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Generalized Eigenvalue Decomposition Applied to Estimation of Spatial rPPG Distribution of Skin J. Math. Imaging Vis. (IF 1.353) Pub Date : 20210508
Richard Macwan, Yannick Benezeth, Alamin MansouriRemote photoplethysmography (rPPG) has been at the forefront recently, thanks to its capacity in estimating noncontact physiological parameters such as heart rate and heart rate variability (Wang et al. in FBB 6:33, 2018). rPPG signals are typically extracted from facial videos by performing spatial averaging to obtain temporal RGB traces. Although this spatial averaging simplifies computation, it

On Biases in Displacement Estimation for Image Registration, with a Focus on Photomechanics J. Math. Imaging Vis. (IF 1.353) Pub Date : 20210504
Frédéric Sur, Benoît Blaysat, Michel GrédiacImage registration under small displacements is the keystone of several image analysis tasks such as optical flow estimation, stereoscopic imaging, or fullfield displacement estimation in photomechanics. A popular approach consists in locally modeling the displacement field between two images by a parametric transformation and performing leastsquares estimation afterward. This procedure is known

Bilevel Parameter Learning for Nonlocal Image Denoising Models J. Math. Imaging Vis. (IF 1.353) Pub Date : 20210424
M. D’Elia, J. C. De Los Reyes, A. MiniguanoTrujilloWe propose a bilevel optimization approach for the estimation of parameters in nonlocal image denoising models. The parameters we consider are both the fidelity weight and weights within the kernel of the nonlocal operator. In both cases, we investigate the differentiability of the solution operator in function spaces and derive a firstorder optimality system that characterizes local minima. For the

Correction to: Noncongruent nondegenerate curves with identical signatures J. Math. Imaging Vis. (IF 1.353) Pub Date : 20210407
Eric Geiger, Irina A. KoganA correction to this paper has been published: https://doi.org/10.1007/s10851021010280

A Quotient Space Formulation for Generative Statistical Analysis of Graphical Data J. Math. Imaging Vis. (IF 1.353) Pub Date : 20210331
Xiaoyang Guo, Anuj Srivastava, Sudeep SarkarComplex analyses involving multiple, dependent random quantities often lead to graphical models—a set of nodes denoting variables of interest, and corresponding edges denoting statistical interactions between nodes. To develop statistical analyses for graphical data, especially towards generative modeling, one needs mathematical representations and metrics for matching and comparing graphs, and subsequent

Color Image ZeroWatermarking Using Accurate Quaternion Generalized Orthogonal Fourier–Mellin Moments J. Math. Imaging Vis. (IF 1.353) Pub Date : 20210311
Xiangyang Wang, Li Wang, Jialin Tian, Panpan Niu, Hongying YangIn recent years, digital image zerowatermarking algorithm has made great progress. But there are still some problems. First, most algorithms only focus on robustness and ignore discrimination. Second, most methods have good robustness against conventional signal attacks but poor robustness against geometric attacks. Thirdly, most of the existing zerowatermarking algorithms only focus on grayscale

Globally Optimal Point Set Registration by Joint Symmetry Plane Fitting J. Math. Imaging Vis. (IF 1.353) Pub Date : 20210226
Lan Hu, Laurent KneipThe present work proposes a solution to the challenging problem of registering two partial point sets of the same object with very limited overlap. We leverage the fact that most objects found in manmade environments contain a plane of symmetry. By reflecting the points of each set with respect to the plane of symmetry, we can largely increase the overlap between the sets and therefore boost the registration

From Riemannian Trichromacy to Quantum Color Opponency via Hyperbolicity J. Math. Imaging Vis. (IF 1.353) Pub Date : 20210223
Michel Berthier, Edoardo ProvenziWe propose a mathematical description of human color perception that relies on a hyperbolic structure of the space \({\mathcal {P}}\) of perceived colors. We show that hyperbolicity allows us to reconcile both trichromaticity, from a Riemannian point of view, and color opponency, from a quantum viewpoint. In particular, we will underline how the opponent behavior can be represented by a rebit, a real

