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  • Comparing and Clustering Residential Layouts Using a Novel Measure of Grating Difference
    Nexus Netw. J. (IF 0.333) Pub Date : 2020-10-15
    Ran Xiao

    Clustering is widely used as a knowledge discovery method in scientific studies but is not often used in architectural research. This paper applies clustering to a dataset of 129 residential layouts, which were collected from contemporary architectural practices, to reveal underlying design patterns. To achieve this, this paper introduces a novel measure for the topological properties of layouts: ‘grating

    更新日期:2020-10-16
  • Weberian Focal-Directorial Curves
    Nexus Netw. J. (IF 0.333) Pub Date : 2020-10-13
    Maja Petrović, Branko Malešević, Radovan Štulić

    In this paper, new plane curves (multidirectorial curves as counterpart to multifocal curves; and focal-directorial curves as curves of a transitory type) are considered through geometric genesis, and their form variation for special choices of foci and directrices disposition. Furthermore, the form variation of Weberian focal-directorial curves (WFDC) for different values of accompanying parameter

    更新日期:2020-10-13
  • Geometry of Ancient Mazes, Part I: ‘Cretan’ Mazes
    Nexus Netw. J. (IF 0.333) Pub Date : 2020-10-10
    Bernard Parzysz

    The aim of the present survey is to investigate the processes implemented for conceiving and setting up two major types of mazes which have come down to us on various media (stone, mosaic, painting, ceramic, coins…) from Prehistoric times to Roman Empire (and, for some, even later). Based on a corpus of 83 mazes, the two sets usually known as ‘Cretan’ and ‘Roman’ could be characterized and differentiated

    更新日期:2020-10-11
  • Mapping the Persistence and Evolution of the Quincunx
    Nexus Netw. J. (IF 0.333) Pub Date : 2020-10-08
    Fabio Colonnese

    The quincunx is a pattern that passes through different ages and cultures of Western world. It spread in the Byzantine era; it flourishes during the Renaissance, either in combination or as an alternative to the Vitruvian proportioning criteria; it suffers from a process of mathematization in the eighteenth century; it arrives at the twentieth century in the form of the so-called “nine-square grid

    更新日期:2020-10-11
  • The Racetrack Oval Frame Vault of Villa Borromeo in Cassano d’Adda
    Nexus Netw. J. (IF 0.333) Pub Date : 2020-10-06
    Chiara Stanga

    The paper describes the analysis of the oval frame vault of the ballroom of Villa Borromeo in Cassano d’Adda (Milan), one of the most important, yet not deeply studied, countryside villas of the Adda family. The vault is a particular example of a frame vault on an oval plan, where the main elements that characterize the space are the skene arches and the curved lunettes. The article sheds light on

    更新日期:2020-10-07
  • Patterns and Tonalities in Architecture and Music
    Nexus Netw. J. (IF 0.333) Pub Date : 2020-10-03
    Jannis Athanasopoulos

    In everyday life, the interdependence of any individual with her or his surrounding environment is self-evident. The subconscious consolidation of spatial orientation by the human being is fundamental to most activities. However, in artistic and aesthetically motivated works, creating a clear sense of spatial orientation is not always the artist’s main intention. Especially in creative activities that

    更新日期:2020-10-04
  • A Methodological Approach for the Study of Domes
    Nexus Netw. J. (IF 0.333) Pub Date : 2020-10-02
    Carlo Bianchini

    Domes still represents a prickly subject, large dimensions coupled with a limited accessibility making their study difficult and time-consuming. Although throughout history this problem has been tackled in different ways, relevant methodological and operational issues have until now limited the success of these efforts. Digital technologies have radically changed this scenario. 3D active and passive

    更新日期:2020-10-02
  • Transverse Arches in Spanish Ribless Vaults
    Nexus Netw. J. (IF 0.333) Pub Date : 2020-10-02
    Pablo Navarro Camallonga

    This article selects Spanish ribless vaults as the object of study and presents new research findings derived from the analysis of formal aspects. Although these vaults have been studied in depth, a notably important question remains that substantially modifies the design proposed, as well as their stereotomy and construction. In particular, the analysis of so-called transverse joints should be conducted

