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  • Morphometric Assessment of Golden Mahseer Populations in the Ganga River Basin, India
    Fisheries (IF 2.701) Pub Date : 2020-11-27
    Arvind Kumar Dwivedi

    River fragmentation has adverse effects on fish populations due to restricted migratory pattern resulting in risk of population extinction. It has been hypothesized that river fragmentation has led to changes in fish population structure. To test the hypothesis, 149 individuals of Golden Mahseer Tor putitora were collected from seven locations including the Ganga River and upstream and downstream of

  • Open Educational Resource Exercises for Fisheries Classes
    Fisheries (IF 2.701) Pub Date : 2020-09-28
    Gary D. Grossman; Bryan B. Bozeman; Ridge W. Sliger; Troy N. Simon; George I. Matsumoto

    Open Educational Resources (OERs) represent any form of educational resource that is available free of charge. Few OERs exist for courses in fisheries or other life science courses, and the onset of the COVID‐19 epidemic only exacerbates the need for such resources. To rectify this shortcoming, we build on earlier work (Grossman and Chernoff 2018) and present four OERs designed for fisheries classes

  • The Postponed AFS 150th Celebration – The Best Is Yet To Come
    Fisheries (IF 2.701) Pub Date : 2020-11-20
    Douglas Austen

    It should have been one stupendous 150th celebration in Columbus, Ohio, this past August, but we all know what happened. For only the second time in AFS history, our in‐person annual meeting was cancelled (the other time being World War 2). While we were fortunate enough to host a Virtual Annual Meeting, the events celebrating the 150th in Columbus were postponed to the 2021 Annual Meeting in Baltimore

  • Why We Advocate
    Fisheries (IF 2.701) Pub Date : 2020-11-20
    Brian R. Murphy

    2020 has certainly been a tumultuous year for those of us in the United States, and this tumult has had effects on the entire world. The year started with the global and still growing coronavirus pandemic, and continued though controversial shootings by police in the United States and related global protests for racial justice, a number of controversial changes in U.S. environmental regulations, and

  • Perceived Ecological Threats and Economic Benefits of Non‐native Black Bass in the United States
    Fisheries (IF 2.701) Pub Date : 2020-11-20
    Lauren Seguy; James M. Long

    Black bass Micropterus spp. are highly sought‐after sport fish and, where introduced, are emblematic of the tradeoffs between ensuring productive fisheries and conserving native biodiversity. To disentangle these potentially conflicting interests, we administered a survey of fisheries biologists in the United States to assess perceptions regarding ecological and economic impacts of non‐native black

  • Standardized Broad‐Scale Management and Monitoring of Inland Lake Recreational Fisheries: An Overview of the Ontario Experience
    Fisheries (IF 2.701) Pub Date : 2020-10-05
    Nigel P. Lester; Steve Sandstrom; Derrick T. de Kerckhove; Kim Armstrong; Helen Ball; Jeff Amos; Tal Dunkley; Mike Rawson; Peter Addison; Alan Dextrase; Dan Taillon; Blair Wasylenko; Preston Lennox; Henrique Corrêa Giacomini; Cindy Chu

    There are ~250,000 lakes in Ontario that support important cultural, recreational, and economic fisheries. In 2005, the Ontario Ministry of Natural Resources and Forestry adopted the Ecological Framework for Recreational Fisheries Management to tackle the heterogeneity of lake resources and angler mobility across the landscape, increase public participation in fisheries management, and streamline an

  • From Amazon Catfish to Mekong Money Fish: Size‐Based Assessment of Data‐Limited Commercial Inland Fisheries
    Fisheries (IF 2.701) Pub Date : 2020-11-11
    Samuel Shephard; John Valbo‐Jorgensen; Jorge Abadía; Claudio Baigún; Carolina R.C. Doria; Nidia N. Fabré; Victoria J. Isaac; Peng Bun Ngor; Mauro L. Ruffino; Simon Funge‐Smith

    Inland fisheries are often complex, spatially dispersed and seasonal. A lack of monitoring can result in unreliable or incomplete catch data, suggesting a role for assessment methods based on population size structure. This paper evaluates and compares empirical size‐based indicators and the length‐based spawning potential ratio model as candidate tools for assessing data‐limited commercial fisheries

  • IN MEMORIAM Donald James Noakes November 22, 1954 – October 19, 2020
    Fisheries (IF 2.701) Pub Date : 2020-11-05
    Dick Beamish

