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  • Vegetative spread is key to applied nucleation success in non‐native dominated grasslands
    Restor Ecol (IF 2.721) Pub Date : 2020-11-24
    Karen D. Holl; Josephine C. Lesage; Tianjiao Adams; Jack Rusk; Richard D. Schreiber; Mickie Tang

    Applied nucleation (i.e., planting vegetation patches) is a restoration strategy that better recreates natural ecosystem heterogeneity and requires fewer resources compared to planting the entire area. Whereas applied nucleation shows promise as a forest restoration strategy, this approach has received little study in grassland restoration, where the spread of planted vegetation nuclei may be impeded

  • Nitrate reduction capacity is limited by belowground plant recovery in a 32‐year‐old created salt marsh
    Restor Ecol (IF 2.721) Pub Date : 2020-10-09
    Corianne Tatariw; Behzad Mortazavi; Taylor C. Ledford; Sommer F. Starr; Erin Smyth; Abigail Griffin Wood; Loraé T. Simpson; Julia A. Cherry

    Human activities have decreased global salt marsh surface area with a subsequent loss in the ecosystem functions they provide. The creation of marshes in terrestrial systems has been used to mitigate this loss in marsh cover. Although these constructed marshes may rapidly recover ecosystem structure, biogeochemical processes may be slow to recover. We compared denitrification and dissimilatory nitrate

  • A dynamic modelling tool to anticipate the effectiveness of invasive plant control and restoration recovery trajectories in South African Fynbos
    Restor Ecol (IF 2.721) Pub Date : 2020-11-22
    Stuart A. Hall; Rita Bastos; Joana Vicente; Ana Sofia Vaz; João P. Honrado; Patricia M. Holmes; Mirijam Gaertner; Karen J. Esler; João Alexandre Cabral

    Invasive alien plants negatively impact ecosystems, necessitating intricate management actions. In a critically endangered vegetation type within the fynbos biome of South Africa, a study was performed comparing different management interventions over plots invaded by Acacia saligna. A dynamic modelling approach was designed to analyze field data and simulate effectiveness of several restoration methods

  • Food web models reveal potential ecosystem effects of seagrass recovery in the northern Wadden Sea
    Restor Ecol (IF 2.721) Pub Date : 2020-11-22
    Sabine Horn; Marta Coll; Harald Asmus; Tobias Dolch

    In contrast to the global trend, seagrass beds have recovered in size and density in the northern part of the European Wadden Sea, but ecosystem effects of seagrass recovery and the impacts to ecosystem services are largely unknown. We used temporal‐dynamic food web modeling Ecopath with Ecosim to assess potential ecosystem effects of seagrass recovery in the semi‐enclosed Sylt‐Rømø Bight at the German‐Danish

  • Future trajectories of change for an Arctic deep‐sea ecosystem connected to coastal kelp forests
    Restor Ecol (IF 2.721) Pub Date : 2020-11-22
    Daniel Vilas; Marta Coll; Torstein Pedersen; Xavier Corrales; Karen Filbee‐Dexter; Thomas Wernberg

    Environmental stressors related to climate change and other anthropogenic activities are impacting Arctic marine ecosystems at exceptional rates. Within this context, predicting future scenarios of deep‐sea ecosystems and their consequences linked with the fate of coastal areas is a growing need and challenge. We used an existing food‐web model developed to represent the outer basin of the Malangen

  • A comparison of plant communities in restored, old field, and remnant coastal prairies
    Restor Ecol (IF 2.721) Pub Date : 2020-11-22
    Laura C. Feher; Larry K. Allain; Michael J. Osland; Elisabeth Pigott; Christopher Reid; Nicholas Latiolais

    Temperate grasslands are experiencing worldwide declines due to habitat conversion. Grassland restoration efforts are employed to compensate for these losses. However, there is a need to better understand the ecological effects of grassland restoration and management practices. We investigated the effects of three different grassland management regimes on plant communities of coastal prairie ecosystems

  • Enhancing bird diversity via species differential analysis at the Haizhu National Wetland Park in Guangzhou, China: A case study
    Restor Ecol (IF 2.721) Pub Date : 2020-11-22
    Xiaoshan Fang; Renzi Wu; Yongjun Feng; Yuanxin Huang; Shuang Liu; Li Yuan; Jincheng Liu; Xiaojun Niu; Xiangchun Wang; Huijian Hu

