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  • Resilience as pathway diversity: linking systems, individual, and temporal perspectives on resilience
    Ecol. Soc. (IF 3.89) Pub Date : 2020-09-09
    Steven Lade; Brian Walker; L. Haider

    Approaches to understanding resilience from psychology and sociology emphasize individuals’ agency but obscure systemic factors. Approaches to understanding resilience stemming from ecology emphasize system dynamics such as feedbacks but obscure individuals. Approaches from both psychology and ecology examine the actions or attractors available in the present, but neglect how actions taken now can

  • Broadening the perspective on ocean privatizations: an interdisciplinary social science enquiry
    Ecol. Soc. (IF 3.89) Pub Date : 2020-09-09
    Achim Schlüter; Maarten Bavinck; Maria Hadjimichael; Stefan Partelow; Alicia Said; Irmak Ertör

    Privatization of the ocean, in the sense of defining more exclusive property rights, is taking place in increasingly diverse ways. Because of more intensive and diversified use patterns and increasing sustainability challenges, it is likely that this process will continue into the future. We argue that the nature of privatization varies from one oceanic domain to another. We differentiate four ideal-typical

  • Multilevel stakeholder networks for Australian marine biosecurity: well-structured for top-down information provision, requires better two-way communication
    Ecol. Soc. (IF 3.89) Pub Date : 2020-09-02
    Ryan McAllister; Heleen Kruger; Nyree Stenekes; Robert Garrard

    The structure of stakeholder networks impacts the ability for environmental governance to fulfil core functions: share information; agree on problem framing and actions; and resolve conflict. Managing pest and disease incursions presents particular challenges. Rapid coordination of action is needed in times of crisis, but any hope of success during crisis requires a foundation of ongoing communication

  • Analyzing procedural equity in government-led community-based forest management
    Ecol. Soc. (IF 3.89) Pub Date : 2020-08-31
    Rachel Friedman; Jonathan Rhodes; Angela Dean; Elizabeth Law; Truly Santika; Sugeng Budiharta; Joseph Hutabarat; Tito Indrawan; Ahmad Kusworo; Erik Meijaard; Freya St. John; Matthew Struebig; Kerrie Wilson

    Participatory approaches to forest management have been promoted as a means of returning rights historically removed, and as a way of managing natural resources sustainably, fairly, and to improve livelihoods in communities. Top-down models of community-based forest management take the perspective that if people feel ownership over, have a voice in decisions about, and can benefit from surrounding

  • Flooding and land use change in Jambi Province, Sumatra: integrating local knowledge and scientific inquiry
    Ecol. Soc. (IF 3.89) Pub Date : 2020-08-26
    Jennifer Merten; Christian Stiegler; Nina Hennings; Edwine Purnama; Alexander Röll; Herdhata Agusta; Michaela Dippold; Lutz Fehrmann; Dodo Gunawan; Dirk Hölscher; Alexander Knohl; Johanna Kückes; Fenna Otten; Delphine Zemp; Heiko Faust

    The rapid expansion of rubber and oil palm plantations in Jambi Province, Sumatra, Indonesia, is associated with large-scale deforestation and the impairment of many ecosystem services. According to villagers’ observations, this land use change has, together with climate change, led to an increase in the magnitude and frequency of river flood events, which constrain village and plantation development

  • Impact through participatory research approaches: an archetype analysis
    Ecol. Soc. (IF 3.89) Pub Date : 2020-08-26
    Theresa Tribaldos; Christoph Oberlack; Flurina Schneider

    Participatory research approaches are often assumed to be effective for addressing sustainability problems that involve a substantial amount of complexity, uncertainty, and conflicting values. The adaptive and integrative character of these approaches engages various scientific and nonscientific actors in collective knowledge production processes. An increasing number of case studies documents pathways

  • Developing a sustainability science approach for water systems
    Ecol. Soc. (IF 3.89) Pub Date : 2020-06-24
    Christa Brelsford; Marion Dumas; Edella Schlager; Brian Dermody; Michael Aiuvalasit; Melissa Allen-Dumas; Janice Beecher; Udit Bhatia; Paolo D'Odorico; Margaret Garcia; Patricia Gober; David Groenfeldt; Steve Lansing; Kaveh Madani; Linda Estelí Méndez-Barrientos; Elena Mondino; Marc Müller; Frances O'Donnell; Patrick Owuor; James Rising; Matthew Sanderson; Felipe Souza; Samuel Zipper