Active Contour Directed by the Poisson Gradient Vector Field and Edge Tracking J. Math. Imaging Vis. (IF 1.353) Pub Date : 20210216
Adam Bowden, Nikolay Metodiev SirakovThis paper develops a new active contour (AC) model capable of multiple complex objects segmentation in the presence of heavy noise. The model segments images in the framework of two types of partial differential equations (PDEs): the Euler–Lagrange and Poisson PDEs. The former is used to build an evolution algorithm, while the Poisson solution gradient vector field (PGVF) directs the evolution toward

Robust PCA via Regularized Reaper with a MatrixFree Proximal Algorithm J. Math. Imaging Vis. (IF 1.353) Pub Date : 20210215
Robert Beinert, Gabriele SteidlPrincipal component analysis (PCA) is known to be sensitive to outliers, so that various robust PCA variants were proposed in the literature. A recent model, called reaper, aims to find the principal components by solving a convex optimization problem. Usually the number of principal components must be determined in advance and the minimization is performed over symmetric positive semidefinite matrices

Statistical Model and MLEM Algorithm for Emission Tomography with Known Movement J. Math. Imaging Vis. (IF 1.353) Pub Date : 20210214
Camille Pouchol, Olivier VerdierIn positron emission tomography, movement leads to blurry reconstructions when not accounted for. Whether known a priori or estimated jointly to reconstruction, motion models are increasingly defined in continuum rather that in discrete, for example by means of diffeomorphisms. The present work provides both a statistical and functional analytic framework suitable for handling such models. It is based

Noncongruent nondegenerate curves with identical signatures J. Math. Imaging Vis. (IF 1.353) Pub Date : 20210208
Eric Geiger, Irina A. KoganWhile the equality of differential signatures (Calabi et al., Int. J. Comput. Vis. 26: 107–135, 1998) is known to be a necessary condition for congruence, it is not sufficient (Musso and Nicolodi, J. Math Imaging Vis. 35: 68–85, 2009). Hickman (J. Math Imaging Vis. 43: 206–213, 2012, Theorem 2) claimed that for nondegenerate planar curves, equality of Euclidean signatures implies congruence. We prove

Inexact DerivativeFree Optimization for Bilevel Learning J. Math. Imaging Vis. (IF 1.353) Pub Date : 20210206
Matthias J. Ehrhardt, Lindon RobertsVariational regularization techniques are dominant in the field of mathematical imaging. A drawback of these techniques is that they are dependent on a number of parameters which have to be set by the user. A bynow common strategy to resolve this issue is to learn these parameters from data. While mathematically appealing, this strategy leads to a nested optimization problem (known as bilevel optimization)

A Novel Discriminant Locality Preserving Projections Method J. Math. Imaging Vis. (IF 1.353) Pub Date : 20210205
Ruisheng Ran, Yinshan Ren, Shougui Zhang, Bin FangLocality preserving projections (LPP) is a popular unsupervised dimensionality reduction method based on manifold learning. As a supervised version of the LPP method, discriminant locality preserving projections (DLPP) method has been recently proposed and paid much attention to by researchers. However, the DLPP method has the smallsamplesize (SSS) problem. In this paper, in the view of the eigenvalues

Combining the BandLimited Parameterization and SemiLagrangian Runge–Kutta Integration for Efficient PDEConstrained LDDMM J. Math. Imaging Vis. (IF 1.353) Pub Date : 20210205
Monica HernandezThe family of PDEconstrained Large Deformation Diffeomorphic Metric Mapping (LDDMM) methods is emerging as a particularly interesting approach for physically meaningful diffeomorphic transformations. The original combination of Gauss–Newton–Krylov optimization and Runge–Kutta integration shows excellent numerical accuracy and fast convergence rate. However, its most significant limitation is the huge

