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  • School Finance During the Pandemic: How are States Responding?
    Journal of Education Finance Pub Date : 2021-04-01
    Henry Tran, David Buckman, Tyrone Bynoe, Randall S. Vesely

    In lieu of an abstract, here is a brief excerpt of the content: School Finance During the PandemicHow are States Responding? Henry Tran (bio), David Buckman (bio), Tyrone Bynoe (bio), and Randall S. Vesely (bio) The COVID-19 pandemic has had far reaching economic impacts, with the aftershocks only beginning to manifest for school finance. Even prior to the crisis, the vast majority of US public school

  • Alabama
    Journal of Education Finance Pub Date : 2021-04-01
    Brenda Mendiola, Philip Westbrook

    In lieu of an abstract, here is a brief excerpt of the content: Alabama Brenda Mendiola (bio) and Philip Westbrook (bio) Prior to the onset of COVID-19, Alabama was experiencing robust economic growth resulting in an estimated revenue increase for the Education Trust Fund of 4.46 percent for FY 2020.1 In February 2020, the unemployment rate was 2.7 percent, below the US average.2 Like all other states

  • Alaska
    Journal of Education Finance Pub Date : 2021-04-01
    Amy Dagley

    In lieu of an abstract, here is a brief excerpt of the content: Alaska Amy Dagley (bio) Alaska's main sources of revenue comes from investment earnings, oil revenue, and federal funding. Alaska is the only state that has neither a state sales tax nor an individual income tax. Appropriations from the legislature for P-12 funding are distributed to 53 public school districts by the Department of Education

  • Arizona
    Journal of Education Finance Pub Date : 2021-04-01
    Davíd G. Martínez

    In lieu of an abstract, here is a brief excerpt of the content: Arizona Davíd G. Martínez (bio) funding priorities for p-12 and/or higher education Since the Great Recession, the Arizona Legislature and Governor Doug Ducey have attempted to address educational revenue cuts, including district additional assistance (DAA)/charter additional assistance (CAA), through legislative resolutions. From FY 2009

  • Arkansas
    Journal of Education Finance Pub Date : 2021-04-01
    Steve Bounds

    In lieu of an abstract, here is a brief excerpt of the content: Arkansas Steve Bounds (bio) funding priorities/trends for p-12 and/or higher education Arkansas is a very-low-income state. Using most measures of income, Arkansas is regularly ranked as one of the three poorest states in the nation. In 1945, Arkansas passed the Revenue Stabilization Law which limits the ability of the state to have budget

  • California
    Journal of Education Finance Pub Date : 2021-04-01
    Mazen Aziz, Oscar Jimenez-Castellanos

    In lieu of an abstract, here is a brief excerpt of the content: California Mazen Aziz (bio) and Oscar Jimenez-Castellanos (bio) funding priorities for p-12 and/or higher education Governor Newsome signed California's Budget Act for the FY 2020-21 on June 29, 2020. The budget constitutes a $202.1 billion spending plan, which bridges a $54.3 billion shortfall caused by the COVID-19 recession, reflecting

  • Colorado
    Journal of Education Finance Pub Date : 2021-04-01
    Tommy E. Jackson, Tamela C. Thomas

    In lieu of an abstract, here is a brief excerpt of the content: Colorado Tommy E. Jackson (bio) and Tamela C. Thomas (bio) Colorado's budget lists $31.7 billion as the amount for total funds in its state. Analyst suggests the figure is closer to $30.3 billion due to double-counted dollars and exclusion of spending on state capital projects.1 The current budget requires three percent less spending than

  • Connecticut
    Journal of Education Finance Pub Date : 2021-04-01
    Sharda Jackson Smith

    In lieu of an abstract, here is a brief excerpt of the content: Connecticut Sharda Jackson Smith (bio) and funding priorities for p-12 and higher education In the latest state budget, Connecticut continued to embrace the idea of shared services, models of consolidation, and fiscal savings across districts. Ned Lamont, the Connecticut Governor, laid out the state priority, noting that over 26 percent

  • Delaware
    Journal of Education Finance Pub Date : 2021-04-01
    Tommy E. Jackson

