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  • Addressing behavior in pollinator conservation policies to combat the implementation gap
    Conserv. Biol. (IF 5.405) Pub Date : 2020-06-30
    Melissa R. Marselle; Anne Turbe; Assaf Shwartz; Aletta Bonn; Agathe Colléony

    Solutions for conserving biodiversity lie in changing people's behavior. Ambitious international and national conservation policies frequently fail in effective implementation to mitigate biodiversity loss, as they rarely use behavior change theories. In this paper, we conduct a gap analysis of conservation behavior change interventions advocated in national conservation strategies using the Behaviour

  • Effects of amusing memes on concern for unappealing species.
    Conserv. Biol. (IF 5.405) Pub Date : 2020-04-29
    Magdalena Lenda,Pjoter Skórka,Błażej Mazur,William Sutherland,Piotr Tryjanowski,Dawid Moroń,Erik Meijaard,Hugh P Possingham,Kerrie A Wilson

    There is limited knowledge of the mechanisms that can inspire people's concern and engagement in the protection of unpopular and unappealing species. We analyzed Polish people's interest in themed internet memes featuring the proboscis monkey (Nasalis larvatus ) and the consequences of this interest for conservation marketing. We examined Google Trends data, used Google Search, and searched popular

  • Characterizing the landscape of movement to identify critical wildlife habitat and corridors.
    Conserv. Biol. (IF 5.405) Pub Date : 2020-04-22
    Guillaume Bastille-Rousseau,George Wittemyer

    Landscape planning that ensures the ecological integrity of ecosystems is critical in the face of rapid human‐driven habitat conversion and development pressure. Wildlife tracking data provide unique and valuable information on animal distribution and location‐specific behaviors that can serve to increase the efficacy of such planning. Given the spatiotemporal complexity inherent to animal movements

  • Understanding conflicting cultural models of outdoor cats to overcome conservation impasse.
    Conserv. Biol. (IF 5.405) Pub Date : 2020-05-06
    Kirsten M Leong,Ashley R Gramza,Christopher A Lepczyk

    Many conservation conflicts are scientifically complex yet are rooted in value conflicts, which result in an impasse. Additional biological information alone is insufficient to resolve this type of conflict. Conceptual models that articulate the material aspects of a system are increasingly used to identify areas where parties disagree. Yet, modeling processes typically follow the conveners’ rules

  • Conserving spawning stocks through harvest slot limits and no-take protected areas.
    Conserv. Biol. (IF 5.405) Pub Date : 2020-05-11
    Gaya Gnanalingam,Holly Gaff,Mark J Butler

    The key to the conservation of harvested species is the maintenance of reproductive success. Yet for many marine species large, old, individuals are targeted despite their disproportionate contribution to reproduction. We hypothesized that a combination of no‐take marine protected areas (MPAs) and harvest slot limits (maximum and minimum size limits) would result in the conservation of large spawning

  • Wildlife collection for scientific purposes
    Conserv. Biol. (IF 5.405) Pub Date : 2020-06-25
    Caroline Fukushima; Rick West; Thomas Pape; Lyubomir Penev; Leif Schulman; Pedro Cardoso

    Illegal transfer of wildlife has 2 main purposes: trade and scientific research. Trade is the most common, whereas scientific research is much less common and unprofitable, yet still important. Biopiracy in science is often neglected despite that many researchers encounter it during their careers. The use of illegally acquired specimens is detected in different research fields, from scientists bioprospecting

  • The challenge of biased evidence in conservation
    Conserv. Biol. (IF 5.405) Pub Date : 2020-06-24
    Alec P. Christie; Tatsuya Amano; Philip A. Martin; Silviu O. Petrovan; Gorm E. Shackelford; Benno I. Simmons; Rebecca K. Smith; David R. Williams; Claire F. R. Wordley; William J. Sutherland

    Efforts to tackle the current biodiversity crisis need to be as efficient and effective as possible given chronic underfunding. To inform decision‐makers of the most effective conservation actions, it is important to identify biases and gaps in the conservation literature to prioritize future evidence generation. We used the Conservation Evidence database to assess the state of the global literature