    更新日期:2020-10-02
  • Geometry, the Measure of the World
    Nexus Netw. J. (IF 0.333) Pub Date : 2009
    Alexandra Cláudia Rebelo Paio

    This study considers the relationship between the approach to urban planning in Portugal up to the eighteenth century, and the effective process of urbanisation, from both a theoretical and practical perspective. Portuguese urban layout does not develop as a set of random shapes but rather arises from structured thinking by “urban makers” who are firmly grounded in the subject of geometry. Being able

    更新日期:2020-09-23
  • Akhet Khufu: Archaeo-astronomical Hints at a Common Project of the Two Main Pyramids of Giza, Egypt
    Nexus Netw. J. (IF 0.333) Pub Date : 2009
    Giulio Magli

    The architectural complexes composed by the two main pyramids of Giza together with their temples are investigated from an interdisciplinary point of view, taking into account their astronomical alignments as well as their relationships with the visible landscape. Combining already known facts together with new clues, the work strongly supports the idea that the two complexes were conceived as parts

    更新日期:2020-09-23
  • The Megalithic Building of S. Erasmo di Cesi: Architecture, Astronomy, and Landscape
    Nexus Netw. J. (IF 0.333) Pub Date : 2009
    Giulio Magli; Nicola Schiavottiello

    One of the most enigmatic megalithic buildings of Italy is the structure which lies on the S. Erasmo hill near Cesi, in Umbria, a huge complex encompassing an area of around 8000 square meters and enclosed by refined cyclopean walls. Although its date is uncertain, suggested dates comprise the Iron Age and archaic period, down to the third century B.C. The building’s function is also uncertain. Usually

    更新日期:2020-09-23
  • The Story of Science
    Nexus Netw. J. (IF 0.333) Pub Date : 2007
    Joy Hakim; Sabine Russ; Kim Williams

    The Story of Science is a book series by Joy Hakim of which the first three volumes are now available – Aristotle Leads the Way (2004), Newton at the Center (2005) and Einstein Adds a New Dimension (2007) – and three more are planned. The books represent an on-going project aimed at teaching science in a way that is both specific and interdisciplinary. Kim Williams discussed the project and its goals

    更新日期:2020-09-23
  • The N4C Joint
    Nexus Netw. J. (IF 0.333) Pub Date : 2009
    Jesús Molina

    This paper discusses the discovery that four oblique prisms with a square cross section can intersect, forming a joint by means of a notch parallel to the horizontal plane. The use of this joint in new constructions is explored.

    更新日期:2020-09-23
  • Mathematics for/from Society: The Role of the Module in Modernizing Japanese Architectural Production
    Nexus Netw. J. (IF 0.333) Pub Date : 2009
    Izumi Kuroishi

    This paper presents an examination of the process of the development of module in the works and theories of Japanese architect Ikebe Kiyoshi (1920-79). Ikebe based his idea of module on the belief that “Beauty is Mathematics.” He applied his ideas of module in various ways from the 1940s to the 1970s. Analyzing his ideas and works against their historical background, the social and creative meanings

    更新日期:2020-09-23
  • Cognitive-Mathematical Approaches for Evaluating Architectural Contextual Fit
    Nexus Netw. J. (IF 0.333) Pub Date : 2009
    Natheer Abu-Obeid; Fuad K. Malkawi; Khaled Nassar; Basel Al-eideh

    The main goal of this study is to apply a scientific quantitative approach to the investigation of contextual fit. This is approached mathematically within the framework of cognitive science and research on categorization and prototypes. Two experiments investigated two leading mathematical-cognitive approaches for explaining people’s judgment of contextual fit of a new building with an architectural/urban

    更新日期:2020-09-23
  • Geometries of Imaginary Space: Architectural Developments of the Ideas of M. C. Escher and Buckminster Fuller
    Nexus Netw. J. (IF 0.333) Pub Date : 2009
    Giovanni Ferrero; Celestina Cotti; Michela Rossi; Cecilia Tedeschi

