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A Re‐Examination of Inflation Persistence Dynamics in OECD Countries: A New Approach* Oxford Bull. Econ. Statistics (IF 0.918) Pub Date : 20210119
Gabriel Zsurkis; João Nicolau; Paulo M. M. RodriguesThis paper introduces a simple and easy to implement procedure to test for changes in persistence. The time‐varying parameter that characterizes persistence changes under the alternative hypothesis is approximated by a parsimonious cosine function. The new test is the minimum of a t‐statistic computed from a test regression that considers a set of reasonable values for a frequency term that is used

Uncovering Regimes in Out of Sample Forecast Errors from Predictive Regressions* Oxford Bull. Econ. Statistics (IF 0.918) Pub Date : 20210113
Anibal Emiliano Da Silva Neto; Jesús Gonzalo; Jean‐Yves PitarakisWe introduce a set of test statistics for assessing the presence of regimes in out of sample forecast errors produced by recursively estimated linear predictive regressions that can accommodate multiple highly persistent predictors. Our test statistics are designed to be robust to the chosen starting window size and are shown to be both consistent and locally powerful. Their limiting null distributions

Assessing Sampling Error in Pseudo‐Panel Models Oxford Bull. Econ. Statistics (IF 0.918) Pub Date : 20210110
Rumman KhanWhile pseudo‐panels are useful when only repeated cross‐section data are available, estimates are likely to be attenuated and suffer from sampling error if cell sizes (number of individuals grouped together in a cohort) are too few. However, there is no consensus on how large cell size needs to be, with recommendations ranging from 100 to several thousands. This is due to sampling error being affected

Convergence in Sovereign Debt Defaults: Quantifying the Roles of Institutions Oxford Bull. Econ. Statistics (IF 0.918) Pub Date : 20210107
Mita Bhattacharya; John InekweIn this study, using an ex ante measure, we examine the convergence patterns in sovereign defaults among 101 developing countries for the period from 1990 to 2015. We employ the club convergence algorithm to determine convergence paths across countries and examine the role of institutions in shaping the observed convergence patterns. The merging of clubs reveals three distinct convergent sub‐clubs

Better Night Lights Data, For Longer* Oxford Bull. Econ. Statistics (IF 0.918) Pub Date : 20201225
John GibsonNight lights data are increasingly used in applied economics, almost always from the Defense Meteorological Satellite Program (DMSP). These data are old, with production ending in 2013, and are flawed by blurring, lack of calibration and top‐coding. These inaccuracies in DMSP data cause mean‐reverting errors. This paper shows newer and better VIIRS night lights data have 80% higher predictive power

Regulation and Corruption: Evidence from the United States* Oxford Bull. Econ. Statistics (IF 0.918) Pub Date : 20201225
Sanchari ChoudhuryI exploit a panel data set on United States for the time span 1990–2013 to evaluate the causal impact of government regulation on bureaucratic corruption. Despite the stylized fact that corruption and regulation are positively correlated, there is a lack of empirical evidence to substantiate a causal relationship. Using novel data on federal regulation of industries (Al‐Ubaydli and McLaughlin [2015]

Do Fed Forecast Errors Matter? Oxford Bull. Econ. Statistics (IF 0.918) Pub Date : 20201217
Pao‐Lin Tien; Tara M. Sinclair; Edward N. GamberIn order to make forward‐looking policy decisions, the Fed relies on imperfect forecasts of future macroeconomic conditions. If the Fed’s forecasts are rational, then the difference between the actual outcome and the Fed’s forecast is exogenous to the information set of the Fed at the time the forecast was produced. We investigate the effect of the Fed’s forecast errors on output and price movements

Modelling of Economic and Financial Conditions for Real‐Time Prediction of Recessions Oxford Bull. Econ. Statistics (IF 0.918) Pub Date : 20201116
Cem Çakmakli; Hamza Demrcan; Sumru AltugIn this paper, we propose a method for real‐time prediction of recessions using large sets of economic and financial variables with mixed frequencies. This method combines a dynamic factor model for the extraction of economic and financial conditions together with a tailored Markov regime switching specification for capturing their cyclical behaviour. Unlike conventional methods that estimate a single

