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  • Reciprocal links between anxiety sensitivity and obsessive–compulsive symptoms in youth: a longitudinal twin study
    J. Child Psychol. Psyc. (IF 6.129) Pub Date : 2020-01-16
    G. Krebs; L.J. Hannigan; A.M. Gregory; F.V. Rijsdijk; T.C. Eley

    Anxiety sensitivity, the tendency to fear the symptoms of anxiety, is a key risk factor for the development anxiety disorders. Although obsessive–compulsive disorder was previously classified as an anxiety disorder, the prospective relationship between anxiety sensitivity and obsessive–compulsive symptoms (OCS) has been largely overlooked. Furthermore, a lack of genetically informative studies means the aetiology of the link between anxiety sensitivity and OCS remains unclear.

    更新日期:2020-01-17
  • Harmonizing behavioral outcomes across studies, raters, and countries: application to the genetic analysis of aggression in the ACTION Consortium
    J. Child Psychol. Psyc. (IF 6.129) Pub Date : 2020-01-16
    Justin M. Luningham; Anne M. Hendriks; Eva Krapohl; Hill Fung Ip; Catharina E.M. van Beijsterveldt; Sebastian Lundström; Eero Vuoksimaa; Tellervo Korhonen; Paul Lichtenstein; Robert Plomin; Lea Pulkkinen; Richard J. Rose; Jaakko Kaprio; Meike Bartels; Dorret I. Boomsma; Gitta H. Lubke

    Aggression in children has genetic and environmental causes. Studies of aggression can pool existing datasets to include more complex models of social effects. Such analyses require large datasets with harmonized outcome measures. Here, we made use of a reference panel for phenotype data to harmonize multiple aggression measures in school‐aged children to jointly analyze data from five large twin cohorts.

    更新日期:2020-01-17
  • Commentary: Microbial panaceas. Does development have the answer? Reflections on Cowan, Dinan, & Cryan (2019)
    J. Child Psychol. Psyc. (IF 6.129) Pub Date : 2020-01-15
    Bridget Callaghan

    Is the microbiome a promising adjunct, a potential panacea, or a distraction from feasible treatments for neurodevelopmental disorders? Taking a developmental approach may get us closer to understanding the data and give us pause in trying to translate this nascent field to the clinic right now.

    更新日期:2020-01-16
  • Infant domestic adoption: outcomes at mid‐life
    J. Child Psychol. Psyc. (IF 6.129) Pub Date : 2020-01-14
    Rukmen Sehmi; Alan Rushton; Andrew Pickles; Margaret Grant; Barbara Maughan

    Adoption studies can cast light on environmental influences on development, but heterogeneity in preplacement experiences often complicates interpretation of findings.

    更新日期:2020-01-14
  • Toward precision therapeutics: general and specific factors differentiate symptom change in depressed adolescents
    J. Child Psychol. Psyc. (IF 6.129) Pub Date : 2020-01-12
    Madison Aitken; John D. Haltigan; Peter Szatmari; Bernadka Dubicka; Peter Fonagy; Raphael Kelvin; Nick Midgley; Shirley Reynolds; Paul O. Wilkinson; Ian M. Goodyer

    The longitudinal course of multiple symptom domains in adolescents treated for major depression is not known. Revealing the temporal course of general and specific psychopathology factors, including potential differences between psychotherapies, may aid therapeutic decision‐making.

    更新日期:2020-01-13
  • Commentary: Enabling efficient and full application of prevention strategies for population mental health — reflections on Dodge 2020
    J. Child Psychol. Psyc. (IF 6.129) Pub Date : 2020-01-12
    Patrick Tolan

    Dodge (2020) provides a challenging and compelling formulation for more systematic determination of prevention component selection. The essay reminds us that population impact should be front and center in prevention specifically and public health organization in general. Dodge brings forth numerous issues in the science and the application of knowledge about prevention that warrant more research support and study. These issues include the need to recognize the existence of and increase the number of proven programs, the need for better and more extensive knowledge about impact variation across populations, and more attention to strengths and capabilities as guides for prevention. His essay also reminds us of the nuance and complexities in attempting to compare effect sizes and cost–benefit ratios of universal versus selective efforts. In addition, he provides compelling rationale for formalization of how prevention is organized and implemented in local community efforts. Further, in refocusing on the centrality of population effects in intervention application, Dodge also reminds us of the attendant principles of health equity and social justice in how we implement and judge the benefits of interventions. This essay provides a compelling argument for a strategy to realize the potential of the accumulating evidence of prevention as vital for addressing mental health and development.

    更新日期:2020-01-13
  • Commentary: A challenge for a higher bar in research on childhood trauma: reflections on Danese 2019
    J. Child Psychol. Psyc. (IF 6.129) Pub Date : 2020-01-09
    Cathy S. Widom

    While there have been major advances in documenting the consequences of childhood adversities for psychopathology, Professor Danese's excellent paper challenges existing theory and research methods, urging the field to move ahead with future research that overcomes existing limitations. Importantly, he reminds us of the methodological caveats necessary to consider when assessing the body of evidence for causal effects of childhood trauma and urges caution in interpreting the ACEs literature. This editorial calls attention to and elaborates on a number of issues, including (a) why prospective and retrospective data cannot be used interchangeably; (b) the need for researchers to distinguish among childhood adversities, childhood traumas, and childhood maltreatment; (c) the sparse attention at present to the role of pre‐existing vulnerabilities in influencing assessments of the risk of psychopathology; and (d) the critical importance of contextual factors (e.g., age, sex, race, ethnicity, and social class) that are likely to influence the risk of psychopathology. Professor Danese argues for the use of new analytic strategies to advance the field. This editorial elaborates on this recommendation and calls attention to the use of machine learning techniques that may be particularly worthwhile for the child maltreatment field, where there is little psychometric research on measures.

    更新日期:2020-01-11
  • The role of maternal anxiety disorder subtype, parenting and infant stable temperamental inhibition in child anxiety: a prospective longitudinal study
    J. Child Psychol. Psyc. (IF 6.129) Pub Date : 2020-01-08
    Peter J. Lawrence; Cathy Creswell; Peter J. Cooper; Lynne Murray

    Social anxiety disorder (SAD) aggregates in families. To elucidate intergenerational transmission of risk, we examined whether childhood SAD and symptoms of anxiety were prospectively predicted by stable infant temperamental inhibition, maternal SAD, maternal generalized anxiety disorder (GAD) and maternal parenting behaviours.

