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  • Living with floating vegetation invasions
    Ambio (IF 4.778) Pub Date : 2020-07-28
    Fritz Kleinschroth, R. Scott Winton, Elisa Calamita, Fabian Niggemann, Martina Botter, Bernhard Wehrli, Jaboury Ghazoul

    Invasions of water bodies by floating vegetation, including water hyacinth (Eichhornia crassipes), are a huge global problem for fisheries, hydropower generation, and transportation. We analyzed floating plant coverage on 20 reservoirs across the world’s tropics and subtropics, using > 30 year time-series of LANDSAT remote-sensing imagery. Despite decades of costly weed control, floating invasion severity

  • Depletion of coastal predatory fish sub-stocks coincided with the largest sea urchin grazing event observed in the NE Atlantic
    Ambio (IF 4.778) Pub Date : 2020-07-27
    Kjell Magnus Norderhaug, Kjell Nedreaas, Mats Huserbråten, Even Moland

    In this contribution, we propose fishery driven predator release as the cause for the largest grazing event ever observed in the NE Atlantic. Based on the evolving appreciation of limits to population connectivity, published and previously unpublished data, we discuss whether overfishing caused a grazer bloom of the sea urchin (Strongylocentrotus droebachiensis) resulting in overgrazing of more than

  • Factors influencing perceptions of aquatic ecosystems
    Ambio (IF 4.778) Pub Date : 2020-07-22
    Joseph Flotemersch, Kelsey Aho

    While factors influencing perceptions of drinking water have been well studied, those of aquatic ecosystems have been to lesser extent. We conducted a review to improve awareness of these factors. Environmental factors found to influence public perceptions of aquatic ecosystems were presence/absence of water plants and algae, presence/absence of floating debris, the odor, movement (for flowing waters)

  • Linking contemporary river restoration to economics, technology, politics, and society: Perspectives from a historical case study of the Po River Basin, Italy
    Ambio (IF 4.778) Pub Date : 2020-07-22
    Fabrizio Frascaroli, Giacomo Parrinello, Meredith Root-Bernstein

    River restoration is a novel paradigm of ‘mirescape’ (land-and-water-scape) management that developed along with the emergence of aquatic ecology. River restoration can be seen as the application of an ecological perspective to return rivers to nature. However, the river restoration paradigm is also the contemporary iteration of historical phases of mirescape management. We review the long and varied

  • Parks under attack: Brazil’s Iguaçu National Park illustrates a global threat to biodiversity
    Ambio (IF 4.778) Pub Date : 2020-07-03
    Victor Mateus Prasniewski, Neucir Szinwelski, Thadeu Sobral-Souza, Angela Marcia Kuczach, Carlos Rodrigo Brocardo, Carlos Frankl Sperber, Philip Martin Fearnside

    National parks are under attack in many parts of the world, including Brazil, which the Convention on Biodiversity ranks as the world’s most biodiverse country. Brazil has been experiencing an unprecedented environmental crisis, and the political situation in the country favors approval of environmentally damaging measures by both the legislative and executive branches of government. A new and largely

  • No evidence of systematic pre-emptive loggings after notifying landowners of their lands' conservation potential.
    Ambio (IF 4.778) Pub Date : 2020-06-23
    Eini Nieminen,Kalle Salovaara,Panu Halme,Janne Sakari Kotiaho

    Landowners can intentionally impair biodiversity values occurring on their land to pre-empt biodiversity protection. This often leads to significant negative effects on biodiversity. We studied whether landowners in Finland engaged in pre-emptive loggings after they were notified that their wooded mires are candidate sites for a mire protection program. After the notification, harvesting rates of the

  • Usage, definition, and measurement of coexistence, tolerance and acceptance in wildlife conservation research in Africa.
    Ambio (IF 4.778) Pub Date : 2020-06-15
    Jillian Knox,Kirstie Ruppert,Beatrice Frank,Carly C Sponarski,Jenny Anne Glikman

    The terms ‘coexistence’, ‘tolerance,’ and ‘acceptance’ appear frequently in conservation literature, but lack consistent characterization, making them difficult to apply across intervention frameworks. This review aims to describe the common characterizations of these three terms using Africa-based research as a case study. Through systematic lexical searches, we identified 392 papers containing one

  • Streamwater responses to reduced nitrogen deposition at four small upland catchments in Norway.
    Ambio (IF 4.778) Pub Date : 2020-06-13
    Øyvind Kaste,Kari Austnes,Heleen A de Wit

    Reduced emissions of nitrogen (N) in Europe have resulted in decreasing atmospheric deposition since 1990. Long-term data (1988–2017) from four small Norwegian catchments located along gradients in N deposition, rainfall, and organic carbon (C) show different responses to 25–30% reductions in N deposition during the same period. At three sites the decreased N deposition caused reduced leaching of nitrate