Discovering Specific Common Trends in a Large Set of Disaggregates: Statistical Procedures, their Properties and an Empirical Application* Oxford Bull. Econ. Statistics (IF 0.918) Pub Date : 20201110
Guillermo Carlomagno; Antoni EspasaMacroeconomic variables are weighted averages of a large number of components. Our objective is to model and forecast all of the N components of a macro variable. The main feature of our proposal consists of discovering subsets of components that share single common trends while neither assuming pervasiveness nor imposing special restrictions on the serial or cross‐sectional idiosyncratic correlation

Environmental Regulations, Political Incentives and Local Economic Activities: Evidence from China* Oxford Bull. Econ. Statistics (IF 0.918) Pub Date : 20201031
Shiyu BoHow do nationwide environmental regulations produce heterogeneous effects on the economic activities of manufacturing firms located in places with differently incentivized city leaders? This paper answers this question by drawing on a set of firm‐based pollution regulations in China from 2007 to investigate the relationship between political incentives and the effects of environmental regulations.

Comment on “Olley and Pakes‐style Production Function Estimators with Firm Fixed Effects” Oxford Bull. Econ. Statistics (IF 0.918) Pub Date : 20201017
Daniel A. AckerbergIn this comment I illustrate that in the model of (Lee et al. (2019). Oxford Bulletin of Economics and Statistics. Vol. 81, pp. 80–97), firm profit maximizing implies that Assumption 2 and Equation 14 may be contradictory. More specifically, there is generally a contradiction when investment is used as the control variable, but there is generally not a contradiction when a static input like material

Gender Gaps in the Evaluation of Research: Evidence from Submissions to Economics Conferences Oxford Bull. Econ. Statistics (IF 0.918) Pub Date : 20201014
Laura Hospido; Carlos SanzWe study gender differences in the evaluation of submissions to economics conferences. Using data on more than 9,000 submissions from the Annual Congress of the European Economic Association (2015–17), the Annual Meeting of the Spanish Economic Association (2012–17) and the Spring Meeting of Young Economists (2018), we find that all‐female‐authored papers are 3.3% points (p.p.), or 6.8%, less likely

A Promised Value Approach to Optimal Monetary Policy* Oxford Bull. Econ. Statistics (IF 0.918) Pub Date : 20201012
Timothy Hills; Taisuke Nakata; Takeki SunakawaThis paper characterizes optimal commitment policy in the New Keynesian model using a recursive formulation of the central bank's infinite‐horizon optimization problem in which promised inflation and output gap – as opposed to lagged Lagrange multipliers – act as pseudo‐state variables. Our recursive formulation is motivated by (Kydland, F. and Prescott, E. C. (1980). Journal of Economic Dynamics and

A Unified test for the Intercept of a Predictive Regression Model Oxford Bull. Econ. Statistics (IF 0.918) Pub Date : 20201006
Xiaohui Liu; Yuzi Liu; Yao Rao; Fucai LuTesting the predictability of the predictive regression model is of great interest in economics and finance. Recently, (Zhu et al. (2014) Predictive regressions for macroeconomic data, Vol. 8, pp. 577–594.) proposed a unified test to account for this issue. Their test has a desirable property that its limit distribution is standard regardless of the regressor being stationary, near unit root or unit

The Heterogeneous Effects of Global and National Business Cycles on Employment in US States and Metropolitan Areas Oxford Bull. Econ. Statistics (IF 0.918) Pub Date : 20200927
Alexander Chudik; Janet Koech; Mark WynneThe growth of globalization in recent decades has increased the importance of external factors as drivers of the business cycle in many countries. Globalization affects countries not just at the macro level but at the level of states and metro areas as well. This paper isolates the relative importance of global, national and region‐specific shocks as drivers of the business cycle in individual US states

