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  • Motivational Interviewing: as Easy as It Looks?
    Curr. Psychiatry Rep. (IF 3.816) Pub Date : 2020-05-28
    David S. Prescott

    Purpose of Review This paper explores how motivational interviewing (MI) can be useful to practitioners working with people who have sexually abused. Research has found that the most effective practitioners working with these clients are warm, empathic, rewarding, and directive. Putting these characteristics into practice, however, can be challenging for professionals in treatment settings. Despite

    更新日期:2020-05-28
  • Ecological Studies of Sleep Disturbances During Suicidal Crises.
    Curr. Psychiatry Rep. (IF 3.816) Pub Date : 2020-05-14
    Laurent Stephane Chaïb,Alejandro Porras Segovia,Enrique Baca-Garcia,Jorge Lopez-Castroman

    PURPOSE OF REVIEW Several reviews and metanalyses have shown that sleep disturbances, such as insomnia and nightmares, can predict suicidal ideations and behaviors. Common physio-pathological pathways may explain this relationship. However, only in recent years, some research groups have tried to apply this knowledge in the quest for a reliable tool of suicide risk prediction. We aim to describe in

    更新日期:2020-05-14
  • The Relationship Between Physical and Mental Health Outcomes in Children Exposed to Disasters.
    Curr. Psychiatry Rep. (IF 3.816) Pub Date : 2020-05-13
    Erika Felix,Sonia Rubens,Erin Hambrick

    PURPOSE OF REVIEW This paper reviews literature on the influence of disaster exposure on the intersection between physical and mental health in children, including risk and protective factors. We provide an update on recent studies and conclude with recommendations for future research. RECENT FINDINGS The limited existing research on this topic suggests that disasters can influence short and long-term

    更新日期:2020-05-13
  • Virtual Reality Therapy in Social Anxiety Disorder.
    Curr. Psychiatry Rep. (IF 3.816) Pub Date : 2020-05-13
    Paul M G Emmelkamp,Katharina Meyerbröker,Nexhmedin Morina

    PURPOSE OF REVIEW This review provides an overview of current methods and important aspects to consider when applying virtual worlds in the treatment of social anxiety disorder (SAD). RECENT FINDINGS Different aspects such as dialogs between avatars and patients have been investigated as well as virtual audiences, emotional facial expression, and verbal interaction with avatars. Results of these studies

    更新日期:2020-05-13
  • Medical Ethics Issues in Dementia and End of Life.
    Curr. Psychiatry Rep. (IF 3.816) Pub Date : 2020-05-09
    William Allen

    PURPOSE OF REVIEW I review ethical and legal challenges for end of life (EOL) care in dementia. Is access to hospice care for dementia patients impacted by Medicare's terminal prognosis requirement? Are dementia-specific advance directives warranted? How does state legislation affect dementia patients' EOL options? Should dementia patients' be able to refuse orally ingested food and fluids by advance

    更新日期:2020-05-09
  • Men With Intellectual Disabilities Who Have Offended Sexually.
    Curr. Psychiatry Rep. (IF 3.816) Pub Date : 2020-05-07
    Gerry D Blasingame,J Russell York

    PURPOSE OF REVIEW We review extant and new research focusing on assessment and treatment of men with intellectual disabilities (ID) who have offended sexually. New research findings are applied and integrated with classic assessment and treatment approaches, providing an overview of evidence-based practices. RECENT FINDINGS New research has explored healthy sexuality among people with intellectual

    更新日期:2020-05-07
  • Culturally Responsive Approaches for Addressing ADHD Within Multi-tiered Systems of Support.
    Curr. Psychiatry Rep. (IF 3.816) Pub Date : 2020-05-07
    Quennie Dong,Byron Garcia,Andy V Pham,Michelle Cumming

    PURPOSE OF REVIEW Limited work has emphasized cultural responsiveness when working with families and children with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) from diverse backgrounds. We present a primer for psychiatrists, psychologists, and other mental health professionals on the implementation of culturally responsive practices within a multi-tiered system of support (MTSS) framework when collaborating

    更新日期:2020-05-07
  • Treatment Options for Fear of Blushing.
    Curr. Psychiatry Rep. (IF 3.816) Pub Date : 2020-05-07
    Peter D Drummond,Graeme B Shapiro,Milica Nikolić,Susan M Bögels

    PURPOSE OF REVIEW To review mechanisms of blushing and fear of blushing from physiological, neuropharmacological and psychological viewpoints, and to evaluate current forms of treatment for blushing-related fear. RECENT FINDINGS Blushing appears to be driven primarily by sympathetic adrenomedullary and neural vasodilator discharge, possibly in association with secondary neurovascular inflammation.

    更新日期:2020-05-07
  • Pharmacotherapy of Sexual Addiction.
    Curr. Psychiatry Rep. (IF 3.816) Pub Date : 2020-05-07
    Leo Malandain,Jean-Victor Blanc,Florian Ferreri,Florence Thibaut

    PURPOSE OF REVIEW We reviewed recent data on sexual addiction and its treatment. We examined the different definitions of this disorder, related to the pathophysiological mechanisms. We addressed the pharmacological treatment of sexual addiction. RECENT FINDINGS Hypersexual behavior can be considered an addictive disorder. Sexual addiction is accompanied by significant psychiatric and addictive comorbidities

    更新日期:2020-05-07
  • Pharmacogenomics: an Update for Child and Adolescent Psychiatry.
    Curr. Psychiatry Rep. (IF 3.816) Pub Date : 2020-05-06
    Lisa B Namerow,Sophia A Walker,Mirela Loftus,Jeffrey R Bishop,Gualberto Ruaño,Salma Malik

    PURPOSE OF REVIEW This paper aims to acquaint child and adolescent psychiatrists with the field of pharmacogenomics (PGX) and review the most up-to-date evidence-based practices to guide the application of this field in clinical care. RECENT FINDINGS Despite much research being done in this area, the field of PGX continues to yield controversial findings. In the adult world, studies have focused on

    更新日期:2020-05-06