  • How changing fire management policies affect fire seasonality and livelihoods.
    Ambio (IF 4.778) Pub Date : 2020-06-10
    Glynis Joy Humphrey,Lindsey Gillson,Gina Ziervogel

    There is a long history of fire management in African savannas, but knowledge of historical and current use of fire is scarce in savanna-woodland biomes. This study explores past and present fire management practices and perceptions of the Khwe (former hunter-gatherers) and Mbukushu (agropastoralists) communities as well as government and non-government stakeholders in Bwabwata National Park in north-east

  • Efficiency of mitigation measures targeting nutrient losses from agricultural drainage systems: A review.
    Ambio (IF 4.778) Pub Date : 2020-06-03
    Mette Vodder Carstensen,Fatemeh Hashemi,Carl Christian Hoffmann,Dominik Zak,Joachim Audet,Brian Kronvang

    Diffusive losses of nitrogen and phosphorus from agricultural areas have detrimental effects on freshwater and marine ecosystems. Mitigation measures treating drainage water before it enters streams hold a high potential for reducing nitrogen and phosphorus losses from agricultural areas. To achieve a better understanding of the opportunities and challenges characterising current and new drainage mitigation

  • Sediment transport under increasing anthropogenic stress: Regime shifts within the Yellow River, China.
    Ambio (IF 4.778) Pub Date : 2020-06-02
    Shuang Song,Shuai Wang,Bojie Fu,Yanxu Liu,Kevin Wang,Yikai Li,Yaping Wang

    Ecosystems respond to climatic and anthropogenic forcings with regime shifts and reorganizations of their system structures. In river basins, changes in sediment transport can have cascading effects that cause ecosystem regime shifts. The Yellow River, once the world’s most sediment-rich river, has experienced dramatic regime shifts. Although recent intervention has returned sediment discharge in the

  • Assessment of semi-natural habitats and landscape features on Irish farmland: New insights to inform EU Common Agricultural Policy implementation.
    Ambio (IF 4.778) Pub Date : 2020-05-29
    Roser Rotchés-Ribalta,Sara Ruas,Karzan D Ahmed,Michael Gormally,James Moran,Jane Stout,Blánaid White,Daire Ó hUallacháin

    Concerns over the loss of biodiversity and ecosystem services in farmland have prompted the development of agri-environment policy measures aimed at reducing farming pressure and maintaining semi-natural habitats in farmed landscapes. However, further knowledge is needed to guarantee successful agri-environment measures implementation. The current study assessed the quantity and the quality of semi-natural

  • Setting maximum levels for lead in game meat in EC regulations: An adjunct to replacement of lead ammunition.
    Ambio (IF 4.778) Pub Date : 2020-05-25
    Vernon G Thomas,Deborah J Pain,Niels Kanstrup,Rhys E Green

    Each year, hunters from 12 of the 27 European Union (EU) countries and the UK shoot over 6 million large game mammals, 12 million rabbits and hares and over 80 million birds. They support an international game meat market worth over 1.1 thousand million Euros. Animals shot with lead ammunition frequently contain lead fragments in the carcass which contaminate meals made from game meat with concentrations

  • Mitigation of eutrophication caused by wastewater discharge: A simulation-based approach.
    Ambio (IF 4.778) Pub Date : 2020-05-25
    Michał Preisner,Elena Neverova-Dziopak,Zbigniew Kowalewski

    Mitigation of eutrophication, intensified by excessive nutrient load discharge in wastewaters regulated by restrictive legal requirements, remains one of today's most important global problems. Despite implementation of the Water Framework Directive, the Urban Wastewater Directive and the HELCOM recommendations, the actual condition of surface water is still not satisfactory. In response to the above

  • Investing in climate change adaptation and mitigation: A methodological review of real-options studies.
    Ambio (IF 4.778) Pub Date : 2020-05-25
    Tsegaye Ginbo,Luca Di Corato,Ruben Hoffmann

    Uncertain future payoffs and irreversible costs characterize investment in climate change adaptation and mitigation. Under these conditions, it is relevant to analyze investment decisions in a real options framework, as this approach takes into account the economic value associated with investment time flexibility. In this paper, we provide an overview of the literature adopting a real option approach

  • Ecosystem restoration in fire-managed savanna woodlands: Effects on biodiversity, local livelihoods and fire intensity.
    Ambio (IF 4.778) Pub Date : 2020-05-25
    Maria Ulrika Johansson,Firew Bekele Abebe,Sileshi Nemomissa,Tamrat Bekele,Kristoffer Hylander

