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  • The Demographic Buffering Hypothesis: Evidence and Challenges
    Trends Ecol. Evol. (IF 15.236) Pub Date : 2020-03-24
    Christoffer H. Hilde; Marlène Gamelon; Bernt-Erik Sæther; Jean-Michel Gaillard; Nigel G. Yoccoz; Christophe Pélabon

    In (st)age-structured populations, the long-run population growth rate is negatively affected by temporal variation in vital rates. In most cases, natural selection should minimize temporal variation in the vital rates to which the long-run population growth is most sensitive, resulting in demographic buffering. By reviewing empirical studies on demographic buffering in wild populations, we found overall

    更新日期:2020-03-24
  • Phylogenetics is the New Genetics (for Most of Biodiversity)
    Trends Ecol. Evol. (IF 15.236) Pub Date : 2020-03-21
    Stacey D. Smith; Matthew W. Pennell; Casey W. Dunn; Scott V. Edwards

    Despite substantial progress in understanding the genetic basis for differences in morphology, physiology, and behavior, many phenotypes of interest are difficult to study with traditional genetic approaches because their origin traces to deep nodes in the tree of life. Moreover, many species are not amenable to either large-scale sampling or laboratory crosses. We argue that phylogenetic methods and

    更新日期:2020-03-22
  • Poaching is Not One Big Thing
    Trends Ecol. Evol. (IF 15.236) Pub Date : 2020-03-20
    Robert A. Montgomery

    Among science and society, poaching is often depicted as one big dark conservation problem. In actuality, there are three main categories of poaching, with innumerable subcategories, including trophy, medicative, and consumptive poaching. Recognition of the complexity of poaching is vital to the effective alignment of conservation practice and social justice.

    更新日期:2020-03-21
  • Tropical Cyclone Ecology: A Scale-Link Perspective
    Trends Ecol. Evol. (IF 15.236) Pub Date : 2020-03-18
    Teng-Chiu Lin; J.Aaron Hogan; Chung-Te Chang

    Tropical cyclones are increasing in intensity and size and, thus, are poised to increase in importance as disturbance agents. Our understanding of cyclone ecology is biased towards the North Atlantic Basin, because cyclone effects do differ across oceanic basins. Cyclones have both short and long-term effects across the levels of biological organization, but we lack a scale‐perspective of cyclone ecology

    更新日期:2020-03-19
  • Coevolutionary Governance of Antibiotic and Pesticide Resistance
    Trends Ecol. Evol. (IF 15.236) Pub Date : 2020-03-17
    Peter Søgaard Jørgensen; Carl Folke; Patrik J.G. Henriksson; Karin Malmros; Max Troell; Anna Zorzet

    Development of new biocides has dominated human responses to evolution of antibiotic and pesticide resistance. Increasing and uniform biocide use, the spread of resistance genes, and the lack of new classes of compounds indicate the importance of navigating toward more sustainable coevolutionary dynamics between human culture and species that evolve resistance. To inform this challenge, we introduce

    更新日期:2020-03-19
  • On Deepest Caves, Extreme Habitats, and Ecological Superlatives
    Trends Ecol. Evol. (IF 15.236) Pub Date : 2020-03-14
    Stefano Mammola

    In an environment where the impact of research is central, scientists face the dilemma of choosing between orthodox writing for objectivity and sensational writing to provoke interest. The use of superlatives in high-ranking ecology journals has increased significantly in recent years, a writing behavior that works against scientific objectivity.

    更新日期:2020-03-16
  • Horizon Scan of the Belt and Road Initiative
    Trends Ecol. Evol. (IF 15.236) Pub Date : 2020-03-12
    Alice C. Hughes; Alex M. Lechner; Alexander Chitov; Alexander Horstmann; Amy Hinsley; Angela Tritto; Anthony Chariton; Binbin V. Li; Delfin Ganapin; Eugene Simonov; Katherine Morton; Kemel Toktomushev; Marc Foggin; May Tan-Mullins; Michael C. Orr; Richard Griffiths; Richard Nash; Scott Perkin; Douglas W. Yu

    The Belt and Road Initiative (BRI) represents the largest infrastructure and development project in human history, and presents risks and opportunities for ecosystems, economies, and communities. Some risks (habitat fragmentation, roadkill) are obvious, however, many of the BRI’s largest challenges for development and conservation are not obvious and require extensive consideration to identify. In

