stem, in a 1:3 ratio. Demographics, surgical parameters, pre- and postoperative alignment and outcome parameters were collected for all patients. The primary outcome was aseptic loosening of the tibial component. Secondary outcomes were knee society scores (KSS), postoperative HKA, general postoperative complications and implant survival rates. Results Forty-five patients with tibial short stem extensions (mean HKA 166.2°) were compared in a 1:3 ratio to a matched case–control group of 135 patients with standard stems (mean HKA 167.1°) at a mean follow-up of 57 and 64 months respectively after primary TKA. In the extension stem group, 4 patients encountered complications (8.9%) versus 12 patients in the standard stem group (8.9%). There were no cases of tibial component loosening in the short extension stem versus four cases in the standard stem group (3%). This difference was significant between groups, p = 0.04. Conclusion In patients with varus deformities > 10°, undergoing primary total knee arthroplasty, prophylactic use of a tibial short extension stem may lead to less loosening of the tibial component. In this study, 3% of patient with big varus deformity without stemmed TKA had a tibial implant loosening versus 0% in the stemmed TKA group. Level of evidence Level III, case–control study

    更新日期:2020-01-22
  • Varus alignment of the proximal tibia is associated with structural progression in early to moderate varus osteoarthritis of the knee
    Knee Surg. Sports Traumatol. Arthrosc. (IF 3.149) Pub Date : 2020-01-21
    Jonathan S. Palmer, Luke D. Jones, A. Paul Monk, Michael Nevitt, John Lynch, David J. Beard, M. K. Javaid, Andrew J. Price

    Abstract Purpose Lower limb malalignment is a strong predictor of progression in knee osteoarthritis. The purpose of this study is to identify the individual alignment variables that predict progression in early to moderate osteoarthritis of the knee. Method A longitudinal cohort study using data from the Osteoarthritis Initiative. In total, 955 individuals (1329 knees) with early to moderate osteoarthritis (Kellgren-Lawrence grade 1, 2 or 3) were identified. All subjects had full-limb radiographs analysed using the Osteotomy module within Medicad® Classic (Hectec GMBH) to give a series of individual alignment variables relevant to the coronal alignment of the lower limb. Logistic regression models, with generalised estimating equations were used to identify which of these individual alignment variables predict symptom worsening (WOMAC score > 9 points) and or structural progression (joint space narrowing progression in the medial compartment > 0.7mm) over 24 months. Results Individual alignment variable were associated with both valgus and varus alignment (mechanical Lateral Distal Femoral Angle, Medial Proximal Tibial Angle and mechanical Lateral Distal Tibial Angle). Only the Medial Proximal Tibial Angle was significantly associated with structural progression and none of the variables was associated with symptom progression. The odds of joint space narrowing progression in the medial compartment occurring at 24 months increased by 21% for every one degree decrease (more varus) in Medial Proximal Tibial Angle (p < 0.001) Conclusions Our results suggest that the risk of structural progression in the medial compartment is associated with greater varus alignment of the proximal tibia. Level of evidence Level III, retrospective cohort study.

    更新日期:2020-01-22
  • Multi-radius posterior-stabilized mobile-bearing total knee arthroplasty partially produces in-vivo medial pivot during activity of daily living and high demanding motor task
    Knee Surg. Sports Traumatol. Arthrosc. (IF 3.149) Pub Date : 2020-01-18
    Giulio Maria Marcheggiani Muccioli, Nicola Pizza, Stefano Di Paolo, Raffaele Zinno, Domenico Alesi, Tommaso Roberti Di Sarsina, Marco Bontempi, Stefano Zaffagnini, Laura Bragonzoni

    Abstract Purpose The purpose of the present study was to assess the kinematical behavior of a multi-radius posterior-stabilized (PS) mobile-bearing (MB) total knee arthroplasty (TKA) during an activity of daily living (Sit-To-Stand—STS) and a high demanding motor task (Deep-Knee-Lunge—DKL) using model-based dynamic RSA. We hypothesized the achievement of medial pivoting movement in both motor tasks due to the congruent geometry of the inlay with the femoral component, which should allow good stability of the medial compartment, and to the high magnitude of rotations guaranteed by the MB on the tibial side. Methods Twenty-two randomly selected patients were recruited and prospectively evaluated. The PS MB cemented TKA was implanted with the standard technique (medial parapatellar approach, adjusted mechanical alignment). At minimum 9-month follow-up, patients were examined with model based Dynamic RSA developed in our Institute (BI-STAND DRX 2) during the execution of two motor tasks: STS and DKL. The motion parameters were evaluated using the Grood and Suntay decomposition and the low-point kinematics methods. Results In the extension phase of DKL femur performed a greater antero posterior translation of 3.8 mm compared to STS between 0° and 20° of knee flexion (p < 0.05). Low-point analysis showed a medial pivoting movement in both motor tasks: in 62% of patients during STS and 48% during DKL. Varus-valgus rotations were lower than 1° during all the range-of-motion in both motor tasks without differences. Conclusions Medial pivot was partially produced by this multi-radius PS MB TKA with some differences during activity of daily living (STS) and high demanding motor task (DKL). Level of evidence IV.

    更新日期:2020-01-21
  • The arthroscopic syndesmotic assessment tool can differentiate between stable and unstable ankle syndesmoses.
    Knee Surg. Sports Traumatol. Arthrosc. (IF 3.149) Pub Date : 2018-10-28
    Bart Lubberts,Daniel Guss,Bryan G Vopat,Anne H Johnson,C Niek van Dijk,Hang Lee,Christopher W DiGiovanni

    PURPOSE Patients with stable isolated injuries of the ankle syndesmosis can be treated conservatively, while unstable injuries require surgical stabilisation. Although evaluating syndesmotic injuries using ankle arthroscopy is becoming more popular, differentiating between stable and unstable syndesmoses remains a topic of on-going debate in the current literature. The purpose of this study was to quantify the degree of displacement of the ankle syndesmosis using arthroscopic measurements. The hypothesis was that ankle arthroscopy by measuring multiplanar fibular motion can determine syndesmotic instability. METHODS Arthroscopic assessment of the ankle syndesmosis was performed on 22 fresh above knee cadaveric specimens, first with all syndesmotic and ankle ligaments intact and subsequently with sequential sectioning of the anterior inferior tibiofibular ligament, the interosseous ligament, the posterior inferior tibiofibular ligament, and deltoid ligaments. In all scenarios, four loading conditions were considered under 100N of direct force: (1) unstressed, (2) a lateral hook test, (3) anterior to posterior (AP) translation test, and (4) posterior to anterior (PA) translation test. Anterior and posterior coronal plane tibiofibular translation, as well as AP and PA sagittal plane translation, were arthroscopically measured. RESULTS As additional ligaments of the syndesmosis were transected, all arthroscopic multiplanar translation measurements increased (p values ranging from p < 0.001 to p = 0.007). The following equation of multiplanar fibular motion relative to the tibia measured in millimeters: 0.76*AP sagittal translation + 0.82*PA sagittal translation + 1.17*anterior third coronal plane translation-0.20*posterior third coronal plane translation, referred to as the Arthroscopic Syndesmotic Assessment tool, was generated from our data. According to our results, an Arthroscopic Syndesmotic Assessment value equal or greater than 3.1 mm indicated an unstable syndesmosis. CONCLUSIONS This tool provides a more reliable opportunity in determining the presence of syndesmotic instability and can help providers decide whether syndesmosis injuries should be treated conservatively or operatively stabilized. The long-term usefulness of the tool will rest on whether an unstable syndesmosis correlates with acute or chronic clinical symptoms.

    更新日期:2020-01-21
  • Endoscopic anatomic ligament reconstruction is a reliable option to treat chronic lateral ankle instability.
    Knee Surg. Sports Traumatol. Arthrosc. (IF 3.149) Pub Date : null
    Guillaume Cordier,Jordan Ovigue,Miki Dalmau-Pastor,Frederick Michels

    PURPOSE Anatomic reconstruction of the anterior talofibular ligament and calcaneofibular ligament is a valid treatment of chronic hindfoot instability. The purpose of this study was to investigate the outcomes of this procedure performed by an all-inside endoscopic technique. METHODS This study is a retrospective evaluation of a prospective database. Subjects were all patients who underwent an endoscopic lateral ligament reconstruction between 2013 and 2016. All patients had symptoms of ankle instability with positive manual stress testing and failed nonoperative treatment during at least 6 months. At final follow-up the outcome was assessed using the visual analogue score (VAS), American Orthopaedic Foot and Ankle Society (AOFAS) score and Karlsson-Peterson scores. RESULTS After an average follow-up of 31.5 ± 6.9 months, all patients reported significant improvement compared to their preoperative status. The preoperative AOFAS score improved from 76.4 ± 15 to 94.7 ± 11.7 postoperatively (p = 0.0001). The preoperative Karlsson-Peterson score increased from 73.0 ± 16.0 to 93.7 ± 10.6 postoperatively (p = 0.0001). The VAS score improved from 1.9 ± 2.5 to 0.8 ± 1.7 (p < 0.001). Two patients had complaints of recurrent instability. CONCLUSION Endoscopic ligament reconstruction for chronic lateral ankle instability is a safe procedure and produces good clinical results with minimal complications. In addition, the endoscopic approach allows an assessment of the ankle joint and treatment of associated intra-articular lesions. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE II.

    更新日期:2020-01-21
  • Simultaneous ossicle resection and lateral ligament repair give excellent clinical results with an early return to physical activity in pediatric and adolescent patients with chronic lateral ankle instability and os subfibulare.
    Knee Surg. Sports Traumatol. Arthrosc. (IF 3.149) Pub Date : null
    Maya Kubo,Youichi Yasui,Jun Sasahara,Shinya Miki,Hirotaka Kawano,Wataru Miyamoto

    PURPOSE To elucidate surgical outcomes in pediatric/adolescent patients with chronic lateral ankle instability and os subfibulare. METHODS A retrospective chart review was conducted of pediatric/adolescent patients with chronic lateral ankle instability and os subfibulare following simultaneous ossicle resection and lateral ligament repair using suture anchors with subsequent immediate full weightbearing and active range of motion exercises for the ankle in our department between 2013 and 2017. Clinical outcomes were evaluated by comparing preoperative and final follow-up American Orthopaedic Foot and Ankle Society Ankle-Hindfoot Scale (AOFAS) and Karlsson-Peterson ankle function scores. Intervals between surgery and return to physical education in school were determined. RESULTS 31 feet of 15 male and 16 female patients were examined. Mean postoperative follow-up duration was 40.7 ± 12.7 (range 24-66) months. Mean AOFAS score increased significantly from 66.3 ± 2.5 (range 62-77) preoperatively to 96.5 ± 4.9 (range 87-100) at final follow-up (p < 0.001). Mean Karlsson-Peterson score increased significantly from 51.7 ± 4.0 (range 47-70) preoperatively to 95.3 ± 6.7 (range 80-100) at final follow-up (p < 0.001). Mean interval between surgery and return to physical education in school was 11.4 ± 1.6 (range 10-18) weeks. CONCLUSION Simultaneous ossicle resection and lateral ligament repair using suture anchors with subsequent immediate full weightbearing and active ankle range of motion exercises may give excellent clinical outcomes with early return to physical activity for chronic lateral ankle instability with os subfibulare in pediatric/adolescent patients desiring an early return to physical activity. Level of evidence III.

    更新日期:2020-01-21
  • A step-by-step arthroscopic examination of the anterior ankle compartment.
    Knee Surg. Sports Traumatol. Arthrosc. (IF 3.149) Pub Date : null
    J Vega,F Malagelada,J Karlsson,G M Kerkhoffs,M Guelfi,M Dalmau-Pastor

    PURPOSE Despite the increased use of ankle dorsiflexion without distraction, no reports have specifically addressed the arthroscopic anatomy of the ankle in this position. The purpose of this study was to describe the normal arthroscopic anatomy of the ankle joint, when using the ankle dorsiflexion and the dynamic distraction technique, and to propose an arthroscopic examination system for the anterior ankle compartment. METHODS Ankle arthroscopy was performed in 20 fresh frozen specimens. Arthroscopic examination was performed with the arthroscope introduced through the anteromedial portal. The anterior compartment was examined in ankle dorsiflexion without distraction. The compartment was examined in four steps: (1) lateral area including the lateral gutter; (2) the central area of the anterior tibial rim; (3) the medial area including the medial gutter; (4) the talar neck. Next, distraction was applied to visualise the anterior compartment again and to examine the central and posterior ankle compartments. RESULTS Anatomic intra-articular structures were visualised in all specimens. Four intra-articular fat pads, one anteromedial, two syndesmotic and another posteromedial, were constantly observed. A description of the normal arthroscopic anatomy of the ankle using the ankle dorsiflexion and the dynamic distraction technique is detailed for the anterior, central and posterior compartments. CONCLUSION The ankle arthroscopic procedure without distraction allows constant visualisation of the ATFL's superior fascicle on the floor of the lateral gutter, the ATiFL's distal fascicle laterally and the most anterior margin of the deltoid ligament in the medial gutter (anterior tibiotalar ligament). However, ankle distraction is required to observe the central and posterior compartments, but it does not provide optimal visualisation of the anterior ankle compartment structures. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE V.

