当前期刊: Environmental Science and Pollution Research Go to current issue    加入关注   
显示样式:        排序: 导出
我的关注
我的收藏
您暂时未登录!
登录
  • Correction to: Associations of trace elements in blood with the risk of isolated ventricular septum defects and abnormal cardiac structure in children
    Environ. Sci. Pollut. Res. (IF 2.914) Pub Date : 2020-01-17
    Yu Zhu, Cheng Xu, Yuxi Zhang, Zongyun Xie, Yaqin Shu, Changgui Lu, Xuming Mo

    The original publication of this paper contains an error.

    更新日期:2020-01-17
  • A systematic study of the synthesis conditions of blue and green ultramarine pigments via the reclamation of the industrial zeolite wastes and agricultural rice husks
    Environ. Sci. Pollut. Res. (IF 2.914) Pub Date : 2020-01-17
    Haibo Wang, Shan Zhang, Songyuan Hu, Zhiwei Zhen, Mario Alberto Gomez, Shuhua Yao

    Abstract Discarded industrial zeolite waste and agricultural rice husks have caused a waste of resources. To achieve resource reuse, we proposed an economical method for the preparation of ultramarine pigments via the reclamation of industrial zeolite waste (ZW) and agricultural rice husks (RHs) or previously bio-charred rice husks (BRHs). The optimal blue and green pigments were synthesized by solid state reaction of mixtures of BRH/ZW/Na2CO3/S with mass ratios of 1:2:1:1.5 and 2:2:7:3, respectively, and using a two-step calcination process with a first stage at 500 and a second stage at 800 °C. Furthermore, the blue and green pigments were also obtained using directly RH (instead of BRH) as raw material, but this time with RH/ZW/Na2CO3/S mass ratios of 1:2:2:3 and 1:2:7:3.5 and with first-stage and second-stage calcination temperatures of 400 and 800 °C. This was done to reduce additional chemical reactions (e.g., BRH derived from the pyrolysis of RH). The XRD, FT-IR, Raman, and SEM results suggest that the synthetic blue and green pigments have the sodalite structure containing S3− and S2− radicals. The synthetic green pigment using RH as raw material had the best acid resistance. Additionally, the synthesis of blue and green ultramarine pigments via the reclamation of the industrial zeolite wastes and agricultural rice husks can reduce the costs of the production process.

    更新日期:2020-01-17
  • Photodegradation of 4-nitrophenol over B-doped TiO 2 nanostructure: effect of dopant concentration, kinetics, and mechanism
    Environ. Sci. Pollut. Res. (IF 2.914) Pub Date : 2020-01-17
    Vandana Yadav, Priyanka Verma, Himani Sharma, Sudhiranjan Tripathy, Vipin Kumar Saini

    The 4-nitrophenol (4-NP) is one of the carcinogenic pollutants listed by US EPA and has been detected in industrial wastewater. This study investigates the photocatalytic degradation of 4-NP with TiO2 and boron (B)-doped TiO2 nanostructures. The degradation on undoped and B-doped TiO2 with various boron loadings (1–7%) was studied to establish a relationship between structure, interface, and photo-catalytic properties. The results of XRD, micro Raman, FTIR, and HRTEM show that the B doping has improved the crystallinity and induces rutile phase along with anatase (major phase). The N2 adsorption-desorption, SEM-EDX, and XPS indicated that the B induced the formation of mesoporous nanostructures in TiO2 and occupies interstitial sites by forming Ti-O-B type linkage. The surface area of pure TiO2 was decreased from 235.4 to 63.3 m2/g in B-TiO2. The photo-physical properties were characterized by UV-Vis DRS, which showed decrease in the optical band-gap of pure TiO2 (2.98 eV) to B-TiO2 (2.95 eV). The degradation results demonstrated that the B doping improved the photocatalytic activity of TiO2; however, this improvement depends on the B concentration in doped TiO2. B-doped TiO2 (> 5% B) showed 90 % degradation of 4-NP, whereas the undoped TiO2 can degrade only 79 % of 4-NP. The degradation followed pseudo-first-order kinetics with rate constant values of 0.006 min-1 and 0.0322 min-1 for pure TiO2 and B-TiO2 respectively. The existence of a reduced form of Ti3+ on the surface of TiO2 (as evidence from XPS) was found responsible for enhancement in photocatalytic activity.

    更新日期:2020-01-17
  • Therapeutical properties of Mimosa caesalpiniifolia in rat liver intoxicated with cadmium
    Environ. Sci. Pollut. Res. (IF 2.914) Pub Date : 2020-01-17
    Eliene Cezario de Lima, Carolina Foot Gomes de Moura, Marcelo Jose Dias Silva, Wagner Vilegas, Aline Boveto Santamarina, Luciana Pellegrini Pisani, Flavia de Oliveira, Daniel Araki Ribeiro

    Abstract The aim of this study was to evaluate the therapeutic properties of Mimosa caesalpiniifolia in liver of rats exposed to cadmium under morphological, oxidative, inflammatory, and mutagenic parameters. A total of 40 Wistar rats (90 days, ~ 250 g) were distributed into eight groups (n = 5) as follows: (i) control; (ii) cadmium: cadmium chloride injection at 1.2 mg/kg; (iii) Mimosa extract: treatment with Mimosa extract at 250 mg/kg; (iv) Mimosa fraction: treatment with Mimosa acetate fraction at 62.5 mg/kg; (v) cadmium and Mimosa extract 62.5: submitted to cadmium chloride at 1.2 mg/kg injection and treatment with Mimosa extract at 62.5 mg/kg; (vi) cadmium and Mimosa extract 125: subjected to cadmium chloride at 1.2 mg/kg injection and treatment with Mimosa extract at 125 mg/kg; (vii) cadmium and Mimosa 250 extract: submitted to cadmium chloride 1.2 mg/kg injection and treatment with Mimosa extract at 250 mg/kg; (viii) cadmium treated with fraction of Mimosa acetate: submitted to cadmium chloride 1.2 mg/kg injection and treatment with acetate fraction of Mimosa extract at 62.5 mg/kg. In the animals intoxicated with cadmium and treated with fraction [62.5], increased expression of SOD-Mn reduced frequency of binucleated hepatocytes, karyolysis, and karyorrhexis, besides the antimutagenic and antioxidant action. The extract [62.5] was cytoprotective, antimutagenic, and reduced karyolysis. The extract [125] was cytoprotective, antioxidant, antifibrotic, anti-inflammatory, and reduced frequency of binucleated hepatocytes, while extract [250] was cytotoxic and mutagenic. In summary, the extract of Mimosa exerts some therapeutic properties in hepatic tissue after Cd intoxication, but only when it is administrated at intermediate doses. Probably, a high content of polyphenols in the EHM [250] and Fr-EtOAc groups exert pro-oxidant activities in the liver particularly when associated with Cd.

    更新日期:2020-01-17
  • Greenhouse gas emissions, non-renewable energy consumption, and output in South America: the role of the productive structure
    Environ. Sci. Pollut. Res. (IF 2.914) Pub Date : 2020-01-17
    Qiushi Deng, Rafael Alvarado, Elisa Toledo, Leidy Caraguay

    Abstract Most of the countries of South America depend heavily on mining and agriculture, which develops through the destruction of the forest. The expansion of the agricultural frontier is more visible in countries with proximity to the Amazon. Otherwise, the increase in urban primacy and real income per capita has led to an increase in the use of non-renewable energy in recent decades. The interest in quantifying greenhouse gas emissions has increased, oriented towards the search for mechanisms that mitigate the irreversible effects of climate change. In this context, the objective of this research is to examine the causal link among non-renewable energy consumption and real GDP per capita in greenhouse gas emissions in ten countries of South America during 1971–2014. In addition, we group the countries according to their productive structure and we incorporate the structural changes of each country in the econometric estimations, allowing to significantly improve the understanding of the sources of greenhouse gases. We use cointegration and causality techniques for time series data, and we found that there is a relationship of short- and long-term equilibrium between the three variables in all countries. The causality test indicates that in Bolivia, Peru, and Uruguay, there is causality from the consumption of non-renewable energy to greenhouse gas emissions. Likewise, in Venezuela and the agricultural countries, GDP causes greenhouse gas emissions. An implication of the public policy derived from this research is that most of the countries of South America can promote a change in the energy matrix to contribute to the mitigation of greenhouse gas emissions without limiting economic growth.

    更新日期:2020-01-17
  • Effective removal of Cr(VI) from aqueous solution based on APTES modified nanoporous silicon prepared from kerf loss silicon waste
    Environ. Sci. Pollut. Res. (IF 2.914) Pub Date : 2020-01-17
    Ziheng Yang, Xiuhua Chen, Shaoyuan Li, Wenhui Ma, Yi Li, Zudong He, Huanran Hu

    Abstract Recently, the recycling of kerf loss silicon waste has trigged much attention due to the rapid growth of PV market. In this study, 3-aminopropylethoxysilane (APTES)-functionalized nanoporous silicon (NPSi) hybrid materials were prepared by nanosilver-assisted chemical etching (Ag-ACE) of kerf loss silicon waste derived from diamond-wire saw cutting silicon ingot process. The resulting APTES-NPSi indicated high-effective adsorption ability of Cr(VI) from aqueous solution, which was highly pH dependent, and the maximum adsorption capacity reached up to 103.75 mg/g after 60 min at room temperature. The adsorption kinetics and adsorption isotherms were in good agreement with pseudo-second-order model and Langmuir isotherm. Additionally, the Cr(VI) up-take mechanism was carefully investigated and ascribed to the Cr(VI) adsorption on the protonated anime groups by chemical chelating reaction in which the Cr(VI) was reduced to Cr(III). It was worth mentioning that the APTES-NPSi maintained excellent adsorption capacity after five successive regenerated cycles. Therefore, the work would pave the way for recycling of silicon cutting waste and the potential of Cr(VI) removal from aqueous solution based on the modified NPSi.

    更新日期:2020-01-17
  • Maternal urinary bisphenol A concentration and thyroid hormone levels of Chinese mothers and newborns by maternal body mass index
    Environ. Sci. Pollut. Res. (IF 2.914) Pub Date : 2020-01-17
    Xia Wang, Ning Tang, Shoji F. Nakayama, Pianpian Fan, Zhiwei Liu, Jun Zhang, Fengxiu Ouyang

    Animal studies indicated that bisphenol A (BPA) exposure during pregnancy may disrupt thyroid function which is critical for fetal development. However, few epidemiological studies have examined this topic and the results were inconsistent. We aimed to evaluate whether prenatal BPA exposure is associated with thyroid hormone levels in Chinese mothers and newborns with stratification by maternal body mass index (BMI). BPA concentration were measured in urine samples collected from 555 women at late pregnancy. Maternal serum free thyroxin (FT4), thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH) and thyroid peroxidase antibody (TPO-Ab) concentrations at the third trimester were abstracted from medical records. Cord serum-free triiodothyronine (FT3), FT4, TSH, and TPO-Ab levels were measured in 398 newborns. Prenatal urinary BPA was detected in 98.5% of mothers with a geometric mean of 1.32 ng/mL (95% CI 1.17–1.49 ng/mL). With each 10-fold increase in BPA concentrations, maternal log10_(TSH) mIU/L was 0.10 lowered (95% CI − 0.20, − 0.005, p < 0.05) among pre-pregnancy BMI > 23 kg/m2, with adjustment for maternal age, maternal education, gestation diabetes mellitus (GDM), husband smoking during pregnancy, parity, and gestational age at thyroid parameters measured, but no association was observed in pre-pregnancy BMI < 18.5, or 18.5–22.9 kg/m2 stratum. No BPA-associated changes were observed in maternal FT4 level or odds of positive TPO-Ab in all BMI stratum. Also, no associations were observed between prenatal urinary BPA concentration and cord serum FT4, FT3, TSH levels, and odds of positive TPO-Ab in both male and female newborns among pre-pregnancy BMI < 18.5, 18.5–22.9 or > 23 kg/m2 stratum. In this study, prenatal urinary BPA concentration was associated with lower maternal TSH among women with overweight, but not associated with other maternal thyroid parameters or cord serum thyroid parameters across maternal BMI categories. More research on pregnant women and newborns cohort with BPA exposure are warranted.

