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  • CAR: heuristics for the inventory routing problem
    Wireless Networks (IF 2.405) Pub Date : 2020-01-23
    Ramkumar Nambirajan, Abraham Mendoza, Subramanian Pazhani, T. T. Narendran, K. Ganesh

    Abstract Vendor managed inventory (VMI) is a streamlined approach to inventory and order fulfillment and is a system in which vendors continuously and automatically replenish a trading partner’s inventory. Vendors must ensure appropriate quantities of storages at the point of demand and must ensure optimal distribution plans, including routing of the distribution vehicles. This problem is known as the inventory routing problem (IRP) and seeks to integrate the routing of vehicles used for collection and distribution, with conventional inventory management. This paper addresses an IRP with a manufacturer that supplies a product using a fleet of vehicles to a set of warehouses over a defined time horizon. We develop a mixed integer linear program to determine the optimal allocation and the routing schedule for warehouses over the defined time horizon. To solve this problem, we propose a three-phase heuristic approach, called CAR: clustering of receiver nodes, allocation of quantities to these nodes, and routing of delivery vehicles through clusters of nodes. Computational studies are carried out and experimental trials conducted over a large number of data sets provide encouraging results and show usefulness of the solution approaches. The proposed ILP would provide optimal solution to the problem but it demands huge computational effort. However, CAR2, a proposed heuristic, is able to get solutions 7.41% better than the upper bound solutions obtained from CPLEX. These approaches can easily be implemented into existing VMI systems.

    更新日期:2020-01-23
  • A SDN-based intelligent prediction approach to power traffic identification and monitoring for smart network access
    Wireless Networks (IF 2.405) Pub Date : 2020-01-23
    Chuan Liu, Gang Zhang, Bozhong Li, Rui Ma, Dingde Jiang, Yong Zhao

    Abstract Nowadays, more and more electric power services are carried on the power information communication network (PICN) including power grid production and scheduling, communication, and environment sensing, in the form of data, voice and video. To improve the resource utilization efficiency, it is necessary to carry out traffic prediction approach in PICN. However, the accessing businesses have diversified characteristics, which are reflected to different types of traffic flow in PICN. Moreover, the traditional PICN is a distributed network and cannot be controlled flexibly, which leads to the poor accuracy of traffic prediction algorithm. To address these problems, we combine the Software Defined Networking (SDN) architecture and Radial Basis Function neural network (RBFNN) for traffic intelligent prediction in PICN. The SDN controller can acquire global knowledge of PICN in each time slot to guide the data sampling process. Further, the complex nonlinear relationships of large-scale network traffics are analyzed by RBFNN model to realize high-precision traffic identification. The proposed scheme is evaluated based on by POX and Mininet platforms. Simulation results show that the proposed SDN-based intelligent prediction scheme can accurately forecast the change trend of each traffic flow and has better performance and lower prediction error than current schemes.

    更新日期:2020-01-23
  • A SDN-based active measurement method to traffic QoS sensing for smart network access
    Wireless Networks (IF 2.405) Pub Date : 2020-01-23
    Chuan Liu, Weiguo Ju, Gang Zhang, Xin Xu, Jing Tao, Dingde Jiang, Jingbao Lu

    Abstract Power communication network is very important for the management of the power system. With the exponential growth of the power equipment and the drastic increase in the amount of power monitoring data, there is a huge challenge for the smart network access of the power communication network. Then, software defined network (SDN) which is flexible and scalable is suitable for the power communication network. In order to increase the high quality of service (QoS) of provided communication for users, the traffic QoS sensing is the key of the smart network access in the power communication network. Then, we propose a SDN-Based active measurement method to measure the evaluation parameters of the smart network access in the power communication network. Firstly, we introduce the instructions provided by the OpenFlow protocol, which can be used to collect statistics from OpenFlow switches. Secondly, we define the parameters that should be measured in the power communication network to evaluate the performance of the network and give the corresponding measurement method with them. Next, we proposed a SDN-based active measurement algorithm that updates its measurement interval based on the measurement throughput changes. Finally, we built a simulation platform using the Mininet simulator and the POX controller to verify the proposed measurement method, and the simulation results show the accuracy of our proposed method and the measurement load of our proposed method are both better than that of Polling measurement methods.

    更新日期:2020-01-23
  • On covert throughput performance of two-way relay covert wireless communications
    Wireless Networks (IF 2.405) Pub Date : 2020-01-22
    Huihui Wu, Yuanyu Zhang, Xuening Liao, Yulong Shen, Xiaohong Jiang

    Abstract Covert wireless communication ensures information security by hiding the existence of the information transmission itself. Available works mainly focused on the covert throughput study of one-hop wireless communications, while the performance limit of covert throughput in important two-way two-hop scenarios remains largely unknown. As the most significant contribution, this paper, for the first time, investigates such performance limit in a system where two sources wish to covertly exchange information through a relay against the detection of a warden, i.e., a malicious node that attempts to detect the existence of communication between the two sources. As the second contribution, this paper considers various scenarios regarding the warden’s prior knowledge about the relay, the sources/relay’s prior knowledge about the warden, as well as different relaying patterns, and then proposes a covertness strategy to resist the warden’s detection for each scenario. As the last contribution, we derive the scaling law result for the covert throughput of the system for each scenario, i.e., the maximum number of bits that the two sources can exchange subject to a constraint on the detection probability of the warden. The results in this paper indicate that the covert throughput of the concerned system follows the well-known square root scaling law, which is independent of the relaying patterns, detection schemes, covertness strategies, and prior knowledges of the sources/relay and warden.

    更新日期:2020-01-23
  • A knee point-driven multi-objective artificial flora optimization algorithm
    Wireless Networks (IF 2.405) Pub Date : 2020-01-22
    Xuehan Wu, Shafei Wang, Ye Pan, Huaizong Shao

    Abstract In recent days, swarm intelligent (SI) optimization algorithms have been proved to be a powerful framework for finding tradeoff solutions of multi-objective optimization problems (MOPs). Many researchers have proposed various SI optimization algorithms. Multi-objective artificial flora (MOAF) optimization algorithm is a recently proposed algorithm for solving MOPs. However, problems of decreased population diversity and uniformity of solutions distribution in the late evolutionary period is existed in the algorithm. Hence, this paper proposes a knee point-driven MOAF (kpMOAF) optimization algorithm to address the vulnerability of MOAF optimization algorithm. Knee points of the non-dominant solutions are taken by the proposed algorithm as criterion to guide the population evolution. Researchers have proved that select knee points equals to select a large hypervolume. Therefore, using it as criterion is an effective way to enhance the population convergence rate and maintain the diversity of solutions. In addition, adaptive neighborhood control method is introduced in the evolution process to improve the algorithm development capability. Simulation results on 10 benchmark functions demonstrate the competitiveness of kpMOAF optimization algorithm.

