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  • Video representation and suspicious event detection using semantic technologies
    Semant. Web (IF 3.182) Pub Date : 2020-09-25
    Ashish Singh Patel; Giovanni Merlino; Dario Bruneo; Antonio Puliafito; O.P. Vyas; Muneendra Ojha

    Storage and analysis of video surveillance data is a significant challenge, requiring video interpretation and event detection in the relevant context. To perform this task, the low-level features including shape, texture, and color information are extracted and represented in symbolic forms. In this work, a methodology is proposed, which extracts the salient features and properties using machine learning

    更新日期:2020-09-25
  • Gravsearch: Transforming SPARQL to query humanities data
    Semant. Web (IF 3.182) Pub Date : 2020-09-23
    Tobias Schweizer; Benjamin Geer

    Abstract RDF triplestores have become an appealing option for storing and publishing humanities data, but available technologies for querying this data have drawbacks that make them unsuitable for many applications. Gravsearch (Virtual Graph Search), a SPARQL transformer developed as part of a web-based API, is designed to support complex searches that are desirable in humanities research, while avoiding

    更新日期:2020-09-25
  • Modeling execution techniques of inscriptions
    Semant. Web (IF 3.182) Pub Date : 2020-09-22
    Pietro Maria Liuzzo; Silvia Evangelisti

    The paper discusses a small ontology to describe the features of the execution techniques of inscriptions, based on a recent contribution discussing the classification methodologies. The modeling is done on the basis of existing recent attempts to model epigraphic documents and not on a general evaluation of existing ontologies. The ontology described is used in parallel to enrich and further structure

    更新日期:2020-09-23
  • An unsupervised approach to disjointness learning based on terminological cluster trees
    Semant. Web (IF 3.182) Pub Date : 2020-09-22
    Giuseppe Rizzo; Claudia d’Amato; Nicola Fanizzi

    In the context of the Semantic Web regarded as a Web of Data, research efforts have been devoted to improving the quality of the ontologies that are used as vocabularies to enable complex services based on automated reasoning. From various surveys it emerges that many domains would require better ontologies that include non-negligible constraints for properly conveying the intended semantics. In this

    更新日期:2020-09-23
  • S-Paths: Set-based visual exploration of linked data driven by semantic paths
    Semant. Web (IF 3.182) Pub Date : 2020-09-16
    Marie Destandau; Caroline Appert; Emmanuel Pietriga

    Meaningful information about an RDF resource can be obtained not only by looking at its properties, but by putting it in the broader context of similar resources. Classic navigation paradigms on the Web of Data that employ a follow-your-nose strategy fail to provide such context, and put strong emphasis on first-level properties, forcing users to drill down in the graph one step at a time. We introduce

    更新日期:2020-09-20
  • OntoAndalus: An ontology of Islamic artefacts for terminological purposes
    Semant. Web (IF 3.182) Pub Date : 2020-09-16
    Bruno Almeida; Rute Costa

    OntoAndalus aims at constituting a shared conceptualisation of the domain within a future multilingual terminological resource targeted at experts and students of Islamic archaeology. The present version of OntoAndalus is aligned with DOLCE+DnS Ultralite (DUL), an established top-level ontology forthe Semantic Web. This article describes the modelling assumptions underlying OntoAndalus, as well as

    更新日期:2020-09-20
  • Introducing the Data Quality Vocabulary (DQV)
    Semant. Web (IF 3.182) Pub Date : 2020-09-16
    Riccardo Albertoni; Antoine Isaac

    The Data Quality Vocabulary (DQV) provides a metadata model for expressing data quality. DQV was developed by the Data on the Web Best Practice (DWBP) Working Group of the World Wide Web Consortium (W3C) between 2013 and 2017. This paper aims at providing a deeper understanding of DQV. It introduces its key design principles, components, and the main discussion points that have been raised in the process

    更新日期:2020-09-20
  • Difficulty-level modeling of ontology-based factual questions
    Semant. Web (IF 3.182) Pub Date : 2020-09-09
    Vinu E. Venugopal; P. Sreenivasa Kumar