  • Illegal trade in wild cats and its link to Chinese-led development in Central and South America.
    Conserv. Biol. (IF 5.405) Pub Date : 2020-06-02
    Thais Morcatty,Jonathan C Bausch Macedo,K Anne-Isola Nekaris,Qingyong Ni,Carlos Durigan,Magdalena S Svensson,Vincent Nijman

    Seizures of hundreds of jaguar heads and canines in Central and South America from 2014 to 2018 resulted in worldwide media coverage suggesting that wildlife traffickers are trading jaguar body parts as substitutes for tiger parts to satisfy the demand for traditional Asian medicine. We compiled a data set of >1000 seized wild cats (jaguar [Panthera onca ], puma [Puma concolor ], and ocelot [Leopardus

  • Matching biodiversity indicators to policy needs.
    Conserv. Biol. (IF 5.405) Pub Date : 2020-06-18
    Simone L Stevenson,Kate Watermeyer,Giovanni Caggiano,Elizabeth A Fulton,Simon Ferrier,Emily Nicholson

    Policy makers rely on biodiversity indicators to assess when, where and how nature is changing. Some indicators, however, respond more quickly to pressures than others, measuring short‐term and potentially reversible change, while others capture permanent loss of biodiversity. These characteristics influence an indicator's suitability to perform predictive versus retrospective evaluation functions

  • Using decision science to evaluate global biodiversity indices.
    Conserv. Biol. (IF 5.405) Pub Date : 2020-06-18
    Kate E Watermeyer,Guru Guillera-Arroita,Payal Bal,Michael J Burgass,Lucie M Bland,Ben Collen,Chris Hallam,Luke T Kelly,Michael A McCarthy,Tracey J Regan,Simone Stevenson,Brendan A Wintle,Emily Nicholson

    Global biodiversity indices are used to measure environmental change and progress towards conservation goals, yet their fitness for purpose is poorly understood. Few indices have been evaluated comprehensively for their capacity to detect trends of interest, such as declines in threatened species or ecosystem function. Using a structured approach based on decision science, we evaluated nine indices

  • Effects of body size on estimation of mammalian area requirements.
    Conserv. Biol. (IF 5.405) Pub Date : 2020-05-03
    Michael J Noonan,Christen H Fleming,Marlee A Tucker,Roland Kays,Autumn-Lynn Harrison,Margaret C Crofoot,Briana Abrahms,Susan C Alberts,Abdullahi H Ali,Jeanne Altmann,Pamela Castro Antunes,Nina Attias,Jerrold L Belant,Dean E Beyer,Laura R Bidner,Niels Blaum,Randall B Boone,Damien Caillaud,Rogerio Cunha de Paula,J Antonio de la Torre,Jasja Dekker,Christopher S DePerno,Mohammad Farhadinia,Julian Fennessy

    Accurately quantifying species’ area requirements is a prerequisite for effective area‐based conservation. This typically involves collecting tracking data on species of interest and then conducting home‐range analyses. Problematically, autocorrelation in tracking data can result in space needs being severely underestimated. Based on the previous work, we hypothesized the magnitude of underestimation

  • Habitat-tree protection concepts over 200 years.
    Conserv. Biol. (IF 5.405) Pub Date : 2020-04-12
    Andreas Mölder,Marcus Schmidt,Tobias Plieninger,Peter Meyer

    The protection and sustainable management of habitat trees is an integral part of modern forest nature conservation concepts such as retention forestry. Bats, cavity‐nesting birds, arboreal marsupials, and many different saproxylic species depend on habitat trees and their great variety of microhabitats and old‐growth characteristics. With a focus on insights from temperate forests, we traced the development

  • Conserving Primates in the Anthropocene
    Conserv. Biol. (IF 5.405) Pub Date : 2020-06-17
    Thibaud Gruber

    Primate Research and Conservation in the Anthropocene. Behie, A.M., J.A. Teichroeb, and N. Malone, editors. 2019. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, U.K. xviii+293 pp. £34.99 (paperback). ISBN 978‐1‐316‐61021‐3 . Primates in Flooded Habitats: Ecology and Conservation . Nowak, K., A. A. Barnett, and I. Matsuda, editors. 2019. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, U.K. xvii+446 pp. £110.00 (hardcover)