    更新日期:2020-01-23
  • Cognitive radio paradigm and recent trends of antenna systems in the UWB 3.1–10.6 GHz
    Wireless Networks (IF 2.405) Pub Date : 2020-01-22
    N. Anveshkumar, A. S. Gandhi, Vigneswaran Dhasarathan

    Abstract This article mainly focuses on the concept of cognitive radio paradigm in the ultra-wideband 3.1–10.6 GHz and recent trends of various antenna systems required for these applications. This paper also presents the working principle of cognitive radio model and the importance of UWB 3.1–10.6 GHz technology for various wireless communication applications. In the cognitive radio model, ultra-wideband antennas are employed for free channels identification and reconfigurable narrow band antennas for communication. Based on the utilization of different UWB and narrow band antennas, the antennas are divided into four distinct categories. The first category covers individual UWB and narrow band antennas. The second category includes reconfigurable UWB/NB antennas. The third category consists of dual-port integrated UWB and NB antennas. The fourth category comprise of multi-port integrated UWB and NB antennas. So, this paper reports all the four categories of ultra-wideband and frequency reconfigurable narrow band antennas clearly. It also focuses on the recent trends in these antennas. Moreover, it discusses about the comparison study of various antennas and their characteristics. Furthermore, a discussion on hardware working principle and its implementation is presented. The hardware realization is presented using arbitrary waveform generator, real-time signal analyzer, software defined radio platforms, field programmable gate arrays and universal software radio peripheral.

    更新日期:2020-01-23
  • A new Walrasian mechanism design for optimal pricing and resource allocation in heterogeneous wireless access networks
    Wireless Networks (IF 2.405) Pub Date : 2020-01-21
    Vahid Haghighatdoost, Siavash Khorsandi

    Abstract In this paper, we address joint spectrum allocation and pricing problem in heterogeneous wireless access networks. In contrast to traditional static spectrum allocation approach, we model the spectrum as a market commodity, dynamically arbitrated by a regulatory agent with the aim of maximizing the social welfare. This is of particular importance with the dominance of wireless technologies in access networks and the sharp increase in the number of overlapping wireless technologies and networks. We designed a novel Walrasian mechanism called economic resource allocation and pricing based on a three-stage game model capable of considering multiple networks and clients with individual attributes and preferences. In the first stage, competition among networks for spectrum allocation is handled where the regulatory evaluates the social welfare and takes corrective action. In the bottom two stages, the complex interactions between clients and networks result in bitrate allocations and service pricings. The equilibrium condition is analyzed using the Walrasian market model which is argued to be the Nash equilibrium of the proposed game. The system behavior is analyzed through extensive simulations. The results confirm the effectiveness of the proposed mechanisms in moving the system towards maximal social welfare.

    更新日期:2020-01-22
  • An enhanced joint scheduling scheme for GBR and non-GBR services in 5G RAN
    Wireless Networks (IF 2.405) Pub Date : 2020-01-20
    Daniela Panno, Salvatore Riolo

    Abstract Next 5G networks will support different kind of services covering a large number of use cases with very distinct quality of service (QoS) requirements. In particular, in enhanced mobile BroadBand usage scenarios, guaranteed bit rate (GBR) services with minimum GBR requirements and non-GBR services are provided. In the 5G radio access network, the data flows for these services are mapped into GBR data radio bearers (GBR DRBs) and non-GBR DRBs, respectively. This paper presents a new radio (NR) resource scheduling scheme designed to jointly manage this heterogeneous traffic in downlink OFDMA-based 5G NR. More specifically, our approach provides for a QoS aware joint scheduling framework, called enhanced joint scheduling (eJS) scheme, which aims at guaranteeing the minimum data rate requirements of accommodated data radio bearers. In this framework any chosen scheduling strategy can be implemented. In particular, we propose two different channel aware scheduling strategies, at the aim of being able to choose a different trade-off between the goals of maximizing the system throughput and reaching the fairness among DRBs. Moreover, the eJS scheme is designed to work well in realistic scenarios where non-ideal connection admission controls are adopted. We benchmark our eJS scheme against other existing scheduling schemes via a several number of simulations, under different traffic and channel conditions. The comparative analysis shows that our joint control scheme outperforms the reference schemes in terms of throughput and fairness, while satisfying a larger number of GBR DRBs.

    更新日期:2020-01-21
  • Secrecy capacity maximization for untrusted UAV-assisted cooperative communications with wireless information and power transfer
    Wireless Networks (IF 2.405) Pub Date : 2020-01-16
    Van Phu Tuan, Nguyen Quang Sang, Hyung Yun Kong

    Abstract This article addresses the problem of secure communication in an unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV)-aided wireless communication system in which a source sends confidential messages to a destination via an untrusted UAV mounted with a miniaturized energy-harvesting transceiver. The UAV can overhear the source’s confidential messages. To create a positive secrecy rate, the destination sends jamming signals during the communication. We aim to maximize the achievable secrecy rate for two scenarios: security-on-demand UAV (SoD-UAV), where the UAV can modify its trajectory and power-splitting (PS) ratio to serve the secure communication, and non-security-on-demand UAV (nSoD-UAV), where the UAV only forwards the source’s messages. For the nSoD-UAV, we optimize the transmit powers at the source and the destination for a given UAV’s trajectory and given PS ratios. For the SoD-UAV, the UAV’s trajectory, the PS ratios and the transmit powers are jointly optimized. Due to the non-convex optimization problems, we use successive convex optimization and block coordinate descent methods to find efficient approximate solutions. Numerical results verify that the achievable secrecy rate is significantly improved using the proposed algorithms.

    更新日期:2020-01-17
  • ITU TWDM-PON module for ns-3
    Wireless Networks (IF 2.405) Pub Date : 2020-01-16
    Yu Nakayama, Ryoma Yasunaga

    Abstract Optical fiber access systems are one of the driving forces behind the success of the Internet. Time- and wavelength-division multiplexing passive optical network (TWDM-PON) is regarded as the key technology for future Internet access networks. In this paper, we propose an ITU TWDM-PON module for the ns-3 network simulator and describe its concept and design specifications. The proposed module is developed based on the XG-PON module for ns-3. It can simulate G.989 standard-compliant data packet transmission in the upstream and downstream directions using multiple wavelength channels. It enables us to evaluate the performance issues that arise with the TWDM-PON development, including various dynamic bandwidth allocation and dynamic wavelength allocation algorithms. The proposed module is expected to become a good platform for studying future access networks composed of TWDM-PON and mobile networks by enabling us to simulate dynamic wavelength and bandwidth allocation.