Analysing ‘Simple’ Image Registrations J. Math. Imaging Vis. (IF 1.353) Pub Date : 20210130
Stephen Marsland, Robert I. McLachlan, Raziyeh ZarreProcesses such as growth and atrophy cause changes through time that can be visible in a series of medical images, following the hypothesis that form follows function. As was hypothesised by D’Arcy Thompson more than 100 years ago, models of the changes inherent in these actions can aid understanding of the processes at work. We consider how image registration using finitedimensional planar Lie groups

Adaptive Periodic Noise Reduction in Digital Images Using Fuzzy Transform J. Math. Imaging Vis. (IF 1.353) Pub Date : 20210122
Najmeh Alibabaie, AliMohammad LatifPeriodic noise degrades the image quality by overlaying similar patterns. This noise appears as peaks in the image spectrum. In this research, a method based on fuzzy transform has been developed to identify and reduce the peaks adaptively. We convert the periodic noise removal task as image compression and a smoothing problem. We first utilize the direct and inverse fuzzy transform of the spectrum

Levenberg–Marquardt Algorithm for AcoustoElectric Tomography based on the Complete Electrode Model J. Math. Imaging Vis. (IF 1.353) Pub Date : 20210111
Changyou Li, Mirza Karamehmedović, Ekaterina Sherina, Kim KnudsenThe inverse problem in acoustoelectric tomography concerns the reconstruction of the electric conductivity in a body from knowledge of the power density function in the interior of the body. This interior power density results from currents prescribed at boundary electrodes, and it can be obtained through electrostatic boundary measurements together with auxiliary acoustic probing. Previous works

A Continuous Relaxation of the Constrained $$\ell _2\ell _0$$ ℓ 2  ℓ 0 Problem J. Math. Imaging Vis. (IF 1.353) Pub Date : 20210109
Arne Henrik Bechensteen, Laure BlancFéraud, Gilles AubertWe focus on the minimization of the least square loss function under a ksparse constraint encoded by a \(\ell _0\) pseudonorm. This is a nonconvex, noncontinuous and NPhard problem. Recently, for the penalized form (sum of the least square loss function and a \(\ell _0\) penalty term), a relaxation has been introduced which has strong results in terms of minimizers. This relaxation is continuous

Point Cloud Registration Using Virtual Interest Points from Macaulay’s Resultant of Quadric Surfaces J. Math. Imaging Vis. (IF 1.353) Pub Date : 20210107
Mirza Tahir Ahmed, Sheikh Ziauddin, Joshua A. Marshall, Michael GreenspanA novel formulation called Virtual Interest Point is presented and used to register point clouds. An implicit quadric surface representation is first used to model the point cloud segments. Macaulay’s resultant then provides the intersection of three such quadrics, which forms a virtual interest point (VIP). A unique feature descriptor for each VIP is computed, and correspondences in descriptor space

$$C^2$$ C 2 Rational Interpolation Splines with Region Control and Image Interpolation Application J. Math. Imaging Vis. (IF 1.353) Pub Date : 20210106
Zhuo Liu, Shengjun Liu, Yuanpeng ZhuIn this work, we deal with the region control of \(C^2\) interpolation curves and surfaces using a class of rational interpolation splines in one and two dimensions. Simple sufficient datadependent constraints are derived on the local control parameters to generate \(C^2\) interpolation curves lying strictly between two given piecewise linear curves and \(C^2\) interpolation surfaces lying strictly

Predictive Online Optimisation with Applications to Optical Flow J. Math. Imaging Vis. (IF 1.353) Pub Date : 20210104
Tuomo ValkonenOnline optimisation revolves around new data being introduced into a problem while it is still being solved; think of deep learning as more training samples become available. We adapt the idea to dynamic inverse problems such as video processing with optical flow. We introduce a corresponding predictive online primaldual proximal splitting method. The video frames now exactly correspond to the algorithm

Benefiting from Duplicates of Compressed Data: ShiftBased Holographic Compression of Images J. Math. Imaging Vis. (IF 1.353) Pub Date : 20210104
Yehuda Dar, Alfred M. BrucksteinStorage systems often rely on multiple copies of the same compressed data, enabling recovery in case of binary data errors, of course, at the expense of a higher storage cost. In this paper, we show that a wiser method of duplication entails great potential benefits for data types tolerating approximate representations, like images and videos. We propose a method to produce a set of distinct compressed