Do ECB's Monetary Policies Benefit EMEs? A GVAR Analysis on the Global Financial and Sovereign Debt Crises and Postcrises Period Oxford Bull. Econ. Statistics (IF 0.918) Pub Date : 20200927
Andrea ColabellaThis paper studies the spillover effects of the ECB's monetary policies on non‐euro area countries, using a GVAR methodology, shadow rate for advanced economies (Wu and Xia, 2016) and shock identification through Cholesky decomposition. A euro‐area shadow interest rate hike triggers a broad‐based decline in output abroad, especially in Central, Eastern and South‐Eastern European (CESEE) economies,

The Evolution of Income Risk and Consumption Insurance in South Korea over the Last Two Decades Oxford Bull. Econ. Statistics (IF 0.918) Pub Date : 20200922
Taehyun Ahn; Chung Gu Chee; Seonghoon KimUsing data from the Korea Labor Income Panel Study, we study the evolution of income risk and consumption insurance against transitory and permanent income shocks in South Korea over the last two decades. We find a decreasing trend in both income and consumption risks. Furthermore, we estimate that 47.6% of permanent income shocks and 9.8% of transitory income shocks pass through to consumption. We

Does Capital Account Liberalization Affect Income Inequality? Oxford Bull. Econ. Statistics (IF 0.918) Pub Date : 20200919
Xiang Li; Dan SuBy adopting an identification strategy of difference‐in‐difference estimation combined with propensity score matching between liberalized and closed countries, this paper provides robust evidence that opening the capital account is associated with an increase in income inequality in developing countries. Specifically, capital account liberalization, in the long run, is associated with a reduction in

The Consumption Euler Equation or the Keynesian Consumption Function?* Oxford Bull. Econ. Statistics (IF 0.918) Pub Date : 20200914
Pål Boug; Ådne Cappelen; Eilev S. Jansen; Anders Rygh SwensenWe formulate a general cointegrated vector autoregressive (CVAR) model that nests both a class of consumption Euler equations and various Keynesian‐type consumption functions. Using likelihood‐based methods and Norwegian data, we find support for cointegration between consumption, income and wealth once a structural break around the time of the financial crisis is allowed for. The fact that consumption

On the Time‐Varying Effects of Economic Policy Uncertainty on the US Economy Oxford Bull. Econ. Statistics (IF 0.918) Pub Date : 20200911
Jan Prüser, Alexander SchlösserWe study the impact of Economic Policy Uncertainty (EPU) on the US Economy by using a VAR with time‐varying coefficients. The coefficients are allowed to evolve gradually over time which allows us to discover structural changes without imposing them a priori. We find three different regimes, which match the three major periods of the US economy, namely the Great Inflation, the Great Moderation and

Nearly Unbiased Estimation of Autoregressive Models for Bounded Near‐Integrated Stochastic Processes* Oxford Bull. Econ. Statistics (IF 0.918) Pub Date : 20200907
Josep Lluís Carrion‐i‐Silvestre; María Dolores Gadea; Antonio MontañésThe paper investigates the estimation bias of autoregressive models for bounded near‐integrated stochastic processes and the performance of the standard procedures in the literature that aim to correct the estimation bias. In some cases, the bounded nature of the stochastic processes worsens the estimation bias effect. The paper extends two popular autoregressive estimation bias correction procedures

Variance Decomposition Analysis for Nonlinear Economic Models1 Oxford Bull. Econ. Statistics (IF 0.918) Pub Date : 20200905
Maksim Isakin; Phuong V. NgoIn this paper, we propose a new method called the total variance method and algorithms to compute and analyse variance decomposition for nonlinear economic models. We provide theoretical and empirical examples to compare our method with the only existing method called generalized forecast error variance decomposition (GFEVD). We find that the results from the two methods are different when shocks are

