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  • Gender dynamics in banana seed systems and impact on banana bunchy top disease recovery in Cameroon
    Outlook Agric. (IF 1.043) Pub Date : 2020-05-01
    Lilian Nkengla-Asi; Aman Bonaventure Omondi; Vincent Che Simo; Elizabeth Assam; Sergine Ngatat; Brenda Boonabaana

    Enhancing opportunities for women and men in banana production is vital for promoting gender equity in sub-Saharan Africa. This study investigated the gendered differences in access to and decision-making over banana production resources and services in banana bunchy top disease affected areas in Cameroon. A mixed methods approach was used, comprising an intra-household survey (n = 109 households)

    更新日期:2020-05-01
  • Potential returns to yam research investment in sub-Saharan Africa and beyond
    Outlook Agric. (IF 1.043) Pub Date : 2020-04-24
    Djana Babatima Mignouna; Adebayo Akinboye Akinola; Tahirou Abdoulaye; Arega D Alene; Victor Manyong; Norbert G Maroya; Beatrice Anim Aighewi; Lava P Kumar; Morufat Balogun; Antonio Lopez-Montes; Deborah Rees; Robert Asiedu

    The significance of yam (Dioscorea spp.) in terms of volume and value of production cannot be over-emphasized in Africa and beyond. Africa accounts for 97% of the world’s production far beyond the Americas (2%) and Oceania (1%) (FAO, 2019). More than five million people in yam growing countries directly depend on the yam value chain for their food security and livelihoods. Its prominence as an arable

    更新日期:2020-04-24
  • Food price spikes: Is a cereal export ban the right response for Ethiopia?
    Outlook Agric. (IF 1.043) Pub Date : 2020-04-15
    Emerta A Aragie; Jean Balié; Cristian Morales -Opazo

    Following the price hikes of 2007–2008 and 2010–2011, many governments in low-income countries implemented food export bans. While several studies investigate the macroeconomic impacts of such bans on large net exporters of grains, only very few country case studies have examined the economy-wide and distributional effects combined. Further, there is a lack of rigorous studies that explicitly analyse

    更新日期:2020-04-18
  • Designing genetic impact assessment for crossbreeding with exotic beef breeds in mixed farming systems
    Outlook Agric. (IF 1.043) Pub Date : 2020-04-09
    Tri Satya Mastuti Widi; Henk Udo; Kor Oldenbroek; I Gede Suparta Budisatria; Endang Baliarti; Akke van der Zijpp

    A genetic impact assessment (GIA) methodology is developed, consisting of consultation of stakeholders, identification of issues and assessment of associated indicators, for crossbreeding with exotic beef breeds in smallholder mixed farms. The GIA is implemented in two case studies of crossbreeding with Limousin and Simmental in Madura and Central Java, Indonesia. Consultation of stakeholders (n =

    更新日期:2020-04-18
  • Is there a role for agricultural production cooperatives in agricultural development? Evidence from China
    Outlook Agric. (IF 1.043) Pub Date : 2020-03-26
    Shemei Zhang; Axel Wolz; Ya Ding

    In recent years, China witnessed a boom in the formation of agricultural cooperatives. While most of them have been set up as agricultural service cooperatives, there is also the option of forming agricultural production cooperatives (APCs). Although both models stem from a similar long tradition, it was argued that production cooperatives were not competitive, thus having no role in agricultural development

    更新日期:2020-04-18
  • Editorial
    Outlook Agric. (IF 1.043) Pub Date : 2020-03-24
    Jillian Lenné

    Outlook on Agriculture was well-patronized in 2019 with over 400 papers – an increase of 11% over 2018. Thirty-eight papers were accepted after rigorous screening and critical peer review. A wide range of important topics was explored from technological change, food security, climate change, youth and gender to forages and feed, seed systems, agroecology and biosecurity in farming systems. Again, I

    更新日期:2020-04-18
  • Tracing legume seed diffusion beyond demonstration trials: An exploration of sharing mechanisms
    Outlook Agric. (IF 1.043) Pub Date : 2020-03-04
    Conny JM Almekinders; Esther Ronner; Joost van Heerwaarden

    Many seed system interventions introduce improved seeds, aiming at a variety of goals that directly contribute to a better livelihood of smallholder farmers who are assumed to adopt these seeds or indirectly to a larger group of beneficiaries. The strategy underlying the introduction of seeds normally assumes that after active introduction at particular intervention points and through activities involving

    更新日期:2020-04-18
  • Genetic engineering at the heart of agroecology
    Outlook Agric. (IF 1.043) Pub Date : 2020-03-02
    Lambertus AP Lotz; Clemens CM van de Wiel; Marinus JM Smulders