    更新日期:2020-01-09
  • Preventive intervention for trauma reactions in young injured children: results of a multi‐site randomised controlled trial
    J. Child Psychol. Psyc. (IF 6.129) Pub Date : 2020-01-08
    Ann‐Christin Haag; Markus A. Landolt; Justin A. Kenardy; Clemens M. Schiestl; Roy M. Kimble; Alexandra C. De Young

    Young children are at particular risk for injury. Ten per cent to twenty‐five per cent develop posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). However, no empirically supported preventive interventions exist. Therefore, this study evaluated the efficacy of a standardised targeted preventive intervention for PTSD in young injured children.

    更新日期:2020-01-08
  • Commentary: Do we need new parenting programmes for different cultural groups or should we adapt those that already exist: a commentary on Ward et al. (2019)
    J. Child Psychol. Psyc. (IF 6.129) Pub Date : 2020-01-07
    Margaret Thompson; Catherine Thompson

    This paper By Ward et al. (Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 2019) in the issue of the JCPP, is an excellent example of preparing a new programme for parents with children at high risk of present and future behaviour problems. It was to be delivered in a very deprived population in a township in South Africa. We discuss the paper but also raise questions about developing new programmes when they are already successful programmes available and discuss whether it is time for programme developers to meet to discuss what works best and for whom.

    更新日期:2020-01-08
  • Prenatal exposure to polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons modifies the effects of early life stress on attention and Thought Problems in late childhood
    J. Child Psychol. Psyc. (IF 6.129) Pub Date : 2020-01-07
    David Pagliaccio; Julie B. Herbstman; Frederica Perera; Deliang Tang; Jeff Goldsmith; Bradley S. Peterson; Virginia Rauh; Amy E. Margolis

    Risk for childhood psychopathology is complex and multifactorial, implicating direct and interacting effects of familial and environmental factors. The role of environmental neurotoxicants in psychiatric risk is of growing concern, including polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAH), common in air pollution. Prenatal PAH exposure is linked to adverse physical, behavioral, and cognitive outcomes as well as increasing psychiatric risk. It is unclear whether environmental exposures, like PAH, magnify the effects of exposure to early life stress (ELS), a critical risk factor for psychopathology. The current work aimed to test potential interactions between prenatal PAH exposure and psychosocial/socioeconomic stress on psychiatric symptoms in school‐age children.

    更新日期:2020-01-07
  • Less imitation of arbitrary actions is a specific developmental precursor to callous–unemotional traits in early childhood
    J. Child Psychol. Psyc. (IF 6.129) Pub Date : 2020-01-05
    Nicholas J. Wagner; Rebecca Waller; Megan Flom; Samuel Ronfard; Susan Fenstermacher; Kimberly Saudino

    Callous–unemotional (CU) traits in early childhood explain heterogeneity within conduct problems and are associated with higher risk for later diagnoses of childhood disruptive behavior disorders and antisocial behavior in adulthood. Emerging research implicates impairments in affiliative processes in the etiology of CU traits. The current study tests whether the imitation of intentional actions with no functional significance –a behavior that supports the acquisition of social conventions and affiliative bonds, is a specific developmental precursor to CU traits in early childhood.

    更新日期:2020-01-06
  • Structural neural markers of response to cognitive behavioral therapy in pediatric obsessive‐compulsive disorder
    J. Child Psychol. Psyc. (IF 6.129) Pub Date : 2019-12-31
    David Pagliaccio; Jiook Cha; Xiaofu He; Marilyn Cyr; Paula Yanes‐Lukin; Pablo Goldberg; Martine Fontaine; Moira A. Rynn; Rachel Marsh

    Cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) is an effective, first‐line treatment for pediatric obsessive‐compulsive disorder (OCD). While neural predictors of treatment outcomes have been identified in adults with OCD, robust predictors are lacking for pediatric patients. Herein, we sought to identify brain structural markers of CBT response in youth with OCD.

    更新日期:2019-12-31
  • Girls' brain structural connectivity in late adolescence relates to history of depression symptoms
    J. Child Psychol. Psyc. (IF 6.129) Pub Date : 2019-12-26
    Rajpreet Chahal; David G. Weissman; Scott Marek; Shawn A. Rhoads; Alison E. Hipwell; Erika E. Forbes; Kate Keenan; Amanda E. Guyer

    Girls’ depressive symptoms typically increase in adolescence, with individual differences in course and severity being key risk factors for impaired emotional functioning in young adulthood. Given the continued brain white matter (WM) maturation that occurs in adolescence, the present study tested whether structural connectivity patterns in late adolescence are associated with variation in the course of depression symptom severity throughout adolescence.

    更新日期:2019-12-27
  • Pupil dilation during visuospatial orienting differentiates between autism spectrum disorder and attention‐deficit/hyperactivity disorder
    J. Child Psychol. Psyc. (IF 6.129) Pub Date : 2019-12-18
    Sara Boxhoorn; Nico Bast; Hans Supèr; Leonie Polzer; Hannah Cholemkery; Christine M. Freitag

    Previous research demonstrated atypical attention in children with attention‐deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and autism spectrum disorder (ASD). Regarding visual orienting, findings suggest a differential impairment: Atypical orienting to relatively unexpected targets in ASD, and atypical processing of alerting cues in ADHD. The locus coeruleus‐norepinephrine (LC‐NE) system plays an important role in exploiting alerting cues to increase attention and task performance. The present study’s aim was to examine differential subcortical processes underlying visual orienting in ASD and ADHD with pupil dilation (PD) as index of LC activity.

    更新日期:2019-12-19
  • Associations between conduct problems in childhood and adverse outcomes in emerging adulthood: a longitudinal Swedish nationwide twin cohort
    J. Child Psychol. Psyc. (IF 6.129) Pub Date : 2019-12-18
    Paul Lichtenstein; Martin Cederlöf; Sebastian Lundström; Brian M. D'Onofrio; Henrik Anckarsäter; Henrik Larsson; Erik Pettersson

    We examined whether childhood conduct problems predicted a wide range of adverse outcomes in emerging adulthood and whether the association with internalizing problems remained after adjusting for general comorbidity and externalizing problems.