    更新日期:2020-01-17
  • Field analysis of PAHs in surface sediments of the Pearl River Estuary and their environmental impacts
    Environ. Sci. Pollut. Res. (IF 2.914) Pub Date : 2020-01-17
    Lixia Niu, Qingshu Yang, Pieter van Gelder, Danna Zeng, Huayang Cai, Feng Liu, Xiangxin Luo

    Abstract Based on a monthly field survey in 2011 of the Pearl River Estuary, the dynamics of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) in surface sediments (depth < 5 cm) were explored. The seasonal variations in PAH level and composition were investigated in this study, as well as their environmental behaviors, the role of particles, and source apportionment. The concentration of the sum of 16 priority PAHs (defined as ∑16PAHs) ranged from 0.32 to 1.10 μg/g, while that of the sum of 62 PAHs (defined as ∑tPAHs) varied from 0.83 to 2.75 μg/g. The levels of both the ∑16PAHs and ∑tPAHs peaked in February, although the minimum levels appeared in different months—December and August, respectively. The seasonal difference in the ∑tPAHs was significant (flood season, 7.69 μg/g; dry season, 10.51 μg/g). The 5-ring PAH compound (e.g., perylene) was the most abundant and was responsible for 35% of the total, which implied a terrestrial input source via the Pearl River. Sediment particles were predominantly composed of clayed sand, and sediment PAHs showed a greater tendency to be adsorbed onto the large-sized particles rather than the fine fractions. Total organic carbon (TOC) could considerably facilitate the sediment PAHs. Principal component analysis revealed that vehicle emission sources, petroleum sources, and combustion sources were the major anthropogenic contamination sources. The diagnostic ratios of various individual PAHs were also explored. These findings are particularly useful for understanding the geochemistry of organic pollutants in the complex estuarine environment.

    更新日期:2020-01-17
  • Comparative study of the influence of linear and branched alkyltrichlorosilanes on the removal efficiency of polyethylene and polypropylene-based microplastic particles from water
    Environ. Sci. Pollut. Res. (IF 2.914) Pub Date : 2020-01-17
    Michael Toni Sturm, Adrian Frank Herbort, Harald Horn, Katrin Schuhen

    Abstract Microplastics are a global environmental pollution. Due to this fact, new solutions are needed to reduce the amount in various aquatic environments. A new concept introduced by Herbort and Schuhen from the year 2016 describes the agglomeration of microplastics in water using silicon-based precursors. In the study presented here, alkyltrichlorosilanes with different linear and branched alkyl groups and a chain length between 1 and 18 carbon (C-) atoms are investigated for their suitability to fix microplastics (mixtures of polyethylene (PE) and polypropylene (PP)) and to form larger agglomerates. As the alkyl group has a major influence on the reaction rate and agglomeration behavior, we present here the extensive data collection of the evaluation of the best case. The removal efficiency is determined gravimetrically. The reaction behavior and the fixation process are characterized by hydrolysis kinetics. 29Si-MAS-NMR spectroscopy, IR spectroscopy, and thermogravimetry (TGA) are used to characterize the chemical composition of the agglomerates. Finally, the use of optical coherence tomography (OCT) allows the visualization of the formed agglomerates. The results show that the different alkyl groups have a strong impact on the suitability of the alkyltrichlorosilanes for the agglomeration, as they influence the hydrolysis and condensation kinetics in water and the affinity to the microplastics. Best suited for microplastic removal were intermediate chain length between 3 and 5 C-atoms.

    更新日期:2020-01-17
  • Do technological innovations and financial development improve environmental quality in Egypt?
    Environ. Sci. Pollut. Res. (IF 2.914) Pub Date : 2020-01-17
    Dalia M. Ibrahiem

    Achieving the seventh Sustainable Development Goal which is clean energy at affordable prices depending on technological innovation is one of the most strategic objectives of Egypt, aiming at mitigating carbon dioxide emissions and enhancing sustainable economic growth (IRENA 2018b). Based upon this goal, the study explores the relationships among carbon dioxide emissions, technological innovation, alternative energy resources, economic growth, and financial development in Egypt over the period 1971–2014. Auto-regressive distributed lag (ARDL), fully modified ordinary least square (FMOLS), Stock and Watson dynamic ordinary least square (DOLS), and Toda-Yamamoto approaches are employed. The results show the existence of cointegration among the variables. Moreover, empirical results show that while technological innovation and alternative energy resources improve environmental quality, financial development and economic growth deteriorate it. The findings obtained from Toda-Yamamoto approach reveal the existence of bi-directional causal relation between environmental degradation and economic growth. Also, environmental degradation causes technological innovation and financial development causes environmental degradation and economic growth. Thus, several policy implications should be suggested to policymakers as enhancing the development of technological innovation especially in renewable energy sector to improve environmental quality.

    更新日期:2020-01-17
  • Estimates of cutoffs with specificities and sensitivities for urine cotinine and hydroxycotinine for US adults aged ≥ 20 years to classify smokers and nonsmokers
    Environ. Sci. Pollut. Res. (IF 2.914) Pub Date : 2020-01-17
    Ram Baboo Jain

    Abstract Data for urine cotinine and hydroxycotinine became available for the first time in the 2013–2014 cycle of the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey administered by the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Cutoffs to classify smokers and nonsmokers for both cotinine and hydroxycotinine for US adults aged ≥ 20 years were developed by using receiver operating characteristic curve methodology. The optimality criterion used to determine cutoffs simultaneously maximized both specificity and sensitivity. Cutoffs were determined for the total population, males, females, non-Hispanic whites, non-Hispanic blacks, Hispanics, and non-Hispanic Asians. Cutoffs for both cotinine and hydroxycotinine were determined with a minimum sensitivity of 95.5% and with a minimum specificity of 95.4%. For the total population, cutoff for urine cotinine was 91.7 ng/mL estimated with a specificity as well as a sensitivity of 97.1%. The cutoff for the total population for urine hydroxycotinine was 128.0 ng/mL estimated with a specificity as well as a sensitivity of 96.5%. The order in which cutoffs were observed for cotinine was non-Hispanic blacks (283.0 ng/mL) > non-Hispanic whites (111.0 ng/mL) > males (109.0 ng/mL) > females (91.7 ng/mL) > total population (91.7 ng/mL) > Hispanics (20.8 ng/mL) > non-Hispanic Asians (7.39 ng/mL). The order in which cutoffs were observed for hydroxycotinine was non-Hispanic blacks (530.0 ng/mL) > non-Hispanic whites (180.0 ng/mL) > females (97.0 ng/mL) > total population (96.5 ng/mL) > males (95.9 ng/mL) > Hispanics (20.6 ng/mL) > non-Hispanic Asians (13.8 ng/mL). Thus, the largest cutoffs were observed for non-Hispanic blacks and the lowest cutoffs were observed for non-Hispanic Asians.

    更新日期:2020-01-17
  • Investigation of eluted characteristics of fulvic acids using differential spectroscopy combined with Gaussian deconvolution and spectral indices
    Environ. Sci. Pollut. Res. (IF 2.914) Pub Date : 2020-01-17
    Tingting Li, Fanhao Song, Jin Zhang, Shasha Liu, Weiying Feng, Lingling Zuo, Jia Pu, Baoshan Xing, John P. Giesy, Yingchen Bai

    The characteristics of subfractions of soil fulvic acid (FA3, FA5, FA7, FA9, and FA13) using stepwise elution from XAD-8 resin with pyrophosphate buffers were investigated by differential absorption spectroscopy (DAS) and differential fluorescence spectroscopy (DFS) combined with mathematical deconvolution and spectral indices. The log-transformed absorbance spectra (LTAS) exhibited three regions for both acidic-buffer-eluted subfractions (AESF) and neutral-buffer-eluted subfraction (NESF) and four regions for basic-buffer-eluted subfractions (BESF) according to the differences in spectral slopes. The DAS spectra of FA subfractions were closely fitted with seven Gaussian bands with maxima location at 199.66, 216.18 ± 1.50, 246.20 ± 3.85, 285.22 ± 7.26, 345.64 ± 5.30, 389.27, and 307.37 nm, respectively (R2 > 0.993). The content of salicylic-like and carboxyl groups in FA subfractions decreased, while the phenolic chromophore increased with elution sequence. From the 11 spectral indices, AESF had greater molecular weight, condensation, polymerization, hydroxyl radical production, humification degree, and terrigenous contribution, as well as contained more conjugated aromatic structures and less N-containing groups than NESF and BESF. The humification degree and humic characters of FA subfractions were closely associated to the aromaticity, molecular condensation, and DOM–metal-bound functional groups. The proper separation of FA into subfractions is beneficial for reducing its complexity and heterogeneity, which helps us to further explore its chemical properties and interactions with various contaminants in soil environments.

    更新日期:2020-01-17
  • Synthesis of char-based adsorbents from cotton textile waste assisted by iron salts at low pyrolysis temperature for Cr(VI) removal
    Environ. Sci. Pollut. Res. (IF 2.914) Pub Date : 2020-01-17
    Zhihua Xu, Siyi Gu, Zhenhua Sun, Daofang Zhang, Yuwei Zhou, Yuquan Gao, Renzhi Qi, Weifang Chen

    Char-based adsorbents (char-FeCl3, char-FeCl2, and char-FeCit) derived from cotton textile waste (CTW) were synthesized by one-step low-temperature pyrolysis approach with different iron salts. The properties of the samples were conducted by BET, SEM, EDS, XRD, XPS, TEM, and FTIR. The results suggested that the surface areas of char-FeCl3 and char-FeCl2 were higher than those of char-FeCit. The presence of Fe2O3 as well as pyrolysis gas (HCl (g) and H2O (g)) could catalyze the formation of porosity. Meanwhile, FeCl3 showed the strongest catalysis effect to decompose cellulose to produce char. The pyrolysis process analysis was investigated by means of thermogravimetry-DSC. FeCl3 and FeCl2 could accelerate the breakage of cellulose structure whereas FeC6H5O7 was not beneficial to form char at low temperature as the incomplete decomposition of citrate. The adsorption property of Cr(VI) for the chars was evaluated. Adsorption processes were fitted well with the Freundlich model, and char-FeCl3 presented the best adsorptive capacity (70.39 mg/g). Thus, this low-temperature pyrolysis method was economical and technologically simplified as well as efficient adsorption capacity of Cr(VI) removal.

    更新日期:2020-01-17
  • Esterification of sugarcane bagasse by citric acid for Pb 2+ adsorption: effect of different chemical pretreatment methods
    Environ. Sci. Pollut. Res. (IF 2.914) Pub Date : 2020-01-17
    Minh Trang Hoang, Tien Duc Pham, Thi Thuy Pham, Manh Khai Nguyen, Dang Thi To Nu, Thi Hanh Nguyen, Stephan Bartling, Bart Van der Bruggen

    In this study, different pretreatment strategies of sugarcane bagasse prior to citric acid modification were investigated in terms of Pb2+ adsorption capacity. Pretreatment strategies included the use of NaOH, HCl, and C2H5OH in various concentrations. In order to fundamentally understand how these pretreatment methods affect the modification of sugarcane bagasse by citric acid as well as the Pb2+ adsorption capacity of sugarcane bagasse, three main components of sugarcane bagasse namely cellulose, hemicellulose, and lignin were isolated and esterified by citric acid under the same conditions. ATR-FTIR, XPS, SEM, and an analysis of the number of carboxylic acid groups were used to investigate the physicochemical and chemical properties of the materials. These three components were proved to participate in adsorption and induce the esterification with citric acid. Hence, pretreatment with ethanol and 0.01 M NaOH which could retain cellulose, hemicellulose, and lignin in sugarcane bagasse achieved a high Pb2+ adsorption capacity, i.e., 122.4 and 97 mg/g after the esterification with citric acid. In contrast, pretreatment with 0.5 M NaOH and 0.1 M HCl removed lignin and hemicellulose, leading to the lowest value of approximately 45 mg/g for citric acid esterified-pretreated sugarcane bagasse. XPS analysis and number of carboxylic group measurement confirmed the esterification between bagasse and citric acid. To understand the adsorption mechanism of adsorbent, two kinetic models including pseudo-first-order model and pseudo-second-order model were applied. The experimental data were well described by the pseudo-second-order model. The adsorption isotherm data were fitted Langmuir and Freundlich.