Imputing Top‐Coded Income Data in Longitudinal Surveys* Oxford Bull. Econ. Statistics (IF 0.918) Pub Date : 20200905
Li TanThe incomes of top earners are typically top‐coded in survey data. I show that the accuracy of imputed income values for top earners in longitudinal surveys can be improved significantly by incorporating information from multiple time periods into the imputation process in a simple way. Moreover, I introduce an innovative, nonparametric empirical Bayes imputation method that further improves imputation

Classical and Bayesian Inference for Income Distributions using Grouped Data Oxford Bull. Econ. Statistics (IF 0.918) Pub Date : 20200903
Tobias Eckernkemper; Bastian GribischWe propose a general framework for Maximum Likelihood (ML) and Bayesian estimation of income distributions based on grouped data information. The asymptotic properties of the ML estimators are derived and Bayesian parameter estimates are obtained by Monte Carlo Markov Chain (MCMC) techniques. A comprehensive simulation experiment shows that obtained estimates of the income distribution are very precise

Mildly Explosive Autoregression with Anti‐persistent Errors Oxford Bull. Econ. Statistics (IF 0.918) Pub Date : 20200830
Yiu Lim Lui; Weilin Xiao; Jun YuAn asymptotic distribution is derived for the least squares (LS) estimate of a first‐order autoregression with a mildly explosive root and anti‐persistent errors. While the sample moments depend on the Hurst parameter asymptotically, the Cauchy limiting distribution theory remains valid for the LS estimates in the model without intercept and a model with an asymptotically negligible intercept. Monte

The Good and Bad Volatility: A New Class of Asymmetric Heteroskedastic Models Oxford Bull. Econ. Statistics (IF 0.918) Pub Date : 20200827
Ahmed BenSaïdaThis paper introduces a new class of tractable asymmetric heteroskedastic models, the good and bad volatility (GBV). Asymmetry is recognized in the dynamics of GBV components that correspond to positive and negative shocks respectively. The GBV model allows both conditional semivariances to evolve according to two separate functional forms with different semi‐definite distributions. An empirical application

Unconventional Monetary Policy and Wealth Inequalities in Great Britain* Oxford Bull. Econ. Statistics (IF 0.918) Pub Date : 20200827
Anastasios Evgenidis; Apostolos FasianosThis paper explores whether unconventional monetary policy operations have redistributive effects on household wealth. Drawing on household balance sheet data from the Wealth and Asset Survey, we construct monthly time series indicators on the distribution of different asset types held by British households for the period that the monetary policy switched, as the policy rate reached the zero‐lower

Rank‐based Tests for Cross‐sectional Dependence in Large (N, T) Fixed Effects Panel Data Models Oxford Bull. Econ. Statistics (IF 0.918) Pub Date : 20200807
Long Feng, Yanling Ding, Binghui LiuMost existing methods for testing cross‐sectional dependence in fixed effects panel data models are actually conducting tests for cross‐sectional uncorrelation, which are not robust to departures of normality of the error distributions as well as nonlinear cross‐sectional dependence. To this end, we construct two rank‐based tests for (static and dynamic) fixed effects panel data models, based on two

Ageing Workforces, Ill‐health and Multi‐state Labour Market Transitions* Oxford Bull. Econ. Statistics (IF 0.918) Pub Date : 20200801
Mark N. Harris; Xueyan Zhao; Eugenio ZucchelliWe provide novel evidence on the effects of ill‐health on the dynamics of labour state transitions by considering retirement as mobility between full‐time work, part‐time work, self‐employment and inactivity. We employ a dynamic multi‐state model which accounts for state dependence and different types of unobservables. Our model allows for both individual heterogeneity and labour‐state gravity as well

Every Cloud Has a Silver Lining: Cleansing Effects of the Portuguese Financial Crisis* Oxford Bull. Econ. Statistics (IF 0.918) Pub Date : 20200717
Daniel A. Dias; Carlos Robalo MarquesUsing firm‐level data, this paper shows that the Portuguese financial crisis was a period of intensified productivity‐enhancing reallocation. Aggregate productivity gains, both in manufacturing and services, came from relatively higher contributions of entering and exiting firms and from reallocation of resources between surviving firms. At the micro level, the crisis reduced the probability of survival