Boundary Ghosts for Discrete Tomography J. Math. Imaging Vis. (IF 1.353) Pub Date : 20210104
Matthew Ceko, Timothy Petersen, Imants Svalbe, Rob TijdemanDiscrete tomography reconstructs an image of an object on a grid from its discrete projections along relatively few directions. When the resulting system of linear equations is underdetermined, the reconstructed image is not unique. Ghosts are arrays of signed pixels that have zero sum projections along these directions; they define the image pixel locations that have nonunique solutions. In general

Gray Balance Adjusting in Electrophotography by Means of Discrete Geodesics of Gradation Surfaces J. Math. Imaging Vis. (IF 1.353) Pub Date : 20210103
Dmitry A. Tarasov, Oleg B. MilderGray balance is one of the key issues of color balance and color appearance adjustment during printing. It takes into account the overlap of two or more colorants to achieve a visually neutral tone. It works in parallel with the adjustment of the main color channels. In electrophotography, the setting of color channels separately is usually carried out using tone reproduction curves. However, this

Effective TwoStage Image Segmentation: A New NonLipschitz Decomposition Approach with Convergent Algorithm J. Math. Imaging Vis. (IF 1.353) Pub Date : 20210101
Xueyan Guo, Yunhua Xue, Chunlin WuImage segmentation is an important median level vision topic. Accurate and efficient multiphase segmentation for images with intensity inhomogeneity is still a great challenge. We present a new twostage multiphase segmentation method trying to tackle this, where the key is to compute an inhomogeneityfree approximate image. For this, we propose to use a new nonLipschitz variational decomposition

On the Reconstruction of the Center of a Projection by Distances and Incidence Relations J. Math. Imaging Vis. (IF 1.353) Pub Date : 20201218
András Pongrácz, Csaba VinczeUp to an orientationpreserving symmetry, photographic images are produced by a central projection of a restricted area in the space into the image plane. To obtain reliable information about physical objects and the environment through the process of recording is the basic problem of photogrammetry. We present a reconstruction process based on distances from the center of projection and incidence

Efficient Position Estimation of 3D Fluorescent Spherical Beads in Confocal Microscopy via Poisson Denoising J. Math. Imaging Vis. (IF 1.353) Pub Date : 20201119
Alessandro Benfenati, Francesco Bonacci, Tarik Bourouina, Hugues TalbotParticle estimation is a classical problem arising in many science fields, such as biophysics, fluid mechanics and biomedical imaging. Many interesting applications in these areas involve 3D imaging data: This work presents a technique to estimate the 3D coordinates of the center of spherical particles. This procedure has its core in the processing of the images of the scanned volume: It firstly applies

Rigidity Properties of the Blum Medial Axis J. Math. Imaging Vis. (IF 1.353) Pub Date : 20201109
James DamonWe consider the Blum medial axis of a region in \(\mathbb R^n\) with piecewise smooth boundary and examine its “rigidity properties,”by which we mean properties preserved under diffeomorphisms of the regions preserving the medial axis. There are several possible versions of rigidity depending on what features of the Blum medial axis we wish to retain. We use a form of the cross ratio from projective

On ParticleSize Distribution of Convex Similar Bodies in $${\mathbb {R}}^3$$ R 3 J. Math. Imaging Vis. (IF 1.353) Pub Date : 20201106
J. Kisel’ák, G. BaluchováWe have solved an old problem posed by Santaló of determining the size distribution of particles derived from the size distribution of their sections. We give an explicit form of particlesize distributions of convex similar bodies for random planes and random lines, which naturally generalize famous Wicksell’s corpuscle problem. The results are achieved by applying the method of model solutions for

Video Denoising by Combining Patch Search and CNNs J. Math. Imaging Vis. (IF 1.353) Pub Date : 20201031
Axel Davy, Thibaud Ehret, JeanMichel Morel, Pablo Arias, Gabriele FaccioloNonlocal patchbased methods were until recently the state of the art for image denoising but are now outperformed by CNNs. In video denoising, however, they are still competitive with CNNs, as they can effectively exploit the video temporal redundancy, which is a key factor to attain high denoising performance. The problem is that CNN architectures are not compatible with the search for selfsimilarities