    The Haizhu National Wetland Park (HNWP) is the only national wetland park in a central megalopolis area in China. It was established to restore and conserve a damaged composite wetland ecosystem comprising urban rivers, inner lakes, and semi‐natural forests with fruit trees in central Guangzhou. In 2013, our survey at HNWP revealed that the bird diversity was poor, which indirectly reflected the low

  • Plant–soil feedbacks and the introduction of Castanea (chestnut) hybrids to eastern North American forests
    Restor Ecol (IF 2.721) Pub Date : 2020-11-22
    Erin M. Coughlin; Richard P. Shefferson; Stacy L. Clark; Nina Wurzburger

    The reintroduction of disease‐resistant hybrids is a commonly proposed solution to the introduction of pathogens and pests that weaken or eliminate native plant species. Plant interactions with soil biota result in plant–soil feedbacks (PSFs), which have consequences for individual plant growth and survival as well as broader community‐level processes, such as species diversity and coexistence. Because

  • Challenging our understanding of western Yellow‐billed Cuckoo habitat needs and accepted management practices
    Restor Ecol (IF 2.721) Pub Date : 2020-11-22
    Patti J. Wohner; Stephen A. Laymon; Jenna E. Stanek; Sammy L. King; Robert J. Cooper

    Riparian restoration in the southwestern United States frequently involves planting cottonwood (Populus spp.) and willow (Salix spp.). In the absence of flooding and gap‐forming disturbance, planted forests often senesce without further young tree recruitment. This has largely been the case in California riparian systems that historically supported state endangered western Yellow‐billed Cuckoo (Coccyzus

  • Restoration of southern hemisphere beech (Nothofagaceae) forests: a meta‐analysis
    Restor Ecol (IF 2.721) Pub Date : 2020-11-22
    Laura G. van Galen; Janice M. Lord; David A. Orlovich; Matthew J. Larcombe

    Nothofagus (southern beech) species form a major component of southern hemisphere forests, and in many regions are becoming an important focus for restoration efforts. However, restoration projects are predominantly carried out at small, local scales using a wide range of different techniques that have produced mixed results. In order to improve outcomes and develop general strategies for southern

  • Small mammal responses to wetland restoration in the Greater Everglades ecosystem
    Restor Ecol (IF 2.721) Pub Date : 2020-11-22
    Stephanie S. Romañach; Laura E. D’Acunto; Julia P. Chapman; Matthew R. Hanson

    Wetlands have experienced dramatic losses in extent around the world, disrupting ecosystem function, habitat, and biodiversity. In Florida’s Greater Everglades, a massive restoration effort costing billions of dollars and spanning multiple decades is underway. As Everglades restoration is implemented in incremental projects, scientists and planners monitor the outcomes of projects. In this study, we

  • Do nest boxes breed the target species or its competitors? A case study of a critically endangered bird.
    Restor Ecol (IF 2.721) Pub Date : 2020-11-21
    Dejan Stojanovic; Giselle Owens; Catherine Young; Fernanda Alves; Robert Heinsohn

    Nest boxes are widely used for habitat restoration. Unfortunately, competitors of the target species may exploit nest boxes, creating perverse outcomes. Avoiding habitats preferred by non‐target species, while favoring those of the target species, requires an adaptive management approach if limited information about species preferences is available when deploying boxes. Using nest boxes intended for

  • Considering the use of subadult and juvenile mussels for mussel reef restoration
    Restor Ecol (IF 2.721) Pub Date : 2020-11-21
    Al Alder; Andrew Jeffs; Jenny R. Hillman

    Widespread resource extraction and habitat degradation have severely reduced functionally‐important subtidal mussel reefs globally. While methods for restoring oyster reefs are becoming increasingly well‐established, the development of techniques for the effective restoration of mussel reefs remain in their infancy and face biological and logistical challenges. This study investigated the potential

  • Herbicide Protection Pod Technology for Native Plant Restoration: One size may not fit all
    Restor Ecol (IF 2.721) Pub Date : 2020-11-21
    Owen W. Baughman; Jessica Griffen; Jay Kerby; Kirk W. Davies; Danielle Clenet; Chad Boyd

    Pre‐emergent herbicides are frequently used to control exotic annual plants prior to seed‐based restoration, but seeding must generally wait until herbicide toxicity has waned. The emerging seed‐enhancement technology of herbicide protection pods (HPP) allows for simultaneous seeding and herbicide application by protecting desirable seeds inside pods or pellets containing activated carbon, allowing