    更新日期:2019-12-19
  • From man to fly – convergent evidence links FBXO25 to ADHD and comorbid psychiatric phenotypes
    J. Child Psychol. Psyc. (IF 6.129) Pub Date : 2019-12-17
    Benjamin Harich; Marieke Klein; Charlotte W. Ockeloen; Monique van der Voet; Marlies Schimmel‐Naber; Nicole de Leeuw; Annette Schenck; Barbara Franke

    Mental disorders, including Attention‐Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), have a complex etiology, and identification of underlying genetic risk factors is challenging. This study used a multistep approach to identify and validate a novel risk gene for ADHD and psychiatric comorbidity.

    更新日期:2019-12-18
  • Randomized controlled trial of family‐focused treatment for child depression compared to individual psychotherapy: one‐year outcomes
    J. Child Psychol. Psyc. (IF 6.129) Pub Date : 2019-12-15
    Joan Rosenbaum Asarnow; Martha C. Tompson; Alexandra M. Klomhaus; Kalina Babeva; David A. Langer; Catherine A. Sugar

    Childhood‐onset depression is associated with increased risk of recurrent depression and high morbidity extending into adolescence and adulthood. This multisite randomized controlled trial evaluated two active psychosocial treatments for childhood depression: family‐focused treatment for childhood depression (FFT‐CD) and individual supportive psychotherapy (IP). Aims were to describe effects through 52 weeks postrandomization on measures of depression, functioning, nondepressive symptoms, and harm events.

    更新日期:2019-12-17
  • Commentary: A commentary on van IJzendoorn and colleagues’ (2019) Umbrella Synthesis of Meta‐Analyses on Child Maltreatment Antecedents and Interventions for Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry's Annual Research Review
    J. Child Psychol. Psyc. (IF 6.129) Pub Date : 2019-12-12
    Todd I. Herrenkohl

    This commentary refers to research by IJzendoorn and colleagues (2019), who conducted an umbrella synthesis on child maltreatment antecedents and interventions. Comments that I offer underscore the valuable contribution of this work for ongoing research, policy, and practice relevant to the etiology and prevention of child maltreatment. The synthesis brings clarity to a growing and diverse body of scholarship and draws attention to gaps in the literature that must be addressed if to advance well‐designed and theoretically robust interventions, and to more rapidly bring promising programs to scale. The work presented by the authors is timely and persuasive, offering important insights and guidance that will be appreciated by the journal’s readership.

    更新日期:2019-12-13
  • Editorial Perspective: Childhood maltreatment – the problematic unisex assumption
    J. Child Psychol. Psyc. (IF 6.129) Pub Date : 2019-12-11
    Jordon D. White; Arie Kaffman

    Childhood maltreatment (CM) is a heterogeneous group of childhood adversities that can range from different forms of abuse (physical, sexual, emotional) or neglect (physical, emotional, cognitive), to severe bullying by peers. With an annual estimated cost of $500 billion in the United States alone, CM is recognized as one of the most significant risk factors for a range of psychiatric and medical conditions (White and Kaffman, 2019). Further, rates of numerous psychiatric, neurological, and medical conditions differ significantly between males and females (Gillies and McArthur, 2010), inspiring decades of research on how sex moderates consequences of CM (Gershon et al., 2008). Although vulnerability to CM has been reported to vary by sex, very few findings have been consistent across studies. Moreover, most work to date has focused on how sex alters the frequencies of different psychopathologies in maltreated individuals, with little attention to whether different developmental processes may underlie these psychopathologies in males and females (White and Kaffman, 2019). The primary goal of this editorial was to advocate for more effective research strategies to address these questions. We first examine the rationale for studying sex as an important moderator of consequences of CM, briefly summarize some of the most consistent clinical findings, and discuss the implications of sex in treatment response. We then highlight important obstacles that contribute to the large number of inconsistent findings and make five recommendations on how to move forward.

    更新日期:2019-12-13
  • The pupil: a window on social automatic processing in autism spectrum disorder children
    J. Child Psychol. Psyc. (IF 6.129) Pub Date : 2019-12-11
    Nadia Aguillon‐Hernandez, Yassine Mofid, Marianne Latinus, Laetitia Roché, Maria Rosa Bufo, Mathieu Lemaire, Joëlle Malvy, Joëlle Martineau, Claire Wardak, Frédérique Bonnet‐Brilhault

    Faces are crucial social stimuli, eliciting automatic processing associated with increased physiological arousal in observers. The level of arousal can be indexed by pupil diameter (the ‘Event‐Related Pupil Dilation’, ERPD). However, many parameters could influence the arousal evoked by a face and its social saliency (e.g. virtual vs. real, neutral vs. emotional, static vs. dynamic). A few studies have shown an atypical ERPD in autism spectrum disorder (ASD) patients using several kinds of faces but no study has focused on identifying which parameter of the stimulus is the most interfering with face processing in ASD.

    更新日期:2019-12-11
  • Commentary: Reducing adolescent suicide: a global imperative – A reflection on Glenn et al. (2019)
    J. Child Psychol. Psyc. (IF 6.129) Pub Date : 2019-12-09
    David A. Brent

    Glenn and colleagues have examined rates of adolescent suicide across 45 countries and explored the role of sex, age, rurality and availability of guns and railways on suicide rates. Higher rates of adolescent suicide in New Zealand may be explained by the very high rate of adolescent suicide in young Maoris. Future work could be enhanced by reporting on national trends in suicide, reporting on rates broken down by race and ethnicity, and through the development of international psychological autopsy studies that could shed light on cross‐country differences. While this article found that income inequality was correlated with the male‐to‐female ratio of adolescent suicide across countries, the opposite trend has been reported in the United States. However, as noted by this article, the effects of poverty matter. The Move To Opportunity study found that when youth under the age of 13 were moved from a high poverty to a low poverty neighbourhood, there were enduring effects, including lower levels of depression and anxiety. While adolescent suicide is a global concern, reduction in the suicide rate may have local solutions, including those that address the pernicious effects of poverty and poor neighbourhoods on youth.

