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  • Diverse perspectives of cat owners indicate barriers to and opportunities for managing cat predation of wildlife
    Front. Ecol. Environ. (IF 9.295) Pub Date : 2020-09-03
    Sarah L Crowley; Martina Cecchetti; Robbie A McDonald

    Policy proposals to address predation of wildlife by domestic cats (Felis catus) include reducing cat populations, regulating ownership, educating owners, and restricting cats’ outdoor access. Such proposals rarely account for cat owners’ perspectives, however, and are frequently met with strong, principled opposition. We conducted a Q‐methodological study to investigate the views of domestic cat owners

    更新日期:2020-09-03
  • The living dead: acknowledging life after tree death to stop forest degradation
    Front. Ecol. Environ. (IF 9.295) Pub Date : 2020-09-03
    Simon Thorn; Sebastian Seibold; Alexandro B Leverkus; Thomas Michler; Jörg Müller; Reed F Noss; Nigel Stork; Sebastian Vogel; David B Lindenmayer

    Global sustainability agendas focus primarily on halting deforestation, yet the biodiversity crisis resulting from the degradation of remaining forests is going largely unnoticed. Forest degradation occurs through the loss of key ecological structures, such as dying trees and deadwood, even in the absence of deforestation. One of the main drivers of forest degradation is limited awareness by policy

    更新日期:2020-09-03
  • Persist in place or shift in space? Evaluating the adaptive capacity of species to climate change
    Front. Ecol. Environ. (IF 9.295) Pub Date : 2020-09-01
    Lindsey L Thurman; Bruce A Stein; Erik A Beever; Wendy Foden; Sonya R Geange; Nancy Green; John E Gross; David J Lawrence; Olivia LeDee; Julian D Olden; Laura M Thompson; Bruce E Young

    Assessing the vulnerability of species to climate change serves as the basis for climate‐adaptation planning and climate‐smart conservation, and typically involves an evaluation of exposure, sensitivity, and adaptive capacity (AC). AC is a species’ ability to cope with or adjust to changing climatic conditions, and is the least understood and most inconsistently applied of these three factors. We propose

    更新日期:2020-09-01
  • Novel resources: opportunities for and risks to species conservation
    Front. Ecol. Environ. (IF 9.295) Pub Date : 2020-09-01
    Leonie E Valentine; Cristina E Ramalho; Luis Mata; Michael D Craig; Patricia L Kennedy; Richard J Hobbs

    During the Anthropocene, ongoing rapid environmental changes are exposing many species to novel resources. However, scientists’ understanding of what novel resources are and how they impact species is still rudimentary. Here, we used a resource‐based approach to explore novel resources. First, we conceptualized novel resource use by species along two dimensions of novelty: namely, ecosystem novelty

    更新日期:2020-09-01
  • Using Collective Impact to overcome systemic racism
    Front. Ecol. Environ. (IF 9.295) Pub Date : 2020-09-01
    Teresa Mourad; George Middendorf

    The murder of George Floyd on May 25, 2020, symbolizes the long history and impact of systemic racism and suffocation of minority communities, particularly the Black community, in the US. Systemic issues force these communities to contend with a vast array of obstacles: access to schools (including higher education), healthcare, affordable housing, livable income, jobs and career opportunities, security

    更新日期:2020-09-01
  • Dispatches
    Front. Ecol. Environ. (IF 9.295) Pub Date : 2020-09-01

    Tiny tech could enable wildlife monitoring in miniature Meghan Miner Murray Seeing the world from a large insect's point of view is now possible, thanks to emerging technology from the University of Washington (Sci Robotics 2020; doi.org/10.1126/scirobotics.abb0839). There, engineers tackled the challenge of creating a fully functional wireless camera that, at roughly half the weight of a paperclip

    更新日期:2020-09-01
  • Jazz cats
    Front. Ecol. Environ. (IF 9.295) Pub Date : 2020-09-01
    Adrian Burton

    My cat Mati shows complete indifference towards jazz. It doesn't matter what kind of jazz. Trad, jazz funk, fusion, bebop, mainstream, cool, Latin, smooth – you name it – it makes no difference. Since jazz makes up 99% of the music listened to chez nous, I haven't checked her reactions to other genres, though I fear poor Mati just can't appreciate music. But are all animals musically sterile (Figure 1)

    更新日期:2020-09-01
  • One Health and the COVID-19 pandemic.
    Front. Ecol. Environ. (IF 9.295) Pub Date : 2020-08-03
    Dan Salkeld

    At the beginning of the spring 2020 semester, in the latest iteration of my Ecology of Infectious Disease class, I explained the relatively frequent phenomenon known as “zoonotic spillover” – when a pathogen jumps from an animal host species into a human population. Throughout each semester's class we habitually follow the emergence of a zoonosis. In recent years, we have monitored swine flu, MERS

    更新日期:2020-08-03
  • Dispatches
    Front. Ecol. Environ. (IF 9.295) Pub Date : 2020-08-03

