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  • Changing diets and traditional lifestyle of Siberian Arctic Indigenous Peoples and effects on health and well-being
    Ambio (IF 4.778) Pub Date : 2020-10-14
    Sergey Andronov, Andrey Lobanov, Andrey Popov, Ying Luo, Olga Shaduyko, Anatoliy Fesyun, Lilia Lobanova, Elena Bogdanova, Irina Kobel’kova

    The diet of Indigenous Peoples of North-Western Siberia is characterized by a significant proportion of traditional foods. Eating local products provides a ready-made set of macro- and microelements necessary for life in the challenging conditions of the Arctic. Currently, high consumption of traditional foods is typical in the season of fishing or reindeer slaughter, while out of season the consumption

  • Measuring the sustainability of Russia’s Arctic cities
    Ambio (IF 4.778) Pub Date : 2020-10-14
    Robert W. Orttung, Oleg Anisimov, Svetlana Badina, Charlene Burns, Leena Cho, Benjamin DiNapoli, Matthew Jull, Melissa Shaiman, Ksenia Shapovalova, Leah Silinsky, Emily Zhang, Yelena Zhiltcova

    How sustainable are Russia’s Arctic cities? Russia’s far north metropolises are distinctive from other Arctic cities in terms of their large size, efforts to conquer nature, and big business’ impact on the urban landscape. The Russian Arctic cities’ Soviet-era design gave them compact and dense population structures. Such features led to many benefits for achieving sustainability, including more efficient

  • Planning nature-based solutions: Principles, steps, and insights
    Ambio (IF 4.778) Pub Date : 2020-10-14
    Christian Albert, Mario Brillinger, Paulina Guerrero, Sarah Gottwald, Jennifer Henze, Stefan Schmidt, Edward Ott, Barbara Schröter

    Nature-based solutions (NBS) find increasing attention as actions to address societal challenges through harnessing ecological processes, yet knowledge gaps exist regarding approaches to landscape planning with NBS. This paper aims to provide suggestions of how planning NBS can be conceptualized and applied in practice. We develop a framework for planning NBS by merging insights from literature and

  • Social dimensions of a forest-based bioeconomy: A summary and synthesis
    Ambio (IF 4.778) Pub Date : 2020-10-13
    Lea Ranacher, Ida Wallin, Lauri Valsta, Daniela Kleinschmit

    How perceptions of the forest-based bioeconomy differ across country contexts and social groups is important as it opens possibilities for the development of more inclusive, locally and socially relevant bioeconomy policies and strategies. Therefore, this special section explores the social dimensions of the forest-based bioeconomy by focusing on discourses and perceptions of different actor groups

  • Bioeconomy perception by future stakeholders: Hearing from European forestry students
    Ambio (IF 4.778) Pub Date : 2020-10-13
    Mauro Masiero, Laura Secco, Davide Pettenella, Riccardo Da Re, Hanna Bernö, Ariane Carreira, Alexander Dobrovolsky, Blanka Giertlieova, Alexandru Giurca, Sara Holmgren, Cecilia Mark-Herbert, Lenka Navrátilová, Helga Pülzl, Lea Ranacher, Alessandra Salvalaggio, Arnaud Sergent, Juuso Sopanen, Cristoph Stelzer, Theresa Stetter, Lauri Valsta, Jozef Výbošťok, Ida Wallin

    This article provides useful information for universities offering forestry programs and facing the growing demand for bioeconomy education. An explorative survey on bioeconomy perception among 1400 students enrolled in 29 universities across nine European countries offering forestry programs was performed. The data have been elaborated via descriptive statistics and cluster analysis. Around 70% of

  • Forest bioeconomy in the media discourse in Spain
    Ambio (IF 4.778) Pub Date : 2020-10-12
    Alexia Sanz-Hernández, Encarna Esteban, Pedro Marco, Gerardo Soriano

    Media can play a key role in shaping public opinion and setting a policy agenda by conveying and influencing public discourse. This article evaluates how the Spanish media has covered the topic of the forest bioeconomy and what kind of discourse it has produced and reproduced around it. For this purpose, we analysed the content of 204 national and regional newspaper articles. The results reveal the

  • Reviewing the interface of bioeconomy and ecosystem service research
    Ambio (IF 4.778) Pub Date : 2020-10-12
    Dalia D’Amato, Bartosz Bartkowski, Nils Droste

    The bioeconomy is currently being globally promoted as a sustainability avenue involving several societal actors. While the bioeconomy is broadly about the substitution of fossil resources with bio-based ones, three main (competing or complementary) bioeconomy visions are emerging in scientific literature: resource, biotechnology, and agroecology. The implementation of one or more of these visions

