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Stochastic comparison on loadsharing systems with one statistically dependent redundancy Appl. Stoch. Models Bus.Ind. (IF 1.338) Pub Date : 20210723
Chen Li, Rui Fang, Xiaohu LiIn this article, we study a loadsharing redundancy system in the presence of statistical dependence between base and redundancy component lifetimes when they are under partial workload. We derive the system reliability function in terms of reliability functions and the copula function of the base and redundancy component lifetimes. Further, in the setting of some aging properties, the base component

Sample size determination to estimate mediation effects in cell transformation assays: A Bayesian causal model Appl. Stoch. Models Bus.Ind. (IF 1.338) Pub Date : 20210716
Federico M. Stefanini, Alessandro MagriniCell transformation assays (CTAs) are in vitro methods used in the preliminary assessment of the carcinogenic potential of substances. CTAs are promising tests for cosmetic, food, and pharma companies because they are not only quickandcheap, but also able to reduce animalbased testing. An assay has the simple structure of a randomized oneway experiment, where the experimental factor is defined

Joint optimization of maintenance and spares ordering policy for a useoriented productservice system with multiple failure modes Appl. Stoch. Models Bus.Ind. (IF 1.338) Pub Date : 20210626
Jing Zhang, Xian Zhao, Yanbo Song, Qingan QiuThe useoriented productservice system, such as the bikesharing system and the electric vehicle charging station, has gained wide application in engineering fields. Useoriented productservice systems are commonly subject to failures of software and hardware. Failed software can be repaired while failures of hardware require the replacement by spares. An innovative joint optimization model of maintenance

Spatial dependence in small cooperative bank risk behavior and its effects on bank competitiveness and SMEs Appl. Stoch. Models Bus.Ind. (IF 1.338) Pub Date : 20210617
Carmelo Algeri, Antonio F. Forgione, Massimo MucciardiIn this article we consider the effects of the inclusion of spatial dependence in the empirical model measuring small cooperative banks' risk performance. In the presence of crosssectional dependence, spatial analysis deals with comovement among geographical units, allowing for the evaluation of spillover effects and improving econometric models. The article makes several contributions to the literature

Averagetempered stable subordinators with applications Appl. Stoch. Models Bus.Ind. (IF 1.338) Pub Date : 20210616
Weixuan XiaIn this article, the running average of a subordinator with a tempered stable distribution is considered. We investigate a family of previously unexplored infiniteactivity subordinators induced by the probability distribution of the running average process and determine their jump intensity measures. Special cases including gamma processes and inverse Gaussian processes are discussed. Then we derive

A comprehensive review of blockchain applications in industrial Internet of Things and supply chain systems Appl. Stoch. Models Bus.Ind. (IF 1.338) Pub Date : 20210503
Nida Malik, Khalid Alkhatib, Yufei Sun, Elijah Knight, Yaser JararwehThe industrial Internet of Things (IIoT) and supply chain systems have become one of the most important technologies to positively impact our daily life activities. Blockchain technology has recently gained popularity and it is increasingly being employed in a large number of applications and industries. The use cases for blockchain are growing rapidly in different fields and domains. Combining blockchain

Testing for parameter changes in linear state space models Appl. Stoch. Models Bus.Ind. (IF 1.338) Pub Date : 20210531
Vasyl Golosnoy, Steffen Köhler, Wolfgang Schmid, Miriam Isabel SeifertLinear state space models (LSSMs) provide a very general framework for multiple time series analysis. We propose a novel statistical procedure for testing validity of a LSSM which is focused on the detection of changes in parameters of the given LSSM. We derive the moments as well as the asymptotic distribution of the test statistic, and investigate the test size and the test power for changes in means

Health care fraud classifiers in practice Appl. Stoch. Models Bus.Ind. (IF 1.338) Pub Date : 20210525
Tahir Ekin, Luca Frigau, Claudio ConversanoStatistical and machine learning methods have become paramount in order to handle large size claims data as part of health care fraud detection frameworks. Among these, predictive methods such as regression and classification algorithms are widely used with labeled data. However, the imbalanced nature of health care claims data and skewness of fraud distributions result with challenges in practical