    Fence fix mends Mongolian mammal migrations Adrian Burton They were a few small steps for an Asiatic wild ass (Equus hemionus hemionus ), but the first the subspecies had taken into Mongolia's Eastern Steppe for 65 years. Thousands of Mongolian gazelles (Procapra gutturosa ) and goitered gazelles (Gazella subgutturosa ) would do the same. Pictures just released of events in March 2020 reveal that lands

    更新日期:2020-08-03
  • Seabirds blinded by ticks
    Front. Ecol. Environ. (IF 9.295) Pub Date : 2020-08-03
    Amandine Gamble; Henri Weimerskirch; Thierry Boulinier

    In December 2017, on Possession Island (part of the Crozet Archipelago in the southern Indian Ocean), we observed two breeding white‐chinned petrels (Procellaria aequinoctialis ) with very high levels of tick (Ixodes kerguelenensis ) infestation on both eyes. This degree of infestation was likely responsible for the birds’ death. Although this rare observation may seem anecdotal, it reveals that ticks

    更新日期:2020-08-03
  • Mysterious beetle and butterfly aggregation
    Front. Ecol. Environ. (IF 9.295) Pub Date : 2020-08-03
    Rassim Khelifa; Rabah Zebsa; Hayat Mahdjoub

    During fieldwork near Lake Bleu, in the El Kala region of northeastern Algeria, we encountered an unfamiliar interaction between the speckled rose chafer beetle (Protaetia morio ) and the two‐tailed pasha butterfly (Charaxes jasius ). Both species are common in the Mediterranean. Groups of around six to eight beetles were aggregating on branch crotches of a strawberry tree (Arbutus unedo ). These groups

    更新日期:2020-08-03
  • Predation front on an environmental gradient
    Front. Ecol. Environ. (IF 9.295) Pub Date : 2020-08-03
    Ricardo A Scrosati

    This picture shows a predation front of dogwhelks (Nucella lapillus ) moving from middle to high intertidal elevations as they consume their prey, barnacles (Semibalanus balanoides ). On this coast in Atlantic Canada, millions of barnacle recruits appear on the intertidal substrate every spring. Dogwhelks soon begin to feed on the recruits, especially as barnacles exhibit active growth in summer. Dogwhelk

    更新日期:2020-08-03
  • The bellbird's horn
    Front. Ecol. Environ. (IF 9.295) Pub Date : 2020-08-03
    Adrian Burton

    “An artist's impression is the representation of an object or a scene created by an artist, when no other accurate representation is available”, says Wikipedia's rather good definition, “[and can take the form] of an image, a sound, a video or a model”. We still rely on the scientifically guided imagination of artists to inspire us with scenes from prehistory, or to show us the view from distant moons

    更新日期:2020-08-03
  • COVID-19 crisis demonstrates the urgent need for urban greenspaces.
    Front. Ecol. Environ. (IF 9.295) Pub Date : 2020-08-03
    Fritz Kleinschroth,Ingo Kowarik

    更新日期:2020-08-03
  • LED flashlight technology facilitates wild meat extraction across the tropics
    Front. Ecol. Environ. (IF 9.295) Pub Date : 2020-07-29
    Mark Bowler; Christopher Beirne; Mathias W Tobler; Matt Anderson; Anna DiPaola; John E Fa; Michael P Gilmore; Lisley P Lemos; Pedro Mayor; Amelia Meier; Guillaume Menie Menie; Diana Meza; Delia Moreno‐Gutierrez; John R Poulsen; Anamélia de Souza Jesus; João Valsecchi; Hani R El Bizri

    Hunting for wild meat in the tropics provides subsistence and income for millions of people. Methods have remained relatively unchanged since the introduction of shotguns and battery‐powered incandescent flashlights, but the short battery life of such flashlights has limited nocturnal hunting. However, hunters in many countries throughout the tropics have recently begun to switch to brighter and more

    更新日期:2020-07-29
  • A comparative analysis of dynamic management in marine and terrestrial systems
    Front. Ecol. Environ. (IF 9.295) Pub Date : 2020-07-27
    William K Oestreich; Melissa S Chapman; Larry B Crowder

    Protection of highly mobile species and shifting habitats is a practical challenge for conservation in both marine and terrestrial systems, particularly in light of the acceleration of land‐use change and climate‐driven range shifts. Static protected areas have long been a keystone of conservation but are generally insufficient for such species and habitats. Spatially and temporally dynamic management

    更新日期:2020-07-27
  • Temperate biocrusts: mesic counterparts to their better‐known dryland cousins
    Front. Ecol. Environ. (IF 9.295) Pub Date : 2020-07-27
    Jeffrey D Corbin; Rachel K Thiet