  • A consumer-driven bioeconomy in housing? Combining consumption style with students' perceptions of the use of wood in multi-storey buildings
    Ambio (IF 4.778) Pub Date : 2020-10-09
    Eliisa Kylkilahti, Sami Berghäll, Minna Autio, Jonne Nurminen, Ritva Toivonen, Katja Lähtinen, Heini Vihemäki, Florencia Franzini, Anne Toppinen

    Consumer acceptance of new bio-based products plays a key role in the envisioned transition towards a forest-based bioeconomy. Multi-storey wooden buildings (MSWB) exemplify a modern, bio-based business opportunity for enacting low-carbon urban housing. However, there is limited knowledge about the differing perceptions consumers hold regarding wood as an urban building material. To fill this gap,

  • Bioeconomy imaginaries: A review of forest-related social science literature
    Ambio (IF 4.778) Pub Date : 2020-10-09
    Sara Holmgren, Dalia D’Amato, Alexandru Giurca

    This review article examines how social science literature co-produces various imaginaries of forest-based bioeconomy transformations and pathways for reaching desired ends. Based on an analysis of 59 research articles, we find that despite a growing number of social sciences studies on the forest-based bioeconomy, much of the research tends to replicate a bioeconomy imaginary articulated in EU and

  • Avoiding negativity bias: Towards a positive psychology of human–wildlife relationships
    Ambio (IF 4.778) Pub Date : 2020-10-07
    Arjen Buijs, Maarten Jacobs

    Recently, new approaches to wildlife management are being developed, such as coexistence management and convivial conservation. These approaches aim to shift management practices from mitigating human–wildlife conflicts towards cohabitation and explore mutual benefits. To align empirical research to these new approaches, we argue for the relevance of positive psychology theory to inspire and structure

  • Beyond ‘trees are good’: Disservices, management costs, and tradeoffs in urban forestry
    Ambio (IF 4.778) Pub Date : 2020-10-04
    Lara A. Roman, Tenley M. Conway, Theodore S. Eisenman, Andrew K. Koeser, Camilo Ordóñez Barona, Dexter H. Locke, G. Darrel Jenerette, Johan Östberg, Jess Vogt

    The provision of ecosystem services is a prominent rationale for urban greening, and there is a prevailing mantra that ‘trees are good’. However, understanding how urban trees contribute to sustainability must also consider disservices. In this perspective article, we discuss recent research on ecosystem disservices of urban trees, including infrastructure conflicts, health and safety impacts, aesthetic

  • Understanding and managing the interactions of impacts from nature-based recreation and climate change
    Ambio (IF 4.778) Pub Date : 2020-10-04
    Christopher A. Monz, Kevin J. Gutzwiller, Vera Helene Hausner, Mark W. Brunson, Ralf Buckley, Catherine M. Pickering

    Disturbance to ecosystems in parks and protected areas from nature-based tourism and recreation is increasing in scale and severity, as are the impacts of climate change—but there is limited research examining the degree to which these anthropogenic disturbances interact. In this perspective paper, we draw on the available literature to expose complex recreation and climate interactions that may alter

  • Urban water and food security in this century and beyond: Resource-smart cities and residents
    Ambio (IF 4.778) Pub Date : 2020-10-01
    Jan-Olof Drangert

    The urban world population will increase from 3 to 8.5 thousand million in the 21st century. Cities become hot spots of both demand for water and global food and for disposed used water and nutrients. Sustainability requires that resource flows through our cities are co-managed and connected to agriculture. Reduced use of harmful chemicals in consumer products facilitates treatment to a quality that

  • A social-ecological framework and toolbox to help strengthening functional agrobiodiversity-supported ecosystem services at the landscape scale.
    Ambio (IF 4.778) Pub Date : 2020-09-20
    Frederik Gerits,Lies Messely,Bert Reubens,Kris Verheyen

    Functional agrobiodiversity (FAB) has severely declined during the last decades. Current efforts to reinforce FAB are mainly focused on single-actor, parcel-based measures, whereas multi-actor landscape approaches are supposed to be more effective. In this paper, we propose a social-ecological framework that structures how different land users at both the parcel and landscape level interact with FAB

  • Assessing four methods for establishing native plants on urban vacant land.
    Ambio (IF 4.778) Pub Date : 2020-09-18
    Elsa C Anderson,Emily S Minor

    Urban greening increases vegetation and can restore ecological functions to urban systems. It has ties to restoration ecology, which aims to return degraded land to diverse, functional ecosystems. Both practices can be applied to maximizing ecosystem services and habitat in vacant lots, which are abundant in post-industrial cities, including Chicago, Illinois (USA), where our study took place. We tested