    更新日期:2020-01-17
  • Ameliorative effect of curcumin against lead acetate–induced hemato-biochemical alterations, hepatotoxicity, and testicular oxidative damage in rats
    Environ. Sci. Pollut. Res. (IF 2.914) Pub Date : 2020-01-17
    Fatma M. Abdelhamid, Hebatallah A. Mahgoub, Ahmed I. Ateya

    Abstract Lead, toxic heavy metal of global concern, induces toxicity in various organs via oxidative stress. Thereby, in this study, the protective role of curcumin against lead acetate-induced toxicity was evaluated. Thirty-two male albino rats were allocated equally into four groups and orally administered with corn oil as a vehicle (Cont.), curcumin (CUR) (400 mg/kg bw), lead acetate (LA) (100 mg/kg bw), and lead acetate plus curcumin (LA + CUR). All rats had received their treatments daily for 4 weeks. The results revealed that LA toxicity induced normocytic normochromic anemia with significant leukocytosis and lymphocytosis. Moreover, LA-intoxicated rats showed a marked elevation in the liver enzyme activities, serum cholesterol, and triglyceride levels. In contrast, sero-immunological parameters, total protein, albumin, globulin, and testosterone levels were significantly reduced compared to the control rats. Additionally, LA-induced hepatic and testicular oxidative damage revealed by marked increased in MDA level with prominent reduction in the antioxidant system. The gene expression of the hepatic pro-inflammatory markers and testicular steroidogenic biomarkers including LHR and aromatase were significantly upregulated; meanwhile, the expressions of testicular StAR, CYP17a, 3B-HDS, SR-B1, and P450SCC were significantly downregulated in the LA-intoxicated group. Curcumin treatment could partially improve the hematological, biochemical, and histopathological alterations induced by LA. Also, it was observed that curcumin significantly restored hepatic pro-inflammatory markers and testicular steroidogenic enzymes. In conclusion, curcumin has antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, and immunomodulatory effects and is able to minimize the LA-induced oxidative damage in rats.

    更新日期:2020-01-17
  • Impacts of different freeze-thaw treatments on the adsorption and desorption behaviors of Cd in black soil
    Environ. Sci. Pollut. Res. (IF 2.914) Pub Date : 2020-01-17
    Quanying Wang, Jingyue Sun, Hongwen Yu

    Seasonal freeze-thaw cycle (FTC) is one of the key processes that affect heavy metal behaviors in soil. However, previous studies are mainly focused on extreme FTC treatments which may exaggerate the real FTC effects in the field. This study aimed to compare the effects of different FTC conditions on the adsorption and desorption behaviors of Cd in the surface black soil. Different minimum freezing temperatures (− 2, − 5, and − 15 °C), FTC rates (1 and 20 °C h−1), freezing lengths (2 and 24 h), and FTC frequencies (1, 3, and 9) were investigated. The thawing temperature was set at 5 °C. The amplitude for the FTC rate, length, and frequency experiments ranged from 5 to − 2 °C. Our results indicated that the adsorption amounts of Cd presented an order of − 2 °C > − 15 °C > − 5 °C and 24 h > 2 h for different FTC amplitude- and freezing length-treated soils, and the adsorption amounts decreased with increasing FTC rate and frequency. Soil maximum adsorption amount of Cd increased with the increases of FTC frequency, freezing length, and FTC rate, while it decreased with the decreases of freezing temperature. Soil Cd desorption ratio decreased with the increases of FTC frequency, freezing length, and TFC rate, and it increased with the increasing freezing temperature. Our results suggested that FTC conditions can significantly influence the adsorption and desorption behaviors of heavy metal in soil.

    更新日期:2020-01-17
  • Composition and toxicity of particulate matter emitted from turbocharged common rail DME–biodiesel engine
    Environ. Sci. Pollut. Res. (IF 2.914) Pub Date : 2020-01-16
    Chunhua Sun, Xinqi Qiao, Dehao Ju, Qing Tang, Xiaoyuan Fang, Feng Zhou

    Abstract Both ultrafine particle and toxicity emissions originating from diesel engine gain an increasing concern. In this study, size distribution and toxicity of particles from a turbocharged common rail engine fueled with clean fuels—dimethyl ether (DME) and biodiesel blends—were investigated. Effects of different DME–biodiesel blends (B0, B5, B10, and B15) and different engine loads were considered. The results demonstrate that particles emitted from DME–biodiesel engine are mainly in form of nucleation mode. Engine running at intermediate load exhausts the maximum number of accumulation mode particles owing to local hypoxia and not high enough combustion temperature. The addition of biodiesel slightly increases the total particle number, peak of particle number concentration, and particle size corresponding to the peak. Effect of biodiesel proportion on particle size distribution gets weaker with the increase of engine load. Engine fueled with B5, B10, and B15 mainly exhausts low molecular weight polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) (ring number ≤ 4) which are closely related to unburned fuel, and the total PAH emissions are linear versus the fuel consumption. Toxicity equivalent (TE) of particles at low load is lower than that at intermediate load. DME–biodiesel blends with biodiesel mass proportion ≤ 15% can release the DME engine from abrasion and leakage, but no obvious increase in both particle emissions and the risk of particle toxicity.

    更新日期:2020-01-17
  • Functional rGO aerogel as a potential adsorbent for removing hazardous hexavalent chromium: adsorption performance and mechanism
    Environ. Sci. Pollut. Res. (IF 2.914) Pub Date : 2020-01-16
    Jingda Chen, Qianwei Liang, Sittipranee Ploychompoo, Hanjin Luo

    A novel functional rGO aerogel was synthesized by a facile hydrothermal method. In this process, graphene oxide (GO) was used as the precursor and oxidant to synthesize the aerogels. Ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid disodium salt (EDTA-2Na) and pyrrole monomer (reducing agent) were selected to use as hole scavenger and nitrogen sources. The obtained EDTA-2Na/polypyrrole (Ppy)/rGO aerogel (EPGA) has a high adsorption capacity for Cr(VI) anions, and the maximum adsorption capacity reached 361 mg/g at 298 K at pH of 2. In addition, EPGA exhibited a good ability to selectively remove Cr(VI) anions under the effect of coexisting ions (Cl−, NO3−, SO42−, PO43−, Ni+, Cu2+, Zn2+, and Cd2+) and good regeneration ability. The kinetics process and adsorption isotherm can be fitted well with the pseudo-second-order kinetic model and Freundlich isotherm model, respectively. The removal mechanism involved electrostatic interaction, reduction, ion exchange, and chelation process. This work provides a simple and environmentally friendly synthetic route for EPGA, which will be a potential candidate for efficient removal Cr(VI) anions from industrial wastewater.

    更新日期:2020-01-16
  • Phosphorus removal from wastewater by waste concrete: influence of P concentration and temperature on the product
    Environ. Sci. Pollut. Res. (IF 2.914) Pub Date : 2020-01-16
    Xiao Liu, Huiyuan Zhong, Yong Yang, Linan Yuan, Shibo Liu

    Abstract This study investigated the feature of phosphorus uptake by low-cost waste concrete. Adsorption isotherms, metal dissolution, influence of P concentration and temperature, as well as adsorbent regeneration were investigated. Chemical extraction, SEM, XRD, FTIR, and XPS were employed to determine the products of P sequestration. Results demonstrated that phosphate adsorption fitted the Langmuir isotherm model well, with estimated maximum phosphate adsorption capacity of 80.5 mg/g (10 °C). Of adsorbed phosphate, 72.1% could be desorbed when 0.1 M citrate buffer was used as eluant, and waste concrete could be recovered and reused for 4 times by the combination of eluting and roasting. Mechanisms including Ca/alkali dissolution, surface adsorption, and chemical precipitation are involved in the sequestration of phosphorus from wastewater by waste concrete. Weakly adsorptive phosphorus and Ca-P precipitate were the main products. P concentration was the major factor that affected P removal capacity and the product types, while temperature had certain effect at low P concentration. The dominant product was weakly adsorptive phosphorus for low P concentration at low temperature, which was substituted by Ca-P precipitate as temperature or P concentration increased. The increase of P concentration assisted both the increase of P removal potential and the formation of Ca-P precipitate to crystal DCPD.

    更新日期:2020-01-16
  • Influence of graphene oxide nanosheets on the cotransport of cu-tetracycline multi-pollutants in saturated porous media
    Environ. Sci. Pollut. Res. (IF 2.914) Pub Date : 2020-01-16
    Chuanqi Zhao, Shengwei Pei, Junguan Ma, Zefeng Song, Hui Xia, Xiaoming Song, Heyang Qi, Yuesuo Yang

    Abstract Antibiotic-heavy metal multi-pollutants are produced by intensive livestock farming and become an increasingly prominent problem. In this study, the transport behavior of tetracycline (TC) and its chelate with copper ions (Cu-TC) in saturated sand column with and without graphene oxide (GO) prefilled was investigated by laboratory breakthrough experiments. The effects of pH, ionic strength, and the cotransport with GO were studied detailedly. The results showed that the prepared nano-GO had a single- or multilayered sheet structure with a diameter of several μm. The surface of GO contained abundant oxygen-containing functional groups, which imparted it strong hydrophilicity and electronegativity. Pollutant transport experiments showed that decrease of H+ weakened the transport ability of TC and Cu-TC. Both Na+ and Ca2+ promoted the transport of TC, with Ca2+ having a much greater effect. The presence of Na+ inhibited the transport of Cu-TC, while Ca2+ promoted Cu-TC transport. The addition of Cu2+ was more favorable for the transport of Cu-TC than TC alone. In the GO-prefilled column, the effluent concentrations of TC and Cu-TC greatly decreased due to adsorption onto GO surfaces. The transport of Cu-TC was more related to GO concentration than TC alone due to the high affinity between GO and Cu-TC. Moreover, the transport behavior of GO in the sand column was consistent with that of the corresponding TC or Cu-TC, indicating that GO could cotransport with TC and Cu-TC multi-pollutants. Our study showed that the GO would interact with TC and Cu-TC and thus have significant influences on the fate and transport of these pollutions in porous media.

    更新日期:2020-01-16
  • Embryo/larval toxicity and transcriptional effects in zebrafish ( Danio rerio ) exposed to endocrine active riverbed sediments
    Environ. Sci. Pollut. Res. (IF 2.914) Pub Date : 2020-01-16
    Luigi Viganò, Nadia Casatta, Anna Farkas, Giuseppe Mascolo, Claudio Roscioli, Fabrizio Stefani, Matteo Vitelli, Fabio Olivo, Laura Clerici, Pasquale Robles, Pierluisa Dellavedova

    Abstract Sediment toxicity plays a fundamental role in the health of inland fish communities; however, the assessment of the hazard potential of contaminated sediments is not a common objective in environmental diagnostics or remediation. This study examined the potential of transcriptional endpoints investigated in zebrafish (Danio rerio) exposed to riverbed sediments in ecotoxicity testing. Embryo-larval 10-day tests were conducted on sediment samples collected from five sites (one upstream and four downstream of the city of Milan) along a polluted tributary of the Po River, the Lambro River. Sediment chemistry showed a progressive downstream deterioration in river quality, so that the final sampling site showed up to eight times higher concentrations of, for example, triclosan, galaxolide, PAH, PCB, BPA, Ni, and Pb, compared with the uppermost site. The embryo/larval tests showed widespread toxicity although the middle river sections evidenced worse effects, as evidenced by delayed embryo development, hatching rate, larval survival, and growth. At the mRNA transcript level, the genes encoding biotransformation enzymes (cyp1a, gst, ugt) showed increasing upregulations after exposure to sediment from further downstream sites. The genes involved in antioxidant responses (sod, gpx) suggested that more critical conditions may be present at downstream sites, but even upstream of Milan there seemed to be some level of oxidative stress. Indirect evidences of potential apoptotic activity (bcl2/bax < 1) in turn suggested the possibility of genotoxic effects. The genes encoding for estrogen receptors (erα, erβ1, erβ2) showed exposure to (xeno)estrogens with a progressive increase after exposure to sediments from downstream sites, paralleled by a corresponding downregulation of the ar gene, likely related to antiandrogenic compounds. Multiple levels of thyroid disruption were also evident particularly in downstream zebrafish, as for thyroid growth (nkx2.1), hormone synthesis and transport (tg, ttr, d2), and signal transduction (trα, trβ). The inhibition of the igf2 gene reasonably reflected larval growth inhibitions. Although none of the sediment chemicals could singly explain fish responses, principal component analysis suggested a good correlation between gene transcripts and the overall trend of contamination. Thus, the combined impacts from known and unknown covarying chemicals were proposed as the most probable explanation of fish responses. In summary, transcriptional endpoints applied to zebrafish embryo/larval test can provide sensitive, comprehensive, and timeliness information which may greatly enable the assessment of the hazard potential of sediments to fish, complementing morphological endpoints and being potentially predictive of longer studies.

    更新日期:2020-01-16
  • Historical evolutions of sediment quality in bays under serious anthropogenic influences in China, basing on fuzzy comprehensive assessment of heavy metals
    Environ. Sci. Pollut. Res. (IF 2.914) Pub Date : 2020-01-16
    Baoxiao Qu, Jinming Song, Huamao Yuan, Xuegang Li, Ning Li, Liqin Duan, Xianmeng Liang

    Abstract Fuzzy comprehensive assessment was applied, for the first time, to investigate the sediment environmental quality and compare the historical variations of heavy metal pollution in Daya Bay and Jiaozhou Bay, which are representative for sub-tropical and temperate zone of China, respectively. Results shown the Daya Bay had undergone three contrasting stages in the past 100 years. Before 1980s, the sediment was not contaminated by metals and its quality generally conformed to class I of China National Standard for marine sediment quality. During from 1980s to 2000s, however, Daya Bay’s environment had experienced significant deterioration. The metal concentrations were significantly higher than the background values, suggesting that there was a sharp increase of metal input. The category of sediment quality fell to class II and class III. Copper was the dominant pollutant during that time. The good thing is sediment quality of Daya Bay has improved to class I since 2000s, and chromium turned to be the major pollutant. As for the Jiaozhou Bay, enrichment of heavy metal was generally not detected and the sediment quality strictly conformed to class I during the recent 90 years. Chromium and zinc were the major pollutants in this bay.