    In lieu of an abstract, here is a brief excerpt of the content: Delaware Tommy E. Jackson (bio) Delaware Governor, John Carney, signed the 2021 operating budget of $4.5 billion. The budget grew 2.1 percent, including over $50 million in grants-in-aid and over $700 million attributed to the Bond & Capital Improvements Act.1 The approved budget did not cut jobs, nor did the budget impose new taxes on

  • Florida
    Journal of Education Finance Pub Date : 2021-04-01
    Lou L. Sabina

    In lieu of an abstract, here is a brief excerpt of the content: Florida Lou L. Sabina (bio) 2020 has been a year of ups and downs for educational finance in the State of Florida. COVID-19 has impacted what current Governor, Republican Ron DeSantis, forecasted to be the year of the teacher, in which starting teacher salaries were to be raised to $47,500 across the entire state.1 While COVID-19 delayed

  • Georgia
    Journal of Education Finance Pub Date : 2021-04-01
    David G. Buckman

    In lieu of an abstract, here is a brief excerpt of the content: Georgia David G. Buckman (bio) priorities and pressing state issues affecting p-12/higher education Recently, congress passed the $2 trillion federal Coronavirus Aid, Relief, and Economic Security (CARES) Act which included an allocation of $14.2 billion for higher education. It has been reported that the 26 University System of Georgia's

  • Hawaii
    Journal of Education Finance Pub Date : 2021-04-01
    Yvette Bynum, Brenda Mendiola

    In lieu of an abstract, here is a brief excerpt of the content: Hawaii Yvette Bynum (bio) and Brenda Mendiola (bio) Hawaii is a single school district state operating under the direction of a Board of Education with members appointed by the governor. Funds are distributed from the state level to local schools using a weighted formula that provides a dollar amount per student and additional funds for

  • Idaho
    Journal of Education Finance Pub Date : 2021-04-01
    Clay Webber

    In lieu of an abstract, here is a brief excerpt of the content: Idaho Clay Webber (bio) The state of Idaho ranks second to last in the level of per-pupil expenditures, beating only Utah. Over the last several years there has been an increase in education funding in the amount of $500 million. An additional increase in education funding was approved in the 2020 legislative session. Unfortunately, the

  • Illinois
    Journal of Education Finance Pub Date : 2021-04-01
    Alyssia Benford

    In lieu of an abstract, here is a brief excerpt of the content: Illinois Alyssia Benford (bio) funding priorities for p-12 Over three years ago, Illinois signed into law Public Act 100-04651. The Evidence-Based funding model (EBF) for Student Success Act was passed on August 31, 2017 and changed the state funding model for Illinois. School districts began receiving EBF funding immediately after the

  • Indiana
    Journal of Education Finance Pub Date : 2021-04-01
    Scott Rodger Sweetland

    In lieu of an abstract, here is a brief excerpt of the content: Indiana Scott Rodger Sweetland (bio) funding priorities The education priority in Indiana grew from $11.11 billion of $31.6 billion total appropriations in FY 2016 to $11.75 billion of $39.2 billion total appropriations in FY 2020.1 Total appropriations grew by 24.1 percent for the period; education appropriations grew by 5.8 percent.

  • Iowa
    Journal of Education Finance Pub Date : 2021-04-01
    Jeffrey A. Fletcher, Jan Friedel

    In lieu of an abstract, here is a brief excerpt of the content: Iowa Jeffrey A. Fletcher (bio) and Jan Friedel (bio) background The 2nd session of the 88th General Assembly began on January 13, 2020, then became suspended on March 19, 2020, but before doing so, passed SF 2408 and was signed by the governor to provide immediate emergency measures, supplemental appropriations, and a waiver for instructional

  • Kansas
    Journal of Education Finance Pub Date : 2021-04-01
    Corey Funderburg, Spencer D. Stone

    In lieu of an abstract, here is a brief excerpt of the content: Kansas Corey Funderburg (bio) and Spencer D. Stone (bio) funding priorities for p-12 and/or higher education Most state funding pays for instruction or other costs that are associated with the support of teachers and students. After years of lawsuits over state education funding, the Kansas state legislature approved the passage of SB19

  • Kentucky
    Journal of Education Finance Pub Date : 2021-04-01
    William E. Thro