Closedform approximated pricing of multivariate derivatives under switching regime models Appl. Stoch. Models Bus.Ind. (IF 1.338) Pub Date : 20210525
Alexander Alvarez, Atousa Assadi, Kai LiuMarkov switching regime models have played an increasingly important role in finance and economics, especially for business cycles and long swings in currencies. Regimeswitching models provide a simple way to capture stochastic volatility and thus overcomes the drawback of the classical lognormality assumption characterized by constant volatility. This paper considers multivariate Black and Scholes

Optimal preventive maintenance for reparable networks Appl. Stoch. Models Bus.Ind. (IF 1.338) Pub Date : 20210524
Maryam Memari, Somayeh Zarezadeh, Majid AsadiNowadays, networks (systems) appear in many areas of science and technology. One of the most important strategies to reduce the likelihood of the failure of an operating network is preventive maintenance (PM). In this article, we propose some optimal PM models for a network consisting of n, n ≥ 1, links (components). The criteria of interest are the “cost function” of renewing the network and “stationary

A moment matching method for option pricing under stochastic interest rates Appl. Stoch. Models Bus.Ind. (IF 1.338) Pub Date : 20210507
Fabio Antonelli, Alessandro Ramponi, Sergio ScarlattiIn this paper, we present a new and straightforward approximation methodology for pricing a call option in a Black and Scholes market, characterized by stochastic interest rates. The method relies on a Gaussian moment matching technique applied to a conditional Black and Scholes formula, used to disentangle the distributional complexity of the underlying price process. The problem then reduces to exploiting

A micro‐to‐macro approach to returns, volumes and waiting times Appl. Stoch. Models Bus.Ind. (IF 1.338) Pub Date : 20210506
Guglielmo D'Amico, Filippo PetroniModelling stock prices has been a research topic for many decades and it is still an open question. Different approaches have been used in the literature, the majority of which can be classified within the so‐called econometric framework and sometimes also referred to as the macro‐to‐micro approach. Another strand of literature relies on the modelling of directly observable quantities, the so‐called

Financial time series analysis and forecasting with Hilbert–Huang transform feature generation and machine learning Appl. Stoch. Models Bus.Ind. (IF 1.338) Pub Date : 20210503
Tim Leung, Theodore ZhaoWe present the method of complementary ensemble empirical mode decomposition and Hilbert–Huang transform (HHT) for analyzing nonstationary financial time series. This noise‐assisted approach decomposes any time series into a number of intrinsic mode functions, along with the corresponding instantaneous amplitudes and instantaneous frequencies. Different combinations of modes allow us to reconstruct

On optimal maintenance of degrading multistate systems with state‐dependent cost of repair Appl. Stoch. Models Bus.Ind. (IF 1.338) Pub Date : 20210426
Maxim Finkelstein, Serkan EryilmazThis article considers an optimal maintenance policy for the multistate systems with the finite number of states. Each state is described by its level of performance ranging from the perfect one to the zero level for the state of failure. Moreover, we assume that the cost of preventive maintenance (PM; i.e., repair/rejuvenation in our case) also depends on the state of a system. Based on the proposed

Network‐based semisupervised clustering Appl. Stoch. Models Bus.Ind. (IF 1.338) Pub Date : 20210324
Luca Frigau, Giulia Contu, Francesco Mola, Claudio ConversanoSemisupervised clustering extends standard clustering methods to the semisupervised setting, in some cases considering situations when clusters are associated with a given outcome variable that acts as a “noisy surrogate,” that is a good proxy of the unknown clustering structure. In this article, a novel approach to semisupervised clustering associated with an outcome variable named network‐based semisupervised