    更新日期:2020-01-16
  • Does ICT lessen CO 2 emissions for fast-emerging economies? An application of the heterogeneous panel estimations
    Environ. Sci. Pollut. Res. (IF 2.914) Pub Date : 2020-01-16
    Faisal Faisal, Azizullah, Turgut Tursoy, Ruqiya Pervaiz

    This study examines the effects of electricity consumption, financial development, economic growth, trade and ICT on CO2 emissions in the fast-emerging countries, excluding Russia due to the unavailability of data. Cross-sectional dependency was identified using the Pesaran (2004) and Breusch and Pagan CD tests from Breusch and Pagan (1980) using annual data from 1993 to 2014 based on data availability. The second-generation panel unit root test was applied to investigate the integration order of the series. The long-run relationship among the variables was confirmed using second-generation panel cointegration techniques, which take cross-sectional dependency into account. Additionally, this study utilized the FMOLS, DOLS and robust least square estimators to determine the long-run coefficients. The results suggested that electricity usage and financial development have a positive and significant impact, while economic growth and trade have a negative and significant impact on CO2 emissions. Additionally, an inverted U-shaped relationship between ICT and CO2 emission was confirmed. This implies that pollution declines after attaining a threshold point as the ICT usage increases. Furthermore, the Dumitrescu and Hurlin (2012) heterogeneous panel causality test suggested that there is a unidirectional causal relationship between electricity consumption and CO2 emissions, CO2 emissions and ICT, gross domestic product and CO2 emissions. Another unidirectional causality exists between financial development and CO2 emissions. The study suggests that renewable energy sources can be adopted to decrease carbon emissions and to promote clean energy. Financial development needs to be further strengthened to promote the use of eco-friendly ICT products.

    更新日期:2020-01-16
  • The financial development-environmental degradation nexus in the United Arab Emirates: the importance of growth, globalization and structural breaks
    Environ. Sci. Pollut. Res. (IF 2.914) Pub Date : 2020-01-16
    Muhammad Shahbaz, Ilham Haouas, Kazi Sohag, Ilhan Ozturk

    Abstract This article revisits the nexus between financial development and environmental degradation by incorporating economic growth, electricity consumption and economic globalization in the CO2 emissions function for the period 1975QI–2014QIV in the United Arab Emirates. We apply structural break and cointegration tests to examine unit root and cointegration between the variables. Further, the article also uses the Toda-Yamamoto causality test to investigate the causal relationship between the variables and tests the linkages of the robustness of causality by following the innovative accounting approach. Our empirical analysis shows cointegration between the series. Financial development increases CO2 emissions. Economic growth is positively linked with environmental degradation. Electricity consumption improves environmental quality. Economic globalization affects CO2 emissions negatively. The relationship between financial development and CO2 emissions is U-shaped and inverted N-shaped. Further, financial development leads to environmental degradation, and environmental degradation in turn leads to financial development in the Granger sense.

    更新日期:2020-01-16
  • Pollution evaluation, spatial distribution, and source apportionment of trace metals around coal mines soil: the case study of eastern India
    Environ. Sci. Pollut. Res. (IF 2.914) Pub Date : 2020-01-16
    Azeem Uddin Siddiqui, Manish Kumar Jain, Reginald Ebhin Masto

    The degradation of land by trace metals contamination around coal mining areas is a serious environmental issue, and therefore, it is necessary to have detailed information about the pollution caused by them and their sources. The objective of the work was to study the impact of trace metals (e.g., Cd, Co, Ni, Cr, Zn, Pb, and Cu) on the soil of Jharia coalfield to analyze their sources, contamination level, and their spatial distribution. The present values of the trace metals were compared by their natural background values which were then analyzed on the scale of the Potential Ecological Risk Index (PERI) and by Improved Nemerow Index (Lnm). The results of spatial distribution revealed that the majority of the soil in Jharia coalfield is moderately contaminated, a small portion of it is slightly contaminated, and altogether at moderate ecological risk due to trace metals. Multivariate statistical techniques including Principal component analysis, Cluster analysis, and Pearson’s correlation evaluated that Cu, Ni, Zn, Co, and Cr in the soil samples had the same source which is coal mining; Pb and Cd were from multiple sources. The spatial distribution maps of trace metals present in the soil of Jharia coalfield were generated using Radial basis function an interpolation method.

    更新日期:2020-01-16
  • Effect of cooking on arsenic concentration in rice
    Environ. Sci. Pollut. Res. (IF 2.914) Pub Date : 2020-01-16
    Oliva Atiaga, Luis M. Nunes, Xosé L. Otero

    This study assessed the effect of rinsing and boiling on total content of As (tAs) and of its inorganic and organic forms in different types of rice (polished and brown) from Spain and Ecuador. Rice was subjected to five different treatments. The results showed that the treatment consisting of three grain rinsing cycles followed by boiling in excess water showed a significant decrease in tAs content compared with raw rice. Regarding As species, it is worth noting that the different treatments significantly reduced the content of the most toxic forms of As. The estimated lifetime health risks indicate that pre-rinsing alone can reduce the risk by 50%, while combining it with discarding excess water can reduce the risk by 83%; therefore, the latter would be the preferable method.

    更新日期:2020-01-16
  • Trace elements, polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons, mineral composition, and FT-IR characterization of unrefined sea and rock salts: environmental interactions
    Environ. Sci. Pollut. Res. (IF 2.914) Pub Date : 2020-01-16
    Sotirios Karavoltsos, Aikaterini Sakellari, Evangelos Bakeas, Georgios Bekiaris, Marta Plavšić, Charalampos Proestos, Spiros Zinelis, Konstantinos Koukoulakis, Ioannis Diakos, Manos Dassenakis, Nick Kalogeropoulos

    Abstract Unrefined sea salt originates from seawater, typically by natural evaporation. Being minimally processed, it contains the natural minerals and impurities of seawater. Despite the wide applications of salt for culinary and food preservation purposes, the available composition data is particularly limited. Since seawater often contains various harmful substances at a trace or ultra-trace level, their determination in unrefined salt is significant in terms of quality control and food safety. Twenty-four (24) samples of unrefined sea and rock salts retailed in Greece were studied in terms of their trace metals and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon (PAH) content, which constitute the usual pollutants examined in seawater. In addition, samples’ color and mineralogy were recorded and their attenuated total reflectance Fourier transform infrared (ATR FT-IR) spectra were obtained. No statistically significant differences were found between sea and rock salts regarding their trace metal (Cd, Co, Cr, Cu, Fe, Mn, Ni, Pb, Zn) content (excluding V) and the 15 PAHs examined. ATR FT-IR succeeded to discriminate among sea, rock, flower, and underground salty water salts. Compared with the typical trace metal concentrations in seawater, quite high Pb values were determined in both sea and rock salts, whereas outliers in the rest of the trace elements examined were scarce. Median values of the sum of PAH (ΣPAHs) concentrations were calculated equal to 2.1 and 2.6 ng g−1 for sea and rock salts, respectively. Environmental interactions of salt production with trace elements and PAHs are also discussed.

    更新日期:2020-01-16
  • Biochar shifts biomass and element allocation of legume-grass mixtures in Cd-contaminated soils
    Environ. Sci. Pollut. Res. (IF 2.914) Pub Date : 2020-01-16
    Yan Xiao, Leqi Wang, Zhuojun Zhao, Yeye Che

    Abstract Biochar amendments have been considered to increase the competitive abilities of legumes in mixed cultures. However, little is known about how biochar affects the nutrient and Cd allocation within legume-grass mixtures. Therefore, we conducted a pot experiment to explore the effects of biochar addition rate (0, 1, 2.5, and 5%) on four monocultures, the legume Trifolium repens (Tr), Lolium perenne (Lp), Dactylis glomerata (Dg) and Festuca arundinacea (Fa), and three mixed cultures, i.e., Tr + Lp, Tr + Lp + Dg, and Tr + Lp + Dg + Fa. Regardless of biochar addition, Tr plants showed the lowest aboveground Cd concentration among the monoculture treatments. Compared with non-biochar addition treatment, the 1% biochar addition significantly promoted aboveground biomass accumulation and P, K, Ca, and Mg uptake in the aboveground parts of the Tr monoculture treatments by 39.32, 39.88, 88.27, 69.68, and 51.96%, respectively. Nevertheless, the aboveground biomass and P, K, Ca, and Mg uptake as well as the proportion of these parameters in Tr plants in all plant species mixture treatments decreased after biochar application. Maximum aboveground P and Mg uptake occurred in the four-species mixture treatments without biochar addition, whereas maximum values of these parameters occurred in the three-species mixture treatments with 5% biochar addition. Shoot Cd uptake was not decreased by biochar addition at all plant species treatments. Based on the results, it was suggested that biochar could not reduce Cd uptake by increasing the proportion of legumes in the legume-grass mixtures. The complementarity effects on nutrient uptake in the plant species mixtures depended on the amount of biochar added.

    更新日期:2020-01-16
  • Associations between urinary cadmium levels, blood pressure, and hypertension: the ESTEBAN survey
    Environ. Sci. Pollut. Res. (IF 2.914) Pub Date : 2020-01-16
    Alexandre Vallée, Amélie Gabet, Clémence Grave, Jacques Blacher, Valérie Olié

    Cadmium is inconsistently associated with blood pressure (BP) and hypertension. Our study focuses to understand the association between urinary cadmium levels, blood pressure, and hypertension in a French representative sample. Our study included 2015 subjects from the ESTEBAN survey (2014–2015) with measured urinary cadmium. Associations between natural logarithm-transformed cadmium levels and BP (systolic (SBP) and diastolic blood pressure (DBP)) were performed by adjusted linear regression models. Associations between cadmium and hypertension were performed by adjusted logistic regression models. Models were stratified by gender, smoking habits, body mass index (BMI), and kidney function categories. Men present higher SBP (131.7 vs. 121.5 mmHg, p < 0.0001) and DBP (78.9 vs. 74.7 mmHg, p < 0.0001) in comparison to women. Creatinine-adjusted urinary cadmium levels (0.48 vs. 0.39 μg/L, p < 0.0001) were higher in hypertensive subjects. Nevertheless, no difference was observed after adjustment for age, gender, and smoking habits. No correlation between urinary cadmium, BP, and hypertension was observed in overall population. Stratified models showed inverse correlations between urinary cadmium and hypertension among obese (OR = 0.39, 95% CI [0.21–0.57], p = 0.0009), chronic kidney function (OR = 0.68 95%CI [0.75–0.97], p = 0.003), and current smokers (OR = 0.78, 95% CI [0.64–0.92], p = 0.04). A correlation between urinary cadmium levels, BP, and hypertension is observed in subpopulations. Nevertheless, directions and significance of these associations differs by gender, BMI, smoking, and kidney function categories.

    更新日期:2020-01-16
  • Distribution and risk analysis of heavy metals in sediments from the Yangtze River Estuary, China
    Environ. Sci. Pollut. Res. (IF 2.914) Pub Date : 2020-01-16
    Xiao Wang, Baolin Liu, Wensi Zhang

    Sediments core within the Yangtze River Estuary was collected for metal and grain size analysis. The vertical distribution characteristics of eight metals along the core were investigated based on 137Cs and 210Pb radionuclide dating. The sediment was mainly composed of sand and silt. The metals concentrations were Al, 4.67–6.83; Fe, 2.3–3.94; Mn, 0.046–0.07; Cr, 69.5–103; Cu, 14.3–32.1; Zn, 47.3–96.7; Cd, 0.037–0.212; Pb, 13.7–23; Ni, 18.8–38.9 (mg·kg−1, except Al, Fe, and Mn as %), respectively. Geoaccumulation indexes (Igeo) indicated that Cu, Zn, and Pb were of pollution-free level; Cd, Cr, and Ni were in a slight polluted level. Based on potential ecological risk factors (EI), Cd posed a moderate risk to the local environment. Correlation analysis showed that Fe, Al, and Mn had a close association with Cu, Zn, Pb, and Ni at p < 0.01. Clay was significantly correlated with other metals except Cr and Cd.