    更新日期:2020-03-12
  • A Peptide–Nucleic Acid Replicator Origin for Life
    Trends Ecol. Evol. (IF 15.236) Pub Date : 2020-03-11
    Bernard M.A.G. Piette; Jonathan G. Heddle

    Evolution requires self-replication. But, what was the very first self-replicator directly ancestral to all life? The currently favoured RNA World theory assigns this role to RNA alone but suffers from a number of seemingly intractable problems. Instead, we suggest that the self-replicator consisted of both peptides and nucleic acid strands. Such a nucleopeptide replicator is more feasible both in

    更新日期:2020-03-12
  • Agriculture and the Disruption of Plant–Microbial Symbiosis
    Trends Ecol. Evol. (IF 15.236) Pub Date : 2020-03-10
    Stephanie S. Porter; Joel L. Sachs

    Domestication has transformed hundreds of wild plant species into productive cultivars for human utility. However, cultivation practices and intense artificial selection for yield may entail a hidden cost: the disruption of interactions between plants and beneficial microbiota. Here, we synthesize theory predicting that evolutionary trade-offs, genetic costs, and relaxed selection disrupt plant–microbial

    更新日期:2020-03-10
  • Is Endothermy an Evolutionary By-Product?
    Trends Ecol. Evol. (IF 15.236) Pub Date : 2020-03-05
    Frank Seebacher

    Endothermy alters the energetic relationships between organisms and their environment and thereby influences fundamental niches. Endothermy is closely tied to energy metabolism. Regulation of energy balance is indispensable for all life and regulatory pathways increase in complexity from bacteria to vertebrates. Increasing complexity of metabolic networks also increase the probability for endothermic

    更新日期:2020-03-05
  • Animals as Agents in Fire Regimes
    Trends Ecol. Evol. (IF 15.236) Pub Date : 2020-03-05
    Claire N. Foster; Sam C. Banks; Geoffrey J. Cary; Christopher N. Johnson; David B. Lindenmayer; Leonie E. Valentine

    Fire is a powerful ecological and evolutionary force. Animals that modify drivers of fire behaviour could therefore have far-reaching effects on ecosystems. Yet, with a few notable exceptions, effects of animals on fire have been often overlooked. We show how animals can affect fire behaviour by modifying the amount, structure, or condition of fuel or, more rarely, by altering other controls on fire

    更新日期:2020-03-05
  • Climate Dipoles as Continental Drivers of Plant and Animal Populations
    Trends Ecol. Evol. (IF 15.236) Pub Date : 2020-03-05
    Benjamin Zuckerberg; Courtenay Strong; Jalene M. LaMontagne; Scott St. George; Julio L. Betancourt; Walter D. Koenig

    Ecological processes, such as migration and phenology, are strongly influenced by climate variability. Studying these processes often relies on associating observations of animals and plants with climate indices, such as the El Niño–Southern Oscillation (ENSO). A common characteristic of climate indices is the simultaneous emergence of opposite extremes of temperature and precipitation across continental

    更新日期:2020-03-05
  • Healthy Pollinators: Evaluating Pesticides with Molecular Medicine Approaches
    Trends Ecol. Evol. (IF 15.236) Pub Date : 2020-03-04
    Federico López-Osorio; Yannick Wurm

    Pollinators have been declining worldwide, and pesticides have contributed to these declines. High-resolution approaches from molecular medicine can provide unparalleled insight into organismal physiology and health. Applying these approaches to pollinators can significantly improve the efficiency and sensitivity of pesticide research and evaluation, and thus the sustainability of modern agriculture

    更新日期:2020-03-05
  • Measuring Coevolutionary Dynamics in Species-Rich Communities
    Trends Ecol. Evol. (IF 15.236) Pub Date : 2020-03-03
    Alex R. Hall; Ben Ashby; Jordi Bascompte; Kayla C. King

    Identifying different types of coevolutionary dynamics is important for understanding biodiversity and infectious disease. Past work has often focused on pairs of interacting species, but observations of extant communities suggest that coevolution in nature occurs in networks of antagonism and mutualism. We discuss challenges for measuring coevolutionary dynamics in species-rich communities, and we