    Biological soil crusts (biocrusts) are known to serve crucial functions in many arid and semiarid habitats, but less is understood about biocrusts in temperate biomes, where they are often widespread and can play important roles in aboveground and belowground processes. Because the distinctive conditions that support biocrusts in temperate biomes – sandy, acidic, and/or nutrient‐poor soils or exposed

    更新日期:2020-07-27
  • How many sea scallops are there and why does it matter?
    Front. Ecol. Environ. (IF 9.295) Pub Date : 2020-07-27
    Kevin DE Stokesbury; N David Bethoney

    Oceanic conditions along the Atlantic Coast of North America are changing rapidly. Surface water temperatures in the Gulf of Maine have increased faster than 99% of the global oceans, and major infrastructure projects, including the largest windfarm in the world, are under development along this seaboard. In Canada and the US , the Atlantic sea scallop (Placopecten magellanicus ) supports lucrative

    更新日期:2020-07-27
  • Harnessing the collective intelligence of stakeholders for conservation
    Front. Ecol. Environ. (IF 9.295) Pub Date : 2020-06-30
    Steven Gray; Payam Aminpour; Caitie Reza; Steven Scyphers; Jonathan Grabowski; Robert Murphy; Alison Singer; David Baltaxe; Rebecca Jordan; Antonie Jetter; Joshua Introne

    Incorporating relevant stakeholder input into conservation decision making is fundamentally challenging yet critical for understanding both the status of, and human pressures on, natural resources. Collective intelligence (CI ), defined as the ability of a group to accomplish difficult tasks more effectively than individuals, is a growing area of investigation, with implications for improving ecological

    更新日期:2020-06-30
  • Expanding wetland hydroperiod data via satellite imagery for ecological applications
    Front. Ecol. Environ. (IF 9.295) Pub Date : 2020-06-30
    Amanda M Kissel; Meghan Halabisky; Rick D Scherer; Maureen E Ryan; Eric C Hansen

    Wetland ecosystems are highly biodiverse, essential to human health and well‐being, and in decline, yet knowledge of the natural dynamics and distributions of wetland systems is lacking globally, hindering conservation efforts. We integrated data generated from novel remote‐sensing techniques and Bayesian hierarchical modeling to estimate the daily surface area of 149 wetlands (vernal pools) over a

    更新日期:2020-06-30
  • Roadkill risk and population vulnerability in European birds and mammals
    Front. Ecol. Environ. (IF 9.295) Pub Date : 2020-06-08
    Clara Grilo, Elena Koroleva, Richard Andrášik, Michal Bíl, Manuela González‐Suárez

    Roads represent a threat to biodiversity, primarily through increased mortality from collisions with vehicles. Although estimating roadkill rates is an important first step, how roads affect long‐term population persistence must also be assessed. We developed a trait‐based model to predict roadkill rates for terrestrial bird and mammalian species in Europe and used a generalized population model to

    更新日期:2020-06-08
  • Conservation implications of disease control
    Front. Ecol. Environ. (IF 9.295) Pub Date : 2020-06-08
    Julia C Buck, Sara B Weinstein, Georgia Titcomb, Hillary S Young

    Infectious diseases have indelibly altered human history and, in doing so, have shaped the ecology and conservation of the natural world. Attempts to control diseases often result in adverse environmental impacts, including habitat degradation and unintended outcomes such as effects on non‐target species. However, in instances where the most effective strategy is to physically avoid specific species

    更新日期:2020-06-08
  • Seasonal insect migrations: massive, influential, and overlooked
    Front. Ecol. Environ. (IF 9.295) Pub Date : 2020-06-08
    Dara A Satterfield, T Scott Sillett, Jason W Chapman, Sonia Altizer, Peter P Marra

    During seasonal changes around the globe, trillions of insects are on the move. Many insect populations, including butterflies, moths, hoverflies, and dragonflies, make repeated seasonal migrations each year. It is only during the past century that biologists have come to accept the concept of insect migration, and new research using radar, citizen science, and stable isotopes has revealed unexpected

    更新日期:2020-06-08
  • Fire and climate change: conserving seasonally dry forests is still possible
    Front. Ecol. Environ. (IF 9.295) Pub Date : 2020-06-08
    Scott L Stephens, A LeRoy Westerling, Matthew D Hurteau, M Zachariah Peery, Courtney A Schultz, Sally Thompson

    The destructive wildfires that occurred recently in the western US starkly foreshadow the possible future of forest ecosystems and human communities in the region. With increases in the area burned by severe wildfire in seasonally dry forests expected to result from climate change, judicious, science‐based fire and restoration strategies will be essential for improving the resilience of forest ecosystems

    更新日期:2020-06-08
  • Salvage logging effects on regulating ecosystem services and fuel loads
    Front. Ecol. Environ. (IF 9.295) Pub Date : 2020-06-08
    Alexandro B Leverkus, Lena Gustafsson, David B Lindenmayer, Jorge Castro, José María Rey Benayas, Thomas Ranius, Simon Thorn