    更新日期:2020-01-16
  • Biodegradation of microcystin-RR and nutrient pollutants using Sphingopyxis sp. YF1 immobilized activated carbon fibers-sodium alginate
    Environ. Sci. Pollut. Res. (IF 2.914) Pub Date : 2020-01-16
    Guofeng Ren, Xinghou He, Pian Wu, Yayuan He, Yong Zhang, Shibiao Tang, Xinli Song, Yafei He, Yuandan Wei, Ping Ding, Fei Yang

    Abstract A novel biological material named activated carbon fibers-sodium alginate@Sphingopyxis sp. YF1 (ACF-SA@YF1) was synthesized for microcystin-RR (MC-RR) and nutrient pollutant degradation in eutrophic water. The synthesized biomaterial was characterized by scanning electron microscopy (SEM). Box-Behnken design and response surface methodology (RSM) were utilized for the optimization of conditions during the MC-RR degradation. The degradation of MC-RR and nutrient pollutants was dynamically detected. The results revealed that the optimal conditions were temperature 32.51 °C, pH 6.860, and inoculum 14.97%. The removal efficiency of MC-RR, nitrogen, phosphorus, and chemical oxygen demand were 0.76 μg/mL/h, 32.45%, 94.57%, and 64.07%, respectively. In addition, ACF-SA@YF1 also performed satisfactory cyclic stability, while the MC-RR removal efficiency was 70.38% after seven cycles and 78.54% of initial activity after 20 days of storage. Therefore, it is reasonable to believe that ACF-SA@YF1 is an effective material which has a great prospect in removing MC-RR and nutrients from freshwater ecosystems.

    更新日期:2020-01-16
  • Selective metal removal from chromium-containing synthetic effluents using Shewanella xiamenensis biofilm supported on zeolite
    Environ. Sci. Pollut. Res. (IF 2.914) Pub Date : 2020-01-15
    Inga Zinicovscaia, Alexey Safonov, Kirill Boldyrev, Svetlana Gundorina, Nikita Yushin, Oleg Petuhov, Nadejda Popova

    Abstract A scheme of selective removal of metal ions from chromium-containing synthetic solutions with the following chemical composition, Cr (VI)-Fe (III), Cr (VI)-Fe (III)-Ni (II), Cr (VI)-Fe (III)-Ni (II)-Zn (II), and Cr (VI)-Fe (III)-Ni (II)-Zn (II)-Cu (II)) by Shewanella xiamenensis biofilm immobilized on a zeolite support, was proposed. Three biological processes, biosorption, bioaccumulation, and longtime bioreduction, were applied for metal removal. The process of Zn (II), Ni (II), and Cu (II) showed to be pH dependent. The maximum removal of Ni (II) was achieved during a 1-hour biosorption process at pH 5.0–6.0, of Zn (II) at pH 5.0, and of Cu (II) at pH 3.0. Chromium (VI) and Fe (III) ions were more efficiently removed by bioaccumulation. Chromium (VI) removal in the studied systems varied from 16.4% to 34.8 and of iron from 55.8 to 94.6%. In a long-term bioreduction experiment, it was possible to achieve complete reduction of Cr (VI) to Cr (III) ions by Shewanella xiamenensis in 42 days and by Shewanella xiamenensis biofilm on zeolite in 35 days. Shewanella oneidensis can be effectively used to remove metal ions from chemically complex effluents.

    更新日期:2020-01-15
  • Interaction effects of salinity, sewage sludge, and earthworms on the fractionations of Zn and Cu, and the metals uptake by the earthworms in a Zn- and Cu-contaminated calcareous soil
    Environ. Sci. Pollut. Res. (IF 2.914) Pub Date : 2020-01-15
    Fatereh Karimi, Ghasem Rahimi, Zahra Kolahchi

    Abstract This study assessed the effects of salinity and sewage sludge on the fractionation of Zn and Cu in a soil around a lead-zinc mine as well as their uptake by earthworms (Eisenia fetida) in order to identify novel methods for employing the earthworms in waste management techniques. Eisenia fetida specimens were kept under laboratory conditions for 42 days. The first treatment involved the addition of 0%, 2%, 4%, and 8% (w/w) sewage sludge to contaminated soil. In the second treatment, NaCl was added to the soil at concentrations of 0, 1170, 2340, 3510, and 4680 mg L−1. The results indicated that the combined application of high salinity and sewage sludge had adverse effects on the survival of the earthworms. The presence of the earthworms increased the amount of Zn and Cu bound to organic matter. The organic fraction of Zn and Cu also significantly aggregated with increasing salinity levels. The interaction of salinity and earthworm showed that the residual Cu fraction increased with the presence of earthworm and decreased with increasing salinity. The residual fraction of Cu was significantly affected by the interactions of salinity and sewage sludge, where the highest amount was seen in the EC0 (distilled water) × SS8 (8% sewage sludge) treatment. The Zn and Cu contents increased with the earthworms when exposed to higher levels of salinity and sewage sludge.

    更新日期:2020-01-15
  • The detoxifying effect of Polygonum equisetiforme extracts against dichlorvos (DDVP)-induced oxidative stress and neurotoxicity in the commercial clam Ruditapes decussatus
    Environ. Sci. Pollut. Res. (IF 2.914) Pub Date : 2020-01-15
    Tahani El Ayari, Lazhar Mhadhbi, Nadia Debara, Marwa Znati, Houcine Dab

    Effects of Polygonum equisetiforme extracts against dichlorvos were investigated in the commercial clam Ruditapes decussatus. The toxicity of this pesticide was firstly tested in R. decussatus gill and digestive gland tissues using five doses varying from 0.05 to 1 mg/l during 2, 4, and 7 days. Results showed that 0.05 mg/l of DDVP induced oxidative stress and neurotoxicity in R. decussatus after 2 days of exposure. Investigations of the effects of P. equisetiforme extracts in R. decussatus exposed to 0.25 mg/l of DDVP were made in clams receiving three concentrations (0.009, 0.045, and 0.09 g/l) during 4 and 7 days. Antioxidant enzymes SOD and CAT as well as H2O2 content and AChE were quantified by colorimetric method. Four days of exposure to DDVP increased SOD and CAT activities and enhances H2O2 content. AChE levels decreased considerably following DDVP exposure, although a restoration in the enzyme activity was observed with P. equisetiforme extract (E3 = 0.09 g/l). Overall, P. equisetiforme extract at concentration (E1 = 0.009 g/l) prevents oxidative stress caused by DDVP, while 0.09 g/l of P. equisetiforme extract induced an effect similar to that obtained with DDVP alone. Nevertheless, this concentration was found effective for the restoration of the AChE activity.

    更新日期:2020-01-15
  • Impact of green credit on industrial structure in China: theoretical mechanism and empirical analysis
    Environ. Sci. Pollut. Res. (IF 2.914) Pub Date : 2020-01-15
    Yiqin Hu, Hongying Jiang, Zhangqi Zhong

    Chinese industrial structure is characterized by a large proportion of industries with high energy consumption and high pollution, such as coal, steel, and cement production, and with only a small proportion of green and environment protection industries. In order to optimize this structure, the Chinese government has clearly proposed to upgrade the industrial structure by solving funding problems in the field of environmental protection in the 13th 5-year plan. However, there are no systematic researches on how green credit affects industrial structure and what the corresponding effects are in the current theoretical circle. Therefore, by analyzing current situations of green credit and the industrial structure, this research explores mechanisms concerning the effects of green credit on the industrial structure. Furthermore, this study conducts an empirical research by using a fixed effects model constructed based on sample data from eastern, central, and western China from 2006 to 2016. The results find that (1) green credit mainly influences the industrial structure through capital and funding channels of enterprises. (2) On the whole, China’s green credit has significant effects on the transformation of the industrial structure. (3) Influences of green credit in China on the industrial structure are significantly different in each region. In order to effectively upgrade the industrial structure, for the related stakeholders, some effective ways are to establish a sound legal system for green credit, raise depth of understanding on green credit, and implement green credit according to local conditions.

    更新日期:2020-01-15
  • Severe air pollution and characteristics of light-absorbing particles in a typical rural area of the Indo-Gangetic Plain
    Environ. Sci. Pollut. Res. (IF 2.914) Pub Date : 2020-01-15
    Pengfei Chen, Shichang Kang, Lekhendra Tripathee, Arnico K. Panday, Maheswar Rupakheti, Dipesh Rupakheti, Qianggong Zhang, Junming Guo, Chaoliu Li, Tao Pu

    Abstract Total suspended particles (TSP) were collected in Lumbini from April 2013 to March 2016 to better understand the characteristics of carbonaceous aerosol (CA) concentrations, compositions and sources and their light absorption properties in rural region of severe polluted Indo-Gangetic Plain (IGP). Extremely high TSP (203.9 ± 109.6 μg m−3), organic carbon (OC 32.1 ± 21.7 μg m−3), elemental carbon (EC 6.44 ± 3.17 μg m−3) concentrations were observed in Lumbini particularly during winter and post-monsoon seasons, reflecting the combined influences of emission sources and weather conditions. SO42− (7.34 ± 4.39 μg m−3) and Ca2+ (5.46 ± 5.20 μg m−3) were the most dominant anion and cation in TSP. These components were comparable to those observed in urban areas in South and East Asia but significantly higher than those in remote regions over the Himalayas and Tibetan Plateau, suggesting severe air pollution in the study region. Various combustion activities including industry, vehicle emission, and biomass burning are the main reasons for high pollutant concentrations. The variation of OC/EC ratio further suggested that biomass such as agro-residue burning contributed a lot for CA, particularly during the non-monsoon season. The average mass absorption cross-section of EC (MACEC) and water-soluble organic carbon (MACWSOC) were 7.58 ± 3.39 and 1.52 ± 0.41 m2 g−1, respectively, indicating that CA in Lumbini was mainly affected by local emissions. Increased biomass burning decreased MACEC; whereas, it could result in high MACWSOC during the non-monsoon season. Furthermore, dust is one important factor causing higher MACWSOC during the pre-monsoon season.

    更新日期:2020-01-15
  • Environmentally relevant exposures of male mice to carbendazim and thiram cause persistent genotoxicity in male mice
    Environ. Sci. Pollut. Res. (IF 2.914) Pub Date : 2020-01-15
    Bina Rai, Steven Don Mercurio

    Abstract Carbendazim and thiram are fungicides used in combination to prevent mold destruction of crops. Studies have demonstrated genotoxicity by these agents, but have not used concentrations below their water solubility limits in drinking water to test for persistence of genotoxicity due to chronic exposure. Ten 8-week old male Swiss-Webster mice were exposed to tap water, or nominal concentrations of 20 μM carbendazim, 20 μM thiram or 20 μM of both fungicides for 90 days (total of 40 mice). Five mice from tap water controls, carbendazim, thiram and combination-treated groups (20 mice total) had genotoxicity detected by comet assay of lymphocytes at the termination of the exposure period. The other 20 mice (4 treatment groups) were all switched to tap water and allowed a 45-day recovery period to check for persistence of DNA damage. The damage was compared with commercial control cells exposed to increasingly harsh treatment by etopside. Comet assay (mean % tail DNA + SE) of control mice (9.8 + 0.9) was similar to commercial control (CC0) cells (8.5 + 0.9). Carbendazim, thiram or the combination treatment caused similar mean % tail DNA with 33.0 + 2.9, 30.1 + 3.3 and 29.1 + 1.8, respectively, comparable with commercial cells slightly damaged by etopside (CC1 with 31.4 + 2.9) with no statistical change in water or food intake, body weight or liver or kidney weights. The key result was that a 45-day recovery period had no observable difference in the DNA damage as assessed by DNA % in comet tail with tap water controls and CCO control cells at 7.0 + 0.7 and 9.7 + 1.2 versus 27.5 + 1.9, 29.3 + 2.2 and 32.0 + 1.8, respectively, for carbendazim, thiram and combination treatments. It is of concern that the use of these agents in developing countries with little training or regulation results in water pollution that may cause significant persistent DNA damage in animal or human populations that may not be subject to repair.

