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  • Electrospun ultrafine fibers for advanced face masks
    Mater. Sci. Eng. R Rep. (IF 26.625) Pub Date : 2020-11-20
    Zhenfang Zhang; Dongxiao Ji; Haijun He; Seeram Ramakrishna

    The outbreak of Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19), which is caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2), has triggered great global public health concern. Face masks are essential tools to reduce the spread of SARS-CoV-2 from human to human. However, there are still challenges to prolong the serving life and maintain the filtering performance of the current commercial mask

    更新日期:2020-11-21
  • Fundamentals and application of solid-state phase transformations for advanced high strength steels containing metastable retained austenite
    Mater. Sci. Eng. R Rep. (IF 26.625) Pub Date : 2020-11-06
    Zongbiao Dai; Hao Chen; Ran Ding; Qi Lu; Chi Zhang; Zhigang Yang; Sybrand van der Zwaag

    Over many decades, significant efforts have been made to improve the strength-elongation product of advanced high strength steels (AHSSs) by creating tailored multi-phase microstructures. Successive solid-state phase transformations for steels with a well selected chemical composition turned out to be the key instrument in the realisation of such microstructures. In this contribution, we first provide

    更新日期:2020-11-06
  • Rechargeable alkaline zinc–manganese oxide batteries for grid storage: Mechanisms, challenges and developments
    Mater. Sci. Eng. R Rep. (IF 26.625) Pub Date : 2020-11-03
    Matthew B. Lim; Timothy N. Lambert; Babu R. Chalamala

    Rechargeable alkaline Zn–MnO2 (RAM) batteries are a promising candidate for grid-scale energy storage owing to their high theoretical energy density rivaling lithium-ion systems (∼400 Wh/L), relatively safe aqueous electrolyte, established supply chain, and projected costs below $100/kWh at scale. In practice, however, many fundamental chemical and physical processes at both electrodes make it difficult

    更新日期:2020-11-03
  • Non-noble-metal-based organic emitters for OLED applications
    Mater. Sci. Eng. R Rep. (IF 26.625) Pub Date : 2020-09-28
    Dongcheng Chen; Wei Li; Lin Gan; Zhiheng Wang; Mengke Li; Shi-Jian Su

    Organic light-emitting diodes (OLEDs) employing purely organic functional materials indicate a low-cost manufacturing route towards the next-generation display and solid-state lighting owing to the avoidance of noble heavy metal complex phosphorescent emitters. In recent years, several mechanisms have been proposed to design high performance purely organic emitters. This new generation of purely organic

    更新日期:2020-09-28
  • Thermal conductivity of graphene-based polymer nanocomposites
    Mater. Sci. Eng. R Rep. (IF 26.625) Pub Date : 2020-09-22
    Xingyi Huang; Chunyi Zhi; Ying Lin; Hua Bao; Guangning Wu; Pingkai Jiang; Yiu-Wing Mai

    As a material possessing extremely high thermal conductivity, graphene has been considered as the ultimate filler for fabrication of highly thermally conductive polymer composites. In the past decade, graphene and its derivatives were demonstrated in many studies to be very effective in enhancing the thermal conductivity of various polymers. This paper reviews current progress in the development of

    更新日期:2020-09-22
  • High-Efficiency Silicon Heterojunction Solar Cells: Materials, Devices and Applications
    Mater. Sci. Eng. R Rep. (IF 26.625) Pub Date : 2020-08-23
    Yuqiang Liu; Yajuan Li; Yiliang Wu; Guangtao Yang; Luana Mazzarella; Paul Procel-Moya; Adele C. Tamboli; Klaus Weber; Mathieu Boccard; Olindo Isabella; Xinbo Yang; Baoquan Sun

    Photovoltaic (PV) technology offers an economic and sustainable solution to the challenge of increasing energy demand in times of global warming. The world PV market is currently dominated by the homo-junction crystalline silicon (c-Si) PV technology based on high temperature diffused p-n junctions, featuring a low power conversion efficiency (PCE). Recent years have seen the successful development

    更新日期:2020-08-23
  • Three-dimensional interconnected networks for thermally conductive polymer composites: Design, preparation, properties, and mechanisms
    Mater. Sci. Eng. R Rep. (IF 26.625) Pub Date : 2020-08-12
    Fei Zhang; Yiyu Feng; Wei Feng

    With the development of science and technology, microelectronic components have evolved to become increasingly integrated and miniaturized. As a result, thermal management, which can seriously impact the function, reliability, and lifetime of such components, has become a critical issue. Recently, the use of polymer-based thermal interface materials (TIMs) in thermal management systems has attracted

    更新日期:2020-08-12
  • Recent progress in group III-nitride nanostructures: From materials to applications
    Mater. Sci. Eng. R Rep. (IF 26.625) Pub Date : 2020-07-17
    Fei Chen; Xiaohong Ji; Shu Ping Lau

    Group-III-nitride semiconductors, including AlN, GaN, InN and their ternary, quaternary compounds, are promising electronic and optoelectronic materials for the applications in light emitting diodes, lasers, field emitters, photodetectors, artificial photosynthesis, and solar cells. Owing to their direct bandgaps ranging from near infra-red to deep ultraviolet. In recent years, the growth of group-III