  • Operationalizing ecosystem service bundles for strategic sustainability planning: A participatory approach.
    Ambio (IF 4.778) Pub Date : 2020-09-18
    Katja Malmborg,Elin Enfors-Kautsky,Cibele Queiroz,Albert Norström,Lisen Schultz

    The ecosystem service concept is recognized as a useful tool to support sustainability in decision-making. In this study, we collaborated with actors in the Helge å catchment, southern Sweden, in an iterative participatory ecosystem service assessment. Through workshops and interviews, we jointly decided which ecosystem services to assess and indicators to use in order to achieve a sense of ownership

  • Comparing nutrient reference concentrations in Nordic countries with focus on lowland rivers.
    Ambio (IF 4.778) Pub Date : 2020-09-15
    Eva Skarbøvik,Jukka Aroviita,Jens Fölster,Anne Lyche Solheim,Katarina Kyllmar,Katri Rankinen,Brian Kronvang

    Reference conditions of water bodies are defined as the natural or minimal anthropogenically disturbed state. We compared the methods for determining total phosphorus and total nitrogen concentrations in rivers in Finland, Norway and Sweden as well as the established reference conditions and evaluated the possibility for transfer and harmonisation of methods. We found that both methods and values differed

  • Phosphorus retention, erosion protection and farmers' perceptions of riparian buffer zones with grass and natural vegetation: Case studies from South-Eastern Norway.
    Ambio (IF 4.778) Pub Date : 2020-09-15
    Anne-Grete Buseth Blankenberg,Eva Skarbøvik

    Phosphorus retention and bank erosion was investigated in two types of buffer zones in cereal fields in Norway: zones used for grass production and zones with natural vegetation. Farmers’ views on the two types of buffer zones were collected through questionnaires and in-depth interviews. Our results indicate that the grassed buffer zones had higher levels of plant-available phosphorus and lower infiltration

  • Catchment effects of a future Nordic bioeconomy: From land use to water resources.
    Ambio (IF 4.778) Pub Date : 2020-09-14
    Eva Skarbøvik,Philip Jordan,Ahti Lepistö,Brian Kronvang,Marc I Stutter,Jan E Vermaat

    In the future, the world is expected to rely increasingly on renewable biomass resources for food, fodder, fibre and fuel. The sustainability of this transition to bioeconomy for our water systems depends to a large extent on how we manage our land resources. Changes in land use together with climate change will affect water quantity and quality, which again will have implications for the ecosystem

  • The missing pieces for better future predictions in subarctic ecosystems: A Torneträsk case study.
    Ambio (IF 4.778) Pub Date : 2020-09-13
    Didac Pascual,Jonas Åkerman,Marina Becher,Terry V Callaghan,Torben R Christensen,Ellen Dorrepaal,Urban Emanuelsson,Reiner Giesler,Dan Hammarlund,Edward Hanna,Annika Hofgaard,Hongxiao Jin,Cecilia Johansson,Christer Jonasson,Jonatan Klaminder,Jan Karlsson,Erik Lundin,Anders Michelsen,David Olefeldt,Andreas Persson,Gareth K Phoenix,Zofia Rączkowska,Riikka Rinnan,Lena Ström,Jing Tang,Ruth K Varner,Philip

    Arctic and subarctic ecosystems are experiencing substantial changes in hydrology, vegetation, permafrost conditions, and carbon cycling, in response to climatic change and other anthropogenic drivers, and these changes are likely to continue over this century. The total magnitude of these changes results from multiple interactions among these drivers. Field measurements can address the overall responses

  • Forests in common: Learning from diversity of community forest arrangements in Europe.
    Ambio (IF 4.778) Pub Date : 2020-09-13
    Anna Lawrence,Paola Gatto,Nevenka Bogataj,Gun Lidestav

    Europe has a wealth of community forest arrangements. This paper aims to transcend the diversity of locally specific terms and forms, to highlight the value of considering them inclusively. Building on methods to make sense of diversity, we use reflexive grounded inquiry in fifteen cases in Italy, Scotland, Slovenia and Sweden. Within four dimensions (forest, community, relationships between them,

  • Nordic Bioeconomy Pathways: Future narratives for assessment of water-related ecosystem services in agricultural and forest management.
    Ambio (IF 4.778) Pub Date : 2020-09-13
    Jelena Rakovic,Martyn N Futter,Katarina Kyllmar,Katri Rankinen,Marc I Stutter,Jan Vermaat,Dennis Collentine

    Further development of the bioeconomy, the substitution of bioresources for fossil resources, will lead to an increased pressure on land and water resources in both agriculture and forestry. It is important to study whether resultant changes in land management may in turn lead to impairment of water services. This paper describes the Nordic Bioeconomy Pathways (NBPs), a set of regional sectoral storylines