    Many readers will know Don Noakes as the founding editor of Marine and Coastal Fisheries. Our fisheries science and management community lost Don on October 19, 2020 from complications associated with spinal cancer. He was only 65 years old and just retired in 2019. Don was proud to have graduated from the University of Waterloo as an engineer with expertise in applied time series modelling. He was

  • Using opportunistic datasets to infer spatial management strategies of local fisheries in the U.S. Caribbean region
    Fisheries (IF 2.701) Pub Date : 2020-10-28
    Orian E. Tzadik; William S. Arnold; Mallory Brooks; Juan Jose Cruz‐Motta; Graciela Garcia‐Moliner; Maria del Mar Lopez; Tauna L. Rankin; Alexis M. Sabine; Sarah P. Stephenson

    As an initial step towards the implementation of an ecosystem‐based approach to management, the Caribbean Fishery Management Council has recently ratified three island‐based fishery management plans that will supplant the existing regional plans. The newly formed management plans account for nuances among the island platforms in the U.S. Caribbean, including ecological, cultural, and social considerations

  • Yes, Even Scientists Can Be Biased
    Fisheries (IF 2.701) Pub Date : 2020-10-23
    Brian R. Murphy

    Nobody would argue with the premise that the human brain is a wonder of biological engineering. It composes only 2% of our body weight, but consumes around 20% of our oxygen supply, blood flow, and energy. Some 100 billion neurons can process 11 million bits of information per second. But our conscious processing only can handle around 50 bits per second, so most of what our brain is doing is invisible

  • Can You Fish in a Pandemic? An Overview of Recreational Fishing Management Policies in North America During the COVID‐19 Crisis
    Fisheries (IF 2.701) Pub Date : 2020-10-23
    Yves Paradis; Simon Bernatchez; Dominique Lapointe; Steven J. Cooke

    Facing challenges of the COVID‐19 pandemic, government agencies had to quickly react and provide guidelines for outdoor activities such as recreational fishing. Here we review information provided by provincial and state natural resource management agencies in North America during the March–April 2020 period to collate freshwater fishing regulations implemented during the pandemic. Among the 63 jurisdictions

  • The Hutton Junior Fisheries Biology Program: A Look into the 2020 Class of Hutton Scholars
    Fisheries (IF 2.701) Pub Date : 2020-10-17
    Mary Webb Banning

    The 2020 Hutton Junior Fisheries Biology Program marked not only the 20th summer that the American Fisheries Society has been offering summer internship placements for high school students, but an opportunity for 11 students to still participate in their Hutton internships, despite the global pandemic. The Hutton Program is a paid internship program sponsored by the American Fisheries Society and its

  • The 100‐Watt Method: A Protocol for Backpack Electrofishing in Small Streams
    Fisheries (IF 2.701) Pub Date : 2020-10-06
    Kevin A. Meyer; Luciano V. Chiaramonte; James B. Reynolds

    We present a 100‐Watt protocol for backpack electrofishing to capture salmonids in small streams. The protocol requires that electrofisher settings produce ~ 100 W of average power output. Since 2000, the protocol has been used in Idaho streams ranging in ambient conductivity from ~ 20–1,000 µS/cm and water temperatures from ~ 0–28°C, and results in satisfactory capture efficiency and desired fish

  • A Best Practices Case Study for Scientific Collaboration between Researchers and Managers
    Fisheries (IF 2.701) Pub Date : 2020-10-04
    Tammy J. Newcomb; Paul W. Simonin; Felix A. Martinez; W. Lindsay Chadderton; Jon M. Bossenbroek; Becky Cudmore; Michael H. Hoff; Reuben P. Keller; Berkley D. Ridenhour; John D. Rothlisberger; Edward S. Rutherford; Scott Van Egeren; David M. Lodge

    Effective engagement among scientists, government agency staff, and policymakers is necessary for solving fisheries challenges, but remains challenging for a variety of reasons. We present seven practices learned from a collaborative project focused on invasive species in the Great Lakes region (USA‐CAN). These practices were based on a researcher–manager model composed of a research team, a management

  • Speciation in Cisco, with Emphasis on Secondary Contacts, Plasticity, and Hybridization
    Fisheries (IF 2.701) Pub Date : 2020-10-01
    Laura Hendee