    In lieu of an abstract, here is a brief excerpt of the content: Kentucky William E. Thro (bio) funding priorities for p-12 and/or higher education When the Kentucky General Assembly met in January 2020, there major funding priorities were (1) an increase in teacher salary; (2) an increase in higher education funding; (3) increased per pupil funding; and (4) further pension reform. However, the Covid

  • Louisiana
    Journal of Education Finance Pub Date : 2021-04-01
    Sharda Jackson Smith, Venice M. Adams

    In lieu of an abstract, here is a brief excerpt of the content: Louisiana Sharda Jackson Smith (bio) and Venice M. Adams (bio) funding priorities for p-12 and higher education After years of standstill funding and cuts to P-12 and Higher Education (HE), state officials in Louisiana have provided much-needed investment in education. Governor Edwards' FY 2021 budget includes $25 million in new funding

  • Maine
    Journal of Education Finance Pub Date : 2021-04-01
    Sharda Jackson Smith

    In lieu of an abstract, here is a brief excerpt of the content: Maine Sharda Jackson Smith (bio) funding priorities for p-12 and higher education Governor Janet Mills presented her Biennial Budget1 prioritizing areas such as voluntary universal Pre-K, $18.5 million for Child Development Services, teacher salaries greater than $40 thousand, and $3 million in Scholarship Funds. The Governor later proposed

  • Maryland
    Journal of Education Finance Pub Date : 2021-04-01
    Chelsea Lyles

    In lieu of an abstract, here is a brief excerpt of the content: Maryland Chelsea Lyles (bio) In January 2020, Republican Governor Larry Hogan became the most popular governor in the United States with a 75 percent overall approval rating among Maryland voters in a majority Democratic state.1 At the time, Maryland voters placed crime as the top issue for the state, with education ranked second. Faced

  • Massachusetts
    Journal of Education Finance Pub Date : 2021-04-01
    Tyrone Bynoe

    In lieu of an abstract, here is a brief excerpt of the content: Massachusetts Tyrone Bynoe (bio) funding priorities for 9-20 Of his recommended allocation in January 2019 for secondary and elementary education during FY 2020, Governor Charlie Baker signed into law on July 31, 2019 $5,176,002,652 or 67 percent of this fund for Chapter 70 payments for the state's foundation program. Massachusetts allocates

  • Michigan
    Journal of Education Finance Pub Date : 2021-04-01
    Brett A. Geier

    In lieu of an abstract, here is a brief excerpt of the content: Michigan Brett A. Geier (bio) The COVID-19 pandemic created a major downturn in the Michigan economy as Governor Whitmer exercised her emergency powers to shutter most of the businesses in Michigan for a small period. Some of the businesses were allowed to reopen but with many protections in place and limited capacity. These restrictions

  • Minnesota
    Journal of Education Finance Pub Date : 2021-04-01
    Nicola A. Alexander

    In lieu of an abstract, here is a brief excerpt of the content: Minnesota Nicola A. Alexander (bio) Minnesota has a biennial budget, where the governor makes proposals to the operating budget in odd years, with proposed capital expenditures made in even years; supplements to the previous budget are typical. This fiscal year is anything but typical with the onslaught of the novel corona virus, COVID-19

  • Mississippi
    Journal of Education Finance Pub Date : 2021-04-01
    Joshua A. Money, Spencer D. Stone

    In lieu of an abstract, here is a brief excerpt of the content: Mississippi Joshua A. Money (bio) and Spencer D. Stone (bio) funding priorities for p-12 and/or higher education There are five major budget areas for public education in Mississippi: General Education, Chickasaw Interest, Vocational Education (CTE), Mississippi Schools for the Blind and Deaf, Mississippi Adequate Education Program (MAEP)

  • Missouri
    Journal of Education Finance Pub Date : 2021-04-01
    Lisa Lambert Snodgrass

    In lieu of an abstract, here is a brief excerpt of the content: Missouri Lisa Lambert Snodgrass (bio) In April 2020, Missouri Governor Mike Parson's proposed FY 2021 budget was optimistic, calling for an increase of one percent of in-state funding for both P-12 and Higher Education over the full finding of the FY 2020 budget. This optimism was not to last however. Due to the COVID-19 pandemic, public

  • Montana
    Journal of Education Finance Pub Date : 2021-04-01
    Kiara L. Sabina