    更新日期:2020-01-21
  • Arthroscopic all-inside anterior talo-fibular ligament repair with suture augmentation gives excellent results in case of poor ligament tissue remnant quality.
    Knee Surg. Sports Traumatol. Arthrosc. (IF 3.149) Pub Date : 2018-08-22
    Jordi Vega,Erik Montesinos,Francesc Malagelada,Albert Baduell,Matteo Guelfi,Miki Dalmau-Pastor

    PURPOSE An increasing role of arthroscopy as the definitive treatment for ankle instability has been reported, and assisted or all-arthroscopic techniques have been developed. However, treatment of chronic ankle instability with poor remnant ligament-tissue quality is still challenging. The aim of this study was to describe the technique and report the results of the arthroscopic ATFL all-inside repair with suture augmentation to treat patients with poor remnant ligament-tissue quality. METHODS Fifteen patients [9 men and 6 women, median age 30 (19-47) years] with chronic ankle instability and poor remnant ligament-tissue quality were treated by arthroscopic means after failing non-operative management. Median follow-up was 18 (12-23) months. Through an arthroscopic all-inside technique, and using a suture passer and two knotless anchors, the ligament was repaired. Then, the anchor's residual suture limbs were not cut, but were recycled and used for augmentation of the ligament repair. RESULTS Arthroscopic examination demonstrated an isolated anterior talofibular ligament (ATFL) injury with poor remnant ligament tissue in the 15 patients. All patients reported subjective improvement in their ankle instability after the arthroscopic all-inside ligaments repair and suture augmentation. The median AOFAS score increased from 66 (44-87) preoperatively to 100 (85-100) at the final follow-up. CONCLUSION Chronic ankle instability with poor remnant ligament-tissue quality can be successfully treated by an arthroscopic all-inside repair and suture augmentation of the ligament. The clinical relevance of the study is the description of the first arthroscopic all-inside anatomic ATFL repair with suture augmentation that offers the benefit of maintaining the native ligament while reinforcing the repair, especially in patients with poor remnant ligament-tissue quality. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE IV, retrospective case series.

    更新日期:2020-01-21
  • The CFL fails before the ATFL immediately after combined ligament repair in a biomechanical cadaveric model.
    Knee Surg. Sports Traumatol. Arthrosc. (IF 3.149) Pub Date : null
    Pieter D'Hooghe,Helder Pereira,Judas Kelley,Nicholas Anderson,Richard Fuld,Pam Kumparatana,Todd Baldini,Kenneth J Hunt

    PURPOSE To assess the impact on ankle stability after repairing the ATFL alone compared to repairing both the ATFL and CFL in a biomechanical cadaver model. METHODS Ten matched pairs of intact, fresh frozen human cadaver ankles (normal) were mounted to a test machine in 20.0° plantar flexion and 15.0° of internal rotation. Each ankle was loaded to body weight and then tested from 0.0° to 20.0° of inversion. The data recorded were torque at 20.0° and stiffness, peak pressure and contact area in the ankle joint using a Tekscan sensor, rotation of the talus and calcaneus, and translation of the calcaneus using a three-dimensional motion capture system. Ankles then underwent sectioning of the ATFL and CFL (injured), retested, then randomly assigned to ATFL-only Broström repair or combined ATFL and CFL repair. Testing was repeated after repair then loaded in inversion to failure (LTF). RESULTS The stiffness of the ankle was not significantly increased compared to the injured condition by repairing the ATFL only (n.s.) or the ATFL/CFL (n.s.). The calcaneus had significantly more rotation than the injured condition in the ATFL-only repair (p = 0.037) but not in the ATFL/CFL repair (n.s.). The ATFL failed at 40.3% higher torque than the CFL, at 17.4 ± 7.0 N m and 12.4 ± 4.1 N m, respectively, and 62.0% more rotation, at 43.9 ± 5.6° and 27.1 ± 6.8°, respectively. CONCLUSIONS There was a greater increase in stiffness following combined ATFL/CFL repair compared to ATFL-only repair, although this did not reach statistical significance. The CFL fails before the ATFL, potentially indicating its vulnerability immediately following repair. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE III, case-control therapeutic study.

    更新日期:2020-01-21
  • Decreased perceived ankle and knee joint health in individuals with perceived chronic ankle instability.
    Knee Surg. Sports Traumatol. Arthrosc. (IF 3.149) Pub Date : 2018-09-30
    Kyle B Kosik,Masafumi Terada,Ryan McCann,Abbey Thomas,Nathan Johnson,Phillip Gribble

    PURPOSE Abnormal movement patterns and neuromuscular impairments at the ankle are thought to contribute to ankle joint degeneration in those with chronic ankle instability. However, these impairments are not confided to the ankle; rather, proximal neuromuscular deficiencies at the knee and aberrant movement patterns, thought to be responsible for reductions in knee joint health, have also been identified. While neuromuscular impairments and self-reported functional limitations have been examined in those with chronic ankle instability, patient-generated symptoms associated with joint health of the ankle and knee have not been investigated. Therefore, the purpose was to compare perceived ankle and knee joint health in individuals with and without chronic ankle instability. METHODS The Ankle Osteoarthritis Scale and the Knee Injury and Osteoarthritis Outcome Score assessed region-specific ankle and knee joint health. RESULTS Participants with chronic ankle instability reported more ankle pain (P < 0.001) and disability (P < 0.001) than the control group. Chronic ankle instability individuals also reported worse knee joint health (P < 0.05). CONCLUSIONS The increased symptomology associated with decreased ankle joint health further supports information demonstrating joint degeneration in young adults with chronic ankle instability. The decreased perceived knee joint health provides preliminary evidence of the negative impact proximal neuromuscular impairments associated with chronic ankle instability that may have on joints other than the ankle. Assessing subjective ankle and knee joint function can guide clinicians in developing individualized rehabilitation by providing them with an understanding if a patient presenting with chronic ankle instability suffers from symptoms arising from more than just the ankle. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE Case-control, Level III.

    更新日期:2020-01-21
  • The lateral fibulotalocalcaneal ligament complex: an ankle stabilizing isometric structure.
    Knee Surg. Sports Traumatol. Arthrosc. (IF 3.149) Pub Date : 2018-10-31
    Jordi Vega,Francesc Malagelada,Maria-Cristina Manzanares Céspedes,Miki Dalmau-Pastor

    PURPOSE Ankle lateral collateral ligament complex has been the focus of multiple studies. However, there are no specific descriptions of how these ligaments are connected to each other as part of the same complex. The aim of this study was to describe in detail the components of the lateral collateral ligament complex-ATFL and CFL-and determine its anatomical relationships. METHODS An anatomical study was performed in 32 fresh-frozen below-the-knee ankle specimens. A plane-per-plane anatomical dissection was performed. Overdissecting the area just distal to the inferior ATFL fascicle was avoided to not alter the original morphology of the ligaments and the connecting fibers between them. The characteristics of the ATFL and CFL, as well as any connecting fibers between them were recorded. Measures were obtained in plantar and dorsal flexion, and by two different observers. RESULTS The ATFL was observed as a two-fascicle ligament in all the specimens. The superior ATFL fascicle was observed intra-articular in the ankle, in contrast to the inferior fascicle. The mean distance measured between superior ATFL fascicle insertions increases in plantar flexion (median 19.2 mm in plantar flexion, and 12.6 mm in dorsal flexion, p < 0.001), while the same measures observed in the inferior ATFL fascicle does not vary (median 10.6 mm in plantar flexion, and 10.6 mm in dorsal flexion, n.s.). The inferior ATFL fascicle was observed with a common fibular origin with the CFL. The CFL distance between insertions does not vary with ankle movement (median 20.1 mm in plantar flexion, and 19.9 mm in dorsal flexion, n.s.). The inferior ATFL fascicle and the CFL were connected by arciform fibers, that were observed as an intrinsic reinforcement of the subtalar joint capsule. CONCLUSION The superior fascicle of the ATFL is a distinct anatomical structure, whereas the inferior ATFL fascicle and the CFL share some features being both isometric ligaments, having a common fibular insertion, and being connected by arciform fibers, and forming a functional and anatomical entity, that has been named the lateral fibulotalocalcaneal ligament (LFTCL) complex. The clinical relevance of this study is that the superior fascicle of the ATFL is anatomical and functionally a distinct structure from the inferior ATFL fascicle. The superior ATFL fascicle is an intra-articular ligament, that will most probably not be able to heal after a rupture, and a microinstability of the ankle is developed. However, when the LFTCL complex is injured, classical ankle instability resulted. In addition, because of the presence of LFTCL complex, excellent results are observed when an isolated repair of the ATFL is performed even when an injury of both the ATFL and CFL exists.

    更新日期:2020-01-21
  • Patient satisfaction and perception of success after total knee arthroplasty are more strongly associated with patient factors and complications than surgical or anaesthetic factors
    Knee Surg. Sports Traumatol. Arthrosc. (IF 3.149) Pub Date : 2020-01-06
    Yasser Khatib, Helen Badge, Wei Xuan, Justine M. Naylor, Ian A. Harris

    A proportion of TKA recipients following TKA are dissatisfied with their outcome. Our hypothesis is that patient satisfaction with TKA and perception of success of surgery are associated with patient comorbidities and overall health status, surgical and anaesthetic techniques as well as processes of post-operative care after TKA. The aims were to (i) measure the incidence of patient unfavourable outcomes—defined as dissatisfaction with the surgery or lack of joint-specific global improvement—1 year after TKA, and to explore the differences between these two outcomes of interest; (ii) assess the relationship between the development of these unfavourable outcomes and patient-reported knee function and overall quality of life; (iii) explore the associations between pre- and peri-operative variables and the development of these unfavourable outcomes 1 year after TKA.

    更新日期:2020-01-06
  • Differentiating factors of intra-articular injectables have a meaningful impact on knee osteoarthritis outcomes: a network meta-analysis
    Knee Surg. Sports Traumatol. Arthrosc. (IF 3.149) Pub Date : 2020-01-03
    Mark Phillips, Christopher Vannabouathong, Tahira Devji, Rahil Patel, Zoya Gomes, Ashaka Patel, Mykaelah Dixon, Mohit Bhandari

    Abstract Purpose There are a number of developments in intra-articular therapies that have been determined to be differentiating factors within the classes of treatments. This study evaluated the efficacy and safety of intra-articular treatments of primary knee osteoarthritis in the short term (3 months follow-up), using a network meta-analysis design, while taking within-class differentiating factors into consideration. Methods A literature search of MEDLINE (through OVID), EMBASE (through OVID), Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials for all trials comparing intra-articular therapies was conducted on November 12, 2018. The treatments assessed were high molecular weight and low molecular weight hyaluronic acid injections, extended-release corticosteroids, standard-release corticosteroids, platelet-rich plasma, and saline. A frequentist network meta-analysis was conducted for each outcome. Results Sixty-four articles (9710 patients) met the inclusion criteria. High molecular weight hyaluronic acid (− 0.53, 95% CI − 0.81 to − 0.25) and PRP (− 0.79, 95% CI − 1.32 to − 0.26) were the only treatments with a confidence interval that lay completely above the MID threshold; however, PRP results varied within sensitivity analyses. For the function analysis, high molecular weight hyaluronic acid (SMD − 0.76, 95% CI − 1.30 to − 0.22) was the only treatment with a confidence interval entirely above the MID. Extended-release corticosteroid demonstrated a possible benefit in functional improvement (SMD − 0.98, 95% CI − 1.79 to − 0.17) compared to that of standard-release corticosteroid (SMD − 0.14, 95% CI − 0.72 to 0.44). Conclusion High molecular weight HA was the only treatment to surpass the MID for both pain and function outcomes. Extended-release corticosteroids may provide additional clinical benefit over standard-release corticosteroids. Platelet-rich plasma demonstrated possibly beneficial results; however, wide confidence intervals and sensitivity analyses made the conclusions of efficacy uncertain. Level of evidence Level 1. Systematic review of level 1 evidence.