    The Cisco Coregonus artedi is a planktivorous fish that is widely distributed in lakes across glaciated areas of North America. With retreat of Laurentide ice, Cisco dispersed from refugia into a vast network of meltwater (proglacial) lakes that eventually receded, stranding populations in depressions—today’s lakes. Refugial populations also colonized lakes that fell outside of the footprint of a proglacial

  • From Johnny Fish‐Seed to Hatchery‐Bashing to Shaping the Shoal of Aquaculture Stakeholders
    Fisheries (IF 2.701) Pub Date : 2020-08-05
    Jesse T. Trushenski; James D. Bowker; Gary E. Whelan; Jeff A. Heindel

    The American Fisheries Society (AFS) was founded during the early days of North American fish propagation, when pioneering fish culturists first began to coax food and fishing opportunities from pails of eggs and wriggling fry. In the absence of effective regulations and the will to enforce measures to prevent overfishing and habitat loss, fisheries professionals looked to hatcheries to fully address

  • In Memoriam: Robb F. Leary
    Fisheries (IF 2.701) Pub Date : 2020-09-28
    Bradley B. Shepard

    Robb Francis Leary of Missoula, Montana passed on to that great fishing ground in the sky on Monday, July 27, 2020 after a long battle with several health issues. Robb was born on April 11, 1955 in Hartford, Connecticut to Frank R. Leary, Jr. and Arloa Dean Leary. He spent his childhood in the northern Connecticut towns of Suffield and Windsor Locks. In high school Robb won championships in cross country

  • Déjà Vu All Over Again?
    Fisheries (IF 2.701) Pub Date : 2020-09-26
    Brian R. Murphy

    “We are living in unprecedented times.” We hear this almost daily relative to the current COVID‐19 pandemic, the related economic crises, concurrent civil unrest demanding criminal, and social justice reform. Certainly AFS is now in uncharted territory, with the cancellation of all face‐to‐face meetings forcing us to move to virtual meetings. This pandemic forced us to drastically modify the format

  • In Memoriam: Michael J. Maceina
    Fisheries (IF 2.701) Pub Date : 2020-09-16
    Phil Bettoli

    In the span of a week, Michael J. Maceina, Professor Emeritus at Auburn University, went from fishing with his family near Mobile Bay to passing peacefully at home in his own bed on June 10, 2020. During his brief battle with prostate cancer he did not stop fishing, he did not stop hunting, and he did not stop spending quality time with family and friends.

  • Responding to Ecosystem Transformation: Resist, Accept, or Direct?
    Fisheries (IF 2.701) Pub Date : 2020-07-23
    Laura M. Thompson; Abigail J. Lynch; Erik A. Beever; Augustin C. Engman; Jeffrey A. Falke; Stephen T. Jackson; Trevor J. Krabbenhoft; David J. Lawrence; Douglas Limpinsel; Robert T. Magill; Tracy A. Melvin; John M. Morton; Robert A. Newman; Jay O. Peterson; Mark T. Porath; Frank J. Rahel; Suresh A. Sethi; Jennifer L. Wilkening

    Ecosystem transformation can be defined as the emergence of a self‐organizing, self‐sustaining, ecological or social–ecological system that deviates from prior ecosystem structure and function. These transformations are occurring across the globe; consequently, a static view of ecosystem processes is likely no longer sufficient for managing fish, wildlife, and other species. We present a framework

  • AFS Calls for a Clear, Predictable, Regulatory Framework to Enable Growth of Offshore Aquaculture
    Fisheries (IF 2.701) Pub Date : 2020-09-14
    Drue Banta Winters

    Growing up along the Gulf Coast, wild caught seafood was abundant and affordable. Even in the leanest financial times, there were feasts from the natural bounty of the briny waters—boiled shrimp, marinated blue crab, pan‐fried speckled trout, and char grilled oysters. But, times they are a changing. The future of our seafood supply is something policymakers must address. Demand for fish and shellfish

  • In Memoriam: Ronald W. Goede
    Fisheries (IF 2.701) Pub Date : 2020-09-07
    Eric J. Wagner

    Ronald W. Goede passed away, age 86, of complications related to cancer. His last days were at home under hospice care with his wife Lisa and family at his side. He was born in Columbus, Nebraska, and graduated from high school in Lincoln. Ron served eight years in the Air Force and earned a B.Sc. from the University of Nebraska, majoring in Zoology and Botany. He completed a M.Sc. in Fisheries Biology

  • Themes of Contemporary Inland Fisheries Goals
    Fisheries (IF 2.701) Pub Date : 2020-08-31
    Caleb A. Aldridge; Leandro E. Miranda; Michael E. Colvin