    Salvage logging, or logging after natural disturbances such as wildfires, insect outbreaks, and windstorms, is carried out to recover some of a forest's natural and/or economic capital. However, trade‐offs between management objectives and a lack of consensus on the ecological consequences of salvage logging impair science‐based decision making on the management of forests after natural disturbances

    更新日期:2020-06-08
  • Wave‐flattening and translational science
    Front. Ecol. Environ. (IF 9.295) Pub Date : 2020-06-01
    Stephen T Jackson

    At the time of this writing (early spring 2020), the COVID‐19 wave is hitting the US. We are all hoping that the wave, here and elsewhere, can be kept sufficiently low and slow so that medical infrastructure and personnel can keep pace with the outbreak. That will also provide time for the research and clinical‐practice communities to better understand the disease and how to manage it. A wave of a

    更新日期:2020-06-01
  • Climate‐change refugia: biodiversity in the slow lane
    Front. Ecol. Environ. (IF 9.295) Pub Date : 2020-06-01
    Toni Lyn Morelli, Cameron W Barrows, Aaron R Ramirez, Jennifer M Cartwright, David D Ackerly, Tatiana D Eaves, Joseph L Ebersole, Meg A Krawchuk, Benjamin H Letcher, Mary F Mahalovich, Garrett W Meigs, Julia L Michalak, Constance I Millar, Rebecca M Quiñones, Diana Stralberg, James H Thorne

    Climate‐change adaptation focuses on conducting and translating research to minimize the dire impacts of anthropogenic climate change, including threats to biodiversity and human welfare. One adaptation strategy is to focus conservation on climate‐change refugia (that is, areas relatively buffered from contemporary climate change over time that enable persistence of valued physical, ecological, and

    更新日期:2020-06-01
  • Disturbance refugia within mosaics of forest fire, drought, and insect outbreaks
    Front. Ecol. Environ. (IF 9.295) Pub Date : 2020-06-01
    Meg A Krawchuk, Garrett W Meigs, Jennifer M Cartwright, Jonathan D Coop, Raymond Davis, Andrés Holz, Crystal Kolden, Arjan JH Meddens

    Disturbance refugia – locations that experience less severe or frequent disturbances than the surrounding landscape – provide a framework to highlight not only where and why these biological legacies persist as adjacent areas change but also the value of those legacies in sustaining biodiversity. Recent studies of disturbance refugia in forest ecosystems have focused primarily on fire, with a growing

    更新日期:2020-06-01
  • Oases of the future? Springs as potential hydrologic refugia in drying climates
    Front. Ecol. Environ. (IF 9.295) Pub Date : 2020-06-01
    Jennifer M Cartwright, Kathleen A Dwire, Zach Freed, Samantha J Hammer, Blair McLaughlin, Louise W Misztal, Edward R Schenk, John R Spence, Abraham E Springer, Lawrence E Stevens

    Natural springs in water‐limited landscapes are biodiversity hotspots and keystone ecosystems that have a disproportionate influence on surrounding landscapes despite their usually small size. Some springs served as evolutionary refugia during previous climate drying, supporting relict species in isolated habitats. Understanding whether springs will provide hydrologic refugia from future climate change

    更新日期:2020-06-01
  • Combining physical and species‐based approaches improves refugia identification
    Front. Ecol. Environ. (IF 9.295) Pub Date : 2020-06-01
    Julia L Michalak, Diana Stralberg, Jennifer M Cartwright, Joshua J Lawler

    Climate‐change refugia – locations likely to facilitate species persistence under climate change – are increasingly important components of conservation planning. Recent approaches for identifying refugia at broad scales include identifying regions that are projected to experience less severe changes (climatic exposure), that contain a diversity of physical and topographic features (environmental diversity)

    更新日期:2020-06-01
  • Climate‐change refugia in boreal North America: what, where, and for how long?
    Front. Ecol. Environ. (IF 9.295) Pub Date : 2020-06-01
    Diana Stralberg, Dominique Arseneault, Jennifer L Baltzer, Quinn E Barber, Erin M Bayne, Yan Boulanger, Carissa D Brown, Hilary A Cooke, Kevin Devito, Jason Edwards, César A Estevo, Nadele Flynn, Lee E Frelich, Edward H Hogg, Mark Johnston, Travis Logan, Steven M Matsuoka, Paul Moore, Toni Lyn Morelli, Julienne L Morissette, Elizabeth A Nelson, Hedvig Nenzén, Scott E Nielsen, Marc‐André Parisien, John

    The vast boreal biome plays an important role in the global carbon cycle but is experiencing particularly rapid climate warming, threatening the integrity of valued ecosystems and their component species. We developed a framework and taxonomy to identify climate‐change refugia potential in the North American boreal region, summarizing current knowledge regarding mechanisms, geographic distribution