  • Ecological succession in areas degraded by bauxite mining indicates successful use of topsoil
    Restor Ecol (IF 2.721) Pub Date : 2020-10-26
    Cecilia M. G. Onésimo; Diego D. Dias; Marina Vale Beirão; Alessandra R. Kozovits; Maria Cristina T. B. Messias

    Brazilian ironstone outcrops (cangas) are nutrient‐poor stressful habitat dominated by slow‐growing woody species with high biodiversity and unique evolutionary history. Mining has produced great impacts on this ecosystem. Spontaneous regeneration of abandoned canga mined areas has not been observed. One of the active methods most widely used for ecological restoration in environments where soil has

  • A research agenda for the restoration of tropical and subtropical grasslands and savannas
    Restor Ecol (IF 2.721) Pub Date : 2020-10-08
    Elise Buisson; Alessandra Fidelis; Gerhard E. Overbeck; Isabel B. Schmidt; Giselda Durigan; Truman P. Young; Swanni T. Alvarado; André J. Arruda; Sylvain Boisson; William Bond; André Coutinho; Kevin Kirkman; Rafael S. Oliveira; Melissa H. Schmitt; Frances Siebert; Stefan J. Siebert; Dave I. Thompson; Fernando A. O. Silveira

    Despite growing recognition of the conservation value of grassy biomes, our understanding of how to restore biodiverse tropical and subtropical grassy biomes (grasslands and savannas; TGB) remains limited. Several tools have recently been identified for TGB restoration, including prescribed fires, appropriate management of livestock and wild herbivores, tree cutting and shrub removal, invasive species

  • Aquatic invertebrate assemblages as potential indicators of restoration conditions in wetlands of Northeastern China
    Restor Ecol (IF 2.721) Pub Date : 2020-09-14
    Kangle Lu; Haitao Wu; Qiang Guan; Xianguo Lu

    Wetland restoration has been implemented widely but evaluation of the effectiveness of wetland restoration has been limited. In this study, we aimed to investigate the utility of aquatic invertebrate assemblages as potential indicators of restoration condition in wetlands of the Sanjiang Plain, Northeastern China. Results from non‐metric multidimensional scaling analysis of invertebrate assemblages

  • Exploiting fruits of a threatened palm to trigger restoration of Brazil's Atlantic Forest
    Restor Ecol (IF 2.721) Pub Date : 2020-10-09
    Germano de Freitas Chagas; Carl F. Salk; Edson J. Vidal; Saulo E. X. F. de Souza; Pedro H. S. Brancalion

    Recent global commitments to forest and landscape restoration in the tropics call for new management approaches that benefit both biodiversity and livelihoods of forest‐dependent people. The sustainable use of wild forest products is a promising pathway, but requires clarity about harvested species' demography and harvesters' rights. Here, we explored how the exploitation of fruits of the threatened

  • Outplanting optimized: developing a more efficient coral attachment technique using Portland cement
    Restor Ecol (IF 2.721) Pub Date : 2020-10-09
    Joseph D. Unsworth; Dalton Hesley; Martine D'Alessandro; Diego Lirman

    Coral reefs are among the most valuable and vulnerable ecosystems on Earth. Their decline has spurred global interest in efforts to augment native coral populations through coral gardening. As these efforts expand, practitioners are constantly looking for new techniques to reduce costs and increase their restoration footprint. However, commonly employed coral attachment methods limit the numbers of

  • Differences in stakeholder perceptions about native forest: implications for developing a restoration program
    Restor Ecol (IF 2.721) Pub Date : 2020-10-09
    Jessica A. Castillo; Cecilia Smith‐Ramírez; Vivianne Claramunt

    Ecological restoration is a global priority. Incorporating stakeholders' perceptions has been established as a critical factor to improve the success of restoration and conservation initiatives and decrease future social conflicts; however, it has barely been incorporated. Our objective was to analyze and compare the differences in the perceptions of Chilean dryland forest restoration of three groups:

  • Population colonization of introduced trochus (Gastropoda) on coral reefs in Samoa
    Restor Ecol (IF 2.721) Pub Date : 2020-10-28
    Steven W. Purcell; Daniela M. Ceccarelli

    Shellfish have been introduced to countries beyond their native distributions in order to develop new fisheries, but the success of such translocations has been variable. In 2003 and 2006, adult trochus (Rochia nilotica), a herbivorous coral reef gastropod, were translocated from Fiji and Vanuatu to Samoa. This translocation extended their natural range and created a new fishery in Samoa. In 2018,

