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  • Conservation optimism and reckoning with the future.
    Conserv. Biol. (IF 5.405) Pub Date : 2020-07-29
    Luiz R R Faria

    Article impact statement: The optimism permeating biological conservation should be recalibrated considering the future that present times portend.

  • Relative influence of environmental factors and fishing on coral reef fish assemblages
    Conserv. Biol. (IF 5.405) Pub Date : 2020-09-16
    Eva C. McClure; Andrew S. Hoey; Katherine T. Sievers; Rene A. Abesamis; Garry R. Russ

    Understanding whether assemblages of species respond more strongly to bottom‐up (availability of trophic resources and/or habitats) or top‐down (predation pressure) processes is important for effective management of resources and ecosystems. Here, we determine the relative influence of environmental factors and predation by humans in shaping the density, biomass and species richness of four medium‐bodied

  • Online multiplayer games as virtual laboratories for collecting data on social‐ecological decision‐making
    Conserv. Biol. (IF 5.405) Pub Date : 2020-09-09
    A. Bradley Duthie; Jeroen Minderman; O. Sarobidy Rakotonarivo; Gabriela Ochoa; Nils Bunnefeld

    Article impact statement: Online games can improve the collection of data on human decision‐making in situations relevant to conservation and stakeholder trade‐offs.

  • Michael Soulé (1936‐2020) on Spirituality, Ethics, and Conservation Biology
    Conserv. Biol. (IF 5.405) Pub Date : 2020-09-09
    Bron Taylor

    Michael Soulé is best known for his scientific contributions and central role founding the Society for Conservation Biology and its journal. Less well known are his childhood experiences, his affinity for Zen Buddhism and Arne Naess’ deep ecology philosophy, and his contributions as an environmental activist to efforts to protect biodiversity and rewild ecosystems. Also less well known is the extent

  • A method to develop a shared qualitative model of a complex system.
    Conserv. Biol. (IF 5.405) Pub Date : 2020-09-05
    Katie Moon,Nicola Browne

    Understanding complex systems is essential to ensure their conservation and management. Modelling has become a common tool for supporting our understanding of complex ecological systems and, by extension, their conservation. Modelling, however, is largely a social process constrained by individual's mental models (i.e. a small‐scale internal model of how a part of the world works, on the basis of knowledge

  • Assessing the current state of ecological connectivity in a large marine protected area system.
    Conserv. Biol. (IF 5.405) Pub Date : 2020-07-05
    Kelsey E Roberts,Carly N Cook,Jutta Beher,Eric A Treml

    The establishment of marine protected areas (MPAs) is a critical step in ensuring the continued persistence of marine biodiversity. Although the area protected in MPAs is growing, the movement of individuals (or larvae) among MPAs, termed connectivity, has only recently been included as an objective of many MPAs. As such, assessing connectivity is often neglected or oversimplified in the planning process

  • Fundamental insights on when social network data are most critical for conservation planning.
    Conserv. Biol. (IF 5.405) Pub Date : 2020-07-21
    Jonathan R Rhodes,Angela M Guerrero,Örjan Bodin,Iadine Chadès

    As declines in biodiversity accelerate, there is an urgent imperative to ensure that every dollar spent on conservation counts toward species protection. Systematic conservation planning is a widely used approach to achieve this, but there is growing concern that it must better integrate the human social dimensions of conservation to be effective. Yet, fundamental insights about when social data are

  • Books Received (March 2019–May 2020)
    Conserv. Biol. (IF 5.405) Pub Date : 2020-09-05

    A Coast of Scenic Wonders. Coastal Geology and Ecology of the Outer Coast of Oregon and Washington and the Strait of Juan de Fuca. Hayes, M. O., and J. Michel. 2019. Pandion Books, Columbia, SC, U.S.A. xiv+229 pp. US$29.95 (paperback). ISBN 978‐0‐981‐6618‐5‐8. A Practical Guide for Genetic Management of Fragmented Animal and Plant Populations. Frankham, R., J.D. Ballou, K. Ralls, M.D.B. Eldridge, M

  • Trends in seabird breeding populations across the Great Barrier Reef.
    Conserv. Biol. (IF 5.405) Pub Date : 2020-09-03
    Bradley K Woodworth,Richard A Fuller,Graham Hemson,Andrew McDougall,Bradley C Congdon,Matthew Low