  • Multi-functional benefits from targeted set-aside land in a Danish catchment.
    Ambio (IF 4.778) Pub Date : 2020-09-12
    Fatemeh Hashemi,Brian Kronvang

    In this study, we explored how a targeted land use change in a Danish catchment (River Odense) may provide multi-functional benefits through nitrogen (N)-load reductions to obtain good ecological quality in Odense estuary, protection of N-vulnerable groundwater aquifers, protection of Natura2000 sites and carbon sequestration. An N-load model linked to GIS thematic layers of known protected areas (Natura2000

  • Climate effects on land management and stream nitrogen concentrations in small agricultural catchments in Norway.
    Ambio (IF 4.778) Pub Date : 2020-09-12
    Hannah Wenng,Marianne Bechmann,Tore Krogstad,Eva Skarbøvik

    Land use and climate change can impact water quality in agricultural catchments. The objectives were to assess long-term monitoring data to quantify changes to the thermal growing season length, investigate farmer adaptations to this and examine these and other factors in relation to total nitrogen and nitrate water concentrations. Data (1991–2017) from seven small Norwegian agricultural catchments

  • Climate mitigation and intensified forest management in Norway: To what extent are surface waters safeguarded?
    Ambio (IF 4.778) Pub Date : 2020-09-12
    Frode Sundnes,Marianne Karlsson,Froukje Maria Platjouw,Nicholas Clarke,Øyvind Kaste,Salar Valinia

    While the role of forestry in mitigating climate change is increasingly subject to political commitment, other areas, such as water protection, may be at risk. In this study, we ask whether surface waters are sufficiently safeguarded in relation to the 2015 launch of a series of measures to intensify forest management for mitigation of climate change in Norway. First, we assess how impacts on water

  • Potential impacts of a future Nordic bioeconomy on surface water quality.
    Ambio (IF 4.778) Pub Date : 2020-09-12
    Hannu Marttila,Ahti Lepistö,Anne Tolvanen,Marianne Bechmann,Katarina Kyllmar,Artti Juutinen,Hannah Wenng,Eva Skarbøvik,Martyn Futter,Pirkko Kortelainen,Katri Rankinen,Seppo Hellsten,Bjørn Kløve,Brian Kronvang,Øyvind Kaste,Anne Lyche Solheim,Joy Bhattacharjee,Jelena Rakovic,Heleen de Wit

    Nordic water bodies face multiple stressors due to human activities, generating diffuse loading and climate change. The ‘green shift’ towards a bio-based economy poses new demands and increased pressure on the environment. Bioeconomy-related pressures consist primarily of more intensive land management to maximise production of biomass. These activities can add considerable nutrient and sediment loads

  • Optimizing placement of constructed wetlands at landscape scale in order to reduce phosphorus losses.
    Ambio (IF 4.778) Pub Date : 2020-09-12
    Faruk Djodjic,Pia Geranmayeh,Hampus Markensten

    Constructed wetlands (CWs) are one of the main countermeasures to reduce diffuse phosphorus (P) losses, but there is still a lack of systematic guidance accounting for spatially variable effects of hydraulic and P load on P retention. We present a three-step modelling approach for determining suitable placement of CWs in four different size groups (0.1–1.0 ha), based on incoming hydraulic and P load

  • Assessing the potential of bioeconomy in Slovakia based on public perception of renewable materials in contrast to non-renewable materials.
    Ambio (IF 4.778) Pub Date : 2020-09-11
    Lenka Navrátilová,Jozef Výbošťok,Zuzana Dobšinská,Jaroslav Šálka,Magdaléna Pichlerová,Viliam Pichler

    There is a need for societal transformation towards bioeconomy, which promotes the replacement of non-renewable natural resources with renewable ones. Slovakia has considerable potential for bioeconomy development, yet this potential remains untapped. This article evaluates the public perception regarding the individual properties of renewable and non-renewable materials and their relation to the potential

  • A conceptual model of the social-ecological system of nature-based solutions in urban environments.
    Ambio (IF 4.778) Pub Date : 2020-09-11
    Konstantinos Tzoulas,Juanjo Galan,Stephen Venn,Matthew Dennis,Bas Pedroli,Himansu Mishra,Dagmar Haase,Stephan Pauleit,Jari Niemelä,Philip James

    This article provides a perspective on nature-based solutions. First, the argument is developed that nature-based solutions integrate social and ecological systems. Then, theoretical considerations relating to relational values, multifunctionality, transdisciplinarity, and polycentric governance are briefly outlined. Finally, a conceptual model of the social–ecological system of nature-based solutions

  • Assumptions in ecosystem service assessments: Increasing transparency for conservation.
    Ambio (IF 4.778) Pub Date : 2020-09-11
    Matthias Schröter,Emilie Crouzat,Lisanne Hölting,Julian Massenberg,Julian Rode,Mario Hanisch,Nadja Kabisch,Julia Palliwoda,Jörg A Priess,Ralf Seppelt,Michael Beckmann