Hybridized artificial neural network classifiers with a novel feature selection procedure based genetic algorithms and information complexity in credit scoring Appl. Stoch. Models Bus.Ind. (IF 1.338) Pub Date : 20210329
Damla Ilter, Eylem Deniz, Ozan KocadagliThe credit scoring is a statistical analysis performed by financial institutions to represent the creditworthiness of an individual or small and medium‐sized enterprise. A credit score is a numerical quantity that can be qualified by a rating label showing the potential risk. In order to determine which customers are likely to bring in the most revenue at the exact interest rate and credit limits,

Multivariate process control charts based on the Lp depth Appl. Stoch. Models Bus.Ind. (IF 1.338) Pub Date : 20210412
Giuseppe Pandolfo, Carmela Iorio, Michele Staiano, Massimo Aria, Roberta SicilianoEven if large historical dataset could be available for monitoring key quality features of a process via multivariate control charts, previous knowledge may not be enough to reliably identify or adopt a unique model for all the variables. When no specific parametric model turns out to be appropriate, some alternative solutions should be adopted and exploiting non‐parametric methods to build a control

Design of experiments and manufacturing design space for multi‐step processes Appl. Stoch. Models Bus.Ind. (IF 1.338) Pub Date : 20210405
Rosamarie Frieri, Marco Mariti, Marilena PaludiMost industrial processes are composed of multiple subsequent steps. In this article, we provide a statistical approach to design experiments and to define the manufacturing design space of multi‐step processes by taking into account the complex system of interactions among steps. We consider each intermediate outcome as an additional input factor in the next step and we plan experiments following

Fast heuristic approach for control of complex authentication systems Appl. Stoch. Models Bus.Ind. (IF 1.338) Pub Date : 20210405
Oguz Toragay, Daniel F. SilvaIn secure networks, the authentication process, which verifies a user's identity, is a sensitive operation. Balancing the authentication process's security and usability while keeping operating costs low is a major challenge. We investigate this process in a secure system that has multiple authentication methods available. The goal is to find a fast and easy‐to‐implement approach to assign incoming

Interval selection: A case‐study‐based approach Appl. Stoch. Models Bus.Ind. (IF 1.338) Pub Date : 20210327
Rosa Arboretti, Riccardo Ceccato, Luca Pegoraro, Luigi SalmasoVariable selection plays a fundamental role in the analysis of data containing several variables which are redundant or irrelevant to the problem of interest. The ability to identify and discard these variables would make it possible to improve predictive performances and data interpretation, thus reducing costs and computational time. Although many methods have been proposed for feature selection

The generalized linear model‐based exponentially weighted moving average and cumulative sum charts for the monitoring of high‐quality processes Appl. Stoch. Models Bus.Ind. (IF 1.338) Pub Date : 20210323
Tahir Mahmood, Narayanaswamy Balakrishnan, Min XieIn this industry 4.0 revolution, most of the manufacturing processes are equipped with the digital devices which are continuously recording the data. To monitor the quality of a manufacturing system, variable about number of conforming or nonconforming items is usually used and statistical analysis based on it is further utilized for developing the policies. In this era of sophisticated and modern

Controlling the exponentially weighted moving average S2 control chart false alarm behavior when the in‐control variance level must be estimated Appl. Stoch. Models Bus.Ind. (IF 1.338) Pub Date : 20210323
Sven KnothInvestigating the problem of setting control limits for an exponentially weighted moving average (EWMA) chart in the case of parameter uncertainty is more accessible when monitoring the variance because only one parameter has to be estimated. Simply ignoring the induced uncertainty frequently leads to control charts with poor false alarm performances. Adjusting the unconditional in‐control (IC) average

Identification of spatial defects in semiconductor manufacturing Appl. Stoch. Models Bus.Ind. (IF 1.338) Pub Date : 20210323
Riccardo Borgoni, Chiara Galimberti, Diego ZappaIn this article, we investigate the occurrence of defects in integrated circuit fabrication and show how spatial analysis can be effective in grasping and representing spatial regularities in defect patterns on the silicon supports, called wafers, used to produce microchips. Defects occurring on the wafer surface are the main cause of yield loss in the semiconductor industry; hence, to promptly detect