    The Great Barrier Reef is an iconic ecosystem, known globally for its rich marine biodiversity that includes many thousands of tropical breeding seabirds. Despite indications of localised declines in some seabird species from as early as the mid‐1990s, trends in seabird populations across the Reef have never been quantified. With a long history of human impact and ongoing environmental change, seabirds

  • An economic evaluation framework for land-use-based conservation policy instruments in a changing climate.
    Conserv. Biol. (IF 5.405) Pub Date : 2020-09-03
    Charlotte Gerling,Frank Wätzold

    Climate change is a key threat for biodiversity. In order to conserve species under climate change, ecologists and conservation biologists suggest two main strategies regarding conservation with land‐use measures: (1) supporting a species’ range shift to enable it to follow its suitable climatic conditions by creating migration pathways such as corridors and stepping stones, and (2) conserving climate

  • Book Reviewers, January–December 2019
    Conserv. Biol. (IF 5.405) Pub Date : 2020-09-02

    We thank the following colleagues for assisting Conservation Biology with book reviews to encourage reading of in‐depth conservation works. Book Reviewers P. A. V. Borges L. Bradford S. C. Cork M. Desrosseaux M. Ferrante M. Furtado E. Gonzalez T. Gruber F. Jordán G. Krőel‐Dulay Z. Molnár R. Moorehouse V. Novotny T. Price K. Sam M. Sárospataki M. Scott G. Szövényi P. Török I. Trukhanova Reviewers for

  • A strategy for the next decadeto address data deficiency in neglected biodiversity.
    Conserv. Biol. (IF 5.405) Pub Date : 2020-07-12
    Axel Hochkirch,Michael J Samways,Justin Gerlach,Monika Böhm,Paul Williams,Pedro Cardoso,Neil Cumberlidge,P J Stephenson,Mary B Seddon,Viola Clausnitzer,Paulo A V Borges,Gregory M Mueller,Paul Pearce-Kelly,Domitilla C Raimondo,Anja Danielczak,Klaas-Douwe B Dijkstra

    Measuring progress toward international biodiversity targets requires robust information on the conservation status of species, which the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) Red List of Threatened Species provides. However, data and capacity are lacking for most hyperdiverse groups, such as invertebrates, plants, and fungi, particularly in megadiverse or high‐endemism regions. Conservation

  • Urgent plea for global protection of springs.
    Conserv. Biol. (IF 5.405) Pub Date : 2020-09-02
    Marco Cantonati,Roderick J Fensham,Lawrence E Stevens,Reinhard Gerecke,Douglas S Glazier,Nico Goldscheider,Robert L Knight,John S Richardson,Abraham E Springer,Klement Tockner

  • Vascular plant extinction in the continental United States and Canada.
    Conserv. Biol. (IF 5.405) Pub Date : 2020-08-28
    Wesley M Knapp,Anne Frances,Reed Noss,Robert F C Naczi,Alan Weakley,George D Gann,Bruce G Baldwin,James Miller,Patrick McIntyre,Brent D Mishler,Gerry Moore,Richard G Olmstead,Anna Strong,Kathryn Kennedy,Bonnie Heidel,Daniel Gluesenkamp

    Extinction rates are expected to increase during the Anthropocene. Current extinction rates of plants and many animals remain unknown. This study represents the first effort to quantify extinctions among the vascular flora of North America north of Mexico since European settlement. We compiled data on apparently extinct species by querying plant conservation databases, searching literature, and vetting

  • Conservation lessons from taboos and trolley problems.
    Conserv. Biol. (IF 5.405) Pub Date : 2020-08-27
    Mark W Schwartz

    Governments pass conservation laws, adopt policies and make plans yet frequently fail to implement them. Implementation of conservation, however, often requires costly sacrifice: people foregoing benefit for the benefit of biodiversity. Decisions involve trade‐offs whose outcomes depend on the values at stake and people's perceptions of those values. Psychology, ethics and behavioral science have each

  • The importance of indigenous peoples' lands for the conservation of terrestrial mammals.
    Conserv. Biol. (IF 5.405) Pub Date : 2020-08-27
    Christopher J O'Bryan,Stephen T Garnett,John E Fa,Ian Leiper,Jose Rehbein,Álvaro Fernández-Llamazares,Micha V Jackson,Harry D Jonas,Eduardo S Brondizio,Neil D Burgess,Catherine J Robinson,Kerstin K Zander,Oscar Venter,James E M Watson

