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  • Protecting Biodiversity (in All Its Complexity): New Models and Methods
    Trends Ecol. Evol. (IF 14.764) Pub Date : 2020-09-22
    Laura J. Pollock; Louise M.J. O’Connor; Karel Mokany; Dan F. Rosauer; Matthew V. Talluto; Wilfried Thuiller

    We are facing a biodiversity crisis at the same time as we are acquiring an unprecedented view of the world’s biodiversity. Vast new datasets (e.g., species distributions, traits, phylogenies, and interaction networks) hold knowledge to better comprehend the depths of biodiversity change, reliably anticipate these changes, and inform conservation actions. To harness this information for conservation

    更新日期:2020-09-23
  • Stemming the Flow: Information, Infection, and Social Evolution.
    Trends Ecol. Evol. (IF 14.764) Pub Date : 2020-07-31
    Valéria Romano,Andrew J J MacIntosh,Cédric Sueur

    Social information and socially transmitted pathogens are governed by social structure, and also shape social interactions. However, information and infection are rarely investigated as interactive factors driving social evolution. We propose exactly such an integrative framework, drawing attention to mechanisms of social phenotypic plasticity for information spread and pathogen control.

    更新日期:2020-09-22
  • Deep-Sea Misconceptions Cause Underestimation of Seabed-Mining Impacts.
    Trends Ecol. Evol. (IF 14.764) Pub Date : 2020-07-31
    Craig R Smith,Verena Tunnicliffe,Ana Colaço,Jeffrey C Drazen,Sabine Gollner,Lisa A Levin,Nelia C Mestre,Anna Metaxas,Tina N Molodtsova,Telmo Morato,Andrew K Sweetman,Travis Washburn,Diva J Amon

    Scientific misconceptions are likely leading to miscalculations of the environmental impacts of deep-seabed mining. These result from underestimating mining footprints relative to habitats targeted and poor understanding of the sensitivity, biodiversity, and dynamics of deep-sea ecosystems. Addressing these misconceptions and knowledge gaps is needed for effective management of deep-seabed mining.

    更新日期:2020-09-22
  • Effective Conservation.
    Trends Ecol. Evol. (IF 14.764) Pub Date : 2020-08-14
    Kate E Lynch,Daniel T Blumstein

    Effective altruism is a growing humanitarian movement with a track record of success in evaluating the effectiveness of charitable spending across a wide range of projects. We suggest ways in which the foundations of this movement can be applied to the complex world of conservation.

    更新日期:2020-09-22
  • Measurement Uncertainty in Ecological and Environmental Models.
    Trends Ecol. Evol. (IF 14.764) Pub Date : 2020-07-26
    Christian Damgaard

    In many applied cases of ecological and environmental modeling there is sizeable variation in the independent variables as a result of measurement and sampling errors. This uncertainty may lead to biased predictions. It is possible to avoid this problem by increased sampling and by modeling the errors using hierarchical modeling.

    更新日期:2020-09-22
  • Intergenerational Transfer of Ageing: Parental Age and Offspring Lifespan.
    Trends Ecol. Evol. (IF 14.764) Pub Date : 2020-07-30
    Pat Monaghan,Alexei A Maklakov,Neil B Metcalfe

    The extent to which the age of parents at reproduction can affect offspring lifespan and other fitness-related traits is important in our understanding of the selective forces shaping life history evolution. In this article, the widely reported negative effects of parental age on offspring lifespan (the ‘Lansing effect’) is examined. Outlined herein are the potential routes whereby a Lansing effect

    更新日期:2020-09-22
  • Hygric Niches for Tropical Endotherms.
    Trends Ecol. Evol. (IF 14.764) Pub Date : 2020-07-18
    W Alice Boyle,Elsie H Shogren,Jeffrey D Brawn

    Biotic selective pressures dominate explanations for the evolutionary ecology of tropical endotherms. Yet, abiotic factors, principally precipitation regimes, shape biogeographical and phenological patterns in tropical regions. Despite its importance, we lack a framework for understanding when, why, and how rain affects endotherms. Here, we review how tropical birds and mammals respond to rain at individual