Improving promotional effectiveness for consumer goods—A dynamic Bayesian approach Appl. Stoch. Models Bus.Ind. (IF 1.338) Pub Date : 20210316
Balaji Raman, Kamal Sen, Venu Gorti, Nalini RavishankerA leading global personal care manufacturer was spending millions of dollars towards giving promotional offers on various goods throughout the year. The C‐suite (i.e., CEO, CFO, COO, and CIO) of the global personal care firm was aware of the increasing promotion spends year on year and this led to questions on promotion effectiveness. The main question faced by the firm was whether the returns they

Rejoinder to “Virtual age, is it real?” Appl. Stoch. Models Bus.Ind. (IF 1.338) Pub Date : 20210127
Maxim Finkelstein, Ji Hwan ChaIn this rejoinder, we first comment on valuable discussions of contributors. Based on these meaningful inputs, we proceed with description of the notion of “virtual age” from different perspectives. We also add a more detailed description for the new concept of a random virtual age that is applied to degrading items. The latter is used for age recalculation when one operational regime is switched to

Clustering ultrasonic waves propagation time: A hierarchical polynomial semiparametric approach Appl. Stoch. Models Bus.Ind. (IF 1.338) Pub Date : 20210203
Daiane Aparecida Zuanetti, Rosineide Fernando da Paz, Talisson Rodrigues, Esequiel MesquitaIn the field of civil engineering, nondestructive evaluation (NDE) can be understood as the process of a material or structural element assessment based on techniques that do not introduces damage to the assessed sample. NDE can be used to inspect the quality of materials or to find some damages, as cracks and voids. This way, ultrasonic data monitoring has become one of the most important tools for

Univariate and multivariate mixtures of exponential distributions, with applications in risk modeling Appl. Stoch. Models Bus.Ind. (IF 1.338) Pub Date : 20210126
Hélène Cossette, Etienne Marceau, Itre Mtalai, Déry VeilleuxMixed exponential distributions are frequently used in actuarial risk modeling. Distributions obtained through mixtures allow greater flexibility in the modeling of nonlife insurance loss amounts. Several research works have studied mixed exponential distributions in univariate and multivariate settings. The present article highlights the usefulness of such distributions and lays the story of the mixing

Inference on errors in industrial parts: Kriging and variogram versus geometrical product specifications standard Appl. Stoch. Models Bus.Ind. (IF 1.338) Pub Date : 20210114
Giacomo Maculotti, Giovanni Pistone, Grazia VicarioThis article focuses on the inference on the errors in manufactured parts controlled by using measurements devices. The characterization of the part surface topographies is core in several applications. A broad set of properties (tribological, optical, biological, mechanical, etc.) depends on the micro‐ and macrogeometry of the parts. Moreover, parts usually show typical deterministic geometric deviation

Machine learning techniques in nested stochastic simulations for life insurance Appl. Stoch. Models Bus.Ind. (IF 1.338) Pub Date : 20210114
Gilberto Castellani, Ugo Fiore, Zelda Marino, Luca Passalacqua, Francesca Perla, Salvatore Scognamiglio, Paolo ZanettiThe insurance regulatory regime introduced in the European Union by the “Solvency II” Directive 2009/138, that has become applicable on 1 January 2016, is aimed to safeguard policyholders and beneficiaries by requiring insurance undertakings to hold own funds able to cover losses, in excess to the expected ones, at the 99.5% confidence level, over a 1‐year period. In order to assess risks and evaluate

Optimal burnin policy based on a set of cutoff points using mixture inverse Gaussian degradation process and copulas Appl. Stoch. Models Bus.Ind. (IF 1.338) Pub Date : 20210110
Lia H. M. Morita, Vera L. Tomazella, Paulo H. Ferreira, Pedro L. Ramos, Narayanaswamy Balakrishnan, Francisco LouzadaBurnin tests have been discussed extensively in the reliability literature, wherein we operate items until high degradation values are observed, which could separate the weak units from the normal ones before they get to the market. This concept is often referred to as a screening procedure, and it involves misclassification errors. Commonly, the underlying degradation process is assumed to be a Wiener