    The aim of this paper is to show how efficient mathematical models can be in simulating situations that are apparently distant from one another. The works of M. C. Escher and Buckminster Fuller are used as starting points for the exploration of the first applications of non-Euclidean geometry to architecture. The investigation goes on to fractals and chaos, nurbs, blob architecture and deconstructivism

    更新日期:2020-09-23
  • Mathematical Machines: A Laboratory for Mathematics
    Nexus Netw. J. (IF 0.333) Pub Date : 2009
    Laura Tedeschini Lalli

    Macchine matematiche; dalla storia alla scuola is a book by Maria Grazia Bartolini Bussi and Michela Maschietto that provides a description of the reconstruction of many historical machines for drawing, and their impact on the history of mathematics. Underlying the book’s thesis are ideas about education and developments in neuroscience. Laura Tedeschini Lalli discussed the book and the educational

    更新日期:2020-09-23
  • The Geometry of the Zodiac
    Nexus Netw. J. (IF 0.333) Pub Date : 2009
    Rachel Fletcher

    The zodiac is widely known as a band of twelve celestial constellations. It also contains a mathematical model for cosmographic depiction, based on observations of the sun, moon, and visible planets as they traverse the celestial ecliptic. Here wee consider the zodiac as a timepiece or calendar; how this system of planets and constellations emerges from elementary geometric patterns; and how these

    更新日期:2020-09-23
  • Using Key Diagrams to Design and Construct Roman Geometric Mosaics?
    Nexus Netw. J. (IF 0.333) Pub Date : 2009
    Bernard Parzysz

    The complexity shown by some geometrical patterns of Roman mosaics and the high quality of their realization lead to think that for such patterns, unlike scenes with human or animal figures, a model of the general pattern was certainly not sufficient to guide the setting up; in order to answer this question one is led to conjecture the existence of diagrams (key diagrams) with which the craftsman,

    更新日期:2020-09-23
  • Drawing, Form and Architecture: Two Projects for First-Year Students
    Nexus Netw. J. (IF 0.333) Pub Date : 2009
    Kim Williams

    Two recent projects for a first-year course in drawing for architecture students have been organized by Sylvie Duvernoy, Michela Rossi and Kay Bea Jones. The first, a four-phase program centering around a tour of the architecture of the Midwest in the United States, was implemented in Spring 2008. The second, a day-long seminar on designs for temporary architecture, took place in December 2008. In

    更新日期:2020-09-23
  • Continuity versus Discretization
    Nexus Netw. J. (IF 0.333) Pub Date : 2009
    Luisa Consiglieri; Victor Consiglieri

    The threefold interest in architecture, biology and mathematics motivated us to examine and justify new architectural forms. We discuss some notions of rhythm: Euclidean, morphogenetic and morphologic. Contemporary relationships between structure and form are based on the generation of shape by technological processes, thus the resulting objects are restricted to their material expression. Here a phenomenological

    更新日期:2020-09-23
  • Guarini, Juvarra e Antonelli. Segni e simboli per Torino
    Nexus Netw. J. (IF 0.333) Pub Date : 2009
    Valentina Filemio

    Valentina Filemio reports on a 2008 exhibit in Turin, Italy, that focussed on architects Guarino Guarini, Filippo Juvarra and Alessandro Antonelli.

    更新日期:2020-09-23
  • Nexus VII: Relationships Between Architecture and Mathematics
    Nexus Netw. J. (IF 0.333) Pub Date : 2009
    Sylvie Duvernoy

    Sylvie Duvernoy reports on the seventh international, interdisciplinary Nexus conference for architecture and mathematics.