    In lieu of an abstract, here is a brief excerpt of the content: Montana Kiara L. Sabina (bio) Montana shifted educational funding during 2020 to face challenges associated with COVID-19. Priorities included improved technology across the entire state, child-care support for families impacted by COVID-19, and an increased focus on higher education. Additionally, Montana is currently in the midst of

  • Nebraska
    Journal of Education Finance Pub Date : 2021-04-01
    Barbara LaCost, Clayton Waddle

    In lieu of an abstract, here is a brief excerpt of the content: Nebraska Barbara LaCost (bio) and Clayton Waddle (bio) funding priorities for higher education The state colleges and university system faced some challenges this year as contingency plans have been made to deal with COVID-19. With the passage of the 2020-2021 operating budget, the University of Nebraska proposed a $43 million reduction

  • Nevada
    Journal of Education Finance Pub Date : 2021-04-01
    Davíd G. Martínez

    In lieu of an abstract, here is a brief excerpt of the content: Nevada Davíd G. Martínez (bio) funding priorities for p-12 and/or higher education The state of Nevada had two special sessions in 2020, 31st and 32nd Special Sessions. Both special sessions were convened due to what the state legislature saw as extraordinary fiscal circumstances resulting from the global COVID-19 pandemic and its associated

  • New Hampshire
    Journal of Education Finance Pub Date : 2021-04-01
    Sharda Jackson Smith

    In lieu of an abstract, here is a brief excerpt of the content: New Hampshire Sharda Jackson Smith (bio) funding priorities for p-12 and higher education New Hampshire pursued a robust amount of significant initiatives concerning tax liability, per-pupil expenditures, and the funding formula calculation. Recent legislative text ranged from Kindergarten funding1 to school building aid2. Centered on

  • New Jersey
    Journal of Education Finance Pub Date : 2021-04-01
    Luke J. Stedrak, Melissa Swietlicki

    In lieu of an abstract, here is a brief excerpt of the content: New Jersey Luke J. Stedrak (bio) and Melissa Swietlicki (bio) funding priorities/trends for p-12 and/or higher education Funding priorities have shifted in response to the COVID-19 pandemic. Governor Murphy established statewide standards in June 2020 for the reopening of schools, controlled through Executive Orders, which have placed

  • New Mexico
    Journal of Education Finance Pub Date : 2021-04-01
    Davíd G. Martínez

    In lieu of an abstract, here is a brief excerpt of the content: New Mexico Davíd G. Martínez (bio) funding priorities for p-12 and/or higher education During 2020, New Mexico held two legislative sessions, 54th Legislature, 2nd Regular Session. New Mexico also held the First Special Session of the 54th Legislature, to address a 2020-2021 $2.4 billion SARS-CoV-2 (COVID-19) budget deficit. Governor Lujan

  • New York
    Journal of Education Finance Pub Date : 2021-04-01
    Osnat Zaken

    In lieu of an abstract, here is a brief excerpt of the content: New York Osnat Zaken (bio) New York State FY 2021 began on April 1, 2020 and ends on March 31, 2021. All Funds spending is $178 billion for FY 2021.1 funding priorities for p-12 and higher education The plan is to increase Education Aid to $28.5 billion with an additional $826 million and fix inequity in funding formula to provide more

  • North Carolina
    Journal of Education Finance Pub Date : 2021-04-01
    Eric Houck, Walter Hart, Jim Watson

    In lieu of an abstract, here is a brief excerpt of the content: North Carolina Eric Houck (bio), Walter Hart (bio), and Jim Watson (bio) funding priorities for p-12 North Carolina is operating under a continuing budget resolution that bases funding on 2018 levels due to a budget impasse between the Democratic Governor and the Republican-led General Assembly. Governor Cooper vetoed the 2019 legislative

  • Ohio
    Journal of Education Finance Pub Date : 2021-04-01
    Randall S. Vesely

    In lieu of an abstract, here is a brief excerpt of the content: Ohio Randall S. Vesely (bio) funding priorities for p-12 and higher education Primary and Secondary Education Ohio public school funding for FY 2020 and FY 2021 is expected to increase from $9.7 billion in FY 2019, to $10.08 billion and $10.11 respectively. Gov. Mike DeWine is prioritizing on "student wellness and success" by investing