    更新日期:2020-09-22
  • Advancing Systematic Conservation Planning for Ecosystem Services
    Trends Ecol. Evol. (IF 14.764) Pub Date : 2020-09-22
    Jaramar Villarreal-Rosas; Laura J. Sonter; Rebecca K. Runting; Sofía López-Cubillos; Marie C. Dade; Hugh P. Possingham; Jonathan R. Rhodes

    Conservation and sustainable management activities are critical for enhancing ecosystem services. Systematic conservation planning (SCP) is a spatial decision support process used to identify the most cost-effective places for intervention and is increasingly incorporating ecosystem services thinking. Yet, there is no clear guidance on how to incorporate ecosystem service components (i.e., supply,

    更新日期:2020-09-22
  • Threshing Yards: Graveyard of Maternally Borne Seed Microbiome?
    Trends Ecol. Evol. (IF 14.764) Pub Date : 2020-09-19
    M Hemapriya,Karaba N Nataraja,T S Suryanarayanan,R Uma Shaanker

    Plant domestication, at least in cereals, is associated with the loss of the shattering allele. In such species, grains are manually harvested and threshed, leaving behind naked seeds. This could have led to the loss of maternally borne seed microbiomes and their associated benefits in modern-day domesticated species.

    更新日期:2020-09-20
  • Making the UN Decade on Ecosystem Restoration a Social-Ecological Endeavour.
    Trends Ecol. Evol. (IF 14.764) Pub Date : 2020-09-18
    Joern Fischer,Maraja Riechers,Jacqueline Loos,Berta Martin-Lopez,Vicky M Temperton

    The United Nations (UN) recently declared 2021 to 2030 the Decade on Ecosystem Restoration. Against this background, we review recent social-ecological systems research and summarize key themes that could help to improve ecosystem restoration in dynamic social contexts. The themes relate to resilience and adaptability, ecosystem stewardship and navigation of change, relational values, the coevolution

    更新日期:2020-09-20
  • The Silver Lining of Extreme Events.
    Trends Ecol. Evol. (IF 14.764) Pub Date : 2020-09-18
    M A Coleman,T Wernberg

    Extreme climatic events cause devastating impacts to species and ecosystems, precipitating significant mortality. However, emerging empirical evidence is revealing that such mortality can drive directional selection and result in increased tolerance. We discuss the novel opportunities for promoting climate resilience presented by this ‘silver lining’ of extreme events.

    更新日期:2020-09-20
  • Dormancy Class: Another Fire Seasonality Effect on Plants.
    Trends Ecol. Evol. (IF 14.764) Pub Date : 2020-09-18
    Dechang Cao,Carol C Baskin,Jerry M Baskin

    更新日期:2020-09-18
  • Deciphering the Biodiversity-Production Mutualism in the Global Food Security Debate.
    Trends Ecol. Evol. (IF 14.764) Pub Date : 2020-09-14
    Ralf Seppelt,Channing Arndt,Michael Beckmann,Emily A Martin,Thomas W Hertel

    Without changes in consumption, along with sharp reductions in food waste and postharvest losses, agricultural production must grow to meet future food demands. The variety of concepts and policies relating to yield increases fail to integrate an important constituent of production and human nutrition – biodiversity. We develop an analytical framework to unpack this biodiversity-production mutualism

    更新日期:2020-09-14
  • The Neglected Belowground Dimension of Plant Dominance: (Trends in Ecology and Evolution 35 (9); 763-766, 2020).
    Trends Ecol. Evol. (IF 14.764) Pub Date : 2020-09-14
    Gianluigi Ottaviani,Rafael Molina-Venegas,Tristan Charles-Dominique,Stefano Chelli,Giandiego Campetella,Roberto Canullo,Jitka Klimešová

    更新日期:2020-09-14
  • Reproductive Microbiomes and the Sexual Transmission of Beneficial Microbes: Reply to Lombardo et al.
    Trends Ecol. Evol. (IF 14.764) Pub Date : 2020-09-14
    Melissah Rowe,Liisa Veerus,Pål Trosvik,Angus Buckling,Tommaso Pizzari

    更新日期:2020-09-14
  • Ecological Dynamics: Integrating Empirical, Statistical, and Analytical Methods.
    Trends Ecol. Evol. (IF 14.764) Pub Date : 2020-09-12
    Amanda N Laubmeier,Bernard Cazelles,Kim Cuddington,Kelley D Erickson,Marie-Josée Fortin,Kiona Ogle,Christopher K Wikle,Kai Zhu,Elise F Zipkin