    更新日期:2020-03-03
  • Our Wild Companions: Domestic cats in the Anthropocene
    Trends Ecol. Evol. (IF 15.236) Pub Date : 2020-02-22
    Sarah L. Crowley; Martina Cecchetti; Robbie A. McDonald

    Cats share a long history with humans but are remarkable among domesticated species in largely retaining behavioural and reproductive independence from people. In many societies, the cat maintains liminal status as both a domestic and a wild animal. An adaptive push-and-pull between wild and domestic traits corresponds with dual roles as companions and pest controllers, and with conflicted treatment

    更新日期:2020-02-23
  • Dispersal Reduction: Causes, Genomic Mechanisms, and Evolutionary Consequences
    Trends Ecol. Evol. (IF 15.236) Pub Date : 2020-02-22
    J.M. Waters; B.C. Emerson; P. Arribas; G.A. McCulloch

    Recent biological analyses suggest that reductions in dispersal ability have been key drivers of diversification across numerous lineages. We synthesise emerging data to highlight similarities regarding the causes and consequences of dispersal reduction across taxa and ecosystems, as well as the diverse genomic mechanisms underpinning these shifts. Natural selection has acted on standing genetic variation

    更新日期:2020-02-23
  • The (Under)Use of Eye-Tracking in Evolutionary Ecology
    Trends Ecol. Evol. (IF 15.236) Pub Date : 2020-02-18
    J. Billington; R.J. Webster; T.N. Sherratt; R.M. Wilkie; C. Hassall

    To survive and pass on their genes, animals must perform many tasks that affect their fitness, such as mate-choice, foraging, and predator avoidance. The ability to make rapid decisions is dependent on the information that needs to be sampled from the environment and how it is processed. We highlight the need to consider visual attention within sensory ecology and advocate the use of eye-tracking methods

    更新日期:2020-02-20
  • The IPBES Global Assessment: Pathways to Action
    Trends Ecol. Evol. (IF 15.236) Pub Date : 2020-02-18
    Mary H. Ruckelshaus; Stephen T. Jackson; Harold A. Mooney; Katharine L. Jacobs; Karim-Aly S. Kassam; Mary T.K. Arroyo; András Báldi; Ann M. Bartuska; James Boyd; Lucas N. Joppa; Anikó Kovács-Hostyánszki; Jill Petraglia Parsons; Robert J. Scholes; Jason F. Shogren; Zhiyun Ouyang

    The first Global Assessment of the Intergovernmental Science-Policy Platform on Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services (IPBES) found widespread, accelerating declines in Earth’s biodiversity and associated benefits to people from nature. Addressing these trends will require science-based policy responses to reduce impacts, especially at national to local scales. Effective scaling of science-policy efforts

    更新日期:2020-02-20
  • The Role of Evolution in Shaping Ecological Networks
    Trends Ecol. Evol. (IF 15.236) Pub Date : 2020-02-12
    Simon T. Segar; Tom M. Fayle; Diane S. Srivastava; Thomas M. Lewinsohn; Owen T. Lewis; Vojtech Novotny; Roger L. Kitching; Sarah C. Maunsell

    The structure of ecological networks reflects the evolutionary history of their biotic components, and their dynamics are strongly driven by ecoevolutionary processes. Here, we present an appraisal of recent relevant research, in which the pervasive role of evolution within ecological networks is manifest. Although evolutionary processes are most evident at macroevolutionary scales, they are also important

    更新日期:2020-02-12
  • Towards a Probabilistic Understanding About the Context-Dependency of Species Interactions.
    Trends Ecol. Evol. (IF 15.236) Pub Date : 2020-01-29
    Chuliang Song,Sarah Von Ahn,Rudolf P Rohr,Serguei Saavedra

    Observational and experimental studies have shown that an interaction class between two species (be it mutualistic, competitive, antagonistic, or neutral) may switch to a different class, depending on the biotic and abiotic factors within which species are observed. This complexity arising from the evidence of context-dependencies has underscored a difficulty in establishing a systematic analysis about

    更新日期:2020-01-29
  • Embryo Selection and Mate Choice: Can 'Honest Signals' Be Trusted?
    Trends Ecol. Evol. (IF 15.236) Pub Date : 2020-01-27
    Dakota E McCoy,David Haig