  • Worldwide effects of non-native species on species-area relationships.
    Conserv. Biol. (IF 5.405) Pub Date : 2020-06-17
    Qinfeng Guo,Xiaoyu Cen,Ruiyan Song,Michael L McKinney,Deli Wang

    Nonnative species have invaded most parts of the world and this process is expected to accelerate. As many naturalized nonnative species are likely to become permanent inhabitants, future species‐area relationships (SARs) should consider nonnative species, either separately or jointly with native species. If nonnative species are occupying unused niches and space in invaded habitats and extinction

  • Correlates of bird collisions with buildings across three North American countries.
    Conserv. Biol. (IF 5.405) Pub Date : 2020-06-15
    Jared A Elmore,Stephen B Hager,Bradley J Cosentino,Timothy J O'Connell,Corey S Riding,Michelle L Anderson,Marja H Bakermans,Than J Boves,David Brandes,Eric M Butler,Michael W Butler,Nicolette L Cagle,Rafael Calderón-Parra,Angelo P Capparella,Anqi Chen,April A T Conkey,Thomas A Contreras,Rebecca I Cooper,Clay E Corbin,Robert L Curry,Jerald J Dosch,Karen L Dyson,Erin E Fraser,Ross A Furbush,Natasha D

    Collisions with buildings cause up to 1 billion bird fatalities annually in North America. Bird‐building collisions have recently received increased conservation, research, and policy attention. However, efforts to reduce collisions would benefit from studies conducted at large spatial scales across multiple study sites, with standardized methods, and with consideration of species‐ and life history‐related

  • Reconciling multiple counterfactuals when evaluating biodiversity conservation impact in social-ecological systems.
    Conserv. Biol. (IF 5.405) Pub Date : 2020-06-15
    Joseph W Bull,Niels Strange,Robert J Smith,Ascelin Gordon

    When evaluating the impact of a biodiversity conservation intervention, a ‘counterfactual’ is needed, as true experimental controls are typically unavailable. Counterfactuals are possible alternative system trajectories in the absence of an intervention and comparing observed outcomes against the chosen counterfactual allows the impact (change attributable to the intervention) to be determined. Since

  • Using ensemble modeling to predict the impacts of assisted migration on recipient ecosystems.
    Conserv. Biol. (IF 5.405) Pub Date : 2020-06-15
    Katie Peterson,Michael Bode

    Assisted migration is a controversial conservation measure that aims to protect threatened species by moving part of their population outside its natural range. While this could save species from extinction, it also introduces a range of risks. The magnitude of the threat to recipient ecosystems has not been investigated quantitatively, despite being the most common criticism levelled at the action

  • Translating large-scale prioritization models for vultures to local-scale decision making.
    Conserv. Biol. (IF 5.405) Pub Date : 2020-06-12
    Ron Efrat,Ohad Hatzofe,Oded Berger-Tal

  • Noted with Interest
    Conserv. Biol. (IF 5.405) Pub Date : 2020-06-12

    Agricultural Resilience: Perspectives from Ecology and Economics . Gardner, S. M., S. J. Ramsden, and R. S. Hails, editors. 2019. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, United Kingdom. 389 pp. £34.99 (paperback). ISBN 978‐1‐107‐66587‐3. Scientists and practitioners increasingly recognize that a diverse set of approaches is necessary to create resilient landscapes and tackle environmental challenges

  • Using environmental and geographic data to optimize ex situ collections and preserve evolutionary potential.
    Conserv. Biol. (IF 5.405) Pub Date : 2020-06-10
    Lionel N Di Santo,Jill A Hamilton

    Maintenance of biodiversity through seed banks and botanical gardens, where the wealth of species’ genetic variation may be preserved ex situ, is a major goal of conservation. However, challenges can persist in optimizing ex situ collections where trade‐offs exist between expense, effort, and conserving species evolutionary potential, particularly when genetic data is not available. Within this context

  • Bird friendly wine country through diversified vineyards.
    Conserv. Biol. (IF 5.405) Pub Date : 2020-06-08
    Andrés Muñoz-Sáez,Justin Kitzes,Adina M Merenlender