    The term ‘agroecology’ has no universally agreed meaning. Scientists who want to apply the discipline of ecology within their research on agricultural production systems have been using this term since the 1930s. Martin and Sauerborn (2013) defined this as: ‘the science of the relationships of organisms in an environment purposely transformed by man for crop or livestock production’. From this basic

    更新日期:2020-04-18
  • Members’ perceptions of governance in agricultural cooperatives: Evidence from Spain
    Outlook Agric. (IF 1.043) Pub Date : 2020-02-27
    Gabriel Lucas-Martínez; Juan Francisco Martín-Ugedo; Antonio Minguez-Vera

    This article examines some aspects related to perceptions of agricultural cooperative members. Most arguments employed are based on agency and property rights theories. The sample consists of 196 satisfaction surveys completed by agricultural cooperative members and accounting information from Spanish cooperatives. The results show that when members do not perceive any serious agency problems, the

    更新日期:2020-04-18
  • Implementation of the GB Plant Health and Biosecurity Strategy 2014–2019 with foresight on a new strategy for 2020
    Outlook Agric. (IF 1.043) Pub Date : 2020-02-27
    Nicola Spence

    Plants have an essential role in addressing the great social and environmental challenges of our time. However, the risk from invasive plant pests and pathogens is also significant and constantly growing as a result of increasing globalisation and environmental change. The UK’s plant health regime aims to manage that risk to protect the enormous value of plants and trees; from the value of crops and

    更新日期:2020-04-18
  • Improved feeding and forages at a crossroads: Farming systems approaches for sustainable livestock development in East Africa
    Outlook Agric. (IF 1.043) Pub Date : 2020-02-26
    Birthe K Paul; Jeroen CJ Groot; Brigitte L Maass; An MO Notenbaert; Mario Herrero; Pablo A Tittonell

    Livestock is a resource of significant benefit to society in the form of food, income, nutrients, employment, insurance, traction, and clothing (Herrero et al., 2013). By 2050, the total demand for meat, milk, and eggs is projected to almost double mostly in the developing world due to population growth, urbanization, income increase, and change in dietary preferences—the “livestock revolution” (Alexandratos

    更新日期:2020-04-18
  • CORRECTION NOTICE to OAG 48/4-December 2019 issue
    Outlook Agric. (IF 1.043) Pub Date : 2020-02-09

    Due to an administrative error the articles published in the Mini-Special Issue ‘Young Farmers in Thailand’ edited by Nicolas Faysse are out of order. The correct running order and Table of Contents for the Mini-Special Issue is provided below.

    更新日期:2020-04-18
  • Sticking with the old seed: Input value chains and the challenges to deliver genetic gains to smallholder maize farmers
    Outlook Agric. (IF 1.043) Pub Date : 2020-01-20
    Pieter Rutsaert; Jason Donovan

    Crop genetic improvement has been crucial in feeding the world population (Lipton and Longhurst, 1989) and has resulted in 20–50% yield growth in developing countries between 1960 and 2000 (Evenson and Gollin, 2003). The high social return of crop genetic improvement has led to substantial investments in agricultural research and development (AGRA, 2017; Toenniessen et al., 2008). While landraces have

    更新日期:2020-04-18
  • Diversity, complexity, and structure of social networks: Study of a smallholder dairy project
    Outlook Agric. (IF 1.043) Pub Date : 2019-12-18
    Sreeram Vishnu; Jancy Gupta; Subash Surendran Padmaja

    Network structures have drawn a lot of research interest in recent years. However, little is known about how the diversity, complexity, and structure of the multi-actor networks associated with a project shapes information exchange and linkages in different contexts. This study, conducted in 2017, addresses this deficiency by analyzing the social networks in three villages, and it was directly set

    更新日期:2020-04-18
  • Beyond “women and youth”: Applying intersectionality in agricultural research for development
    Outlook Agric. (IF 1.043) Pub Date : 2019-12-09
    Katie Tavenner; Todd A Crane

    “Women and youth” targets are commonly homogenized both in development discourse and in programmatic targeting. While this framing aims to recognize the customary inequities in agricultural development activities traditionally oriented toward elder men, the homogenization of these categories does not capture the intra-gender differences between these social groups. We explore the utility of intersectionality

    更新日期:2020-04-18
  • Renewing the engagement of young people in farming in Thailand: Possible pathways
    Outlook Agric. (IF 1.043) Pub Date : 2019-12-09
    Nicolas Faysse