    When a measure becomes a target, it often ceases to be a good measure - an effect familiar from the declining usefulness of standardized testing in schools. This economic principle also applies to mate choice and, perhaps surprisingly, pregnancy. Just as females screen potential mates under many metrics, human mothers unconsciously screen embryos for quality. 'Examinees' are under intense selection

    更新日期:2020-01-29
  • Trait-Based Assessments of Climate-Change Impacts on Interacting Species.
    Trends Ecol. Evol. (IF 15.236) Pub Date : 2020-01-24
    Matthias Schleuning,Eike Lena Neuschulz,Jörg Albrecht,Irene M A Bender,Diana E Bowler,D Matthias Dehling,Susanne A Fritz,Christian Hof,Thomas Mueller,Larissa Nowak,Marjorie C Sorensen,Katrin Böhning-Gaese,W Daniel Kissling

    Plant-animal interactions are fundamentally important in ecosystems, but have often been ignored by studies of climate-change impacts on biodiversity. Here, we present a trait-based framework for predicting the responses of interacting plants and animals to climate change. We distinguish three pathways along which climate change can impact interacting species in ecological communities: (i) spatial

    更新日期:2020-01-24
  • Coloration in Mammals.
    Trends Ecol. Evol. (IF 15.236) Pub Date : 2020-01-22
    Tim Caro,Ricardo Mallarino

    Mammalian colors and color patterns are some of the most diverse and conspicuous traits found in nature and have been widely studied from genetic/developmental and evolutionary perspectives. In this review we first discuss the proximate causes underlying variation in pigment type (i.e., color) and pigment distribution (i.e., color pattern) and highlight both processes as having a distinct developmental

    更新日期:2020-01-22
  • Mixed Models Offer No Freedom from Degrees of Freedom.
    Trends Ecol. Evol. (IF 15.236) Pub Date : 2020-01-22
    Göran Arnqvist

    Statistics matter greatly in biology, whether we like it or not. As a discipline with an empirical inclination, we are faced with data every day and we rely on inferential statistical models to make sense of it and to provide us with novel insights. Much of the time, the growing level of complexity and sophistication of the models we put to use in ecology and evolution have led to more appropriate

    更新日期:2020-01-22
  • Density Dependence, Senescence, and Williams' Hypothesis.
    Trends Ecol. Evol. (IF 15.236) Pub Date : 2020-01-20
    Troy Day,Peter A Abrams

    更新日期:2020-01-20
  • The Evolution of Paleoecology.
    Trends Ecol. Evol. (IF 15.236) Pub Date : 2020-01-17
    Joseph D Napier,Guillaume de Lafontaine,Melissa L Chipman

    While the interplay between migration and adaptation dictates species response to climate change, technological limitations have obfuscated explicit tests on past adaptive responses. However, a surge in technology-driven advances in paleoecological methods coincides with breakthroughs in processing ancient DNA, providing the first opportunity to assess adaptation to past climate shifts.

    更新日期:2020-01-17
  • Museum Epigenomics: Charting the Future by Unlocking the Past.
    Trends Ecol. Evol. (IF 15.236) Pub Date : 2020-01-17
    Erin E Hahn,Alicia Grealy,Marina Alexander,Clare E Holleley

    Epigenomic state preserved in museum specimens could be leveraged to provide unique insights into gene regulation trends associated with accelerating environmental change during the Anthropocene. We address the challenges facing museum epigenomics and propose a collaborative framework for researchers and curators to explore this new field.

    更新日期:2020-01-17
  • Climate Change and Edaphic Specialists: Irresistible Force Meets Immovable Object?
    Trends Ecol. Evol. (IF 15.236) Pub Date : 2020-01-17
    Richard T Corlett,Kyle W Tomlinson

    Species exposed to anthropogenic climate change can acclimate, adapt, move, or be extirpated. It is often assumed that movement will be the dominant response, with populations tracking their climate envelopes in space, but the numerous species restricted to specialized substrates cannot easily move. In warmer regions of the world, such edaphic specialists appear to have accumulated in situ over millions

    更新日期:2020-01-17
  • A Plea for Standardized Nuclear Markers in Metazoan DNA Taxonomy.
    Trends Ecol. Evol. (IF 15.236) Pub Date : 2020-01-15
    Jonas Eberle,Dirk Ahrens,Christoph Mayer,Oliver Niehuis,Bernhard Misof