    更新日期:2019-12-11
  • Association between environmental tobacco smoke exposure across the first four years of life and manifestation of externalizing behavior problems in school‐aged children
    J. Child Psychol. Psyc. (IF 6.129) Pub Date : 2019-12-03
    Lisa Gatzke‐Kopp, Michael T. Willoughby, Siri Warkentien, Daniel Petrie, Roger Mills‐Koonce, Clancy Blair

    Extensive literature in human and animal models has documented an association between maternal smoking during pregnancy and externalizing behavior in offspring. It remains unclear; however, the extent to which postnatal environmental smoke exposure is associated with behavioral development, particularly for children whose mothers did not smoke during pregnancy. The present study examined whether magnitude of exposure to environmental smoke across the first four years of life demonstrated a linear association with later externalizing symptoms.

    更新日期:2019-12-04
  • Effects of a scalable home‐visiting intervention on child development in slums of urban India: evidence from a randomised controlled trial
    J. Child Psychol. Psyc. (IF 6.129) Pub Date : 2019-12-03
    Alison Andrew, Orazio Attanasio, Britta Augsburg, Monimalika Day, Sally Grantham‐McGregor, Costas Meghir, Fardina Mehrin, Smriti Pahwa, Marta Rubio‐Codina

    An estimated 63.4 million Indian children under 5 years are at risk of poor development. Home visits that use a structured curriculum to help caregivers enhance the quality of the home stimulation environment improve developmental outcomes. However, achieving effectiveness in poor urban contexts through scalable models remains challenging.

    更新日期:2019-12-04
  • Contribution of genes and environment to the longitudinal association between childhood impulsive‐aggression and suicidality in adolescence
    J. Child Psychol. Psyc. (IF 6.129) Pub Date : 2019-11-28
    Massimiliano Orri, Marie‐Claude Geoffroy, Gustavo Turecki, Bei Feng, Mara Brendgen, Frank Vitaro, Ginette Dionne, Stephane Paquin, Cedric Galera, Johanne Renaud, Richard E. Tremblay, Sylvana M. Côté, Michel Boivin

    Population‐based and family studies showed that impulsive‐aggression predicts suicidality; however, the underlying etiological nature of this association is poorly understood. The objective was to determine the contribution of genes and environment to the association between childhood impulsive‐aggression and serious suicidal ideation/attempt in young adulthood.

    更新日期:2019-11-30
  • A transdiagnostic sleep and circadian intervention for adolescents: six‐month follow‐up of a randomized controlled trial
    J. Child Psychol. Psyc. (IF 6.129) Pub Date : 2019-11-26
    Lu Dong, Michael R. Dolsen, Armando J. Martinez, Haruka Notsu, Allison G. Harvey

    This study examined the 6‐month follow‐up outcomes of the Transdiagnostic Sleep and Circadian Intervention (TranS‐C), compared to Psychoeducation about sleep and health (PE).

    更新日期:2019-11-28
  • Annual Research Review: Critical windows – the microbiota–gut–brain axis in neurocognitive development
    J. Child Psychol. Psyc. (IF 6.129) Pub Date : 2019-11-26
    Caitlin S. M. Cowan, Timothy G. Dinan, John F. Cryan

    The gut microbiota is a vast, complex, and fascinating ecosystem of microorganisms that resides in the human gastrointestinal tract. As an integral part of the microbiota–gut–brain axis, it is now being recognized that the microbiota is a modulator of brain and behavior, across species. Intriguingly, periods of change in the microbiota coincide with the development of other body systems and particularly the brain. We hypothesize that these times of parallel development are biologically relevant, corresponding to ‘sensitive periods’ or ‘critical windows’ in the development of the microbiota–gut–brain axis. Specifically, signals from the microbiota during these periods are hypothesized to be crucial for establishing appropriate communication along the axis throughout the life span. In other words, the microbiota is hypothesized to act like an expected input to calibrate the development of the microbiota–gut–brain axis. The absence or disruption of the microbiota during specific developmental windows would therefore be expected to have a disproportionate effect on specific functions or potentially for regulation of the system as a whole. Evidence for microbial modulation of neurocognitive development and neurodevelopmental risk is discussed in light of this hypothesis, finishing with a focus on the challenges that lay ahead for the future study of the microbiota–gut–brain axis during development.

    更新日期:2019-11-28
  • Parent–child neural synchrony: a novel approach to elucidating dyadic correlates of preschool irritability
    J. Child Psychol. Psyc. (IF 6.129) Pub Date : 2019-11-26
    Laura E. Quiñones‐Camacho, Frank A. Fishburn, M. Catalina Camacho, Christina O. Hlutkowsky, Theodore J. Huppert, Lauren S. Wakschlag, Susan B. Perlman

    Research to date has largely conceptualized irritability in terms of intraindividual differences. However, the role of interpersonal dyadic processes has received little consideration. Nevertheless, difficulties in how parent–child dyads synchronize during interactions may be an important correlate of irritably in early childhood. Innovations in developmentally sensitive neuroimaging methods now enable the use of measures of neural synchrony to quantify synchronous responses in parent–child dyads and can help clarify the neural underpinnings of these difficulties. We introduce the Disruptive Behavior Diagnostic Observation Schedule: Biological Synchrony (DB‐DOS:BioSync) as a paradigm for exploring parent–child neural synchrony as a potential biological mechanism for interpersonal difficulties in preschool psychopathology.

    更新日期:2019-11-27
  • Externalising pathways to alcohol‐related problems in emerging adulthood
    J. Child Psychol. Psyc. (IF 6.129) Pub Date : 2019-11-25
    Gemma Hammerton, Alexis C. Edwards, Liam Mahedy, Joseph Murray, Barbara Maughan, Kenneth S. Kendler, Matthew Hickman, Jon Heron

    Both ‘early‐onset persistent’ and ‘adolescent‐onset’ conduct problems (CPs) are associated with alcohol‐related problems in emerging adulthood. The escalation of early CPs into criminal behaviour and heavy alcohol consumption prior to emerging adulthood are both likely to be important pathways.

    更新日期:2019-11-27
  • Annual Research Review: Rethinking childhood trauma‐new research directions for measurement, study design and analytical strategies
    J. Child Psychol. Psyc. (IF 6.129) Pub Date : 2019-11-24
    Andrea Danese

    Childhood trauma is a key modifiable risk factor for psychopathology. Despite significant scientific advances, traumatised children still have poorer long‐term outcomes than nontraumatised children. New research paradigms are, thus, needed. To this end, the review examines three dominant assumptions about measurement, design and analytical strategies. Current research warns against using prospective and retrospective measures of childhood trauma interchangeably; against interpreting cross‐sectional differences in putative mediating mechanisms between adults with or without a history of childhood trauma as evidence of longitudinal changes from pre‐trauma conditions; and against directly applying explanatory models of resilience or vulnerability to psychopathology in traumatised children to forecast individual risk in unseen cases. The warnings equally apply to research on broader measures of adverse childhood experiences (ACEs). Further research examining these assumptions can generate new insights on how to prevent childhood trauma and its detrimental effects.