    更新日期:2020-01-15
  • Anaerobic ammonia-oxidizing bacteria in tropical bioaugmented zero water exchange aquaculture ponds
    Environ. Sci. Pollut. Res. (IF 2.914) Pub Date : 2020-01-15
    Ramya Ramankutty Nair, Boobal Rangaswamy, Bright Singh Isaac Sarojini, Valsamma Joseph

    Bioaugmented zero water exchange aquaculture production systems (ZWEAPS) maintained with minimal or no water exchange prevent the ammonia accumulation in the system, leading to environmental sustainability and biosecurity. The microbes in the bioaugmented ZWEAPS plays a major role in maintaining low levels of ammonia through ammonia oxidation and nitrite oxidation. The comprehensive understanding on anammox population in the systems will provide an insight on the environmental factors controlling the functional anammox bacterial communities for potential biostimulation and augmented ammonia removal in ZWEAPS. The sediment metagenome of such three tropical bioaugmented ZWE shrimp culture ponds were analysed to determine the diversity, distribution and abundance of anaerobic ammonia-oxidizing (anammox) bacteria based on hydrazine oxidoreductase (hzo) gene as a phylogenetic marker. The restriction fragment length polymorphism (RFLP) phylotypes from the clone libraries were identified with maximum distribution to Candidatus Kuenenia, as the dominant population in the study sites with high ammonia load followed by Candidatus Scalindua. The environmental factors associated with the abundance and diversity of the anammox population were analysed using RDA and Pearson correlation. The samples of final culturing period (75th day) of TCR-S ZWE pond was observed with the highest operational taxonomic unit (OTU)–based diversity, where comparatively higher ammonia (water 0.71 mg L−1 and sediment 1.21 mg L−1) was recorded among the study sites. The gene abundance of the anammox population ranged from 106 to 107 copies per gram of sediment, in spite of less diversity. The physiochemical factors such as ammonia, nitrite, redox potential and the total organic carbon indicated a strong and positive correlation to the abundance and distribution of the anammox population, which highlights the importance of anammox communities and the potential of biostimulation for ammonia removal in the aquaculture systems.

    更新日期:2020-01-15
  • TiO 2 nanoparticles potentiated the cytotoxicity, oxidative stress and apoptosis response of cadmium in two different human cells
    Environ. Sci. Pollut. Res. (IF 2.914) Pub Date : 2020-01-15
    Maqusood Ahamed, Mohd Javed Akhtar, ZabnAllah M. Alaizeri, Hisham A. Alhadlaq

    Abstract Widespread application of titanium dioxide nanoparticles (nTiO2) and ubiquitous cadmium (Cd) pollution may increase their chance of co-existence in the natural environment. Toxicological information on co-exposure of nTiO2 and Cd in mammalian models is largely lacking. Hence, we studied the combined effects of nTiO2 and Cd in human liver (HepG2) and breast cancer (MCF-7) cells. We observed that nTiO2 did not produce toxicity to HepG2 and MCF-7 cells. However, moderate concentration of Cd exposure caused cytotoxicity to both cells. Interestingly, non-cytotoxic concentration of nTiO2 effectively enhanced the oxidative stress response of Cd indicated by pro-oxidants generation (reactive oxygen species, hydrogen peroxide, and lipid peroxidation) and antioxidants depletion (glutathione level and glutathione reductase, superoxide dismutase, and catalase enzymes). Moreover, nTiO2 potentiated the Cd-induced apoptosis in both cells suggested by altered expression of p53, bax, and bcl-2 genes along with low mitochondrial membrane potential. Cellular uptake results demonstrated that nTiO2 facilitates the internalization of Cd into the cells. Overall, this study demonstrated that non-cytotoxic concentration of nTiO2 enhanced the toxicological potential of Cd in human cells. Therefore, more attention should be paid on the combine effects of nTiO2 and Cd on human health.

    更新日期:2020-01-15
  • Inhibition effects of some pesticides and heavy metals on carbonic anhydrase enzyme activity purified from horse mackerel ( Trachurus trachurus ) gill tissues
    Environ. Sci. Pollut. Res. (IF 2.914) Pub Date : 2020-01-15
    Cuneyt Caglayan, Parham Taslimi, Cebrahil Türk, İlhami Gulcin, Fatih Mehmet Kandemir, Yeliz Demir, Şükrü Beydemir

    The gill tissue is the main site of metabolic enzymes or compensation, with the kidney tissue playing a supporting role. At the gill tissue, carbonic anhydrase enzymes (CAs) catalyze the hydration of CO2 to HCO3− and H+ for production to the H2O. In this work, the CA enzyme was purified from horse mackerel (Trachurus trachurus) gill with a specific activity of 21,381.42 EU/mg, purification fold of 150.61, total activity of 2347.68 EU/mL, and a yield of 16.13% using sepharose 4B-L-tyrosine-sulfanilamide affinity gel chromatography. For recording the enzyme purity, gel electrophoresis was performed, and single band was seen. The molecular weight of this enzyme was found approximately 35 kDa. Also, the inhibitory effects of different pesticides such as thiram, clofentezine, propineb, deltamethrin, azoxystrobin, and thiophanate and heavy metal ions such as Fe2+, Cu2+, Co2+, Pb2+ Hg2+, and As3+ on horse mackerel gill tissue CA enzyme activities were investigated. Our results indicated that these pesticides and metal ions showed inhibitory effects at low nanomolar and millimolar concentrations for fish gill CA enzymes, respectively.

    更新日期:2020-01-15
  • “Modern agriculture” transfers many pesticides to watercourses: a case study of a representative rural catchment of southern Brazil
    Environ. Sci. Pollut. Res. (IF 2.914) Pub Date : 2020-01-15
    José Augusto Monteiro de Castro Lima, Jérôme Labanowski, Marília Camotti Bastos, Renato Zanella, Osmar Damian Prestes, Jocelina Paranhos Rosa de Vargas, Leslie Mondamert, Eugenie Granado, Tales Tiecher, Mohsin Zafar, Alexandre Troian, Thibaut Le Guet, Danilo Rheinheimer dos Santos

    Abstract The total cultivated area in Brazil reached to 62 million ha in 2018, with the predominance of genetically modified soybean and corn (36 and 17 million ha, respectively) in no-tillage systems. In 2018, 5.3 × 105 Mg of active ingredient of pesticides was applied in cropfields, representing about 7.3 L of commercial product by habitant. However, the monitoring of water courses contamination by pesticides remains scarce and is based on traditional grab sampling systems. In this study, we used the grab (water) and passive sampling (Polar Organic Chemical Integrative Sampler—POCIS) to monitor pesticide contamination in the river network of a representative agricultural catchment of southern Brazil. We selected 18 sampling sites located in tributaries and in the main course of the Guaporé River, in Rio Grande do Sul State, with different land use predominance including forest, urban, and agricultural areas. Altogether, 79 and 23 pesticides were, respectively, analyzed in water and POCIS samples. The water of Guaporé River and its tributaries were highly contaminated by many pesticides, especially by four herbicides (2,4-D, atrazine, deethyl-atrazine, and simazine), three fungicides (carbendazim, tebuconazole, and epoxiconazole), and one insecticide (imidacloprid). The amount, type, and concentration of pesticides detected were completely different depending on the sampling technic used. POCIS was effective to discriminate the contamination according to the main land use of each sampling site. The monitored areas with the predominance of soybean cultivation under no-tillage tended to have higher concentrations of fungicide, while in the more diversified region, the herbicides showed higher values. The presence of five herbicides used in corn and grassland forage production was correlated with areas of integrated crop-livestock systems, in contrast to higher contamination by 2,4-D in areas of intensive production of soybean and winter cereals.

    更新日期:2020-01-15
  • Preparation, characterization, and Cd(II) sorption of/on cysteine-montmorillonite composites synthesized at various pH
    Environ. Sci. Pollut. Res. (IF 2.914) Pub Date : 2020-01-15
    Chao Hu, Hongqing Hu, Mengdie Song, Ju Tan, Guoyong Huang, Jichao Zuo

    Montmorillonite-cysteine could be used as the immobilizer, detector, and detoxifier of heavy metals. To further the understanding and the application, the interaction between the montmorillonite and cysteine and the adsorption of cysteine on montmorillonite and characterization of the composites need to be studied further. In present work, the effects of pH, contact time and initial concentration of cysteine on the adsorption, X-ray diffraction (XRD), Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), and Cd(II) adsorption on the composites were conducted to characterize the composites synthesized at different pH conditions. The results showed that the adsorption amount of cysteine on montmorillonite decreased with the increase of pH in the range of 2.4–8.0, reached equilibrium in about 1 min and increased with the initial concentration of cysteine and reached the maximum at 160 mg/g. The adsorption data fitted with Langmuir better than Freundlich, fitted with first-order and second-order better than the intraparticle diffusion model. XRD patterns and FTIR spectra showed that the interlayer spacing of the composite synthesized in the range of pH 2.4–4.3 was larger than that at pH 4.5–8.0 and the bonding of cysteine and montmorillonite mainly depended on the action of the amino group. Adsorption of Cd(II) on composites indicated more cysteine loaded (pH < 4.5) composite had greater capacity for Cd(II). The above results demonstrated that the composite synthesized under lower pH could retain more active cysteine, which might be beneficial to its various applications.

    更新日期:2020-01-15
  • Solid wastes from the enzyme production as a potential biosorbent to treat colored effluents containing crystal violet dye
    Environ. Sci. Pollut. Res. (IF 2.914) Pub Date : 2020-01-15
    Patrícia Grassi, Fernanda C. Drumm, Stéfani S. Spannemberg, Jordana Georgin, Denise Tonato, Marcio A. Mazutti, Janaína O. Gonçalves, Marcos L. S. Oliveira, Guilherme L. Dotto, Sérgio L. Jahn

    Sugarcane bagasse, a largely available waste worldwide, was submitted to solid-state fermentation (SSF) using the fungus Metarhizium anisopliae, aiming to produce enzymes. The solid waste generated from SSF was tested as an alternative biosorbent to treat colored effluents containing crystal violet (CV) dye. The biosorbent, here named BW (bagasse waste), was characterized, and experimental tests were performed to verify the influence of pH and dosage on the CV biosorption. Isotherms and biosorption kinetics were performed, and the biosorption thermodynamic parameters were determined. The potential of BW was also evaluated for the treatment of a simulated textile effluent. The maximum biosorption capacity was 131.2 mg g−1 at 328 K, and the Liu was the most appropriate model to represent equilibrium data. The biosorption was spontaneous and endothermic. The use of BW in the simulated effluent showed that it is an efficient material, reaching color removal values of 85%. Therefore, the sugarcane bagasse generated from SSF can be considered a potential biosorbent to remove CV from textile effluents. This finding is relevant from the total environment viewpoint, since, at the same time, SSF generates enzymes and a solid waste, which in turn can be used as biosorbent to treat colored effluents.

    更新日期:2020-01-15
  • Assessing heavy metal pollution by biomonitoring honeybee nectar in Córdoba (Spain)
    Environ. Sci. Pollut. Res. (IF 2.914) Pub Date : 2020-01-15
    Miriam Gutiérrez, Rafael Molero, Miquel Gaju, Josef van der Steen, Claudio Porrini, José Antonio Ruiz

    Nectar of honeybee colonies has been used in order to identify heavy metals and establish the benefit of this type of studies as a tool for environmental management. For these goals, samples of nectar were obtained from Apis mellifera hives placed in the city of Córdoba (Spain) and its surroundings. Five stations (each with two hives) were selected and samples were collected from May to July of 2007, 2009 and 2010. Concentrations of Pb, Cr, Ni and Cd in nectar were determined by graphite furnace atomic absorption spectrophotometry. Substantial spatial and temporal differences were detected and compared with the values found in bee bodies in a previously published study based on samples obtained simultaneously with those presented in this work. Upper reference thresholds established for this investigation were surpassed frequently by the measures obtained, being Cr (21.43% of samples), stations S3 (22.22%) and S4 (11.12%) year 2009 (22.22%) and the month of July (23.68%) the metal, the locations and the periods that exceeded more times these references. Regarding the Cd, which was studied only in 2010, 33.33% of the nectar samples exceeded the upper reference thresholds. Comparing the biomonitoring of bee bodies and nectar, some coincidences were found, although they showed different results for highest worrisome values of metal, station and year. This suggests that both methods can give complementary information in the surveillance systems of atmospheric pollution.