    Goals are important for the effective execution of public trust responsibilities by state inland fisheries bureaus, but formulating meaningful goals is not simple. Often bureaus look to their past and to their sister bureaus in neighboring states when crafting goals for their own freshwater resources. Herein, we review the goal themes of fisheries bureaus using publicly available documents and guided

  • A Fishery after the Decline: The Susquehanna River Smallmouth Bass Story
    Fisheries (IF 2.701) Pub Date : 2020-08-31
    Megan K. Schall; Geoffrey D. Smith; Vicki S. Blazer; Heather L. Walsh; Yan Li; Tyler Wagner

    The Smallmouth Bass Micropterus dolomieu fishery in the Susquehanna River basin, Pennsylvania, is one of the most socioeconomically important fisheries in the region and has recently undergone considerable changes. These changes started in 2005, when disease was documented in young‐of‐the‐year (age‐0) Smallmouth Bass. Shortly thereafter, declines in abundance of both juveniles and adults were observed

  • Tracking Fisheries Through Time: The American Fisheries Society as a Historical Lens
    Fisheries (IF 2.701) Pub Date : 2020-08-27
    Gary E. Whelan, Diana M. Day, John M. Casselman, Laura Gephart, Carolyn J. Hall, James Lichatowich, Michael Matylewich, Leandro Miranda, Leanne Roulson, Patrick D. Shirey, Norman Mercado-Silva, John Waldman, Drue Winters

    The historical context of current environmental conditions offers vital guidance to North American fisheries professionals as they strive to develop effective management plans and policies. Through this retrospective we highlight the remarkable historic fisheries resources and reasons for establishing public fisheries agencies and the American Fisheries Society (AFS). Through a review of primary historical

  • Geochemical tools identify the origins of Chinook Salmon returning to a restored creek
    Fisheries (IF 2.701) Pub Date : 2020-08-19
    Malte Willmes; Emily E. Jacinto; Levi S. Lewis; Rachel A. Fichman; Zachary Bess; Gabriel Singer; Anna Steel; Peter Moyle; Andrew L. Rypel; Nann Fangue; Justin J.G. Glessner; James A. Hobbs; Eric D. Chapman

    Chinook Salmon (Oncorhynchus tshawytscha) populations in California are in decline due to the combined effects of habitat degradation, water diversions, and climate change. Reduced life‐history diversity within these populations inhibits their ability to respond to these stressors. Putah Creek, a small creek in California’s Central Valley that once supported Chinook Salmon, is undergoing restoration

  • In Memoriam: Robert W. Wiley
    Fisheries (IF 2.701) Pub Date : 2020-08-18
    Don Wiley

    Robert (Bob) William Wiley was born December 12, 1940 in Inglewood, California. Bob was the only child born to William Richardson Wiley and Roberta Moore Wiley. Early in his teenage years, a good family friend gave Bob a fishing reel and rod as a birthday gift that sparked his interest in fishing, and eventually the pursuit a life‐long career in fisheries. Throughout that career, he had mentors whom

  • Hyperbole, Simile, Metaphor, and Invasivore: Messaging About Non‐native Blue Catfish Expansion
    Fisheries (IF 2.701) Pub Date : 2020-07-17
    Donald J. Orth; Joseph D. Schmitt; Corbin D. Hilling

    In this paper, we explore the news messaging surrounding the introduction and expansion of Blue Catfish Ictalurus furcatus in mid‐Atlantic tidal waters. In the early news reports surrounding the non‐native catfish controversy, the species was described with hyperboles and terms that evoked threats, danger, and the need for caution, all of which make science‐based debate difficult. Three evidence‐based

  • Mentoring Relates to Job Satisfaction for Fish Biologists: A Longitudinal Study of the USDA Forest Service
    Fisheries (IF 2.701) Pub Date : 2020-08-17
    Brooke E. Penaluna; Dan Shively; Brett B. Roper; Lee K. Cerveny; Shelly Witt; John D. Rothlisberger

    Mentoring has had a recent resurgence as the key to achieving both individual and organizational goals, especially as workforce diversification efforts have led to the hiring of new talent. Few studies have evaluated mentoring within an organization or examined changes in mentoring practices over time. We describe the role and status of mentoring for current fish biologists in the USDA Forest Service