    The engagement of young people in farming has been declining in Thailand. This is most obvious when considering farm holders, as agricultural censuses show that the number of young farm holders has dropped considerably over the last two decades, and this is also the case for agricultural labourers (Podhisita, 2017). Local studies in Thailand (e.g. Rigg et al., 2008, 2018) reported young people are

    更新日期:2020-04-18
  • Gender relations along the maize value chain in Mozambique
    Outlook Agric. (IF 1.043) Pub Date : 2019-11-26
    Rahma I Adam; Maria da Luz Quinhentos; Pauline Muindi; Jessica Osanya

    This article offers insights into gender relations at every node of the maize value chain in rural Mozambique. Data were collected using mixed methods, including a survey of 295 households, key informant interviews with 29 individuals (breeders, agro-dealers, traders, and processors), and 12 sex-disaggregated focus group discussions with smallholder farmers. The findings show that in terms of the gender

    更新日期:2020-04-18
  • Poverty eradication and food security through agriculture in Africa: Rethinking objectives and entry points
    Outlook Agric. (IF 1.043) Pub Date : 2019-11-21
    A Gassner; D Harris; K Mausch; A Terheggen; C Lopes; RF Finlayson; P Dobie

    Poverty and hunger remain the biggest development challenges of our time. Food security and undernutrition remain problems throughout the less developed parts of the world (HLPE, 2017) despite the conclusion that ‘All developing regions except Sub-Saharan Africa reached the Millennium Development Goal of halving poverty between 1990 and 2015’ (UN, 2010). Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) remains the world’s

    更新日期:2020-04-18
  • Technical and environmental characterization of Colombian beef cattle-fattening farms, with a focus on farm size and ways of improving production
    Outlook Agric. (IF 1.043) Pub Date : 2019-10-24
    Ricardo González-Quintero; María Solange Sánchez-Pinzón; Diana María Bolívar-Vergara; Ngonidzashe Chirinda; Jacobo Arango; Heiber Alexander Pantévez; Guillermo Correa-Londoño; Rolando Barahona-Rosales

    In Colombia, cattle-fattening farms account for 20.7% of the Colombian cattle herd and play an important role in terms of economic and social benefits for rural communities. However, few characterization studies have been conducted on these production systems, which limit our understanding of their production dynamics and environmental impacts. This study aimed to characterize very small, small, medium

    更新日期:2020-04-18
  • Public policy to support young farmers in Thailand
    Outlook Agric. (IF 1.043) Pub Date : 2019-10-15
    Nicolas Faysse; Kassirin Phiboon; Titouan Filloux

    In newly industrialised countries in Asia, programmes to support the establishment of young farmers are still emerging. This in particularly true in Thailand, despite the declared importance of supporting young farmers in national development strategies. The aim of the present study was to analyse policy tools to help young people start farming in Thailand. First, we reviewed existing policy tools

    更新日期:2020-04-18
  • Support programmes and the diversity of young farmers in Thailand: A good match?
    Outlook Agric. (IF 1.043) Pub Date : 2019-10-15
    Kassirin Phiboon; Cécile Cochetel; Nicolas Faysse

    Many countries have programmes to help young people start farming. However, some of the programmes have been criticized for not providing enough support, particularly because they do not adequately account for the diverse profiles of young farmers. The present study analyses the profiles of young farmers in Thailand and to what extent they benefit from support programmes. Eighty-four farmers under

    更新日期:2020-04-18
  • Population: the dynamics of change.
    Outlook Agric. Pub Date : 1993-01-01
    W Lutz

    "This introductory contribution will attempt to give an overview of the demographic analysis of population change under a global perspective and with a long time horizon. Obviously in this context it can only provide some selected highlights which will be grouped around three themes: population growth and the concept of demographic transitions; components of population dynamics; and possible future

    更新日期:2019-11-01
  • Population growth and natural resource use: do we need to despair of Africa?.
    Outlook Agric. Pub Date : 1993-01-01
    M Tiffen,M Mortimore

    The authors make the case that population growth can lead to increases in agricultural output per head on a sustainable basis. This argument, originally developed by E. Boserup, is "illustrated by a study of Machakos District, Kenya during 1930-1960, which shows that, if policies are supportive, agricultural and non-farm incomes grow faster than even the rapid population growth rate experienced in

    更新日期:2019-11-01
  • The birth rate decline in developing countries.
    Outlook Agric. Pub Date : 1993-01-01
    B Robey

    Family planning programs historically have played an important role in providing information and counseling and supplying modern methods. Most programs are effective due to socioeconomic development and strong political support. Potential demand for services will be growing. This means that donor agencies must commit additional funding, and users must begin paying or paying more for contraceptives

    更新日期:2019-11-01
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