    Indigenous Peoples’ lands cover over one‐quarter of Earth's surface, a significant proportion of which is still free from industrial‐level human impacts. As a result, Indigenous Peoples and their lands are crucial for the long‐term persistence of Earth's biodiversity and ecosystem services. Yet, information on species composition within Indigenous Peoples’ lands globally remains largely unknown. Here

  • Determinants of population persistence and abundance of terrestrial and arboreal vertebrates stranded in tropical forest land-bridge islands.
    Conserv. Biol. (IF 5.405) Pub Date : 2020-08-27
    Maíra Benchimol,Carlos A Peres

    Mega‐dams are among the key modern drivers of habitat and biodiversity loss in emerging economies. The Balbina Hydroelectric Dam of Central Brazilian Amazonia inundated 312,900 ha of primary forests and created ∼3500 variable‐sized islands that still harbor vertebrate populations after nearly three decades of post‐isolation history. Here, we estimated the species richness, abundance, biomass, composition

  • Motivations for the use and consumption of wildlife products.
    Conserv. Biol. (IF 5.405) Pub Date : 2020-08-05
    Laura Thomas-Walters,Amy Hinsley,Daniel Bergin,Gayle Burgess,Hunter Doughty,Sara Eppel,Douglas MacFarlane,Wander Meijer,Tien Ming Lee,Jacob Phelps,Robert J Smith,Anita K Y Wan,Diogo Veríssimo

    The dominant approach to combating the illegal wildlife trade has traditionally been to restrict the supply of wildlife products. Yet conservationists increasingly recognize the importance of implementing demand‐side interventions that target the end consumers in the trade chain. Their aim is to curb the consumption of wildlife or shift consumption to more sustainable alternatives. However, there are

  • Wildlife collection for scientific purposes.
    Conserv. Biol. (IF 5.405) Pub Date : 2020-06-25
    Caroline Fukushima,Rick West,Thomas Pape,Lyubomir Penev,Leif Schulman,Pedro Cardoso

    Illegal transfer of wildlife has 2 main purposes: trade and scientific research. Trade is the most common, whereas scientific research is much less common and unprofitable, yet still important. Biopiracy in science is often neglected despite that many researchers encounter it during their careers. The use of illegally acquired specimens is detected in different research fields, from scientists bioprospecting

  • Assisted species migration and hybridization to conserve cold-adapted plants under climate change.
    Conserv. Biol. (IF 5.405) Pub Date : 2020-07-09
    Kimberly M Charles,Ivana Stehlik

    Temperature rise due to climate change is putting many arctic and alpine plants at risk of extinction because their ability to react is outpaced by the speed of climate change. We considered assisted species migration (ASM) and hybridization as methods to conserve cold‐adapted species (or the genes thereof) and to minimize the potential perturbation of ecosystems due to climate change. Assisted species

  • Automated conservation assessment of the orchid family with deep learning.
    Conserv. Biol. (IF 5.405) Pub Date : 2020-08-25
    Alexander Zizka,Daniele Silvestro,Pati Vitt,Tiffany M Knight

    IUCN Red List assessments are essential for prioritizing conservation needs but are resource‐intensive and therefore only available for a fraction of global species richness. Automated conservation assessments based on digitally available geographic occurrence records can be a rapid alternative, but it is unclear how reliable these assessments are. Here, we present automated conservation assessments

  • Estimating animal population size with very high resolution satellite imagery.
    Conserv. Biol. (IF 5.405) Pub Date : 2020-08-24
    Peng Zhao,Shuming Liu,Yi Zhou,Tim Lynch,Wenhu Lu,Tao Zhang,Hongsheng Yang

    Very high‐resolution (VHR) satellite sensors can be used to estimate the size of animal populations, a critical factor in wildlife management, and acquire animal spatial distributions in an economical, easy, and precise way. We developed a method for satellite population size estimation that includes a noninvasive photogrammetry, from which the animal's average orthographic area is calculated, and

  • Meta-analysis of genetic representativeness of plant populations under ex situ conservation in contrast to wild source populations.
    Conserv. Biol. (IF 5.405) Pub Date : 2020-08-24
    Xinzeng Wei,Mingxi Jiang