    Ethiopia aims to restore 15 million ha degraded forests and woodlands, but effects on the potentially contrasting goals of long-term carbon storage, biodiversity and sustainable livelihoods are unknown. To quantify the effects of grazing exclusion on vegetation and fire behaviour, we established six 30 × 30 m fenced exclosures with grazed controls, in a mesic wooded savanna. Experimental burns were

  • A schematic sampling protocol for contaminant monitoring in raptors.
    Ambio (IF 4.778) Pub Date : 2020-05-12
    Silvia Espín,Jovan Andevski,Guy Duke,Igor Eulaers,Pilar Gómez-Ramírez,Gunnar Thor Hallgrimsson,Björn Helander,Dorte Herzke,Veerle L B Jaspers,Oliver Krone,Rui Lourenço,Pedro María-Mojica,Emma Martínez-López,Rafael Mateo,Paola Movalli,Pablo Sánchez-Virosta,Richard F Shore,Christian Sonne,Nico W van den Brink,Bert van Hattum,Al Vrezec,Chris Wernham,Antonio J García-Fernández

    Birds of prey, owls and falcons are widely used as sentinel species in raptor biomonitoring programmes. A major current challenge is to facilitate large-scale biomonitoring by coordinating contaminant monitoring activities and by building capacity across countries. This requires sharing, dissemination and adoption of best practices addressed by the Networking Programme Research and Monitoring for and

  • Making ecosystem services approach operational: Experiences from Dhauladhar Range, Western Himalaya.
    Ambio (IF 4.778) Pub Date : 2020-05-08
    Anjali Uniyal,Sanjay Kr Uniyal,Gopal S Rawat

    Payment for ecosystem services (PES) has emerged as a promising tool to participatory natural resource management and sharing of benefits among the stakeholders. However, very few successful models of PES are available for replication. This study deals with an analysis of a PES model currently operational in the Dhauladhar Range, Western Himalaya, where upstream villagers are paid for maintaining the

  • Contribution of women's fisheries substantial, but overlooked, in Timor-Leste.
    Ambio (IF 4.778) Pub Date : 2020-05-08
    Alexander Tilley,Ariadna Burgos,Agustinha Duarte,Joctan Dos Reis Lopes,Hampus Eriksson,David Mills

    A greater understanding of gendered roles in fisheries is necessary to value the often-hidden roles that women play in fisheries and households. We examine women's contributions to household food and income using focus group discussions, market surveys, and landings data in six communities in Timor-Leste. Women were actively fishing more days per month than men. Gleaning was the most frequent activity

  • Transitioning towards human-large carnivore coexistence in extensive grazing systems.
    Ambio (IF 4.778) Pub Date : 2020-05-08
    Louise Boronyak,Brent Jacobs,Arian Wallach

    In light of escalating threats to biodiversity, conflicts between humans and large carnivores in production landscapes must be resolved. We explore how interactions between humans, large carnivores, and livestock can be modified to promote coexistence. We identify four rationales for building coexistence capacities in extensive rangeland livestock production systems: (1) livestock production is a dominant

  • Governing offshore fish aggregating devices in the Eastern Caribbean: Exploring trade-offs using a qualitative network model.
    Ambio (IF 4.778) Pub Date : 2020-05-08
    Jeremy Pittman,Jamie C Tam,Graham Epstein,Cheryl Chan,Derek Armitage

    The use of moored Fish Aggregating Devices (FADs) in small-scale fisheries is a potential solution to food security concerns, economic development needs, and the overexploitation of nearshore coastal fisheries in the Eastern Caribbean. However, moored FADs also generate novel and largely unstudied governance challenges involving (1) the provisioning of FADs, (2) fisheries resource appropriation, (3)

  • Projected land-use changes in the Shared Socioeconomic Pathways: Insights and implications.
    Ambio (IF 4.778) Pub Date : 2020-05-06
    Ronald C Estoque,Makoto Ooba,Takuya Togawa,Yasuaki Hijioka

    The conceptualization of the Shared Socioeconomic Pathways (SSPs) framework represented a major leap in scenario development in the context of global environmental change and sustainability, providing significant advances from the previous scenario frameworks-especially the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) Special Report on Emissions Scenarios. It is highly likely that the SSP concept

  • The loss of an indigenous constructed landscape following British invasion of Australia: An insight into the deep human imprint on the Australian landscape.
    Ambio (IF 4.778) Pub Date : 2020-05-06
    Michael-Shawn Fletcher,Tegan Hall,Andreas Nicholas Alexandra

    Indigenous people play an integral role in shaping natural environments, and the disruption to Indigenous land management practices has profound effects on the biosphere. Here, we use pollen, charcoal and dendrochronological analyses to demonstrate that the Australian landscape at the time of British invasion in the 18th century was a heavily constructed one-the product of millennia of active maintenance