    更新日期:2020-01-17
  • CL-AGKA: certificateless authenticated group key agreement protocol for mobile networks
    Wireless Networks (IF 2.405) Pub Date : 2020-01-16
    Susmita Mandal, Sujata Mohanty, Banshidhar Majhi

    Wireless group communication has gained much popularity recently due to the increase in portable, lightweight devices. These devices are capable of performing group communication by enabling every participant to agree upon a group key for secure communication in an insecure network. Many authenticated group key agreement schemes have been proposed, but most of the schemes lack the dynamic property of mobile node joining/leaving the group such that the session key is updated without affecting the protocol. In this paper, we propose a pairing-free certificateless authenticated group key agreement protocol based on elliptic curve cryptosystem for resource-constrained mobile nodes. The objective of the proposed key-agreement protocol is to ensure the un-deniability of any message exchanged between the sender and receiver, contributory property for group key agreement, and allowing mobile users to join or leave the group dynamically by enabling forward and backward secrecy. Through the rigorous security analysis, we show that the proposed scheme achieves the well-known security functionalities against various types of attacks using informal security analysis and rigorous formal analysis using the random oracle model. Moreover, the protocol validation result using broadly-accepted automated validation of internet security protocols and applications shows that the protocol is safe under OFMC and CL-AtSe back-ends. Furthermore, the result of performance analysis shows that our proposed scheme achieves desirable security properties as compared to the existing related schemes by reducing the overall computation and communication cost despite a gradual increase in the number of participating mobile nodes.

    更新日期:2020-01-16
  • Data gathering via mobile sink in WSNs using game theory and enhanced ant colony optimization
    Wireless Networks (IF 2.405) Pub Date : 2020-01-14
    P. V. Pravija Raj, Ahmed M. Khedr, Zaher Al Aghbari

    Optimal performance and improved lifetime are the most desirable design benchmarks for WSNs and the mechanism for data gathering is a major constituent influencing these standards. Several researchers have provided significant evidence on the advantage of mobile sink (MS) in performing effective gathering of relevant data. However, determining the trajectory for MS is an NP-hard-problem. Especially in delay-inevitable applications, it is challenging to select the best-stops or rendezvous points (RPs) for MS and also to design an efficient route for MS to gather data. To provide a suitable solution to these challenges, we propose in this paper, a game theory and enhanced ant colony based MS route selection and data gathering (GTAC-DG) technique. This is a distributed method of data gathering using MS, combining the optimal decision making skill of game theory in selecting the best RPs and computational swarm intelligence of enhanced ant colony optimization in choosing the best path for MS. GTAC-DG helps to reduce data transfer and management, energy consumption and delay in data delivery. The MS moves in a reliable and intelligent trajectory, extending the lifetime and conserving the energy of WSN. The simulation results prove the effectiveness of GTAC-DG in terms of metrics such as energy and network lifetime.

    更新日期:2020-01-15
  • Design and development of planar antenna array for mimo application
    Wireless Networks (IF 2.405) Pub Date : 2020-01-14
    T. Prabhu, S. Chenthur Pandian

    Abstract Multi-Input Multi-Output (MIMO) is the need for recent communication system for the enhancement of channel capacity. While the number of antenna array elements increased, the spacing between the array elements and size of the antenna reduced. Hence high coupling between the elements occur, and thus the channel capacity reduced. There were several existing methods employs, however there were some limitations like reduced gain, dielectric constant, and bandwidth. So as to overcome this and to increase the performance characteristics such as bandwidth, gain of MIMO antennas and to lessen the dielectric constant of substrate material this proposed scheme is introduced. Using these considerations and requirements, an array of two-element MIMO system will be designed and developed with a less dielectric material (\( \varvec{\varepsilon}_{{\varvec{r }}} < 4 \)). So in this Taconic RF-35 (dielectric constant is 3.5), Two T-Shaped antennas are employed for 2.45 GHz (ISM band) with multiple modes of operation to achieve the improved bandwidth of about − 10 db. Simulation is done by HFSS 13.0.

    更新日期:2020-01-14
  • Performance analysis of bit error rate of data link system under pulse LFM interference in time-varying rayleigh channel
    Wireless Networks (IF 2.405) Pub Date : 2020-01-14
    Kui Zhao, Fangmin He, Jin Meng, Hao Wu, Lei Zhang

    In such mobile platforms as ships and aircraft, the detection and reconnaissance devices are near to the communication facilities. When working at the same time, they will create interference or jamming themselves. Especially, the high-power radar equipment tend to cause a high bit error rate (BER) in the data link system (DLS), with the result that the DLS cannot operate normally. For this reason, this paper makes a study of the BER performance of the DLS under the pulse linear frequency modulation (LFM) interference in the time-varying Rayleigh channel. In view of the the time-varying characteristics of channel in the practical conditions, the interference channel is modeled as a time-varying Rayleigh fading channel and the formula of BER is derived. Through simulation, the theoretical deduction is proved to be correct. This is of much importance to analyzing the variation of BER performance with the pulse width, power and doppler frequency shift under the pulse LFM interference.

    更新日期:2020-01-14
  • Development of an effective method of tariff formation for rural areas: the case of Russian Federation
    Wireless Networks (IF 2.405) Pub Date : 2020-01-13
    João Paulo Pereira, Daria Zamotajlova, Elena Popova

    Abstract The conducted researches have shown that the features of the housing and communal sector do not allow talking about the possibility of calculating the “optimal” tariff rate. The development of an effective method of tariff formation for rural areas is particularly acute. The use of traditional method to calculate the amount of tariffs for housing and communal services provided to the population and enterprises (called “cost plus” approach) consists in a simple summation of the cost price of a service with a premium that was set directly by a particular housing and communal enterprise within the maximum and minimum values. The authors found that none of the current pricing and tariffs’ setting methods fulfills the requirements for an effective and economically founded tariff policy in the housing and communal services sector. In this regard, the development of a new methodology that will ensure the receipt of compromise tariffs for housing and communal services is required. Compromise analysis, the main purpose of which is to obtain optimal prices, can be used as a basis of such methodology.