    Understanding ecological processes and predicting long-term dynamics are ongoing challenges in ecology. To address these challenges, we suggest an approach combining mathematical analyses and Bayesian hierarchical statistical modeling with diverse data sources. Novel mathematical analysis of ecological dynamics permits a process-based understanding of conditions under which systems approach equilibrium

    更新日期:2020-09-12
  • Surplus Carbon Drives Allocation and Plant-Soil Interactions.
    Trends Ecol. Evol. (IF 14.764) Pub Date : 2020-09-11
    Cindy E Prescott,Sue J Grayston,Heljä-Sisko Helmisaari,Eva Kaštovská,Christian Körner,Hans Lambers,Ina C Meier,Peter Millard,Ivika Ostonen

    Plant growth is usually constrained by the availability of nutrients, water, or temperature, rather than photosynthetic carbon (C) fixation. Under these conditions leaf growth is curtailed more than C fixation, and the surplus photosynthates are exported from the leaf. In plants limited by nitrogen (N) or phosphorus (P), photosynthates are converted into sugars and secondary metabolites. Some surplus

    更新日期:2020-09-12
  • Beyond Infection: Integrating Competence into Reservoir Host Prediction.
    Trends Ecol. Evol. (IF 14.764) Pub Date : 2020-09-11
    Daniel J Becker,Stephanie N Seifert,Colin J Carlson

    Most efforts to predict novel reservoirs of zoonotic pathogens use information about host exposure and infection rather than competence, defined as the ability to transmit pathogens. Better obtaining and integrating competence data into statistical models as covariates, as the response variable, and through postmodel validation should improve predictive research.

    更新日期:2020-09-11
  • How Field Courses Propel Inclusion and Collective Excellence.
    Trends Ecol. Evol. (IF 14.764) Pub Date : 2020-09-09
    Erika S Zavaleta,Roxanne S Beltran,Abraham L Borker

    Field courses have been identified as powerful tools for inclusion and student success in science. However, not all students are equally likely to take field courses. How do we remove barriers to equity in field courses, to make them engines for inclusion, diversity, and collective excellence in ecology and evolution?

    更新日期:2020-09-10
  • Converting Ecological Currencies: Energy, Material, and Information Flows.
    Trends Ecol. Evol. (IF 14.764) Pub Date : 2020-09-09
    Justin N Marleau,Tianna Peller,Frederic Guichard,Andrew Gonzalez

    Understanding how the three currencies of life – energy, material, and information – interact is a key step towards synthesis in ecology and evolution. However, current theory focuses on the role of matter as a resource and energy, and typically ignores how the same matter can have other important effects as a carrier of information or modifier of the environment. Here we present the hypothesis that

    更新日期:2020-09-10
  • A Darwinian Laboratory of Multiple Contact Zones.
    Trends Ecol. Evol. (IF 14.764) Pub Date : 2020-09-08
    Kerstin Johannesson,Alan Le Moan,Samuel Perini,Carl André

    Barriers to gene flow between divergent populations result in contact (hybrid) zones. Locations where multiple contact zones overlap can be used in comparative studies asking: what mechanisms maintain barriers; what is the origin of the genetic variation involved; and do differences in life history affect the nature of barriers? In a review of 23 marine species’ genetic divergence over a postglacial

    更新日期:2020-09-09
  • Quantifying Tropical Plant Diversity Requires an Integrated Technological Approach.
    Trends Ecol. Evol. (IF 14.764) Pub Date : 2020-09-07
    Frederick C Draper,Timothy R Baker,Christopher Baraloto,Jerome Chave,Flavia Costa,Roberta E Martin,R Toby Pennington,Alberto Vicentini,Gregory P Asner

    Tropical biomes are the most diverse plant communities on Earth, and quantifying this diversity at large spatial scales is vital for many purposes. As macroecological approaches proliferate, the taxonomic uncertainties in species occurrence data are easily neglected and can lead to spurious findings in downstream analyses. Here, we argue that technological approaches offer potential solutions, but