  • Achieving biodiversity net gain in a neoliberal economy: The case of England.
    Ambio (IF 4.778) Pub Date : 2020-04-24
    Stephen Knight-Lenihan

    The United Kingdom Government intends to require land development in England to contribute to improving biodiversity values. The basis for this, the offsetting of impacts on biodiversity, stems from and reinforces a neoliberal economic approach, fits with the privatising of conservation, and at a landscape level may improve biodiversity values. However, challenging decision-makers is the current lack

  • Why bees are critical for achieving sustainable development.
    Ambio (IF 4.778) Pub Date : 2020-04-20
    Vidushi Patel,Natasha Pauli,Eloise Biggs,Liz Barbour,Bryan Boruff

    Reductions in global bee populations are threatening the pollination benefits to both the planet and people. Whilst the contribution of bee pollination in promoting sustainable development goals through food security and biodiversity is widely acknowledged, a range of other benefits provided by bees has yet to be fully recognised. We explore the contributions of bees towards achieving the United Nation's

  • Nitrogen fixation estimates for the Baltic Sea indicate high rates for the previously overlooked Bothnian Sea.
    Ambio (IF 4.778) Pub Date : 2020-04-20
    Malin Olofsson,Isabell Klawonn,Bengt Karlson

    Dense blooms of diazotrophic filamentous cyanobacteria are formed every summer in the Baltic Sea. We estimated their contribution to nitrogen fixation by combining two decades of cyanobacterial biovolume monitoring data with recently measured genera-specific nitrogen fixation rates. In the Bothnian Sea, estimated nitrogen fixation rates were 80 kt N year-1, which has doubled during recent decades and

  • A scoping review into the impact of animal imagery on pro-environmental outcomes.
    Ambio (IF 4.778) Pub Date : 2019-10-25
    Laura Thomas-Walters,Claire McNulty,Diogo Veríssimo

    With the recognition that most global environmental problems are a result of human actions, there is an increasing interest in approaches which have the potential to influence human behaviour. Images have a powerful role in shaping persuasive messages, yet research on the impacts of visual representations of nature is a neglected area in biodiversity conservation. We systematically screened existing

  • Identifying the powers, players, and emotions associated with REDD+ implementation: The case of Guyana's LCDS.
    Ambio (IF 4.778) Pub Date : 2019-10-12
    Anthony R Cummings,Sarah K Martin

    REDD+ remains a critical tool for dealing with increasing levels of atmospheric carbon dioxide. Like other global-level initiatives, REDD+ has strong supporters and critics. Despite the division over its merits, little has been done to understand how a national-level audience responds to the program's arrival in a partner country and which players drive a program's implementation. Here we coded the

  • Refugees, water balance, and water stress: Lessons learned from Lebanon.
    Ambio (IF 4.778) Pub Date : 2019-11-02
    Hadi Jaafar,Farah Ahmad,Lauren Holtmeier,Caroline King-Okumu

    The Syrian crisis caused a massive influx of displaced people into neighboring countries, with Lebanon hosting the highest per capita number of refugees (3:10). Water remains the most critical natural resource that influences the resilience of host and refugee communities. We provide a new GIS-based updated water balance and water scarcity analysis at the national and the watershed level in Lebanon

  • Culling recolonizing mesopredators increases livestock losses: Evidence from the South African Karoo.
    Ambio (IF 4.778) Pub Date : 2019-11-02
    Nicoli Nattrass,Beatrice Conradie,Jed Stephens,Marine Drouilly

    Populations of adaptable mesopredators are expanding globally where passive rewilding and natural recolonization are taking place, increasing the risk of conflict with remaining livestock farmers. We analysed data from two social surveys of farmers in the Karoo, South Africa, where black-backed jackals (Canis mesomelas) and caracals (Caracal caracal) have re-emerged as a threat to sheep farms in the

  • Improving dialogue among researchers, local and indigenous peoples and decision-makers to address issues of climate change in the North.
    Ambio (IF 4.778) Pub Date : 2019-11-12
    Terry V Callaghan,Olga Kulikova,Lidia Rakhmanova,Elmer Topp-Jørgensen,Niklas Labba,Lars-Anders Kuhmanen,Sergey Kirpotin,Olga Shaduyko,Henry Burgess,Arja Rautio,Ruth S Hindshaw,Leonid L Golubyatnikov,Gareth J Marshall,Andrey Lobanov,Andrey Soromotin,Alexander Sokolov,Natalia Sokolova,Praskovia Filant,Margareta Johansson