    Vinecology, the integration of ecological and viticultural practices, focuses on the working landscapes of the mediterranean‐climate biomes to make wine grape production compatible with species conservation. We examined how maintaining remnant native vegetation and surrounding natural areas in and around vineyards, two primary practices of vinecology, may influence bird community richness and composition

  • Medical biotechnology as a paradigm for forest restoration and introduction of the transgenic American chestnut.
    Conserv. Biol. (IF 5.405) Pub Date : 2020-06-07
    Michael Aucott,Rex A Parker

    For over 40 years, biotechnology and genetic engineering (GE) have been used in the development of medicines and biologic agents important in protecting and augmenting human health and have been met with broad public acceptance in the health care arena. GE has also been used to improve and develop plants important to agriculture and forestry, but in these areas, has often encountered intense opposition

  • Using knowledge mapping to rethink the gap between science and action.
    Conserv. Biol. (IF 5.405) Pub Date : 2020-06-07
    Ruppert Vimal,Courtney Morgans

    Scholars have long stressed the need to bridge the gap between science and action and seek the most efficient use of knowledge for decision‐making. Many contributors have attempted to consider and understand the sociopolitical forces involved in knowledge generation and exchange. We argue, however, that a model is still needed to adequately conceptualize and frame the knowledge networks in which these

  • Examining Options to Promote Human–Wildlife Coexistence
    Conserv. Biol. (IF 5.405) Pub Date : 2020-06-04
    Susan Catherine Cork

    Human–Wildlife Interactions: Turning Conflict into Coexistence . Frank, B., J.A. Glikman, and S. Marchini, editors. 2019. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, U.K. xxii+ 456 pp. £34.99 (paperback). ISBN 978‐1‐108‐40258‐3. As the human population expands into new areas at a global scale, there is a greater likelihood of frequent interactions between human communities and wildlife. Although coexistence

  • Focus and social contagion of environmental organization advocacy on Twitter.
    Conserv. Biol. (IF 5.405) Pub Date : 2020-06-04
    Daniel Barrios-O'Neill

    Agriculture, over‐exploitation and urbanisation remain the major threats to biodiversity in the Anthropocene. The attention these threats garner among leading environmental NGOs (eNGOs) and the wider public is critical in fostering the political will necessary to reverse biodiversity declines worldwide. Here, I analyse the advocacy of leading eNGOs on Twitter, and show that it is dominated by the major

  • A multispecies assessment of wildlife impacts on local community livelihoods.
    Conserv. Biol. (IF 5.405) Pub Date : 2020-06-04
    Rocío A Pozo,Eric G LeFlore,A Bradley Duthie,Nils Bunnefeld,Isabel L Jones,Jeroen Minderman,Sarobidy Rakotonarivo,Jeremy J Cusack

    Conflicts between the interests of agriculture and wildlife conservation are a major threat to biodiversity and human wellbeing globally. Addressing such conflicts requires a thorough understanding of the impacts associated with living alongside protected wildlife. Despite this, most studies reporting on human‐wildlife impacts and the strategies used to mitigate them focus on a single species, thus

  • Rewilding in the face of climate change.
    Conserv. Biol. (IF 5.405) Pub Date : 2020-06-01
    Carlos Carroll,Reed F Noss

    Expansion of the global protected‐area network has been proposed as a strategy to address threats from accelerating climate change and species extinction. A key step in increasing the effectiveness of such expansion is understanding how novel threats to biodiversity from climate change alter concepts such as rewilding, which have underpinned many proposals for large interconnected reserves. We reviewed

  • Markus Borner, a life at the conservation front line.
    Conserv. Biol. (IF 5.405) Pub Date : 2020-06-01
    J Grant,C Hopcraft,M Karen Laurenson

  • Quantifying the relative performance of two undetected-extinction models.
    Conserv. Biol. (IF 5.405) Pub Date : 2020-05-29
    Deon Lum W H,Pablo A Tedesco,Bernard Hugueny,XingLi Giam,Ryan A Chisholm

    Undetected extinctions constitute a portion of biodiversity loss that is often ignored. We compared the performance of two models of undetected extinctions – Tedesco and SEUX – when estimating undetected extinctions with both simulated and real‐world data. We generated simulated data by considering a birth‐death process where less abundant species are more likely to go extinct. When we assumed that