    更新日期:2020-09-23
  • Nicola Zabaglia and the School of Practical Mechanics of the Fabbrica of St. Peter’s in Rome
    Nexus Netw. J. (IF 0.333) Pub Date : 2009
    Nicoletta Marconi

    Nicola Zabaglia, master mason of the Fabbrica of St. Peter’s and inventor of many ingenious mechanical devices for restoration, was also the director of the “School of Practical Mechanics” for the education of young labourers. At a time when traditional operational experience was strongly rivalled by the coeval achievements in the theory of mechanics and its effect on building, the work of Zabaglia

    更新日期:2020-09-23
  • Antonelli’s Dome for San Gaudenzio: Geometry and Statics
    Nexus Netw. J. (IF 0.333) Pub Date : 2009
    Massimo Corradi; Valentina Filemio; Massimo Trenetti

    In this brief note the authors describe the studies undertaken to date regarding the dome of the Basilica of San Gaudenzio in Novara designed by Alessandro Antonelli, with particular emphasis on the geometry and statics of the external dome. Following a brief summary of the events and vicissitudes attendant on the construction of the dome, the structure will be examined from the point of view of the

    更新日期:2020-09-23
  • Music and Architecture: A Cross between Inspiration and Method
    Nexus Netw. J. (IF 0.333) Pub Date : 2009
    Alessandra Capanna

    This paper is one of a set of lessons prepared for the course of “Theory of Architecture” (Faculty of Architecture – “La Sapienza” University of Rome). The didactic aim was to present – to students attending the first year of courses – some methods for the beginning stages of design and their applicability to any kind creative work. The brief multimedia hypertext quoted at the end of this paper was

    更新日期:2020-09-23
  • Can Chaos Theory Explain Complexity In Urban Fabric? Applications in Traditional Muslim Settlements
    Nexus Netw. J. (IF 0.333) Pub Date : 2009
    Mustapha Ben Hamouche

    The present work is a limited analysis of the traditional urban fabric of Muslim cities in the light of this theory. Chaos theory provides better instruments for the analysis and understanding of the traditional urban fabric in old Muslim cities that have, paradoxically, long been considered as lacking order and thus “chaotic” in the pejorative sense! Beyond the analysis, our study also aims at providing

    更新日期:2020-09-23
  • The Conceptual Design of the Octagon at Thessaloniki
    Nexus Netw. J. (IF 0.333) Pub Date : 2020-09-03
    Demetrius Savvides

    Numerous theoretical designs based on the geometrical shape of ad quadratum, sequences of squares or/and octagons have been used to speculate for the existence of archetype patterns in architecture. However, up to now no archaeological evidence of the existence of any such pattern has been documented. The present work examines whether a diagram incised on stone found in the Octagon in Thessaloniki

    更新日期:2020-09-03
  • Measuring the Entropy of Sinan’s Muqarnas Patterns
    Nexus Netw. J. (IF 0.333) Pub Date : 2020-08-28
    Orkan Zeynel Güzelci, Sema Alaçam, Asena Kumsal Şen Bayram, Igor Lacroix

    This paper presents a novel computational model to measure the entropy value of 2-dimensional geometric patterns. The model takes an image file as input, it automatically identifies shapes and calculates entropy values for the given patterns based on the adjacency relationships of the detected shape tokens and the repetition frequencies of the shapes in the whole. The model utilizes Shannon’s definition

    更新日期:2020-08-28
  • The Roman Ashlar Groin Vault at Grotta dei Massacci
    Nexus Netw. J. (IF 0.333) Pub Date : 2020-08-27
    José Calvo-López, Giulia Piccinin, Pau Natividad-Vivó, Alessio Bortot

    Some authors have downplayed the importance of complex vaulted systems in ashlar in Roman architecture. This has led them to seek the origins of Early Modern stonecutting in Christian Syria or Languedocian Romanesque. However, some examples in many regions of the Empire, including Lazio, argue for the existence of advanced stonecutting techniques in the Roman world. In this paper, we will study an

    更新日期:2020-08-28
  • Ashlar Staircases with Warped Vaults in Sixteenth- to Eighteenth-Century Spain
    Nexus Netw. J. (IF 0.333) Pub Date : 2020-08-25
    Concepción López González, Rafael Marín-Sánchez

    During the sixteenth to eighteenth centuries, three-section cantilevered stone stairways supported by vaults of complex warped shapes were built along Spain’s Mediterranean coast. Presented here are five case studies. The geometric analyses and the comparative study with the relevant treatise illustrate the existence of a geometric construction method. The process involves handling elevation and plan