    更新日期:2019-11-26
  • Neurocognitive risk markers in pediatric obsessive–compulsive disorder
    J. Child Psychol. Psyc. (IF 6.129) Pub Date : 2019-11-20
    Juliana Negreiros, Laura Belschner, John R. Best, Sarah Lin, Diana Franco Yamin, Yayuk Joffres, Robert R. Selles, Fern Jaspers‐Fayer, Lynn D. Miller, Todd S. Woodward, William G. Honer, S. Evelyn Stewart

    Obsessive–compulsive disorder (OCD) has complex genetic underpinnings, particularly in its early‐onset form, which places siblings at a 10‐fold increased risk of developing the disorder. Examination for neurocognitive markers preceding pediatric OCD onset has not been conducted, although markers have been identified in adult OCD. This study compared neurocognition across groups of OCD‐affected youth (n = 87), unaffected siblings of those with early‐onset OCD (n = 67), and healthy controls (HC; n = 79).

    更新日期:2019-11-21
  • Neurodevelopmental and genetic determinants of exposure to adversity among youth at risk for mental illness
    J. Child Psychol. Psyc. (IF 6.129) Pub Date : 2019-11-20
    Alyson Zwicker, Lynn E. MacKenzie, Vladislav Drobinin, Amina M. Bagher, Emily Howes Vallis, Lukas Propper, Alexa Bagnell, Sabina Abidi, Barbara Pavlova, Martin Alda, Eileen M. Denovan‐Wright, Rudolf Uher

    Attention‐deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and lower cognitive ability have been linked with increased likelihood of exposure to adversity. We hypothesized that these associations may be partly due to genetic factors.

    更新日期:2019-11-21
  • Research Review: Effectiveness of universal eating disorder prevention interventions in improving body image among children: a systematic review and meta‐analysis
    J. Child Psychol. Psyc. (IF 6.129) Pub Date : 2019-11-19
    Joelle Yan Xin Chua, Wilson Tam, Shefaly Shorey

    Increasingly, children are at risk of developing eating disorders. A systematic review and a meta‐analysis were conducted to examine the effectiveness of universal eating disorder prevention interventions in improving body image, internalization of appearance ideals, and self‐esteem among children aged 5–17 years old.

    更新日期:2019-11-20
  • Distinct trajectories of long‐term symptom severity in pediatric obsessive–compulsive disorder during and after stepped‐care treatment
    J. Child Psychol. Psyc. (IF 6.129) Pub Date : 2019-11-17
    Sanne Jensen, Davíð R. M. A. Højgaard, Katja A. Hybel, Erik Lykke Mortensen, Gudmundur Skarphedinsson, Karin Melin, Tord Ivarsson, Judith Becker Nissen, Bernhard Weidle, Robert Valderhaug, Nor Christian Torp, Kitty Dahl, Scott Compton, Per Hove Thomsen

    First‐line treatments for pediatric obsessive–compulsive disorder (OCD) include exposure‐based cognitive‐behavioral therapy (CBT) and selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs). No studies have thus far identified distinct classes and associated predictors of long‐term symptom severity during and after treatment. Yet, these could form the basis for more personalized treatment in pediatric OCD.

    更新日期:2019-11-18
  • A randomised controlled trial of treatments of childhood anxiety disorder in the context of maternal anxiety disorder: clinical and cost‐effectiveness outcomes
    J. Child Psychol. Psyc. (IF 6.129) Pub Date : 2019-07-31
    Cathy Creswell, Mara Violato, Susan Cruddace, Stephen Gerry, Lynne Murray, Roz Shafran, Alan Stein, Lucy Willetts, Emma McIntosh, Peter J. Cooper

    This study evaluated whether clinical and economic outcomes from CBT for child anxiety disorders in the context of maternal anxiety disorders are improved by adding treatment focused on (a) maternal anxiety disorders or (b) mother–child interactions.

    更新日期:2019-11-18
  • Research Review: Psychological and psychosocial treatments for children and young people with post‐traumatic stress disorder: a network meta‐analysis
    J. Child Psychol. Psyc. (IF 6.129) Pub Date : 2019-07-17
    Ifigeneia Mavranezouli, Odette Megnin‐Viggars, Caitlin Daly, Sofia Dias, Sarah Stockton, Richard Meiser‐Stedman, David Trickey, Stephen Pilling

    Post‐traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is a potentially chronic and disabling disorder that affects a significant minority of youth exposed to trauma. Previous studies have concluded that trauma‐focused cognitive behavioural therapy (TF‐CBT) is an effective treatment for PTSD in youth, but the relative strengths of different psychological therapies are poorly understood.

    更新日期:2019-11-18
  • Research Review: Outcomes of 24‐ to 36‐month‐old children with autism spectrum disorder vary by ascertainment strategy: a systematic review and meta‐analysis
    J. Child Psychol. Psyc. (IF 6.129) Pub Date : 2019-04-29
    Megan Micheletti, Courtney McCracken, John N. Constantino, David Mandell, Warren Jones, Ami Klin

    Despite widespread recommendations for early surveillance of risk for autism spectrum disorder (ASD), no research to date has shown that early surveillance leads to better clinical outcomes. Preliminary research has suggested that children with ASD ascertained via prospective follow‐up have better outcomes than those ascertained via community referral. Because prospective studies include early surveillance, by comparing outcomes of children with ASD across ascertainment strategies, we may gain insight into the effects of early surveillance relative to its absence.

    更新日期:2019-11-18
  • Maternal object naming is less adapted to preterm infants’ than to term infants’ word mapping
    J. Child Psychol. Psyc. (IF 6.129) Pub Date : 2019-11-11
    Lakshmi Gogate

    Term infants learn word–object relations in their first year during multisensory interactions with caregivers. Although preterm infants often experience language delays, little is known about how caregivers contribute to their early word–object learning. The present longitudinal study compared maternal naming and word learning in these infant groups.