    更新日期:2020-09-08
  • Fire Seasonality Mechanisms Are Fundamental for Understanding Broader Fire Regime Effects.
    Trends Ecol. Evol. (IF 14.764) Pub Date : 2020-09-08
    Russell G Miller,Ryan Tangney,Neal J Enright,Joseph B Fontaine,David J Merritt,Mark K J Ooi,Katinka X Ruthrof,Ben P Miller

    更新日期:2020-09-08
  • Defining the Domestication Syndrome: Comment on Lord et al. 2020.
    Trends Ecol. Evol. (IF 14.764) Pub Date : 2020-09-08
    Dominic Wright,Rie Henriksen,Martin Johnsson

    更新日期:2020-09-08
  • Leveraging Motivations, Personality, and Sensory Cues for Vertebrate Pest Management.
    Trends Ecol. Evol. (IF 14.764) Pub Date : 2020-09-06
    Patrick M Garvey,Peter B Banks,Justin P Suraci,Thomas W Bodey,Alistair S Glen,Chris J Jones,Clare McArthur,Grant L Norbury,Catherine J Price,James C Russell,Andrew Sih

    Managing vertebrate pests is a global conservation challenge given their undesirable socio-ecological impacts. Pest management often focuses on the ‘average’ individual, neglecting individual-level behavioural variation (‘personalities’) and differences in life histories. These differences affect pest impacts and modify attraction to, or avoidance of, sensory cues. Strategies targeting the average

    更新日期:2020-09-07
  • Functional Genomics Offers New Tests of Speciation Hypotheses.
    Trends Ecol. Evol. (IF 14.764) Pub Date : 2020-08-29
    David P Hopkins,Venera I Tyukmaeva,Zach Gompert,Jeff Feder,Patrik Nosil

    Speciation is a fundamental process shaping biodiversity. However, existing empirical methods often cannot provide key genetic and functional details required to validate speciation theory. New gene modification technologies can verify the causal functionality of genes with astonishing accuracy, helping resolve questions about how reproductive isolation evolves during speciation.

    更新日期:2020-08-30
  • On the Perils of Ignoring Evolution in Networks.
    Trends Ecol. Evol. (IF 14.764) Pub Date : 2020-08-24
    Simon T Segar,Tom M Fayle,Diane S Srivastava,Thomas M Lewinsohn,Owen T Lewis,Vojtech Novotny,Roger L Kitching,Sarah C Maunsell

    更新日期:2020-08-24
  • Evolution of Cellular Differentiation: From Hypotheses to Models.
    Trends Ecol. Evol. (IF 14.764) Pub Date : 2020-08-20
    Pedro Márquez-Zacarías,Rozenn M Pineau,Marcella Gomez,Alan Veliz-Cuba,David Murrugarra,William C Ratcliff,Karl J Niklas

    Cellular differentiation is one of the hallmarks of complex multicellularity, allowing individual organisms to capitalize on among-cell functional diversity. The evolution of multicellularity is a major evolutionary transition that allowed for the increase of organismal complexity in multiple lineages, a process that relies on the functional integration of cell-types within an individual. Multiple

    更新日期:2020-08-21
  • Promoting Individual and Collective Creativity in Science Students.
    Trends Ecol. Evol. (IF 14.764) Pub Date : 2020-06-21
    Isabel Reche,Francisco Perfectti

    Creativity is a scientific skill necessary to develop a successful research career. We expose the importance of a growth mindset, divergent, lateral, and associative thinking, serendipity, and being part of a nonhierarchical and diverse research team to improve both individual and collective creativity.

    更新日期:2020-08-18
  • Reframing the Wilderness Concept can Bolster Collaborative Conservation.
    Trends Ecol. Evol. (IF 14.764) Pub Date : 2020-07-28
    Álvaro Fernández-Llamazares,Julien Terraube,Michael C Gavin,Aili Pyhälä,Sacha M O Siani,Mar Cabeza,Eduardo S Brondizio

    Indigenous territories represent ~45% of land categorized as wilderness in the Amazon, but account for <15% of all forest loss on this land. At a time when the Amazon faces unprecedented pressures, overcoming polarization and aligning the goals of wilderness defenders and Indigenous peoples is paramount, to avoid environmental degradation.