    更新日期:2020-01-04
  • Varus deformity in the proximal tibia and immediate postoperative varus alignment result in varus progression in limb alignment in the long term after total knee arthroplasty
    Knee Surg. Sports Traumatol. Arthrosc. (IF 3.149) Pub Date : 2020-01-03
    Yuichi Kuroda, Koji Takayama, Shinya Hayashi, Shingo Hashimoto, Takehiko Matsushita, Takahiro Niikura, Ryosuke Kuroda, Tomoyuki Matsumoto

    Abstract Purpose The aim of this study was to examine and evaluate the factors associated with changes in limb alignment 10 years after total knee arthroplasty (TKA). The hypothesis was that bone morphology and immediate postoperative alignment could be correlated with long-term post-operative alignment changes following TKA. Methods This study retrospectively analysed 136 consecutive primary TKA cases for varus deformity, performed from 2006 to 2008, that could be followed for at least 10 years postoperatively. Anteroposterior long-leg weight-bearing radiographs were obtained within 1 month and at least 10 years after surgery. The hip–knee–ankle (HKA) angle immediately after surgery was compared with that 10 years later; factors correlating with the change in HKA angle (δHKA) were evaluated. Results The mean HKA angles were significantly different between immediate and long-term postoperative assessments (0.1° ± 1.9° vs. 1.2° ± 2.9°, p < 0.001). Furthermore, a significant difference was observed in the outlier ratio (> 3° deviation from the 0° of HKA angle) (10% vs. 24%, p = 0.002). δHKA strongly correlated with a higher preoperative tibial plateau tip-to-proximal tibial shaft (TPTPS) angle, higher postoperative HKA angle, lateral distal femoral angle, and lower postoperative medial proximal tibial angle. Conclusion Varus deformity in the proximal part of the tibia, immediate postoperative varus alignment, and varus position of the femoral and tibial components may lead to varus progression in limb alignment in the long term, even 10 years after TKA; the surgeon should, therefore, weigh the risks of leaving a varus alignment during surgery. Moreover, if the preoperative TPTPS angle is high, the alignment may become varus after TKA, even in patients who have acquired neutral alignment. Level of evidence IV.

    更新日期:2020-01-04
  • Voluntary femoro-tibial subluxations: a benign differential diagnosis in the snapping knee of a child
    Knee Surg. Sports Traumatol. Arthrosc. (IF 3.149) Pub Date : 2020-01-02
    B. Kwiatkowski, C. Mouton, S. Raux, R. Seil, T. Haumont, F. Chotel

    Abstract Purpose Voluntary femoro-tibial subluxation is a rare entity predominantly found in pretoddlers. It presents as a dynamic phenomenon with uni- or bilateral audible snapping of the knee, often in a context of fatigue or irritation at the end of the day. The aim of the study was to observe the evolution and recovery in these patients. Methods Ten children were included. Other causes of dislocating joints and pathologies with snapping of the lateral meniscus were excluded from this study. Six-week immobilisation with a splint at 70° of knee flexion was primarily recommended to all patients. Results The mean age at onset of symptoms was 10 months. Forty percent of the patients presented with bilateral symptoms. Clinically, four patients were hyperlax. In all patients, subluxations could be reproduced passively by rotating the foot externally and advancing the internal tibial plateau anteriorly. Three of the patients were treated with a dorsal splint and experienced significantly less or cessation of symptoms. Two patients underwent surgery, one for a concomitant anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) rupture and meniscus tear that worsened the symptoms, another for concomitant patella dislocation and a meniscus tear. One patient’s parents refused treatment and four patients experienced less symptoms at the time of consultation and were not immobilized. Except for the two patients undergoing surgeries, no sequelae were observed. In general, the symptoms got less frequent when the patient began to walk. Conclusion Voluntary femoro-tibial subluxation in children is a rare and benign condition that often resolves spontaneously without sequelae. The risk of meniscus tear should, however, be considered if subluxations do not cease. Level of evidence IV.

    更新日期:2020-01-04
  • Subacromial balloon spacer implantation for patients with massive irreparable rotator cuff tears achieves satisfactory clinical outcomes in the short and middle of follow-up period: a meta-analysis
    Knee Surg. Sports Traumatol. Arthrosc. (IF 3.149) Pub Date : 2020-01-02
    Fanxiao Liu, Jinlei Dong, Qinglin Kang, Dongsheng Zhou, Fei Xiong

    Abstract Purpose This meta-analysis was performed systematically to evaluate the efficacy of subacromial balloon spacers for patients with massive, irreparable rotator cuff tears. Methods Electronic databases, including Medline/PubMed, Embase and Cochrane Library, were systematically searched to identify studies evaluating the efficacy of subacromial spacers for patients with irreparable or massive rotator cuff tears. Meta-analyses were performed to pool the outcome estimates of interest, such as the total constant score (TCS) and its sub-score (pain, activities of daily living [ADL], range of motion [ROM], and strength), Oxford shoulder score (OSS), American Shoulder and Elbow Society scores (ASES) and numeric rating scale (NRS), as well as different outcomes at different time points in the follow-up period. Results Ten studies with a total of 261 patients involving 270 shoulders were deemed viable for inclusion in the meta-analysis. The combined results demonstrated significant improvements in the TCS at the final follow-up (pooled mean difference = 26.4, 95% confidence intervals [CIs] 23.3 to 29.5). A sensitivity analysis and subgroup analysis, which were implemented based on two factors, different follow-up points and sub-scores (pain, ADL, ROM, and strength), revealed a consistent trend. The combined shoulder motion results demonstrated significant improvements in the forward flexion and external rotation (0° abduction) variables rather than in the abduction and external rotation (90° abduction) variables. Additionally, significant improvements in the OSS and ASES and a decrease in the NRS were observed in the middle of the follow-up period. Conclusion This meta-analysis indicated that subacromial balloon spacer implantation for patients with massive irreparable rotator cuff tears may achieve satisfactory outcomes between 3 months and 3 years of follow-ups. Although the short- and middle- term effect is significant, the long-term effect needs to be confirmed by large-sample randomized controlled trial. Level of evidence IV.

    更新日期:2020-01-04
  • Protracted alterations in muscle activation strategies and knee mechanics in patients after Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction
    Knee Surg. Sports Traumatol. Arthrosc. (IF 3.149) Pub Date : 2020-01-02
    Julie P. Burland, Adam S. Lepley, Laura Frechette, Lindsey K. Lepley

    Abstract Purpose Altered quadriceps muscle activity can contribute to reduced ability of the muscle to quickly generate force and appropriately attenuate landing forces, exacerbating poor landing and movement strategies commonly seen after anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction (ACLR). The purpose was to evaluate if electromyographic (EMG) activity and knee biomechanics during a single-limb forward hop task are influenced by a history of ACLR. Methods Twenty-six individuals with a history of unilateral ACLR (age 20.2 ± 2.7 years, height 1.7 ± 0.1 m; weight 69.6 ± 12.4 kg; time from surgery, 2.9 ± 2.7 years; graft type, 21 bone-patellar-tendon bone, 5 hamstring) and 8 healthy controls (age 23.3 ± 1.8 years, height 1.7 ± 0.1 m; mass 66.3 ± 13.9 kg) volunteered. Sagittal plane knee kinetics and EMG of the vastus lateralis were synchronized and measured using a three-dimensional motion analysis system during a single-limb forward hop task. Mixed-effect models were used to assess the effect of group on kinetic and EMG variables. Results Kinetic outcomes (peak and rate of knee extension moment) and temporal muscle activity and activation patterns differed between the ACLR limb and healthy-control limb. Inter-limb asymmetries in the ACLR group were observed for all variables except EMG onset time; no limb differences were observed in the healthy cohort. Conclusion Years after ACLR, persistent quadriceps functional deficits are present, contributing to altered neuromuscular control strategies during functional tasks that may increase the risk of reinjury. To counteract these effects, emerging evidence indicates that clinicians could consider the use of motor learning strategies to improve neuromuscular control after ACLR. Level of evidence III.

    更新日期:2020-01-04
  • Safety and efficacy of matrix-associated autologous chondrocyte implantation with spheroid technology is independent of spheroid dose after 4 years
    Knee Surg. Sports Traumatol. Arthrosc. (IF 3.149) Pub Date : 2020-01-02
    Philipp Niemeyer, Volker Laute, Wolfgang Zinser, Thilo John, Christoph Becher, Peter Diehl, Thomas Kolombe, Jakob Fay, Rainer Siebold, Stefan Fickert

    The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of product dose in autologous chondrocyte implantation (ACI) for the treatment of full-thickness cartilage defects of the knee and to assess its influence on clinical and morphological mid-term outcome.

    更新日期:2020-01-04
  • Enhanced microfracture using acellular scaffolds improves results after treatment of symptomatic focal grade III/IV knee cartilage lesions but current clinical evidence does not allow unequivocal recommendation
    Knee Surg. Sports Traumatol. Arthrosc. (IF 3.149) Pub Date : 2020-01-01
    Cristiana Branco da Cunha, Renato Andrade, Tiago Rafael Veloso, David A. Learmonth, João Espregueira-Mendes, Rui A. Sousa

    To systematically analyse post-operative outcomes following enhanced microfracture procedures in focal cartilage injuries of the knee.

    更新日期:2020-01-04
  • Arthroscopic double-button Latarjet: two-thirds of bone block healed at 90 days
    Knee Surg. Sports Traumatol. Arthrosc. (IF 3.149) Pub Date : 2020-01-01
    Yoann Dalmas, Charles Edouard Thélu, Pierre Laumonerie, Mathieu Girard, Marie Faruch, Nicolas Bonnevialle

    The aim of this study was to evaluate the union rate and risk factors for delayed union in the early postoperative period after an arthroscopic Latarjet with double-button fixation.

    更新日期:2020-01-04
  • Timing of anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction and preoperative pain are important predictors for postoperative kinesiophobia
    Knee Surg. Sports Traumatol. Arthrosc. (IF 3.149) Pub Date : 2019-12-26
    W. W. E. S. Theunissen, M. C. van der Steen, W. Y. Liu, R. P. A. Janssen

    Abstract Purpose Fear of movement (kinesiophobia) is a major limiting factor in the return to pre-injury sport level after anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction (ACLR). The aim of this study was to gain insight into the prevalence of kinesiophobia pre-ACLR, 3 months post-ACLR and 12 months post-ACLR. Furthermore, the preoperative predictability of kinesiophobia at 3 months post-ACLR was addressed. Methods A retrospective study with data, which were prospectively collected as part of standard care, was conducted to evaluate patients who underwent ACLR between January 2017 and December 2018 in an orthopaedic outpatient clinic. Patient characteristics (age, sex, body mass index), injury-to-surgery time, preoperative pain level (KOOS pain subscale) and preoperative knee function (IKDC-2000) were used as potential predictor variables for kinesiophobia (TSK-17) at 3 months post-ACLR in linear regression analysis. Results The number of patients with a high level of kinesiophobia (TSK > 37) reduced from 92 patients (69.2%) preoperatively to 44 patients (43.1%) 3 months postoperatively and 36 patients (30.8%) 12 months postoperatively. The prediction model, based on a multivariable regression analysis, showed a positive correlation between four predictor variables (prolonged injury-to-surgery time, high preoperative pain level, male sex and low body mass index) and a high level of kinesiophobia at 3 months postoperatively (R2 = 0.384, p = 0.02). Conclusion The prevalence of kinesiophobia decreases during postoperative rehabilitation, but high kinesiophobia is still present in a large portion of the patients after ACLR. Timing of reconstruction seems to be the strongest predictor for high kinesiophobia 3 months post-ACLR. This study is the first step in the development of a screening tool to detect patients with kinesiophobia after ACLR. Identifying patients preoperatively opens the possibility to treat patients and thereby potentially increase the return to pre-injury sport level rate after ACLR. Level of evidence III.

    更新日期:2020-01-04
  • Distal tibial tubercle osteotomy is superior to the proximal one for progression of patellofemoral osteoarthritis in medial opening wedge high tibial osteotomy
    Knee Surg. Sports Traumatol. Arthrosc. (IF 3.149) Pub Date : 2019-12-24
    Hiroyasu Ogawa, Kazu Matsumoto, Hiroki Yoshioka, Masaya Sengoku, Haruhiko Akiyama

    Abstract Purpose To investigate the effect of proximal tibial tubercle osteotomy (PTO) and distal tibial tubercle osteotomy (DTO) in medial opening wedge high tibial osteotomy on patellofemoral alignment, patellofemoral osteoarthritis and clinical outcomes. Methods PTO (n = 41) and DTO (n = 43) for the same surgical indications were included. Radiographic measurements of the Caton-Deschamps index, patellar tilt and shift, and arthroscopic cartilage evaluation at the patellofemoral joint were performed at osteotomy and plate removal. The Knee Society Score (KSS) was evaluated preoperatively and at the latest follow-up. Results The follow-up period was longer in the PTO group (33.7 months; range 23–40 years) than in the DTO group (22.2 months; range 18–29 months) (p < 0.0001), whereas the period from osteotomy to plate removal was not different between the groups. The Caton-Deschamps index of the DTO group was unchanged from 0.9 (range 0.7–1.2) to 0.9 (range 0.6–1.4), whereas that of the PTO group changed from 0.9 (0.7–1.2) to 0.7 (0.5–1.0) (p < 0.0001). There were fewer deteriorated cases of cartilage status in the trochlear groove in the DTO group (20.9%) than in the PTO group (56.1%, p < 0.05). There were more improved cases in the DTO group (23.3%) than in the PTO group (4.9%, p < 0.05). Postoperative KSS was better in the DTO group than in the PTO group (p < 0.05). Conclusion DTO is associated not only with reduced deterioration but also with increased improvement of cartilage status in the trochlear groove and better KSS as compared with PTO. Level of evidence IV.