  • Exploring the potential of using priority effects during ecological restoration to resist biological invasions in the neotropics
    Restor Ecol (IF 2.721) Pub Date : 2020-10-09
    Emanuela W. A. Weidlich; Michele de Sá de Dechoum

    Manipulating plant order of arrival, a process that creates priority effects, may be an unexplored powerful tool to hinder the establishment of invasive non‐native plants in sites under restoration. Knowledge and experimental studies on priority effects in the neotropics are scarce. Here, we propose a research agenda that investigates whether manipulating plant order of arrival can create priority

  • Revegetation to slow buckthorn reinvasion: strengths and limits of evaluating management techniques retrospectively
    Restor Ecol (IF 2.721) Pub Date : 2020-09-22
    Peter D. Wragg; Michael J. Schuster; Alexander M. Roth; Paul Bockenstedt; Lee E. Frelich; Peter B. Reich

    Understanding the long‐term success of ecosystem restoration following invasive plant removal is challenging. Long‐term experiments are costly and slow to yield results, while management decisions must often be made immediately. Alternatively, retrospective studies can leverage contrasting historical management strategies to provide insight into long‐term vegetation responses. We used a retrospective

  • Super‐abundant C4 grasses are a mixed blessing in restored prairies
    Restor Ecol (IF 2.721) Pub Date : 2020-09-07
    Emily Grman; Chad R. Zirbel; Jonathan T. Bauer; Anna M. Groves; Tyler Bassett; Lars A. Brudvig

    Forbs comprise most of the plant diversity in North American tallgrass prairie and provide vital ecosystem services, but their abundance in prairie restorations is highly variable. Restoration practitioners typically sow C4 grasses in high abundances because they are inexpensive, provide fuel for prescribed fires, can dominate reference sites, and suppress weeds that suppress sown forbs. However, C4

  • Restoration of retired agricultural land to wetland mitigates greenhouse gas emissions
    Restor Ecol (IF 2.721) Pub Date : 2020-11-06
    Nia N. Bartolucci; Todd R. Anderson; Kate A. Ballantine

    Retired farmland restoration is increasingly seen as a valuable opportunity to improve ecosystem functions in sensitive regions. For example, with expected mass retirement of cranberry farms in New England, there is increasing interest in restoring retired cranberry farms back to wetlands. To understand how restoration of retired cranberry farms to wetland ecosystems influences climate related ecosystem

  • Bird functional diversity in restored and secondary forests of the Colombian Andes
    Restor Ecol (IF 2.721) Pub Date : 2020-11-06
    Juan F. Betancurt‐Grisales; Angela M. Vargas‐Daza; Gabriel J. Castaño‐Villa; Fabiola Ospina‐Bautista

    Forest plantations may have detrimental effects on biodiversity. However, these plantations are widely used to restore degraded habitats, yet their contribution to restoring functional diversity remains largely unknown. We assessed vegetation structure, resource availability and bird abundance, as well as bird morphological, behavioral, life history and functional diversity in ~35‐year‐old monospecific

  • Are large census‐sized populations always the best sources for plant translocations?
    Restor Ecol (IF 2.721) Pub Date : 2020-11-06
    Fabienne Van Rossum; Antoine Destombes; Olivier Raspé

    Assisted gene flow by plant translocations is a solution for restoring populations when other measures were unsuccessful. An essential step for preparing the translocations is the selection of populations as seed sources, which should be large, genetically diverse and produce good quality seeds. For asexually propagating species, census population size may largely exceed the number of genotypes, which

  • Priority effects and ecological restoration
    Restor Ecol (IF 2.721) Pub Date : 2020-11-06
    Emanuela W. A. Weidlich; Cara R. Nelson; John L. Maron; Ragan M. Callaway; Benjamin M. Delory; Vicky M. Temperton

    Priority effects refer to the order or timing of species arrival, including how species that arrive early at a site either positively or negatively affect establishment, growth, or reproduction of species that arrive later. Despite the clear implications of priority effects for ecological restoration, there have been no reviews of how and where priority effects have been studied and the extent to which

  • Do plant‐herbivore interactions persist in assisted migration plantings?
    Restor Ecol (IF 2.721) Pub Date : 2020-11-06
    Tarin Toledo‐Aceves; Ek del‐Val

    Biotic interactions are expected to be impacted by rising temperatures due to climate change, particularly in climate‐threatened ecosystems such as the tropical montane cloud forest (TMCF). In assisted migration plantings, novel interactions between previously non‐overlapping species may emerge while other interactions may disappear. However, these processes require study. Herbivory is particularly