    Ex‐situ conservation is widely used to protect wild plant species from extinction. However, it remains unclear how genetic variation of ex‐situ plant collections reflects wild source population diversity. Here, we conduct a global meta‐analysis of the genetic representativeness of ex‐situ populations by comparing genetic diversity (i.e. AR, allelic richness; HE, expected heterozygosity; PPB, percentage

  • Correlates of bird collisions with buildings across three North American countries.
    Conserv. Biol. (IF 5.405) Pub Date : 2020-06-15
    Jared A Elmore,Stephen B Hager,Bradley J Cosentino,Timothy J O'Connell,Corey S Riding,Michelle L Anderson,Marja H Bakermans,Than J Boves,David Brandes,Eric M Butler,Michael W Butler,Nicolette L Cagle,Rafael Calderón-Parra,Angelo P Capparella,Anqi Chen,Kendra Cipollini,April A T Conkey,Thomas A Contreras,Rebecca I Cooper,Clay E Corbin,Robert L Curry,Jerald J Dosch,Karen L Dyson,Erin E Fraser,Ross A

    Collisions with buildings cause up to 1 billion bird fatalities annually in the United States and Canada. However, efforts to reduce collisions would benefit from studies conducted at large spatial scales across multiple study sites with standardized methods and consideration of species‐ and life‐history‐related variation and correlates of collisions. We addressed these research needs through coordinated

  • Understanding the distribution of bushmeat hunting effort across landscapes by testing hypotheses about human foraging.
    Conserv. Biol. (IF 5.405) Pub Date : 2020-08-19
    Jedediah F Brodie,Jose M V Fragoso

    Mitigating the massive impacts of defaunation on natural ecosystems requires understanding and predicting hunting effort across the landscape. But such understanding has been hindered by the difficulty in assessing the movement patterns of hunters in thick forests and across complex terrain. Here we develop several ways of statistically testing hypotheses about the spatial distribution of hunting,

  • Using environmental and geographic data to optimize ex situ collections and preserve evolutionary potential.
    Conserv. Biol. (IF 5.405) Pub Date : 2020-06-10
    Lionel N Di Santo,Jill A Hamilton

    Maintenance of biodiversity through seed banks and botanical gardens, where the wealth of species’ genetic variation may be preserved ex situ, is a major goal of conservation. However, challenges can persist in optimizing ex situ collections if trade‐offs exist among cost, effort, and conserving species evolutionary potential, particularly when genetic data are not available. We evaluated the genetic

  • Effects of the Argentine ant venom on terrestrial amphibians.
    Conserv. Biol. (IF 5.405) Pub Date : 2020-08-18
    Paloma Alvarez-Blanco,Xim Cerdá,Abraham Hefetz,Raphaël Boulay,Alejandro Bertó-Moran,Carmen Díaz-Paniagua,Alain Lenoir,Johan Billen,H Christoph Liedtke,Kamlesh R Chauhan,Ganga Bhagavathy,Elena Angulo

    Invasive species have major impacts on biodiversity and are one of the primary causes of amphibian decline and extinction. Unlike other top ant invaders that negatively affect larger fauna via chemical defensive compounds, the Argentine ant (Linepithema humile) does not have a functional sting. Nonetheless, it deploys defensive compounds against competitors and adversaries. We estimated levels of ant

  • Effects of site-selection bias on estimates of biodiversity change.
    Conserv. Biol. (IF 5.405) Pub Date : 2020-08-18
    Andrea Mentges,Shane A Blowes,Dorothee Hodapp,Helmut Hillebrand,Jonathan M Chase

    Estimates of biodiversity change are essential for the management and conservation of ecosystems. Accurate estimates rely on selecting representative sites, but monitoring often focuses on sites of special interest. How such site‐selection biases influence estimates of biodiversity change is largely unknown. Site‐selection bias potentially occurs across four major sources of biodiversity data, decreasing

  • Reduction in global habitat loss from fossil-fuel-dependent increases in cropland productivity.
    Conserv. Biol. (IF 5.405) Pub Date : 2020-08-17
    Indur M Goklany

    Terrestrial biodiversity loss is among the world's greatest environmental threats. It is driven mainly by loss of habitat to agriculture, and by climate change caused mainly from fossil fuel (FF) use. However, FF‐dependent technologies are currently essential for manufacturing synthetic nitrogen fertilizers (SNFs) and synthetic pesticides (SP) that are critical to increasing agricultural productivity