Ground Metric Learning on Graphs J. Math. Imaging Vis. (IF 1.353) Pub Date : 20201030
Matthieu Heitz, Nicolas Bonneel, David Coeurjolly, Marco Cuturi, Gabriel PeyréOptimal transport (OT) distances between probability distributions are parameterized by the ground metric they use between observations. Their relevance for reallife applications strongly hinges on whether that ground metric parameter is suitably chosen. The challenge of selecting it adaptively and algorithmically from prior knowledge, the socalled ground metric learning (GML) problem, has therefore

BlockBased Refitting in $$\ell _{12}$$ ℓ 12 Sparse Regularization J. Math. Imaging Vis. (IF 1.353) Pub Date : 20201017
CharlesAlban Deledalle, Nicolas Papadakis, Joseph Salmon, Samuel VaiterIn many linear regression problems, including illposed inverse problems in image restoration, the data exhibit some sparse structures that can be used to regularize the inversion. To this end, a classical path is to use \(\ell _{12}\) blockbased regularization. While efficient at retrieving the inherent sparsity patterns of the data—the support—the estimated solutions are known to suffer from a systematical

Image Reconstruction by Minimizing Curvatures on Image Surface J. Math. Imaging Vis. (IF 1.353) Pub Date : 20201015
Qiuxiang Zhong, Ke Yin, Yuping DuanThe curvature regularities are wellknown for providing strong priors in the continuity of edges, which have been applied to a wide range of applications in image processing and computer vision. However, these models are usually nonconvex, nonsmooth, and highly nonlinear, the firstorder optimality condition of which are highorder partial differential equations. Thus, numerical computation is extremely

A bisector Line Field Approach to Interpolation of Orientation Fields J. Math. Imaging Vis. (IF 1.353) Pub Date : 20200920
Nicolas Boizot, Ludovic SacchelliWe propose an approach to the problem of global reconstruction of an orientation field. The method is based on a geometric model called bisector line fields, which maps a pair of vector fields to an orientation field, effectively generalizing the notion of doubling phase vector fields. Endowed with a wellchosen energy minimization problem, we provide a polynomial interpolation of a target orientation

Temporal Huber Regularization for DCEMRI J. Math. Imaging Vis. (IF 1.353) Pub Date : 20200918
Matti Hanhela, Mikko Kettunen, Olli Gröhn, Marko Vauhkonen, Ville KolehmainenDynamic contrastenhanced magnetic resonance imaging (DCEMRI) is used to study microvascular structure and tissue perfusion. In DCEMRI, a bolus of gadoliniumbased contrast agent is injected into the blood stream and spatiotemporal changes induced by the contrast agent flow are estimated from a time series of MRI data. Sufficient time resolution can often only be obtained by using an imaging protocol

Total Variation and Mean Curvature PDEs on the Homogeneous Space of Positions and Orientations J. Math. Imaging Vis. (IF 1.353) Pub Date : 20200918
Bart M. N. Smets, Jim Portegies, Etienne StOnge, Remco DuitsTwo key ideas have greatly improved techniques for image enhancement and denoising: the lifting of image data to multiorientation distributions and the application of nonlinear PDEs such as total variation flow (TVF) and mean curvature flow (MCF). These two ideas were recently combined by Chambolle and Pock (for TVF) and Citti et al. (for MCF) for twodimensional images. In this work, we extend their

An ElasticaDriven Digital Curve Evolution Model for Image Segmentation J. Math. Imaging Vis. (IF 1.353) Pub Date : 20200913
Daniel Antunes, JacquesOlivier Lachaud, Hugues TalbotGeometric priors have been shown to be useful in image segmentation to regularize the results. For example, the classical Mumford–Shah functional uses region perimeter as prior. This has inspired much research in the last few decades, with classical approaches like the Rudin–Osher–Fatemi and most graphcut formulations, which all use a weighted or binary perimeter prior. It has been observed that this