    The ease of sequencing DNA barcodes promoted a species identification system universally applicable across animal phyla. However, relying on a single mitochondrial DNA fragment has a number of drawbacks that can mislead species delimitation and identification. Implementation of multiple nuclear markers would mitigate the limits of the current barcoding system if these markers are universally applicable

    更新日期:2020-01-15
  • The Reproductive Microbiome: An Emerging Driver of Sexual Selection, Sexual Conflict, Mating Systems, and Reproductive Isolation.
    Trends Ecol. Evol. (IF 15.236) Pub Date : 2020-01-10
    Melissah Rowe,Liisa Veerus,Pål Trosvik,Angus Buckling,Tommaso Pizzari

    All multicellular organisms host microbial communities in and on their bodies, and these microbiomes can have major influences on host biology. Most research has focussed on the oral, skin, and gut microbiomes, whereas relatively little is known about the reproductive microbiome. Here, we review empirical evidence to show that reproductive microbiomes can have significant effects on the reproductive

    更新日期:2020-01-14
  • Fire Seasonality Effect on Post-Fire Wind Dispersal: Response to Keith, Dunker, and Driscoll.
    Trends Ecol. Evol. (IF 15.236) Pub Date : 2020-01-14
    Russell G Miller,Ryan Tangney,Neal J Enright,Joseph B Fontaine,David J Merritt,Mark K J Ooi,Katinka X Ruthrof,Ben P Miller

    更新日期:2020-01-14
  • Dispersal: The Eighth Fire Seasonality Effect on Plants.
    Trends Ecol. Evol. (IF 15.236) Pub Date : 2020-01-14
    David A Keith,Bianca Dunker,Don A Driscoll

    更新日期:2020-01-14
  • Towards a New Generation of Trait-Flexible Vegetation Models.
    Trends Ecol. Evol. (IF 15.236) Pub Date : 2019-12-24
    Fabio Berzaghi,Ian J Wright,Koen Kramer,Sylvie Oddou-Muratorio,Friedrich J Bohn,Christopher P O Reyer,Santiago Sabaté,Tanja G M Sanders,Florian Hartig

    Plant trait variability, emerging from eco-evolutionary dynamics that range from alleles to macroecological scales, is one of the most elusive, but possibly most consequential, aspects of biodiversity. Plasticity, epigenetics, and genetic diversity are major determinants of how plants will respond to climate change, yet these processes are rarely represented in current vegetation models. Here, we provide

    更新日期:2019-12-25
  • The Role of Individual Heterogeneity in Collective Animal Behaviour.
    Trends Ecol. Evol. (IF 15.236) Pub Date : 2019-12-23
    Jolle W Jolles,Andrew J King,Shaun S Killen

    Social grouping is omnipresent in the animal kingdom. Considerable research has focused on understanding how animal groups form and function, including how collective behaviour emerges via self-organising mechanisms and how phenotypic variation drives the behaviour and functioning of animal groups. However, we still lack a mechanistic understanding of the role of phenotypic variation in collective

    更新日期:2019-12-25
  • How 'Blue' Is 'Green' Energy?
    Trends Ecol. Evol. (IF 15.236) Pub Date : 2019-12-13
    Andrew J Wright,Claryana Araújo-Wang,John Y Wang,Peter S Ross,Jakob Tougaard,Robin Winkler,Melissa C Márquez,Frances C Robertson,Kayleigh Fawcett Williams,Randall R Reeves

    Often perceived as environmentally benign, 'green' renewable energy technologies have ecological costs that are often overlooked, especially those occurring below the waterline. After briefly discussing the impacts of hydropower on freshwater and marine organisms, we focus this review on the impacts of marine renewable energy devices (MREDs) on underwater marine organisms, particularly offshore wind

    更新日期:2019-12-18
  • It's Not about Him: Mismeasuring 'Good Genes' in Sexual Selection.
    Trends Ecol. Evol. (IF 15.236) Pub Date : 2019-12-16
    Angela M Achorn,Gil G Rosenthal

    What explains preferences for elaborate ornamentation in animals? The default answer remains that the prettiest males have the best genes. If mating signals predict good genes, mating preferences evolve because attractive mates yield additive genetic benefits through offspring viability, thereby maximizing chooser fitness. Across disciplines, studies claim 'good genes' without measuring mating preferences