    更新日期:2020-01-04
  • The tibial cut influences the patellofemoral knee kinematics and pressure distribution in total knee arthroplasty with constitutional varus alignment
    Knee Surg. Sports Traumatol. Arthrosc. (IF 3.149) Pub Date : 2019-12-24
    Martin Faschingbauer, S. Hacker, A. Seitz, L. Dürselen, F. Boettner, H. Reichel

    The current literature suggests that kinematic total knee arthroplasty (kTKA) may be associated with better outcome scores in patients with constitutional varus alignment. The underlying patellofemoral kinematic changes (patella tilting and patella tracking) and patellofemoral pressure distribution have not yet been described. The present study compared the effects of different tibial cuts, as used in kTKA, on patellofemoral knee kinematics and the pressure distribution, in addition to comparisons with the natural constitutional varus knee.

    更新日期:2020-01-04
  • Articular surface of the medial proximal tibia is aligned parallel to the ground in three-dimensional space under weight-bearing conditions in healthy and varus osteoarthritic knees
    Knee Surg. Sports Traumatol. Arthrosc. (IF 3.149) Pub Date : 2019-12-18
    Tomoharu Mochizuki, Yoshio Koga, Takahiro Mori, Katsutoshi Nishino, Koichi Kobayashi, Osamu Tanifuji, Takashi Sato, Ryota Katsumi, Hiroshi Koga, Go Omori, Yuji Tanabe

    Abstract Purpose To test the hypothesis that an inclined articular surface on the medial proximal tibia is aligned more parallel to the ground in three-dimensional (3D) space under weight-bearing (WB) conditions (parallel phenomenon) than under non-WB (NWB) conditions in healthy and varus osteoarthritic knees. Methods We examined 55 healthy knees (26 women, 29 men; mean age, 70 ± 6 years) and 108 varus osteoarthritic knees (66 women, 16 men; mean age, 74 ± 7 years). For the evaluation under WB conditions, a 3D assessment system was used on biplanar long-leg radiographs and 3D bone models using a 3D-to-2D image registration technique. In addition, the least square method was used to determine the approximation plane. The angles between the normal vector for the approximation plane of an articular surface on the medial proximal tibia and each axis of the tibial or world coordinate system were calculated. Results Morphologically, the inclination of the approximation plane was steeper in osteoarthritic knees than in healthy knees (p < 0.0001). The approximation plane was aligned more parallel to the ground under WB conditions than under NWB conditions in healthy (p < 0.0001) and osteoarthritic knees (p < 0.0001). Conclusions The parallel phenomenon in the medial proximal tibia was confirmed for healthy and varus osteoarthritic knees. The medial proximal tibia plays an important role in the parallel phenomenon, assumingly associated with varus alignment and varus thrust. The inclination of the medial proximal tibia may become a new parameter for imaging investigations. Level of evidence III.

    更新日期:2020-01-04
  • Latarjet with cortical button fixation is associated with an increase of the risk of recurrent dislocation compared to screw fixation
    Knee Surg. Sports Traumatol. Arthrosc. (IF 3.149) Pub Date : 2019-12-17
    Alexandre Hardy, Vincent Sabatier, Bradley Schoch, Marie Vigan, Jean David Werthel, Study Investigators

    The purpose of this study was to compare the clinical results of the Latarjet procedure using two cortical buttons vs two screws. It was hypothesized that cortical button would result in similar rates of recurrent dislocations, but a lower rate of reoperation compared to screw fixation.

    更新日期:2020-01-04
  • Joint line elevation is not associated with mid-flexion laxity in patients with varus osteoarthritis after total knee arthroplasty
    Knee Surg. Sports Traumatol. Arthrosc. (IF 3.149) Pub Date : 2019-12-17
    Yukihide Minoda, Ryo Sugama, Yoichi Ohta, Hideki Ueyama, Susumu Takemura, Hiroaki Nakamura

    Abstract Purpose Previous cadaver studies showed that the additional bone cuts in the distal and posterior femur and joint line elevation resulted in laxity at mid-flexion after total knee arthroplasty (TKA). However, these results are not always applicable to TKA candidates because the related studies used cadaver knees with no osteoarthritis. It was hypothesized that the joint line elevation results in mid-flexion laxity after TKA in patients with knee osteoarthritis. The purpose of this study was to analyze the relationship between joint line elevation and mid-flexion laxity in patients with knee osteoarthritis. Methods 30 knees with varus osteoarthritis undergoing TKA were evaluated. Two femoral trial component models were prepared: (1) normal model with a thickness of the distal and posterior femoral components of 9 mm, and (2) 2-mm joint line elevation model with a thickness of the distal and posterior femoral components of 9 − 2 = 7 mm. This 2-mm joint line elevation model simulated an additional bone cut in the distal and posterior femur, and joint line elevation, without an additional bone cut. The femoral trial component models were set before implantation and measured the joint gap kinematics using a tensor device through the full knee range of motion. Results The differences in joint gap change from 30° to 90° were not statistically significant between the two models. However, the joint line elevation model decreased the joint gap laxity at 120° (p = 0.02) and at 145° (p = 0.01). Conclusions This study showed that a 2-mm joint line elevation was not associated with mid-flexion laxity in patients with varus osteoarthritis in the knee. The results of this study differed from the results in previous cadaver studies. Level of evidence Therapeutic study, level II, prospective comparative study.

    更新日期:2020-01-04
  • Quantitative assessment of the pivot shift test with smartphone accelerometer
    Knee Surg. Sports Traumatol. Arthrosc. (IF 3.149) Pub Date : 2019-12-16
    Rupesh Kumar Vaidya, Cheol Whan Yoo, Joonhee Lee, Hyuk-Soo Han, Myung Chul Lee, Du Hyun Ro

    The pivot shift (PS) test is commonly used to diagnose and evaluate the dynamic instability of the knee joint in cases of anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) tear. There is a need of a reliable and inexpensive tool which is easily available to measure PS objectively in a clinical setting. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the use of a smartphone, which is readily available, to assess the PS phenomenon.

    更新日期:2020-01-04
  • Machine learning methods are comparable to logistic regression techniques in predicting severe walking limitation following total knee arthroplasty
    Knee Surg. Sports Traumatol. Arthrosc. (IF 3.149) Pub Date : 2019-12-12
    Yong-Hao Pua, Hakmook Kang, Julian Thumboo, Ross Allan Clark, Eleanor Shu-Xian Chew, Cheryl Lian-Li Poon, Hwei-Chi Chong, Seng-Jin Yeo

    Abstract Purpose Machine-learning methods are flexible prediction algorithms with potential advantages over conventional regression. This study aimed to use machine learning methods to predict post-total knee arthroplasty (TKA) walking limitation, and to compare their performance with that of logistic regression. Methods From the department’s clinical registry, a cohort of 4026 patients who underwent elective, primary TKA between July 2013 and July 2017 was identified. Candidate predictors included demographics and preoperative clinical, psychosocial, and outcome measures. The primary outcome was severe walking limitation at 6 months post-TKA, defined as a maximum walk time ≤ 15 min. Eight common regression (logistic, penalized logistic, and ordinal logistic with natural splines) and ensemble machine learning (random forest, extreme gradient boosting, and SuperLearner) methods were implemented to predict the probability of severe walking limitation. Models were compared on discrimination and calibration metrics. Results At 6 months post-TKA, 13% of patients had severe walking limitation. Machine learning and logistic regression models performed moderately [mean area under the ROC curves (AUC) 0.73–0.75]. Overall, the ordinal logistic regression model performed best while the SuperLearner performed best among machine learning methods, with negligible differences between them (Brier score difference, < 0.001; 95% CI [− 0.0025, 0.002]). Conclusions When predicting post-TKA physical function, several machine learning methods did not outperform logistic regression—in particular, ordinal logistic regression that does not assume linearity in its predictors. Level of evidence Prognostic level II

    更新日期:2020-01-04
  • Patient-specific prediction of joint line convergence angle after high tibial osteotomy using a whole-leg radiograph standing on lateral-wedge insole
    Knee Surg. Sports Traumatol. Arthrosc. (IF 3.149) Pub Date : 2019-12-11
    Yukio Akasaki, Hideki Mizu-uchi, Satoshi Hamai, Hidetoshi Tsushima, Shinya Kawahara, Tomohiro Horikawa, Yasuharu Nakashima

    Abstract Purpose To assess the usefulness of a whole-leg radiograph standing on lateral-wedge insole (LWI) for predicting the change in joint line convergence angle (JLCA) before vs. after high tibial osteotomy (HTO). Methods Forty knees with medial osteoarthritis underwent open-wedge HTO. Pre-operatively, all patients had whole-leg radiographs taken in three different conditions: supine, standing, and standing on LWI inclined at 20°. A standing whole-leg radiograph was also obtained post-operatively. Radiological measurements including JLCA and percentage of mechanical axis (%MA) were compared. Using pre-operative radiographs, correction angles were calculated with the target %MA at 62.5%. Correlations between the difference in calculated correction angle among the three pre-operative conditions and the change in JLCA before vs. after HTO were assessed. Results In the pre-operative standing conditions, the mean JLCA of 3.8° was significantly decreased to 3.2° using LWI, which did not differ from post-operative JLCA of 3.1°. Mean %MA significantly shifted laterally from 20.6 to 24.8% using LWI, and was strongly correlated with the change in JLCA (coefficient, 0.83). Calculated correction angles differed significantly among the three pre-operative conditions. The difference in calculated correction angle between standing with and without LWI was strongly correlated to the change in standing JLCA before vs. after HTO (coefficient, 0.73). Conclusion Larger differences in calculated correction angles between pre-operative radiographs standing with and without LWI predicted larger changes in JLCA after HTO. Whole-leg radiograph standing on LWI is a promising modality for correct pre-operative planning considering patient-specific changes in JLCA before vs. after HTO. Level of evidence IV.

    更新日期:2020-01-04
  • Young age, female gender, Caucasian race, and workers’ compensation claim are risk factors for reoperation following arthroscopic ACL reconstruction
    Knee Surg. Sports Traumatol. Arthrosc. (IF 3.149) Pub Date : 2019-12-07
    Brian M. Capogna, Siddharth A. Mahure, Brent Mollon, Matthew L. Duenes, Andrew S. Rokito

    Given the increasing incidence of arthroscopic anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction (ACLR), mid- to long-term rates of reoperations were investigated on the ipsilateral knee following ACLR.

    更新日期:2020-01-04
  • A landmark-based 3D analysis reveals a narrower tibial plateau and patella in trochlear dysplastic knees.
    Knee Surg. Sports Traumatol. Arthrosc. (IF 3.149) Pub Date : null
    Wouter Peeters,Annemieke Van Haver,Sander Van den Wyngaert,Peter Verdonk

    PURPOSE The trochlear dysplastic femur has a specific morphotype previously characterised by not only dysplastic features of the trochlea but also by specific features of the notch and posterior femur. In this study the morphology of the tibia and patella was investigated to gain further insight in the complete geometrical complexity of the trochlear dysplastic knee. METHODS Arthro-CT scan-based 3D models of 20 trochlear dysplastic and 20 normal knees were uniformly scaled and landmarks and landmark-based reference planes were created to quantify a series of morphometric characteristics of the tibia and patella. RESULTS In the mediolateral direction, the 3D-analysis revealed a 3% smaller medial tibial plateau (30.4 ± 1.6 mm vs 31.5 ± 1.6 mm), a 3% smaller overall width of the tibial plateau (73.6 ± 2.0 mm vs 75.7 ± 2.0 mm), a 16% smaller medial facet (17.3 ± 2.2 mm vs 20.1 ± 1.3 mm) and a 4% smaller overall width of the patella (41.7 ± 2.5 mm vs 43.4 ± 2.3 mm) in trochlear dysplastic knees. In the anteroposterior direction, the lateral tibial plateau of trochlear dysplastic knees was 5% larger (37.2 ± 2.3 mm vs 35.5 ± 3.1 mm). A correlation test between the width of the femur and the width of the tibia revealed that trochlear dysplastic knees show less correspondence between the femur and tibia compared to normal knees. CONCLUSION Significant differences in the morphology of the tibial plateau and patella were detected between trochlear dysplastic and normal knees. Both in the trochlear dysplastic tibial plateau and patella a narrower medial compartment leads to a significant smaller overall mediolateral width. These findings are important for the understanding of knee biomechanics and the design of total knee arthroplasty components. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE III.