  • Oklahoma
    Journal of Education Finance Pub Date : 2021-04-01
    Rex Wall, Jeffrey Maiden

    In lieu of an abstract, here is a brief excerpt of the content: Oklahoma Rex Wall (bio) and Jeffrey Maiden (bio) funding priorities for p-12 and higher education In the spring of 2020, Oklahoma experienced a substantial revenue shortfall due to the onset of the COVID-19 epidemic.1 The decrease in revenue and resulting cuts to all state agencies, including common, P-12, and higher education mean the

  • Oregon
    Journal of Education Finance Pub Date : 2021-04-01
    Anna Peters

    In lieu of an abstract, here is a brief excerpt of the content: Oregon Anna Peters (bio) The Oregon 2019-2021 biennial budget began July 1st, 2019, and will end June 30th, 2021. During this biennium, Oregon proposed tax increases to help cover rising costs, however, the COVID-19 pandemic has impeded progress in this effort. funding priorities The Oregon Department of Education is primarily focused

  • Pennsylvania
    Journal of Education Finance Pub Date : 2021-04-01
    Matthew Gardner Kelly, F. Frank Ayata, Jeremy Anderson

    In lieu of an abstract, here is a brief excerpt of the content: Pennsylvania Matthew Gardner Kelly (bio), F. Frank Ayata (bio), and Jeremy Anderson (bio) funding priorities for p-12 and higher education The education appropriation for the 2020-21 fiscal year is $13.5 billion, a three percent decrease over the 2019-20 fiscal year.1 This figure includes funding for P-12 education, public libraries, community

  • Rhode Island
    Journal of Education Finance Pub Date : 2021-04-01
    Jacob D. Skousen

    In lieu of an abstract, here is a brief excerpt of the content: Rhode Island Jacob D. Skousen (bio) Approximately a decade ago, the Rhode Island state legislature reformed their state's public schools funding formula. This reform included novel principles to the ways in which funding "follow[ed]" students and a mechanism allowing "for disproportion in funding for local education agencies (LEAs) considering

  • South Carolina
    Journal of Education Finance Pub Date : 2021-04-01
    Mazen Aziz, Sharda Jackson Smith

    In lieu of an abstract, here is a brief excerpt of the content: South Carolina Mazen Aziz (bio) and Sharda Jackson Smith (bio) funding priorities for p-12 and/or higher education The State's FY 2020-21 budget projected a $2 billion surplus compared to the previous FY, reflecting the most considerable annual revenue growth in the State's history. However, the COVID-19 pandemic outbreak resulted in historic

  • South Dakota
    Journal of Education Finance Pub Date : 2021-04-01
    Seth Meier, Jeffrey Maiden

    In lieu of an abstract, here is a brief excerpt of the content: South Dakota Seth Meier (bio) and Jeffrey Maiden (bio) funding priorities for south dakota p-12 and higher education It has been three years since the legislature passed Governor Daugaard and the Blue Ribbon Task Force's proposed education funding bills (HB1182, SB131, and SB133), known as The Blue Ribbon Legislation, which was created

  • Tennessee
    Journal of Education Finance Pub Date : 2021-04-01
    Lisa G. Driscoll

    In lieu of an abstract, here is a brief excerpt of the content: Tennessee Lisa G. Driscoll funding priorities The FY 21 budget process in the 2020 Tennessee legislature began in February with the governor's initial $40.8 billion proposed budget which was $1.5 billion (3.7 percent) higher than the FY 20 budget with state revenue expenditures 6.0 percent higher or $1.1 billion.1 Substantial funding was

  • Texas
    Journal of Education Finance Pub Date : 2021-04-01
    Ken Helvey, Oscar Jimenez-Castellanos

    In lieu of an abstract, here is a brief excerpt of the content: Texas Ken Helvey (bio) and Oscar Jimenez-Castellanos (bio) funding priorities for p-12 By 2018, the system had 5.385 million public and public charter students, 59 percent of whom are economically disadvantaged and 18.9 percent considered to be limited English proficient (Snapshot, 2018). The 86th Texas Legislature passed the most comprehensive