    更新日期:2020-08-18
  • After the Megafires: What Next for Australian Wildlife?
    Trends Ecol. Evol. (IF 14.764) Pub Date : 2020-07-14
    Brendan A Wintle,Sarah Legge,John C Z Woinarski

    The 2019–2020 megafires in Australia brought a tragic loss of human life and the most dramatic loss of habitat for threatened species and devastation of ecological communities in postcolonial history. What must be done now to keep impacted species from extinction? What can be done to avoid a repeat of the impacts of such devastating bushfires? Here, we describe hard-won lessons that may also be of

    更新日期:2020-08-18
  • Valuing Ecosystem Services Can Help to Save Seabirds.
    Trends Ecol. Evol. (IF 14.764) Pub Date : 2020-08-06
    Daniel Plazas-Jiménez,Marcus V Cianciaruso

    Biodiversity provides crucial but overlooked contributions to human wellbeing. One way to call attention to these contributions is to monetise them. We have estimated that the value of seabird nutrient deposition could be up to US$473.83 million annually. This figure should increase awareness of the importance of seabird conservation.

    更新日期:2020-08-18
  • The Neglected Belowground Dimension of Plant Dominance.
    Trends Ecol. Evol. (IF 14.764) Pub Date : 2020-07-07
    Gianluigi Ottaviani,Rafael Molina-Venegas,Tristan Charles-Dominique,Stefano Chelli,Giandiego Campetella,Roberto Canullo,Jitka Klimešová

    Dominants are key species that shape ecosystem functioning. Plant dominance is typically assessed on aboveground features. However, belowground, individual species may not scale proportionally in relation to their aboveground dimension. This is especially important in ecosystems where most biomass is allocated belowground, including grassy and shrubby biomes.

    更新日期:2020-08-18
  • The Net Effect of Functional Traits on Fitness.
    Trends Ecol. Evol. (IF 14.764) Pub Date : 2020-08-14
    Daniel C Laughlin,Jennifer R Gremer,Peter B Adler,Rachel M Mitchell,Margaret M Moore

    Generalizing the effect of traits on performance across species may be achievable if traits explain variation in population fitness. However, testing relationships between traits and vital rates to infer effects on fitness can be misleading. Demographic trade-offs can generate variation in vital rates that yield equal population growth rates, thereby obscuring the net effect of traits on fitness. To

    更新日期:2020-08-14
  • Confronting the Modern Gordian Knot of Urban Beekeeping.
    Trends Ecol. Evol. (IF 14.764) Pub Date : 2020-08-14
    Monika Egerer,Ingo Kowarik

    With insect population declines, cities are important habitats for wild pollinators. Urban beekeeping is an increasingly popular activity, yet honeybees present important risks to wild insect pollinators in cities. We argue for new, scientifically evidenced urban pollinator strategies to simultaneously enhance the benefits of urban beekeeping while protecting wild pollinators.

    更新日期:2020-08-14
  • Herbivore Impacts on Carbon Cycling in Boreal Forests.
    Trends Ecol. Evol. (IF 14.764) Pub Date : 2020-08-12
    Shawn J Leroux,Yolanda F Wiersma,Eric Vander Wal

    Large herbivores can have substantial effects on carbon (C) cycling, yet these animals are often overlooked in C budgets. Zoogeochemical effects may be particularly important in boreal forests, where diverse human activities are facilitating the expansion of large herbivore populations. Here, we argue that considering trophic dynamics is necessary to understand spatiotemporal variability in boreal

    更新日期:2020-08-14
  • Reinoculation of Ideas about the Benefits of Copulation: Reply to Rowe et al.
    Trends Ecol. Evol. (IF 14.764) Pub Date : 2020-08-13
    Michael P Lombardo,Patrick A Thorpe,Harry W Power

    更新日期:2020-08-13
  • Identifying Microbiome-Mediated Behaviour in Wild Vertebrates.
    Trends Ecol. Evol. (IF 14.764) Pub Date : 2020-07-28
    Gabrielle L Davidson,Aura Raulo,Sarah C L Knowles

    Recent research in laboratory animals has illuminated how the vertebrate gut microbiome can have diverse and powerful effects on the brain and behaviour. However, the ecological relevance of this microbiome–gut–brain (MGB) axis outside the laboratory remains unexplored. Here we argue that understanding behavioural and cognitive effects of the gut microbiome in natural populations is an important goal