    更新日期:2019-11-01
  • Defining the three most responsive and specific CT measurements of ankle syndesmotic malreduction.
    Knee Surg. Sports Traumatol. Arthrosc. (IF 3.149) Pub Date : 2019-04-26
    Jason M Schon,Alex W Brady,Joseph J Krob,Carly A Lockard,Daniel C Marchetti,Grant J Dornan,Thomas O Clanton

    PURPOSE The purpose of this study was to compare the reliability and accuracy of existing computed tomography (CT) methods for measuring the distal tibiofibular syndesmosis in uninjured, paired cadaveric specimens and in simulated malreduction models. It was hypothesized that a repeatable set of measurements exists to accurately and quantitatively describe the typical forms of syndesmotic malreduction using contralateral ankle comparison. METHODS Twelve cadaveric lower-leg specimen pairs were imaged with CT to generate models for this study. Thirty-five measurements were performed on each native model. Next, four distinct fibular malreductions were produced via digital simulation and all measurements were repeated for each state: (1) 2-mm lateral translation; (2) 2-mm posterior translation; (3) 7-degree external rotation; (4) the previous three states combined. The modified standardized response mean (mSRM) was calculated for each measurement. To assess rater reliability and side-to-side agreements of the native state measurements, intraclass correlation coefficients (ICC) and Pearson correlation coefficients (PCC) were calculated, respectively. RESULTS The most responsive measurements for detecting isolated malreduction were the Leporjärvi clear space for lateral translation, the Nault anterior tibiofibular distance for posterior translation, and the Nault talar dome angle for external rotation of the fibula. These measurements demonstrated fair to excellent inter-rater ICCs (0.64-0.76) and variable side-to-side PCCs (0.14-0.47). CONCLUSIONS The most reliable method to assess the syndesmosis on CT was to compare side-to-side differences using three distinct measurements, one for each type of fibular malreduction, allowing assessment of the magnitude and directionality of syndesmosis malreduction. Reliable evaluation is essential for assessing subtle syndesmosis injuries, malreduction and surgical planning.

    更新日期:2019-11-01
  • Stress fractures of the medial malleolus in the professional soccer player demonstrate excellent outcomes when treated with open reduction internal fixation and arthroscopic spur debridement.
    Knee Surg. Sports Traumatol. Arthrosc. (IF 3.149) Pub Date : 2019-03-28
    Anthony Nguyen,Ian Beasley,James Calder

    PURPOSE Despite a debilitating effect on athletic performance and an incidence of up to 4% of all stress fractures, there have been only 31 documented cases of medial malleolus stress fractures (MMSF) to our knowledge in the literature. The largest series to date is presented in this study, of 16 professional soccer players undergoing uniform operative treatment. The authors attempt to justify their preferred treatment of MMSFs in the professional soccer player, with an emphasis on patient satisfaction, clinical and radiographic union, and return to high level sport. The authors aim to prove an association between lower limb varus alignment and the development of MMSFs. METHOD Sixteen professional soccer players of mean age 23.6 years were analysed. A biomechanic assessment was performed. Preoperative CT+-MRI scan were performed to assess fracture lines and the presence of anteromedial tibial and/or talar spurs; which are the likely pathognomic lesion in the development of MMSFs. All patients underwent open reduction and internal fixation with three screws, as well as arthroscopic debridement of impringement spurs, and concentrated bone marrow aspirate into the fracture site. Patients completed the Ogilvie-Harris score, and all patients had CT scans at 3 months and until union. RESULTS All the patients in this cohort had causative bony spurs that were debrided at surgery. All of the cohort achieved clinical union. All patients were able to return to professional football; at the same level as prior to the injury. There was complete cohort follow up; and 81% of patients were graded as excellent and 19% as good by the Ogilvie-Harris score. We noted 50% of our cohort demonstrated varus malalignment, either genu varum or hindfoot varus. CONCLUSIONS The authors conclude that open reduction and internal fixation of MMSFs with screws combined with arthroscopic spur debridement results in excellent clinical outcomes. It can be concluded that varus lower limb malalignment is a risk factor for MMSFs. Given the treatment controversy for these injuries, the results herein demonstrate that aggressive multimodal operative treatment produces excellent outcomes in high demand professional footballers. This study is the first to report a biomechanic association, which can alert the clinician to preventative measures; such as hindfoot orthoses. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE IV.

    更新日期:2019-11-01
  • Reattachment of the superior peroneal retinaculum versus the bone block procedure for the treatment of recurrent peroneal tendon dislocation: two safe and effective techniques.
    Knee Surg. Sports Traumatol. Arthrosc. (IF 3.149) Pub Date : 2019-03-25
    En Deng,Weili Shi,Chen Jiao,Xing Xie,Dong Jiang,Linxin Chen,Yuelin Hu,Qinwei Guo

    PURPOSE Clinical outcomes between reattachment of the superior peroneal retinaculum (SPR) and the bone block procedure were compared in this study to elucidate which procedure was safer and more effective. METHODS From 2012 to 2016, 25 patients with recurrent peroneal tendon dislocation underwent the bone block procedure (group A), and another 22 patients underwent reattachment of the SPR (group B). American Orthopaedic Foot and Ankle Society (AOFAS) ankle-hindfoot score, Ankle Activity Score (AAS), time to return to sports activity, rate of return to sports level, range of motion (ROM) of the ankle, rate of recurrence, and overall patient satisfaction were collected to evaluate outcomes between the two groups. RESULTS In group A, 24 patients followed up at a mean period of 42.5 ± 16.7 months. The mean postoperative AOFAS score was 92.9 ± 3.9. The median time to return to sports activity was 6.0 months (IQR 4.3-6.0 months) with 19 patients (79.2%) returning to their previous sports level. Two patients experienced recurrent dislocation, and 22 patients (91.7%) were satisfied with the procedure. In group B, 20 patients followed up at a mean period of 35.8 ± 15.3 months. The mean postoperative AOFAS score was 95.0 ± 4.2. The median time to return to sports activity was 5.0 months (IQR 4.0-5.0 months) with 18 patients (90.0%) returning to their previous sports level. No recurrence was reported, and 18 patients (90.0%) were satisfied with the procedure. The time to return to sports activity in group B was significantly shorter than that in group A. There was no significant difference in complications or clinical outcomes between the two procedures. CONCLUSION Both procedures offered satisfactory results for recurrent peroneal tendon dislocation with low rates of recurrence and complications. However, the time to return to sports activity after the reattachment of the SPR was shorter than that after the bone block procedure. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE Retrospective Comparative Study, Level III.

    更新日期:2019-11-01
  • The distance from the peroneal tendons sheath to the sural nerve at the posterior tip of the fibula decreases from proximal to distal.
    Knee Surg. Sports Traumatol. Arthrosc. (IF 3.149) Pub Date : 2019-03-20
    Bruno S Pereira,Helder Pereira,Ricardo Visiedo Robles,Andrés Pérez Rivas,Özgür Oktay Nar,João Espregueira-Mendes,Xavier Martin Oliva

    PURPOSE The aim of this study is to compare the distance from the peroneal tendons sheath to the sural nerve in different points proximally and distally to the tip of the fibula. METHODS Ten fresh-frozen lower extremities were dissected to expose the nerves and tendons. Having the posterior tip of the fibula as a reference, the distance between the tendons sheath and the sural nerve was measured in each point with a tachometer with three independent different observers. Two measures were taken distally at 1.5 and 2 cm from fibula tip and 3 measures were performed proximally at 2, 3, and 5 cm from fibula tip. Data were described using means, standard deviations, medians, and minimum and maximum values. RESULTS The average distance between distance between the fibula tip and sural nerve is 16.6 ± 4.4 mm. The average distance between peroneal tendons sheath and the sural nerve at 5 cm, 3 cm, and 2 cm from the proximal fibular tip was 29.6 ± 3.2 mm, 24.2 ± 3.6 mm, and 19.7 ± 2.7 mm, respectively. The average distance between the peroneal tendons sheath and the sural nerve at 2 cm and 1.5 cm distal to fibular tip was 9.1 ± 3.5 mm and 7.8 ± 3.3 mm, respectively. CONCLUSION The distance from the peroneal tendons sheath to the sural nerve decreases from proximal to distal. As the distance between the peroneal tendons sheath and the sural nerve decreases from proximal to distal, performing the tendoscopy portal more distally would increase the risk of nerve iatrogenic injury.

    更新日期:2019-11-01
  • It is possible to release the plantaris tendon under ultrasound guidance: a technical description of ultrasound guided plantaris tendon release (UPTR) in the treatment of non-insertional Achilles tendinopathy.
    Knee Surg. Sports Traumatol. Arthrosc. (IF 3.149) Pub Date : 2019-03-09
    Ben Hickey,Justin Lee,Jo Stephen,Jarrod Antflick,James Calder

    PURPOSE Open plantaris tendon excision and ventral paratendinous stripping is a recognised treatment option in selected patients with non-insertional Achilles tendinopathy. The aim of this study was to develop a minimally invasive outpatient technique of ultrasound guided plantaris tendon release (UPTR). METHODS A 19 gauge needle, 15 gauge scalpel blade, hook knife (Smith and Nephew, Boston, MA, USA) and a beaver blade (Arthrex, Naples, FL, USA), were used under ultrasound guidance to identify and divide the plantaris tendon in 12 cadaveric legs. Specimens were dissected to identify whether division of the plantaris tendon had been successful. UPTR was subsequently performed on patients. RESULTS The 15 gauge scalpel blade, hook knife (Smith and Nephew, Boston, MA, USA) and beaver blade (Arthrex, Naples, FL, USA) were all able to cut the plantaris tendon. However, on dissection the hook knife (Smith and Nephew, Boston MA) caused less damage to surrounding structures. Subsequently, the plantaris tendon was successfully divided in three patients using UPTR technique without complication. CONCLUSION UPTR is a viable technique for treating plantaris related non-insertional Achilles tendinopathy.

    更新日期:2019-11-01
  • Medical comorbidities increase the rate of surgical site infection in primary Achilles tendon repair.
    Knee Surg. Sports Traumatol. Arthrosc. (IF 3.149) Pub Date : 2019-01-22
    Malcolm Dombrowski,Christopher D Murawski,Youichi Yasui,Antonia F Chen,Samuel O Ewalefo,Mitchell S Fourman,John G Kennedy,MaCalus V Hogan

    PURPOSE To assess the effects of medical comorbidities on the incidence of surgical site infection following primary Achilles tendon repair. A secondary aim was to assess the effects of specific medical comorbidities on the cost and extent of healthcare utilization related to surgical site infection following primary Achilles tendon repair. METHODS 24,269 patients undergoing primary Achilles tendon repair between 2005 and 2012 were examined. Current Procedural Terminology codes for primary Achilles tendon repair, and incision and drainage were used to search for and compile patient data from the United Healthcare Orthopedic and Medicare databases. Primary outcome measures regarding surgical site infection following primary Achilles tendon repair included the rate of occurrence, cost, and duration of treatment. RESULTS Patients with one or more preexisting medical comorbidities at the time of surgery had an increased rate of surgical site infection compared to those without. Diabetes and vascular complications were associated with the highest surgical site infection rates. The rate of surgical incision and drainage was higher in patients with cardiac arrhythmias and uncomplicated hypertension. The presence of a medical comorbidity significantly increased the cost and duration of surgical site infection treatment. CONCLUSIONS Medical comorbidities can complicate the postoperative course for patients undergoing Achilles tendon repair, which increases the cost of care and duration of treatment. A better understanding of the relationship between each medical comorbidity and surgical site infections following Achilles tendon repair may be ascertained with additional prospective studies, thus, allowing for a more accurate evaluation and stratification of surgical candidates to improve patient outcomes. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE Retrospective cohort study, Level III.