    We convened a workshop to enable scientists who study water systems from both social science and physical science perspectives to develop a shared language. This shared language is necessary to bridge a divide between these disciplines’ different conceptual frameworks. As a result of this workshop, we argue that we should view socio-hydrological systems as structurally co-constituted of social, engineered

  • Using a social-ecological system approach to enhance understanding of structural interconnectivities within the beekeeping industry for sustainable decision making
    Ecol. Soc. (IF 3.89) Pub Date : 2020-06-24
    Vidushi Patel; Eloise Biggs; Natasha Pauli; Bryan Boruff

    The social-ecological system framework (SESF) is a comprehensive, multitiered conceptual framework often used to understand human-environment interactions and outcomes. This research employs the SESF to understand key interactions within the bee-human system (beekeeping) through an applied case study of migratory beekeeping in Western Australia (WA). Apiarists in WA migrate their hives pursuing concurrent

  • Using social network analysis to assess the Pontocaspian biodiversity conservation capacity in Ukraine
    Ecol. Soc. (IF 3.89) Pub Date : 2020-06-25
    Aleksandre Gogaladze; Frank Wesselingh; Koos Biesmeijer; Vitaliy Anistratenko; Natalia Gozak; Mikhail Son; Niels Raes

    Social networks, defined as sets of relationships between stakeholder organizations, are important determinants of constructive actions for biodiversity conservation. Such actions are achieved through cooperation between various stakeholders, exchange of information, and joint planning and implementation. We used a mix of qualitative and quantitative social network analysis methods to investigate the

  • Ecomimicry in Indigenous resource management: optimizing ecosystem services to achieve resource abundance, with examples from Hawaiʻi
    Ecol. Soc. (IF 3.89) Pub Date : 2020-06-27
    Kawika Winter; Noa Lincoln; Fikret Berkes; Rosanna Alegado; Natalie Kurashima; Kiana Frank; Puaʻala Pascua; Yoshimi Rii; Frederick Reppun; Ingrid Knapp; Will McClatchey; Tamara Ticktin; Celia Smith; Erik Franklin; Kirsten Oleson; Melissa Price; Margaret McManus; Megan Donahue; Kuulei Rodgers; Brian Bowen; Craig Nelson; Bill Thomas; Jo-Ann Leong; Elizabeth Madin; Malia Ana Rivera; Kim Falinski; Leah

    Here, we expand on the term “ecomimicry” to be an umbrella concept for an approach to adaptive ecosystem-based management of social-ecological systems that simultaneously optimizes multiple ecosystem services for the benefit of people and place. In this context, we define ecomimicry as a strategy for developing and managing cultural landscapes, built upon a deep understanding of the structure and function

  • Nurturing resilient forest biodiversity: nest webs as complex adaptive systems
    Ecol. Soc. (IF 3.89) Pub Date : 2020-06-30
    José Tomás Ibarra; Kristina Cockle; Tomás Altamirano; Yntze van der Hoek; Suzanne Simard; Cristián Bonacic; Kathy Martin

    Forests are complex adaptive systems in which properties at higher levels emerge from localized networks of many entities interacting at lower levels, allowing the development of multiple ecological pathways and processes. Cavity-nesters exist within networks known as “nest webs” that link trees, excavators, e.g. woodpeckers, and nonexcavators (many songbirds, ducks, raptors, and other organisms) at

  • Comparing social representations of the landscape: a methodology
    Ecol. Soc. (IF 3.89) Pub Date : 2020-06-30
    Carole Vuillot; Raphael Mathevet; Clélia Sirami

    Social representations (SRs) are systems of values, ideas, and practices that characterize individuals’ and social groups’ relationships to both their social and natural environment. Comparing SRs between places, social groups, and through time is critical to understanding how social-ecological systems (SESs) and their diverse uses are perceived, interpreted, and understood. This knowledge needs to

  • Homosocial stewardship: the opposed and unpaid care work of women water stewards in West Virginia, USA
    Ecol. Soc. (IF 3.89) Pub Date : 2020-06-30
    Martina Angela Caretta

    The identity of people living in Central Appalachia is tightly connected with water. Because of the threats to water resources due to coal mining, and most recently, hydraulic fracturing and oil and gas pipeline projects, citizens have formed several nonprofit organizations to preserve or restore rivers and watersheds. Notably, women head the biggest, state-wide, most active and visible of these organizations