Equivalence between Digital WellComposedness and WellComposedness in the Sense of Alexandrov on n D Cubical Grids J. Math. Imaging Vis. (IF 1.353) Pub Date : 20200907
Nicolas Boutry, Laurent Najman, Thierry GéraudAmong the different flavors of wellcomposednesses on cubical grids, two of them, called, respectively, digital wellcomposedness (DWCness) and wellcomposedness in the sense of Alexandrov (AWCness), are known to be equivalent in 2D and in 3D. The former means that a cubical set does not contain critical configurations, while the latter means that the boundary of a cubical set is made of a disjoint

Topological Properties of the First NonLocal Digitally WellComposed Interpolation on n D Cubical Grids J. Math. Imaging Vis. (IF 1.353) Pub Date : 20200905
Nicolas Boutry, Laurent Najman, Thierry GéraudIn discrete topology, we like digitally wellcomposed (shortly DWC) interpolations because they remove pinches in cubical images. Usual wellcomposed interpolations are local and sometimes selfdual (they treat in a same way dark and bright components in the image). In our case, we are particularly interested in nD selfdual DWC interpolations to obtain a purely selfdual tree of shapes. However,

Nonblind and Blind Deconvolution Under Poisson Noise Using FractionalOrder Total Variation J. Math. Imaging Vis. (IF 1.353) Pub Date : 20200825
Mujibur Rahman Chowdhury, Jing Qin, Yifei LouIn a wide range of applications such as astronomy, biology, and medical imaging, acquired data are usually corrupted by Poisson noise and blurring artifacts. Poisson noise often occurs when photon counting is involved in such imaging modalities as Xray, positron emission tomography, and fluorescence microscopy. Meanwhile, blurring is also inevitable due to the physical mechanism of an imaging system

An Additive Approximation to Multiplicative Noise J. Math. Imaging Vis. (IF 1.353) Pub Date : 20200817
R. Nicholson, J. P. KaipioMultiplicative noise models are often used instead of additive noise models in cases in which the noise variance depends on the state. Furthermore, when Poisson distributions with relatively small counts are approximated with normal distributions, multiplicative noise approximations are straightforward to implement. There are a number of limitations in the existing approaches to deal with multiplicative

PDE Evolutions for MSmoothers in One, Two, and Three Dimensions J. Math. Imaging Vis. (IF 1.353) Pub Date : 20200812
Martin Welk, Joachim WeickertLocal Msmoothers are interesting and important signal and image processing techniques with many connections to other methods. In our paper, we derive a family of partial differential equations (PDEs) that result in one, two, and three dimensions as limiting processes from Msmoothers which are based on local orderp means within a ball the radius of which tends to zero. The order p may take any nonzero

Learning Adaptive Regularization for Image Labeling Using Geometric Assignment J. Math. Imaging Vis. (IF 1.353) Pub Date : 20200806
Ruben Hühnerbein, Fabrizio Savarino, Stefania Petra, Christoph SchnörrWe study the inverse problem of model parameter learning for pixelwise image labeling, using the linear assignment flow and training data with ground truth. This is accomplished by a Riemannian gradient flow on the manifold of parameters that determines the regularization properties of the assignment flow. Using the symplectic partitioned Runge–Kutta method for numerical integration, it is shown that

Image Morphing in Deep Feature Spaces: Theory and Applications J. Math. Imaging Vis. (IF 1.353) Pub Date : 20200719
Alexander Effland, Erich Kobler, Thomas Pock, Marko Rajković, Martin RumpfThis paper combines image metamorphosis with deep features. To this end, images are considered as maps into a highdimensional feature space and a structuresensitive, anisotropic flow regularization is incorporated in the metamorphosis model proposed by Miller and Younes (Int J Comput Vis 41(1):61–84, 2001) and Trouvé and Younes (Found Comput Math 5(2):173–198, 2005). For this model, a variational