  • Direct seeding to restore tropical seasonal forests: effects of green manure and hydrogel amendment on tree species performances and weed infestation
    Restor Ecol (IF 2.721) Pub Date : 2020-08-30
    Diego C. de Souza; Vera L. Engel; Elder C. de Mattos

    Although direct tree seeding may be a potentially useful restoration practice, many biotic and abiotic barriers prevent seedling emergence and early development, reducing its success and applicability. To overcome these barriers, we undertook a field experiment to test the effects of using green manure and hydrogel alone, or in combination, on seedling performances of 14 native tree species that were

  • Stimulating post‐COVID‐19 green recovery by investing in ecological restoration
    Restor Ecol (IF 2.721) Pub Date : 2020-10-09
    Nicolas Mansuy

    In the face of the global COVID‐19 recession, countries are looking at stimulus packages to kick‐start their stalled economies. The recovery from the COVID‐19 crisis also coincides with a critical opportunity to fight against ecosystem degradation and climate change. In this opinion article, I put in perspective that by investing in ecological restoration, governments do not have to choose between

  • Using the past to manage the future: the role of palaeoecological and long‐term data in ecological restoration
    Restor Ecol (IF 2.721) Pub Date : 2020-09-16
    Saúl Manzano; Adele C. M. Julier; Cherie J. Dirk; Andriantsilavo H. I. Razafimanantsoa; Igshaan Samuels; Hana Petersen; Peter Gell; M.Timm Hoffman; Lindsey Gillson

    Global change in its various expressions has impacted the structure and function of ecosystems worldwide, compromising the provision of fundamental ecosystem services and creating a predicament for the societies that benefit from them. Restoration ecology plays a key role in securing ecological integrity and societal well‐being, and hence represents a global priority. However, human perception seldom

  • Seed bank offers potential for active restoration of mountain meadows
    Restor Ecol (IF 2.721) Pub Date : 2020-10-28
    Kristin Ludewig; Wiebke Hansen; Yves P. Klinger; R. Lutz Eckstein; Annette Otte

    The nitrogen‐fixing legume Lupinus polyphyllus invaded semi‐natural mountainous grasslands across Europe during the last decades. This invasion resulted in degraded habitats through changes in the structure and function of the mountain meadow vegetation. In our study, we analyzed (1) the effects of increasing cover of L. polyphyllus on the seed bank of mountain meadows, and (2) the potential of the

  • Seed‐enhancement combinations improve germination and handling in two dominant native grass species
    Restor Ecol (IF 2.721) Pub Date : 2020-08-27
    Bianca Berto; Alison L. Ritchie; Todd E. Erickson

    The use of native grasses for both restoration and commercial purposes is becoming increasingly important globally. Many native grasses have limited success in seed‐based restoration (e.g. post‐mine rehabilitation) and commercial industries (e.g. agriculture) due to poor seed germination and handling. Seed‐enhancement technologies can assist in overcoming these barriers. This study aimed to use combinations

  • Promoting social and environmental justice to support Indigenous partnerships in urban ecosystem restoration
    Restor Ecol (IF 2.721) Pub Date : 2020-10-28
    Monique Mae Hall; Priscilla M. Wehi; Hēmi Whaanga; Erana T. Walker; Jonni Hazeline Koia; K. J. Wallace

    Urban ecological restoration typically employs western science approaches to restore degraded ecosystems. As yet, few restoration groups acknowledge the history of these degraded urban sites, despite connections, past and present, that root Indigenous Peoples (and others) in these lands. Here, we promote partnership with Indigenous communities from project inception, and present two successful case

  • Cavity Construction by Reintroduced Populations of Red‐cockaded Woodpeckers (Dryobates borealis)
    Restor Ecol (IF 2.721) Pub Date : 2020-10-28
    Robert T. Meyer; James A. Cox

    Although species reintroduction attempts are now common, monitoring of reintroduction attempts rarely extends beyond initial population establishment. This short timespan likely fails to document long‐term population stability, subtle changes in behavior, and the potentially larger effects that some reintroduced species may have on other species. The Red‐cockaded Woodpecker (RCW; Dryobates borealis)

  • Testing the effect of restoration‐focused silviculture on oak regeneration and groundlayer plant communities in urban‐exurban oak woodlands
    Restor Ecol (IF 2.721) Pub Date : 2020-10-28
    Jillian Pastick; Deborah Maurer; Robert T. Fahey