    更新日期:2020-01-13
  • Analytical approach towards available bandwidth estimation in wireless ad hoc networks
    Wireless Networks (IF 2.405) Pub Date : 2020-01-11
    Mukta, Neeraj Gupta

    Since 1999 IEEE 802.11 has become a dominating wireless technology for providing WLAN in both public and private places. The protocol has evolved with time and the current version of protocol allows the maximum data rate up to 6.76 Gbps. Providing high data rate makes it capable of supporting applications demanding high bandwidth and less delay. The protocol is built on carrier sense multiple access with collision avoidance (CSMA/CA) principle to minimize the collisions. In real-time networks as the traffic increases, collisions take place between different flows leading to delay and wastage of bandwidth. In literature, various works are dedicated to predicting the collision probability to estimate available bandwidth of the network. One of the popular approaches “ABE” (Sarr et al. in IEEE Trans Mob Comput 7(10):1228–1241, 2008) focused on this issue and calculates collision probability of “Hello Packets” and interpolating it to get the collision probability of data packets to estimate the available bandwidth. The current work proposes to use an analytical approach to predict the collision probability without any intrusiveness and estimate the available bandwidth for accurate admission control. Most of the literature that uses mathematical approach assumed homogeneous conditions. The current paper takes into consideration heterogeneous conditions to resemble real networks. The paper proposes amalgamation of passive approach and analytical approach, yielding more accurate results. The work is verified through extensive simulations to validate our proposed model. Since the model is based on analytical approach, major benefits are: (a) there is no need to send packets for estimating the collisions, hence scaling down the overheads; (b) One can change the parameters and predict the result set for any given conditions; (c) the method is cost-effective and non-intrusive in nature.

    更新日期:2020-01-13
  • Instrumentation for measuring users’ goodputs in dense Wi-Fi deployments and capacity-planning rules
    Wireless Networks (IF 2.405) Pub Date : 2020-01-11
    José Luis García-Dorado, Javier Ramos, Francisco J. Gomez-Arribas, Eduardo Magaña, Javier Aracil

    Before a dense Wi-Fi network is deployed, Wi-Fi providers must be careful with the performance promises they made in their way to win a bidding process. After such deployment takes place, Wi-Fi-network owners—such as public institutions—must verify that the QoS agreements are being fulfilled. We have merged both needs into a low-cost measurement system, a report of measurements at diverse scenarios and a performance prediction tool. The measurement system allows measuring the actual goodput that a set of users are receiving, and it has been used in a number of schools on a national scale. From this experience, we report measurements for different scenarios and diverse factors—which may result of interest to practitioners by themselves. Finally, we translate all the learned lessons to a freely-available capacity-planning tool for forecasting performance given a set of input parameters such as frequency, signal strength and number of users—and so, useful for estimating the cost of future deployments.

    更新日期:2020-01-13
  • Reverse logistics optimization of an industrial air conditioner manufacturing company for designing sustainable supply chain: a fuzzy hybrid multi-criteria decision-making approach
    Wireless Networks (IF 2.405) Pub Date : 2020-01-11
    Sadia Samar Ali, Turan Paksoy, Belkız Torğul, Rajbir Kaur

    Magnified resource consumption and depletion of natural resources calls for non-flexible or strict regulations and penalties on industrial operations, increased rate of processing and reuse of waste material as a substitute for raw material and political and legal interventions at global scale. Product recovery involves reuse, repair, refurbishing, remanufacturing and materials recycling, requires an efficient network design known as reverse logistic network and offers economical benefits in terms of fewer procurement of raw material, inventory management and less disposal. In current study, a mixed integer linear programming model designed on a multi-stage reverse logistics network for product recovery is proposed which considers different recovery options-product remanufacturing, component reprocessing and material recycling for sustainable outcomes. The model is designed to find optimal solutions for fulfilling demand and revenue needs by focusing on strategic locations for collection centers, reprocessing centers, remanufacturing plants and transportation options and simultaneously achieving sustainability goals. The model is applied on an Indian based manufacturing unit of a Saudi Arabian Industrial Air conditioner manufacturing organization and the case is presented here. The model is converted into a multi-objective programming model in accordance with the importance of each objective suiting the business needs. All relevant objective functions are evaluated using BWM, AHP and FAHP methods to obtain weights for integration into a fuzzy linear programming model which eventually provides three separate results. The model applied has originality and uniqueness for applications to solve multi-objective problems under uncertain environment and tends to strike a balance between economic and environmental objectives. The study provides for a base for further scope covering uncertainty about the amount and quality of returned products and even can be implemented by practitioners and academics for making a significant contribution in improving the efficiency of supply chains.

    更新日期:2020-01-13
  • Prediction of time series using wavelet Gaussian process for wireless sensor networks
    Wireless Networks (IF 2.405) Pub Date : 2020-01-08
    Jose Mejia, Alberto Ochoa-Zezzatti, Oliverio Cruz-Mejía, Boris Mederos

    The detection and transmission of a physical variable over time, by a node of a sensor network to its sink node, represents a significant communication overload and consequently one of the main energy consumption processes. In this article we present an algorithm for the prediction of time series, with which it is expected to reduce the energy consumption of a sensor network, by reducing the number of transmissions when reporting to the sink node only when the prediction of the sensed value differs in certain magnitude, to the actual sensed value. For this end, the proposed algorithm combines a wavelet multiresolution transform with robust prediction using Gaussian process. The data is processed in wavelet domain, taking advantage of the transform ability to capture geometric information and decomposition in more simple signals or subbands. Subsequently, the decomposed signal is approximated by Gaussian process one for each subband of the wavelet, in this manner the Gaussian process is given to learn a much simple signal. Once the process is trained, it is ready to make predictions. We compare our method with pure Gaussian process prediction showing that the proposed method reduces the prediction error and is improves large horizons predictions, thus reducing the energy consumption of the sensor network.

    更新日期:2020-01-09
  • ECRP: an energy-aware cluster-based routing protocol for wireless sensor networks
    Wireless Networks (IF 2.405) Pub Date : 2020-01-08
    Noureddine Moussa, Zakaria Hamidi-Alaoui, Abdelbaki El Belrhiti El Alaoui

    Abstract Energy conservation is the main issue in wireless sensor networks. Many existing clustering protocols have been proposed to balance the energy consumption and maximize the battery lifetime of sensor nodes. However, these protocols suffer from the excessive overhead due to repetitive clustering resulting in high-energy consumption. In this paper, we propose energy-aware cluster-based routing protocol (ECRP) in which not only the cluster head (CH) role rotates based on energy around all cluster members until the end of network functioning to avoid frequent re-clustering, but also it can adapt the network topology change. Further, ECRP introduces a multi-hop routing algorithm so that the energy consumption is minimized and balanced. As well, a fault-tolerant mechanism is proposed to cope up with the failure of CHs and relay nodes. We perform extensive simulations on the proposed protocol using different network scenarios. The simulation results demonstrate the superiority of ECRP compared with recent and relevant existing protocols in terms of main performance metrics.