    The Circumpolar North has been changing rapidly within the last decades, and the socioeconomic systems of the Eurasian Arctic and Siberia in particular have displayed the most dramatic changes. Here, anthropogenic drivers of environmental change such as migration and industrialization are added to climate-induced changes in the natural environment such as permafrost thawing and increased frequency

  • Using social media images to assess ecosystem services in a remote protected area in the Argentinean Andes.
    Ambio (IF 4.778) Pub Date : 2019-10-12
    Sebastian Dario Rossi,Agustina Barros,Chelsey Walden-Schreiner,Catherine Pickering

    Social media images are a novel source of data to assess how people view and value the environment. Access to these images is often free, the volume and spread of images is expanding rapidly and hence they are an increasingly valuable source of data complementing and expanding on other data. Recently, coding images has been used to assess sociocultural values relating to ecosystem services including

  • Factors regulating the coastal nutrient filter in the Baltic Sea.
    Ambio (IF 4.778) Pub Date : 2019-11-09
    Jacob Carstensen,Daniel J Conley,Elin Almroth-Rosell,Eero Asmala,Erik Bonsdorff,Vivi Fleming-Lehtinen,Bo G Gustafsson,Camilla Gustafsson,Anna-Stiina Heiskanen,Urzsula Janas,Alf Norkko,Caroline Slomp,Anna Villnäs,Maren Voss,Mindaugas Zilius

    The coastal zone of the Baltic Sea is diverse with strong regional differences in the physico-chemical setting. This diversity is also reflected in the importance of different biogeochemical processes altering nutrient and organic matter fluxes on the passage from land to sea. This review investigates the most important processes for removal of nutrients and organic matter, and the factors that regulate

  • A framework for evaluating biodiversity mitigation metrics.
    Ambio (IF 4.778) Pub Date : 2019-10-12
    Kevin Bracy Knight,Emily S Seddon,Theodore P Toombs

    Biodiversity mitigation is a cornerstone of applied conservation. Mitigation encompasses a suite of practices, ranging from planned avoidance of impacts to creation of new natural habitats. Accurate and appropriate metrics quantifying impacts to natural systems and the effectiveness of restoration are necessary to measure the success of different mitigation strategies. Because effective mitigation

  • Horizon scanning for South African biodiversity: A need for social engagement as well as science.
    Ambio (IF 4.778) Pub Date : 2019-09-28
    Colleen L Seymour,Lindsey Gillson,Matthew F Child,Krystal A Tolley,Jock C Curie,Jessica M da Silva,Graham J Alexander,Pippin Anderson,Colleen T Downs,Benis N Egoh,David A Ehlers Smith,Yvette C Ehlers Smith,Karen J Esler,Patrick J O'Farrell,Andrew L Skowno,Essa Suleman,Ruan Veldtman

    A horizon scan was conducted to identify emerging and intensifying issues for biodiversity conservation in South Africa over the next 5-10 years. South African biodiversity experts submitted 63 issues of which ten were identified as priorities using the Delphi method. These priority issues were then plotted along axes of social agreement and scientific certainty, to ascertain whether issues might be

  • Correction to: Keeping pace with forestry: Multi-scale conservation in a changing production forest matrix.
    Ambio (IF 4.778) Pub Date : 2019-11-16
    Adam Felton,Therese Löfroth,Per Angelstam,Lena Gustafsson,Joakim Hjältén,Annika M Felton,Per Simonsson,Anders Dahlberg,Matts Lindbladh,Johan Svensson,Urban Nilsson,Isak Lodin,P O Hedwall,Anna Sténs,Tomas Lämås,Jörg Brunet,Christer Kalén,Bengt Kriström,Pelle Gemmel,Thomas Ranius

    In the original published article, the sentence "Nevertheless, semi-natural forest remnants continue to be harvested and fragmented (Svensson et al. 2018; Jonsson et al. 2019), and over 2000 forest-associated species (of 15 000 assessed) are listed as threatened on Sweden's red-list, largely represented by macro-fungi, beetles, lichens and butterflies (Sandström 2015)."under the section Introduction

  • Keeping pace with forestry: Multi-scale conservation in a changing production forest matrix.
    Ambio (IF 4.778) Pub Date : 2019-09-16
    Adam Felton,Therese Löfroth,Per Angelstam,Lena Gustafsson,Joakim Hjältén,Annika M Felton,Per Simonsson,Anders Dahlberg,Matts Lindbladh,Johan Svensson,Urban Nilsson,Isak Lodin,P O Hedwall,Anna Sténs,Tomas Lämås,Jörg Brunet,Christer Kalén,Bengt Kriström,Pelle Gemmel,Thomas Ranius