    Semantics-based knowledge representations such as ontologies are found to be very useful in automatically generating meaningful factual questions. Determining the difficulty-level of these system-generated questions is helpful to effectively utilize them in various educational and professional applications. The existing approach for predicting the difficulty-level of factual questions utilizes only

    更新日期:2020-09-12
  • RDF graph validation using rule-based reasoning
    Semant. Web (IF 3.182) Pub Date : 2020-09-07
    Ben De Meester; Pieter Heyvaert; Dörthe Arndt; Anastasia Dimou; Ruben Verborgh

    The correct functioning of Semantic Web applications requires that given RDF graphs adhere to an expected shape. This shape depends on the RDF graph and the application’s supported entailments of that graph. During validation, RDF graphs are assessed against sets of constraints, and found violations help refining the RDF graphs. However, existing validation approaches cannot always explain the root

    更新日期:2020-09-08
  • Editorial: Special issue on Semantic eScience: Methods, tools and applications
    Semant. Web (IF 3.182) Pub Date : 2020-08-17
    Daniel Garijo; Natalia Villanueva-Rosales; Tomi Kauppinen

    Abstract Openly shared, available, and accessible scientific resources facilitate tackling grand challenges that our society, organizations, communities and individuals are facing today. Pandemics, climate change, environmental modeling, genomics, or space exploration all create open research questions for which Artificial Intelligence – and Semantic Web in particular – have a unique potential to accelerate

    更新日期:2020-08-19
  • A systematic survey of temporal requirements of bio-health ontologies
    Semant. Web (IF 3.182) Pub Date : 2020-08-07
    Jared Leo; Nicolas Matentzoglu; Uli Sattler; Bijan Parsia

    The Description Logic SROIQ(D), as the logical core of the W3C standard Web Ontology Language (OWL 2), is a widely used formalism for ontologies in the life sciences. Bio-health applications including health-care and life science domains commonly have a need to represent temporal information such as medication frequency or stage-based development. Different classes of temporal phenomena may generate

    更新日期:2020-08-08
  • Survey on complex ontology matching
    Semant. Web (IF 3.182) Pub Date : 2020-08-07
    Elodie Thiéblin; Ollivier Haemmerlé; Nathalie Hernandez; Cassia Trojahn

    Simple ontology alignments, largely studied in the literature, link a single entity of a source ontology to a single entity of a target ontology. A limitation of these alignments is their lack of expressiveness which can be overcome by complex alignments. While diverse state-of-the-art surveys mainly review the matching approaches in general, to the best of our knowledge, there is no study of the specificities

    更新日期:2020-08-08
  • Ontologies for observations and actuations in buildings: A survey
    Semant. Web (IF 3.182) Pub Date : 2020-07-24
    Iker Esnaola-Gonzalez; Jesús Bermúdez; Izaskun Fernandez; Aitor Arnaiz

    Spaces and elements in the built environment have emerged as platforms where materializations of observations and actuations promise to be very profitable. The advent of the Internet of Things (IoT) paves the way to address this challenge but the heterogeneity of the represented knowledge about these artifact systems poses a real problem. Ontologies can be considered as part of the solution to overcome

    更新日期:2020-07-25
  • EDR: A generic approach for the distribution of rule-based reasoning in a Cloud–Fog continuum
    Semant. Web (IF 3.182) Pub Date : 2020-07-24
    Nicolas Seydoux; Khalil Drira; Nathalie Hernandez; Thierry Monteil

    The successful deployment of the Semantic Web of Things (SWoT) requires the adaptation of the Semantic Web principles and technologies to the constraints of the IoT domain, which is the challenging research direction we address here. In this context we promote distributed reasoning approaches in IoT systems by implementing a hybrid deployment of reasoning rules relying on the complementarity of Cloud

    更新日期:2020-07-25
  • ExtruOnt: An ontology for describing a type of manufacturing machine for Industry 4.0 systems
    Semant. Web (IF 3.182) Pub Date : 2020-05-13
    Víctor Julio Ramírez-Durán; Idoia Berges; Arantza Illarramendi