  • Utah
    Journal of Education Finance Pub Date : 2021-04-01
    Arvin Johnson

    In lieu of an abstract, here is a brief excerpt of the content: Utah Arvin Johnson (bio) funding priorities for p-121 and/or higher education P-12 • Student enrollment growth funded at $50.6 million, 35 percent increase • $20.6 million in new funds for the Teacher and Student Success Account (TSSA) • $30 million for one-time school level student and school safety priorities • $200,000 for teacher recruitment

  • Vermont
    Journal of Education Finance Pub Date : 2021-04-01
    F. Frank Ayata, Matthew Gardner Kelly, Jeremy Anderson

    In lieu of an abstract, here is a brief excerpt of the content: Vermont F. Frank Ayata (bio), Matthew Gardner Kelly (bio), and Jeremy Anderson (bio) funding priorities for p-12 and higher education Vermont funds its school districts based largely on a state-based property tax as opposed to local taxes. Many school districts faced funding uncertainty when the pandemic shut down the state and delayed

  • Virginia
    Journal of Education Finance Pub Date : 2021-04-01
    William Owings, Leslie S. Kaplan

    In lieu of an abstract, here is a brief excerpt of the content: Virginia1 William Owings (bio) and Leslie S. Kaplan (bio) background In April 2020, the General Assembly (GA) adopted a $135 billion budget amid early warnings of COVID-19. Later in April, $2.2 billion in new spending was "unallocated" – still in the budget but could not be spent. The Governor recalled the GA for a special session (August

  • Washington
    Journal of Education Finance Pub Date : 2021-04-01
    Tommy E. Jackson

    In lieu of an abstract, here is a brief excerpt of the content: Washington Tommy E. Jackson (bio) Washington ratifies budgets on a two-year cycle, beginning on July 1 of every odd year. The previously approved budget from 2019-2021 will be in effect from July 1, 2019, to June 30, 2021. Last spring, Governor Jay Inslee and the Washington Legislature ratified a two-year state budget that will expand

  • Washington DC
    Journal of Education Finance Pub Date : 2021-04-01
    Philip Westbrook

    In lieu of an abstract, here is a brief excerpt of the content: Washington DC Philip Westbrook The District of Columbia (DC) operates two separate school districts: The District of Columbia Public School System (DCPS) and the District of Columbia Public Charter School District (DCPCS). The DCPS operates as the traditional public school district. In 2019, DCPS served over 51,000 students, or 54 percent

  • West Virginia
    Journal of Education Finance Pub Date : 2021-04-01
    Rick Ferris, Randy Vesely

    In lieu of an abstract, here is a brief excerpt of the content: West Virginia Rick Ferris and Randy Vesely overview The COVID crisis has highlighted the disparities and challenges that are faced by so many students in West Virginia (WV). Access to reliable broadband and food insecurity exacerbated by schools moving online are identified as acute challenges. In addition to poverty, geography also hinders

  • Wisconsin
    Journal of Education Finance Pub Date : 2021-04-01
    Lisa Lambert Snodgrass

    In lieu of an abstract, here is a brief excerpt of the content: Wisconsin Lisa Lambert Snodgrass The 2019-2021 budget, passed in 2019, was an improvement on past funding allocations for both P-12 and Higher Education statewide and the outlook for continued growth, specifically for education allocations, was high; however, the 2020 and the 2020-2021 education budget allocations have been heavily impacted

  • Wyoming
    Journal of Education Finance Pub Date : 2021-04-01
    Neil Theobald

    In lieu of an abstract, here is a brief excerpt of the content: Wyoming Neil Theobald funding priorities for p-12 education In 1995, the Wyoming Supreme Court unanimously declared the state's entire K-12 school finance system—including school capital construction—unconstitutional in Campbell County v. State (907 P.2d 1238). The Court stated that funding differences among school districts had to be

  • The Influence of the Adoption of a School District Four Day Instructional Week on Teacher Retention
    Journal of Education Finance Pub Date : 2021-03-10
    Jeffrey Maiden, H. Michael Crowson, Channa Byerly

    In lieu of an abstract, here is a brief excerpt of the content: The Influence of the Adoption of a School District Four Day Instructional Week on Teacher Retention Jeffrey Maiden (bio), H. Michael Crowson (bio), and Channa Byerly (bio) introduction A primary purpose of common education is to ensure high quality learning for all children, and a good education is predicated on high quality teachers in