Fast calibration of two‐factor models for energy option pricing Appl. Stoch. Models Bus.Ind. (IF 1.338) Pub Date : 20210110
Emanuele Fabbiani, Andrea Marziali, Giuseppe De NicolaoDeregulation of energy markets in the 90s boosted the interest in energy derivatives. Over the last two decades, more and more complex financial instruments were developed. Pricing exotic derivatives often involves Monte Carlo simulations, which rely on stochastic processes to model the underlyings: it is thus critical to choose appropriate models and precisely calibrate them, so that they reflect

Foreign exchange rate volatility smiles and smirks Appl. Stoch. Models Bus.Ind. (IF 1.338) Pub Date : 20210105
SunYong Choi, JeongHoon Kim, JiHun YoonWe study the implied volatilities of three foreign exchange (FX) option markets: EUD/USD, GBP/USD, and AUD/USD. We find that they are distinct from each other. The implied volatilities of the EUD/USD market tend to be more Ushaped than those of other markets. Local volatility models such as the constant elasticity of variance (CEV) model and stochastic volatility models, such as the Heston model,

Model robust profile monitoring for the generalized linear mixed model for Phase I analysis Appl. Stoch. Models Bus.Ind. (IF 1.338) Pub Date : 20201102
Keerthi Bandara, Abdel‐Salam G. Abdel‐Salam, Jeffrey B. BirchThe generalized linear mixed model (GLMM) becomes very popular in profile monitoring, especially when the production processes follow nonnormal distribution. In most of the real‐life applications in industry, medicine, biology…and so on researchers assume that the response variable follows a Bernoulli or Binomial distribution. The majority of previous studies in profile monitoring focused on parametric

Modeling swine population dynamics at a finer temporal resolution Appl. Stoch. Models Bus.Ind. (IF 1.338) Pub Date : 20201203
Luca Sartore, Yijun Wei, Emilola Abayomi, Seth Riggins, Gavin Corral, Valbona Bejleri, Clifford SpiegelmanThe United States Department of Agriculture's National Agricultural Statistics Service (NASS) uses probability surveys of hog owners to estimate quarterly hog inventories in the United States at the national and state levels. NASS also receives data from external sources. A panel of commodity experts forms the Agricultural Statistics Board (ASB). The ASB establishes the NASS official estimates for

A graphical diagnostic for heavy tailed data Appl. Stoch. Models Bus.Ind. (IF 1.338) Pub Date : 20201105
John P. NolanGraphical diagnostics are described for general heavy tailed data. This tool allows for a model free assessment of the tails of a univariate dataset a transform on the tails of the data. In addition, one can add to the basic plots comparisons of a dataset to multiple models. Multivariate extensions are described using an ordering based on distance from a center.

Periodic point processes: Theory and application Appl. Stoch. Models Bus.Ind. (IF 1.338) Pub Date : 20201103
Stephen D. CaseyWe address the problems of extracting information generated by one dimensional periodic point processes. These problems arise in numerous situations, from astronomy and biomedical applications to reliability and quality control and signal processing. We divide our analysis into two cases, namely single and then multiple source(s). We wish to extract the fundamental period of the generator(s), and,

Modeling multivariate degradation processes with timevariant covariates and imperfect maintenance effects Appl. Stoch. Models Bus.Ind. (IF 1.338) Pub Date : 20201210
Xiaolin Wang, Olivier Gaudoin, Laurent Doyen, Christophe Bérenguer, Min XieThis article proposes two types of degradation models that are suitable for describing multivariate degrading systems subject to timevariant covariates and imperfect maintenance activities. A multivariate Wiener process is constructed as a baseline model, on top of which two types of models are developed to meaningfully characterize the timevariant covariates and imperfect maintenance effects. The