  • An expert-based reference list of variables for characterizing and monitoring social-ecological systems
    Ecol. Soc. (IF 3.89) Pub Date : 2020-07-20
    Manuel Pacheco-Romero; Domingo Alcaraz-Segura; María Vallejos; Javier Cabello

    The social-ecological system (SES) approach is fundamental for addressing global change challenges and to developing sustainability science. Over the last two decades, much progress has been made in translating this approach from theory to practice, although the knowledge generated is still sparse and difficult to compare. To better understand how SESs function across time, space, and scales, coordinated

  • Examining the relevance of cultural ecosystem services in forest management in Europe
    Ecol. Soc. (IF 3.89) Pub Date : 2020-07-20
    Mario Torralba; Marko Lovrić; Jeanne-Lazya Roux; Marie-Alice Budniok; Anne-Sophie Mulier; Georg Winkel; Tobias Plieninger

    The ecosystem services framework has become one of the most important paradigms in forest planning and management as a way to link the multiple provisioning, regulating, and cultural services derived from ecosystems and their benefits to human well-being. Recently, there have been multiple efforts in emphasizing the importance of cultural ecosystem services (CES). However, the consideration of CES

  • The influence of landscape change on multiple dimensions of human–nature connectedness
    Ecol. Soc. (IF 3.89) Pub Date : 2020-07-20
    Maraja Riechers; Ágnes Balázsi; David Abson; Joern Fischer

    Human–nature connectedness is hailed as a potential remedy for the current sustainability crisis, yet it is also deeply affected by it. Here, we perform a comprehensive assessment of human–nature connectedness that includes material, experiential, cognitive, emotional, and philosophical dimensions. We show that these dimensions of human–nature connectedness are strongly interlinked, especially via

  • Sustainability, resilience, adaptation, and transformation: tensions and plural approaches
    Ecol. Soc. (IF 3.89) Pub Date : 2020-07-21
    Laura Zanotti; Zhao Ma; Jennifer Johnson; David Johnson; David J. Yu; Morey Burnham; Courtney Carothers

    This article focuses on the debates among resilience, sustainability, adaptation, and transformation concepts. The conceptualization and application of sustainability and resilience thinking in the human-environmental interactions, social-ecological systems, and global environmental change literature remain dominant, which provide a common interdisciplinary and policy language where research in socio-environmental

  • Aligning conservation and development goals with rural community priorities: capacity building for forest health monitoring in an extractive reserve in Brazil
    Ecol. Soc. (IF 3.89) Pub Date : 2020-07-22
    Sabina Ribeiro; N. Galia Selaya; Stephen Perz; Foster Brown; Fernando Schmidt; Richarlly Silva; Fiama Lima

    Rural communities are important stewards of forests that provide valuable ecological services. This makes them vital allies to outside organizations seeking to support conservation and development initiatives. However, rural communities also have priorities and needs that may not align with the goals of conservation and development projects. This makes effective engagement of communities by outside

  • A systematic review of participatory scenario planning to envision mountain social-ecological systems futures
    Ecol. Soc. (IF 3.89) Pub Date : 2020-07-22
    Jessica Thorn; Julia Klein; Cara Steger; Kelly Hopping; Claudia Capitani; Catherine Tucker; Anne Nolin; Robin Reid; Roman Seidl; Vishwas Chitale; Robert Marchant

    Mountain social-ecological systems (MtSES) provide crucial ecosystem services to over half of humanity. However, populations living in these highly varied regions are now confronted by global change. It is critical that they are able to anticipate change to strategically manage resources and avoid potential conflict. Yet, planning for sustainable, equitable transitions for the future is a daunting

  • Understanding the context of multifaceted collaborations for social-ecological sustainability: a methodology for cross-case analysis
    Ecol. Soc. (IF 3.89) Pub Date : 2020-07-29
    Jessica Cockburn; Michael Schoon; Georgina Cundill; Cathy Robinson; Jaime Aburto; Steven Alexander; Jacopo Baggio; Cecile Barnaud; Mollie Chapman; Marina Garcia Llorente; Gustavo García-López; Rosemary Hill; Chinwe Ifejika Speranza; Jean Lee; Chanda Meek; Eureta Rosenberg; Lisen Schultz; Gladman Thondhlana