    更新日期:2019-12-17
  • Ecosystem-Based Tsunami Mitigation for Tropical Biodiversity Hotspots.
    Trends Ecol. Evol. (IF 15.236) Pub Date : 2019-11-23
    Thomas Cherico Wanger,Nur Ainun,Barry W Brook,Daniel A Friess,Rachel R Y Oh,Andi Rusdin,Scott Smithers,Aiyen Tjoa

    Inclusion of ecosystem-based approaches in the governmental masterplan for tsunami mitigation in Palu, Indonesia may make the city a rare case study for ecological disaster risk reduction in tropical biodiversity hotspots. Such case studies are a key pillar of the United Nations (UN) Sendai Framework to protect coastal societies globally.

    更新日期:2019-12-11
  • A Horizon Scan of Emerging Global Biological Conservation Issues for 2020.
    Trends Ecol. Evol. (IF 15.236) Pub Date : 2019-12-05
    William J Sutherland,Maria P Dias,Lynn V Dicks,Helen Doran,Abigail C Entwistle,Erica Fleishman,David W Gibbons,Rosie Hails,Alice C Hughes,Jonathan Hughes,Ruth Kelman,Xavier Le Roux,Becky LeAnstey,Fiona A Lickorish,Luke Maggs,James W Pearce-Higgins,Lloyd S Peck,Nathalie Pettorelli,Jules Pretty,Mark D Spalding,Femke H Tonneijck,Jonathan Wentworth,Ann Thornton

    In this horizon scan, we highlight 15 emerging issues of potential relevance to global conservation in 2020. Seven relate to potentially extensive changes in vegetation or ecological systems. These changes are either relatively new, for example, conversion of kelp forests to simpler macroalgal systems, or may occur in the future, for example, as a result of the derivation of nanocelluose from wood

    更新日期:2019-12-05
  • The History of Farm Foxes Undermines the Animal Domestication Syndrome.
    Trends Ecol. Evol. (IF 15.236) Pub Date : 2019-12-03
    Kathryn A Lord,Greger Larson,Raymond P Coppinger,Elinor K Karlsson

    The Russian Farm-Fox Experiment is the best known experimental study in animal domestication. By subjecting a population of foxes to selection for tameness alone, Dimitry Belyaev generated foxes that possessed a suite of characteristics that mimicked those found across domesticated species. This 'domestication syndrome' has been a central focus of research into the biological pathways modified during

    更新日期:2019-12-04
  • Using Haplotype Information for Conservation Genomics.
    Trends Ecol. Evol. (IF 15.236) Pub Date : 2019-12-03
    Maeva Leitwein,Maud Duranton,Quentin Rougemont,Pierre-Alexandre Gagnaire,Louis Bernatchez

    The particular combinations of alleles that define haplotypes along individual chromosomes can be determined with increasing ease and accuracy by using current sequencing technologies. Beyond allele frequencies, haplotype data collected in population samples contain information about the history of allelic associations in gene genealogies, and this is of tremendous potential for conservation genomics

    更新日期:2019-12-04
  • Considering Complexity: Animal Social Networks and Behavioural Contagions.
    Trends Ecol. Evol. (IF 15.236) Pub Date : 2019-12-03
    Josh A Firth

    The spread of behaviours through animal social networks have often been considered as 'simple contagions'. However, research across other disciplines now provides substantial grounding for the 'complex contagion' of behaviours. The study of animal behaviour could benefit greatly from generally expanding to incorporate these new insights.

    更新日期:2019-12-03
  • Authorship Protocols Must Change to Credit Citizen Scientists.
    Trends Ecol. Evol. (IF 15.236) Pub Date : 2019-12-02
    Georgia Ward-Fear,Gregory B Pauly,Jann E Vendetti,Richard Shine

    The sociopolitical nature of research is changing and so must our protocols for authorship. Citizen scientists are often excluded from authorship because they cannot meet rigid journal criteria. To address this, we propose a new concept: allowing nonprofessional scientists to be credited as authors under a collective identity ('group coauthorship').