  • Anthropogenic threats to evolutionary heritage of angiosperms in the Netherlands through an increase in high-competition environments.
    Conserv. Biol. (IF 5.405) Pub Date : 2020-05-28
    Igor V Bartish,Wim A Ozinga,Mark I Bartish,G W Wieger Wamelink,Stephan M Hennekens,Benjamin Yguel,Andreas Prinzing

    Present biodiversity comprises the evolutionary heritage of Earth's epochs. Lineages from particular epochs are often found in particular habitats, but whether current habitat decline threatens the heritage from particular epochs is unknown. We hypothesized that within a given region, humans threaten specifically habitats that harbor lineages from a particular geological epoch. We expect so because

  • Cover Caption
    Conserv. Biol. (IF 5.405) Pub Date : 2020-05-25

    Cover : Bald‐headed uacari (Cacajao calvus ) in Amazonas, Brazil. The uacari is designated as vulnerable on the IUCN Red List, due in part to an estimated population decline of 30% since the 1990s. Based on its low population densities, relatively restricted range, and habitat specialization, uacari could be considered a rare species. Species that are rare with respect to these factors could decline

  • Noted with Interest
    Conserv. Biol. (IF 5.405) Pub Date : 2020-05-25

    In the Footsteps of Joseph Dalton Hooker. A Sikkim Adventure . Seamus O'Brien. 2018. Kew Publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Richmond, London, U.K. 323 pp. US$72.97 (hardcover). ISBN 978‐1‐8424‐6656‐8. Sir Joseph Dalton Hooker is widely considered one of the greatest botanists of the 19th century. He was an avid traveler, and he cataloged thousands of plants. As a close friend of Charles Darwin, it

  • The need for ecocentrism in biodiversity conservation.
    Conserv. Biol. (IF 5.405) Pub Date : 2020-05-18
    Bron Taylor,Guillaume Chapron,Helen Kopnina,Ewa Orlikowska,Joe Gray,John J Piccolo

    Over the past five decades, scientists have been documenting negative anthropogenic environmental change, expressing increasing alarm and urging dramatic socioecological transformation in response. A host of international meetings have been held but the erosion of biological diversity continues to accelerate. The lack of effective political action begs the question as to why. Herein we contend that

  • Effects of sublethal application of Deepwater Horizon oil to bird eggs on embryonic heart and metabolic rate.
    Conserv. Biol. (IF 5.405) Pub Date : 2020-05-18
    Christopher G Goodchild,Kevin Grisham,Jason Belden,Sarah E DuRant

    Following large crude oil spills, oil from feathers of brooding birds and oiled nesting material can transfer to eggs, resulting in reduced embryonic viability for heavily oiled eggs. Eggs may also be subjected to trace or light oiling, but functional teratogenic effects from sublethal crude oil exposure have not been examined. We assessed whether sublethal application of weathered Deepwater Horizon

  • Prioritizing debt conversion opportunities for marine conservation.
    Conserv. Biol. (IF 5.405) Pub Date : 2020-05-18
    Jennifer McGowan,Rob Weary,Leah Carriere,Edward T Game,Joanna L Smith,Melissa Garvey,Hugh P Possingham

    Incentivized debt conversion is a financing mechanism that can assist countries with a heavy debt burden to bolster their long‐term domestic investment in nature conservation. The Nature Conservancy, an international conservation‐based nongovernmental organization, is adapting debt conversions to support marine conservation efforts by small island developing states and coastal countries. Prioritizing

  • Estimation of spatiotemporal trends in bat abundance from mortality data collected at wind turbines.
    Conserv. Biol. (IF 5.405) Pub Date : 2020-05-18
    Christina M Davy,Kelly Squires,J Ryan Zimmerling

    Renewable energy sources such as wind energy are an essential tool for reducing the causes of climate change, but wind turbines can pose a collision risk for bats. To date, the population-level effects of wind-related mortality have only been estimated for a single bat species. To estimate temporal trends in bat abundance, we considered wind turbines as opportunistic sampling tools for flying bats

