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  • Building navigation networks from multi-vessel trajectory data
    GeoInformatica (IF 1.774) Pub Date : 2020-08-07
    Iraklis Varlamis, Ioannis Kontopoulos, Konstantinos Tserpes, Mohammad Etemad, Amilcar Soares, Stan Matwin

    Building a rich and informative model from raw data is a hard but valuable process with many applications. Ship routing and scheduling are two essential operations in the maritime industry that can save a lot of resources if they are optimally designed, but still, need a lot of information to be successful. Past and recent works in the field assume the availability of information such as the birth

  • AP-GAN: Adversarial patch attack on content-based image retrieval systems
    GeoInformatica (IF 1.774) Pub Date : 2020-08-02
    Guoping Zhao, Mingyu Zhang, Jiajun Liu, Yaxian Li, Ji-Rong Wen

    Key Smart City applications such as traffic management and public security rely heavily on the intelligent processing of video and image data, often in the form of visual retrieval tasks, such as person Re-IDentification (ReID) and vehicle re-identification. For these tasks, Deep Neural Networks (DNNs) have been the dominant solution for the past decade, for their remarkable ability in learning discriminative

  • Dynamic top-k influence maximization in social networks
    GeoInformatica (IF 1.774) Pub Date : 2020-07-24
    Binbin Zhang, Hao Wang, Leong Hou U

    The problem of top-k influence maximization is to find the set of k users in a social network that can maximize the spread of influence under certain influence propagation model. This paper studies the influence maximization problem together with network dynamics. For example, given a real-life social network that evolves over time, we want to find k most influential users on everyday basis. This dynamic

  • Size constrained k simple polygons
    GeoInformatica (IF 1.774) Pub Date : 2020-07-14
    KwangSoo Yang, Kwang Woo Nam, Ahmad Qutbuddin, Aaron Reich, Valmer Huhn

    Given a geometric space and a set of weighted spatial points, the Size Constrained k Simple Polygons (SCkSP) problem identifies k simple polygons that maximize the total weights of the spatial points covered by the polygons and meet the polygon size constraint. The SCkSP problem is important for many societal applications including hotspot area detection and resource allocation. The problem is NP-hard;

  • An information fusion approach for conflating labeled point-based time-series data
    GeoInformatica (IF 1.774) Pub Date : 2020-07-07
    Zion Schell, Ashok Samal, Leen-Kiat Soh

    In geographic data analysis, it is often the case that multiple aspects of a single phenomenon are captured by different sources of data. For instance, a storm can be identified based on its precipitation, as well as windspeed, and changes in barometric pressure. It proves beneficial in specific domains to be able to use all available sources of data, and some method must be used to integrate all of

  • Cost estimation of spatial join in spatialhadoop
    GeoInformatica (IF 1.774) Pub Date : 2020-07-05
    A. Belussi, S. Migliorini, A. Eldawy

    Spatial join is an important operation in geo-spatial applications, since it is frequently used for performing data analysis involving geographical information. Many efforts have been done in the past decades in order to provide efficient algorithms for spatial join and this becomes particularly important as the amount of spatial data to be processed increases. In recent years, the MapReduce approach

  • JS4Geo: a canonical JSON Schema for geographic data suitable to NoSQL databases
    GeoInformatica (IF 1.774) Pub Date : 2020-06-27
    Angelo A. Frozza, Ronaldo dos S. Mello

    The large volume and variety of data produced in the current Big Data era lead companies to seek solutions for the efficient data management. Within this context, NoSQL databases rise as a better alternative to the traditional relational databases, mainly in terms of scalability and availability of data. A usual feature of NoSQL databases is to be schemaless, i.e., they do not impose a schema or have

  • A secure location-based alert system with tunable privacy-performance trade-off
    GeoInformatica (IF 1.774) Pub Date : 2020-06-16
    Gabriel Ghinita, Kien Nguyen, Mihai Maruseac, Cyrus Shahabi

    Monitoring location updates from mobile users has important applications in many areas, ranging from public health (e.g., COVID-19 contact tracing) and national security to social networks and advertising. However, sensitive information can be derived from movement patterns, thus protecting the privacy of mobile users is a major concern. Users may only be willing to disclose their locations when some

  • SWS: an unsupervised trajectory segmentation algorithm based on change detection with interpolation kernels
    GeoInformatica (IF 1.774) Pub Date : 2020-06-15
    Mohammad Etemad, Amilcar Soares, Elham Etemad, Jordan Rose, Luis Torgo, Stan Matwin