    Throughout their global range, oak dominated ecosystems have undergone state changes in stand structure and composition. Land managers face an especially acute challenge in restoring oak ecosystems and promoting oak regeneration in urban‐exurban areas, where high intensity silvicultural treatments are often not feasible. To investigate low intensity management alternatives which could be widely applied

  • Predator‐prey relationships within natural, restored, and created vernal pools
    Restor Ecol (IF 2.721) Pub Date : 2020-10-28
    Megan B. Rothenberger; Alison Baranovic

    We performed a multiyear monitoring study to compare amphibian habitat quality among four natural, four restored, and six created pools. We used successful reproduction and metamorphosis of two vernal pool indicator species, the wood frog and spotted salamander, to represent desired outcomes. Ordination techniques were used to identify the aspects of habitat quality that were most correlated with desired

  • Impacts of remotely sensed environmental drivers on coral outplant survival
    Restor Ecol (IF 2.721) Pub Date : 2020-10-28
    Shawna A. Foo; Gregory P. Asner

    Globally, coral reefs are degrading due to a variety of stressors including climate change and pollution. Active reef restoration is an important effort for sustaining reefs where, typically, coral fragments are outplanted onto degraded reefs. Coral outplants; however, can experience mortality in response to a range of stressors. We pair results of outplant monitoring observations with satellite‐based

  • Restoration of rapids habitat in a Great Lakes connecting channel, the St. Marys River, Michigan
    Restor Ecol (IF 2.721) Pub Date : 2020-10-28
    Alejandro Molina‐Moctezuma; Eric Ellis; Kevin L. Kapuscinski; Edward F. Roseman; Terry Heatlie; Ashley Moerke

    Aquatic habitat has been extensively altered throughout the Laurentian Great Lakes to increase navigation connectivity. In particular, the St. Marys River, a Great Lakes connecting channel, lost >50% of its historic rapids habitat over the past century. In 2016, natural flow was restored to the Little Rapids area of the St. Marys River. The goal of our study was to evaluate physical and ecological

    Restor Ecol (IF 2.721) Pub Date : 2020-10-27
    Terhi Alsila; Merja Elo; Tomi Hakkari; Janne S. Kotiaho

    Restoration of damaged ecosystems has become an important tool to slow down the biodiversity loss and to maintain ecosystem services. Peatland bird populations have shown a substantial decline during the recent decades in Northern Europe as a consequence of peatland drainage. We studied whether restoration of peatlands drained for forestry affects bird communities. We conducted bird surveys at 11 peatlands

  • Restoration of Cymodocea nodosa seagrass meadows: efficiency and ecological implications
    Restor Ecol (IF 2.721) Pub Date : 2020-10-26
    Zaira Da Ros; Cinzia Corinaldesi; Antonio Dell'Anno; Cristina Gambi; Fabrizio Torsani; Roberto Danovaro

    Seagrass meadows play a key role in the provisioning of ecosystem goods and services. These systems are extremely vulnerable to multiple anthropogenic impacts. Therefore, there is an urgent need to develop new techniques to efficiently restore degraded seagrass meadows. Here we tested the efficacy and efficiency of a new technique of seagrass transplant (Cymodocea nodosa) using biodegradable containers

  • Using ectomycorrhizae to improve the restoration of Neotropical coastal zones
    Restor Ecol (IF 2.721) Pub Date : 2020-09-13
    Emanuela W. A. Weidlich; Paulo T. Mioto; Ariadne N. M. Furtado; Lara M. Ferst; João P. Ernzen; Maria A. Neves

    As restoration ecology begins to engage more formally with the role of belowground interactions, we note that there is an even greater gap in knowledge of the role ectomycorrhizae (ECMs) have in ecological restoration in the Neotropical region. Even though there are a few records of ECMs in the Neotropics not much is known about their function. Here we highlight the underestimated importance of ECMs

  • Getting to the root of restoration: considering root traits for improved restoration outcomes under drought and competition
    Restor Ecol (IF 2.721) Pub Date : 2020-10-08
    Magda Garbowski; Bethany Avera; Jonathan H Bertram; Jacob S Courkamp; Jesse Gray; Kirsten M Hein; Ryan Lawrence; Mariah McIntosh; Shelby McClelland; Alison K Post; Ingrid J Slette; Daniel E Winkler; Cynthia S Brown

    A foundational goal of trait‐based ecology, including trait‐based restoration, is to link specific traits to community assembly, biodiversity, and ecosystem function. Despite a growing awareness of the importance of belowground traits for ecological processes, a synthesis of how root traits can inform restoration of terrestrial plant communities is lacking. We reviewed and summarized existing literature