    更新日期:2019-11-11
  • Mentalization‐based treatment in groups for adolescents with borderline personality disorder: a randomized controlled trial
    J. Child Psychol. Psyc. (IF 6.129) Pub Date : 2019-11-08
    Emma Beck, Sune Bo, Mie Sedoc Jørgensen, Matthias Gondan, Stig Poulsen, Ole Jakob Storebø, Christian Fjellerad Andersen, Espen Folmo, Carla Sharp, Jesper Pedersen, Erik Simonsen

    Borderline personality disorder (BPD) typically onsets in adolescence and predicts later functional disability in adulthood. Highly structured evidence‐based psychotherapeutic programs, including mentalization‐based treatment (MBT), are first choice treatment. The efficacy of MBT for BPD has mainly been tested with adults, and no RCT has examined the effectiveness of MBT in groups (MBT‐G) for adolescent BPD.

    更新日期:2019-11-08
  • Dysfunctional posttraumatic cognitions, posttraumatic stress and depression in children and adolescents exposed to trauma: a network analysis
    J. Child Psychol. Psyc. (IF 6.129) Pub Date : 2019-11-07
    Anke de Haan, Markus A. Landolt, Eiko I. Fried, Kristian Kleinke, Eva Alisic, Richard Bryant, Karen Salmon, Sue‐Huei Chen, Shu‐Tsen Liu, Tim Dalgleish, Anna McKinnon, Alice Alberici, Jade Claxton, Julia Diehle, Ramón Lindauer, Carlijn de Roos, Sarah L. Halligan, Rachel Hiller, Christian H. Kristensen, Beatriz O. M. Lobo, Nicole M. Volkmann, Meghan Marsac, Lamia Barakat, Nancy Kassam‐Adams, Reginald D. V. Nixon, Susan Hogan, Raija‐Leena Punamäki, Esa Palosaari, Elizabeth Schilpzand, Rowena Conroy, Patrick Smith, William Yule, Richard Meiser‐Stedman

    The latest version of the International Classification of Diseases (ICD‐11) proposes a posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) diagnosis reduced to its core symptoms within the symptom clusters re‐experiencing, avoidance and hyperarousal. Since children and adolescents often show a variety of internalizing and externalizing symptoms in the aftermath of traumatic events, the question arises whether such a conceptualization of the PTSD diagnosis is supported in children and adolescents. Furthermore, although dysfunctional posttraumatic cognitions (PTCs) appear to play an important role in the development and persistence of PTSD in children and adolescents, their function within diagnostic frameworks requires clarification.

    更新日期:2019-11-08
  • Mediators of focused psychosocial support interventions for children in low‐resource humanitarian settings: analysis from an Individual Participant Dataset with 3,143 participants
    J. Child Psychol. Psyc. (IF 6.129) Pub Date : 2019-11-07
    Marianna Purgato, Federico Tedeschi, Theresa S. Betancourt, Paul Bolton, Chiara Bonetto, Chiara Gastaldon, James Gordon, Paul O’Callaghan, Davide Papola, Kirsi Peltonen, Raija‐Leena Punamaki, Justin Richards, Julie K. Staples, Johanna Unterhitzenberger, Joop de Jong, Mark J.D. Jordans, Alden L. Gross, Wietse A. Tol, Corrado Barbui

    Research on psychosocial interventions has been focused on the effectiveness of psychosocial interventions on mental health outcomes, without exploring how interventions achieve beneficial effects. Identifying the potential pathways through which interventions work would potentially allow further strengthening of interventions by emphasizing specific components connected with such pathways.

    更新日期:2019-11-08
  • Research Review: Do parent ratings of infant negative emotionality and self‐regulation predict psychopathology in childhood and adolescence? A systematic review and meta‐analysis of prospective longitudinal studies
    J. Child Psychol. Psyc. (IF 6.129) Pub Date : 2019-11-06
    Katarzyna Kostyrka‐Allchorne, Sam V. Wass, Edmund J. S. Sonuga‐Barke

    Identifying low‐cost and easy to implement measures of infant markers of later psychopathology may improve targeting of early intervention for prevention. Because of their early manifestation, relative stability and overlap with constructs central to affect‐based dimensions of child and adolescent psychopathology, negative emotionality and self‐regulation have been the focus of this research. We conducted a meta‐analysis of longitudinal studies examining the prospective association between infant temperament measured with parent ratings and child/adolescent psychopathology.

    更新日期:2019-11-07
  • Sustained effects on attachment security in middle childhood: Results from a randomized clinical trial of the Attachment and Biobehavioral Catch‐up (ABC) intervention
    J. Child Psychol. Psyc. (IF 6.129) Pub Date : 2019-11-01
    Lindsay Zajac, K. Lee Raby, Mary Dozier

    Interventions have been developed to promote the development of secure and organized attachments during early childhood among children who have experienced early adversity, yet little is known about whether the effects of these early interventions are sustained beyond 12 months postintervention. The current study examined whether receiving the Attachment and Biobehavioral Catch‐Up (ABC) intervention during infancy led to improvements in perceived attachment security in middle childhood among 100 Child Protective Services (CPS)‐referred children.

    更新日期:2019-11-04
  • Within‐person analysis of developmental cascades between externalising and internalising problems
    J. Child Psychol. Psyc. (IF 6.129) Pub Date : 2019-11-01
    Aja Louise Murray, Manuel Eisner, Denis Ribeaud

    In a large body of previous research, cross‐lagged panel models (CLPMs) have been used to provide empirical support for developmental models that posit a cascade from externalising‐to‐internalising problems. These developmental models, however, arguably refer to within‐person processes whereas CLPMs provide a difficult‐to‐interpret blend of within‐ and between‐ person effects.

    更新日期:2019-11-01
  • Examining effects of parent warmth and control on internalizing behavior clusters from age 8 to 12 in 12 cultural groups in nine countries
    J. Child Psychol. Psyc. (IF 6.129) Pub Date : 2019-10-31
    W. Andrew Rothenberg, Jennifer E. Lansford, Suha M. Al‐Hassan, Dario Bacchini, Marc H. Bornstein, Lei Chang, Kirby Deater‐Deckard, Laura Di Giunta, Kenneth A. Dodge, Patrick S. Malone, Paul Oburu, Concetta Pastorelli, Ann T. Skinner, Emma Sorbring, Laurence Steinberg, Sombat Tapanya, Liliana Maria Uribe Tirado, Saengduean Yotanyamaneewong, Liane Peña Alampay

    Studies of U.S. and European samples demonstrate that parental warmth and behavioral control predict child internalizing behaviors and vice versa. However, these patterns have not been researched in other cultures. This study investigates associations between parent warmth and control and three child‐reported internalizing behavior clusters to examine this question.