    更新日期:2020-07-28
  • The Power of Infochemicals in Mediating Individualized Niches.
    Trends Ecol. Evol. (IF 14.764) Pub Date : 2020-07-26
    Caroline Müller,Barbara A Caspers,Jürgen Gadau,Sylvia Kaiser

    Infochemicals, including hormones, pheromones, and allelochemicals, play a central role in mediating information and shaping interactions within and between individuals. Due to their high plasticity, infochemicals are predestined mediators in facilitating individualized niches of organisms. Only recently it has become clear that individual differences are essential to understand how and why individuals

    更新日期:2020-07-26
  • Stronger Evidence Needed for Global Fire Season Effects.
    Trends Ecol. Evol. (IF 14.764) Pub Date : 2020-07-20
    Jennifer M Fill,Raelene M Crandall

    更新日期:2020-07-20
  • Invasion Science and the Global Spread of SARS-CoV-2.
    Trends Ecol. Evol. (IF 14.764) Pub Date : 2020-05-19
    Martin A Nuñez,Anibal Pauchard,Anthony Ricciardi

    Emerging infectious diseases, such as coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), are driven by ecological and socioeconomic factors, and their rapid spread and devastating impacts mirror those of invasive species. Collaborations between biomedical researchers and ecologists, heretofore rare, are vital to limiting future outbreaks. Enhancing the crossdisciplinary framework offered by invasion science could

    更新日期:2020-07-14
  • Photic Barriers to Poleward Range-shifts.
    Trends Ecol. Evol. (IF 14.764) Pub Date : 2020-05-27
    Nicholas Per Huffeldt

    With climate warming, organisms are shifting their ranges towards the poles, tracking their optimal thermal environments. Day-length, the driver of daily and annual timing, is, however, fixed by latitude and date. Timing and photoreception mechanisms adapted to ancestral photic environments may restrict range-shift capacity, resulting in photic barriers to range-shifts.

    更新日期:2020-07-14
  • Standardizing Ecosystem Morphological Traits from 3D Information Sources.
    Trends Ecol. Evol. (IF 14.764) Pub Date : 2020-05-15
    R Valbuena,B O'Connor,F Zellweger,W Simonson,P Vihervaara,M Maltamo,C A Silva,D R A Almeida,F Danks,F Morsdorf,G Chirici,R Lucas,D A Coomes,N C Coops

    3D-imaging technologies provide measurements of terrestrial and aquatic ecosystems’ structure, key for biodiversity studies. However, the practical use of these observations globally faces practical challenges. First, available 3D data are geographically biased, with significant gaps in the tropics. Second, no data source provides, by itself, global coverage at a suitable temporal recurrence. Thus

    更新日期:2020-07-14
  • Pulse Heat Stress and Parasitism in a Warming World.
    Trends Ecol. Evol. (IF 14.764) Pub Date : 2020-05-18
    Danielle C Claar,Chelsea L Wood

    Infectious disease outbreaks emerged across the globe during the recent 2015–2016 El Niño event, re-igniting research interest in how climate events influence disease dynamics. While the relationship between long-term warming and the transmission of disease-causing parasites has received substantial attention, we do not yet know how pulse heat events – common phenomena in a warming world – will alter

    更新日期:2020-07-14
  • Plant Secondary Compounds in Soil and Their Role in Belowground Species Interactions.
    Trends Ecol. Evol. (IF 14.764) Pub Date : 2020-05-12
    Bodil K Ehlers,Matty P Berg,Michael Staudt,Martin Holmstrup,Marianne Glasius,Jacintha Ellers,Sara Tomiolo,René B Madsen,Stine Slotsbo,Josep Penuelas

    Knowledge of the effect of plant secondary compounds (PSCs) on belowground interactions in the more diffuse community of species living outside the rhizosphere is sparse compared with what we know about how PSCs affect aboveground interactions. We illustrate here that PSCs from foliar tissue, root exudates, and leaf litter effectively influence such belowground plant–plant, plant–microorganism, and

    更新日期:2020-07-14
  • Disease-mediated ecosystem services: Pathogens, plants, and people.
    Trends Ecol. Evol. (IF 14.764) Pub Date : 2020-06-15
    Rachel E Paseka,Lauren A White,Dedmer B Van de Waal,Alex T Strauss,Angélica L González,Rebecca A Everett,Angela Peace,Eric W Seabloom,Thijs Frenken,Elizabeth T Borer