    Conservation efforts are increasingly supported by ecosystem service assessments. These assessments depend on complex multi-disciplinary methods, and rely on a number of assumptions which reduce complexity. If assumptions are ambiguous or inadequate, misconceptions and misinterpretations may arise when interpreting results of assessments. An interdisciplinary understanding of assumptions in ecosystem

  • Opinions of 12 to 13-year-olds in Austria and Australia on the concern, cause and imminence of climate change.
    Ambio (IF 4.778) Pub Date : 2020-09-11
    Inez Harker-Schuch,Steven Lade,Franklin Mills,Rebecca Colvin

    Early adolescence (12–13 years old) is a critical but under-researched demographic for the formation of attitudes related to climate change. We address this important area by exploring adolescent views about climate change. This paper presents opinions collected from surveys of 463 1st-year secondary school students (12–13 years old) in public secondary schools in inner-urban centres in Austria and

  • Small habitat matrix: How does it work?
    Ambio (IF 4.778) Pub Date : 2020-09-11
    Casey Keat-Chuan Ng,John Payne,Felicity Oram

    We present herein our perspective of a novel Small Habitats Matrix (SHM) concept showing how small habitats on private lands are untapped but can be valuable for mitigating ecological degradation. Grounded by the realities in Sabah, Malaysian Borneo, we model a discontinuous “stepping stones” linkage that includes both terrestrial and aquatic habitats to illustrate exactly how the SHM can be deployed

  • Climate change, risk perception, and protection motivation among high-altitude residents of the Mt. Everest region in Nepal.
    Ambio (IF 4.778) Pub Date : 2020-09-04
    Neelam C Poudyal,Omkar Joshi,Donald G Hodges,Hem Bhandari,Pramod Bhattarai

    Mountain ecosystems are considered vulnerable to early impacts of climate change. Whether and how local residents of these areas perceive these changes, however, remain under-studied questions. By conducting a household survey in the Khumbu region of Nepal, this study assessed local residents’ experience-based perception of changes in climate trends and patterns, perceived risk, and attitudes towards

  • On the uncertainty and confidence in decision support tools (DSTs) with insights from the Baltic Sea ecosystem.
    Ambio (IF 4.778) Pub Date : 2020-09-03
    Floris M van Beest,Henrik Nygård,Vivi Fleming,Jacob Carstensen

    Ecosystems around the world are increasingly exposed to multiple, often interacting human activities, leading to pressures and possibly environmental state changes. Decision support tools (DSTs) can assist environmental managers and policy makers to evaluate the current status of ecosystems (i.e. assessment tools) and the consequences of alternative policies or management scenarios (i.e. planning tools)

  • Resource allocation in transboundary tuna fisheries: A global analysis.
    Ambio (IF 4.778) Pub Date : 2020-09-03
    Katherine Seto,Grantly R Galland,Alice McDonald,Angela Abolhassani,Kamal Azmi,Hussain Sinan,Trent Timmiss,Megan Bailey,Quentin Hanich

    Resource allocation is a fundamental and challenging component of common pool resource governance, particularly transboundary fisheries. We highlight the growing importance of allocation in fisheries governance, comparing approaches of the five tuna Regional Fisheries Management Organizations (tRFMOs). We find all tRFMOs except one have defined resources for allocation and outlined principles to guide

  • Modeling eelgrass spatial response to nutrient abatement measures in a changing climate.
    Ambio (IF 4.778) Pub Date : 2020-08-13
    Ivo C Bobsien,Wolfgang Hukriede,Christian Schlamkow,René Friedland,Norman Dreier,Philipp R Schubert,Rolf Karez,Thorsten B H Reusch

    For many coastal areas including the Baltic Sea, ambitious nutrient abatement goals have been set to curb eutrophication, but benefits of such measures were normally not studied in light of anticipated climate change. To project the likely responses of nutrient abatement on eelgrass (Zostera marina), we coupled a species distribution model with a biogeochemical model, obtaining future water turbidity

  • Is small hydropower beautiful? Social impacts of river fragmentation in China's Red River Basin.
    Ambio (IF 4.778) Pub Date : 2020-08-13
    Tyler Harlan,Rui Xu,Jun He

    Small hydropower (SHP) is promoted as a pro-poor renewable energy source that does not have the negative social impacts of large dams. This article challenges these claims, using data from a household survey in China’s upper Red River Basin. We find that SHP can fragment river systems in ways that reduce irrigation water availability, provoke changes to agricultural practices, and negatively impact