    更新日期:2019-11-01
  • Tendon morphology and mechanical properties assessed by ultrasound show change early in recovery and potential prognostic ability for 6-month outcomes.
    Knee Surg. Sports Traumatol. Arthrosc. (IF 3.149) Pub Date : 2018-11-12
    Jennifer A Zellers,Daniel H Cortes,Ryan T Pohlig,Karin Grävare Silbernagel

    PURPOSE Optimizing tendon structural recovery during the first 12 weeks after Achilles tendon rupture is a prime target to improve patient outcomes, but a comprehensive understanding of biomarkers is needed to track early healing. The purpose of this study was to observe healing of tendon structure over time using ultrasound-based, tendon-specific measures and to identify relationships between tendon structural characteristics and clinical measures of gait and strength. METHODS Twenty-seven participants (21 males, mean (SD) age 39 (11) years) were assessed at 4, 8, 12, and 24 weeks after injury or surgery using ultrasound imaging techniques. Gait analysis and strength testing were added at the later time points. RESULTS Ruptured tendons had significantly lower dynamic shear modulus (p < 0.001), greater tendon cross-sectional area (p < 0.001), and greater length (p < 0.001) than the uninjured side. Dynamic shear modulus, cross-sectional area, and length were found to increase over time (p < 0.01). Tendon structure at 4 weeks post-injury [cross-sectional area symmetry (r = 0.737, p = 0.002) and dynamic shear modulus (r = 0.518, p = 0.040)] related to stance phase walking symmetry at 24 weeks. CONCLUSIONS Tendon structure assessed by ultrasound imaging changes over the first 24 weeks of healing after Achilles tendon rupture, suggesting it could be used as a biomarker to track tendon healing early in recovery. Additionally, tendon structure within the first 12 weeks relates to later walking gait and heel-rise symmetry, which may indicate that tendon structure could have prognostic value in the care of these patients. This study's clinical relevance is in its support for using ultrasound imaging to assess early patient healing and prognosticate later patient outcomes after Achilles tendon rupture. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE Level 2, prospective cohort prognostic study.

    更新日期:2019-11-01
  • Currently used imaging options cannot accurately predict subtalar joint instability.
    Knee Surg. Sports Traumatol. Arthrosc. (IF 3.149) Pub Date : 2018-10-28
    Nicola Krähenbühl,Maxwell W Weinberg,Nathan P Davidson,Megan K Mills,Beat Hintermann,Charles L Saltzman,Alexej Barg

    PURPOSE To give a systematic overview of current diagnostic imaging options and surgical treatment for chronic subtalar joint instability. METHODS A systematic literature search across the following sources was performed: PubMed, ScienceDirect, and SpringerLink. Twenty-three imaging studies and 19 outcome studies were included. The Quality Assessment of Diagnostic Accuracy Studies 2 (QUADAS 2) tool was used to assess the methodologic quality of the imaging articles, while the modified Coleman Score was used to assess the methodologic quality of the outcome studies. RESULTS Conventional radiographs were most frequently used to assess chronic subtalar joint instability. Talar tilt, anterior talar translation, and subtalar tilt were the three most commonly used measurement methods. Surgery often included calcaneofibular ligament reconstruction. CONCLUSION Current imaging options do not reliably predict subtalar joint instability. Distinction between chronic lateral ankle instability and subtalar joint instability remains challenging. Recognition of subtalar joint instability as an identifiable and treatable cause of ankle pain requires vigilant clinical investigation. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE Systematic Review of Level III and Level IV Studies, Level IV.

    更新日期:2019-11-01
  • Chronic lateral ankle instability increases the likelihood for surgery in athletes with os trigonum syndrome.
    Knee Surg. Sports Traumatol. Arthrosc. (IF 3.149) Pub Date : 2018-10-03
    P D'Hooghe,K Alkhelaifi,E Almusa,M Tabben,M G Wilson,J F Kaux

    PURPOSE The etiology and incidence of os trigonum syndrome in professional athletes is highly variable. There is a paucity of data to ascertain why some athletes evolve towards surgery whilst others remain asymptomatic. We hypothesized that a lateral ligament ankle injury would increase the likelihood for surgery in those athletes with os trigonum syndrome. METHODS Eighty professional athletes with clinical and radiological signs of os trigonum syndrome were identified to ascertain the incidence of injury to the lateral ligamentous ankle complex (acute and chronic) by magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). This cohort was subdivided into 2 groups; a surgical (n = 40) and a non-surgical (n = 40) cohort. Surgical division was decided if (1) the clinical hyper-plantar flexion test was positive, (2) a positive diagnostic ultrasound-guided injection and (3) no improvement was observed after 6 weeks of conservative rehabilitation. RESULTS From the surgical cohort, 37 players (94.1%) had a chronic lateral ankle ligament injury on MRI, whilst 3 players (5.9%) had an acute lateral ankle ligament injury. Binary logistic linear modelling revealed that having a chronic lateral ligament injury increases the likelihood of os trigonum syndrome surgery by ten times compared to those with an acute lateral ligament injury. CONCLUSION Professional athletes with chronic lateral ligament ankle injury have an approximate ten times greater risk for os trigonum syndrome surgery compared to athletes with acute lateral ligament ankle injury. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE IV.

    更新日期:2019-11-01
  • Debridement and hinged motion distraction is superior to debridement alone in patients with ankle osteoarthritis: a prospective randomized controlled trial.
    Knee Surg. Sports Traumatol. Arthrosc. (IF 3.149) Pub Date : 2018-09-29
    Mario Herrera-Perez,Yousef Alrashidi,Ahmed E Galhoum,Timothy L Kahn,Victor Valderrabano,Alexej Barg

    PURPOSE To evaluate and compare complication rates and postoperative outcomes in patients with ankle debridement alone vs. debridement and hinged ankle distraction arthroplasty. METHODS A total of 50 patients with posttraumatic ankle osteoarthritis (OA) with a mean age of 40.0 ± 8.5 years were included into this prospective randomized study: 25 patients in ankle debridement alone group and 25 patients in debridement and hinged ankle distraction group. The mean follow-up was 46 ± 12 months (range 36-78 months). The clinical and radiographic outcomes were evaluated at the 6-month and 3-year follow-up using the visual analog scale (VAS), American Orthopaedic Foot and Ankle Society (AOFAS) hindfoot score, SF-36 quality of life score, and van Dijk OA classification. A Kaplan-Meier survival analysis was performed to calculate the 3-year and 5-year survival rates. RESULTS Both patient groups experienced significant pain relief, functional improvement, and improvement in quality of life postoperatively. In total, 26 major secondary procedures were performed. The overall survival rates in the debridement and ankle distraction group were 19 of 25 (74%) and 15 of 25 (59%) at 3 years and 5 years, respectively. The overall survival rates in the ankle debridement alone group were 12 of 25 (49%) and 9 of 25 (34%) at 3 years and 5 years, respectively. CONCLUSIONS The study demonstrated comparable postoperative functional outcome and quality of life. However, rate of postoperative revision surgery was substantially higher in ankle debridement alone group. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE Randomized controlled study, Level I.

    更新日期:2019-11-01
  • Widening of the popliteal hiatus on magnetic resonance imaging leads to recurrent subluxation of the lateral meniscus.
    Knee Surg. Sports Traumatol. Arthrosc. (IF 3.149) Pub Date : 2019-12-02
    Zhou Li,Heng Zhao,Zhu Dai,Zhiwei Chen,Ying Liao,Dehong Fu,Yunliang Lei,Tao Luo,Quanhui Liu

    PURPOSE This study was undertaken to elucidate the clinical significance of widening of the popliteal hiatus on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), and to document the clinical results and technical aspects of arthroscopic repair of this finding. METHODS Included are 82 knees after arthroscopic surgery, divided according to arthroscopic diagnosis into group A, hypermobility of lateral meniscus, 8 knees; group B, tear of the anterior horn of the lateral meniscus, 32 knees; and group C, no abnormality of the lateral meniscus, 36 knees with medial meniscal tears and 6 with other conditions. Popliteal hiatus diameter was measured and the popliteal hiatus/lateral tibial plateau (LTP) ratio was calculated on preoperative sagittal and coronal MRI. At arthroscopy, the widened popliteal hiatus in group A was tightened anteriorly by outside-in or all-inside suture and posteriorly with all-inside suture. Outcomes were evaluated with MRI, Lysholm, Tegner and VAS scores. RESULTS The preoperative diameter of the popliteal hiatus and the popliteal hiatus/LTP ratio were significantly larger in group A than in groups B and C (p < 0.05) on both views. Threshold popliteal hiatus/LTP values of 0.16 and 0.18 on the sagittal and coronal views demonstrated diagnostic discrimination, and these values were significantly reduced after arthroscopy in Group A. Lysholm and Tegner scores were improved after tightening of the popliteal hiatus, while VAS scores reduced (all p < 0.05). CONCLUSION Widening of the popliteal hiatus on MRI may lead to recurrent subluxation of the lateral meniscus. Arthroscopic anterior and posterior tightening of the popliteal hiatus was a safe and effective treatment. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE II.

    更新日期:2019-11-01
  • No differences in mid- to long-term outcomes of computer-assisted navigation versus conventional total knee arthroplasty.
    Knee Surg. Sports Traumatol. Arthrosc. (IF 3.149) Pub Date : null
    Dong-Yeong Lee,Young-Jin Park,Sun-Chul Hwang,Jin-Sung Park,Dong-Geun Kang

    PURPOSE Accurate implant position in total knee arthroplasty (TKA) can potentially lead to better long-term functional outcomes and implant survival. Recent studies on whether better clinical results could be obtained from computer-navigated or conventional TKA were inconclusive. In addition, recent reviews only included short-term follow-up studies without performing quantitative mid- to long-term follow-up analysis. Thus, the purpose of the present study was to perform a meta-analysis comparing mid- to long-term clinical outcomes (such as knee scoring and functional results) and radiological outcomes (such as normal alignment of the limb axis or component) between computer-navigated TKA and conventional TKA to determine which method of TKA could obtain better clinical and radiological results. METHODS MEDLINE, EMBASE, the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL), Web of Science, and SCOPUS electronic databases were searched for relevant articles published through August 2018 that compared outcomes of computer-navigated TKA and conventional TKA. Data search, extraction, analysis, and quality assessment were performed according to the Cochrane Collaboration guidelines. Clinical and radiological outcomes of both techniques were evaluated using various outcome measures. RESULTS Seven randomized controlled trials were included. Based on Knee Society Scores, the Western Ontario and McMaster Universities Osteoarthritis Index, pain, and range of motion, there were no significant differences in clinical outcomes between the two techniques. Based on outliers from the normal axis, outliers of femoral components in the coronal plane, and outliers of tibial components in the coronal plane, radiologic outcomes showed no significant differences between the two techniques either. CONCLUSIONS The present study revealed that there were no significant differences in clinical or radiological outcomes between computer-navigated TKA and conventional TKA. It remains unclear which TKA technique yields better results in terms of mid- to long-term clinical and radiological outcomes. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE I.

    更新日期:2019-11-01
  • Stress radiography at 30° of knee flexion is a reliable evaluation tool for high-grade rotatory laxity in complete ACL-injured knees.
    Knee Surg. Sports Traumatol. Arthrosc. (IF 3.149) Pub Date : null
    Seong Hwan Kim,Yong-Beom Park,Dae-Woong Ham,Jung-Won Lim,Han-Jun Lee

    PURPOSE To evaluate the diagnostic value of stress radiography and determine the cutoff values for high-grade anterolateral rotatory laxity in complete anterior cruciate ligament (ACL)-deficient knees at different positions. METHODS Forty-two patients with complete ACL rupture (group 1) and 37 normal subjects (group 2) were prospectively enrolled. The amount of anterior translation in the medial (MM) and lateral (LL) distance compartments and the difference between them (LL-MM distance) were measured using stress radiography at 30°, 45°, 60°, and 90° positions. The area under the receiver operating characteristic curve (AUC) was assessed for the presence of a high-grade (grade > 2) pivot shift. RESULTS The MM and LL distances in group 1 were significantly different at 30° and 45° positions (P < 0.05). The AUC of the MM (AUC, 0.903) and LL (AUC, 0.901) distances at the 30° position was significantly higher than that of the other positions (P = 0.000); however, the cutoff values were different to diagnose ACL injury (MM vs. LL, 3.1 mm vs. 5.4 mm). A 2.1-mm cutoff for the LL-MM distance showed 78.4% sensitivity and 90.3% specificity for detecting the presence of a high-grade pivot shift (AUC = 0.905, P = 0.000). CONCLUSION The cutoff values of stress radiography differed according to anatomical references and knee flexion positions. Stress radiography of a 2.1 mm difference in LL-MM distance at 30° of knee flexion can be a reliable method for high-grade rotatory laxity in complete ACL-injured knees. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE Level 1, diagnostic study.