    更新日期:2020-06-01
  • Managing climate refugia for freshwater fishes under an expanding human footprint
    Front. Ecol. Environ. (IF 9.295) Pub Date : 2020-06-01
    Joseph L Ebersole, Rebecca M Quiñones, Shaun Clements, Benjamin H Letcher

    Within the context of climate adaptation, the concept of climate refugia has emerged as a framework for addressing future threats to freshwater fish populations. We evaluated recent climate‐refugia management associated with water use and landscape modification by comparing efforts in the US states of Oregon and Massachusetts, for which there are contrasting resource use patterns. Using these examples

    更新日期:2020-06-01
  • Vegetation refugia can inform climate‐adaptive land management under global warming
    Front. Ecol. Environ. (IF 9.295) Pub Date : 2020-06-01
    James H Thorne, Melanie Gogol‐Prokurat, Sandra Hill, Dana Walsh, Ryan M Boynton, Hyeyeong Choe

    Natural resource managers need information about the risks associated with climate change to provide guidance on where to implement various management practices on natural lands. The spatial variation of projected impacts within a vegetation type can be used to target climate‐adaptive management actions because different locations will be exposed to different levels of climatic stress. Vegetation refugia

    更新日期:2020-06-01
  • Topoclimates, refugia, and biotic responses to climate change
    Front. Ecol. Environ. (IF 9.295) Pub Date : 2020-06-01
    David D Ackerly, Matthew M Kling, Matthew L Clark, Prahlad Papper, Meagan F Oldfather, Alan L Flint, Lorraine E Flint

    Plant distributions are strongly influenced by both climate and topography. In an analysis of geographic and topographic distributions for selected tree species in California, we found that tree populations are increasingly restricted to extreme topographic positions as they approach the edge of their geographic ranges, occupying cooler, pole‐facing slopes (at the warm and dry edge) and warmer, equator‐facing

    更新日期:2020-06-01
  • Validating climate‐change refugia: empirical bottom‐up approaches to support management actions
    Front. Ecol. Environ. (IF 9.295) Pub Date : 2020-06-01
    Cameron W Barrows, Aaron R Ramirez, Lynn C Sweet, Toni Lyn Morelli, Constance I Millar, Neil Frakes, Jane Rodgers, Mary F Mahalovich

    Efforts to conserve biodiversity increasingly focus on identifying climate‐change refugia – areas relatively buffered from contemporary climate change over time that enable species persistence. Identification of refugia typically includes modeling the distribution of a species’ current habitat and then extrapolating that distribution given projected changes in temperature and precipitation, or by mapping

    更新日期:2020-06-01
  • Living it up in the dead zone
    Front. Ecol. Environ. (IF 9.295) Pub Date : 2020-06-01
    Adrian Burton

    No one was quite prepared for what the Doc Ricketts , a remotely operated submersible vehicle, would reveal when, in late March 2015, it illuminated the gloomy depths of the Gulf of California. Between 600 and 900 m below the surface, in one of the most extreme low‐oxygen environments anywhere in the world's oceans, it found fish. Lots of fish. In fact, the seabed was littered with cusk eels (Cherublemma

    更新日期:2020-06-01
  • Educating students in solutions‐oriented science
    Front. Ecol. Environ. (IF 9.295) Pub Date : 2020-05-01
    Gillian Bowser; Sarah A Green; Susie S Ho; Pamela H Templer

    The climate crisis is upon us. Our physical world is changing as our climate veers away from its historical state and societies comprehend the magnitude of this disruption. Youth, students, and many others are in the streets, demanding deeper, faster, and more equitable action to protect their future. Simultaneously, we as ecologists, environmental scientists, and climate and sustainability educators

    更新日期:2020-05-01
  • Dispatches
    Front. Ecol. Environ. (IF 9.295) Pub Date : 2020-05-01

    Canadians aim for greener shipping Janet Pelley Nearly everyone enjoys seeing the delivery van drop off their online order at the doorstep. But all the trucks bringing goods into cities also deliver a substantial load of CO2 and toxic exhaust. Alarmed by rapid growth in delivery traffic, Canada's largest cities are taking steps to decarbonize urban freight, according to a new report from the Calgary‐based

    更新日期:2020-05-01
  • Rabbit in the moon, monkey in the flower
    Front. Ecol. Environ. (IF 9.295) Pub Date : 2020-05-01
    Adrian Burton

    Pareidolia: seeing faces or objects where there are none. Those creepy caricatures that stared at you from your bedroom curtains throughout the night, Captain Jack Sparrow in the passing clouds, that so‐much‐like Abraham Lincoln potato, the Man in the Moon (or a rabbit pounding rice if you're from Japan); all are the effects of pareidolia. Scientists must beware of pareidolia – and of how communicating

    更新日期:2020-05-01
  • US imperiled species are most vulnerable to habitat loss on private lands
    Front. Ecol. Environ. (IF 9.295) Pub Date : 2020-03-02
    Adam J Eichenwald; Michael J Evans; Jacob W Malcom