  • The Effects of California's School Finance Reform: Empirical Evidence from the Local Control Funding Formula (LCFF)
    Journal of Education Finance Pub Date : 2021-03-10
    Qin Fan, Jiaochen Liang

    abstract: Most previous empirical studies of school finance reforms focus on those that took place before 1990. We employ a difference-in-difference model using school district-level panel data from 2009 to 2016 to examine the effects of California's unique and most recent statewide school finance reform—Local Control Funding Formula (LCFF), enacted in 2013. We find positive effects of LCFF on student

  • The Flypaper Effect: Methods, Magnitudes, and Mechanisms
    Journal of Education Finance Pub Date : 2021-03-10
    Phuong Nguyen-Hoang, John Yinger

    abstract: The flypaper effect exists if intergovernmental aid worth $1 to voters has a larger impact on public service demand than $1 of household income. In this paper, we review the methodology required to estimate flypaper effects in the demand for local public education, provide new flypaper effect estimates, and survey behavioral explanations for the flypaper effect. We estimate a flypaper effect

  • Nuclear Reaction: The History of Financing a Rural Ohio School District Heavily Exposed to Nuclear Power Plant Valuation from 1970-2020
    Journal of Education Finance Pub Date : 2021-03-10
    Guy L. Parmigian

    abstract: This historical case study is about financing a rural school district who hosted a nuclear power plant within its geographic boundaries, and who relied heavily on the ad valorem taxation of the plant for revenues. The host school district's extraordinary reliance on the nuclear power plant for revenues meant that it was highly exposed to ebbs and flows in market conditions that impacted the

  • Federal Spending for Higher Education: The Impact of Budget Reconciliation
    Journal of Education Finance Pub Date : 2021-03-10
    John Lucas Adair, Stephen G. Katsinas, Phillip D. Grant, Nathaniel Bray

    abstract: This secondary data analysis of federal budget data sought to understand the impact of U.S. Senate reconciliation measures on higher education funding. Reconciliation is a process by which the U.S. Senate passes budgetary measures by only requiring a simple majority. Using data from federal budgets that stretched from the end of the Carter administration to the end of the Obama administration

  • Examining the Impact of State Level Merit-Aid Policies on Advanced Placement Participation
    Journal of Education Finance Pub Date : 2016-01-01
    Dennis A. Kramer

    This study examines the impact of merit-aid programs on secondary course taking patterns. Specifically, this study uses difference-in-differences to analyze state-level AdvancedPlacement (AP) participation and examination data pre and post merit-aid adoption. Results indicate increases in AP participation and number of total examinations after the adoption for merit-aid program who initial eligibility

  • Designing Incentives for Public School Teachers: Evidence from a Texas Incentive Pay Program
    Journal of Education Finance Pub Date : 2016-01-01
    Matthew G. Springer, Lori L. Taylor

    Pay-for-performance is a popular public education reform, but there is little evidence about the characteristics of a well-designed incentive pay plan for teachers. Some of the literature suggests that effective incentive plans must offer relatively large awards to induce behavioral changes. On the other hand, the experimental economics literature suggests that plans with only a handful of awardees

  • Does Performance-Based Funding Affect Colleges’ Financial Priorities?
    Journal of Education Finance Pub Date : 2016-01-01
    Robert Kelchen, Luke J. Stedrak

    State-level performance-based funding (PBF) policies are an increasingly common way to allocate funds to public colleges and universities. While a growing body of research has examined whether these policies are effective in improving student outcomes, little is known about how colleges respond to PBF policies. In this paper, we examine whether two-year and four-year colleges subject to PBF change

  • Local Tax Limits, Student Achievement, and School-Finance Equalization
    Journal of Education Finance Pub Date : 2016-01-01
    Matthew Davis, Andrea Vedder, Joe Stone

    Evidence that local tax and expenditure limits (TELs) for public K-12 schools lower student achievement is widely attributed to the effects of reduced funding, but our results cast doubt on reduced funding as the primary explanation for negative effects of TELs and instead suggest the importance of the predictability of funding. Students in districts subject to more severe local tax limits in Oregon

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