  • Loss and vulnerability of lowland forests in mainland Southeast Asia.
    Conserv. Biol. (IF 5.405) Pub Date : 2020-05-15
    Maliwan Namkhan,George A Gale,Tommaso Savini,Naruemon Tantipisanuh

    Despite containing extraordinary levels of biodiversity, lowland (<200m asl) tropical forests are extremely threatened globally. Southeast Asia is an area of high species richness and endemicity under considerable anthropogenic threat with, unfortunately, scant focus on its lowland forests. Here we (1) estimated its extent of lowland forest loss between 1998 and 2018, including inside protected areas

  • Wildlife impacts and vulnerable livelihoods in a transfrontier conservation landscape.
    Conserv. Biol. (IF 5.405) Pub Date : 2020-05-14
    Jonathan Salerno,Karen Bailey,Andrea E Gaughan,Forrest R Stevens,Tom Hilton,Lin Cassidy,Michael D Drake,Narcisa G Pricope,Joel Hartter

    Interactions between humans and wildlife resulting in negative impacts are among the most pressing conservation challenges globally. In regions of smallholder livestock and crop production, interactions with wildlife can compromise human well-being and motivate negative sentiment and retaliation toward wildlife, undermining conservation goals. Although impacts may be unavoidable when human and wildlife

  • An ecological framework for contextualizing carnivore-livestock conflict.
    Conserv. Biol. (IF 5.405) Pub Date : 2020-05-14
    Christine E Wilkinson,Alex McInturff,Jennifer R B Miller,Veronica Yovovich,Kaitlyn M Gaynor,Kendall Calhoun,Harshad Karandikar,Jeff Vance Martin,Phoebe Parker-Shames,Avery Shawler,Amy Van Scoyoc,Justin S Brashares

    Carnivore predation on livestock is a complex management and policy challenge, yet it is also intrinsically an ecological interaction between predators and prey. Human-wildlife interactions occur in socioecological systems in which human and environmental processes are closely linked. However, underlying human-wildlife conflict and key to unpacking its complexity are concrete and identifiable ecological

  • Emergent conservation outcomes of shared risk perception in human-wildlife systems.
    Conserv. Biol. (IF 5.405) Pub Date : 2020-05-14
    Neil H Carter,Andres Baeza,Nicholas R Magliocca

    Human perception of risks related to economic damages caused by nearby wildlife can be transmitted through social networks. Understanding how sharing risk information within a human community alters the spatial dynamics of human-wildlife interactions has important implications for the design and implementation of effective conservation actions. We developed an agent-based model that simulates farmer

  • Rapidly assessing cobenefits to advance threat-management alliances.
    Conserv. Biol. (IF 5.405) Pub Date : 2020-05-14
    Matthew W Rees,Josie Carwardine,Andrew Reeson,Jennifer Firn

    Conservation strategies aimed at reducing threats to biodiversity can have significant implications for multiple sectors in a socioeconomic system, but these cobenefits are often poorly understood. For example, many of the threats to native species also impede agricultural production, yet agriculture is typically perceived as in competition with conservation objectives. Although a comprehensive, multiobjective

  • The place of nature in conservation conflicts.
    Conserv. Biol. (IF 5.405) Pub Date : 2020-05-14
    Guillaume Chapron,José Vicente López-Bao

    Conservation conflicts are gaining importance in contemporary conservation scholarship such that conservation may have entered a conflict hype. We attempted to uncover and deconstruct the normative assumptions behind such studies by raising several questions: what are conservation conflicts, what justifies the attention they receive, do conservation-conflict studies limit wildlife conservation, is

  • Addressing inequality and intolerance in human-wildlife coexistence.
    Conserv. Biol. (IF 5.405) Pub Date : 2020-05-14
    Neil R Jordan,Bradley P Smith,Robert G Appleby,Lily M van Eeden,Hugh S Webster

    Millennia of human conflict with wildlife have built a culture of intolerance toward wildlife among some stakeholders. We explored 2 key obstacles to improved human-wildlife coexistence: coexistence inequality (how the costs and benefits of coexisting with wildlife are unequally shared) and intolerance. The costs of coexisting with wildlife are often disproportionately borne by the so-called global