  • The bean method as a tool to measure sensitive behaviour.
    Conserv. Biol. (IF 5.405) Pub Date : 2020-08-13
    Sorrel Jones,Sarah Papworth,Aidan M Keane,Juliet Vickery,Freya A V St John

    Conservationists need to measure human behaviour to guide decisions and evaluate their impact. However, activities can be misreported and reporting accuracy might change following conservation interventions, making it hard to verify any apparent changes. Techniques for asking sensitive questions are increasingly integrated into survey designs to improve data quality but some can be costly or hard for

  • Incorporating putatively neutral and adaptive genomic data into marine conservation planning.
    Conserv. Biol. (IF 5.405) Pub Date : 2020-08-12
    Amanda Xuereb,Cassidy C D'Aloia,Marco Andrello,Louis Bernatchez,Marie-Josée Fortin

    The availability of genomic data for an increasing number of species makes it possible to incorporate evolutionary processes into conservation plans. Recent studies have demonstrated how genetic data can inform spatial conservation prioritization (SCP), but focused on metrics of diversity and distinctness derived primarily from neutral genetic datasets. Identifying adaptive genetic markers can provide

  • Markets and the crowding out of conservation-relevant behavior.
    Conserv. Biol. (IF 5.405) Pub Date : 2020-08-11
    Joshua E Cinner,Michele L Barnes,Georgina G Gurney,Stewart Lockie,Cristian Rojas

    Markets are increasingly being incorporated into many aspects of our daily lives and are becoming an important part of the conservation solution space. Although market‐based solutions to environmental problems can result in improvements to conservation, a body of social science research highlights how markets may also have unforeseen consequences by crowding out or displacing three key types of behaviors

  • Let's welcome a variety of voices to invasion biology.
    Conserv. Biol. (IF 5.405) Pub Date : 2020-08-11
    Mark A Davis

    Article Impact Statement : Efforts by some invasion biologists to limit voices from the humanities and social sciences weakens the field.

  • Cover Caption
    Conserv. Biol. (IF 5.405) Pub Date : 2020-08-11

    Cover : Crop‐raiding Japanese macaques (Macaca fuscata ). Populations of macaques and other large terrestrial animals, such as sika deer (Cervus nippon ), have rebounded following depopulation of rural areas in Japan and resulted in an increase in human‐wildlife conflict. Such conflicts may be alleviated by aggregation of human‐use areas in a land‐sharing approach. See Tsunoda and Enari (pages 819‐828)

  • Ensuring tests of conservation interventions build on existing literature.
    Conserv. Biol. (IF 5.405) Pub Date : 2020-08-11
    William J Sutherland,Sergio Ticul Alvarez-Castañeda,Tatsuya Amano,Roberto Ambrosini,Philip Atkinson,John M Baxter,Alexander L Bond,Philip J Boon,Katherine L Buchanan,Jos Barlow,Giuseppe Bogliani,Olivia M Bragg,Mark Burgman,Marc W Cadotte,Michael Calver,Steven J Cooke,Richard T Corlett,Vincent Devictor,John G Ewen,Martin Fisher,Guy Freeman,Edward Game,Brendan J Godley,Christian Gortázar,Ian R Hartley

    That scientific knowledge grows by building on previous understanding is familiarly expressed in English by Isaac Newton's phrasing of a much older idea, “If I have seen further it is by standing on the shoulders of giants.” However, in science, we often do not always clamber as high as we could because we fail to consider previous work. Multiple factors beyond quality and relevance affect the likelihood

  • Infectious disease and emergency conservation interventions.
    Conserv. Biol. (IF 5.405) Pub Date : 2020-07-22
    Andrew Peters,Anna Meredith,Lee Skerratt,Scott Carver,Shane Raidal

    Primum non nocere —first do no harm—is a familiar idiom in medicine and valuable advice for those involved in planning and undertaking intensive conservation interventions in conservation emergencies such as Australia's bushfires. The risk of introducing or amplifying infectious disease to a threatened species in such interventions is real, and effective mitigation of this risk demands its prioritization