    更新日期:2020-01-15
  • Biological index based on epiphytic diatom assemblages is more restrictive than the physicochemical index in water assessment on an Amazon floodplain, Brazil
    Environ. Sci. Pollut. Res. (IF 2.914) Pub Date : 2020-01-15
    Maria Tereza Morais Pereira Souza Lobo, Paulo Sérgio Scalize, Cleber Nunes Kraus, Weliton José da Silva, Jérémie Garnier, David da Motta Marques, Marie-Paule Bonnet, Ina de Souza Nogueira

    Abstract Canadian Water Quality Index (CWQI) provides protection for freshwater life promoting healthy ecosystems and safeguarding human health. Biological Diatom Index (BDI) was developed to indicate the ecological status and water quality of freshwater systems. This paper evaluates the relations between the two different indices. During rising and falling, water samples were taken in the Curuai Floodplain, Brazil. CWQI was calculated using 14 physicochemical parameters and 1 microbiological parameter. The limits were established according to freshwater quality conditions and standards based on water use classes 1 and 2 determined in CONAMA 357 legislation and British Columbia. Canadian Water Quality Index categorization ranged from “marginal” to “excellent,” most sampling units were “good” (71%), followed by “fair” (12%) and “excellent” (12%) water quality. Total phosphorus (38 times), chlorophyll a (20), dissolved oxygen (10), and total organic carbon (10) were the parameters that presented the most non-compliance values. Encyonema silesiacum (14%), Gomphonema parvulum (13%), and Navicula cryptotenella (12%) were the main taxa in the rising period, while G. lagenula, E. silesiacum, and Fragilaria capucina were the main taxa during the falling period. BDI ranges from I to V water quality classes. We observed “poor” to “very good” ecological status, with most sampling units “moderate” (52%) and “good” (29%). Water quality for class 2 was better than water quality for class 1, as the limits of the parameters evaluated were more restrictive in class 1 than in class 2 and the predominant uses of water require a higher degree of water purity. The biological index based on diatoms was the most restrictive index whose water classes and categorizations have shown an ecological status that could threaten the protection of aquatic communities on the Curuai floodplain. We suggest the combined use of both indices—physicochemical and biological for water quality assessment in this type of environment.

    更新日期:2020-01-15
  • Modeling the nexus between coal consumption, FDI inflow and economic expansion: does industrialization matter in South Africa?
    Environ. Sci. Pollut. Res. (IF 2.914) Pub Date : 2020-01-15
    Joshua Udi, Festus Victor Bekun, Festus Fatai Adedoyin

    Abstract This study examines the role of industrialization in the energy-growth-FDI nexus for the case of South Africa using data over the period 1970 to 2018. The empirical exercise was conducted using Pesaran Autoregressive Distributed Lag (ARDL) bounds testing approach. To accomplish our study objective, we analyze stationarity properties of the series using the unit root test after which we applied Bayer-Hanck (B-H) combined technique to cointegration to assess whether a long-run relationship exists among the series. Empirical results show that a 1% change in FDI account for 0.002% and 0.013% increase in economic expansion in the short- and long- run respectively. Also, a 1% increase in coal consumption influence GDP negatively by 0.083% and 0.207% in the short and long run respectively. Furthermore, a 1% increase in total natural resource rent positively affects GDP by 0.02% and 0.05% respectively in the short and long run. Industrialization, on the other hand, demonstrates a positive and significant impact on the economic growth process both in the short and long run. Industrialization contributes 0.506% and 1.274% to economic expansion both in the short and long run respectively. The causality tests suggest that a one-way causal link running from FDI to industrialization and from industrialization to coal consumption exists. Finally, FDI inflow drives total natural resource rents in South Africa. This study also gives reliable growth and energy policy proposals to policymakers applicable to countries around the globe.

    更新日期:2020-01-15
  • Adaption of green composite in automotive part replacements: discussions on material modification and future patronage
    Environ. Sci. Pollut. Res. (IF 2.914) Pub Date : 2020-01-15
    Oludaisi Adekomaya

    The purpose of this paper is to discuss the concept of green composite in automotive part replacement. Adaptation of lightweight materials in transport system has been an integral part of weight saving measures in car’s component formation. The continuing rise in ambient temperature is a signal no scientist would ever ignore in the face of global warming and attendant water level surge. Reduction of body system of automobile vehicles has been ongoing for several years with huge patronage on synthetic materials. The sudden attention to green composite may not be unconnected with the environmental impact of vehicular materials after their life cycle. This has led to the improved properties of polymeric materials to replace ferrous and nonferrous metals in vehicle formation. In this paper, an in-depth study was undertaken on sustainable green materials limiting the scope on the plant fibre for automotive part replacement. Plant fibres are increasingly gaining momentum in view of their recyclability and environmental friendliness. It has been noted that nearly all automakers are exploring the recyclable or biodegradable materials for part replacement, making the green composite a material for the future. Part of the attracting properties of plant fibres is their relative high strength and stiffness with low cost and low CO2 emission. This is also, in addition, to their biodegradability and renewability. Further discussion in this paper centred on the difficulty in the modification of plant fibre for sustainable compatibility in part formations. Key of the conclusions drawn from this work indicates a promising future for plant fibres with enormous challenges relating to their chemical treatment.

    更新日期:2020-01-15
  • Application of spatial analysis to investigate contribution of VOCs to photochemical ozone creation
    Environ. Sci. Pollut. Res. (IF 2.914) Pub Date : 2020-01-15
    Mohammad Sakizadeh, Mohamed Mostafa Mohamed

    This study was concerned with the temporal analysis of benzene, toluene, ethylbenzene, xylenes (BTEXs), and ozone in Rochester, New York, between 2012 and 2018. Additionally, the influence of ozone precursors (e.g., BTEXs and NO2) and meteorological variables (e.g., relative humidity (RH), temperature along with wind speed) on ozone dispersion was investigated in the eastern half of the USA using the integrated nested Laplace approximation and stochastic partial differential equation (INLA-SPDE). The benzene variability at seasonal scale was characterized by higher values during the cold seasons. On the contrary, the long-term temporal trend of ozone depicted a repetitive cyclic behavior while an episode, with values exceeding 5 μg/m3, was detected associated with benzene in 2015. The spatial analysis by INLA-SPDE indicated that 1,3,5-trimethylbenzene and benzene were the key ozone precursors influencing ozone formation. It was demonstrated that increase of temperature had a considerable impact on ozone build-up whereas the increment of RH leads to decrease in ambient values of ozone. The amounts of root mean squared error (RMSE), mean absolute error (MAE), and bias for the validation data (e.g., 32 samples) were 0.005, 0.004, and 0.0008, exhibiting a reasonable out-of-sample forecasting by the INLA-SPDE model. The distribution map of ozone highlighted a hot spot in the state of Florida.

    更新日期:2020-01-15
  • Cooperative identification for critical periods and critical source areas of nonpoint source pollution in a typical watershed in China
    Environ. Sci. Pollut. Res. (IF 2.914) Pub Date : 2020-01-15
    Shuhe Ruan, Yanhua Zhuang, Song Hong, Liang Zhang, Zhen Wang, Xianqiang Tang, Weijia Wen

    Abstract Critical periods (CPs) and critical source areas (CSAs) refer to the high-risk periods and areas of nonpoint source (NPS) pollution in a watershed, respectively, and they play a significant role in NPS pollution control. The upstream Daning River Basin is a typical watershed in the Three Gorges Reservoir area. In this study, a Hydrological Simulation Program-Fortran (HSPF) model was used to simulate phosphorus loss in the upstream Daning River Basin. Co-analysis of critical periods and critical source areas (CACC) is a quantitative collaborative analysis method for the identification of CSAs in CPs, and it was used to classify the periods and areas of NPS pollution as CPs, sub-CPs, non-CPs, CSAs, and non-CSAs. The CPs occurred in months 5–7 and accounted for 53.7% of the total phosphorus (TP) loads, and the sub-CPs occurred in months 1, 3, 4, and 8 and accounted for 29.2% of the TP loads. In CSAs, 49.4% of the TP loads occurred in 26.8% of the basin. Furthermore, we proposed the following multilevel priority control measure for NPS pollution in the upstream Daning River Basin: CSAs in CPs (with load-area rate of 1.4), CSAs in sub-CPs (0.7), CSAs in non-CPs (0.4), non-CSAs in CPs (0.3), non-CSAs in sub-CPs (0.2), and non-CSAs in non-CPs (0.1). CSAs in CPs accounted for 25.8% of the TP loads from 19.0% of the areas in only 3 months while 49.4% of the TP loads from similar areas over an entire year. These findings indicated that the CSAs in CPs located in farmland along the Daning, Dongxi, and Houxi Rivers should be prioritized for pollution management measures.

    更新日期:2020-01-15
  • Salinity modulates biochemical and histopathological changes caused by silver nanoparticles in juvenile Persian sturgeon ( Acipenser persicus )
    Environ. Sci. Pollut. Res. (IF 2.914) Pub Date : 2020-01-15
    Ashkan Banan, Mohammad Reza Kalbassi, Mahmoud Bahmani, Ebrahim Sotoudeh, Seyed Ali Johari, Jonathan M. Ali, Alan S. Kolok

    The objective of this study was to evaluate the effect of salinity on the acute and sub-chronic toxicity of silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) in Persian sturgeon. This was evaluated by exposing Persian sturgeon to AgNPs in three salinities: freshwater (F: 0.4 ppt), brackish water 1 (B1: 6 ± 0.2 ppt), and brackish water 2 (B2: 12 ± 0.3 ppt) for 14 days, which was followed by analysis of alterations in plasma chemistry and histopathology of the gills, liver, and intestine. Values of 96-h median lethal concentration (LC50) were calculated as 0.89 mg/L in F, 2.07 mg/L in B1, and 1.59 mg/L in B2. After sub-chronic exposures, plasma cortisol, glucose, potassium, and sodium levels illustrated no significant changes within each salinity level. In F, 0.2 mg/L AgNP caused the highest levels of alkaline phosphatase and osmolality levels. In B1, 0.6 mg/L AgNP induced the highest level of alkaline phosphatase and elevated plasma osmolality was recorded in all AgNP-exposed treatments in comparison with the controls. The B2 treatment combined with 0.6 mg/L AgNP significantly reduced plasma chloride level. The results showed elevating salinity significantly increased osmolality, chloride, sodium, and potassium levels of plasma in the fish exposed to AgNPs. The abundance of the tissue lesions was AgNP concentration-dependent, where the highest number of damages was observed in the gills, followed by liver and intestine, respectively. The histopathological study also confirmed alterations such as degeneration of lamella, lifting of lamellar epithelium, hepatic vacuolation, pyknotic nuclei, and cellular infiltration of the lamina propria elicited by AgNPs in the gills, liver, and intestine of Persian sturgeon. In conclusion, the stability of AgNPs in aquatic environments can be regulated by changing the salinity, noting that AgNPs are more stable in low salinity waters.

    更新日期:2020-01-15
  • Soil labile and recalcitrant carbon and nitrogen dynamics in relation to functional vegetation groups along precipitation gradients in secondary grasslands of South China
    Environ. Sci. Pollut. Res. (IF 2.914) Pub Date : 2020-01-15
    Adugna Feyissa, Fan Yang, Jiao Feng, Junjun Wu, Qiong Chen, Xiaoli Cheng

    Abstract Soil labile and recalcitrant carbon (C) and nitrogen (N) are strongly controlled by plant inputs and climatic conditions. However, the interrelation of labile and recalcitrant pools with changes in plant functional groups (i.e., C3 and C4) along precipitation gradients is not fully understood. Here, we investigated the soil organic C and N (SOC and SON), labile C and N (LC and LN), recalcitrant C and N (RC and RN), and their isotopes (δ13C, and δ15N) in relation to C3 and C4 plant inputs from 20 sites across a 600-km precipitation gradient in secondary grasslands of South China. The SOC content decreased first slightly and then increased along precipitation gradients, largely due to the increase in C4 plant C inputs in the lower precipitation regions. In contrast, the SON content increased with increasing N inputs from C3 plant at higher precipitation regions. The LC and LN contents increased with increasing precipitation, whereas RC and RN did not change with precipitation. The LC and LN were correlated with plant C and N contents, as well as the mean annual precipitation, respectively. Increases in LC and LN stocks were tightly related to enhanced plant C and N inputs influenced by precipitation, suggesting stronger sensitivity of labile pools to both plant functional groups inputs and precipitation compared to the recalcitrant pool. Moreover, the δ13C values in RC declined with precipitation, while the δ15N values of both labile and recalcitrant N increased with increasing precipitation, further revealing that soil labile and recalcitrant C and N pools closely related to the shift in the C3 and C4 plant along precipitation gradients. Overall, our findings indicated that soil labile and recalcitrant fractions should be considered in context of precipitation under which plant inputs takes place in predicting soil C and N dynamics.

    更新日期:2020-01-15
  • Impact of an in-situ Cr(VI)-contaminated site remediation on the groundwater
    Environ. Sci. Pollut. Res. (IF 2.914) Pub Date : 2020-01-14
    Klaus Philipp Sedlazeck, Daniel Vollprecht, Peter Müller, Robert Mischitz, Reto Gieré

    Abstract This study presents the latest results of the groundwater monitoring of a research project, which tested an innovative pump and treat method in combination with an in-situ remediation. This technique was assessed on an abandoned site in Austria, where two hot spots of hexavalent chromium (Cr(VI)) were located. For the in-situ remediation, a strong reducing agent (sodium dithionite) was injected into the underground to reduce Cr(VI) to Cr(III) by using different injection strategies. Throughout this treatment, part of the Cr(VI) is mobilized and not instantly reduced. To prevent a further spreading of the mobilized Cr(VI), the pump and treat method, which uses zero-valent iron to clean the groundwater, was installed downgradient of the hot spots. Based on the groundwater sample analyses, it was possible to distinguish different remediation phases, characterized by excess chromate and excess sulfite. During the excess sulfite conditions, Cr(VI) was successfully removed from the system, but after terminating the sodium dithionite injection, the Cr(VI) rebounded.