An improved Hotelling's T2 chart for monitoring a finite horizon process based on run rules schemes: A Markovchain approach Appl. Stoch. Models Bus.Ind. (IF 1.338) Pub Date : 20201202
XinYing Chew, Michael Boon Chong Khoo, Khai Wah Khaw, Ming Ha LeeQuality improvement has been receiving great attention in industries. In recent years, the finite horizon process is commonly encountered in industries due to flexible manufacturing production. Past research works on finite horizon process monitoring are still limited. Because of this, three run rules Hotelling's T2 charts are proposed to monitor a finite horizon process. The performance measures of

Optimal decisiontheoretic sampling plan for two exponential distributions under joint censoring scheme Appl. Stoch. Models Bus.Ind. (IF 1.338) Pub Date : 20201120
Deepak Prajapati, Shuvashree Mondal, Debasis KunduIn statistical quality control, decisiontheoretic approach draws a significant amount of attention due to its economic considerations. In reliability life testing, decisiontheoretic approach has been used quite extensively under different censoring schemes. All these implementations are based on single sample of products coming from a particular source. In this work we study decisiontheoretic approach

Securing logistics system and supply chain using Blockchain Appl. Stoch. Models Bus.Ind. (IF 1.338) Pub Date : 20201111
Ajay Kumar, Kumar Abhishek, Muhammad Rukunuddin Ghalib, Pranav Nerurkar, Sunil Bhirud, Waleed Alnumay, S. Ananda Kumar, Pushpita Chatterjee, Uttam GhoshPast international trade practices have been associated with opaque information flows that have hindered traceability and created hurdles in hasslefree trade. Blockchain and allied technologies have been investigated as a panacea for the problems faced by supply chain and logistics industry. Network analysis also uncovered twenty types of legal and antisocial entities operating on bitcoin and provided

Bayesian piecewise stochastic frontier model to estimate initial public offering pricing efficiency under issuance policy reforms Appl. Stoch. Models Bus.Ind. (IF 1.338) Pub Date : 20201110
Shijie Jin, Xinyu Wang, Zhuqing Wang, Yan XuPrevious studies measure the pricing efficiency of initial public offerings (IPOs) using stochastic frontier analysis, but it is conventionally assumed that all IPOs have the same stochastic frontier function. We study how to measure IPO pricing efficiency under successional issuance policy reforms such as China's Growth Enterprise Market (GEM), where IPOs issued in different time periods might have

The competitive lossaverse newsvendor problem with quantityoriented reference point Appl. Stoch. Models Bus.Ind. (IF 1.338) Pub Date : 20201106
Kun Xie, Yongjiang GuoWe study a twonewsvendor competition problem in which both newsvendors are lossaverse and have adaptive quantityoriented reference points. Each newsvendor faces stochastic demand determined by some demand reallocation rule and aims to choose an optimal inventory level to maximize her expected utility. Since the demand reallocation rule indicates that one newsvendor's demand affects the inventory

The journey to establish the discipline of statistical engineering Appl. Stoch. Models Bus.Ind. (IF 1.338) Pub Date : 20201014
Roger W. Hoerl, G. Geoff ViningSeveral journal articles, websites, and conferences have recently focused on the emerging discipline of statistical engineering. This discipline focuses on developing the theory and practice of how to address large, complex, unstructured problems, particularly those that require data and analysis. While good statisticians and engineers have always applied statistical engineering, they did not generally

Reliability assessment for discrete time shock models via phasetype distributions Appl. Stoch. Models Bus.Ind. (IF 1.338) Pub Date : 20201008
Serkan Eryilmaz, Cihangir KanIn this paper, particular shock models are studied for the case when the times between successive shocks and the magnitudes of shocks have discrete phasetype distributions. The wellknown shock models such as delta shock model, extreme shock model, and the mixed shock model which is obtained by combining delta and extreme shock models are considered. The probability generating function and recursive

A fundamental problem of hypothesis testing with finite inventory in e‐commerce Appl. Stoch. Models Bus.Ind. (IF 1.338) Pub Date : 20201007
Dennis Bohle, Alexander Marynych, Matthias MeinersIn this paper, we draw attention to a problem that is often overlooked or ignored by companies practicing hypothesis testing (A/B testing) in online environments. We show that conducting experiments on limited inventory that is shared between variants in the experiment can lead to high false positive rates since the core assumption of independence between the groups is violated. We provide a detailed