    更新日期:2020-08-26
  • The Vault and Coffers of S. Bernardo alle Terme in Rome
    Nexus Netw. J. (IF 0.333) Pub Date : 2020-08-18
    Licinia Aliberti

    The great variety of geometries of the inner surface of Roman domes is still an important issue to be explored. The aim of this research is to study the geometry of the vault of the church of S. Bernardo alle Terme in Rome and the relation with its constructive techniques. The church was built using an ancient Roman structure that was part of the Baths of Diocletian and preserves its entire dome. The

    更新日期:2020-08-18
  • Emerging Spanning Trees in the Work of Candilis–Josic–Woods
    Nexus Netw. J. (IF 0.333) Pub Date : 2020-08-17
    Georgios-Spyridon Athanasopoulos

    This paper introduces the use of graph theory for the study of the work of Candilis–Josic–Woods. Α short introduction to the architects’ main strategies as members of Team Χ and CIAM (Congrès Internationaux d’Architecture Moderne) critics is given. Geometry and computational design methods for city planning and design are briefly discussed. Definitions of the minimum spanning tree, the shortest walk

    更新日期:2020-08-18
  • History, Geometry and Stereotomy in the Vaults of the Halle au Blé
    Nexus Netw. J. (IF 0.333) Pub Date : 2020-08-10
    Agostino De Rosa, Francesco Bergamo, Antonio Calandriello

    This paper analyses the history, cultural background, geometric configuration and stereotomic apparatus of one of the most interesting buildings in the urban landscape of Paris between the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries, the Halle au Blé in Rue de Viarmes, also known in English as Corn Exchange. This building, which over the years underwent several formal, functional and structural transformations

    更新日期:2020-08-11
  • The Computer-Aided Rough Patterns of Christopher Alexander
    Nexus Netw. J. (IF 0.333) Pub Date : 2020-08-04
    Diana Cristobal Olave

    This paper analyzes Christopher Alexander’s combined use of mathematical graphs and hand-made diagrams, and argues that such affinities marked the insertion of roughness into architectural computational thinking. Within the techno-scientific context of American postwar architecture, the techniques of transcription and calculation used by Alexander at the Center for Environmental Structure reveal the

    更新日期:2020-08-05
  • Origin of Irregular Star Polygons in Ground Projection Plans of Muqarnas
    Nexus Netw. J. (IF 0.333) Pub Date : 2020-08-04
    Asli Agirbas, Gulnur Yildiz

    Many muqarnas contain star polygons in their ground projection plans. Such star polygons usually have equal edge lengths. In this study, the geometric background of irregular star polygons with unequal edge lengths, observed in some ground projection plans of muqarnas, was investigated. The plan of the muqarnas at the main gate of the Atik Valide Mosque was examined according to the theoretical framework

    更新日期:2020-08-05
  • Composition and Shape of Hadrianic Domes
    Nexus Netw. J. (IF 0.333) Pub Date : 2020-08-01
    Luca Cipriani, Filippo Fantini, Silvia Bertacchi

    In-depth studies on the design of the domes of the Octagonal Hall of the Small Baths and the Vestibule of the Golden Court at Hadrian’s Villa in Tivoli have been conducted starting from 3D surveys carried out with active and passive sensors. Through the comparison of the ichnographia and orthographia of these emblematic examples of architectural experimentation, common elements and features have emerged

    更新日期:2020-08-01
  • The Mathematics of the Viereckschanzen of the La Tène Culture
    Nexus Netw. J. (IF 0.333) Pub Date : 2020-07-29
    Albert Kainzinger

    The development of script-using ancient civilizations and their achievements in sciences such as astronomy and mathematics have been well researched. Illiterate cultures were able to attain an adequate level of knowledge and transferred this knowledge to succeeding generations via oral tradition and mnemonic artefacts. The constructions of the square ditched enclosures (Viereckschanzen) of the last