  • The governance of marine restoration: insights from three cases in two European seas
    Restor Ecol (IF 2.721) Pub Date : 2020-09-23
    Jan P. M. van Tatenhove; Paulina Ramírez‐Monsalve; Eira Carballo‐Cárdenas; Nadia Papadopoulou; Chris J. Smith; Lieke Alferink; Kristen Ounanian; Ronan Long

    This article analyses three different cases of assisted marine restoration in Europe to understand how governance and legal aspects enable or constrain marine restoration in practice. The aim of this article is to enhance understanding of the enabling and constraining conditions of the governance of marine ecological restoration. To understand the governance of marine restoration, we use the concepts

  • Understanding the key characteristics and challenges of pine barrens restoration: insights from a Delphi survey of forest land managers and researchers
    Restor Ecol (IF 2.721) Pub Date : 2020-08-31
    Paul H. Gobster; Ingrid E. Schneider; Kristin M. Floress; Anna L. Haines; Arne Arnberger; Michael J. Dockry; Claire Benton

    Pine barrens are open‐canopy ecological communities once prevalent on sandy soils across the northern Great Lakes Region of the United States and Canada, though fire suppression and plantation forestry have now reduced them to a few isolated areas. Efforts to restore pine barrens are underway on some public lands, but lack of knowledge on the social and ecological issues and challenges that affect

  • Once a pond in time: employing palaeoecology to inform farmland pond restoration
    Restor Ecol (IF 2.721) Pub Date : 2020-10-06
    Richard E. Walton; Carl D. Sayer; Helen Bennion; Jan C. Axmacher

    The restoration of highly terrestrialized farmland ponds that combines the removal of woody vegetation and pond sediment greatly enhances aquatic biodiversity. Nonetheless, questions remain regarding the historical precedent of pond restoration, and particularly if post‐restoration aquatic macrophyte communities resemble pre‐terrestrialization assemblages. We used a paleoecological approach to address

  • Limited long‐term effectiveness of roller‐chopping for managing woody encroachment
    Restor Ecol (IF 2.721) Pub Date : 2020-08-23
    David J. Eldridge; Jingyi Ding

    The encroachment of woody plants into grasslands, woodland, and savanna has increased markedly over the past century, prompting the use of different physical methods to remove woody plants and restore grasses. Roller‐chopping is used extensively in the Americas, but little is known about its long‐term effectiveness for restoration, and whether its effectiveness varies with the intensity of encroachment

  • Site preparation impacts on soil biotic and abiotic properties, weed control, and native grass establishment
    Restor Ecol (IF 2.721) Pub Date : 2020-10-09
    Monique E. Smith; Timothy R. Cavagnaro; Matthew J. Christmas; Leanne M. Pound; José M. Facelli

    In severely degraded systems active restoration is required to overcome legacies of past land use and to create conditions that promote the establishment of target plant communities. While our understanding of the importance of soil microbial communities in ecological restoration is growing, few studies have looked at the impacts different site preparation techniques have on these communities. We trialed

  • Restoration treatments reduce threats to oak ecosystems and provide immediate subtle benefits for oak‐associated birds
    Restor Ecol (IF 2.721) Pub Date : 2020-10-09
    Jaime L. Stephens; Caitlyn R. Gillespie; John D. Alexander

    Oak ecosystems support a high amount of biodiversity and are critical for avian conservation in the Pacific Northwest, yet most of the remaining habitat is in a degraded state. A landscape‐scale restoration project in the Klamath Siskiyou Bioregion of southern Oregon and northern California reduced factors that stress oak trees while improving the function of oak‐associated plant communities on 450 ha

  • Restoration potential of Asian oysters on heavily developed coastlines
    Restor Ecol (IF 2.721) Pub Date : 2020-08-11
    Sally C. Y. Lau; Marine Thomas; Boze Hancock; Bayden D. Russell

    Reef‐building oysters historically provided the main structural and ecological component of temperate and subtropical coastal waters globally. While the loss of oyster reefs is documented in most regions globally, assessments of the status of Asian oyster reefs are limited. The feasibility of restoration within the regional biological and societal contexts needs to be assessed before implementation

  • Differential survival of nursery‐reared Acropora cervicornis outplants along the Florida reef tract
    Restor Ecol (IF 2.721) Pub Date : 2020-10-07
    Robert van Woesik; Raymond B. Banister; Erich Bartels; David S. Gilliam; Elizabeth A. Goergen; Caitlin Lustic; Kerry Maxwell; Amelia Moura; Erinn M. Muller; Stephanie Schopmeyer; R. Scott Winters; Diego Lirman