    更新日期:2019-11-01
  • Annual Research Review: Umbrella synthesis of meta‐analyses on child maltreatment antecedents and interventions: differential susceptibility perspective on risk and resilience
    J. Child Psychol. Psyc. (IF 6.129) Pub Date : 2019-10-30
    Marinus H. van IJzendoorn, Marian J. Bakermans‐Kranenburg, Barry Coughlan, Sophie Reijman

    Child maltreatment in the family context is a prevalent and pervasive phenomenon in many modern societies. The global perpetration of child abuse and neglect stands in stark contrast to its almost universal condemnation as exemplified in the United Nation’s Convention on the Rights of the Child. Much work has been devoted to the task of prevention, yet a grand synthesis of the literature is missing. Focusing on two core elements of prevention, that is, antecedents for maltreatment and the effectiveness of (preventative) interventions, we performed an umbrella review of meta‐analyses published between January 1, 2014, and December 17, 2018. Meta‐analyses were systematically collected, assessed, and integrated following a uniform approach to allow their comparison across domains. From this analysis of thousands of studies including almost 1.5 million participants, the following risk factors were derived: parental experience of maltreatment in his or her own childhood (d = .47), low socioeconomic status of the family (d = .34), dependent and aggressive parental personality (d = .45), intimate partner violence (d = .41), and higher baseline autonomic nervous system activity (d = .24). The effect size for autonomic stress reactivity was not significant (d = −.10). The umbrella review of interventions to prevent or reduce child maltreatment showed modest intervention effectiveness (d = .23 for interventions targeting child abuse potential or families with self‐reported maltreatment and d = .27 for officially reported child maltreatment cases). Despite numerous studies on child maltreatment, some large gaps in our knowledge of antecedents exist. Neurobiological antecedents should receive more research investment. Differential susceptibility theory may shed more light on questions aimed at breaking the intergenerational transmission of maltreatment and on the modest (preventive) intervention effects. In combination with family‐based interaction‐focused interventions, large‐scale socioeconomic experiments such as cash transfer trials and experiments with vouchers to move to a lower‐poverty area might be tested to prevent or reduce child maltreatment. Prevalence, antecedents, and preventive interventions of prenatal maltreatment deserve continuing scientific, clinical, and policy attention.

    更新日期:2019-11-01
  • Do sluggish cognitive tempo symptoms improve with school‐based ADHD interventions? Outcomes and predictors of change
    J. Child Psychol. Psyc. (IF 6.129) Pub Date : 2019-10-30
    Zoe R. Smith, Joshua M. Langberg

    Sluggish cognitive tempo (SCT) is a construct that includes symptoms of slowness, excessive daydreaming, and drowsiness. SCT is often comorbid with attention‐deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), and SCT symptoms are associated with significant academic impairment above the influence of ADHD. Despite the overlap between ADHD and SCT and associated impairments, no studies have evaluated how evidence‐based psychosocial interventions for adolescents with ADHD impact symptoms of SCT.

    更新日期:2019-11-01
  • A family‐centered prevention ameliorates the associations of low self‐control during childhood with employment income and poverty status in young African American adults
    J. Child Psychol. Psyc. (IF 6.129) Pub Date : 2019-10-27
    Gene H. Brody, Tianyi Yu, Gregory E. Miller, Edith Chen

    Children with low self‐control who grow up in poverty are at elevated risk for living in poverty when they are adults. The purpose of this study was to further understanding of the intergenerational continuity of poverty by (a) examining the likelihood that children with low levels of self‐control at age 11 earn less employment income and are more likely to live in poverty 14 years later, at age 25; and (b) determining, via a preventive intervention, whether enhancing supportive parenting during childhood will ameliorate these associations.

    更新日期:2019-10-28
  • Cost‐effectiveness of psychological interventions for children and young people with post‐traumatic stress disorder
    J. Child Psychol. Psyc. (IF 6.129) Pub Date : 2019-10-26
    Ifigeneia Mavranezouli, Odette Megnin‐Viggars, David Trickey, Richard Meiser‐Stedman, Caitlin Daly, Sofia Dias, Sarah Stockton, Stephen Pilling

    PTSD in youth may lead to long‐lasting psychological implications, educational difficulties and increased healthcare costs. Psychological interventions have been shown to be effective in its management. The objective of this study was to assess the cost‐effectiveness of a range of psychological interventions for children and young people with PTSD.

    更新日期:2019-10-27
  • Trajectories of depression symptom change during and following treatment in adolescents with unipolar major depression
    J. Child Psychol. Psyc. (IF 6.129) Pub Date : 2019-10-24
    Sian Emma Davies, Sharon A.S. Neufeld, Eleonore van Sprang, Lizanne Schweren, Rogier Keivit, Peter Fonagy, Bernadka Dubicka, Raphael Kelvin, Nick Midgley, Shirley Reynolds, Mary Target, Paul Wilkinson, Anne Laura van Harmelen, Ian Michael Goodyer

    To classify a cohort of depressed adolescents recruited to the UK IMPACT trial, according to trajectories of symptom change. We examined for predictors and compared the data‐driven categories of patients with a priori operational definitions of treatment response.

    更新日期:2019-10-24
  • Annual Research Review: Universal and targeted strategies for assigning interventions to achieve population impact
    J. Child Psychol. Psyc. (IF 6.129) Pub Date : 2019-10-23
    Kenneth A. Dodge

    This article proposes that universal and targeted preventive interventions should be compared and evaluated in terms of their benefit–cost ratio in achieving population‐wide impact on mental disorders and related outcomes. Universal approaches attempt to affect every individual in a population, whereas targeted approaches select candidates for intervention based on screening of demographic or behavioral characteristics. Unique assets and challenges of each approach in achieving population impact in a cost‐efficient way are discussed, along with spillover effects, sensitivity and specificity, developmental processes, timing of intervention, and the relation between severity of risk and plasticity. A general targeted‐efficiency framework is proposed as a heuristic to evaluate the collective merits of universal and targeted approaches in specific cases. A tiered approach that combines universal and targeted identification strategies is proposed, and examples are described. Issues for high‐priority research are identified.