    更新日期:2020-07-29
  • Parameterizing the Curvilinear Roofs of Traditional Chinese Architecture
    Nexus Netw. J. (IF 0.333) Pub Date : 2020-07-28
    Yuan Shen, Enhe Zhang, Yanxiao Feng, Siyuan Liu, Julian Wang

    The curvilinear roofs of ancient Chinese wooden architecture feature unique functional, hierarchical, and aesthetic elements. However, the digitalization of these roofs has yet to be explored because of the lack of accurate mathematical models for these roof geometries. This research aims to parameterize the design and construction rules for these roofs as stipulated in the Yingzao fashi. We first

    更新日期:2020-07-28
  • Stereotomy of Vaulted Systems of the École Polytechnique
    Nexus Netw. J. (IF 0.333) Pub Date : 2020-07-21
    Federico Fallavollita, Marta Salvatore

    This study investigates the contributions made by Gaspard Monge and the students of his School to the stereotomy of vaulted systems in France between the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries. The complexity of the apparatuses and the generality of the proposed solutions express the extent of the contributions that descriptive geometry made to the applications that preceded it. First among these stereotomy

    更新日期:2020-07-22
  • The Structural Effects of Micro-Geometry on Masonry Vaults
    Nexus Netw. J. (IF 0.333) Pub Date : 2020-07-21
    Marco Alforno, Fiammetta Venuti, Alessia Monaco

    Masonry vaults are able to withstand their dead load and external forces thanks to their curved surface, therefore geometry plays a major role in their structural behaviour. Besides the well-known effects of the macro-geometry (overall shape and dimensions), micro-geometry (details of the masonry apparatus) is also expected to play a key role. The study seeks to determine the advantages (constructional

    更新日期:2020-07-21
  • The Illusory Architecture of the Camera di Giove in Sassuolo
    Nexus Netw. J. (IF 0.333) Pub Date : 2020-07-02
    Michele Russo, Alessandra Marina Giugliano, Laura Carnevali

    The prospective illusionism of vaulted systems is a research field in which the study of geometry, survey, and architectural representation converge. The painting defines a precise scale and orientation relationship with the observer, while the morphology of the vaulted system increases the architecture’s spatiality. Therefore, the study of quadrature framed in vaulted surfaces implies investigating

    更新日期:2020-07-03
  • Vision and Representation in Architecture and Mathematics
    Nexus Netw. J. (IF 0.333) Pub Date : 2020-07-03
    Kim Williams

    Editor-in-Chief Kim Williams examines the role of vision and interpretation in establishing relationships between architecture and mathematics, and introduces the articles in Nexus Network Journal vol. 22 no. 3 (2020).

    更新日期:2020-07-03
  • On the Modelling of Vaulted Structures of Equal Strength
    Nexus Netw. J. (IF 0.333) Pub Date : 2020-07-01
    Dimitrije Nikolić, Vladimir Živaljević

    The optimization of vaulted structures has primarily concentrated on the determination of the structure midsurface, governing the direction of forces flow, and the thickness variation, affecting the corresponding stress developed in a structure. The problems related to such optimizations are the so-called catenary of equal strength and its later three-dimensional equivalent, the membrane of equal strength

    更新日期:2020-07-01
  • From Scripting to Structural Computation of Conical Vaults
    Nexus Netw. J. (IF 0.333) Pub Date : 2020-07-01
    Paolo Borin, Alberto Longhin, Andrea Giordano, Giovanna Xotta

    This paper discusses the use of scripting procedures and structural computation applied to the stonecutting of vaults. Starting from the conceptualization of trumpet squinches in various treatises, it offers an understanding of the parametric framework used. The operation is then replicated on Wallis’s conical edge surface as described by Guarino Guarini, demonstrating how to create complex surfaces

    更新日期:2020-07-01
  • Brick Vaults by Slices in Choisy and Paredes
    Nexus Netw. J. (IF 0.333) Pub Date : 2020-06-29
    Enrique Rabasa Díaz, Ana López-Mozo, Miguel Ángel Alonso-Rodríguez