    Trajectory mining aims to provide fundamental insights into decision-making tasks related to moving objects. A fundamental pre-processing step for trajectory mining is trajectory segmentation, where a raw trajectory is divided into several meaningful consecutive sub-sequences. In this work, we propose an unsupervised trajectory segmentation algorithm, Sliding Window Segmentation (SWS), that processes

  • MongoDB Vs PostgreSQL: A comparative study on performance aspects
    GeoInformatica (IF 1.774) Pub Date : 2020-06-05
    Antonios Makris, Konstantinos Tserpes, Giannis Spiliopoulos, Dimitrios Zissis, Dimosthenis Anagnostopoulos

    Several modern day problems need to deal with large amounts of spatio-temporal data. As such, in order to meet the application requirements, more and more systems are adapting to the specificities of those data. The most prominent case is perhaps the data storage systems, that have developed a large number of functionalities to efficiently support spatio-temporal data operations. This work is motivated

  • A framework for evaluating 3D topological relations based on a vector data model
    GeoInformatica (IF 1.774) Pub Date : 2020-06-04
    Alberto Belussi, Sara Migliorini, Mauro Negri

    3D topological relations are commonly used for testing or imposing the existence of desired properties between objects of a dataset, such as a city model. Currently available GIS systems usually provide a limited 3D support which usually includes a set of 3D spatial data types together with few operations and predicates, while limited or no support is generally provided for 3D topological relations

  • SHAREK*: A Scalable Matching Method for Dynamic Ride Sharing
    GeoInformatica (IF 1.774) Pub Date : 2020-06-02
    Bin Cao, Chenyu Hou, Liwei Zhao, Louai Alarabi, Jing Fan, Mohamed F. Mokbel, Anas Basalamah

    Due to its significant economic and environmental impact, sharing the ride among a number of drivers (i.e., car pooling) has recently gained significant interest from industry and academia. Hence, a number of ride sharing services have appeared along with various algorithms on how to match a rider request to a driver who can provide the ride sharing service. However, existing techniques have several

  • Mitigating Spoofed GNSS Trajectories through Nature Inspired Algorithm
    GeoInformatica (IF 1.774) Pub Date : 2020-05-22
    Saravjeet Singh, Jaiteg Singh, Sukhjit Singh

    Advancement in technology has resulted in the easy sharing of locations across various stakeholders. Unprotected sharing of location information makes any Global Navigation Satellite System (GNSS) device vulnerable to spoofing attacks. Spoofed GNSS signals propagate misleading trajectories to cripple any Location-Based Service (LBS). This manuscript introduces a novel algorithm for the detection and

  • Affine-invariant querying of spatial data using a triangle-based logic
    GeoInformatica (IF 1.774) Pub Date : 2020-05-19
    Sofie Haesevoets, Bart Kuijpers, Peter Z. Revesz

    If the same land area is photographed from two different angles, then a computer can recognize the two images to show the same land area by proving that the images are affine-invariant. In practice, images are abstracted as a type of spatial data that is a finite set of triangles. Hence we propose a simple affine-generic query language with variables over finite sets of triangles. The proposed query

  • A novel spectral–spatial based adaptive minimum spanning forest for hyperspectral image classification
    GeoInformatica (IF 1.774) Pub Date : 2020-05-11
    Jing Lv, Huimin Zhang, Ming Yang, Wanqi Yang

    The classification methods based on minimum spanning forest (MSF) have yielded impressive results for hyperspectral image. However, previous methods exist several drawbacks, i.e., marker selection methods are easily affected by boundary noise pixels, dissimilarity measure methods between pixels are inaccurate, and also image segmentation process is not robust, since they have not effectively utilized

  • Road network simplification for location-based services
    GeoInformatica (IF 1.774) Pub Date : 2020-05-01
    Abdeltawab Hendawi, John A. Stankovic, Ayman Taha, Shaker El-Sappagh, Amr A. Ahmadain, Mohamed Ali

    Road-network data compression or simplification reduces the size of the network to occupy less storage with the aim to fit small form-factor routing devices, mobile devices, or embedded systems. Simplification (a) reduces the storage cost of memory and disks, and (b) reduces the I/O and communication overhead. There are several road network compression techniques proposed in the literature. These techniques