  • Living with floating vegetation invasions.
    Ambio (IF 4.778) Pub Date : 2020-07-28
    Fritz Kleinschroth,R Scott Winton,Elisa Calamita,Fabian Niggemann,Martina Botter,Bernhard Wehrli,Jaboury Ghazoul

    Invasions of water bodies by floating vegetation, including water hyacinth (Eichhornia crassipes), are a huge global problem for fisheries, hydropower generation, and transportation. We analyzed floating plant coverage on 20 reservoirs across the world’s tropics and subtropics, using > 30 year time-series of LANDSAT remote-sensing imagery. Despite decades of costly weed control, floating invasion severity

  • Depletion of coastal predatory fish sub-stocks coincided with the largest sea urchin grazing event observed in the NE Atlantic.
    Ambio (IF 4.778) Pub Date : 2020-07-27
    Kjell Magnus Norderhaug,Kjell Nedreaas,Mats Huserbråten,Even Moland

    In this contribution, we propose fishery driven predator release as the cause for the largest grazing event ever observed in the NE Atlantic. Based on the evolving appreciation of limits to population connectivity, published and previously unpublished data, we discuss whether overfishing caused a grazer bloom of the sea urchin (Strongylocentrotus droebachiensis) resulting in overgrazing of more than

  • Factors influencing perceptions of aquatic ecosystems.
    Ambio (IF 4.778) Pub Date : 2020-07-22
    Joseph Flotemersch,Kelsey Aho

    While factors influencing perceptions of drinking water have been well studied, those of aquatic ecosystems have been to lesser extent. We conducted a review to improve awareness of these factors. Environmental factors found to influence public perceptions of aquatic ecosystems were presence/absence of water plants and algae, presence/absence of floating debris, the odor, movement (for flowing waters)

  • Linking contemporary river restoration to economics, technology, politics, and society: Perspectives from a historical case study of the Po River Basin, Italy.
    Ambio (IF 4.778) Pub Date : 2020-07-22
    Fabrizio Frascaroli,Giacomo Parrinello,Meredith Root-Bernstein

    River restoration is a novel paradigm of ‘mirescape’ (land-and-water-scape) management that developed along with the emergence of aquatic ecology. River restoration can be seen as the application of an ecological perspective to return rivers to nature. However, the river restoration paradigm is also the contemporary iteration of historical phases of mirescape management. We review the long and varied

  • Parks under attack: Brazil's Iguaçu National Park illustrates a global threat to biodiversity.
    Ambio (IF 4.778) Pub Date : 2020-07-03
    Victor Mateus Prasniewski,Neucir Szinwelski,Thadeu Sobral-Souza,Angela Marcia Kuczach,Carlos Rodrigo Brocardo,Carlos Frankl Sperber,Philip Martin Fearnside

    National parks are under attack in many parts of the world, including Brazil, which the Convention on Biodiversity ranks as the world’s most biodiverse country. Brazil has been experiencing an unprecedented environmental crisis, and the political situation in the country favors approval of environmentally damaging measures by both the legislative and executive branches of government. A new and largely

  • Applying ecosystem services as a framework to analyze the effects of alternative bio-economy scenarios in Nordic catchments.
    Ambio (IF 4.778) Pub Date : 2020-06-27
    Jan E Vermaat,Bart Immerzeel,Eija Pouta,Artti Juutinen

    The inherently unknown future development of a Nordic bio-economy was studied with four scenarios applied in an ecosystem service assessment framework. This framework couples CORINE land use cover with estimates of 15 final ecosystem services from the CICES 5.1 classification in biophysical and monetary terms. Current land use in two catchments, Lillebæk (83% cropland, area 4.7 km2, Denmark) and Ovre

  • No evidence of systematic pre-emptive loggings after notifying landowners of their lands' conservation potential.
    Ambio (IF 4.778) Pub Date : 2020-06-23
    Eini Nieminen,Kalle Salovaara,Panu Halme,Janne Sakari Kotiaho

    Landowners can intentionally impair biodiversity values occurring on their land to pre-empt biodiversity protection. This often leads to significant negative effects on biodiversity. We studied whether landowners in Finland engaged in pre-emptive loggings after they were notified that their wooded mires are candidate sites for a mire protection program. After the notification, harvesting rates of the

  • Usage, definition, and measurement of coexistence, tolerance and acceptance in wildlife conservation research in Africa.
    Ambio (IF 4.778) Pub Date : 2020-06-15
    Jillian Knox,Kirstie Ruppert,Beatrice Frank,Carly C Sponarski,Jenny Anne Glikman

    The terms ‘coexistence’, ‘tolerance,’ and ‘acceptance’ appear frequently in conservation literature, but lack consistent characterization, making them difficult to apply across intervention frameworks. This review aims to describe the common characterizations of these three terms using Africa-based research as a case study. Through systematic lexical searches, we identified 392 papers containing one