    A brick barrel vault can be bonded basically according to three techniques depending on the arrangement of the bricks main planes: they can be radially orientated with respect to the vault axis (radial brick vault); they can be aligned with the vault surface (tile vault) or they can be vertical or slightly inclined, forming slices (vault by slices). The last two types do not require any formwork to

    更新日期:2020-06-30
  • Geometry and Construction of the Eight-Loop Ribbed Vault
    Nexus Netw. J. (IF 0.333) Pub Date : 2020-06-24
    Ricardo Garcia Baño, Macarena Salcedo Galera

    The evolution process of Gothic construction techniques towards the Renaissance implied a remarkable change in the design of ribbed vaults. The advance from pointed designs towards curved forms gave rise to the appearance of models with multiplied ribs. This meant a great variety and diversity of forms and the incorporation of curved ribs. The Manuscript Ms. 12686 of the National Library of Spain,

    更新日期:2020-06-24
  • Single-Row Spherical Domes in Stereotomy Treatises
    Nexus Netw. J. (IF 0.333) Pub Date : 2020-06-22
    Pedro M. Cabezos-Bernal, Juan J. Cisneros-Vivó

    This article focuses on analysing and modelling geometrically a complex vault typology known as single-row spherical dome, which was defined in several classic stereotomy treatises. The peculiarity of this kind of dome is that all their stone pieces are different, since there is a helical directrix defining the upper and lower edges of the pieces. Different solutions will be compared and analysed,

    更新日期:2020-06-22
  • Application of the Semantic Network Method to Sightline Compensation Analysis of the Humble Administrator’s Garden
    Nexus Netw. J. (IF 0.333) Pub Date : 2020-06-20
    Jun Dong, Yongjin Wang, Rongrong Yu

    Traditional Chinese private gardens (TCPGs) are a special type of seventeenth century landscaped architectural space that exhibit high levels of spatial complexity and variety, which are attributed to its patterns of spatial organisation. Sightline designs in these gardens are unique and ingenious. To date, only a few theories have tried to explain their spatial qualities from the perspective of visual

    更新日期:2020-06-22
  • New Contributions on the Escuelas Pías Dome in Valencia
    Nexus Netw. J. (IF 0.333) Pub Date : 2020-06-20
    Pablo Rodriguez-Navarro, Teresa Gil-Piqueras

    In the city of Valencia (Spain), domes covered by blue-glazed roofing tiles are common, but there is one that stands out above all others; the dome of the Escuelas Pías, one of the largest single-shell domes of Christianity. This dome is pending repair due to the appearance of large cracks. The present contribution aims to take us closer to the construction of the dome. By following a historical trajectory

    更新日期:2020-06-22
  • Gromatic Images from New Discoveries in Pompeii
    Nexus Netw. J. (IF 0.333) Pub Date : 2020-06-18
    Luisa Ferro; Giulio Magli; Massimo Osanna

    In recent archaeological investigations of Pompeii’s Regio V Houses, a series of new, rather enigmatic images on the floors of the entrance and of the tablinum of the House of Orion have been unearthed. The aim of the present paper is to analyze their placement in the context of the house plan, give a description of the images, and provide a hypothetical interpretation based on a clear analogy of their

    更新日期:2020-06-18
  • Combinatorial Possibilities and Enumerations for Housing Designs: Gregory Ain’s Mar Vista Tract (1946–1948)
    Nexus Netw. J. (IF 0.333) Pub Date : 2020-06-17
    Jin-Ho Park, Sejung Jung

    This article introduces a formal method with regard to point group symmetry in the analysis and construction of housing units and their arrangements. Gregory Ain’s Mar Vista Tract is the focus of this study. In this paper guiding principles of Ain’s housing unit layouts and their arrangements in a city block are examined with respect to the symmetry principle. With the same method, combinatorial possibilities

    更新日期:2020-06-17
  • Parallelogrammum Prosopographicum
    Nexus Netw. J. (IF 0.333) Pub Date : 2020-06-17
    Gregorio Astengo