    There are limited approaches available that enable researchers and practitioners to conduct multiple case study comparisons of complex cases of collaboration in natural resource management and conservation. The absence of such tools is felt despite the fact that over the past several years a great deal of literature has reviewed the state of the science regarding collaboration. Much of this work is

  • Social-ecological resilience through a biocultural lens: a participatory methodology to support global targets and local priorities
    Ecol. Soc. (IF 3.89) Pub Date : 2020-07-29
    Michael Ungar; Jennifer McRuer; Xiaohui Liu; Linda Theron; Daniel Blais; Matthew Schnurr

    More research is needed to properly represent social-ecological system (SES) interactions that support the integrity of biological and cultural, i.e., biocultural, relationships in places experiencing environmental, economic, and social change. In this paper we offer a novel methodology to address this need through the development of place-based indicators and engagement of young people as coresearchers

  • Building adaptive capacity in a coastal region experiencing global change
    Ecol. Soc. (IF 3.89) Pub Date : 2020-08-10
    Fred Johnson; Mitchell Eaton; Jessica Mikels-Carrasco; David Case

    Coastal ecosystems in the eastern U.S. have been severely altered by human development, and climate change and other stressors are now further degrading the capacity of those ecological and social systems to remain resilient in the face of such disturbances. We sought to identify potential ways in which local conservation interests in the Lowcountry of South Carolina (USA) could participate in a social

  • Deforestation and economic growth trends on oceanic islands highlight the need for meso-scale analysis and improved mid-range theory in conservation
    Ecol. Soc. (IF 3.89) Pub Date : 2020-08-13
    Nitin Bhatia; Graeme Cumming

    Forests both support biodiversity and provide a wide range of benefits to people at multiple scales. Global and national remote sensing analyses of drivers of forest change generally focus on broad-scale influences on area (composition), ignoring arrangement (configuration). To explore meso-scale relationships, we compared forest composition and configuration to six indicators of economic growth over

  • The promise and reality of social and cultural metrics
    Ecol. Soc. (IF 3.89) Pub Date : 2020-08-13
    Douglas Bessette; Robin Gregory

    In addition to evaluating the economic, ecological, and health impacts of major public policy initiatives, impact assessments typically also need to identify and evaluate an action’s social and cultural (S/C) impacts. A wide range of S/C metrics have been suggested, and guidelines exist to help ensure their thoughtful and comprehensive development. Nevertheless, many of the S/C concerns identified

  • Do farmers and conservationists perceive landscape changes differently?
    Ecol. Soc. (IF 3.89) Pub Date : 2020-08-14
    Noémi Ujházy; Zsolt Molnár; Ákos Bede-Fazekas; † Mária Ottilia Szabó; Marianna Biró

    Broader understanding of stakeholders’ perceptions of landscape changes is needed to cope with global environmental challenges locally. In this study, farmers’ and conservationists’-researchers’ perceptions of landscape changes were compared by analyzing interviews conducted in the Danube-Tisza Interfluve region of Hungary through a combined quantitative and qualitative approach. Perceptions concerning

  • Assessing range-wide “contribution to recovery” by multiple local governments for a threatened species
    Ecol. Soc. (IF 3.89) Pub Date : 2020-08-17
    Steven Greco

    To recover a threatened or endangered species, numerous local government jurisdictions are usually involved in habitat mitigation and conservation planning actions for evaluating impacts to habitat. In the USA local governments make official land use decisions. A social-ecological case study of multiple counties is presented tabulating the relative “contribution to recovery” by each county for giant

  • Coerced regimes: management challenges in the Anthropocene.
    Ecol. Soc. (IF 3.89) Pub Date : 2020-01-01
    David G Angeler,Brian C Chaffin,Shana M Sundstrom,Ahjond Garmestani,Kevin L Pope,Daniel R Uden,Dirac Twidwell,Craig R Allen

    Management frequently creates system conditions that poorly mimic the conditions of a desirable self-organizing regime. Such management is ubiquitous across complex systems of people and nature and will likely intensify as these systems face rapid change. However, it is highly uncertain whether the costs (unintended consequences, including negative side effects) of management but also social dynamics