    The multi-scale approach to conserving forest biodiversity has been used in Sweden since the 1980s, a period defined by increased reserve area and conservation actions within production forests. However, two thousand forest-associated species remain on Sweden's red-list, and Sweden's 2020 goals for sustainable forests are not being met. We argue that ongoing changes in the production forest matrix

  • Towards resolving the phosphorus chaos created by food systems.
    Ambio (IF 4.778) Pub Date : 2019-09-21
    Paul J A Withers,Kirsty G Forber,Christopher Lyon,Shane Rothwell,Donnacha G Doody,Helen P Jarvie,Julia Martin-Ortega,Brent Jacobs,Dana Cordell,Myles Patton,Miller A Camargo-Valero,Rachel Cassidy

    The chaotic distribution and dispersal of phosphorus (P) used in food systems (defined here as disorderly disruptions to the P cycle) is harming our environment beyond acceptable limits. An analysis of P stores and flows across Europe in 2005 showed that high fertiliser P inputs relative to productive outputs was driving low system P efficiency (38 % overall). Regional P imbalance (P surplus) and system

  • A review of critical perspectives on private land conservation in academic literature.
    Ambio (IF 4.778) Pub Date : 2019-10-12
    Jennifer Gooden,Michael 't Sas-Rolfes

    In recent years, private land conservation has increased in profile among policymakers and academics. Conservation initiatives on privately owned land help to mitigate global biodiversity loss and introduce new actors to conservation. However, they have also been the subject of numerous critical accounts. This review catalogs issues that emerge in critical literature, identifying 25 themes, classified

  • Mind the gap: Coping with delay in environmental governance.
    Ambio (IF 4.778) Pub Date : 2019-09-30
    Mikael Karlsson,Michael Gilek

    Gaps between public policy goals and the state of the environment are often significant. However, while goal failures in environmental governance are studied in a number of disciplines, the knowledge on the various causes behind delayed goal achievement is still incomplete. In this article we propose a new framework for analysis of delay mechanisms in science and policy, with the intention to provide

  • Understanding conservation conflicts associated with rodent outbreaks in farmland areas.
    Ambio (IF 4.778) Pub Date : 2019-09-21
    Valentin Lauret,Miguel Delibes-Mateos,François Mougeot,Beatriz Arroyo-Lopez

    Rodent outbreaks affect many farmland areas worldwide and the negative environmental impacts of control campaigns cause intense social tensions. In such conservation conflicts, understanding stakeholders' viewpoints is critical to promote ecologically sustainable management. We used Q-methodology, a framework standing between qualitative and quantitative social research, to investigate human subjectivity

  • Predicting the effects of eutrophication mitigation on predatory fish biomass and the value of recreational fisheries.
    Ambio (IF 4.778) Pub Date : 2019-10-09
    Göran Sundblad,Lena Bergström,Tore Söderqvist,Ulf Bergström

    Improving water clarity is a core objective for eutrophication management in the Baltic Sea, but may influence fisheries via effects on fish habitat suitability. We apply an ensemble of species distribution models coupled with habitat productivity functions and willingness-to-pay estimates to assess these effects for two coastal predatory fish species, European perch (Perca fluviatilis) and pikeperch

  • Decline and diversity in Swedish seas: Environmental narratives in marine history, science and policy.
    Ambio (IF 4.778) Pub Date : 2019-09-13
    Susanna Lidström,Sverker Sörlin,Henrik Svedäng

    Before the mid-twentieth century, there was no comprehensive narrative about empirical conditions in Swedish seas. Around 1970, this view changed profoundly. In line with growing research and the emergence of 'the environment' as a defining concept, conditions in Swedish seas were framed as a 'narrative of decline'. Marine scientists have since recorded more diverse developments than are described

  • The tree species matters: Biodiversity and ecosystem service implications of replacing Scots pine production stands with Norway spruce.
    Ambio (IF 4.778) Pub Date : 2019-09-24
    Adam Felton,Lisa Petersson,Oscar Nilsson,Johanna Witzell,Michelle Cleary,Annika M Felton,Christer Björkman,Åsa Ode Sang,Mats Jonsell,Emma Holmström,Urban Nilsson,Jonas Rönnberg,Christer Kalén,Matts Lindbladh

    The choice of tree species used in production forests matters for biodiversity and ecosystem services. In Sweden, damage to young production forests by large browsing herbivores is helping to drive a development where sites traditionally regenerated with Scots pine (Pinus sylvestris) are instead being regenerated with Norway spruce (Picea abies). We provide a condensed synthesis of the available evidence

  • Distant regions underpin interregional flows of cultural ecosystem services provided by birds and mammals.
    Ambio (IF 4.778) Pub Date : 2019-09-24
    Matthias Schröter,Roland Kraemer,Roy P Remme,Alexander P E van Oudenhoven

    Ecosystem service assessments rarely consider flows between distant regions. Hence, telecoupling effects such as conservation burdens in distant ecosystems are ignored. We identified service-providing species for two cultural ecosystem services (existence and bequest, and birdwatching) and two receiving, i.e. benefitting, regions (Germany, the Netherlands). We delineated and analysed sending, i.e.