Delinquency, Arrest and Early School Leaving* Oxford Bull. Econ. Statistics (IF 0.918) Pub Date : 20200717
Shannon Ward; Jenny Williams; Jan C. van OursBoys typically initiate delinquent behaviour during their teenage years, and many go on to be arrested. We show that engaging in delinquency and being arrested in youth are each associated with early school leaving. The effect of delinquency on school leaving is largely driven by crimes that produce a monetary return, and the increase in school leaving is greater when onset of these types of crime

Uncertainty and Labour Force Participation Oxford Bull. Econ. Statistics (IF 0.918) Pub Date : 20200715
Idriss FontaineCan an increase in uncertainty generate a fall in labour force participation? This paper supports an affirmative answer to this question. Using a structural vector autoregressive model, I show that: (i) a surge in uncertainty leads to a decrease in participation; (ii) uncertainty shocks account for a considerable proportion of participation fluctuations; and (iii) uncertainty shocks have in recent

Markup Dispersion and Firm Entry: Evidence from Ethiopia* Oxford Bull. Econ. Statistics (IF 0.918) Pub Date : 20200709
Kaku Attah Damoah; Giorgia Giovannetti; Marco SanfilippoThis paper examines whether and to what extent markups can influence structural transformation in a developing country by creating entry barriers. We exploit information from the Ethiopian annual census of manufacturing establishments to estimate markups and their dispersion at industry and woreda‐industry‐wide levels. We then analyse the relationship between markup dispersion and firm entry rates

Gains from Wage Flexibility and the Zero Lower Bound* Oxford Bull. Econ. Statistics (IF 0.918) Pub Date : 20200720
Roberto M. Billi; Jordi GalíWe analyse the welfare impact of greater wage flexibility in the presence of an occasionally binding zero lower bound (ZLB) constraint on the nominal interest rate. We show that the ZLB constraint generally amplifies the adverse effects of greater wage flexibility on welfare when the central bank follows a conventional Taylor rule. When demand shocks are the driving force, the ZLB implies that an increase

The Government Spending Multiplier at the Zero Lower Bound: Evidence from the United States Oxford Bull. Econ. Statistics (IF 0.918) Pub Date : 20200715
Mario Di Serio; Matteo Fragetta; Emanuel GasteigerWe estimate state‐dependent government spending multipliers for the United States. We use a factor‐augmented interacted vector autoregression (FAIVAR) model. This allows us to capture the time‐varying monetary policy characteristics including the recent zero interest rate lower bound (ZLB) state, to account for the state of the business cycle and to address the limited information problem typically

Knowledge Spillovers, Competition and Innovation Success Oxford Bull. Econ. Statistics (IF 0.918) Pub Date : 20200715
Spyros Arvanitis, Florian Seliger, Martin WoerterWe study the relationship between a patent‐based measure of knowledge spillovers that calculates technological proximity based on technologically relevant firms and innovation success. We find – for a representative sample of Swiss firms – that knowledge spillovers have a positive and significant association with the commercial success of innovative products. The paper shows the importance of market

Regulating Markets with Advice: An Experimental Study* Oxford Bull. Econ. Statistics (IF 0.918) Pub Date : 20200715
Felix GottschalkWe present a newly designed market experiment to study regulatory measures in markets with advice inspired by two recently developed theoretical models. In line with our predictions, our experimental markets create conflicts of interest and unsuitable advice biased towards high‐commission products. We examine whether two frequently discussed regulation measures – disclosure and fines for ex post unsuitable