  • Balancing stability and flexibility in adaptive governance: an analysis of tools available in U.S. environmental law.
    Ecol. Soc. (IF 3.89) Pub Date : 2018-05-22
    Robin Kundis Craig,Ahjond S Garmestani,Craig R Allen,Craig Anthony Tony Arnold,Hannah Birgé,Daniel A DeCaro,Alexander K Fremier,Hannah Gosnell,Edella Schlager

    Adaptive governance must work "on the ground," that is, it must operate through structures and procedures that the people it governs perceive to be legitimate and fair, as well as incorporating processes and substantive goals that are effective in allowing social-ecological systems (SESs) to adapt to climate change and other impacts. To address the continuing and accelerating alterations that climate

  • A quantitative framework for assessing ecological resilience.
    Ecol. Soc. (IF 3.89) Pub Date : 2018-01-16
    Didier L Baho,Craig R Allen,Ahjond S Garmestani,Hannah B Fried-Petersen,Sophia E Renes,Lance H Gunderson,David G Angeler

    Quantitative approaches to measure and assess resilience are needed to bridge gaps between science, policy and management. In this paper, we revisit definitions of resilience and suggest a quantitative framework for assessing ecological resilience sensu Holling (1973). Ecological resilience as an emergent ecosystem phenomenon can be decomposed into complementary attributes (scales, adaptive capacity

  • The pleasure of pursuit: recreational hunters in rural Southwest China exhibit low exit rates in response to declining catch.
    Ecol. Soc. (IF 3.89) Pub Date : 2017-12-19
    Charlotte H Chang,Michele L Barnes,Margaret Frye,Mingxia Zhang,Rui-Chang Quan,Leah M G Reisman,Simon A Levin,David S Wilcove

    Hunting is one of the greatest threats to tropical vertebrates. Examining why people hunt is crucial to identifying policy levers to prevent excessive hunting. Overhunting is particularly relevant in Southeast Asia, where a high proportion of mammals and birds are globally threatened. We interviewed hunters in Southwest China to examine their social behavior, motivations, and responses to changes in

  • Legal and institutional foundations of adaptive environmental governance.
    Ecol. Soc. (IF 3.89) Pub Date : 2017-03-17
    Daniel A DeCaro,Brian C Chaffin,Edella Schlager,Ahjond S Garmestani,J B Ruhl

    Legal and institutional structures fundamentally shape opportunities for adaptive governance of environmental resources at multiple ecological and societal scales. Properties of adaptive governance are widely studied. However, these studies have not resulted in consolidated frameworks for legal and institutional design, limiting our ability to promote adaptation and social-ecological resilience. We

  • Regime shifts and panarchies in regional scale social-ecological water systems.
    Ecol. Soc. (IF 3.89) Pub Date : 2017-03-17
    Lance Gunderson,Barbara A Cosens,Brian C Chaffin,Craig A Tom Arnold,Alexander K Fremier,Ahjond S Garmestani,Robin Kundis Craig,Hannah Gosnell,Hannah E Birge,Craig R Allen,Melinda H Benson,Ryan R Morrison,Mark C Stone,Joseph A Hamm,Kristine Nemec,Edella Schlager,Dagmar Llewellyn

    In this article we summarize histories of nonlinear, complex interactions among societal, legal, and ecosystem dynamics in six North American water basins, as they respond to changing climate. These case studies were chosen to explore the conditions for emergence of adaptive governance in heavily regulated and developed social-ecological systems nested within a hierarchical governmental system. We

  • The role of law in adaptive governance.
    Ecol. Soc. (IF 3.89) Pub Date : 2017-03-01
    Barbara A Cosens,Robin K Craig,Shana Lee Hirsch,Craig Anthony Tony Arnold,Melinda H Benson,Daniel A DeCaro,Ahjond S Garmestani,Hannah Gosnell,J B Ruhl,Edella Schlager

    The term "governance" encompasses both governmental and nongovernmental participation in collective choice and action. Law dictates the structure, boundaries, rules, and processes within which governmental action takes place, and in doing so becomes one of the focal points for analysis of barriers to adaptation as the effects of climate change are felt. Adaptive governance must therefore contemplate

  • Understanding and applying principles of social cognition and decision making in adaptive environmental governance.
    Ecol. Soc. (IF 3.89) Pub Date : 2017-03-01
    Daniel A DeCaro,Craig Anthony Tony Arnol,Emmanuel Frimpong Boama,Ahjond S Garmestani