    Despite the ubiquity of pathogens in ecological systems, their roles in influencing ecosystem services are often overlooked. Pathogens that infect primary producers (i.e., plants, algae, cyanobacteria) can have particularly strong effects because autotrophs are responsible for a wide range of provisioning, regulating, and cultural services. We review the roles of pathogens in mediating ecosystem services

    更新日期:2020-07-14
  • 更新日期:2020-07-13
  • Intraspecific Adaptation Load: A Mechanism for Species Coexistence.
    Trends Ecol. Evol. (IF 14.764) Pub Date : 2020-07-13
    Masato Yamamichi,Daisuke Kyogoku,Ryosuke Iritani,Kazuya Kobayashi,Yuma Takahashi,Kaori Tsurui-Sato,Akira Yamawo,Shigeto Dobata,Kazuki Tsuji,Michio Kondoh

    Evolutionary ecological theory suggests that selection arising from interactions with conspecifics, such as sexual and kin selection, may result in evolution of intraspecific conflicts and evolutionary ‘tragedy of the commons’. Here, we propose that such an evolution of conspecific conflicts may affect population dynamics in a way that enhances species coexistence. Empirical evidence and theoretical

    更新日期:2020-07-13
  • Biodiversity Conservation and the Earth System: Mind the Gap.
    Trends Ecol. Evol. (IF 14.764) Pub Date : 2020-07-07
    Ken Norris,Andrew Terry,James P Hansford,Samuel T Turvey

    One of the most striking human impacts on global biodiversity is the ongoing depletion of large vertebrates from terrestrial and aquatic ecosystems. Recent work suggests this loss of megafauna can affect processes at biome or Earth system scales with potentially serious impacts on ecosystem structure and function, ecosystem services, and biogeochemical cycles. We argue that our contemporary approach

    更新日期:2020-07-07
  • Plant Trait Networks: Improved Resolution of the Dimensionality of Adaptation.
    Trends Ecol. Evol. (IF 14.764) Pub Date : 2020-06-25
    Nianpeng He,Ying Li,Congcong Liu,Li Xu,Mingxu Li,Jiahui Zhang,Jinsheng He,Zhiyao Tang,Xingguo Han,Qing Ye,Chunwang Xiao,Qiang Yu,Shirong Liu,Wei Sun,Shuli Niu,Shenggong Li,Lawren Sack,Guirui Yu

    Functional traits are frequently used to evaluate plant adaptation across environments. Yet, traits tend to have multiple functions and interactions, which cannot be accounted for in traditional correlation analyses. Plant trait networks (PTNs) clarify complex relationships among traits, enable the calculation of metrics for the topology of trait coordination and the importance of given traits in PTNs

    更新日期:2020-06-25
  • Living Litter: Dynamic Trait Spectra Predict Fauna Composition.
    Trends Ecol. Evol. (IF 14.764) Pub Date : 2020-06-07
    Saori Fujii,Matty P Berg,Johannes H C Cornelissen

    Understanding what drives soil fauna species composition through space and time is crucial because we should preserve soil fauna biodiversity and its key role in ecosystem functioning in this era of fast environmental change. As plant leaf litter provides both food and habitat for soil fauna, a focus on litter traits that relate to these two functions will help in understanding soil invertebrate community

    更新日期:2020-06-07
  • Reply to Zeder and Trut et al.: An Attractive Hypothesis in Need of Evidence.
    Trends Ecol. Evol. (IF 14.764) Pub Date : 2020-06-06
    Kathryn A Lord,Greger Larson,Elinor K Karlsson

    更新日期:2020-06-06
  • Does Plasticity Trade Off With Basal Heat Tolerance?
    Trends Ecol. Evol. (IF 14.764) Pub Date : 2020-06-05
    Belinda van Heerwaarden,Vanessa Kellermann

    Studies suggest that many species are already living close to their upper physiological thermal limits. Phenotypic plasticity is thought to be an important mechanism for species to counter rapid environmental change, yet the extent to which plastic responses may buffer projected climate change – and what limits the evolution of plasticity – is still unclear. The tolerance–plasticity trade-off hypothesis

    更新日期:2020-06-05
  • COVID-19, Health, Conservation, and Shared Wellbeing: Details Matter.
    Trends Ecol. Evol. (IF 14.764) Pub Date : 2020-06-04
    Robert A Montgomery,David W Macdonald

    Many have stridently recommended banning markets like the one where coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) originally spread. We highlight that millions of people around the world depend on markets for subsistence and the diverse use of animals globally defies uniform bans. We argue that the immediate and fair priority is critical scrutiny of wildlife trade.

