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  • Smartphone use as a possible risk factor for myopia
    Clin. Exp. Optom. (IF 1.559) Pub Date : 2020-05-25
    Saoirse McCrann; James Loughman; John S Butler; Nabin Paudel; Daniel Ian Flitcroft

    This study demonstrates an association between myopia and smartphone data usage. Youths now spend more time participating in near tasks as a result of smartphone usage. This poses an additional risk factor for myopia development/progression and is an important research question in relation to potential myopia management strategies.

    更新日期:2020-05-25
  • The ocular surface, coronaviruses and COVID-19.
    Clin. Exp. Optom. (IF 1.559) Pub Date : 2020-05-13
    Mark Dp Willcox,Karen Walsh,Jason J Nichols,Philip B Morgan,Lyndon W Jones

    The ocular surface has been suggested as a site of infection with Coronavirus-2 (SARS-CoV-2) responsible for the coronavirus disease-19 (COVID-19). This review examines the evidence for this hypothesis, and its implications for clinical practice. Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus-2 (SARS-CoV-2), responsible for the COVID-19 pandemic, is transmitted by person-to-person contact, via airborne

    更新日期:2020-05-13
  • Low-contrast visual acuity versus low-luminance visual acuity in choroideremia.
    Clin. Exp. Optom. (IF 1.559) Pub Date : 2020-05-05
    Laura J Wood,Jasleen K Jolly,Colm D Andrews,Iain R Wilson,Doron Hickey,Jasmina Cehajic-Kapetanovic,Robert E MacLaren

    CLINICAL RELEVANCE Choroideremia is a progressive X-linked inherited rod-cone dystrophy. Patients present with nyctalopia and progressive visual field loss, but visual acuity remains well preserved early on. This study showed that low-luminance visual acuity may be a useful clinical outcome measure during earlier disease stages. BACKGROUND Choroideremia is a progressive X-linked inherited rod-cone

    更新日期:2020-05-05
  • Gender and ethnic differences in pterygium prevalence: an audit of remote Australian clinics.
    Clin. Exp. Optom. (IF 1.559) Pub Date : 2020-05-04
    Aisling B McGlacken-Byrne,Jocelyn J Drinkwater,David A Mackey,Angus W Turner

    CLINICAL RELEVANCE Developing an accurate picture of the demographic profile and refractive status of Aboriginal and non-Aboriginal individuals with pterygium will facilitate health planning and appropriate deployment of health-care resources in rural Australia. BACKGROUND To date, there is a paucity of reports in the literature regarding Aboriginal ocular health and refractive error. This study examines

    更新日期:2020-05-04
  • Nutrition knowledge and dietary patterns in ophthalmic patients.
    Clin. Exp. Optom. (IF 1.559) Pub Date : 2020-05-04
    Samuel B Boadi-Kusi,Edward Asiamah,Stephen Ocansey,Sampson L Abu

    CLINICAL SIGNIFICANCE Ophthalmic nutrition education programs and good dietary patterns are of considerable significance to ocular health outcomes. BACKGROUND The study aimed at assessing the level of ophthalmic nutrition knowledge and to compare the dietary patterns between different ophthalmic patients. METHODS Four hundred and ninety-two adults (mean age 54.7 ± 19.4 years) receiving care at three

    更新日期:2020-05-04
  • Contact lens-related corneal infection in Australia.
    Clin. Exp. Optom. (IF 1.559) Pub Date : 2020-05-04
    Fiona Stapleton

    Microbial keratitis is a rare but potentially severe sight-threatening condition, associated with societal burden, cost and morbidity. Compared with microbial keratitis without lens wear, the disease in contact lens wear is more common, occurs at an earlier age, has lower morbidity and is more often caused by Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Acanthamoeba spp. Resistance to common antibiotics is infrequent

    更新日期:2020-05-04
  • Efficacy and safety of a soft contact lens to control myopia progression.
    Clin. Exp. Optom. (IF 1.559) Pub Date : 2020-04-27
    Alba M Garcia-Del Valle,Vanesa Blázquez,Juan Gros-Otero,Mónica Infante,Antonio Culebras,Antonio Verdejo,Javier Sebastián,Marcos García,Sara Bueno,David P Piñero

    CLINICAL RELEVANCE The control of myopia progression is currently considered an evidence-based therapeutic need. BACKGROUND To determine the efficacy and safety of the Esencia lens, a new soft contact lens (SCL) designed to slow down myopia progression in paediatric patients. METHODS This study was a randomised, parallel, double-masked clinical trial. Seventy myopic (-0.50 to -8.75 D) boys and girls

    更新日期:2020-04-27
  • Twenty years of silicone hydrogel contact lenses: a personal perspective.
    Clin. Exp. Optom. (IF 1.559) Pub Date : 2020-05-01
    Nathan Efron

    After more than a decade of intensive research and development, two spherical‐design silicone hydrogel contact lenses were introduced into the market around the dawn of the millennium – Focus Night & Day (CIBA Vision) and PureVision (Bausch & Lomb).1 Actually, this was a phased release; these lenses were made available to select practitioners on a limited basis in 1998 in some countries, followed by

    更新日期:2020-04-26
  • Corrigendum.
    Clin. Exp. Optom. (IF 1.559) Pub Date : 2020-05-01

    The publisher would like to draw the reader's attention to an error in the following article: Harrington SC, O'Dwyer V. Ocular biometry, refraction and time spent outdoors during daylight in Irish schoolchildren. Clin Exp Optom 2020; 103: 167–176. Under the “Axial length” section, equation 1 is wrong. The correct equation should read: Axial length = 23.41 – 0.4 (SER). The authors apologise for this

    更新日期:2020-04-26
  • Concerns regarding Indian prosthetic eye wearers.
    Clin. Exp. Optom. (IF 1.559) Pub Date : 2020-04-23
    Hiral Korani,Keith R Pine,Meenakshi Sood,Akshita Vyas

    CLINICAL RELEVANCE Loss of an eye has a negative impact on the psychological health of a person. BACKGROUND The aims are to: (a) identify the concerns of experienced prosthetic eye wearers in representative areas of India; (b) investigate how they change over time; (c) study how some demographic characteristics influence concerns; and (d) compare prosthetic eye concerns in India versus Germany and

    更新日期:2020-04-2