    更新日期:2020-01-15
  • Transformation of hazardous lead into aluminosilicate ceramics: structure evolution and lead leaching
    Environ. Sci. Pollut. Res. (IF 2.914) Pub Date : 2020-01-14
    Jiani Yang, Xingwen Lu, Yuxin Liu, Fei Wang, Yuanqing Chao

    This study investigated crystallization mechanisms for the formation of lead aluminosilicate by sintering lead stabilization with kaolin-based precursors. PbAl2Si2O8 was found to be the only stable lead aluminosilicate in low-PbO system and demonstrates its highly intrinsic resistance to acid attack in leaching test. A three-stage PbAl2Si2O8 formation mechanism was supported by the results of the changing temperature in the system. Amorphization of sintered products was observed in both PbO/kaolinite and PbO/mullite systems at 600–700°C. When the temperature was increased to 750–900°C, the crystallochemical formation of lead aluminosilicates (i.e., Pb4Al4Si3O16, Pb6Al6Si2O21, and PbAl2Si2O8) was observed. Pb4Al4Si3O16 and Pb6Al6Si2O21 were found to be the intermediate phases at 700–900°C. Finally, PbAl2Si2O8 was found to be the only crystallite phase to host Pb at above 950°C. A maximum of 80% and 96.7% Pb can be incorporated into PbAl2Si2O8 in PbO/kaolinite and PbO/mullite systems, respectively, but the final products exhibited different microstructures. To reduce environmental hazard of lead, this strategy demonstrated a preferred mechanism of immobilizing lead into PbAl2Si2O8 structure via kaolin-based precursors.

    更新日期:2020-01-15
  • Exploring the powerful phytoarsenal of white grape marc against bacteria and parasites causing significant diseases
    Environ. Sci. Pollut. Res. (IF 2.914) Pub Date : 2020-01-14
    José-Luis Rodríguez Rama, Natalia Mallo, Marco Biddau, Francisco Fernandes, Trinidad de Miguel, Lilach Sheiner, Altino Choupina, Marta Lores

    Abstract Natural extracts containing high polyphenolic concentration possess antibacterial, anti-parasitic and fungicidal activities. The present research characterises two extracts based on white grape marc, a winemaking by-product, describing their physicochemical features and antimicrobial capacities. The main components of these extracts are phenolic acids, flavan-3-ols and their gallates and flavonols and their glycosides. As a result of this complex composition, the extracts showed pronounced bioactivities with potential uses in agricultural, pharmaceutical and cosmetic industries. Polyphenol compounds were extracted by using hydro-organic solvent mixtures from the by-product of Albariño white wines (Galicia, NW Spain) production. The in vitro antimicrobial activity of these extracts was evaluated on Gram-positive and Gram-negative bacteria and Apicomplexan and Oomycota parasites. Microbial species investigated are causing agents of several human and animal diseases, such as foodborne illnesses (Bacillus cereus, Escherichia coli, Salmonella enterica, and Toxoplasma gondii), skin infections and/or mastitis (Staphylococcus aureus and Streptococcus uberis), malaria (Plasmodium falciparum) and plant infections as “chestnut ink” or “root rot” (Phytophthora cinnamomi). Both extracts showed activity against all the tested species, being nontoxic for the host. So, they could be used for the development of biocides to control a wide range of pathogenic agents and contribute to the enhancement of winemaking industry by-products.

    更新日期:2020-01-15
  • Carnauba ( Copernicia prunifera ) palm tree biomass as adsorbent for Pb(II) and Cd(II) from water medium
    Environ. Sci. Pollut. Res. (IF 2.914) Pub Date : 2020-01-14
    Maria Roniele Félix Oliveira, Katiany do Vale Abreu, Ana Lúcia Eufrázio Romão, Dalila Maria Barbosa Davi, Carlos Emanuel de Carvalho Magalhães, Elma Neide Vasconcelos Martins Carrilho, Carlucio Roberto Alves

    Abstract Plant-based biomass (CFB (carnauba fruit biomass)) obtained from the fruit exocarp of the species Copernicia prunifera (Mill.) H.E. Moore (carnauba) was evaluated for its viability as an adsorbent of potentially toxic metals in aqueous medium. The CFB was characterized by powder X-ray spectroscopy (XRD), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), and zeta potential to investigate the morphology of the biosorbent and its interaction with water soluble metal ions of Pb and Cd. The biomass presents an amorphous structure, with negative zeta potential (− 2.59 mV), and the presence of functional groups such as O-H, C-O-C, C-H, and C=O. The removal potential of Pb(II) and Cd(II) was performed in a batch system, and monoelement solutions were tested to assess the effects of adsorbent dose and initial metal ion concentration, pH at the point of zero charge (pHPZC), sorption kinetics, and adsorption capacity. The most appropriate adsorbent concentration was 5 g/L, and sorption studies were carried out at pH 5.0 (pHPZC = 4.68), in which the surface of the adsorbent shows negative charges and favors the adsorption of metal ions. Kinetic studies showed that the pseudo-second order model best fit the experimental data, and equilibrium was reached at 120 min of contact time. The experimental sorption capacity (SCexp) for Pb and Cd was around 28 and 34 mg/g, respectively, and six different non-linear isotherm models were used to describe the sorption phenomena, among them, four with 2 parameters, i.e., Langmuir, Freundlich, Temkin, and Dubinin-Radushkevich (DR), respectively, and two with 3 parameters, namely, SIPS and Hill. The non-linear Temkin and Freundlich isotherm models best fit the experimental data for Pb(II) and Cd(II), respectively. According to the Langmuir model, Qmax was 26 mg/g and 58 mg/g for Pb(II) and Cd(II), respectively, indicating the efficiency of CFB as a new alternative to conventional methods for the removal of potentially toxic metals from aqueous medium.

    更新日期:2020-01-15
  • Correction to: Intelligent-activated carbon prepared from pistachio shells precursor for effective adsorption of heavy metals from industrial waste of copper mine
    Environ. Sci. Pollut. Res. (IF 2.914) Pub Date : 2020-01-14
    Vajihe Nejadshafiee, Mohammad Reza Islami

    The original publication of this paper contains a mistake.

    更新日期:2020-01-14
  • A review of the catalysts used in the reduction of NO by CO for gas purification
    Environ. Sci. Pollut. Res. (IF 2.914) Pub Date : 2020-01-14
    Zhicheng Xu, Yuran Li, Yuting Lin, Tingyu Zhu

    Abstract The reduction of NO by the CO produced by incomplete combustion in the flue gas can remove CO and NO simultaneously and economically. However, there are some problems and challenges in the industrial application which limit the application of this process. In this work, noble metal catalysts and transition metal catalysts used in the reduction of NO by CO in recent years are systematically reviewed, emphasizing the research progress on Ir-based catalysts and Cu-based catalysts with prospective applications. The effects of catalyst support, additives, pretreatment methods, and physicochemical properties of catalysts on catalytic activity are summarized. In addition, the effects of atmosphere conditions on the catalytic activity are discussed. Several kinds of reaction mechanisms are proposed for noble metal catalysts and transition metal catalysts. Ir-based catalysts have an excellent activity for NO reduction by CO in the presence of O2. Cu-based bimetallic catalysts show better catalytic performance in the absence of O2, in that the adsorption and dissociation of NO can occur on both oxygen vacancies and metal sites. Finally, the potential problems existing in the application of the reduction of NO by CO in industrial flue gas are analyzed and some promising solutions are put forward through this review.

    更新日期:2020-01-14
  • Influence of particle size distribution on anaerobic degradation of phenol and analysis of methanogenic microbial community
    Environ. Sci. Pollut. Res. (IF 2.914) Pub Date : 2020-01-14
    Jing Wang, Benteng Wu, Julian Muñoz Sierra, Chunhua He, Zhenhu Hu, Wei Wang

    Sludge morphology considerably affects the mechanism underlying microbial anaerobic degradation of phenol. Here, we assessed the phenol degradation rate, specific methanogenic activity, electron transport activity, coenzyme F420 concentration, and microbial community structure of five phenol-degrading sludge of varying particle sizes (i.e., < 20, 20–50, 50–100, 100–200, and > 200 μm). The results indicated an increase in phenol degradation rate and microbial community structure that distinctly correlated with an increase in sludge particle size. Although the sludge with the smallest particle size (< 20 μm) showed the lowest phenol degradation rate (9.3 mg COD·gVSS−1 day−1), its methanogenic activity with propionic acid, butyric acid, and H2/CO2 as substrates was the best, and the concentration of coenzyme F420 was the highest. The small particle size sludge did not contain abundant syntrophic bacteria or hydrogenotrophic methanogens, but contained abundant acetoclastic methanogens. Moreover, the floc sizes of the different sludge varied in important phenol-degrading bacteria and archaea, which may dominate the synergistic mechanism. This study provides a new perspective on the role of sludge floc size on the anaerobic digestion of phenol.

    更新日期:2020-01-14
  • Optimal water and land resource allocation in pastoral areas based on a water–land forage–livestock balance: a case study of Otog Front Banner, Inner Mongolia, China
    Environ. Sci. Pollut. Res. (IF 2.914) Pub Date : 2020-01-14
    Haiyuan Lu, Heping Li, Jun Wang, Hexiang Zheng, Xuesong Cao, Changfu Tong

    Abstract Natural grasslands provide important land resources in pastoral areas, and greatly contribute to ecological functioning. Overgrazing and other unreasonable exploitations have led to the degradation and desertification of natural grasslands, exacerbating the forage–livestock imbalance. In areas suffering from water shortage, this imbalance gradually evolves into a water–land forage–livestock imbalance. In this study, a water–land forage–livestock balance–based model was developed to optimise the allocation of water, land, and forage resources in pastoral areas, while addressing economic and ecological benefits in a coupled manner. The model was applied in a case study of Otog Front Banner to simulate the comprehensive economic and ecological benefits to the development of water, land, and forage resources in different coupled allocations of artificial and natural grasslands. The results showed that as the duration of supplementary and barn feeding increased, local development was first constrained by the availability of natural grasslands and then by the availability of water resources. The optimal resource allocation in Otog Front Banner predicted for 2030 included a water consumption of 266,000,000 m3, an irrigation area of 43,000 ha, a natural grassland utilisation area of 684,700 ha, and a livestock farming scale of 1,188,500 sheep units.

    更新日期:2020-01-14
  • Development of quantitative structure-property relationship model for predicting the field sampling rate ( R s ) of Chemcatcher passive sampler
    Environ. Sci. Pollut. Res. (IF 2.914) Pub Date : 2020-01-14
    Yaqi Wang, Huihui Liu, Xianhai Yang

    Passive sampling technology has been considered as a promising tool to measure the concentration of environmental contaminants. With this technology, sampling rate (Rs) is an important parameter. However, as experimental methods employed to obtain the Rs value of a given compound were time-consuming, laborious, and expensive. A cost-effective method for deriving Rs is urgent. In addition, considering the great dependence of Rs value on water matrix properties, the laboratory measured Rs may not be a good alternative for field Rs. Thus, obtaining the field Rs is very necessary. In this study, a multiparameter quantitative structure-property relationship (QSPR) model was constructed for predicting the field Rs of 91 polar to semi-polar organic compounds. The determination coefficient (R2Train), leave-one-out cross-validated coefficient (Q2LOO), bootstrap coefficient (Q2BOOT), and root mean square error (RMSETrain) of the training set were 0.772, 0.706, 0.769, and 0.230, respectively, while the external validation coefficient (Q2EXT) and RMSEEXT of the validation set were 0.641 and 0.253, respectively. According to the acceptable criteria (Q2 > 0.600, R2 > 0.700), the model had good robustness, goodness-of-fit, and predictive performances. Therefore, we could use the model to fill the data gap for substances within the applicability domain on their missing Rs value.

    更新日期:2020-01-14
Contents have been reproduced by permission of the publishers.
导出
全部期刊列表>>
2020新春特辑
限时免费阅读临床医学内容
ACS材料视界
科学报告最新纳米科学与技术研究
清华大学化学系段昊泓
自然科研论文编辑服务
中国科学院大学楚甲祥
上海纽约大学William Glover
中国科学院化学研究所
课题组网站
X-MOL
北京大学分子工程苏南研究院
华东师范大学分子机器及功能材料
中山大学化学工程与技术学院
试剂库存
天合科研
down
wechat
bug