    更新日期:2019-10-24
  • Trajectories of care for children and adolescents with psychosocial problems: a 3‐year prospective cohort study
    J. Child Psychol. Psyc. (IF 6.129) Pub Date : 2019-10-20
    Vera Verhage, Danielle E.M.C. Jansen, Josue Almansa, Charlotte Wunderink, Hans Grietens, Sijmen. A. Reijneveld

    Care for children and adolescents with psychosocial problems is aimed at reducing problems. There may be a relationship between the intensity and duration of care provision and improvement of these outcomes, but evidence on this issue is lacking. We therefore examined the association between care trajectories based on duration and intensity of care for children, and the reduction in psychosocial problems after 3 years.

    更新日期:2019-10-21
  • Dyslexia and Developmental Language Disorder: comorbid disorders with distinct effects on reading comprehension
    J. Child Psychol. Psyc. (IF 6.129) Pub Date : 2019-10-20
    Margaret J. Snowling, Marianna E. Hayiou‐Thomas, Hannah M. Nash, Charles Hulme

    Reading comprehension draws on both decoding and linguistic comprehension, and poor reading comprehension can be the consequence of a deficit in either of these skills.

    更新日期:2019-10-21
  • Use of medication for attention‐deficit/hyperactivity disorder and risk of unintentional injuries in children and adolescents with co‐occurring neurodevelopmental disorders
    J. Child Psychol. Psyc. (IF 6.129) Pub Date : 2019-10-18
    Laura Ghirardi, Qi Chen, Zheng Chang, Ralf Kuja‐Halkola, Charlotte Skoglund, Patrick D. Quinn, Brian M. D'Onofrio, Henrik Larsson

    Attention‐deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is often associated with other neurodevelopmental disorders (NDs) and with risky behaviors and adverse health outcomes, including injuries. Treatment with ADHD medication has been associated with reduced risk of injuries. However, it is unknown whether the association is present in individuals with co‐occurring NDs. The aim of the present study was to estimate the association between ADHD medication use and unintentional injuries in Sweden in children and adolescents with ADHD, including those with co‐occurring NDs.

    更新日期:2019-10-19
  • Practitioner Review: Twenty years of research with adverse childhood experience scores – Advantages, disadvantages and applications to practice
    J. Child Psychol. Psyc. (IF 6.129) Pub Date : 2019-10-14
    Rebecca E. Lacey, Helen Minnis

    Adverse childhood experience (ACE) scores have become a common approach for considering childhood adversities and are highly influential in public policy and clinical practice. Their use is also controversial. Other ways of measuring adversity ‐ examining single adversities, or using theoretically or empirically driven methods ‐ might have advantages over ACE scores.

    更新日期:2019-10-14
  • Evaluating chronic emotional dysregulation and irritability in relation to ADHD and depression genetic risk in children with ADHD
    J. Child Psychol. Psyc. (IF 6.129) Pub Date : 2019-10-12
    Joel T. Nigg, Sarah L. Karalunas, Hanna C. Gustafsson, Priya Bhatt, Peter Ryabinin, Michael A. Mooney, Stephen V. Faraone, Damien A. Fair, Beth Wilmot

    A central nosological problem concerns the etiological relationship of emotional dysregulation with ADHD. Molecular genetic risk scores provide a novel method for informing this question.

    更新日期:2019-10-12
  • Editorial Perspective: Delivering autism intervention through development
    J. Child Psychol. Psyc. (IF 6.129) Pub Date : 2019-10-09
    Jonathan Green

    Autism is a priority condition within global health and represents a significant public health challenge. In this Editorial, I argue for a new perspective on how this challenge might be met, based on the idea of autism as an enduring developmental condition and focused on the family as a key resource. Drawing on models from management of enduring conditions elsewhere in health and on recent autism intervention science, I make the case for a developmental sequence of pulsed interventions, initially focused on early family resilience and self‐management, along with case management and timely step‐up care to specialist management.

    更新日期:2019-10-10
  • Early classroom reading gains moderate shared environmental influences on reading comprehension in adolescence
    J. Child Psychol. Psyc. (IF 6.129) Pub Date : 2019-10-08
    Jeanette Taylor, Florina Erbeli, Sara A. Hart, Wendy Johnson

    Reading is important for children's success in school and beyond, yet many adolescents fail to reach expected levels of proficiency. This highlights the need to better understand the factors that influence reading effectiveness over time, including genes and environment. Greater expression of genetic influence on first‐ and second‐grade reading fluency has been observed in higher quality classroom reading environments. To what degree this early environment continues to influence genetic and other environmental influences on later reading is unknown and was tested in this study.

    更新日期:2019-10-10
  • The p factor: genetic analyses support a general dimension of psychopathology in childhood and adolescence
    J. Child Psychol. Psyc. (IF 6.129) Pub Date : 2019-09-20
    Andrea G. Allegrini, Rosa Cheesman, Kaili Rimfeld, Saskia Selzam, Jean‐Baptiste Pingault, Thalia C. Eley, Robert Plomin

    Diverse behaviour problems in childhood correlate phenotypically, suggesting a general dimension of psychopathology that has been called the p factor. The shared genetic architecture between childhood psychopathology traits also supports a genetic p. This study systematically investigates the manifestation of this common dimension across self‐, parent‐ and teacher‐rated measures in childhood and adolescence.

    更新日期:2019-09-21
  • Parenting for Lifelong Health for young children: a randomized controlled trial of a parenting program in South Africa to prevent harsh parenting and child conduct problems
    J. Child Psychol. Psyc. (IF 6.129) Pub Date : 2019-09-19
    Catherine L. Ward, Inge M. Wessels, Jamie M. Lachman, Judy Hutchings, Lucie D. Cluver, Reshma Kassanjee, Raymond Nhapi, Francesca Little, Frances Gardner

    Parenting programs suitable for delivery at scale in low‐resource contexts are urgently needed. We conducted a randomized trial of Parenting for Lifelong Health (PLH) for Young Children, a low‐cost 12‐session program designed to increase positive parenting and reduce harsh parenting and conduct problems in children aged 2–9.

    更新日期:2019-09-19
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