    更新日期:2019-11-01
  • Ankle arthroscopy: the wave that's coming.
    Knee Surg. Sports Traumatol. Arthrosc. (IF 3.149) Pub Date : null
    J Vega,J Karlsson,G M M J Kerkhoffs,M Dalmau-Pastor

    更新日期:2019-11-01
  • Adductor canal block is similar to femoral nerve block for the quality of rehabilitation after arthroscopic partial meniscectomy.
    Knee Surg. Sports Traumatol. Arthrosc. (IF 3.149) Pub Date : null
    Juan Xin,Yabing Zhang,Qian Li,Xu Cheng,YanJun Lin,Bin Liu,Leng Zhou

    PURPOSE Adductor canal block (ACB) provides postoperative pain relief as effectively as femoral nerve block (FNB) does, and it preserves the strength of the quadriceps femoris. However, its effect on rehabilitation after arthroscopic partial meniscectomy has not been reported. The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of pre-operative ACB and FNB on the quality of rehabilitation after arthroscopic partial meniscectomy. METHODS A total of 150 patients undergoing arthroscopic partial meniscectomy were randomly allocated to the FNB group (receiving 0.3% ropivacaine 30 ml at the thighroot-femoral nerve), the ACB group (receiving 0.3% ropivacaine 30 ml at mid-thigh adductor canal), or the control group. The primary outcome was the Hospital for Special Surgery (HSS) knee score on the 30th postoperative day. RESULTS The HSS knee score of the ACB group on the 30th day after the operation was significantly higher than those of the FNB and control groups (88.6 ± 5.3 vs. 85.3 ± 6.9 and 81.2 ± 5.9, respectively; P < 0.05). Both the ACB and FNB groups showed excellent rehabilitation, indicating similar rehabilitation quality for both treatments. CONCLUSION ACB is similar to FNB concerning the quality of rehabilitation and pain relief after arthroscopic partial meniscectomy, while ACB has little effect on the strength of the quadriceps femoris. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE I TRIAL REGISTRATAION: This trial was registered in the Chinese Clinical Trial Registry (ChiCTR-INC-16008346).

    更新日期:2019-11-01
  • ACL injury, physical activity, and overweight/obesity: a vicious cycle?
    Knee Surg. Sports Traumatol. Arthrosc. (IF 3.149) Pub Date : null
    Fábio Carlos Lucas de Oliveira,Jean-Sébastien Roy,Evangelos Pappas

    更新日期:2019-11-01
  • Sustained benefit of autologous matrix-induced chondrogenesis for hip cartilage repair in a recreational athletic population.
    Knee Surg. Sports Traumatol. Arthrosc. (IF 3.149) Pub Date : null
    Fritz Thorey,Michael-Alexander Malahias,Dimitrios Giotis

    PURPOSE To investigate the clinical outcome of autologous matrix-induced chondrogenesis (AMIC) implementation for mid-sized chondral lesions of the acetabulum in young active patients, and assess their potential to resume an active lifestyle including return to recreational athletic activities. METHODS Sixty-two patients with full-thickness mid-sized acetabular chondral lesions were studied. All patients who underwent an arthroscopic AMIC procedure for reconstruction of chondral defects were assessed pre-operatively and at least 2 years post-operatively using the Hip disability and Osteoarthritis Outcome Score (HOOS), modified Harris Hip Score (mHHS) and Visual Analog Scale (VAS) for pain. RESULTS A significant improvement in all three scores at the time of follow-up was found. The mean HOOS improved from 58.8 ± 7.4 pre-operatively to 90.6 ± 7.1 at follow-up (p < 0.001) while the mean mHHS improved from 53.4 ± 6.6 to 82.4 ± 8.2 (p < 0.001). There was a significant decrease from 4.9 ± 1.1 pre-operatively to 1.1 ± 0.8 post-operatively (p < 0.001) in the VAS pain evaluation, indicating that the patients were satisfied with their relief of pain. CONCLUSIONS The AMIC procedure is an effective single-stage technique for the reconstruction of mid-size chondral defects of acetabulum in amateur athletes. This intervention enhanced the potential for patients to resume recreational athletic activities and the 2-year clinical outcome as evaluated by the HOOS, mHHS and VAS showed significant improvement over the pre-operative evaluations.

    更新日期:2019-11-01
  • The unicompartmental knee is the preferred side in individuals with both a unicompartmental and total knee arthroplasty.
    Knee Surg. Sports Traumatol. Arthrosc. (IF 3.149) Pub Date : null
    Anatole Vilhelm Wiik,Dinesh Nathwani,Ahsan Akhtar,Bilal Al-Obaidi,Robin Strachan,Justin Peter Cobb

    PURPOSE To determine the preferred knee in patients with both one total and one unicompartmental knee arthroplasty. METHOD Patients simply with a unicompartmental (UKA) and total knee arthroplasty (TKA) on contralateral sides were retrospectively screened from three senior knee surgeon's logs over a 15 year period. Patients safe and free from other diseases to affect gait were approached. A total of 16 patients (mean age 70 ± 8) agreed to ground reaction force testing on an instrumented treadmill at a fair pace and incline. A gender-ratio identical group of 16 healthy control subjects (mean age 67 ± 10) and 16 patients with ipsilateral medial knee OA (mean age 66 ± 7) were analysed to compare. RESULTS Radiographically the mode preoperative Kellgren-Lawrence knee grade for each side was 3. Postoperatively, the TKA side had a mean coronal femoral component alignment of 7° and a mean tibial coronal alignment of 89° with a mean posterior slope of 5° in the sagittal plane. The UKA side had a mean coronal femoral component alignment of 7° and a mean tibial coronal alignment of 86° with a mean posterior slope of 4° in the sagittal plane. In 7 patients, the TKA was the first procedure, while 6 for the UKA and 3 done simultaneously. Gait analysis demonstrated in both walking conditions the UKA limb was the preferred side through all phases of loading (p < 0.05) and nearer to normal than the TKA limb when compared to healthy controls and patients with knee OA. The greatest difference was observed between the transition of weight acceptance and midstance (p = 0.008), when 22% more load was taken by the UKA side. CONCLUSION By using a dynamic metric of an everyday activity, a distinct gait difference between differing arthroplasty types were established. A more natural loading pattern can be achieved with unicompartmentals as compared to total knees. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE Retrospective comparative study, Level III.

    更新日期:2019-11-01
  • Transtibial fixation for medial meniscus posterior root tear reduces posterior extrusion and physiological translation of the medial meniscus in middle-aged and elderly patients.
    Knee Surg. Sports Traumatol. Arthrosc. (IF 3.149) Pub Date : null
    Yuya Kodama,Takayuki Furumatsu,Shin Masuda,Yoshiki Okazaki,Yusuke Kamatsuki,Yuki Okazaki,Takaaki Hiranaka,Shinichi Miyazawa,Masaharu Yasumitsu,Toshifumi Ozaki

    PURPOSE To investigate changes in meniscal extrusion during knee flexion before and after pullout fixation for medial meniscus posterior root tear (MMPRT) and determine whether these changes correlate with articular cartilage degeneration and short-term clinical outcomes. METHODS Twenty-two patients (mean age 58.4 ± 8.2 years) diagnosed with type II MMPRT underwent open magnetic resonance imaging preoperatively, 3 months after transtibial fixation and at 12 months after surgery, when second-look arthroscopy was also performed. The medial meniscus medial extrusion (MMME) and the medial meniscus posterior extrusion (MMPE) were measured at knee 10° and 90° flexion at which medial meniscus (MM) posterior translation was also calculated. Articular cartilage degeneration was assessed using International Cartilage Research Society grade at primary surgery and second-look arthroscopy. Clinical evaluations included Knee Injury and Osteoarthritis Outcome Score, International Knee Documentation Committee subjective knee evaluation form, Lysholm score, Tegner activity level scale, and pain visual analogue scale. RESULTS MMPE at 10° knee flexion was higher 12 months postoperatively than preoperatively (4.8 ± 1.5 vs. 3.5 ± 1.2, p = 0.01). MMPE at 90° knee flexion and MM posterior translation were smaller 12 months postoperatively than preoperatively (3.5 ± 1.1 vs. 4.6 ± 1.3, 7.2 ± 1.7 vs. 8.9 ± 2.0, p < 0.01). Articular cartilage degeneration of medial femoral condyle correlated with MMME in knee extension (r = 0.5, p = 0.04). All clinical scores significantly improved 12 months postoperatively. However, correlations of all clinical scores against decreased MMPE and increased MMME were not detected. CONCLUSIONS MMPRT transtibial fixation suppressed the progression of MMPE and cartilage degeneration and progressed MMME minimally in knee flexion position at 1 year. However, in the knee extension position, MMME progressed and correlated with cartilage degeneration of medial femoral condyle. MMPRT transtibial fixation contributes to the dynamic stability of the MM in the knee flexion position. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE IV.

    更新日期:2019-11-01
  • Increased preoperative medial and lateral laxity is a predictor of overcorrection in open wedge high tibial osteotomy.
    Knee Surg. Sports Traumatol. Arthrosc. (IF 3.149) Pub Date : null
    Jun-Gu Park,Jong-Min Kim,Bum-Sik Lee,Sang-Min Lee,Oh-Jin Kwon,Seong-Il Bin

    PURPOSE This study aimed at determining whether overcorrection after open wedge high tibial osteotomy (OWHTO) would be predicted by the magnitude of preoperative medial and lateral coronal soft tissue laxity around the knee joint. METHODS Overall, 68 knees of 62 patients who underwent OWHTO for primary medial osteoarthritis were retrospectively reviewed. The mechanical hip-knee-ankle (HKA) axis, weight-bearing line (WBL) ratio, medial proximal tibial angle (MPTA), joint line obliquity, coronal subluxation, and joint line convergence angle (JLCA) were measured on full-weight-bearing long-standing HKA radiographs preoperatively and at 1 year postoperatively. The varus valgus stress angle was measured on preoperative radiographs. The correction amount due to soft tissue factors was calculated as the difference between the WBL ratio on postoperative 1-year radiographs and that on virtually corrected preoperative radiographs with the same amount of MPTA at 1 year postoperatively. The patients were grouped according to the presence or absence of a ≥ 10% overcorrection of WBL ratio (overcorrection or expected correction). Multiple logistic regression analysis was performed to identify the preoperative risk factors of overcorrection. RESULTS The average WBL ratio was corrected from 19.0 ± 13.5% preoperatively to 61.6 ± 9.1% postoperatively (P < 0.001). The average MPTA changed from 85.1 ± 1.7° preoperatively to 93.6 ± 2.6° postoperatively, resulting in an average tibia correction angle of 8.6 ± 3.1°. The average estimated correction from soft tissue factors was 5.8 ± 7.4% of the WBL ratio. Soft tissue correction of the WBL ratio > 10% was confirmed in 17 patients (28%). The preoperative JLCA and valgus stress angle were significantly greater in the overcorrection group than in the expected correction group: 5.0 ± 1.7° vs. 3.4 ± 1.9° (P = 0.003) and 2.4 ± 1.0° vs. 1.3 ± 1.2° (P = 0.002), respectively. Among the radiologic parameters, the presence of both ≥ 4° JLCA and ≥ 1.5° valgus stress angle was the only significant risk factor for overcorrection from soft tissue factors (P = 0.006; odds ratio, 30.2). CONCLUSIONS The magnitude of both medial and lateral coronal soft tissue laxity was a predictor of overcorrection from soft tissue factors after OWHTO. Overcorrection was more likely to occur in cases with both ≥ 4° JLCA and ≥ 1.5° valgus stress angle. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE III.

    更新日期:2019-11-01
  • Oval femoral tunnel technique is superior to the conventional round femoral tunnel technique using the hamstring tendon in anatomical anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction.
    Knee Surg. Sports Traumatol. Arthrosc. (IF 3.149) Pub Date : null
    Zhenxing Wen,Hua Zhang,Wenlong Yan,Sheikh Ibrahimrashid Mohamed,Pei Zhao,Xiao Huang,Jian Zhang,Aiguo Zhou

    PURPOSE This study was conducted to compare the efficacy between the oval femoral tunnel technique and the conventional round femoral tunnel technique in ACL reconstruction using an autologous hamstring tendon on the basis of the postoperative clinical outcomes and ACL graft tendon maturity. The hypothesis was that ACL reconstruction performed using the oval femoral tunnel technique was better than that performed using the round femoral tunnel technique in clinical functions and graft maturity. METHODS One hundred and eight patients who underwent anatomical single-bundle ACL reconstruction were included in this study and the follow-up period was at least 2 years. Thirty-nine patients admitted between February and August in 2016 were included in the oval femoral tunnel group and 69 patients admitted between September 2016 and March 2017 were included in the round femoral tunnel group. The Lachman test result, pivot-shift test result, Lysholm score, IKDC score, and VAS score were used for the clinical evaluation. An objective assessment of anteroposterior stability was performed using a KT1000 arthrometer. Postoperative MRI was conducted to compare the ACL graft maturity differences between the oval femoral tunnel group and round femoral tunnel group, where the signal/noise quotient (SNQ) was calculated. In addition, second-look arthroscopy was conducted to compare the graft status and synovial coverage at 24 months postoperatively. RESULTS All the patients presented with significant improvement in all clinical scores from the preoperative period to the 24-month follow-up. During the postoperative follow-up period, no statistically significant differences were found between the two groups in terms of the VAS score, knee ROM, Lachman test results, and graft status determined in the second-look arthroscopic evaluation. The Lysholm score was 97.1 ± 3.9 and 94.8 ± 5.6 in the oval femoral tunnel group and round femoral tunnel group, respectively, at the 24-month follow-up (p = 0.031). The IKDC subjective score was 92.0 ± 2.6 and 89.0 ± 3.6 in the oval femoral tunnel group and round femoral tunnel group, respectively, at the end of the follow-up period (p < 0.001). Significantly more patients with 1-degree positive pivot-shift test results were observed in the round femoral tunnel group (10/65) than in the oval femoral tunnel group (1/37) at the end of the follow-up period (p = 0.048). The mean SNQ of the oval femoral tunnel group was 2.7 ± 0.9, which was significantly lower than that of the round femoral tunnel group (3.6 ± 1.1) at the 24-month postoperative follow-up (p < 0.001). CONCLUSIONS Based on the clinical evaluations, MRI findings and second-look arthroscopy results of the two groups, the oval femoral tunnel technique yielded significantly better knee function and knee laxity restoration and more mature ACL grafts than the round femoral tunnel technique, whereas no significant differences were found at the second-look arthroscopy. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE III.