Short, Heavy and Underrated? Teacher Assessment Biases by Children's Body Size Oxford Bull. Econ. Statistics (IF 0.918) Pub Date : 20200713
Nicole Black, Sonja C. de NewWe compare non‐blind teacher assessments with blind national test scores in maths to examine teacher‐test score disparities by children's height and weight. Relative to test scores, shorter and heavier children are rated less favourably by teachers. This teacher‐test score discrepancy cannot be explained by the child's behaviours, motivation to learn or cognitive ability. Unobserved student fixed effects

Mixed Causal–Noncausal Autoregressions: Bimodality Issues in Estimation and Unit Root Testing1 Oxford Bull. Econ. Statistics (IF 0.918) Pub Date : 20200709
Frédérique Bec; Heino Bohn Nielsen; Sarra SaïdiThis paper stresses the bimodality of the likelihood function of the Mixed causal–noncausal AutoRegressions (MAR), and it is shown that the bimodality issue becomes more salient as the causal root approaches unity from below. The consequences are important as the roots of the local maxima are typically interchanged, attributing the noncausal component to the causal one and vice‐versa. This severely

Response Surface Regressions for Critical Value Bounds and Approximate p‐values in Equilibrium Correction Models1 Oxford Bull. Econ. Statistics (IF 0.918) Pub Date : 20200709
Sebastian Kripfganz; Daniel C. SchneiderWe consider the popular ‘bounds test’ for the existence of a level relationship in conditional equilibrium correction models. By estimating response surface models based on about 95 billion simulated F‐statistics and 57 billion t‐statistics, we improve upon and substantially extend the set of available critical values, covering the full range of possible sample sizes and lag orders, and allowing for

The Impact of the 2008 Crisis on UK Prices: What We Can Learn from the CPI Microdata1 Oxford Bull. Econ. Statistics (IF 0.918) Pub Date : 20200707
Huw Dixon; Kul Luintel; Kun TianThis paper takes the locally collected price quotes used to construct the CPI index in the UK for the period 1996–2013 and explores the impact of the Great Recession (2008‐9) on the pricing behaviour of firms. We develop a time series framework which captures the link between macroeconomic variables and the behaviour of prices in terms of the frequency of price change, the dispersion of price levels

Testing the Technology of Human Capital Production: A General‐to‐Restricted Framework Oxford Bull. Econ. Statistics (IF 0.918) Pub Date : 20200625
Sam JonesStudies of childhood development have suggested human capital is accumulated in complex and nonlinear ways. Nonetheless, empirical analyses of this process often impose a linear functional form. This paper investigates which technology assumptions matter in quantitative models of human capital production. I propose a general‐to‐restricted procedure to test the production technology, placing constraints

Intergenerational Earnings Persistence in Italy between Actual Father–Son Pairs Accounting for Lifecycle and Attenuation Bias Oxford Bull. Econ. Statistics (IF 0.918) Pub Date : 20200605
Francesco Bloise; Michele RaitanoUsing a longitudinal dataset built merging administrative and survey data, we contribute to the literature on intergenerational inequality providing the first estimate of the intergenerational earnings elasticity (IGE) in Italy based on actual father–son pairs, taking into account issues related to measurement biases and comparing the size of the lifecycle bias when sons are selected by age or by potential

The Impact of a Billing System on Healthcare Utilization: Evidence from the Thai Civil Servant Medical Benefit Scheme Oxford Bull. Econ. Statistics (IF 0.918) Pub Date : 20200605
Nada Wasi; Jirawat Panpiemras; Wanwiphang ManachotphongThis study examines how a new billing process of the Thai Civil Servant Medical Benefit Scheme affects outpatient care utilization. Unlike policy changes considered in most existing studies, there is no change in cost‐sharing for the scheme considered here. Previously, the beneficiaries had to pay out of pocket and receive their reimbursement later. The new billing system allows hospitals to charge