    In recent decades, the Florida reef tract has lost over 95% of its coral cover. Although isolated coral assemblages persist, coral restoration programs are attempting to recover local coral populations. Listed as threatened under the Endangered Species Act, Acropora cervicornis is the most widely targeted coral species for restoration in Florida. Yet strategies are still maturing to enhance the survival

  • Assessing recovery of alpine spoil heaps by vascular plant, bryophyte, and lichen functional traits
    Restor Ecol (IF 2.721) Pub Date : 2020-08-01
    Jan Sulavik; Inger Auestad; Rune Halvorsen; Knut Rydgren

    Functional traits are linked to ecosystem processes and services and therefore relevant in recovery assessment. However, traits of bryophytes and lichens, important components of many ecosystems, have received less attention than those of vascular plants. We explored the use of functional traits of multiple important organism groups in recovery assessment. We combined data on traits and species composition

  • The power of data synthesis to shape the future of the restoration community and capacity
    Restor Ecol (IF 2.721) Pub Date : 2020-07-22
    Emma Ladouceur; Nancy Shackelford

    Restoration efforts will be taking place over the next decade(s) in the largest scope and capacity ever seen. Immense commitments, goals, and budgets are set, with impactful wide‐reaching potential benefits for people and the environment. These are ambitious aims for a relatively new branch of science and practice. It is time for restoration action to scale up, the legacy of which could impact over

  • Issue Information
    Restor Ecol (IF 2.721) Pub Date : 2020-09-29

    Cover: Perazzo Meadows, restored 2009. A montane riparian meadow in the Sierra Nevada, California, United States. Photo credit: Ryan D. Burnett.

    Restor Ecol (IF 2.721) Pub Date : 2020-09-29

    In Valliere et al. (2019), the terms ‘citizen scientists/science’ mentioned in the following sections were incorrect and should be changed to ‘community scientists/science’. On page 262, the third subsection title under ‘Methods’ section should read as ‘Community Science Program’. On page 267, the last sentence in the subsection ‘Other Benefits of Mowing’ should read as ‘… with researchers and community

    Restor Ecol (IF 2.721) Pub Date : 2020-09-29

    In Calvo Robledo et al. (2020), the authors would like to correct the following errors. In Abstract section, the values and terms in the seventh sentence should have been ‘€172,942’ instead of ‘€91,409’ and ‘conservation (€115,462) and agricultural (€66,210)’ instead of ‘agricultural (€68,504) and conservation (€48,556)’. The correct sentence should read as: Results indicated that the compromise scenario

  • Adaptation of plant‐mycorrhizal interactions to moisture availability in prairie restoration
    Restor Ecol (IF 2.721) Pub Date : 2020-08-13
    Terra K. Lubin; Helen M. Alexander; James D. Bever

    The strength and direction of plant response to inoculation with arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi (AM fungi) is dependent on both abiotic and biotic contexts, often generating patterns of AM fungal mediation of plant adaptation. However, knowledge of plant‐community level effects of these interactions in grassland restoration is limited. We conducted a field inoculation experiment by inoculating five plant

  • Green hay transfer for grassland restoration: species capture and establishment
    Restor Ecol (IF 2.721) Pub Date : 2020-08-03
    Markus Wagner; Sarah Hulmes; Lucy Hulmes; John W. Redhead; Marek Nowakowski; Richard F. Pywell

    Green hay transfer from species‐rich donor sites is now commonly used in Europe to restore species‐rich semi‐natural grassland, both on ex‐arable land and on former intensive grassland. However, species transfer rates are usually well below 100%, and due to lack of further colonization by additional target species after initial restoration, continued progress toward the target plant community is often

  • An assessment of the seascape genetic structure and hydrodynamic connectivity for subtropical seagrass restoration
    Restor Ecol (IF 2.721) Pub Date : 2020-08-13
    Emma L. Jackson; Timothy M. Smith; Paul H. York; Jesper Nielsen; Andrew D. Irving; Craig D. H. Sherman

    Seagrass ecosystems have suffered significant declines globally and focus is shifting to restoration efforts. A key component to successful restoration is an understanding of the genetic factors potentially influencing restoration success. This includes understanding levels of connectivity between restoration locations and neighboring seagrass populations that promote natural recovery (source and sink

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