    Semantically rich descriptions of manufacturing machines, offered in a machine-interpretable code, can provide interesting benefits in Industry 4.0 scenarios. However, the lack of that type of descriptions is evident. In this paper we present the development effort made to build an ontology, calledExtruOnt, for describing a type of manufacturing machine, more precisely, a type that performs an extrusion

    更新日期:2020-06-30
  • Findable and reusable workflow data products: A genomic workflow case study
    Semant. Web (IF 3.182) Pub Date : 2020-05-12
    Alban Gaignard; Hala Skaf-Molli; Khalid Belhajjame

    While workflow systems have improved the repeatability of scientific experiments, the value of the processed (intermediate) data have been overlooked so far. In this paper, we argue that the intermediate data products of workflow executions should be seen as first-class objects that need to be curated and published. Not only will this be exploited to save time and resources needed when re-executing

    更新日期:2020-06-30
  • VocBench 3: A collaborative Semantic Web editor for ontologies, thesauri and lexicons
    Semant. Web (IF 3.182) Pub Date : 2020-05-04
    Armando Stellato; Manuel Fiorelli; Andrea Turbati; Tiziano Lorenzetti; Willem van Gemert; Denis Dechandon; Christine Laaboudi-Spoiden; Anikó Gerencsér; Anne Waniart; Eugeniu Costetchi; Johannes Keizer

    VocBench is an open source web platform for the collaborative development of datasets complying with Semantic Web standards. Since its public release – five years ago – as an open source platform, VocBench has attracted a growing user community consisting of public organizations, companies and independent users looking for open source solutions for maintaining their thesauri, code lists and authority

    更新日期:2020-06-30
  • Weather data publication on the LOD using SOSA/SSN ontology
    Semant. Web (IF 3.182) Pub Date : 2020-04-30
    Catherine Roussey; Stephan Bernard; Géraldine André; Daniel Boffety

    This paper presents an RDF dataset of meteorological measurements. The measurements come from one weather station at the Irstea experimental farm located in Montoldre. The measurements have been made from August 2018 until now. They have been transformed and published as Linked Open Data (LOD). Thedata schema is based on the new version of the Semantic Sensor Network ontology. This ontology version

    更新日期:2020-06-30
  • Large-scale semantic exploration of scientific literature using topic-based hashing algorithms
    Semant. Web (IF 3.182) Pub Date : 2020-04-30
    Carlos Badenes-Olmedo; José Luis Redondo-García; Oscar Corcho

    Searching for similar documents and exploring major themes covered across groups of documents are common activities when browsing collections of scientific papers. This manual knowledge-intensive task can become less tedious and even lead to unexpected relevant findings if unsupervised algorithms are applied to help researchers. Most text mining algorithms represent documents in a common feature space

    更新日期:2020-06-30
  • A decade of Semantic Web research through the lenses of a mixed methods approach
    Semant. Web (IF 3.182) Pub Date : 2020-04-23
    Sabrina Kirrane; Marta Sabou; Javier D. Fernández; Francesco Osborne; Cécile Robin; Paul Buitelaar; Enrico Motta; Axel Polleres

    The identification of research topics and trends is an important scientometric activity, as it can help guide the direction of future research. In the Semantic Web area, initially topic and trend detection was primarily performed through qualitative, top-down style approaches, that rely on expert knowledge. More recently, data-driven, bottom-up approaches have been proposed that offer a quantitative

    更新日期:2020-06-30
  • SQuAP-Ont: An ontology of software quality relational factors from financial systems
    Semant. Web (IF 3.182) Pub Date : 2020-04-22
    Paolo Ciancarini; Andrea Giovanni Nuzzolese; Valentina Presutti; Daniel Russo

    Quality, architecture, and process are considered the keystones of software engineering. ISO defines them in three separate standards. However, their interaction has been scarcely studied, so far. The SQuAP model (Software Quality, Architecture, Process) describes twenty-eight main factors that impact on software quality in banking systems, and each factor is described as a relation among some characteristics