  • Rethinking assessment of success of mitigation strategies for elephant-induced crop damage.
    Conserv. Biol. (IF 5.405) Pub Date : 2020-05-14
    Kristen Denninger Snyder,Dennis Rentsch

    Crop damage is the most common impact of negative interactions between people and elephants and poses a significant threat to rural livelihoods and conservation efforts. Numerous approaches to mitigate and prevent crop damage have been implemented throughout Africa and Asia. Despite the documented high efficacy of many approaches, losses remain common, and in many areas, damage is intensifying. We

  • The role of psychology in determining human-predator conflict across southern Kenya.
    Conserv. Biol. (IF 5.405) Pub Date : 2020-05-14
    Laura R Perry,Tom P Moorhouse,Andrew J Loveridge,David W Macdonald

    Conflict between people and carnivores can lead to the widespread killing of predators in retaliation for livestock loss and is a major threat to predator populations. In Kenya, a large, rural, pastoralist population comes into regular conflict with predators, which persist across southern Kenya. We explored the social and psychological backdrop to livestock management practices in this area in a process

  • Addressing social attitudes toward lethal control of wildlife in national parks.
    Conserv. Biol. (IF 5.405) Pub Date : 2020-05-14
    María Martínez-Jauregui,Miguel Delibes-Mateos,Beatriz Arroyo,Mario Soliño

    The extraordinary population growth of certain ungulate species is increasingly a concern in agroforestry areas because overabundance may negatively affect natural environments and human livelihoods. However, society may have negative perceptions of killing wildlife to reduce their numbers and mitigate damage. We used an online survey that included a choice experiment to determine Spanish citizens'

  • Myths and assumptions about human-wildlife conflict and coexistence.
    Conserv. Biol. (IF 5.405) Pub Date : 2020-05-14
    Adrian Treves,Francisco J Santiago-Ávila

    Recent extinctions often resulted from humans retaliating against wildlife that threatened people's interests or were perceived to threaten current or future interests. Today's subfield of human-wildlife conflict and coexistence (HWCC) grew out of an original anthropocentric concern with such real or perceived threats and then, starting in the mid-1990s, with protecting valued species from people.

  • A strategy for wildlife management in depopulating rural areas of Japan.
    Conserv. Biol. (IF 5.405) Pub Date : 2020-05-14
    Hiroshi Tsunoda,Hiroto Enari

    Former ranges of wild animals have been reestablished in many developed countries. However, this reestablishment has led to increasing human-wildlife conflict in agroforest ecosystems. In Japan, human-wildlife conflict, such as crop raiding by and ecological impacts of wild ungulates and primates, is a serious problem in depopulated rural areas due to these animal range expansions and increased abundances

  • Human-wildlife coexistence in a changing world.
    Conserv. Biol. (IF 5.405) Pub Date : 2020-05-14
    Hannes J König,Christian Kiffner,Stephanie Kramer-Schadt,Christine Fürst,Oliver Keuling,Adam T Ford

    Human-wildlife conflict (HWC) is a key topic in conservation and agricultural research. Decision makers need evidence-based information to design sustainable management plans and policy instruments. However, providing objective decision support can be challenging because realities and perceptions of human-wildlife interactions vary widely between and within rural, urban, and peri-urban areas. Land

  • Linking human and ecological components to understand human-wildlife conflicts across landscapes and species.
    Conserv. Biol. (IF 5.405) Pub Date : 2020-05-13
    Lucas Teixeira,Karina Campos Tisovec-Dufner,Gabriela de Lima Marin,Silvio Marchini,Ine Dorresteijn,Renata Pardini

    Human-wildlife conflicts (HWC) are complex conservation challenges impairing both wildlife populations and human livelihood. Research on HWC, however, has traditionally approached ecological and human components separately, hampering a broader understanding of connections between ecological drivers and human dimensions of conflicts. We developed a model integrating ecological and human components of

  • Incorporating differences between genetic diversity of trees and herbaceous plants in conservation strategies.
    Conserv. Biol. (IF 5.405) Pub Date : 2020-01-29
    Mi Yoon Chung,Sungwon Son,Sonia Herrando-Moraira,Cindy Q Tang,Masayuki Maki,Young-Dong Kim,Jordi López-Pujol,James L Hamrick,Myong Gi Chung