  • Fishing for Food: Quantifying Recreational Fisheries Harvest in Wisconsin Lakes
    Fisheries (IF 2.701) Pub Date : 2020-06-05
    Holly S. Embke; T. Douglas Beard; Abigail J. Lynch; M. Jake Vander Zanden

    Recreational fisheries have high economic worth, valued at US$190 billion globally. An important, but underappreciated, secondary value of recreational catch is its role as a source of food. This contribution is poorly understood due to difficulty in estimating recreational harvest at spatial scales beyond a single system, as traditionally estimated from individual creel surveys. Here, we address this

  • Steven Berkeley Marine Conservation Fellowship: 2020 Winners
    Fisheries (IF 2.701) Pub Date : 2020-08-08
    Laura Hendee

    John Swenson is a PhD candidate in the Komoroske Lab at the University of Massachusetts, Amherst using molecular tools to understand the population dynamics of living marine resources, with an emphasis on data‐poor taxa. DNA‐based methods have great potential to fill critical data gaps for data‐limited species. A particularly exciting development in recent years is close‐kin mark–recapture (CKMR),

  • Knowledge co‐production: A pathway to effective fisheries management, conservation, and governance
    Fisheries (IF 2.701) Pub Date : 2020-08-08
    Steven J. Cooke; Vivian M. Nguyen; Jacqueline M. Chapman; Andrea J. Reid; Sean J. Landsman; Nathan Young; Scott G. Hinch; Stephan Schott; Nicholas E. Mandrak; Christina A.D. Semeniuk

    Although it is assumed that the outcomes from scientific research inform management and policy, the so‐called knowledge–action gap (i.e., the disconnect between scientific knowledge and its application) is a recognition that there are many reasons why new knowledge is not always embraced by knowledge users. The concept of knowledge co‐production has gained popularity within the environmental and conservation

  • What Would John Do?
    Fisheries (IF 2.701) Pub Date : 2020-08-05
    Brian R. Murphy

    This is my first column as President of AFS, and I am honored to have the chance to serve you in this capacity. In these tumultuous times, I pledge to do all I can to keep our organization on track as an effective voice for our members and for aquatic conservation. The coronavirus pandemic has limited our ability to meet in the face‐to‐face venues that AFS normally sponsors, so AFS and various Units

  • Mid‐ and High‐Engagement Programs to Develop Future Fisheries Management Professionals’ Skills
    Fisheries (IF 2.701) Pub Date : 2020-08-03
    Heather A. Triezenberg; Diane Doberneck; Henry Campa; William W. Taylor

    Aquatic science and fisheries degree granting institutions prepare graduates for science, policy, management, and Extension positions across the nation. Increasingly, new graduates are asked to translate their research for diverse audiences but often have received little preparation about outreach, engagement, or science communications during their graduate education. We describe two professional development

  • Trends in Inland Commercial Fisheries in the United States
    Fisheries (IF 2.701) Pub Date : 2020-07-20
    Devin N. Murray; David B. Bunnell; Mark W. Rogers; Abigail J. Lynch; T. Douglas Beard; Simon Funge‐Smith

    Inland fisheries, defined as finfish caught in lakes, rivers, and other water bodies, provide economic value and a source of protein at local and international levels. However, no comprehensive compilation of U.S. inland commercial fisheries exists. We sought to obtain data across all 50 states during 1990–2015 and noted a small, but significant, decline in harvest. The minimum harvest averaged 41

  • Environmental Implications of Discarding Fish in Northern Spanish Coastal Bottom Otter Trawl Fisheries
    Fisheries (IF 2.701) Pub Date : 2020-06-23
    Xela García‐Santiago, Amaya Franco‐Uría, Luis T. Antelo, M. Teresa Moreira, Gumersindo Feijoo, Ricardo I. Pérez‐Martín

    Overfishing contributes to the depletion of fish stocks. Among fishing practices, discarding fish is a waste of valuable resources and results in lost income that is associated with its effects on future stock growth. This practice depends on several factors, although trawl fisheries account for the highest quantity of discards. In this work, the effects of a specific section of the Galician (Northwestern

  • Vote!
    Fisheries (IF 2.701) Pub Date : 2020-06-17
    Scott A. Bonar

    This column is my second to last as your AFS President. My last President’s Hook will introduce an issue dealing with the wonderful history of our Society and will not be as opinionated. It has been an honor for me to serve you, the AFS membership, over the past year. We have tackled important issues such as human‐caused climate change; we have discussed the importance of continually sharing fisheries