    更新日期:2020-06-30
  • Data-driven assessment of structural evolution of RDF graphs
    Semant. Web (IF 3.182) Pub Date : 2020-04-17
    Carlos Bobed; Pierre Maillot; Peggy Cellier; Sébastien Ferré

    Since the birth of the Semantic Web, numerous knowledge bases have appeared. The applications that exploit them rely on the quality of their data through time. In this regard, one of the main dimensions of data quality is conformance to the expected usage of the vocabulary. However, the vocabularyusage (i.e., how classes and properties are actually populated) can vary from one base to another. Moreover

    更新日期:2020-04-17
  • Automatic detection of relation assertion errors and induction of relation constraints
    Semant. Web (IF 3.182) Pub Date : 2020-04-17
    Andre Melo; Heiko Paulheim

    Although the link prediction problem, where missing relation assertions are predicted, has been widely researched, error detection did not receive as much attention. In this paper, we investigate the problem of error detection in relation assertions of knowledge graphs, and we propose an error detection method which relies on path and type features used by a classifier for every relation in the graph

    更新日期:2020-04-17
  • Combining RDF and SPARQL with CP-theories to reason about preferences in a Linked Data setting
    Semant. Web (IF 3.182) Pub Date : 2020-04-14
    Vito Walter Anelli; Renato De Leone; Tommaso Di Noia; Thomas Lukasiewicz; Jessica Rosati

    Preference representation and reasoning play a central role in supporting users with complex and multi-factorial decision processes. In fact, user tastes can be used to filter information and data in a personalized way, thus maximizing their expected utility. Over the years, many frameworks and languages have been proposed to deal with user preferences. Among them, one of the most prominent formalism

    更新日期:2020-04-14
  • Towards a question answering system over the Semantic Web
    Semant. Web (IF 3.182) Pub Date : 2020-04-14
    Dennis Diefenbach; Andreas Both; Kamal Singh; Pierre Maret

    With the development of the Semantic Web, a lot of new structured data has become available on the Web in the form of knowledge bases (KBs). Making this valuable data accessible and usable for end-users is one of the main goals of question answering (QA) over KBs. Most current QA systems query oneKB, in one language (namely English). The existing approaches are not designed to be easily adaptable to

    更新日期:2020-04-14
  • Completeness and soundness guarantees for conjunctive SPARQL queries over RDF data sources with completeness statements
    Semant. Web (IF 3.182) Pub Date : 2020-04-14
    Fariz Darari; Werner Nutt; Simon Razniewski; Sebastian Rudolph

    RDF generally follows the open-world assumption: information is incomplete by default. Consequently, SPARQL queries cannot retrieve with certainty complete answers, and even worse, when they involve negation, it is unclear whether they produce sound answers. Nevertheless, there is hope to lift thislimitation. On many specific topics (e.g., children of Trump, Apollo 11 crew, EU founders), RDF data sources

    更新日期:2020-04-14
  • A comparison of object-triple mapping libraries
    Semant. Web (IF 3.182) Pub Date : 2020-04-14
    Martin Ledvinka; Petr Křemen

    Domain-independent information systems like ontology editors provide only limited usability for non-experts when domain-specific linked data need to be created. On the contrary, domain-specific applications require adequate architecture for data authoring and validation, typically using the object-oriented paradigm. So far, several software libraries mapping the RDF model (representing linked data)

    更新日期:2020-04-14
  • Semantic modeling for engineering data analytics solutions
    Semant. Web (IF 3.182) Pub Date : 2020-04-14
    Madhushi Bandara; Fethi A. Rabhi

    Data Analytics Solution (DAS) engineering often involves multiple tasks from data exploration to result presentation which are applied in various contexts and on different datasets. Semantic modeling based on the open world assumption supports flexible modeling of linked knowledge. The objective ofthis paper is to review existing techniques that leverage semantic web technologies to tackle challenges