The Effects of UI Benefits on Unemployment and Subsequent Outcomes: Evidence from a Kinked Benefit Rule Oxford Bull. Econ. Statistics (IF 0.918) Pub Date : 20200505
Tomi Kyyrä, Hanna PesolaThis paper analyses the effects of unemployment insurance benefits on unemployment exits and subsequent labour market outcomes. We exploit a piecewise linear relationship between the previous wage and benefits in Finland to identify the causal effects of the benefit level by using a regression kink design. Although we only find weak evidence of an effect on the time to the next job, higher benefits

Modelling Category Inflation with Multiple Inflation Processes: Estimation, Specification and Testing1 Oxford Bull. Econ. Statistics (IF 0.918) Pub Date : 20200505
Sarah Brown; Mark N. Harris; Christopher SpencerZero‐inflated ordered probit (ZIOP) and middle‐inflated ordered probit (MIOP) models are finding increasing favour in the discrete choice literature. We propose generalizations to these models – which collapse to their ZIOP/MIOP counterparts under a set of simple parameter restrictions – with respect to the inflation process. These generalizations form the basis of a new specification test of the inflation

Measuring Smile Curves in Global Value Chains Oxford Bull. Econ. Statistics (IF 0.918) Pub Date : 20200505
Bo Meng, Ming Ye, Shang‐Jin WeiThe logic of the ‘smile curve’ in the context of global value chains (GVCs) has been widely used in case studies of individual firms, but rarely identified at the country‐industry level by using real data. This paper puts forward a proposal, based on an inter‐country input–output model, to consistently measure both the gain of value added and the position of countries and industries when they join

A Simple Estimator of Two‐Dimensional Copulas, with Applications1 Oxford Bull. Econ. Statistics (IF 0.918) Pub Date : 20200505
Eddie Anderson; Artem Prokhorov; Yajing ZhuCopulas are distributions with uniform marginals. Non‐parametric copula estimates may violate the uniformity condition in finite samples. We look at whether it is possible to obtain valid piecewise linear copula densities by triangulation. The copula property imposes strict constraints on design points, making an equi‐spaced grid a natural starting point. However, the mixed‐integer nature of the problem

Within Occupation Wage Dispersion and the Task Content of Jobs Oxford Bull. Econ. Statistics (IF 0.918) Pub Date : 20200430
Lucas van der VeldeMost analyses linking task content of jobs to income inequality focus on the effects between occupations, e.g. the growing dispersion between lousy and lovely jobs. The theory, meanwhile, provides insights on links between task content of jobs and inequality also within occupations: models predict compression of wages in more routine jobs, that is those where capital is a direct substitute for labour

Forecasting GDP Growth from Outer Space Oxford Bull. Econ. Statistics (IF 0.918) Pub Date : 20200403
Jaqueson K. GalimbertiWe evaluate the usefulness of satellite‐based data on night‐time lights for forecasting GDP growth across a global sample of countries, proposing innovative location‐based indicators to extract new predictive information from the lights data. Our findings are generally favourable to the use of night lights data to improve the accuracy of model‐based forecasts. We also find a substantial degree of heterogeneity

Do Apprenticeships Pay? Evidence for England Oxford Bull. Econ. Statistics (IF 0.918) Pub Date : 20200402
Chiara Cavaglia, Sandra McNally, Guglielmo VenturaThe importance of apprenticeships for early labour market transitions varies across countries and over time. In recent times, there has been a policy drive to increase the number of people undertaking apprenticeships in England. This is regarded as important for addressing poor productivity. We investigate whether there is a positive return to undertaking an apprenticeship for young people. We use

Identifying the Dynamic Effects of Income Inequality on Crime Oxford Bull. Econ. Statistics (IF 0.918) Pub Date : 20200402
Bebonchu AtemsWhat happens to crime after an increase in income inequality? The microeconomics literature that attempts to answer this question often employs identification strategies that exploit external sources of variation that provide quasi‐experiments to identify causal effects. In contrast, this paper tackles this question by using structural vector autoregressions (SVAR), a methodology typically employed