  • SST: Synchronized Spatial-Temporal Trajectory Similarity Search
    GeoInformatica (IF 1.774) Pub Date : 2020-04-28
    Peng Zhao, Weixiong Rao, Chengxi Zhang, Gong Su, Qi Zhang

    The volume of trajectory data has become tremendously large in recent years. How to effectively and efficiently search similar trajectories has become an important task. Firstly, to measure the similarity between a trajectory and a query, literature works compute spatial similarity and temporal similarity independently, and next sum the two weighted similarities. Thus, two trajectories with high spatial

  • A Framework for Group Converging Pattern Mining using Spatiotemporal Trajectories
    GeoInformatica (IF 1.774) Pub Date : 2020-04-25
    Bin Zhao, Xintao Liu, Jinping Jia, Genlin Ji, Shengxi Tan, Zhaoyuan Yu

    A group event such as human and traffic congestion can be very roughly divided into three stages: converging stage before congestion, gathered stage when congestion happens, and dispersing stage that congestion disappears. It is of great interest in modeling and identifying converging behaviors before gathered events actually happen, which helps to proactively predict and handle potential public incidents

  • Top- k spatial distance joins
    GeoInformatica (IF 1.774) Pub Date : 2020-02-12
    Shuyao Qi, Panagiotis Bouros, Nikos Mamoulis

    Top-k joins have been extensively studied when numerical valued attributes are joined on an equality predicate. Other types of join attributes and predicates have received little to no attention. In this paper, we consider spatial objects that are assigned a score (e.g., a ranking). Give two collections R, S of such objects and a spatial distance threshold 𝜖, we introduce the top-k spatial distance

  • Mining Boundary Effects in Areally Referenced Spatial Data Using the Bayesian Information Criterion.
    GeoInformatica (IF 1.774) Pub Date : 2011-06-07
    Pei Li,Sudipto Banerjee,Alexander M McBean

    Statistical models for areal data are primarily used for smoothing maps revealing spatial trends. Subsequent interest often resides in the formal identification of 'boundaries' on the map. Here boundaries refer to 'difference boundaries', representing significant differences between adjacent regions. Recently, Lu and Carlin (2004) discussed a Bayesian framework to carry out edge detection employing

  • Local trend discovery on real-time microblogs with uncertain locations in tight memory environments
    GeoInformatica (IF 1.774) Pub Date : 2019-09-10
    Abdulaziz Almaslukh, Amr Magdy, Ahmed M. Aly, Mohamed F. Mokbel, Sameh Elnikety, Yuxiong He, Suman Nath, Walid G. Aref

    This paper presents GeoTrend+; a system approach to support scalable local trend discovery on recent microblogs, e.g., tweets, comments, online reviews, and check-ins, that come in real time. GeoTrend+ discovers top-k trending keywords in arbitrary spatial regions from recent microblogs that continuously arrive with high rates and a significant portion has uncertain geolocations. GeoTrend+ distinguishes

  • Online flu epidemiological deep modeling on disease contact network
    GeoInformatica (IF 1.774) Pub Date : 2019-07-25
    Liang Zhao, Jiangzhuo Chen, Feng Chen, Fang Jin, Wei Wang, Chang-Tien Lu, Naren Ramakrishnan

    The surveillance and preventions of infectious disease epidemics such as influenza and Ebola are important and challenging issues. It is therefore crucial to characterize the disease progress and epidemics process efficiently and accurately. Computational epidemiology can model the progression of the disease and its underlying contact network, but as yet lacks the ability to process of real-time and

  • Behavior-based location recommendation on location-based social networks
    GeoInformatica (IF 1.774) Pub Date : 2019-05-25
    Seyyed Mohammadreza Rahimi, Behrouz Far, Xin Wang

    Location recommendation methods on location-based social networks (LBSN) discover the locational preference of users along with their spatial movement patterns from users’ check-ins and provide users with recommendations of unvisited places. The growing popularity of LBSNs and abundance of shared location information has made location recommendation an active research area in the recent years. However

  • Crosstown traffic - supervised prediction of impact of planned special events on urban traffic
    GeoInformatica (IF 1.774) Pub Date : 2019-05-21
    Nicolas Tempelmeier, Stefan Dietze, Elena Demidova

    Large-scale planned special events in cities including concerts, football games and fairs can significantly impact urban mobility. The lack of reliable models for understanding and predicting mobility needs during urban events causes issues for mobility service users, providers as well as urban planners. In this article, we tackle the problem of building reliable supervised models for predicting the

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