    更新日期:2020-01-08
  • Sustainability modelling and green energy optimisation in microgrid powered distributed FogMicroDataCenters in rural area
    Wireless Networks (IF 2.405) Pub Date : 2020-01-08
    Padma Priya R, D. Rekha

    Abstract Government now-a-days are looking forward to achieve “Energy for All” standards. Countries are committing themselves to reduce carbon emissions. Recently, every IT industry giants, who typically own and operate huge Data Centers (DC) are looking forward to achieve “100% usage of green energy to power their datacenters, contribute to the utility grid in equivalence to their electrical power consumptions”. Electrification and gradual decarbonisation still continue as significant, global concern. Hence it is pretty clear that need for MicroGrid (MG) based facilities is actually a mandatory. But intermittent-characteristic (unreliability/unavailability) of Renewable-Energy (RE) generating sources (like Solar Panels, Wind Turbines) regularly hinder both the stake holders-Government and IT industry from accomplishing such social and economic initiatives. Hence SmartMicroGrid (SMG) connected with utility grid are envisioned to support powering industries inorder to avoid future power outages. Interconnected industry4.0 factories where, actually the smart-management interms of two-way power supply and two-way communication network is foreseen. They are highly dependent on modern, integrated, Information and Communication technologies (IoT sensors, Fog and Cloud computing etc.). In this paper we have focussed on two objectives. Firstly our objective is to identify, optimum renewable-generation-capacities inorder to minimise investment cost of a microgrid. Secondly our objective is to maximize usage of more clean energy for applications running on FogMicroDataCenter (fogMDC), powered by microgrids and controlled by Sofware Defined Networking (SDN). We have used realistic meteorological data of Tamil nadu, India for our proposed work. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first work proposed for two different scenarios, performance modelling and economic modelling aiding MG powered FogMDCs. Proposed economic modelling work is related to finding, the optimum sizing of distributed energy resources and financial cost. Proposed performance modelling is about, the clean energy usages in micro grid powered fogMDC for operations, supported by SDN for efficient distributed Virtual Machine (VM) based resource utilization to guarantee QoS in time sensitive IoT applications.

    更新日期:2020-01-08
  • ProRec: a unified content caching and replacement framework for mobile edge computing
    Wireless Networks (IF 2.405) Pub Date : 2020-01-08
    Peiyan Yuan, Yunyun Cai, Yihang Liu, Junna Zhang, Yali Wang, Xiaoyan Zhao

    In this paper, we investigate the content deployment problem from precaching and device-to-device communication perspectives. In the precaching stage, contents are prefetched and stored in edge nodes to be quickly provided to end users. In the device-to-device communication process, intermediate nodes face a dilemma in deciding whether to cache contents coming from or going to neighboring nodes to accelerate the content delivery. We call the former proactive caching and the latter reactive caching. We then design ProRec, a unified caching framework, by jointly considering the two cases with the goal of maximizing the content hit ratio. ProRec first addresses the optimization problem using the method of Lagrangian multipliers and obtains a general solution to the optimal content copies. Second, a greedy solution, proven to achieve the optimum with a probability of at least \(1-1/e\), is used to cache and replace contents. Finally, an edge computing simulation platform that includes real and synthetic traces is built as a case study to verify the effectiveness of ProRec. The numerical results show that it simultaneously improves the cache hit ratio and content delivery delay.

    更新日期:2020-01-08
  • Minimizing transmission delays in vehicular ad hoc networks by optimized placement of road-side unit
    Wireless Networks (IF 2.405) Pub Date : 2020-01-04
    Zeeshan Ahmed, Saba Naz, Jamil Ahmed

    In a vehicular ad hoc network (VANET), a road side unit (RSU) is a network traffic transmitter statically placed along the route to facilitate communication between vehicles and network infrastructure. The transmission and propagation delays, and the capacity of a VANET greatly depend upon the relative positions of RSUs along the road. In this paper, we investigate the problem of RSU placement on a highway-like roadway and propose a scheme that reduces network latency while ensuring good network capacity. In this regard, an integer linear programming model with the objective of minimizing network latency has been developed that depicts the network under consideration. Optimization techniques have then been applied to determine the RSU deployment that provides the minimum network latency. The proposed scheme was validated by generating traffic mobility patterns by using VanetMobiSim and performing simulations in NS2. In-depth comparative analyses of the proposed scheme with uniform distribution scheme and cost-effective strategy showed a reduction of 25% and 10% in network latency, respectively and thus established the superiority of the proposed solution.

    更新日期:2020-01-04
  • A VDTN scheme with enhanced buffer management
    Wireless Networks (IF 2.405) Pub Date : 2020-01-04
    Zhaoyang Du, Celimuge Wu, Xianfu Chen, Xiaoyan Wang, Tsutomu Yoshinaga, Yusheng Ji

    Vehicular delay tolerant networks (VDTNs) enable communications in sparse vehicular ad-hoc networks and other challenged environments where traditional networking approaches fail. We propose a VDTN routing scheme that combines the message deliver strategy of PRoPHET protocol, the message copy control strategy of Spray-and-Wait protocol and an enhanced buffer management scheme. In our proposal, the buffer management scheme is designed to improve certain network performance goals, namely, maximizing the average delivery ratio and minimizing the average delivery delay. Furthermore, we use computer simulations to show that the proposed routing scheme achieves better system performance than the existing baseline routing protocols.

    更新日期:2020-01-04
  • A QoE-based dynamic energy-efficient network selection algorithm
    Wireless Networks (IF 2.405) Pub Date : 2020-01-03
    Linbo He, Dingde Jiang, Chao Wei

    For different network traffic and network state’s time-varying characteristics, this paper studies the highly energy-efficient network selection algorithm under dynamic change. Network selection algorithm has an important impact on network performance and users’ experience, while current network selection schemes depend on a prior. They cannot effectively select the appropriate network. Targeting users’ quality of experience (QoE) and networks’ energy consumption, this paper uses online dynamic learning property of Q-learning method, consider users’ QoE, networks’ energy consumption, and switch times together, and proposes a QoE based dynamic network selection algorithm. This algorithm can dynamically select the network, obtain the maximum users’ QoE and optimize networks’ energy consumption and switch times. Simulation results show that the proposed algorithm exhibits better performance.