  • Steven Kambouris Wins Awards for Urban Planning and Kayak Fishing
    Fisheries (IF 2.701) Pub Date : 2020-06-11
    Steven Kambouris

    Anyone who knows AFS Meeting and Program Coordinator, Steven Kambouris, knows that Steve works incredibly hard in every endeavor he undertakes. Whether it is making sure presenters have everything they need at AFS Annual Meetings, homeschooling his three children, or making sure he posts videos to his YouTube channel “Kambotrout Fishing” every Friday, he does everything with passion and dedication

  • Micro‐Fishing as an Emerging Form of Recreational Angling: Research Gaps and Policy Considerations
    Fisheries (IF 2.701) Pub Date : 2020-06-07
    Steven J. Cooke; Robert J. Lennox; Ben Cantrell; Andy J. Danylchuk

    Micro‐fishing is an emerging form of recreational angling that targets small‐bodied fish in inland and marine waters. Although most fish are presumably released, some are retained as specimens for home aquaria or dissection to confirm identification. To date, very little is known about the effects of Micro‐fishing on individuals (e.g., stress, injury, mortality), populations, or communities owing to

  • Has Steller Sea Lion Predation Impacted Survival of Fraser River Sockeye Salmon?
    Fisheries (IF 2.701) Pub Date : 2020-06-07
    Carl J. Walters; Murdoch K. McAllister; Villy Christensen

    The commercially, recreationally, and culturally important Fraser River Sockeye Salmon Oncorhynchus nerka has experienced a productivity decline over the past 3 decades, which—along with greater temporal variation in annual abundance (i.e., cyclic dominance)—may at least partly be due to Steller sea lion Eumetopias jubatus (SSL) predation on returning adult salmon. This assumes that SSLs residing around

  • Bioenergetic Habitat Suitability Curves for Instream Flow Modeling: Introducing User‐Friendly Software and its Potential Applications
    Fisheries (IF 2.701) Pub Date : 2020-06-07
    Sean M. Naman; Jordan S. Rosenfeld; Jason R. Neuswanger; Eva C. Enders; John W. Hayes; Eric O. Goodwin; Ian.G. Jowett; Brett C. Eaton

    Habitat suitability curves (HSCs) are the biological component of habitat simulation tools used to evaluate instream flow management trade‐offs (e.g., the physical habitat simulation model). However, traditional HSCs based on empirical observations of habitat use relative to availability have been criticized for generating biased estimates of flow requirements and for being poorly transferable across

  • A Contemporary Perspective on Undergraduate Research Mentoring in University Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences Programs
    Fisheries (IF 2.701) Pub Date : 2020-06-07
    Blake P. Thornton; Andy M. Laughlin; Douglas J. Swartz; Bart W. Durham

    The high‐impact practice of undergraduate research has expanded exponentially over the past 2 decades and has become a much more integrated pursuit across all levels of the educational landscape. Such a rapid expansion and diversity of approaches to these programs have resulted in the need to better understand and evaluate their efficacy in all disciplines. The fisheries profession has long been a

  • Lingering Taxonomic Challenges Hinder Conservation and Management of Global Bonefishes
    Fisheries (IF 2.701) Pub Date : 2020-06-05
    Brandon D. Pickett, Elizabeth M. Wallace, Perry G. Ridge, John S. K. Kauwe

    Despite expanding research on the popular recreational fishery, bonefish taxonomy remains murky. The genus Albula, comprising these iconic circumtropical marine sportfishes, has a complex taxonomic history driven by highly conserved morphology. Presently, 12 putative species are spread among 3 species complexes. The cryptic morphology hinders visual identification, requiring genetic species identification

  • AFS Making History During an Historic Year
    Fisheries (IF 2.701) Pub Date : 2020-05-30
    Scott A. Bonar

    For 15 long decades, the American Fisheries Society has struggled to ensure that science forms the cornerstone for managing North America's priceless aquatic treasures. Our members formed the society 5 years after the U.S. Civil War, acknowledging the need to share and promote science, even during the challenges of Reconstruction. The Society continued to share science and promote the scientific method

  • Science Wins the Day in Clean Water Act Groundwater Battle: Continued Vigilance Needed to Protect Water Quality
    Fisheries (IF 2.701) Pub Date : 2020-05-29
    Drue Banta Winters

    It has never been more clear that science must play a key role in policy decisions impacting public health. Yet, the federal law charged with safeguarding our nation’s water, the Clean Water Act (Act), is under siege from all sides, with science in the crosshairs.