Discussion of virtual age, is it real? Appl. Stoch. Models Bus.Ind. (IF 1.338) Pub Date : 20201005
Lirong CuiIn this note, some point of views on virtual ages are presented in terms of the discussion paper written by Finkelstein and Cha, which include generalized stochastic order‐based virtual ages, system‐level virtual ages, virtual ages in Weibull distribution and repair degrees with virtual ages. Finally, some possible future researches on virtual ages are described.

Connecting copula properties with reliability properties of coherent systems Appl. Stoch. Models Bus.Ind. (IF 1.338) Pub Date : 20201004
Jorge Navarro, Fabrizio Durante, Juan FernándezSánchezWe connect copula properties with stochastic comparisons between order statistics (koutofn systems) and coherent systems with dependent components. The copula dependence properties lead to marginal distributionfree ordering properties between systems. Conversely, ordering properties of systems lead to properties (or new proofs of properties) for the baseline copulas. These relationships can be

Blockchain for supply chain performance and logistics management Appl. Stoch. Models Bus.Ind. (IF 1.338) Pub Date : 20201001
Juanjuan Yang, Xiuming Ma, Rubén González Crespo, Oscar Sanjuán MartínezThe trend of digitalization uses modern relationship models across global supply chain (SC) management. The main objective of this article is to identify SC current problems with the help of the knowledge sharing aspect using blockchain technology. This article addresses selected problems for managing modern SCs with a view to shared knowledge based on information management, effects of product and

Sequential detection of parameter changes in dynamic conditional correlation models Appl. Stoch. Models Bus.Ind. (IF 1.338) Pub Date : 20200928
Katharina Pape, Pedro Galeano, Dominik WiedA multivariate monitoring procedure is presented to detect changes in the parameter vector of the dynamic conditional correlation model. The procedure can be used to detect changes in both the conditional and unconditional variances as well as in the correlation structure of the model. The detector is based on the contributions of individual observations to the gradient of the quasi‐log‐likelihood

The determinants of social promotion success: A case study of crowdfunding projects Appl. Stoch. Models Bus.Ind. (IF 1.338) Pub Date : 20200925
Feifei Wang, Yang Yang, Geoffrey K. F. Tso, Yang LiCrowdfunding has emerged as a major way to raise financial supports through collaborative contributions of the general public. In recent studies, promotional activities are found to be highly influential to the final outcome of crowdfunding projects. In order to conduct effective and efficient promotional campaigns, it is essential to contiguously monitor their progress status and investigate the determinants

Inferential aspects for the optimal selection of the control parameters in Taguchi method Appl. Stoch. Models Bus.Ind. (IF 1.338) Pub Date : 20200923
Silvia Facchinetti, Silvia Angela Osmetti, Umberto MagagnoliThis article focuses on the estimation of dispersion effects in off‐line quality control techniques. In this context, the Taguchi design for the optimal choice of process parameters is one of the most commonly used statistical methods. Starting from Taguchi methodology, we consider that an additive or a multiplicative model defines the relationship between the deterministic component and the variability

On the new operational characteristic for degrading systems executing missions of fixed duration Appl. Stoch. Models Bus.Ind. (IF 1.338) Pub Date : 20200920
Maxim Finkelstein, Gregory LevitinIn practice, it is often important to know how a system is performing as compared with initial, prior assessment of its reliability characteristics (black‐box scenario). For degrading systems, this comparison can be executed by observing degradation dynamically and then comparing the corresponding remaining lifetime of an operating system at each instant of time with that of the black‐box scenario

Smart contract for electricity transactions and charge settlements using blockchain Appl. Stoch. Models Bus.Ind. (IF 1.338) Pub Date : 20200911
Jing Lu, Shihong Wu, Hanlei Cheng, Bin Song, Zhiyu XiangIn this article, aimed at the future “let go” electricity market, smart contracts for grid enterprises doing electricity transactions and charge settlements based on blockchain technology, as well as the trading model using the smart contracts, are proposed. Then the key technological difficulties are analyzed, and the solutions are given. The main goal of our research is to help developing the infrastructure