    更新日期:2020-01-04
  • Measurements and path loss models for a TD-LTE network at 3.7 GHz in rural areas
    Wireless Networks (IF 2.405) Pub Date : 2020-01-03
    Nektarios Moraitis, Demosthenes Vouyioukas, Angelina Gkioni, Spyridon Louvros

    This paper presents an extensive path loss measurement campaign carried out in rural areas at 3.7 GHz, including line-of-sight (LOS) and non-LOS conditions. For this purpose, a commercially established fixed wireless access (FWA) network is exploited, operating with time-division long term evolution configuration. Furthermore, various models are examined and validated regarding their ability to predict accurately the path loss. The results reveal that the standard propagation model (SPM) achieves the best performance, thus being an attractive option for planning rural FWA links. The WINNER II and 3GPP/ITU-R models exhibit very good performance, as well. From the statistical assessment, the shadow fading follows the Lognormal distribution with a standard between 4.6 and 5.4 dB. An almost excellent fit is obtained regardless of the diverse propagation conditions in the specific area. Finally, from the model evaluation was concluded that SPM is highly recommended as the best option for a precise network dimensioning and planning.

    更新日期:2020-01-04
  • An improved image registration and fusion algorithm
    Wireless Networks (IF 2.405) Pub Date : 2020-01-02
    Dan Li, Lei Chen, Wenzheng Bao, Jinping Sun, Bin Ding, Zilong Li

    Abstract Under the background of telemedicine, a new registration and mosaic algorithm for medical images is proposed in this paper to solve the problems of electronic noise, uneven illumination and ray scattering in the real-time medical process. The improved Retinex algorithm by trilateral filter and homomorphic filtering algorithm can enhance the image effectively in preprocessing. The improved phase correlation algorithm based on log polar transformation was used to calculate parameters, such as rotation, scaling and translation. Then, the SUSAN corner matching points were extracted in overlapping positions, the improved KD tree was used for enhancing matching efficiency. Later, matching points were purified by the improved RANSAC algorithm. Finally, images were processed by Laplacian pyramid decomposition algorithm to make the image joint seemed smooth and natural. The results of experiments and evaluation criteria confirm that the new method has high robustness in the process of medical image registration and stitching in the network.

    更新日期:2020-01-04
  • Mitigation of mutual interference in IEEE 802.15.4-based wireless body sensor networks deployed in e-health monitoring systems
    Wireless Networks (IF 2.405) Pub Date : 2020-01-02
    Amir Hossein Moravejosharieh, Jaime Lloret

    One of the main issues experienced in wireless body sensor networks (WBSNs) is the destructive impacts of “mutual interference” caused by neighboring WBSNs on each other’s performance. Research communities have proposed several approaches to mitigate the impacts of mutual interference on the reliability of data transmission and sensor’s energy consumption. However, the proposed approaches came with a number of limitations, such as significant modification of the standard protocol or imposing a high level of complexity. In this paper, a range of schemes are proposed, and their performances are evaluated in the presence of mutual interference experienced in a dynamic environment. More specifically, we consider a situation where a large number of people (each individual covered with a number of sensors to fetch the human vital sign) are gathered at a sport centre to enjoy an event. In such a dynamic environment, people would highly likely experience mutual interference which would destructively impact on WBSN’s performances and eventually would result in an unreliable medical outcome. A simulation study is conducted in which a set of schemes proposed that indicates a gradual improvement of WBSN’s performances in terms of reliability of data transmission and sensor’s energy consumption. Our obtained results show that the frequency-adaptation strategy combined with phase-adaptation approach significantly improves the performance of WBSNs in the presence of mutual interference in a dynamic environment. Moreover, an experimental study is carried out to examine the feasibility of implementing the predominant scheme on real-world sensor devices and to further support the outcome of the simulation study.

    更新日期:2020-01-04
  • An energy efficient distributed queuing random access (EE-DQRA) MAC protocol for wireless body sensor networks
    Wireless Networks (IF 2.405) Pub Date : 2020-01-02
    Atul Kumar Pandey, Nisha Gupta

    In wireless sensor networks, a significant amount of energy is consumed by the sensor nodes during data packet transmission and reception. An IEEE 802.15.4 MAC protocol is not able to completely satisfy all the requirements of wireless body sensor networks (BSNs) in a healthcare environment. Hence there is a demand for the design of a new scalable and energy saving MAC protocols. In this paper the challenging healthcare requirements are considered and based upon these requirements, an energy efficient distributed queuing random access (EE-DQRA) MAC protocol is proposed for BSN scenarios which utilizes the concept of distributed queuing for enhanced radio channel utilization. The theoretical analysis of energy efficient EE-DQRA MAC protocol is being carried out systematically considering the limitations of IEEE 802.15.4 and DQ-MAC protocol. Further, EE-DQRA performance is validated with IEEE 802.15.4 system parameters using computer simulations. The effect of relative traffic load and payload length on the energy consumption, delay and throughput are also analyzed. The simulation results shows that the proposed EE-DQRA MAC with M/M/K queuing has better energy performance than the existing DQ-MAC and IEEE 802.15.4 MAC in BSN scenarios due to collisionless transmission in the data transmission queuing (DTQ) module while keeping the control packet overhead smaller in collision resolution queuing (CRQ) module. It is also evident that EE-DQRA requires a minimum delay in comparison to IEEE802.15.4 and DQ-MAC, due to overhead minimization and M/M/K queuing utilization in DTQ system.

    更新日期:2020-01-04
  • Computer generated hologram-based image cryptosystem with multiple chaotic systems
    Wireless Networks (IF 2.405) Pub Date : 2020-01-02
    Chuying Yu, Xiaowei Li, Shaoyuan Xu, Jianzhong Li

    Abstract Based on computer generated hologram (CGH) and multiple chaotic systems, a novel image encryption scheme is presented, in which shuffling the positions and changing the values of image pixels are combined to confuse the relationship between the ciphertext and the original image. In the encryption process, the complex distribution is permuted by use of the designed scrambling algorithm which is based on Chen’s chaotic system and logistic maps firstly. Subsequently, the Burch’s coding method is used to fabricate the CGH as the encrypted image. Finally, the pixel values of the encrypted CGH are changed by sine map to withstand statistical analysis attacks. Simulation results demonstrate that the proposed method has high security level and certain robustness against statistical analysis attacks, data loss, noise disturbance and differential attack.

    更新日期:2020-01-04
  • An adaptive threshold algorithm for offline Uyghur handwritten text line segmentation
    Wireless Networks (IF 2.405) Pub Date : 2020-01-02
    Eliyas Suleyman, Askar Hamdulla, Palidan Tuerxun, Kamil Moydin

    This paper presents an effective text-line segmentation algorithm and evaluates its performance on Uyghur handwritten text document images. Projection based adaptive threshold selection mechanism is implemented to detect and segment the text lines with different valued thresholds. The robustness of the proposed algorithm is admirable that experiments on 210 Uyghur handwritten document image including 2570 text lines got correct segmentation by 97.70% precision and 99.01% recall rate and outperformed the compared classic text-line segmentation algorithm on same evaluation set. Additionally, the proposed algorithm is tested on the public handwriting dataset and get 98.05% correct segmentation rate which is robust and promising.