  • Prioritizing mangrove conservation across Mexico to facilitate 2020 NDC ambition
    Ambio (IF 4.778) Pub Date : 2020-04-11
    Joy A. Kumagai, Matthew T. Costa, Exequiel Ezcurra, Octavio Aburto-Oropeza

    There is a scale mismatch between mangrove conservation and carbon emission mitigation policies despite mangroves contributing disproportionally to global carbon sequestration. Using Mexico as a case study in the integration of these scales, we estimate mangrove carbon value and deforestation rates at the municipio (local government) scale and develop a prioritization model that indicates where to

  • Conservation paradox: Large-scale mining waste in protected areas in two global hotspots, southeastern Brazil
    Ambio (IF 4.778) Pub Date : 2020-03-16
    Luciana Hiromi Yoshino Kamino, Eric Oliveira Pereira, Flávio Fonseca do Carmo

    Irreversible losses of natural areas and damage to ecosystem services are caused by large-scale mining. These effects are prominent in Minas Gerais, which is home to a mining industry with hundreds of tailings dams concentrated in global hotspots: the Cerrado and the Atlantic Forest. We present an overview of the spatial overlap between protected areas (PAs), priority conservation areas (PCAs), tailings

  • Is human–rhesus macaque ( Macaca mulatta ) conflict in India a case of human–human conflict?
    Ambio (IF 4.778) Pub Date : 2020-03-16
    Shaurabh Anand, Sindhu Radhakrishna

    The perceptions of wildlife managers regarding human–wildlife conflict (HWC) scenarios are likely to affect the outcomes of conflict mitigation measures. We studied the attitudes and perceptions of forest department personnel regarding the management of human–rhesus macaque conflict (HRMC) in Himachal Pradesh, northern India. We collected data through a questionnaire survey and used frameworks from

  • Towards a relational paradigm in sustainability research, practice, and education.
    Ambio (IF 4.778) Pub Date : 2020-02-28
    Zack Walsh,Jessica Böhme,Christine Wamsler

    Relational thinking has recently gained increasing prominence across academic disciplines in an attempt to understand complex phenomena in terms of constitutive processes and relations. Interdisciplinary fields of study, such as science and technology studies (STS), the environmental humanities, and the posthumanities, for example, have started to reformulate academic understanding of nature-cultures

  • An interdisciplinary assessment of private conservation areas in the Western United States.
    Ambio (IF 4.778) Pub Date : 2020-02-21
    Cristina Quintas-Soriano,Dainee M Gibson,Jodi S Brandt,María D López-Rodríguez,Javier Cabello,Pedro A Aguilera,Antonio J Castro

    Conservation easements are the fastest growing private conservation strategy in the United States. However, mechanisms to assess private land conservation as well as their support by the general public are not well understood. This study uses the ecosystem services framework for assessing existing private lands in Idaho and identifies areas for future conservation easements. Using conservation targets

  • Tacit working models of human behavioural change II: Farmers' folk theories of conservation programme design.
    Ambio (IF 4.778) Pub Date : 2020-02-14
    M Root-Bernstein,A Bondoux,M Guerrero-Gatica,F Zorondo-Rodriguez

    Community involvement may be essential for conservation programme success. We focus on farmers, asking how and why they believe conservation interventions will work, or not. Here we test models of folk theories of the human motivational factors required for behaviour change, in 3 rural central Chilean communities. We hypothesize that different models will be supported by farmers with different experiences

  • Tacit working models of human behavioural change I: Implementation of conservation projects.
    Ambio (IF 4.778) Pub Date : 2020-02-14
    Meredith Root-Bernstein

    The “human dimension” of conservation is increasingly recognised as critical for success. Most conservation research involving people is based not on explicit “theories of change”, but tacit local knowledge or folk theories guiding programme design.In this study, I propose a schematization of the local socioecological knowledge and folk theories about the “human dimension” of conservation into tacit

  • Scientists' warning to humanity on the freshwater biodiversity crisis.
    Ambio (IF 4.778) Pub Date : 2020-02-10
    James S Albert,Georgia Destouni,Scott M Duke-Sylvester,Anne E Magurran,Thierry Oberdorff,Roberto E Reis,Kirk O Winemiller,William J Ripple