    更新日期:2020-04-14
  • Learning expressive linkage rules from sparse data
    Semant. Web (IF 3.182) Pub Date : 2020-04-14
    Petar Petrovski; Christian Bizer

    A central problem in the context of the Web of Data as well as in data integration in general is to identify entities in different data sources that describe the same real-world object. There exists a large body of research on entity resolution. Interestingly, most of the existing research focuseson entity resolution on dense data, meaning data that does not contain too many missing values. This paper

    更新日期:2020-04-14
  • Discovery of Emerging Design Patterns in Ontologies Using Tree Mining.
    Semant. Web (IF 3.182) Pub Date : 2018-12-07
    Agnieszka Ławrynowicz,Jedrzej Potoniec,Michał Robaczyk,Tania Tudorache

    The research goal of this work is to investigate modeling patterns that recur in ontologies. Such patterns may originate from certain design solutions, and they may possibly indicate emerging ontology design patterns. We describe our tree-mining method for identifying the emerging design patterns. The method works in two steps: (1) we transform the ontology axioms in a tree shape in order to find axiom

    更新日期:2019-11-01
  • A Systematic Analysis of Term Reuse and Term Overlap across Biomedical Ontologies.
    Semant. Web (IF 3.182) Pub Date : 2017-08-19
    Maulik R Kamdar,Tania Tudorache,Mark A Musen

    Reusing ontologies and their terms is a principle and best practice that most ontology development methodologies strongly encourage. Reuse comes with the promise to support the semantic interoperability and to reduce engineering costs. In this paper, we present a descriptive study of the current extent of term reuse and overlap among biomedical ontologies. We use the corpus of biomedical ontologies

    更新日期:2019-11-01
  • Using ontologies to model human navigation behavior in information networks: A study based on Wikipedia.
    Semant. Web (IF 3.182) Pub Date : 2015-11-17
    Daniel Lamprecht,Markus Strohmaier,Denis Helic,Csongor Nyulas,Tania Tudorache,Natalya F Noy,Mark A Musen

    The need to examine the behavior of different user groups is a fundamental requirement when building information systems. In this paper, we present Ontology-based Decentralized Search (OBDS), a novel method to model the navigation behavior of users equipped with different types of background knowledge. Ontology-based Decentralized Search combines decentralized search, an established method for navigation

    更新日期:2019-11-01
  • WebProtégé: A Collaborative Ontology Editor and Knowledge Acquisition Tool for the Web.
    Semant. Web (IF 3.182) Pub Date : 2013-06-29
    Tania Tudorache,Csongor Nyulas,Natalya F Noy,Mark A Musen

    In this paper, we present WebProtégé-a lightweight ontology editor and knowledge acquisition tool for the Web. With the wide adoption of Web 2.0 platforms and the gradual adoption of ontologies and Semantic Web technologies in the real world, we need ontology-development tools that are better suited for the novel ways of interacting, constructing and consuming knowledge. Users today take Web-based

    更新日期:2019-11-01
  • BioPortal as a Dataset of Linked Biomedical Ontologies and Terminologies in RDF.
    Semant. Web (IF 3.182) Pub Date : 2013-01-01
    Manuel Salvadores,Paul R Alexander,Mark A Musen,Natalya F Noy

    BioPortal is a repository of biomedical ontologies-the largest such repository, with more than 300 ontologies to date. This set includes ontologies that were developed in OWL, OBO and other formats, as well as a large number of medical terminologies that the US National Library of Medicine distributes in its own proprietary format. We have published the RDF version of all these ontologies at http://sparql

    更新日期:2019-11-01
  • Continuous top-k approximated join of streaming and evolving distributed data
    Semant. Web (IF 3.182) Pub Date : 2019-10-17
    Shima Zahmatkesh; Emanuele Della Valle

    Continuously finding the most relevant (shortly, top-k) answer of a query that joins streaming and distributed data is getting a growing attention. In recent years, this is in particular happening in Social Media and IoT. It is well known that, in those settings, remaining reactive can be challenging, because accessing the distributed data can be highly time consuming as well as rate-limited. In this

    更新日期:2019-10-17
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