Geometric Interpretation of the Multisolution Phenomenon in the P3P Problem J. Math. Imaging Vis. (IF 1.353) Pub Date : 20200717
Bo Wang, Hao Hu, Caixia ZhangIt is well known that the P3P problem could have 1, 2, 3 and at most 4 positive solutions under different configurations among its three control points and the position of the optical center. Since in any real applications, the knowledge on the exact number of possible solutions is a prerequisite for selecting the right one among all the possible solutions, and the study on the phenomenon of multiple

Towards PDEBased Video Compression with Optimal Masks Prolongated by Optic Flow J. Math. Imaging Vis. (IF 1.353) Pub Date : 20200713
Michael Breuß, Laurent Hoeltgen, Georg RadowLossy image compression methods based on partial differential equations have received much attention in recent years. They may yield highquality results but rely on the computationally expensive task of finding an optimal selection of data. For the possible extension to video compression, this data selection is a crucial issue. In this context, one could either analyse the video sequence as a whole

Testing that a Local Optimum of the Likelihood is Globally Optimum Using Reparameterized Embeddings J. Math. Imaging Vis. (IF 1.353) Pub Date : 20200714
Joel W. LeBlanc, Brian J. Thelen, Alfred O. HeroMany mathematical imaging problems are posed as nonconvex optimization problems. When numerically tractable global optimization procedures are not available, one is often interested in testing ex post facto whether or not a locally convergent algorithm has found the globally optimal solution. When the problem is formulated in terms of maximizing the likelihood function under a statistical model for

Power Spectral Clustering J. Math. Imaging Vis. (IF 1.353) Pub Date : 20200711
Aditya Challa, Sravan Danda, B. S. Daya Sagar, Laurent NajmanSpectral clustering is one of the most important image processing tools, especially for image segmentation. This specializes at taking local information such as edge weights and globalizing them. Due to its unsupervised nature, it is widely applicable. However, traditional spectral clustering is \({\mathcal {O}}(n^{3/2})\). This poses a challenge, especially given the recent trend of large datasets

Variational Models for Color Image Correction Inspired by Visual Perception and Neuroscience J. Math. Imaging Vis. (IF 1.353) Pub Date : 20200710
Thomas Batard, Johannes Hertrich, Gabriele SteidlReproducing the perception of a realworld scene on a display device is a very challenging task which requires the understanding of the camera processing pipeline, the display process, and the way the human visual system processes the light it captures. Mathematical models based on psychophysical and physiological laws on color vision, named Retinex, provide efficient tools to handle degradations produced

Stable Backward Diffusion Models that Minimise Convex Energies J. Math. Imaging Vis. (IF 1.353) Pub Date : 20200707
Leif Bergerhoff, Marcelo Cárdenas, Joachim Weickert, Martin WelkThe inverse problem of backward diffusion is known to be illposed and highly unstable. Backward diffusion processes appear naturally in image enhancement and deblurring applications. It is therefore greatly desirable to establish a backward diffusion model which implements a smart stabilisation approach that can be used in combination with an easytohandle numerical scheme. So far, existing stabilisation

Computed Tomography Reconstruction with Uncertain View Angles by Iteratively Updated Model Discrepancy J. Math. Imaging Vis. (IF 1.353) Pub Date : 20200704
Nicolai André Brogaard Riis, Yiqiu Dong, Per Christian HansenWe propose a new model and a corresponding iterative algorithm for Computed Tomography (CT) when the view angles are uncertain. The uncertainty is described by an additive model discrepancy term which is included in the data fidelity term of a total variation regularized variational model. We approximate the model discrepancy with a Gaussian distribution. Our iterative algorithm alternates between

A Stochastic Multilayer Algorithm for Semidiscrete Optimal Transport with Applications to Texture Synthesis and Style Transfer J. Math. Imaging Vis. (IF 1.353) Pub Date : 20200701
Arthur Leclaire, Julien RabinThis paper investigates a new stochastic algorithm to approximate semidiscrete optimal transport for largescale problem, i.e., in high dimension and for a large number of points. The proposed technique relies on a hierarchical decomposition of the target discrete distribution and the transport map itself. A stochastic optimization algorithm is derived to estimate the parameters of the corresponding