  • Examining Options to Promote Human–Wildlife Coexistence
    Conserv. Biol. (IF 5.405) Pub Date : 2020-06-04
    Susan Catherine Cork

    Human–Wildlife Interactions: Turning Conflict into Coexistence . Frank, B., J.A. Glikman, and S. Marchini, editors. 2019. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, U.K. xxii+ 456 pp. £34.99 (paperback). ISBN 978‐1‐108‐40258‐3. As the human population expands into new areas at a global scale, there is a greater likelihood of frequent interactions between human communities and wildlife. Although coexistence

  • Conserving Primates in the Anthropocene
    Conserv. Biol. (IF 5.405) Pub Date : 2020-06-17
    Thibaud Gruber

    Primate Research and Conservation in the Anthropocene. Behie, A.M., J.A. Teichroeb, and N. Malone, editors. 2019. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, U.K. xviii+293 pp. £34.99 (paperback). ISBN 978‐1‐316‐61021‐3 . Primates in Flooded Habitats: Ecology and Conservation . Nowak, K., A. A. Barnett, and I. Matsuda, editors. 2019. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, U.K. xvii+446 pp. £110.00 (hardcover)

  • Noted with Interest
    Conserv. Biol. (IF 5.405) Pub Date : 2020-06-12

    Agricultural Resilience: Perspectives from Ecology and Economics . Gardner, S. M., S. J. Ramsden, and R. S. Hails, editors. 2019. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, United Kingdom. 389 pp. £34.99 (paperback). ISBN 978‐1‐107‐66587‐3. Scientists and practitioners increasingly recognize that a diverse set of approaches is necessary to create resilient landscapes and tackle environmental challenges

  • 更新日期:2020-08-11
  • Threats posed to conservation by media misinformation.
    Conserv. Biol. (IF 5.405) Pub Date : 2020-08-09
    Adam G Hart,Rosie Cooney,Amy Dickman,Darragh Hare,Charles Jonga,Paul Johnson,Maxi Pia Louis,Rodgers Lubilo,Dilys Roe,Catherine Semcer,Keith Somerville

    Article Impact Statement : Media coverage of trophy hunting highlights the potential for misinformation to enter public and political debates on conservation issues.

  • Evaluating surrogates of genetic diversity for conservation planning.
    Conserv. Biol. (IF 5.405) Pub Date : 2020-08-05
    Jeffrey O Hanson,Ana Veríssimo,Guillermo Velo-Antón,Adam Marques,Miguel Camacho-Sanchez,Íñigo Martínez-Solano,Helena Gonçalves,Fernando Sequeira,Hugh P Possingham,Silvia B Carvalho

    Protected area systems should conserve intra‐specific genetic diversity. Since genetic data require resources to obtain, several approaches have been proposed for generating plans for protected area systems (prioritizations) when genetic data are not available. Yet such surrogate‐based approaches remain poorly tested. We evaluated the effectiveness of potential surrogate‐based approaches using microsatellite

  • Ethics and biodiversity offsetting.
    Conserv. Biol. (IF 5.405) Pub Date : 2020-08-05
    Mikael Karlsson,Karin Edvardsson Björnberg

    Biodiversity offsetting is an increasingly applied tool aiming to compensate for environmental damage caused by exploitation projects. Critics, however, raise concerns over the purported effectiveness of offsetting and question the ethical underpinnings and implications of offsetting. But these ethical dimensions have largely been overlooked in research, which may lead to offsetting systems that fail

  • Invasion costs, impacts, and human agency: Response to Sagoff 2020
    Conserv. Biol. (IF 5.405) Pub Date : 2020-07-30
    Ross N. Cuthbert; Sven Bacher; Tim M. Blackburn; Elizabeta Briski; Christophe Diagne; Jaimie T. A. Dick; Franz Essl; Piero Genovesi; Phillip J. Haubrock; Guillaume Latombe; Bernd Lenzner; Yves Meinard; Aníbal Pauchard; Petr Pyšek; Anthony Ricciardi; David M. Richardson; James C. Russell; Daniel Simberloff; Franck Courchamp

    Article impact statement : In an era of profound biodiversity crisis, invasion costs, invader impacts, and human agency should not be dismissed.