The Individual Poverty Incidence of Growth Oxford Bull. Econ. Statistics (IF 0.918) Pub Date : 20200318
Maria C. Lo Bue; Flaviana PalmisanoThe canonical approach to analyse the poverty impact of growth is based on the comparison of poverty before and after growth. Measurement tools endorsing this approach fail to capture the different experiences of poverty dynamic in the population: there can be groups of the population made poorer or non‐poor made poor by growth. We propose an approach that allows measuring this individual poverty incidence

The Economic Consequences of Accidents at Work Oxford Bull. Econ. Statistics (IF 0.918) Pub Date : 20200305
Gabriele MazzoliniThis paper investigates the economic consequences of workplace accidents in the British labour market. For the empirical analysis, I use data on employment and earnings from the British Household Panel Survey and exploit fixed effects estimators to control for time‐invariant unobserved workers’ characteristics. I provide evidence that accidents at work negatively affect both job opportunities and workers’

Accounting for Heterogeneity in Network Formation Behaviour: An Application to Vietnamese SMEs Oxford Bull. Econ. Statistics (IF 0.918) Pub Date : 20200227
Tadao Hoshino, Daichi Shimamoto, Yasuyuki TodoNetwork formation is often characterized by homophily, i.e. the tendency of agents to connect with others who have similar attributes. However, while most agents are homophilous, others could be heterophilous; they aim to create ties with dissimilar agents. This study provides empirical evidence supporting this hypothesis by applying a random coefficient approach to data on the information‐sharing

Distributional Effects of a Continuous Treatment with an Application on Intergenerational Mobility Oxford Bull. Econ. Statistics (IF 0.918) Pub Date : 20200225
Brantly Callaway, Weige HuangThis paper considers the effect of a continuous treatment on the entire distribution of outcomes after adjusting for differences in the distribution of covariates across different levels of the treatment. Our methodology encompasses dose‐response functions, counterfactual distributions, and ‘distributional policy effects’ depending on the assumptions invoked by the researcher. We propose a three‐step

Labour Supply after Inheritances and the Role of Expectations Oxford Bull. Econ. Statistics (IF 0.918) Pub Date : 20200213
Karina Doorley, Nico PestelThis paper examines the effect of inheritances on labour supply, distinguishing between unanticipated and anticipated inheritances. We use household and individual level micro‐data for Germany to investigate the effect of inheritances on a number of labour market outcomes. Women are less likely to work full‐time after an inheritance and their desired and actual hours of work decrease by 1–2 per week

Domestic Violence and Child Mortality in the Developing World Oxford Bull. Econ. Statistics (IF 0.918) Pub Date : 20200212
Samantha Rawlings, Zahra SiddiqueWe examine the effect of domestic violence on child mortality using Demographic and Health Surveys from thirty‐two developing countries. We first examine conditional associations between violence faced by the mother and child mortality after controlling for observable confounders. Children of (ever) physically victimized mothers are 0.4, 0.7, and 1.0 pp more likely to die within thirty days, a year

The Wage Penalty for Married Women of Career Interruptions: Evidence from the 1970s and the 1990s Oxford Bull. Econ. Statistics (IF 0.918) Pub Date : 20200120
John Bailey Jones, Minhee Kim, Byoung G. ParkThe goal of this paper is to assess how the wage penalty for career interruptions by married women changed between the 1970s and the 1990s. We estimate the wage penalty for career interruptions using the work‐history model and PSID data. We use several approaches to control for various forms of endogeneity and selection bias. Our empirical results suggest that (i) the wage penalty for married women's

Europe Through the Crisis: Discretionary Policy Changes and Automatic Stabilizers Oxford Bull. Econ. Statistics (IF 0.918) Pub Date : 20200120
Alari Paulus, Iva Valentinova TassevaTax‐benefit policies affect changes in household incomes through two main channels: discretionary policy changes and automatic stabilizers. We study their role in the EU countries in 2007–14 using an extended decomposition approach. Our results show that the two policy actions often reduced rather than increased inequality of net incomes, and so helped offset the inequality‐increasing impact of growing