  • Engaging Recreational Salmon Anglers in Fisheries Ecology
    Fisheries (IF 2.701) Pub Date : 2020-05-27
    Micah J. Quindazzi; William D.P. Duguid; Katie G. Innes; Jessica Qualley; Francis Juanes

    Long‐term predator diet studies are powerful ecosystem monitoring tools, as has been illustrated by the use of seabird diets to assess the response of forage fish communities to changing ocean conditions (Thayer et al. 2008). In British Columbia, Chinook Oncorhynchus tshawytscha and Coho Salmon O. kisutch are good candidates for a long‐term predator diet study, due to their ubiquity in coastal waters

  • Development of Electrofishing for Fisheries Management
    Fisheries (IF 2.701) Pub Date : 2020-05-26
    James B. Reynolds, Jan C. Dean

    Electrofishing, broadly defined as the use of electricity to capture or control fish, was envisioned in an 1863 British patent application by Isham Baggs. Not until the 1920s, when large, stationary generators were available, did electrofishing applications (i.e., fish barriers) begin. After World War II, applications of electrofishing for fisheries management accelerated in diversity and portability

  • Descender devices or treat tethers: Does barotrauma mitigation increase opportunities for depredation?
    Fisheries (IF 2.701) Pub Date : 2020-05-24
    J.M. Drymon; Amanda E. Jefferson; Crystal Louallen‐Hightower; Sean P. Powers

    Increasing post‐release survival of discarded fishes is a critical challenge to the development of effective conservation and management strategies for a multitude of commercial and recreational fisheries. Among reef fishes, this challenge is further complicated by pressure‐related injuries collectively known as barotrauma. Left alone, these injuries are often fatal. Tactics to mitigate the adverse

  • Anglers’ Views on Using Signs to Communicate Fish Consumption Advisories
    Fisheries (IF 2.701) Pub Date : 2020-05-21
    Kathleen M. Gray; Catherine E. LePrevost; W. Gregory Cope

    The purpose of this case study was to examine signs as a means of communicating fish consumption advisory information to English‐ and Spanish‐speaking anglers in North Carolina. This study involved a group of stakeholders, including representatives from local and state agencies, non‐governmental organizations, and academia, as well as 38 anglers in focus group discussions to learn about their knowledge

  • Is there a Future in the Sustainability Certification of Sardine and Anchovy Fisheries?
    Fisheries (IF 2.701) Pub Date : 2020-05-17
    Vanessa Izquierdo-Peña; Salvador E. Lluch‐Cota; Francisco P. Chavez; Daniel B. Lluch‐Cota; Enrique Morales-Bojórquez; Germán Ponce-Díaz

    Small pelagic fisheries management is difficult because they exhibit large natural abundance fluctuations and are considered forage fish. We discuss the challenges faced by these fisheries within the Marine Stewardship Council (MSC) sustainability certification framework, which evaluates the sustainability of fish stocks, the environmental impact, and effective fisheries management. Certification suspension

  • The Amazing 150th Anniversary of the American Fisheries Society!
    Fisheries (IF 2.701) Pub Date : 2020-05-09
    Scott A. Bonar

    Would you accept payment for your fisheries work in “company script” instead of cash? Paying impoverished employees with “company script” in leu of money is something we generally associate with coal operators, logging camps and others in the 19th century. However, in the leanest times of fisheries science during the Great Depression, research of one of AFS’s former Presidents, Homer Swingle (1957–1958)

  • Ice Fishing Trip Promotes Collaboration and Networking Across the USA–Canada Border
    Fisheries (IF 2.701) Pub Date : 2020-05-08
    Brian K. Gallagher

    On a cold Friday afternoon in January, 13 students from the AFS Québec Student Subunit (seven from McGill University and six from Concordia University, myself included) packed into a few cars in Montréal and drove south. We crossed the U.S. border and arrived at a beautiful wooden house in northern Vermont shortly after nightfall, soon joined by three more students from University of New Hampshire’s

  • World Fish Migration Day Connects Fish, Rivers, and People – From a One‐Day Event to a Broader Social Movement
    Fisheries (IF 2.701) Pub Date : 2020-05-02
    William M. Twardek; Herman Wanningen; Pao Fernández Garrido; Kerry Brink; Josh Royte; Arjan Berkhuysen; Bart Geenen; Steven J. Cooke