  • Message framing in the time of the precautionary principle: response to Martell and Rodewald 2019.
    Conserv. Biol. (IF 5.405) Pub Date : 2020-07-30
    Alexander M Kusmanoff

    Martell and Rodewald (2019) considered the recent changes made by The Guardian to its style guide. These changes include the reframing of climate change as climate emergency , crisis , or breakdown and global warming as global heating (Carrington 2019). The Guardian ’s goal in making these changes is to “more accurately describe the environmental crises facing the world” and to “ensure that we are

  • Media transparency and evidence-based framing: reply to Kusmanoff.
    Conserv. Biol. (IF 5.405) Pub Date : 2020-07-30
    Josephine E M Martell,Amanda D Rodewald

  • Quantifying the impact of vegetation-based metrics on species persistence when choosing offsets for habitat destruction.
    Conserv. Biol. (IF 5.405) Pub Date : 2020-07-28
    Erica Marshall,Roozbeh Valavi,Louise O'Connor,Natasha Cadenhead,Darren Southwell,Brendan A Wintle,Heini Kujala

    Developers are often required by law to offset environmental impacts through targeted conservation actions. Most offset policies specify metrics that are used to calculate offset requirements, usually assessing vegetation condition or quality. Despite widespread use, there is little evidence to support the effectiveness of vegetation‐based metrics for ensuring biodiversity persistence. Here, we compared

  • The Land of Orangutans through the Lens of Science
    Conserv. Biol. (IF 5.405) Pub Date : 2020-07-27
    Gabor Pozsgai

    The Ecology of Tropical East Asia . Corlett, R. T. 2019. Oxford University Press, Oxford, U.K. 3rd edition. 320 pp. £45.99 (paperback). ISBN 978‐0‐19‐881702‐4. Images of deforestation for to make way for oil‐palm plantations and dying baby orangutans are easily associated with Tropical East Asia (TEA) on most social media. Reality, as always, is more complex. Those who are interested in the intricate

  • Importance of complementary approaches for efficient vulture conservation: reply to Efrat et al.
    Conserv. Biol. (IF 5.405) Pub Date : 2020-06-25
    Andrea Santangeli,Marco Girardello,Evan R Buechley,Andre Botha,Enrico Di Minin,Atte Moilanen

    Efrat et al. (2020) comment on our paper, Santangeli et al. (2019), in which we identified priority areas for Old World vulture conservation. We performed spatial conservation prioritization analyses based on modeled distributions of 15 vulture species that occur in Africa and Eurasia and on spatially explicit threats, such as poisoning, risk of collision with wind‐energy infrastructure, and other

  • Noted with Interest
    Conserv. Biol. (IF 5.405) Pub Date : 2020-07-27

    Biological Control. Ecology and Applications . Heimpel, G. E., and N. J. Mills. 2017. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, U.K. x. ii+380 pp. £47.99 (hardcover). ISBN 978‐0‐521‐84514‐4. The topic seemingly has little to do with conservation biology, yet this is a good reminder that one should not judge a book by its cover. The authors, two eminent practitioners of biological control, synthesise the

  • Rethinking the Ecology of Towns and VillagesTowns, Ecology, and the Land. Forman, R.T.T. 2019. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, U.K. xviii+ 585 pp. £39.99 (paperback). ISBN 978‐1‐316‐64860‐5.
    Conserv. Biol. (IF 5.405) Pub Date : 2020-07-27
    Ezequiel González

    In its beginnings, ecology as a discipline focused mainly on the study of natural, pristine environments to understand their structure and functioning. Later on, as human impacts on the planet became more evident, the interest in anthropogenic habitats, such as agricultural landscapes or urbanized areas increased. Nevertheless, there seems to be a meeting point where natural habitats interact with

  • Evaluation of the use of psychometric scales in human-wildlife interaction research to determine attitudes and tolerance toward wildlife.
    Conserv. Biol. (IF 5.405) Pub Date : 2020-07-25
    K Whitehouse-Tedd,J Abell,A Dunn

    Studies evaluating human‐wildlife interactions (HWI) in a conservation context often include psychometric scales to measure attitudes and tolerance towards wildlife. However, data quality is at risk when such scales are used without appropriate validation or reliability testing, potentially leading to erroneous interpretation or application of findings. Two online databases (ProQuest Psych Info and

  • Enhancing synergies between action on ocean acidification and the post-2020 global biodiversity framework.
    Conserv. Biol. (IF 5.405) Pub Date : 2020-07-24
    Ellycia Harrould-Kolieb