    This paper investigates the ‘parallelogrammum prosopographicum’ (prosopographical parallelogram), a little-known device for drawing from life using parallel lines. The instrument, described in an article published in 1673 in the Philosophical Transactions, was adapted from Christoph Scheiner’s stereograph and designed as a practical method to bypass the visual effects of perspectival foreshortening

    更新日期:2020-06-17
  • The Transparente in the Basilica of the Monastery of El Escorial
    Nexus Netw. J. (IF 0.333) Pub Date : 2020-06-16
    Pilar Chías, Tomás Abad, Manuel de Miguel, Paz Llorente

    The presbytery of the basilica of the Monastery of San Lorenzo de El Escorial is closed on its eastern side by a monumental altarpiece that, apparently, is attached to the thick outer perimeter wall. However, at the height of the lower section and behind it, there is a vaulted space that has not yet been studied, and whose main interest is its function as a Transparente. This architectural device,

    更新日期:2020-06-16
  • On the Use of Perspective in a Drawing Attributed to Diego Siloé
    Nexus Netw. J. (IF 0.333) Pub Date : 2020-06-10
    Antonio Ampliato; Eduardo Acosta

    The drawing analysed in this article, conserved at the MNAC in Barcelona and attributed to the Spanish architect Diego Siloé (ca. 1490–1563), has never previously been studied in depth. It is a relatively rapidly executed sketch depicting a Renaissance urban setting, in which the authors not only demonstrate the sound use of one-point perspective, an extraordinary feat in Spain at that time, but also

    更新日期:2020-06-10
  • Correction to: Modelling the Stars of the Sagrada Familia
    Nexus Netw. J. (IF 0.333) Pub Date : 2020-06-08
    María de los Desamparados López de Briñas Ferragut

    During production the name of the author was incorrectly written.

    更新日期:2020-06-08
  • Triangulation Algorithms for Generating As-Is Floor Plans
    Nexus Netw. J. (IF 0.333) Pub Date : 2020-06-02
    Filipe Jorge da Silva Brandão; Alexandra Paio; Adriano Lopes

    Precisely capturing context is a fundamental first step in dealing with built environments. Previous research has demonstrated that existing methods for generating as-is floor plans of non-orthogonal rooms by non-expert users do not produce geometrically accurate results. The present paper proposes the adaptation of empirical triangulation methods, traditionally used by architects and other building

    更新日期:2020-06-02
  • Interpreting Lecce Vaults with Analytical-Geometrical Models
    Nexus Netw. J. (IF 0.333) Pub Date : 2020-06-01
    Assunta Pelliccio, Marco Saccucci

    The paper introduces a generalised geometrical model capable to reproduce, with the assignment of four parameters, all the different types of the edge Lecce vaults, a system used to build with a natural fascinating sandstone the vaulted ceilings of noble palaces, churches and houses of Salento (southern Italy). Born as modification of Arab and Spanish domes these vaults, authentic pieces of art, are

    更新日期:2020-06-01
  • Fractal Patterns as Fitness Criteria in Genetic Algorithms Applied as a Design Tool in Architecture
    Nexus Netw. J. (IF 0.333) Pub Date : 2020-05-27
    John Charles Driscoll

    This paper explores the generative use of a genetic algorithm incorporating a computer-based fractal dimension tool termed “DBVgen”. Fractals offer a quantitative and qualitative relation between nature, the built environment and computational mechanics and in this paper are explored as a bridge between these realms. The primary objective was to develop and employ a sophisticated analytic tool within

    更新日期:2020-05-27
  • Modelling the Stars of the Sagrada Familia
    Nexus Netw. J. (IF 0.333) Pub Date : 2020-05-19
    María de los Desamparados López de Briñas Ferragut

    In the Nativity façade of the Sagrada Familia in Barcelona, a few three-dimensional star shapes appear. Although it is widely accepted that Gaudí hardly ever used polyhedra in his works, the analysis of the shape of these stars reveals that, under an organic appearance, there is a hidden morphology that can be explained by using theoretical models of star polyhedra. In this paper will be discussed

    更新日期:2020-05-19
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