    Reviews that summarize the genetic diversity of plant species in relation to their life history and ecological traits show that forest trees have more genetic diversity at population and species levels than annuals or herbaceous perennials. In addition, among-population genetic differentiation is significantly lower in trees than in most herbaceous perennials and annuals. Possible reasons for these

  • A genoscape-network model for conservation prioritization in a migratory bird.
    Conserv. Biol. (IF 5.405) Pub Date : 2020-05-11
    Kristen C Ruegg,Ryan J Harrigan,James F Saracco,Thomas B Smith,Caz M Taylor

    Migratory animals are declining worldwide and coordinated conservation efforts are needed to reverse current trends. We devised a novel genoscape-network model that combines genetic analyses with species distribution modeling and demographic data to overcome challenges with conceptualizing alternative risk factors in migratory species across their full annual cycle. We applied our method to the long

  • Three ways to deliver a net positive impact with biodiversity offsets.
    Conserv. Biol. (IF 5.405) Pub Date : 2020-05-10
    Atte Moilanen,Janne S Kotiaho

    Biodiversity offsetting is the practice of using conservation actions such as habitat restoration, management or protection to compensate for ecological losses caused by development activity, including construction projects. The typical goal of offsetting is no net loss (NNL), which means that all ecological losses are compensated for by commensurate offset gains. The focus of this work is a conceptual

  • Measuring impacts on species with models and metrics of varying ecological and computational complexity.
    Conserv. Biol. (IF 5.405) Pub Date : 2020-05-10
    Christopher D Hallam,Brendan A Wintle,Heini Kujala,Emily Nicholson,Amy L Whitehead

    Approaches to assessing the impacts of different landscape scenarios on species range from metrics based on patterns of occurrence or habitat, to comprehensive models that explicitly include ecological processes. The choice of metrics and models affects how impacts may be interpreted, with flow-on effects on conservation decisions. We used a case study to explore the impact of three realistic disturbance

  • Protecting biodiversity and economic returns in resource-rich tropical forests.
    Conserv. Biol. (IF 5.405) Pub Date : 2020-05-10
    James G C Ball,Mark A Burgman,Elizabeth D Goldman,Janeth Lessmann

    In pursuit of socioeconomic development, many countries are expanding oil and mineral extraction into tropical forests. These activities seed access to remote, biologically rich areas, thereby endangering global biodiversity. Here we demonstrate that conservation solutions that effectively balance the protection of biodiversity and economic revenues are possible in biologically valuable regions. Using

  • Exploring nationality and social identity to explain attitudes toward conservation actions in the United States and Australia.
    Conserv. Biol. (IF 5.405) Pub Date : 2020-02-23
    Lily M van Eeden,Kristina Slagle,Thomas M Newsome,Mathew S Crowther,Christopher R Dickman,Jeremy T Bruskotter

    Understanding human attitudes toward wildlife management is critical to implementing effective conservation action and policy. Understanding the factors that shape public attitudes toward different wildlife management actions is limited, however, which can result in unpredictable public responses to interventions. We drew on comparisons between residents of 2 countries on separate continents to explore

  • 更新日期:2020-05-06
  • Uncertainty in native range definitions and invasion biology: response to Pereyra 2019.
    Conserv. Biol. (IF 5.405) Pub Date : 2020-05-06
    Franck Courchamp,Phil Hulme,Petr Pyšek

  • Debate over the importance and meaning of native range in invasion biology: reply to Courchamp et al.
    Conserv. Biol. (IF 5.405) Pub Date : 2020-05-06
    Patricio Javier Pereyra,Radu Cornel Guiaşu

  • Indigenous guardians as an emerging approach to indigenous environmental governance.
    Conserv. Biol. (IF 5.405) Pub Date : 2020-05-06
    Graeme Reed,Nicolas D Brunet,Sheri Longboat,David C Natcher

    Over the past three decades, Indigenous Guardian programs (also known as Indigenous Rangers and Watchmen) have emerged as an institution for Indigenous governments to engage in collaborative environmental governance. Using a systematic review of peer-reviewed literature for research conducted in Australia, Canada, Aotearoa/ New Zealand, and the United States, we sought i) to characterize the emergence

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