    更新日期:2019-12-02
  • Gene Expression and Diet Breadth in Plant-Feeding Insects: Summarizing Trends.
    Trends Ecol. Evol. (IF 15.236) Pub Date : 2019-11-30
    Stephanie S L Birnbaum,Patrick Abbot

    Transcriptomic studies lend insights into the role of transcriptional plasticity in adaptation and specialization. Recently, there has been growing interest in understanding the relationship between variation in herbivorous insect gene expression and the evolution of diet breadth. We review the studies that have emerged on insect gene expression and host plant use, and outline the questions and approaches

    更新日期:2019-11-30
  • Post-Anthropocene Conservation.
    Trends Ecol. Evol. (IF 15.236) Pub Date : 2019-11-26
    Maggie J Watson,David M Watson

    Conditions capable of supporting multicellular life are predicted to continue for another billion years, but humans will inevitably become extinct within several million years. We explore the paradox of a habitable planet devoid of people, and consider how to prioritise our actions to maximise life after we are gone.

    更新日期:2019-11-27
  • Transgenerational Plasticity in Human-Altered Environments.
    Trends Ecol. Evol. (IF 15.236) Pub Date : 2019-11-06
    Sarah C Donelan,Jennifer K Hellmann,Alison M Bell,Barney Luttbeg,John L Orrock,Michael J Sheriff,Andrew Sih

    Our ability to predict how species will respond to human-induced rapid environmental change (HIREC) may depend upon our understanding of transgenerational plasticity (TGP), which occurs when environments experienced by previous generations influence phenotypes of subsequent generations. TGP evolved to help organisms cope with environmental stressors when parental environments are highly predictive

    更新日期:2019-11-07
  • Using Soundscapes to Assess Deep-Sea Benthic Ecosystems.
    Trends Ecol. Evol. (IF 15.236) Pub Date : 2019-11-07
    Tzu-Hao Lin,Chong Chen,Hiromi Kayama Watanabe,Shinsuke Kawagucci,Hiroyuki Yamamoto,Tomonari Akamatsu

    Targets of deep-sea mining commonly coincide with biodiversity hotspots, such as hydrothermal vents. The resilience of these ecosystems relies on larval dispersal, which may be directed by habitat-specific soundscapes. We urge for a global effort to implement soundscape as a conservation tool to assess anthropogenic disruption to deep-sea benthic ecosystems.

    更新日期:2019-11-07
  • Understanding Admixture: Haplodiploidy to the Rescue.
    Trends Ecol. Evol. (IF 15.236) Pub Date : 2019-11-06
    Pierre Nouhaud,Alexandre Blanckaert,Claudia Bank,Jonna Kulmuni

    Hybridization has broad evolutionary consequences, from fueling or counteracting speciation to facilitating adaptation to novel environments. Hybridization and subsequent introgression appear widespread along the tree of life. However, our understanding of how distinct evolutionary forces shape admixed genomes and the fate of introgressed genetic variants remains scarce. Most admixture research in

    更新日期:2019-11-06
  • Environmental Predictability as a Cause and Consequence of Animal Movement.
    Trends Ecol. Evol. (IF 15.236) Pub Date : 2019-11-05
    Louise Riotte-Lambert,Jason Matthiopoulos

    The impacts of environmental predictability on the ecology and evolution of animal movement have been the subject of vigorous speculation for several decades. Recently, the swell of new biologging technologies has further stimulated their investigation. This advancing research frontier, however, still lacks conceptual unification and has so far focused little on converse effects. Populations of moving

    更新日期:2019-11-06
  • Social Barriers in Ecological Landscapes: The Social Resistance Hypothesis.
    Trends Ecol. Evol. (IF 15.236) Pub Date : 2019-11-05
    Nicolette C Armansin,Adam J Stow,Mauricio Cantor,Stephan T Leu,James A Klarevas-Irby,Anthony A Chariton,Damien R Farine

    Across animal societies, individuals invest time and energy in social interactions. The social landscape that emerges from these interactions can then generate barriers that limit the ability of individuals to disperse to, and reproduce in, groups or populations. Therefore, social barriers can contribute to the difference between the physical capacity for movement through the habitat and subsequent

    更新日期:2019-11-06
  • Predicting Landscape Configuration Effects on Agricultural Pest Suppression.
    Trends Ecol. Evol. (IF 15.236) Pub Date : 2019-11-05
    Nathan L Haan,Yajun Zhang,Douglas A Landis