A Nonlocal LaplacianBased Model for Bituminous Surfacing Crack Recovery and its MPI Implementation J. Math. Imaging Vis. (IF 1.353) Pub Date : 20200627
Noémie Debroux, Carole Le Guyader, Luminita A. VeseThis paper is devoted to the challenging problem of fine structure detection with applications to bituminous surfacing crack recovery. Drogoul (SIAM J Imag Sci 7(4):2700–2731, 2014) shows that such structures can be suitably modeled by a sequence of smooth functions whose Hessian matrices blow up in the perpendicular direction to the crack, while their gradient is null. This observation serves as the

Stochastic Distance Transform: Theory, Algorithms and Applications J. Math. Imaging Vis. (IF 1.353) Pub Date : 20200619
Johan Öfverstedt, Joakim Lindblad, Nataša SladojeDistance transforms (DTs) are standard tools in image analysis, with applications in image registration and segmentation. The DT is based on extremal (minimal) distance values and is therefore highly sensitive to noise. We present a stochastic distance transform (SDT) based on discrete random sets, in which a model of elementwise probability is utilized and the SDT is computed as the first moment

Two Polynomial Time Graph Labeling Algorithms Optimizing MaxNormBased Objective Functions J. Math. Imaging Vis. (IF 1.353) Pub Date : 20200616
Filip Malmberg, Krzysztof Chris CiesielskiMany problems in applied computer science can be expressed in a graph setting and solved by finding an appropriate vertex labeling of the associated graph. It is also common to identify the term “appropriate labeling” with a labeling that optimizes some applicationmotivated objective function. The goal of this work is to present two algorithms that, for the objective functions in a general format

CorticalInspired Wilson–CowanType Equations for OrientationDependent Contrast Perception Modelling J. Math. Imaging Vis. (IF 1.353) Pub Date : 20200611
Marcelo Bertalmío, Luca Calatroni, Valentina Franceschi, Benedetta Franceschiello, Dario PrandiWe consider the evolution model proposed in Bertalmío (Front Comput Neurosci 8:71, 2014), Bertalmío et al. (IEEE Trans Image Process 16(4):1058–1072, 2007) to describe illusory contrast perception phenomena induced by surrounding orientations. Firstly, we highlight its analogies and differences with the widely used Wilson–Cowan equations (Wilson and Cowan in BioPhys J 12(1):1–24, 1972), mainly in terms

An Optimized Framework for PlaneProbing Algorithms J. Math. Imaging Vis. (IF 1.353) Pub Date : 20200609
JacquesOlivier Lachaud, Jocelyn Meyron, Tristan RoussillonA planeprobing algorithm computes the normal vector of a digital plane from a starting point and a predicate “Is a point \({x}\) in the digital plane?”. This predicate is used to probe the digital plane as locally as possible and decide on the fly the next points to consider. However, several existing planeprobing algorithms return the correct normal vector only for some specific starting points

Hexagonality as a New ShapeBased Descriptor of Object J. Math. Imaging Vis. (IF 1.353) Pub Date : 20200608
Vladimir Ilić, Nebojša M. RalevićIn this paper, we define a new shapebased measure which evaluates how much a given shape is hexagonal. Such an introduced measure ranges through the interval (0, 1] and reaches the maximal possible value 1 if and only if the shape considered is a hexagon. The new measure is also invariant with respect to rotation, translation and scaling transformations. A number of experiments, performed on both

On the Generalized Essential Matrix Correction: An Efficient Solution to the Problem and Its Applications J. Math. Imaging Vis. (IF 1.353) Pub Date : 20200606
Pedro Miraldo, João R. CardosoThis paper addresses the problem of finding the closest generalized essential matrix from a given \(6\times 6\) matrix, with respect to the Frobenius norm. To the best of our knowledge, this nonlinear constrained optimization problem has not been addressed in the literature yet. Although it can be solved directly, it involves a large number of constraints, and any optimization method to solve it would