    To stem the ongoing loss of biodiversity, conservation practitioners must distinguish between effective and ineffective approaches for protecting species habitats. Using Google Earth Engine and 31 years of Landsat images, we quantified changes in the habitats of 24 vertebrates listed under the US Endangered Species Act (ESA) and on the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) Red List

    更新日期:2020-04-22
  • Private‐sector conservation under the US Endangered Species Act: a return‐on‐investment perspective
    Front. Ecol. Environ. (IF 9.295) Pub Date : 2020-04-06
    Rebecca Epanchin‐Niell, James Boyd

    The US Endangered Species Act (ESA) is an important safety net for the protection and recovery of critically imperiled species. One mechanism of the ESA is prohibitions on harming listed species and their habitat, yet the ESA does not require proactive conservation by the private sector, which is necessary for the recovery of many species. A range of ESA programs have been developed – including Candidate

    更新日期:2020-04-06
  • Deciphering the past to inform the future: preparing for the next (“really big”) extreme event
    Front. Ecol. Environ. (IF 9.295) Pub Date : 2020-04-06
    Debra PC Peters, N Dylan Burruss, Gregory S Okin, Jerry L Hatfield, Stacey LP Scroggs, Haitao Huang, Colby W Brungard, Jin Yao

    Climate change will bring more extremes in temperature and precipitation that will impact productivity and ecosystem resilience throughout agroecosystems worldwide. Historical events can be used to identify drivers that impact future events. A catastrophic drought in the US in the 1930s resulted in an abrupt boundary between areas severely impacted by the Dust Bowl and areas that were less severely

    更新日期:2020-04-06
  • Mammal species composition reveals new insights into Earth's remaining wilderness
    Front. Ecol. Environ. (IF 9.295) Pub Date : 2020-04-06
    R Travis Belote, Søren Faurby, Angela Brennan, Neil H Carter, Matthew S Dietz, Beth Hahn, William J McShea, Josh Gage

    Maps of the human footprint allow ecologists to identify the wildest lands on the planet, track their decline, and prioritize wildland conservation efforts. Other research efforts have mapped biological intactness and identified conservation priorities to protect biodiversity. However, little research has involved the use of historical references to evaluate intactness of species composition globally

    更新日期:2020-04-06
  • The role of species charisma in biological invasions
    Front. Ecol. Environ. (IF 9.295) Pub Date : 2020-04-06
    Ivan Jarić, Franck Courchamp, Ricardo A Correia, Sarah L Crowley, Franz Essl, Anke Fischer, Pablo González‐Moreno, Gregor Kalinkat, Xavier Lambin, Bernd Lenzner, Yves Meinard, Aileen Mill, Camille Musseau, Ana Novoa, Jan Pergl, Petr Pyšek, Klára Pyšková, Peter Robertson, Menja von Schmalensee, Ross T Shackleton, Robert A Stefansson, Kateřina Štajerová, Diogo Veríssimo, Jonathan M Jeschke

    Commonly used in the literature to refer to the “attractiveness”, “appeal”, or “beauty” of a species, charisma can be defined as a set of characteristics – and the perception thereof – that affect people's attitudes and behaviors toward a species. It is a highly relevant concept for invasion science, with implications across all stages of the invasion process. However, the concept of invasive alien

    更新日期:2020-04-06
  • Co‐producing knowledge: the Integrated Ecosystem Model for resource management in Arctic Alaska
    Front. Ecol. Environ. (IF 9.295) Pub Date : 2020-02-27
    Eugénie S Euskirchen; Kristin Timm; Amy L Breen; Stephen Gray; T Scott Rupp; Philip Martin; Joel H Reynolds; Amanda Sesser; Karen Murphy; Jeremy S Littell; Alec Bennett; W Robert Bolton; Tobey Carman; Hélène Genet; Brad Griffith; Tom Kurkowski; Mark J Lara; Sergei Marchenko; Dmitry Nicolsky; Santosh Panda; Vladimir Romanovsky; Ruth Rutter; Colin L Tucker; A David McGuire

    Assessments of climate‐change effects on ecosystem processes and services in high‐latitude regions are hindered by a lack of decision‐support tools capable of forecasting possible future landscapes. We describe a collaborative effort to develop and apply the Integrated Ecosystem Model (IEM) for Alaska and northwestern Canada to explore how climate change influences interactions among disturbance regimes

    更新日期:2020-02-27
  • Recurring outburst floods from drained lakes: an emerging Arctic hazard
    Front. Ecol. Environ. (IF 9.295) Pub Date : 2020-02-27
    Christopher D Arp, Benjamin M Jones, Kenneth M Hinkel, Douglas L Kane, Matthew S Whitman, Richard Kemnitz

    New development in regions with rapidly changing climates may experience unforeseen hazards. Thermokarst lakes (bodies of freshwater that collect in depressions formed by thawing permafrost) cover 20% of Arctic lowlands and are naturally prone to causing catastrophic flooding. Cumulative lake drainage over time has resulted in up to 60% landscape coverage by drained thermokarst lake basins (DTLBs)