    Arthropod predators and parasitoids attack crop pests, providing a valuable ecosystem service. The amount of noncrop habitat surrounding crop fields influences pest suppression, but synthesis of new studies suggests that the spatial configuration of crops and other habitats is similarly important. Natural enemies are often more abundant in fine-grained agricultural landscapes comprising smaller patches

    更新日期:2019-11-06
  • Conservation Genomics in a Changing Arctic.
    Trends Ecol. Evol. (IF 15.236) Pub Date : 2019-11-05
    Jocelyn P Colella,Sandra L Talbot,Christian Brochmann,Eric B Taylor,Eric P Hoberg,Joseph A Cook

    Although logistically challenging to study, the Arctic is a bellwether for global change and is becoming a model for questions pertinent to the persistence of biodiversity. Disruption of Arctic ecosystems is accelerating, with impacts ranging from mixing of biotic communities to individual behavioral responses. Understanding these changes is crucial for conservation and sustainable economic development

    更新日期:2019-11-06
  • 3D Imaging Insights into Forests and Coral Reefs.
    Trends Ecol. Evol. (IF 15.236) Pub Date : 2019-11-05
    Kim Calders,Stuart Phinn,Renata Ferrari,Javier Leon,John Armston,Gregory P Asner,Mathias Disney

    Forests and coral reefs are structurally complex ecosystems threatened by climate change. In situ 3D imaging measurements provide unprecedented, quantitative, and detailed structural information that allows testing of hypotheses relating form to function. This affords new insights into both individual organisms and their relationship to their surroundings and neighbours.

    更新日期:2019-11-06
  • Data Integration for Large-Scale Models of Species Distributions.
    Trends Ecol. Evol. (IF 15.236) Pub Date : 2019-10-30
    Nick J B Isaac,Marta A Jarzyna,Petr Keil,Lea I Dambly,Philipp H Boersch-Supan,Ella Browning,Stephen N Freeman,Nick Golding,Gurutzeta Guillera-Arroita,Peter A Henrys,Susan Jarvis,José Lahoz-Monfort,Jörn Pagel,Oliver L Pescott,Reto Schmucki,Emily G Simmonds,Robert B O'Hara

    With the expansion in the quantity and types of biodiversity data being collected, there is a need to find ways to combine these different sources to provide cohesive summaries of species' potential and realized distributions in space and time. Recently, model-based data integration has emerged as a means to achieve this by combining datasets in ways that retain the strengths of each. We describe a

    更新日期:2019-11-01
  • Evidence Ranking Needs to Reflect Causality.
    Trends Ecol. Evol. (IF 15.236) Pub Date : 2019-11-29
    Anne-Christine Mupepele,Carsten F Dormann

    更新日期:2019-11-01
  • The Components and Spatiotemporal Dimension of Carrion Biomass Quantification.
    Trends Ecol. Evol. (IF 15.236) Pub Date : 2019-11-04
    Marcos Moleón,Nuria Selva,José A Sánchez-Zapata

    更新日期:2019-11-01
  • Conservation Success through IPBES-Guided Transformative Change.
    Trends Ecol. Evol. (IF 15.236) Pub Date : 2019-10-07
    Timothy C Bonebrake,Fengyi Guo,Caroline Dingle,David M Baker,Roger L Kitching,Louise A Ashton

    更新日期:2019-11-01
  • 更新日期:2019-11-01
  • IPBES Promotes Integration of Multiple Threats to Biodiversity.
    Trends Ecol. Evol. (IF 15.236) Pub Date : 2019-08-17
    Nicolas Titeux,Lluís Brotons,Josef Settele

    更新日期:2019-11-01
  • Aquatic Predators Influence Micronutrients: Important but Understudied.
    Trends Ecol. Evol. (IF 15.236) Pub Date : 2019-08-11
    Alexander S Flecker,Cornelia W Twining,Oswald J Schmitz,Steven J Cooke,Neil Hammerschlag

    更新日期:2019-11-01
  • Evidence Is Key for Effective Biodiversity Communication.
    Trends Ecol. Evol. (IF 15.236) Pub Date : 2019-07-04
    Lindall R Kidd,Sarah A Bekessy,Georgia E Garrard

    更新日期:2019-11-01
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