    Environmental governance systems are under greater pressure to adapt and to cope with increased social and ecological uncertainty from stressors like climate change. We review principles of social cognition and decision making that shape and constrain how environmental governance systems adapt. We focus primarily on the interplay between key decision makers in society and legal systems. We argue that

  • Rivers and streams in the media: a content analysis of ecosystem services.
    Ecol. Soc. (IF 3.89) Pub Date : 2017-01-01
    Matthew A Weber,Shannon Caplan,Paul Ringold,Karen Blocksom

    Although ecosystem services research has become common, few efforts are directed toward in-depth understanding of the specific ecological quantities people value. The theoretical framework of final ecosystem services focuses attention on such measurable attributes, as a common currency for social-ecological systems research. Environmental communications as well as ecological monitoring and analysis

  • Multilevel processes and cultural adaptation: Examples from past and present small-scale societies.
    Ecol. Soc. (IF 3.89) Pub Date : 2016-10-25
    V Reyes-García,A L Balbo,E Gomez-Baggethun,M Gueze,A Mesoudi,P Richerson,X Rubio-Campillo,I Ruiz-Mallén,S Shennan

    Cultural adaptation has become central in the context of accelerated global change with authors increasingly acknowledging the importance of understanding multilevel processes that operate as adaptation takes place. We explore the importance of multilevel processes in explaining cultural adaptation by describing how processes leading to cultural (mis)adaptation are linked through a complex nested hierarchy

  • Global environmental change: local perceptions, understandings, and explanations.
    Ecol. Soc. (IF 3.89) Pub Date : 2016-10-04
    Aili Pyhälä,Álvaro Fernández-Llamazares,Hertta Lehvävirta,Anja Byg,Isabel Ruiz-Mallén,Matthieu Salpeteur,Thomas F Thornton

    Global environmental change (GEC) is an increasingly discussed phenomenon in the scientific literature as evidence of its presence and impacts continues to grow. Yet, while the documentation of GEC is becoming more readily available, local perceptions of GEC- particularly in small-scale societies-and preferences about how to deal with it, are still largely overlooked. Local knowledge and perceptions

  • Social organization influences the exchange and species richness of medicinal plants in Amazonian homegardens.
    Ecol. Soc. (IF 3.89) Pub Date : 2016-09-27

    Medicinal plants provide indigenous and peasant communities worldwide with means to meet their healthcare needs. Homegardens often act as medicine cabinets, providing easily accessible medicinal plants for household needs. Social structure and social exchanges have been proposed as factors influencing the species diversity that people maintain in their homegardens. Here, we assess the association between

  • Local perceptions as a guide for the sustainable management of natural resources: empirical evidence from a small-scale society in Bolivian Amazonia.
    Ecol. Soc. (IF 3.89) Pub Date : 2016-09-24
    Álvaro Fernández-Llamazares,Isabel Díaz-Reviriego,Maximilien Guèze,Mar Cabeza,Aili Pyhälä,Victoria Reyes-García

    Research on natural resource management suggests that local perceptions form the basis upon which many small-scale societies monitor availability and change in the stock of common-pool natural resources. In contrast, this literature debates whether local perceptions can be effective in guiding the sustainable management of natural resources. With empirical evidence on this matter still highly limited

  • Traditional Ecological Knowledge and Global Environmental Change: Research findings and policy implications.
    Ecol. Soc. (IF 3.89) Pub Date : 2013-12-01
    Erik Gómez-Baggethun,Esteve Corbera,Victoria Reyes-García

    This paper introduces the special feature of Ecology and Society entitled "Traditional Ecological Knowledge and Global Environmental Change. The special feature addresses two main research themes. The first theme concerns the resilience of Traditional Ecological Knowledge (hereafter TEK) and the conditions that might explain its loss or persistence in the face of global change. The second theme relates

  • Education, Vulnerability, and Resilience after a Natural Disaster.
    Ecol. Soc. (IF 3.89) Pub Date : 2013-01-01
    Elizabeth Frankenberg,Bondan Sikoki,Cecep Sumantri,Wayan Suriastini,Duncan Thomas

    The extent to which education provides protection in the face of a large-scale natural disaster is investigated. Using longitudinal population-representative survey data collected in two provinces on the island of Sumatra, Indonesia, before and after the 2004 Indian Ocean tsunami, we examine changes in a broad array of indicators of well-being of adults. Focusing on adults who were living, before the

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