    更新日期:2020-02-27
  • Aboveground soil supports high levels of biological activity in oil palm plantations
    Front. Ecol. Environ. (IF 9.295) Pub Date : 2020-02-27
    Anton Potapov, Roman Bonnier, Dorothee Sandmann, Simin Wang, Rahayu Widyastuti, Stefan Scheu, Valentyna Krashevska

    Oil palm plantations are expanding rapidly throughout Southeast Asia due to increasing global food demand, thereby putting greater pressure on local ecosystems. These plantations usually replace rainforests, resulting in major losses of soil structure and fertility, and belowground biodiversity. However, despite causing soil degradation, oil palms may provide a novel microhabitat for soil biota in

    更新日期:2020-02-27
  • The dilemma of altitudinal shifts: caught between high temperature and low oxygen
    Front. Ecol. Environ. (IF 9.295) Pub Date : 2020-02-03
    Dean Jacobsen

    Global warming is expected to drive species toward higher altitudes. Indeed, most documented range shifts are upward, but observed shifts are often far from model predictions, and even downward shifts are common. Can such counterintuitive observations be explained? Metabolic oxygen demand rises with temperature in ectothermic animals, but levels of metabolic sensitivity to temperature increases (Q10)

    更新日期:2020-02-03
  • Changes in China's water resources in the early 21st century
    Front. Ecol. Environ. (IF 9.295) Pub Date : 2020-02-03
    Shengli Tao, Heng Zhang, Yuhao Feng, Jiangling Zhu, Qiong Cai, Xinyu Xiong, Suhui Ma, Leqi Fang, Wenjing Fang, Di Tian, Xia Zhao, Jingyun Fang

    Nearly 19% of the world's population lives in China, yet the country contains only 7% of the planet's fresh water. Combining remotely sensed data and ground‐based measurements, we conducted a comprehensive assessment of recent changes in China's water resources. Beginning in the 21st century, glaciers in western China have been melting at very high rates; lakes on the Tibetan Plateau have been expanding

    更新日期:2020-02-03
  • From eDNA to citizen science: emerging tools for the early detection of invasive species
    Front. Ecol. Environ. (IF 9.295) Pub Date : 2020-02-03
    Eric R Larson, Brittney M Graham, Rafael Achury, Jaime J Coon, Melissa K Daniels, Daniel K Gambrell, Kacie L Jonasen, Gregory D King, Nicholas LaRacuente, Tolulope IN Perrin‐Stowe, Emily M Reed, Christopher J Rice, Selina A Ruzi, Margaret W Thairu, Jared C Wilson, Andrew V Suarez

    Biological invasions are a form of global change threatening biodiversity, ecosystem stability, and human health, and cost government agencies billions of dollars in remediation and eradication programs. Attempts to eradicate introduced species are most successful when detection of newly established populations occurs early in the invasion process. We review existing and emerging tools – specifically

    更新日期:2020-02-03
  • Complex responses of global insect pests to climate warming
    Front. Ecol. Environ. (IF 9.295) Pub Date : 2020-02-03
    Philipp Lehmann, Tea Ammunét, Madeleine Barton, Andrea Battisti, Sanford D Eigenbrode, Jane Uhd Jepsen, Gregor Kalinkat, Seppo Neuvonen, Pekka Niemelä, John S Terblanche, Bjørn Økland, Christer Björkman

    Although it is well known that insects are sensitive to temperature, how they will be affected by ongoing global warming remains uncertain because these responses are multifaceted and ecologically complex. We reviewed the effects of climate warming on 31 globally important phytophagous (plant‐eating) insect pests to determine whether general trends in their responses to warming were detectable. We

    更新日期:2020-02-03
  • Exit strategies for wildlife conservation: why they are rare and why every institution needs one
    Front. Ecol. Environ. (IF 9.295) Pub Date : 2020-02-03
    Carlos R Ruiz‐Miranda, L Ignacio Vilchis, Ronald R Swaisgood

    Exit strategies – plans to end involvement in a project once selected criteria have been reached – are rare in conservation planning but can play a vital role in the conservation planning process; such strategies also prepare the institution, its staff, its partners, and a wider group of stakeholders for eventual success or failure and signal when it is time to move on. Exit strategies may indicate

    更新日期:2020-02-03
  • Rewilding of Fukushima's human evacuation zone
    Front. Ecol. Environ. (IF 9.295) Pub Date : 2020-01-06
    Phillip C Lyons, Kei Okuda, Matthew T Hamilton, Thomas G Hinton, James C Beasley

    There is substantial interest in understanding the ecological impacts of the nuclear accidents at the Chernobyl and Fukushima Daiichi nuclear power plants. However, population‐level data for large mammals have been limited, and there remains much speculation regarding the status of wildlife species in these areas. Using a network of remote cameras placed along a gradient of radiological contamination