    更新日期:2020-06-04
  • Multilevel Organisation of Animal Sociality.
    Trends Ecol. Evol. (IF 14.764) Pub Date : 2020-05-27
    Cyril C Grueter,Xiaoguang Qi,Dietmar Zinner,Thore Bergman,Ming Li,Zuofu Xiang,Pingfen Zhu,Andrea Bamberg Migliano,Alex Miller,Michael Krützen,Julia Fischer,Daniel I Rubenstein,T N C Vidya,Baoguo Li,Maurício Cantor,Larissa Swedell

    Multilevel societies (MLSs), stable nuclear social units within a larger collective encompassing multiple nested social levels, occur in several mammalian lineages. Their architectural complexity and size impose specific demands on their members requiring adaptive solutions in multiple domains. The functional significance of MLSs lies in their members being equipped to reap the benefits of multiple

    更新日期:2020-05-27
  • Taking the Animals' Perspective Regarding Anthropogenic Underwater Sound.
    Trends Ecol. Evol. (IF 14.764) Pub Date : 2020-05-25
    Arthur N Popper,Anthony D Hawkins,Frank Thomsen

    Anthropogenic (man-made) sound has the potential to harm marine biota. Increasing concerns about these effects have led to regulation and mitigation, despite there being few data on which to base environmental management, especially for fishes and invertebrates. We argue that regulation and mitigation should always be developed by looking at potential effects from the perspectives of the animals and

    更新日期:2020-05-25
  • You're Just My Type: Mate Choice and Behavioral Types.
    Trends Ecol. Evol. (IF 14.764) Pub Date : 2020-05-22
    Amelia A Munson,Cameron Jones,Hannes Schraft,Andrew Sih

    Consistent individual differences in behavior [i.e., behavioral types (BTs)], are common across the animal kingdom. Consistency can make behavior an adaptive trait for mate choice decisions. Here, we present a conceptual framework to explain how and why females might evaluate a male’s BT before mating. Because BTs are consistent across time or context, a male’s BT can be a reliable indicator of his

    更新日期:2020-05-22
  • The Importance of Genetic Redundancy in Evolution.
    Trends Ecol. Evol. (IF 14.764) Pub Date : 2020-05-18
    Áki J Láruson,Sam Yeaman,Katie E Lotterhos

    Genetic redundancy has been defined in many different ways at different levels of biological organization. Here, we briefly review the general concept of redundancy and focus on the evolutionary importance of redundancy in terms of the number of genotypes that give rise to the same phenotype. We discuss the challenges in determining redundancy empirically, with published experimental examples, and

    更新日期:2020-05-18
  • Analogies for a No-Analog World: Tackling Uncertainties in Reintroduction Planning.
    Trends Ecol. Evol. (IF 14.764) Pub Date : 2020-05-13
    ElizabethS Forbes,Peter S Alagona,Andrea J Adams,Sarah E Anderson,Kevin C Brown,Jolie Colby,Scott D Cooper,Sean M Denny,Elizabeth H T Hiroyasu,Robert Heilmayr,Bruce E Kendall,Jennifer A Martin,Molly Hardesty-Moore,Alexis M Mychajliw,Brian P Tyrrell,Zoë S Welch

    Species reintroductions involve considerable uncertainty, especially in highly altered landscapes. Historical, geographic, and taxonomic analogies can help reduce this uncertainty by enabling conservationists to better assess habitat suitability in proposed reintroduction sites. We illustrate this approach using the example of the California grizzly, an iconic species proposed for reintroduction.

    更新日期:2020-05-13
  • Ecological Networks: Response to Segar et al.
    Trends Ecol. Evol. (IF 14.764) Pub Date : 2020-05-11
    Mark Sagoff

    更新日期:2020-05-11
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