    更新日期:2020-01-04
  • An improved intelligent clustering algorithm for irregular wireless network
    Wireless Networks (IF 2.405) Pub Date : 2020-01-02
    Xiang Hua, Zhaoxin Dong, Hongjuan Yao, Zhao Wang, Baohua Li, Bingqing Jiang, Hongtao Liang

    Abstract The topology management classifiers consist of several methods, such as the typical clustering-based method excelled in wireless network partitioning. However, most algorithms appear load unbalanced in the application of irregular network, resulting “energy hot zone” phenomenon. This paper proposes an improved intelligent clustering algorithm and applies it to the complex water system environment. Firstly, we build a new energy consumption model for wireless transmission network, and design a genetic clustering strategy via the minimum energy consumption principle. Secondly, we introduce the P matrix coding approach considering the search scale, so as to avoid the squared increasing relationship between the searching space and the data calculation. Thirdly, we employ adaptive genetic operator to enhance the directivity of the searching space, and utilize a fuzzy modified operator to enhance the accuracy of the cluster head selection, which may ensure the iterative efficiency. Through numerical simulations, empirical results show better performance than traditional methods in load balancing and clustering efficiency, which can effectively improve the network convergence speed and extend the network lifetime.

    更新日期:2020-01-04
  • Discriminative matrix-variate restricted Boltzmann machine classification model
    Wireless Networks (IF 2.405) Pub Date : 2020-01-02
    Jinghua Li, Pengyu Tian, Dehui Kong, Lichun Wang, Shaofan Wang, Baocai Yin

    Abstract Matrix-variate Restricted Boltzmann Machine (MVRBM), a variant of Restricted Boltzmann Machine, has demonstrated excellent capacity of modelling matrix variable. However, MVRBM is still an unsupervised generative model, and is usually used to feature extraction or initialization of deep neural network. When MVRBM is used to classify, additional classifiers must be added. In order to make the MVRBM itself be supervised, in this paper, we propose improved MVRBMs for classification, which can be used to classify 2D data directly and accurately. To this end, on one hand, classification constraint is added to MVRBM to get Matrix-variate Restricted Boltzmann Machine Classification Model (ClassMVRBM). On the other hand, fisher discriminant analysis criterion for matrix-style variable is proposed and applied to the hidden variable, therefore, the extracted feature is more discriminative so as to enhance the classification performance of ClassMVRBM. We call the novel model Matrix-variate Restricted Boltzmann Machine Classification Model with Fisher discriminant analysis (ClassMVRBM-MVFDA). Experimental results on some publicly available databases demonstrate the superiority of the proposed models. Of which, the image classification accuracy of ClassMVRBM is higher than conventional unsupervised RBM, its variants and supervised Restricted Boltzmann Machine Classification Model (ClassRBM) for vector variable. Especially, the image classification accuracy of the proposed ClassMVRBM-MVFDA performs better than supervised ClassMVRBM and vectorial RBM-FDA.

    更新日期:2020-01-04
  • Integrated bluetooth/LTE2600 superwideband monopole antenna with triple notched (WiMAX/WLAN/DSS) band characteristics for UWB/X/Ku band wireless network applications
    Wireless Networks (IF 2.405) Pub Date : 2020-01-01
    Vigneswaran Dhasarathan, Manish Sharma, Manoj Kapil, Prem Chand Vashist, Shobhit K. Patel, Truong Khang Nguyen

    Abstract In this manuscript, a compact superwideband monopole antenna with triple notched band characteristics is presented and is experimentally investigated. Proposed antenna is also suitable for lower band of applications including Bluetooth and LTE2600 bands. Superwideband bandwidth with bandwidth ratio ≥ 10:1 is obtained by using two identical ellipse which are placed at 70° with reference to major axis. A fractal stub is used to notch WiMAX interfering band while WLAN and DSS bands are notched by etching modified rectangular slots on the radiating patch. Antenna also constitutes slotted ground with chamfered corners for better matching of impedance. Proposed antenna is also investigated in terms of frequency, time and space domain. Antenna offers a wider superwideband bandwidth with VSWR ≤ 2 for 2.34 GHz to 20.00 GHz. In time domain, antenna offers constant group delay in entire operating bandwidth and acceptable impulse response for input signal. Also, antenna offers maximum gain of 4.98 dBi and radiation efficiency of 89%. Stable radiation pattern and above features of proposed antenna suggest antenna to be a good candidate for numerous applications in wireless system.

    更新日期:2020-01-04
  • Full-duplex medium access control protocols in wireless networks: a survey
    Wireless Networks (IF 2.405) Pub Date : 2020-01-01
    Mahdi Dibaei, Ali Ghaffari

    Abstract Medium Access Control (MAC) protocol plays an important role in full-duplex wireless networks. Theoretically, full-duplex communications have this ability to increase the capacity of traditional half-duplex wireless systems by up to twice. However, designing and implementing an efficient MAC protocol is a central issue in this way. Increasing throughput, collision avoidance, and fairness are common challenges in designing an efficient full-duplex MAC protocol. After giving a short introduction to the general classification of traditional MAC protocols, IEEE 802.11 MAC protocol, and the identified challenges of full-duplex communications in wireless networks, this review paper provides a comprehensive survey of current major MAC protocols for full-duplex wireless communications and classifies them in to three categories i.e. distributed wireless local area networks, centralized wireless local area networks, and other types of networks. This paper also explores and gives a comparative analysis of current full-duplex MAC protocols with stating their advantages and disadvantages as well as comparing them one with another.

    更新日期:2020-01-04
  • Exploring MDE techniques for engineering simulation models
    Wireless Networks (IF 2.405) Pub Date : 2020-01-01
    Zhi Zhu, Yonglin Lei, Qun Li, Yifan Zhu

    A recent approach to tackle the ever increasing complexity of simulation system is model-driven engineering (MDE). However, it is mostly used to produce simulation tools, and seldom can perform formal analysis. Consequently, this raises issues like poor qualities of product, and falls short of non-functional requirements such as extensibility, maintainability, and reuse. In general, many of the success of MDE projects depend on the descriptive power of modeling languages and how conceptual models are implemented. Hence, this paper presents contributions in two main aspects: customizing domain specific language by metamodeling and enhancing model continuity by formalizing model transformations. A military application is used as a motivating example to illustrate the whole process by transforming the conceptual models into other more precise formalisms until they reach final executable models.