    Ocean acidification is a substantial emergent threat to marine biodiversity and the goods and services it provides. While efforts to address ocean acidification have been taken under the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD), a far greater potential to do so exists by finding synergies between biodiversity conservation efforts and ocean acidification action. The ongoing process to develop a post‐2020

  • Evaluating the outcomes of genetic rescue attempts.
    Conserv. Biol. (IF 5.405) Pub Date : 2020-07-23
    Zachary Robinson,Donovan Bell,Tashi Dhendup,Gordon Luikart,Andrew Whiteley,Marty Kardos

    Augmenting gene flow is a powerful tool for the conservation of small, isolated populations. However, genetic rescue attempts have largely been limited to populations at the brink of extinction, in part due to concerns over negative outcomes (e.g., outbreeding depression). Increasing habitat fragmentation may necessitate more proactive genetic management. Broader application of augmented gene flow

  • Convergence of stakeholders' environmental threat perceptions following mass coral bleaching of the Great Barrier Reef.
    Conserv. Biol. (IF 5.405) Pub Date : 2020-07-17
    Lauric Thiault,Matthew I Curnock,Georgina G Gurney,Scott F Heron,Nadine A Marshall,Erin Bohensky,Nao Nakamura,Petina L Pert,Joachim Claudet

    Managing human use of ecosystems in an era of rapid environmental change requires an understanding of diverse stakeholders’ behaviors and perceptions to enable effective prioritization of actions to mitigate multiple threats. Specifically, research examining how threat perceptions are shared or diverge among stakeholder groups, and how these can evolve through time, is increasingly important. Here

  • Combined effects of life-history traits and human impact on extinction risk of freshwater megafauna.
    Conserv. Biol. (IF 5.405) Pub Date : 2020-07-16
    Fengzhi He,Simone D Langhans,Christiane Zarfl,Roland Wanke,Klement Tockner,Sonja C Jähnig

    Megafauna species are intrinsically vulnerable to human impact. Freshwater megafauna, i.e. freshwater animals ≥ 30 kg, including fishes, mammals, reptiles, and amphibians, are subject to intensive and increasing threats, with 34 species listed as Critically Endangered on the IUCN Red List. IUCN Red List assessments are an important basis for conservation actions but remain incomplete for 49 (24%) freshwater

  • Three ways to deliver a net positive impact with biodiversity offsets.
    Conserv. Biol. (IF 5.405) Pub Date : 2020-05-10
    Atte Moilanen,Janne S Kotiaho

    Biodiversity offsetting is the practice of using conservation actions, such as habitat restoration, management, or protection, to compensate for ecological losses caused by development activity, including construction projects. The typical goal of offsetting is no net loss (NNL), which means that all ecological losses are compensated for by commensurate offset gains. We focused on a conceptual and

  • Relationships among host microbiota, parasite resistance or tolerance, and host fitness.
    Conserv. Biol. (IF 5.405) Pub Date : 2020-07-11
    Andreas Eleftheriou

    Article impact statement: Parasite‐induced shifts in host microbiota that lead to parasite resistance or tolerance may have unintended consequences for host fitness.

  • Reallocating budgets among ongoing and emerging conservation projects.
    Conserv. Biol. (IF 5.405) Pub Date : 2020-07-09
    Chung-Huey Wu,Aaron J Dodd,Cindy E Hauser,Michael A McCarthy

    Conserving biodiversity and combating ecological hazards require cost‐effective allocation of limited resources among potential management projects. Project priorities, however, can be both stochastic and dynamic over time as underlying social‐ecological systems progress, novel priorities emerge, and management capabilities evolve. Thus, reallocation of ongoing investments in response to shifting priorities

  • Measuring impacts on species with models and metrics of varying ecological and computational complexity.
    Conserv. Biol. (IF 5.405) Pub Date : 2020-05-10
    Christopher D Hallam,Brendan A Wintle,Heini Kujala,Amy L Whitehead,Emily Nicholson

    Approaches to assess the impacts of landscape disturbance scenarios on species range from metrics based on patterns of occurrence or habitat to comprehensive models that explicitly include ecological processes. The choice of metrics and models affects how impacts are interpreted and conservation decisions. We explored the impacts of 3 realistic disturbance scenarios on 4 species with different ecological

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