  • Streamwater responses to reduced nitrogen deposition at four small upland catchments in Norway.
    Ambio (IF 4.778) Pub Date : 2020-06-13
    Øyvind Kaste,Kari Austnes,Heleen A de Wit

    Reduced emissions of nitrogen (N) in Europe have resulted in decreasing atmospheric deposition since 1990. Long-term data (1988–2017) from four small Norwegian catchments located along gradients in N deposition, rainfall, and organic carbon (C) show different responses to 25–30% reductions in N deposition during the same period. At three sites the decreased N deposition caused reduced leaching of nitrate

  • How changing fire management policies affect fire seasonality and livelihoods.
    Ambio (IF 4.778) Pub Date : 2020-06-10
    Glynis Joy Humphrey,Lindsey Gillson,Gina Ziervogel

    There is a long history of fire management in African savannas, but knowledge of historical and current use of fire is scarce in savanna-woodland biomes. This study explores past and present fire management practices and perceptions of the Khwe (former hunter-gatherers) and Mbukushu (agropastoralists) communities as well as government and non-government stakeholders in Bwabwata National Park in north-east

  • Efficiency of mitigation measures targeting nutrient losses from agricultural drainage systems: A review.
    Ambio (IF 4.778) Pub Date : 2020-06-03
    Mette Vodder Carstensen,Fatemeh Hashemi,Carl Christian Hoffmann,Dominik Zak,Joachim Audet,Brian Kronvang

    Diffusive losses of nitrogen and phosphorus from agricultural areas have detrimental effects on freshwater and marine ecosystems. Mitigation measures treating drainage water before it enters streams hold a high potential for reducing nitrogen and phosphorus losses from agricultural areas. To achieve a better understanding of the opportunities and challenges characterising current and new drainage mitigation

  • Sediment transport under increasing anthropogenic stress: Regime shifts within the Yellow River, China.
    Ambio (IF 4.778) Pub Date : 2020-06-02
    Shuang Song,Shuai Wang,Bojie Fu,Yanxu Liu,Kevin Wang,Yikai Li,Yaping Wang

    Ecosystems respond to climatic and anthropogenic forcings with regime shifts and reorganizations of their system structures. In river basins, changes in sediment transport can have cascading effects that cause ecosystem regime shifts. The Yellow River, once the world’s most sediment-rich river, has experienced dramatic regime shifts. Although recent intervention has returned sediment discharge in the

  • Assessment of semi-natural habitats and landscape features on Irish farmland: New insights to inform EU Common Agricultural Policy implementation.
    Ambio (IF 4.778) Pub Date : 2020-05-29
    Roser Rotchés-Ribalta,Sara Ruas,Karzan D Ahmed,Michael Gormally,James Moran,Jane Stout,Blánaid White,Daire Ó hUallacháin

    Concerns over the loss of biodiversity and ecosystem services in farmland have prompted the development of agri-environment policy measures aimed at reducing farming pressure and maintaining semi-natural habitats in farmed landscapes. However, further knowledge is needed to guarantee successful agri-environment measures implementation. The current study assessed the quantity and the quality of semi-natural

  • Setting maximum levels for lead in game meat in EC regulations: An adjunct to replacement of lead ammunition.
    Ambio (IF 4.778) Pub Date : 2020-05-25
    Vernon G Thomas,Deborah J Pain,Niels Kanstrup,Rhys E Green

    Each year, hunters from 12 of the 27 European Union (EU) countries and the UK shoot over 6 million large game mammals, 12 million rabbits and hares and over 80 million birds. They support an international game meat market worth over 1.1 thousand million Euros. Animals shot with lead ammunition frequently contain lead fragments in the carcass which contaminate meals made from game meat with concentrations

  • Mitigation of eutrophication caused by wastewater discharge: A simulation-based approach.
    Ambio (IF 4.778) Pub Date : 2020-05-25
    Michał Preisner,Elena Neverova-Dziopak,Zbigniew Kowalewski

    Mitigation of eutrophication, intensified by excessive nutrient load discharge in wastewaters regulated by restrictive legal requirements, remains one of today's most important global problems. Despite implementation of the Water Framework Directive, the Urban Wastewater Directive and the HELCOM recommendations, the actual condition of surface water is still not satisfactory. In response to the above

  • Investing in climate change adaptation and mitigation: A methodological review of real-options studies.
    Ambio (IF 4.778) Pub Date : 2020-05-25
    Tsegaye Ginbo,Luca Di Corato,Ruben Hoffmann