    Freshwater ecosystems provide irreplaceable services for both nature and society. The quality and quantity of freshwater affect biogeochemical processes and ecological dynamics that determine biodiversity, ecosystem productivity, and human health and welfare at local, regional and global scales. Freshwater ecosystems and their associated riparian habitats are amongst the most biologically diverse on

  • Knowledge gaps and management recommendations for future paths of sustainable seaweed farming in the Western Indian Ocean.
    Ambio (IF 4.778) Pub Date : 2020-01-29
    Maria Eggertsen,Christina Halling

    Farming of eucheumatoid seaweeds is a widespread, promising activity and an important livelihood option in many tropical coastal areas as for example in East Africa, Western Indian Ocean (WIO). Compared to other types of aquaculture, seaweed farming has generally low impact on the environment. Nonetheless, there are potential direct or indirect negative effects of seaweed farming, such as introduction

  • Damming Amazon Rivers: Environmental impacts of hydroelectric dams on Brazil's Madeira River according to local fishers' perception.
    Ambio (IF 4.778) Pub Date : 2020-01-29
    Rangel Eduardo Santos,Ricardo Motta Pinto-Coelho,Maria Auxiliadora Drumond,Rogério Fonseca,Fabrício Berton Zanchi

    This study aimed to investigate the environmental impacts generated by the hydroelectric complex in the Madeira River, Brazilian Amazon, based on the perceptions of local fishers and fishery database, it focus attention on three main impacts: (i) on local fishery stocks; (ii) in fish fauna and (iii) on the aquatic ecosystems. The local fishers were selected through the “snowball” approach for the application

  • How dietary transition changed land use in Mexico.
    Ambio (IF 4.778) Pub Date : 2020-01-28
    José Tello,Pedro P Garcillán,Exequiel Ezcurra

    The nutrition transition towards western diets in developing countries occurs at multiple levels, impacting health and society and also the environment. In Mexico, the shift in food consumption and production patterns, particularly in relation to animal source foods (ASF), has changed land use. We studied the consumption and production of ASF and change in agricultural land use in Mexico during the

  • Sea-level rise projections for Sweden based on the new IPCC special report: The ocean and cryosphere in a changing climate.
    Ambio (IF 4.778) Pub Date : 2020-01-28
    Magnus Hieronymus,Ola Kalén

    New sea-level rise projections for Sweden are presented. Compared to earlier projections, we have here, more carefully, taken regional variations in sea-level rise into consideration. The better treatment of regional variations leads to lower sea-level rise projections for Sweden. However, recent research has also shown that Antarctic ice loss, in high emission scenarios, could be greater than what

  • Refining national greenhouse gas inventories.
    Ambio (IF 4.778) Pub Date : 2020-01-24
    Leehi Yona,Benjamin Cashore,Robert B Jackson,Jean Ometto,Mark A Bradford

    The importance of greenhouse gas inventories cannot be overstated: the process of producing inventories informs strategies that governments will use to meet emissions reduction targets. The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) leads an effort to develop and refine internationally agreed upon methodologies for calculating and reporting greenhouse gas emissions and removals. We argue that

  • China's ecological conservation redline: A solution for future nature conservation.
    Ambio (IF 4.778) Pub Date : 2020-01-22
    Jixi Gao,Yan Wang,Changxin Zou,Delin Xu,Naifeng Lin,Lixia Wang,Kun Zhang

    Globally, continuing environmental degradation is leading many countries to strengthen their systems of protected areas. However, this may not be sufficient to halt degradation and conserve biodiversity and ecosystem services. To supplement its growing system of protected areas, the Chinese government is adopting a strategy of Ecological Conservation Redlines (ECRs). The ECRs define limits to human

  • Correction to: Status and trends of circumpolar peregrine falcon and gyrfalcon populations.
    Ambio (IF 4.778) Pub Date : 2020-01-21
    Alastair Franke,Knud Falk,Kevin Hawkshaw,Skip Ambrose,David L Anderson,Peter J Bente,Travis Booms,Kurt K Burnham,Suzanne Carrière,Johan Ekenstedt,Ivan Fufachev,Sergey Ganusevich,Kenneth Johansen,Jeff A Johnson,Sergey Kharitonov,Pertti Koskimies,Olga Kulikova,Peter Lindberg,Berth-Ove Lindström,William G Mattox,Carol L McIntyre,Svetlana Mechnikova,Dave Mossop,Søren Møller,Ólafur K Nielsen,Tuomo Ollila

    While collating contributions and comments from 36 researchers, the coordinating authors accidentally omitted Dr. Suzanne Carrière from the list of contributing co-authors. Dr. Carrière's data are described in Tables 1 and 3, Figure 2 and several places in the narrative.The new author list is thus updated in this article.

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