    Widespread declines in migratory fish highlight the need for increased global efforts to raise awareness of their value and abate threats they face. World Fish Migration Day (WFMD), coordinated by the World Fish Migration Foundation, is a biennial global celebration of open rivers and migratory fish achieved through locally organized events with the common theme of connecting fish, rivers, and people

  • Farmed Mussels in the Northeastern U.S. Exclusive Economic Zone: An Opportunity Too Good to Ignore
    Fisheries (IF 2.701) Pub Date : 2020-04-30
    Darien D. Mizuta, Gary H. Wikfors

    The United States is the top seafood importer in the world. Nevertheless, opportunities to expand national seafood production, such as offshore aquaculture, are restricted by unclear frameworks for licensing, permitting, and regulating new enterprises. Currently, domestic mussel demand is reliant upon international trade but demand could be met by aquaculture within the Exclusive Economic Zone, especially

  • A Brief History of Fisheries in Canada
    Fisheries (IF 2.701) Pub Date : 2020-04-26
    Rowshyra A. Castañeda; Colleen M.M. Burliuk; John M. Casselman; Steven J. Cooke; Karen M. Dunmall; L. Scott Forbes; Caleb T. Hasler; Kimberly L. Howland; Jeffrey A. Hutchings; Geoff M. Klein; Vivian M. Nguyen; Michael H.H. Price; Andrea J. Reid; James D. Reist; John D. Reynolds; Alexander Van Nynatten; Nicholas E. Mandrak

    Having the longest coastlines in the world and some of the largest freshwater ecosystems, Canada has a rich history of exploitation and stewardship of its marine and freshwater fisheries resources. For thousands of years prior to European settlement, Indigenous peoples across what is now Canada utilized and managed marine and freshwater fisheries that underpinned food systems, cultural practices, and

  • Ode to the Civil Servant
    Fisheries (IF 2.701) Pub Date : 2020-03-12
    Scott A. Bonar

    “How is your fishing?” I used to ask people as a state fish biologist doing creel surveys. One response: “You are a f#$#ing waste of my f$%$ing money. Another said, “You G#d@#n ecologists are filled with more s#$t than the Christmas goose.” At a meeting when I was a professor: “You pointy‐headed liberals are indoctrinating our kids” (I must admit my head shape is somewhat pointy, but I classify myself

  • Connecting Salmon Science in an Era of Global Change
    Fisheries (IF 2.701) Pub Date : 2020-03-11
    Alexandra C. Sawyer; Jonathan W. Moore; Daniel E. Schindler; Peter A.H. Westley

    Pacific salmon Oncorhynchus spp. are a group of migratory fishes that support diverse economies, cultures, and ecosystems. As such, there is a broad community of salmon scientists and practitioners interested in their biology, management, and conservation. In an era of rapid global change, stakeholders face a growing challenge—and an unprecedented opportunity—to realize connections across this diverse

  • Top 10 Reasons to Attend AFS 150 in Columbus
    Fisheries (IF 2.701) Pub Date : 2020-03-04
    Curtis Wagner; Janice Kern

    As the General Meeting Co‐Chairs for the 150th Annual Meeting of the American Fisheries Society, we welcome you to Columbus, Ohio to participate in this historic gathering of fisheries professionals. The conference is an opportunity to learn about the latest fisheries science research, reconnect with colleagues and friends, and celebrate the 150th Anniversary of the founding of AFS.

  • Coronavirus, Climate Change, and a Bit of Hope
    Fisheries (IF 2.701) Pub Date : 2020-04-15
    Scott A. Bonar

    Inspired and hopeful! Those words describe how I feel after seeing worldwide and AFS member response to coronavirus. The pandemic is of course devastating, but some good things are collateral results of a world shifting gears. The kindness, hard work, and decency of people, including fisheries professionals, are on full display. AFS members and staff are staying at home and social distancing. I see

  • InFish:
    Fisheries (IF 2.701) Pub Date : 2020-04-14
    Abigail J. Lynch, Devin M. Bartley, Thomas Douglas Beard, David B. Bunnell, Steven J. Cooke, Ian G. Cowx, Simon Funge‐Smith, Craig P. Paukert, Mark W. Rogers

    Inland fishes and fisheries make substantial contributions to individuals, society, and the environment in a changing global landscape that includes climate, water allocations, and societal changes. However, current limitations to valuing the services provided by inland fish and their fisheries often leaves them out of key decision‐making discussions. InFish is a voluntary professional network with

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