    更新日期:2020-01-04
  • User behavior and user experience analysis for social network services
    Wireless Networks (IF 2.405) Pub Date : 2020-01-01
    Rong Bao, Lei Chen, Ping Cui

    The user behavior characteristics of mobile social network services are of guiding significance to the evaluation of user experience, and test cases and test scenarios should be designed according to user behavior characteristics. Current studies have heavily addressed the action sequence and the frequency distribution of user behavior. However, there is little research on the amount of user action triggered by the communication angle and the fluctuation of the user’s action communication performance under different scenarios. This paper analyzes the distribution of data concerning different user actions and tests the waiting time and success rate of different user actions in different scenes. The results suggest that the complex scenarios can consist of some typical user behaviors.

    更新日期:2020-01-04
  • Energy efficiency resource allocation for D2D communication network based on relay selection
    Wireless Networks (IF 2.405) Pub Date : 2020-01-01
    Gang Feng, Xizhong Qin, Zhenhong Jia, Shaohua Li

    Abstract In order to solve the problem of spectrum resource shortage and energy consumption, we put forward a new model that combines with D2D communication and energy harvesting technology: energy harvesting-aided D2D communication network under the cognitive radio (EHA-CRD), where the D2D users harvest energy from the base station and the D2D source communicate with D2D destination by D2D relays. Our goals are to investigate the maximization energy efficiency (EE) of the network by joint time allocation and relay selection while taking into the constraints of the signal-to-noise ratio of D2D and the rates of the Cellular users. During this process, the energy collection time and communication time are randomly allocated. The maximization problem of EE can be divided into two sub-problems: (1) relay selection problem; (2) time optimization problem. For the first sub-problem, we propose a weighted sum maximum algorithm to select the best relay. For the last sub-problem, the EE maximization problem is non-convex problem with time. Thus, by using fractional programming theory, we transform it into a standard convex optimization problem, and we propose the optimization iterative algorithm to solve the convex optimization problem for obtaining the optimal solution. And, the simulation results show that the proposed relay selection algorithm and time optimization algorithm are significantly improved compared with the existing algorithms.

    更新日期:2020-01-04
  • Distributed self-optimizing interference management in ultra-dense networks with non-orthogonal multiple access
    Wireless Networks (IF 2.405) Pub Date : 2020-01-01
    Yiming Liu, F. Richard Yu, Xi Li, Hong Ji, Victor C. M. Leung

    Abstract Both non-orthogonal multiple access (NOMA) and ultra-dense network (UDN) are promising technologies in future wireless networks. However, considering the overlapped coverage of small base stations (SBSs) and the spectrum sharing with NOMA, interference management (IM) becomes a more complex and fundamental problem. Moreover, considering the massive SBSs and dynamic network conditions in UDN, more efficient mechanisms need to be designed to deal with the IM issue. Thus, we propose a distributed self-optimizing interference management approach to address both the intra-cell interference caused by NOMA and the inter-cell interference among dense deployed SBSs. Aiming to minimize the interference and guarantee the users’ requirements, we mathematically formulate the joint resource allocation and user selection problem with consideration of the diverse user requirements, complicated interference topology, and limited resources. Furthermore, we consider the imperfections of successive interference cancellation at receivers for separating and decoding superimposed signals and analyze the impacts of residual interference and outage probability in NOMA-based UDNs. For tractability purpose, we introduce interference graph and satisfaction game theory and propose distributed algorithms to solve the problem. Simulation results show that interference can be reduced significantly in UDNs with NOMA compared with the traditional IM approaches.

    更新日期:2020-01-04
  • Analysis of phonemes and tones confusion rules obtained by ASR
    Wireless Networks (IF 2.405) Pub Date : 2020-01-01
    Gulnur Arkin, Askar Hamdulla, Mijit Ablimit

    This paper is based on the exploration of the effective method of erroneous phoneme pronunciation of Chinese mandarin learners whose mother tongue is Uyghur and the solution of major problems of language education, concerning the learner’s pronunciation, it uses a different method, namely data-driven approach, and the automatic speech recognition is also used to recognize phonemes of the pronunciation of Chinese mandarin learners. The phoneme sequence is identified and then the standard pronunciation phonemes corresponding to the recognized phonemes are used as the target phonemes to obtain the mapping relation of each target phoneme and recognition phoneme, thus the possible phoneme error categories and possible erroneous rules in pronunciation can be obtained, which may give some help to the learners to learn the Chinese auxiliary language system and the corresponding pronunciation evaluation model.

    更新日期:2020-01-04
  • Design and application of adaptive PID controller based on asynchronous advantage actor–critic learning method
    Wireless Networks (IF 2.405) Pub Date : 2019-12-31
    Qifeng Sun, Chengze Du, Youxiang Duan, Hui Ren, Hongqiang Li

    To address the problems of the slow convergence and inefficiency in the existing adaptive PID controllers, we propose a new adaptive PID controller using the asynchronous advantage actor–critic (A3C) algorithm. Firstly, the controller can train the multiple agents of the actor–critic structures in parallel exploiting the multi-thread asynchronous learning characteristics of the A3C structure. Secondly, in order to achieve the best control effect, each agent uses a multilayer neural network to approach the strategy function and value function to search the best parameter-tuning strategy in continuous action space. The simulation results indicate that our proposed controller can achieve the fast convergence and strong adaptability compared with conventional controllers.

    更新日期:2020-01-04
  • A sequential surrogate-based multiobjective optimization method: effect of initial data set
    Wireless Networks (IF 2.405) Pub Date : 2019-12-18
    Maria Guadalupe Villarreal-Marroquin, Jose Daniel Mosquera-Artamonov, Celso E. Cruz, Jose M. Castro

    Process optimization based on high-fidelity computer simulations or real experimentation is commonly expensive. Therefore, surrogate models are frequently used to reduce the computational or experimental cost. However, surrogate models need to achieve a maximum accuracy with a limited number of sampled points. Sequential sampling is a procedure in which sequentially surrogates are fitted and each surrogate defines the points that need to be sampled and used to fit the next model. For optimization purposes, points are sampled on regions of high potential for the optimal solutions. In this work, we first compared the effect of using different initial sets of points (experimental designs) in a sequential surrogate-based multiobjective optimization method. The optimization method is tested on five benchmark problems and the performance is quantified based on the total number of function evaluations and the quality of the final Pareto Front. Then an industrial applications on titanium welding is presented to show the use of the method. The case study is based on real experimental data.

    更新日期:2020-01-04
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