    更新日期:2020-07-17
  • Direct observation of electric and magnetic fields of functional materials
    Mater. Sci. Eng. R Rep. (IF 26.625) Pub Date : 2020-07-08
    Daisuke Shindo; Zentaro Akase

    Electron holography is a useful technique to directly visualize the electromagnetic fields in and around various functional materials at the nanometer scale. The precision and resolution of this technique have been drastically improved by using various specialized instruments. From in situ experiments applying electric current and voltage and using these specialized instruments, conductivity changes

    更新日期:2020-07-09
  • Laser engineering of biomimetic surfaces
    Mater. Sci. Eng. R Rep. (IF 26.625) Pub Date : 2020-06-20
    E. Stratakis; J. Bonse; J. Heitz; J. Siegel; G.D. Tsibidis; E. Skoulas; A. Papadopoulos; A. Mimidis; A.-C. Joel; P. Comanns; J. Krüger; C. Florian; Y. Fuentes-Edfuf; J. Solis; W. Baumgartner

    The exciting properties of micro- and nano-patterned surfaces found in natural species hide a virtually endless potential of technological ideas, opening new opportunities for innovation and exploitation in materials science and engineering. Due to the diversity of biomimetic surface functionalities, inspirations from natural surfaces are interesting for a broad range of applications in engineering

    更新日期:2020-06-22
  • All-dielectric materials and related nanophotonic applications
    Mater. Sci. Eng. R Rep. (IF 26.625) Pub Date : 2020-06-12
    Jiahao Yan; Xinyue Liu; Churong Ma; Yingcong Huang; Guowei Yang

    Generally, nanophotonics is associated with plasmonic materials and structures made of noble metals such as gold or silver. However, conventional plasmonic materials have several disadvantages restricting their applications. First, plasmonic materials like gold and silver suffer from high optical loss at optical frequencies. Second, noble metals are rare and not proper for large scale fabrication.

    更新日期:2020-06-12
  • Dynamic crosslinked rubbers for a green future: A material perspective
    Mater. Sci. Eng. R Rep. (IF 26.625) Pub Date : 2020-06-02
    Alan M. Wemyss; Chris Bowen; Cédric Plesse; Cédric Vancaeyzeele; Giao T.M. Nguyen; Frédéric Vidal; Chaoying Wan

    Conventional rubber products, such as tires, seals, tubing, and damping systems are manufactured via a vulcanization process, which forms covalently crosslinked network structures and ensures mechanical robustness, thermal stability and chemical resistance. However, the covalent networks are permanent and these products cannot be reprocessed or reshaped, which makes vulcanised rubbers one of the major

    更新日期:2020-06-02
  • Broad-band emission in metal halide perovskites: Mechanism, materials, and applications
    Mater. Sci. Eng. R Rep. (IF 26.625) Pub Date : 2020-03-20
    Guojun Zhou; Binbin Su; Jinglong Huang; Qinyuan Zhang; Zhiguo Xia

    Metal halide perovskites (MHPs) are in a blossoming status where their inherent optoelectronic properties are being revisited from the perspective of both fundamental science and practical application. In an attempt to boost the manipulating photoluminescence performance of MHPs, it is timely and vital to review the relation between structural attributes and the photo-physical phenomena for their unique

    更新日期:2020-03-20
  • Injectable scaffolds: Preparation and application in dental and craniofacial regeneration.
    Mater. Sci. Eng. R Rep. (IF 26.625) Pub Date : 2017-06-27
    Bei Chang,Neelam Ahuja,Chi Ma,Xiaohua Liu

    Injectable scaffolds are appealing for tissue regeneration because they offer many advantages over pre-formed scaffolds. This article provides a comprehensive review of the injectable scaffolds currently being investigated for dental and craniofacial tissue regeneration. First, we provide an overview of injectable scaffolding materials, including natural, synthetic, and composite biomaterials. Next

    更新日期:2019-11-01
  • Stimulus-responsive hydrogels: Theory, modern advances, and applications.
    Mater. Sci. Eng. R Rep. (IF 26.625) Pub Date : 2016-05-03
    Michael C Koetting,Jonathan T Peters,Stephanie D Steichen,Nicholas A Peppas

    Over the past century, hydrogels have emerged as effective materials for an immense variety of applications. The unique network structure of hydrogels enables very high levels of hydrophilicity and biocompatibility, while at the same time exhibiting the soft physical properties associated with living tissue, making them ideal biomaterials. Stimulus-responsive hydrogels have been especially impactful

    更新日期:2019-11-01
  • Spatially and temporally controlled hydrogels for tissue engineering
    Mater. Sci. Eng. R Rep. (IF 26.625) Pub Date : 2017-07-25
    Jeroen Leijten, Jungmok Seo, Kan Yue, Grissel Trujillo-de Santiago, Ali Tamayol, Guillermo U. Ruiz-Esparza, Su Ryon Shin, Roholah Sharifi, Iman Noshadi, Mario Moisés Álvarez, Yu Shrike Zhang, Ali Khademhosseini

    Recent years have seen tremendous advances in the field of hydrogel-based biomaterials. One of the most prominent revolutions in this field has been the integration of elements or techniques that enable spatial and temporal control over hydrogels’ properties and functions. Here, we critically review the emerging progress of spatiotemporal control over biomaterial properties towards the development

    更新日期:2017-08-10
Contents have been reproduced by permission of the publishers.
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