    更新日期:2019-11-01
  • Correction of excessive intraarticular varus deformities in total knee arthroplasty is associated with deteriorated postoperative ankle function.
    Knee Surg. Sports Traumatol. Arthrosc. (IF 3.149) Pub Date : null
    Frank Graef,R Falk,S Tsitsilonis,C Perka,R K Zahn,H Hommel

    PURPOSE The aim of this study was to demonstrate, whether the degree of limb alignment correction in varus knee osteoarthritis correlated with an increase in ankle symptoms and to define a cut-off value concerning the degree of correction above which to expect ankle problems. METHODS Ninety-nine consecutive patients with preoperative intraarticular varus knee deformities who underwent total knee arthroplasty were retrospectively analyzed. Patients were examined clinically (Knee Society Score, Forgotten Joint Score, Foot Function Index, Range of Motion of the knee and ankle joint, pain scales) as well as radiologically. The mean follow-up time was 57 months. RESULTS The degree of operative limb alignment correction strongly correlated with the Foot Function Index (R = 0.91, p < 0.05). Given this, higher degrees of knee malalignment corrections were associated with worse postoperative outcomes in the knee and ankle joint-despite postoperative improved joint line orientations. Subsequently, a cut-off value for arthritic varus deformities (14.5°) could be calculated, above which the prevalence of ankle symptoms increased manifold [OR = 15.6 (3.2-77.2 95% CI p < 0.05)]. Furthermore, ROM restrictions in the subtalar joint were associated with a worse outcome in the ankle joint. CONCLUSIONS When correcting excessive intraarticular varus knee osteoarthritis, surgeons have to be aware of possible postoperative ankle symptoms and should consider ankle deformities or decreased subtalar ROM before operative procedures. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE III.

    更新日期:2019-11-01
  • The calcaneofibular ligament has distinct anatomic morphological variants: an anatomical cadaveric study.
    Knee Surg. Sports Traumatol. Arthrosc. (IF 3.149) Pub Date : null
    Bruno S Pereira,C Niek van Dijk,Renato Andrade,Ricardo P Casaroli-Marano,João Espregueira-Mendes,Xavier Martin Oliva

    PURPOSE The purpose of this study was to investigate if the calcaneofibular ligament (CFL) presents morphologic variants and measure the morphometrics of the ligament and its footprints METHODS: An anatomical study of 47 fresh-frozen below-the-knee ankle specimens was performed. Lateral ankle structures were dissected to expose the CFL. Overdissection was avoided to not modify the native morphology. The morphology (number and orientation of CFL bundles) and measurements of CFL insertions were recorded with ankle secured in neutral position. RESULTS Four distinct morphological-oriented shapes of the CFL were observed. These included single bundle, Y-shape double bundle, V-shape double bundle, and associated with the lateral talocalcaneal ligament. The most frequent CFL morphology observed was the single bundle and the Y-shape double bundle, present in 21 (44.7%) and 13 (27.7%) ankles. The V-shape double bundle and the CFL double bundle associated with the lateral talocalcaneal ligaments were less common, appearing only in eight (17.0%) and five (10.6%) ankles. The CFL length was higher in single bundle and Y-shaped double bundle CFL variants, about 30 mm each. Footprint morphometrics were heterogenous amongst the different CFL variants. CONCLUSION The CFL presents four distinct morphological-oriented shapes. The double bundle, V-shaped and Y-shaped CFL variants are uncommon and poorly reported in the literature. Their relation to the lateral talocalcaneal ligament and the inferior fascicle of the anterior talofibular ligament requires further research. The CFL morphology provides detailed knowledge of CFL anatomy that can improve diagnostic procedures. Furthermore, this information can fine-tune graft selection and sizing and allow a more precise anatomic placement during surgical reconstruction.

    更新日期:2019-11-01
  • Quadriceps tendon autograft ACL reconstructed subjects overshoot target knee extension angle during active proprioception testing.
    Knee Surg. Sports Traumatol. Arthrosc. (IF 3.149) Pub Date : null
    Hande Guney-Deniz,Gulcan Harput,Defne Kaya,John Nyland,Mahmut Nedim Doral

    PURPOSE To compare the active joint position sense (JPS), muscle strength, and knee functions in individuals who had anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction with quadriceps tendon autograft, hamstring tendon autograft, tibialis anterior allograft and healthy individuals. It was hypothesized that when compared to an age and gender-matched healthy control group, subjects who were post-ACL reconstruction would display impaired active joint position sense, knee extensor and flexor strength symmetry and knee function at 1 year post-surgery. A secondary hypothesis was that differences would exist between the quadriceps tendon autograft, hamstring tendon autograft and tibialis anterior allograft groups. METHODS Sixty-seven patients with ACL reconstruction and 20 healthy individuals were included. Active JPS reproduction was measured at 15°, 45° and 75° of knee flexion. International Knee Documentation Committee (IKDC) subjective score and one-leg hop test were used to assess the functional status of the patients. RESULTS The JPS detection was different at the 15° target angle between groups (F3.86 = 24.56, p < 0.001). A significantly higher proportion of quadriceps tendon autograft group patients failed to identify the 15° active JPS assessment position compared to the other groups (p < 0.0001). The quadriceps index was lower in patients compared to healthy individuals (p < 0.001), while the hamstring index was similar (n.s.). The knee functional outcomes were similar between ACL reconstructed groups and healthy controls (n.s.). CONCLUSION Knee proprioception deficits and impaired muscle strength were evident among patients at a mean 13.5 months post-ACL reconstruction compared with healthy controls. Patients who underwent ACL reconstruction using a quadriceps tendon autograft may be more likely to actively over-estimate knee position near terminal extension. Physiotherapists may need to focus greater attention on terminal knee extension proprioceptive awareness among this patient group. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE III.

    更新日期:2019-11-01
  • Injection with autologous conditioned serum has better clinical results than eccentric training for chronic Achilles tendinopathy.
    Knee Surg. Sports Traumatol. Arthrosc. (IF 3.149) Pub Date : 2019-03-23
    Lutz von Wehren,Kerstin Pokorny,Fabian Blanke,Jannis Sailer,Martin Majewski

    PURPOSE Chronic Achilles tendinopathy is one of the most common causes of malfunction and pain, which can lead to a significant reduction of the quality of life. The hypothesis of this study argues that autologous conditioned serum (i.e. Orthokine) injections in chronic midportion Achilles tendinopathy have a better outcome than eccentric training. METHODS This study investigates, retrospectively, the effects of peritendinous autologous conditioned serum injections as compared to standard eccentric training in 50 patients with chronic Achilles tendinopathy between 2012 and 2015. Before injection or eccentric training and 6 weeks, 12 weeks and 6 months thereafter, the patients were assessed by means of the VISA-A-G score (Victorian Institute of Sport Assessment-Achilles questionnaire-German). An MRI was also performed before and 6 months after injection and eccentric training. RESULTS Both patient groups had statistically significant better VISA-A-G scores after injection or eccentric training compared to the baseline before injection (90 vs 40, respectively, P < 0.001) or eccentric training (81 vs 47, respectively, P < 0.001). Comparing the baseline corrected VISA-A-G scores, patients in the autologous-conditioned-serum-group had significantly higher changes in VISA-A-G scores than the eccentric-training-group after 12 weeks (40 vs 36, P = 0.018) and 6 months (50 vs 34, P = 0.034). Both patient groups had statistically significant (P < 0.001) reduction of tendon thickness (autologous conditioned serum: 0.32; eccentric training: 0.24) and length of bursa (autologous conditioned serum: 0.24; eccentric training: 0.21) as well as significant (P < 0.001) improvement of tendon quality in MRI (autologous conditioned serum: 14 vs 1; eccentric training: 14 vs 2). There were no statistical differences in MRI-findings between the two groups. CONCLUSION Both therapies led to improvement of MRI-findings, including reduction of tendon thickness and tendon quality. Autologous-conditioned-serum-injections show greater clinical long-term benefit as compared to eccentric training and, therefore, offers a good alternative to eccentric training. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE Therapeutic studies, Level III.

    更新日期:2019-11-01
  • Matrix-associated stem cell transplantation is successful in treating talar osteochondral lesions.
    Knee Surg. Sports Traumatol. Arthrosc. (IF 3.149) Pub Date : 2019-03-20
    Evelyn P Murphy,Christopher Fenelon,Ciara Egan,Stephen R Kearns

    PURPOSE Osteochondral lesions (OCLs) of the talus are a challenging and increasingly recognized problem in chronic ankle pain. Many novel techniques exist to try and treat this challenging entity. Difficulties associated with treating OCLs include lesion location, size, chronicity, and problems associated with potential graft harvest sites. Matrix-associated stem cell transplantation (MAST) is one such treatment described for larger lesions > 15 mm2 or failed alternative therapies. This cohort study describes a 3 year review of the outcomes of talar lesions treated with MAST. METHODS A review of all patients treated with MAST by a single surgeon was conducted. Pre-operative radiographs, MRIs, and FAOS outcome questionnaire scores were reviewed. Intraoperative classification was undertaken to correlate with imaging. Post-operative outcomes included FAOS scores, return to sport, revision surgery/failure of treatment, and progression to ankle fusion. RESULTS In this study, 38 OCLs in 32 patients were identified. Median patient age was 35 years of which (68.8%) were male. Median length of follow-up was 36.7 months (range 12-64 months). (83%) returned to playing sport. Twenty-three patients underwent MAST in the setting of a failed previous operative attempt, with just nine having MAST as a first option. Nine patients out of 32 had a further procedure. Improvements were seen in all domains of the FAOS (p < 0.05). CONCLUSION MAST has demonstrated encouraging results in lesions which prove challenging to treat, even in a "failed microfracture" cohort. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE IV.

    更新日期:2019-11-01
  • Arthroscopic microfracture vs. arthroscopic autologous matrix-induced chondrogenesis for the treatment of articular cartilage defects of the talus.
    Knee Surg. Sports Traumatol. Arthrosc. (IF 3.149) Pub Date : 2018-11-06
    Christoph Becher,Michael Alexander Malahias,Moataz Mahmoud Ali,Nicola Maffulli,Hajo Thermann

    PURPOSE Microfracture is an established method to treat osteochondral defects of the talus. The value of the addition of an acellular matrix is still under debate. This study compared the results of arthroscopic microfracture vs. arthroscopic autologous matrix-induced chondrogenesis using a collagen I/III matrix (AMIC) in the management of articular cartilage defects of the talus. METHODS Patients with a minimum follow-up of 5 years after arthroscopic management for an articular cartilage defect of the talus with either microfracture alone or an additional acellular matrix were matched according to age, sex and BMI. The Hannover Scoring System for the ankle (HSS) and a Visual analog scale (VAS) for pain, function and satisfaction were used to evaluate the clinical outcome. Postoperative MRI was used to assess cartilage repair tissue based on the degree of defect repair and filling of the defect, integration to border zone, surface of the repair tissue, structure of the repair tissue, and subchondral bone alterations. RESULTS Thirty-two patients (16 microfracture, 16 AMIC) were included. No significant between-group differences were observed in demographic data and preoperative score values. Both groups showed statistically significant improvement when comparing the pre- and postoperative score values. No statistically significant differences were identified between the median values of the groups with the HSS (microfracture: 82 (range 71-96) points; AMIC 88 (range 40-98) points). Accordingly, no significant differences were observed for the VAS pain (microfracture: 0.95 (range 0-3.8); AMIC: 1.0 (range 0-8.5)), VAS function (microfracture: 8.4 (range 3.5-10); AMIC: 9.0 (range 1.5-10)) and VAS satisfaction (microfracture: 8.9 (range 2.8-10); AMIC: 9.45 (range 1.5-10)). MRI showed regeneration of tissue in the treated area without differences between the two groups. CONCLUSION Good clinical results were observed for arthroscopic microfracture with or without an additional acellular collagen I/III matrix in the treatment for articular cartilage defects of the talus. It appears that for defects as treated in this study, it is not worthwhile adding the collagen I/III matrix to the microfractures. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE III.

    更新日期:2019-11-01
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