Virtual age, is it real? ‐ Discussing virtual age in reliability context Appl. Stoch. Models Bus.Ind. (IF 1.338) Pub Date : 20200907
Maxim Finkelstein, Ji Hwan ChaSeveral settings, where the notion of virtual age is employed, are discussed. We argue that the age reduction imperfect repair modeling is often not sufficiently justified in practice, as it is not possible to execute repair in most of real situations that conforms with this model. On the other hand, a shock‐based virtual age model is suggested and justified via the probabilities of failures on shocks

Bayesian hierarchical spatial regression models for spatial data in the presence of missing covariates with applications Appl. Stoch. Models Bus.Ind. (IF 1.338) Pub Date : 20200907
Zhihua Ma, Guanyu Hu, Ming‐Hui ChenIn many applications, survey data are collected from different survey centers in different regions. It happens that in some circumstances, response variables are completely observed while the covariates have missing values. In this article, we propose a joint spatial regression model for the response variable and missing covariates via a sequence of one‐dimensional conditional spatial regression models

On the information properties of working used systems using dynamic signature Appl. Stoch. Models Bus.Ind. (IF 1.338) Pub Date : 20200831
Abdolsaeed Toomaj, Majid Chahkandi, Narayanaswamy BalakrishnanShannon entropy is a useful criterion for measuring the uncertainty (predictability) of lifetimes of engineering systems. In this work, we provide an explicit expression for the entropy of the residual lifetime of a working used system with exactly i failed components at time t, using dynamic signature. We also present additional results on bounds and ordering properties for the proposed entropy. We

Preservation of some stochastic orders by distortion functions with application to coherent systems with exchangeable components Appl. Stoch. Models Bus.Ind. (IF 1.338) Pub Date : 20200825
Antonio Arriaza, Miguel A. SordoThe preservation of stochastic orders by distortion functions has become a topic of increasing interest in the reliability analysis of coherent systems. The reason of this interest is that the reliability function of a coherent system with identically distributed components can be represented as a distortion function of the common reliability function of the components. In this framework, we study

Ordering properties of generalized aggregation with applications Appl. Stoch. Models Bus.Ind. (IF 1.338) Pub Date : 20200806
Weiyong Ding, Chuchu Wang, Yiying ZhangThe generalized aggregation ∑ i = 1 n W i ϕ ( X i , a i ) arises in many research fields including applied probability, actuarial science, and reliability theory, where ϕ is a bivariate kernel function and a is a parameter vector. One of its remarkable features is that both X and W are dependent in many practical situations. Therefore, studying the stochastic properties of generalized aggregations

Cost‐efficient monitoring of continuous‐time stochastic processes based on discrete observations Appl. Stoch. Models Bus.Ind. (IF 1.338) Pub Date : 20200806
Hidekazu Yoshioka, Yuta Yaegashi, Motoh Tsujimura, Yumi YoshiokaPlanning a cost‐efficient monitoring policy of stochastic processes arises from many industrial problems. We formulate a simple discrete‐time monitoring problem of continuous‐time stochastic processes with its applications to several industrial problems. A key in our model is a doubling trick of the variables, with which we can construct an algorithm to solve the problem. The cost‐efficient monitoring

Options on constant proportion portfolio insurance with guaranteed minimum equity exposure Appl. Stoch. Models Bus.Ind. (IF 1.338) Pub Date : 20200804
Luca Di Persio, Immacolata Oliva, Kai WallbaumIn the present paper we study a new exotic option offering participation in a dynamic asset allocation strategy, which is an extension of the wellknown Constant Proportion Portfolio Insurance (CPPI) strategy Our novel approach consists in assuming that the percentage of wealth invested in stocks cannot go under a fixed level, called guaranteed minimum equity exposure (GMEE) In particular, our proposal