    Uncertain future payoffs and irreversible costs characterize investment in climate change adaptation and mitigation. Under these conditions, it is relevant to analyze investment decisions in a real options framework, as this approach takes into account the economic value associated with investment time flexibility. In this paper, we provide an overview of the literature adopting a real option approach

  • Ecosystem restoration in fire-managed savanna woodlands: Effects on biodiversity, local livelihoods and fire intensity.
    Ambio (IF 4.778) Pub Date : 2020-05-25
    Maria Ulrika Johansson,Firew Bekele Abebe,Sileshi Nemomissa,Tamrat Bekele,Kristoffer Hylander

    Ethiopia aims to restore 15 million ha degraded forests and woodlands, but effects on the potentially contrasting goals of long-term carbon storage, biodiversity and sustainable livelihoods are unknown. To quantify the effects of grazing exclusion on vegetation and fire behaviour, we established six 30 × 30 m fenced exclosures with grazed controls, in a mesic wooded savanna. Experimental burns were

  • A schematic sampling protocol for contaminant monitoring in raptors.
    Ambio (IF 4.778) Pub Date : 2020-05-12
    Silvia Espín,Jovan Andevski,Guy Duke,Igor Eulaers,Pilar Gómez-Ramírez,Gunnar Thor Hallgrimsson,Björn Helander,Dorte Herzke,Veerle L B Jaspers,Oliver Krone,Rui Lourenço,Pedro María-Mojica,Emma Martínez-López,Rafael Mateo,Paola Movalli,Pablo Sánchez-Virosta,Richard F Shore,Christian Sonne,Nico W van den Brink,Bert van Hattum,Al Vrezec,Chris Wernham,Antonio J García-Fernández

    Birds of prey, owls and falcons are widely used as sentinel species in raptor biomonitoring programmes. A major current challenge is to facilitate large-scale biomonitoring by coordinating contaminant monitoring activities and by building capacity across countries. This requires sharing, dissemination and adoption of best practices addressed by the Networking Programme Research and Monitoring for and

  • Making ecosystem services approach operational: Experiences from Dhauladhar Range, Western Himalaya.
    Ambio (IF 4.778) Pub Date : 2020-05-08
    Anjali Uniyal,Sanjay Kr Uniyal,Gopal S Rawat

    Payment for ecosystem services (PES) has emerged as a promising tool to participatory natural resource management and sharing of benefits among the stakeholders. However, very few successful models of PES are available for replication. This study deals with an analysis of a PES model currently operational in the Dhauladhar Range, Western Himalaya, where upstream villagers are paid for maintaining the

  • Contribution of women's fisheries substantial, but overlooked, in Timor-Leste.
    Ambio (IF 4.778) Pub Date : 2020-05-08
    Alexander Tilley,Ariadna Burgos,Agustinha Duarte,Joctan Dos Reis Lopes,Hampus Eriksson,David Mills

    A greater understanding of gendered roles in fisheries is necessary to value the often-hidden roles that women play in fisheries and households. We examine women's contributions to household food and income using focus group discussions, market surveys, and landings data in six communities in Timor-Leste. Women were actively fishing more days per month than men. Gleaning was the most frequent activity

  • Transitioning towards human-large carnivore coexistence in extensive grazing systems.
    Ambio (IF 4.778) Pub Date : 2020-05-08
    Louise Boronyak,Brent Jacobs,Arian Wallach

    In light of escalating threats to biodiversity, conflicts between humans and large carnivores in production landscapes must be resolved. We explore how interactions between humans, large carnivores, and livestock can be modified to promote coexistence. We identify four rationales for building coexistence capacities in extensive rangeland livestock production systems: (1) livestock production is a dominant

  • Governing offshore fish aggregating devices in the Eastern Caribbean: Exploring trade-offs using a qualitative network model.
    Ambio (IF 4.778) Pub Date : 2020-05-08
    Jeremy Pittman,Jamie C Tam,Graham Epstein,Cheryl Chan,Derek Armitage

    The use of moored Fish Aggregating Devices (FADs) in small-scale fisheries is a potential solution to food security concerns, economic development needs, and the overexploitation of nearshore coastal fisheries in the Eastern Caribbean. However, moored FADs also generate novel and largely unstudied governance challenges involving (1) the provisioning of FADs, (2) fisheries resource appropriation, (3)

  • Projected land-use changes in the Shared Socioeconomic Pathways: Insights and implications.
    Ambio (IF 4.778) Pub Date : 2020-05-06
    Ronald C Estoque,Makoto Ooba,Takuya Togawa,Yasuaki Hijioka

    The conceptualization of the Shared Socioeconomic Pathways (SSPs) framework represented a major leap in scenario development in the context of global environmental change and sustainability, providing significant advances from the previous scenario frameworks-especially the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) Special Report on Emissions Scenarios. It is highly likely that the SSP concept

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