    更新日期:2020-01-06
  • Who studies where? Boosting tropical conservation research where it is most needed
    Front. Ecol. Environ. (IF 9.295) Pub Date : 2020-01-06
    Ana L Reboredo Segovia, Donato Romano, Paul R Armsworth

    Despite the mounting threats that tropical ecosystems face, conservation in the tropics remains severely under‐researched relative to temperate systems. Efforts to address this knowledge gap have so far largely failed to analyze the relationship between an author's choice of study site and that author's country of origin. We examined factors that motivate both foreign and domestic scientists to conduct

    更新日期:2020-01-06
  • Importance of Indigenous Peoples’ lands for the conservation of Intact Forest Landscapes
    Front. Ecol. Environ. (IF 9.295) Pub Date : 2020-01-06
    John E Fa, James EM Watson, Ian Leiper, Peter Potapov, Tom D Evans, Neil D Burgess, Zsolt Molnár, Álvaro Fernández‐Llamazares, Tom Duncan, Stephanie Wang, Beau J Austin, Harry Jonas, Cathy J Robinson, Pernilla Malmer, Kerstin K Zander, Micha V Jackson, Erle Ellis, Eduardo S Brondizio, Stephen T Garnett

    Intact Forest Landscapes (IFLs) are critical strongholds for the environmental services that they provide, not least for their role in climate protection. On the basis of information about the distributions of IFLs and Indigenous Peoples’ lands, we examined the importance of these areas for conserving the world's remaining intact forests. We determined that at least 36% of IFLs are within Indigenous

    更新日期:2020-01-06
  • Catalyzing fisheries conservation investment
    Front. Ecol. Environ. (IF 9.295) Pub Date : 2020-01-06
    Timothy P Fitzgerald, Phoebe R Higgins, Emma Quilligan, Suresh A Sethi, John Tobin‐de la Puente

    Wild‐caught fish account for approximately one‐half of all seafood consumed globally, yet there is strong evidence that improved science and management are needed to ensure the biological, economic, and social sustainability of this critical food source. Presently, insufficient resources are allocated to achieve such sustainability, but conservation finance offers promising new sources of funding for

    更新日期:2020-01-06
  • Citizen science in developing countries: how to improve volunteer participation
    Front. Ecol. Environ. (IF 9.295) Pub Date : 2020-01-06
    Fabrice Requier, Georg KS Andersson, Facundo J Oddi, Lucas A Garibaldi

    Citizen science is a powerful tool for connecting members of the public with research and for obtaining large amounts of data. However, it is far less commonly implemented in developing countries than in developed countries. We conducted a large‐scale citizen‐science program monitoring honey bee (Apis mellifera) colony losses in Argentina to examine how a national consortium composed of local coordinators

    更新日期:2020-01-06
  • Crowd‐sourced data reveal social–ecological mismatches in phenology driven by climate
    Front. Ecol. Environ. (IF 9.295) Pub Date : 2019-12-09
    Ian K Breckheimer, Elli J Theobald, Nicoleta C Cristea, Anna K Wilson, Jessica D Lundquist, Regina M Rochefort, Janneke HilleRisLambers

    Shifts in phenology that are driven by climate change have substantial impacts on ecosystems, but the effects of these ecological shifts on coupled social–ecological systems remain largely unexplored. Using a large database of crowd‐sourced photographs from the image‐hosting website Flickr, we show that early snow disappearance conditions similar to those expected by the late 21st century cause the

    更新日期:2019-12-09
  • Hotspots of nitrogen deposition in the world's urban areas: a global data synthesis
    Front. Ecol. Environ. (IF 9.295) Pub Date : 2019-12-09
    Stephen M Decina, Lucy R Hutyra, Pamela H Templer

    Human activities have altered the global nitrogen (N) cycle, elevating rates of atmospheric N deposition up to tenfold above pre‐industrial levels, with consequences for ecosystem function and human health. To date, most N deposition studies have been carried out in rural areas; however, there has been a recent surge of N deposition studies conducted in urban ecosystems due to the increased recognition

    更新日期:2019-12-09
  • Back to the future: rethinking socioecological systems underlying high nature value farmlands
    Front. Ecol. Environ. (IF 9.295) Pub Date : 2019-12-09
    Angela Lomba, Francisco Moreira, Sebastian Klimek, Robert HG Jongman, Caroline Sullivan, James Moran, Xavier Poux, João P Honrado, Teresa Pinto‐Correia, Tobias Plieninger, David I McCracken

    Farmlands are currently among the dominant uses of the land. When managed under low‐input farming systems, farmlands are associated with diverse cultural and natural heritages around the world. Known in Europe as high nature value (HNV) farmlands, these agricultural landscapes and their associated farming systems evolved as tightly coupled socioecological systems, and are essential to biodiversity

    更新日期:2019-12-09
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