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  • Which politicians receive abuse? Four factors illuminated in the UK general election 2019
    EPJ Data Sci. (IF 2.873) Pub Date : 2020-07-02
    Genevieve Gorrell, Mehmet E. Bakir, Ian Roberts, Mark A. Greenwood, Kalina Bontcheva

    The 2019 UK general election took place against a background of rising online hostility levels toward politicians, and concerns about the impact of this on democracy, as a record number of politicians cited the abuse they had been receiving as a reason for not standing for re-election. We present a four-factor framework in understanding who receives online abuse and why. The four factors are prominence

    更新日期:2020-07-02
  • Economic outcomes predicted by diversity in cities
    EPJ Data Sci. (IF 2.873) Pub Date : 2020-06-24
    Shi Kai Chong, Mohsen Bahrami, Hao Chen, Selim Balcisoy, Burcin Bozkaya, Alex ‘Sandy’ Pentland

    Much recent work has illuminated the growth, innovation, and prosperity of entire cities, but there is relatively less evidence concerning the growth and prosperity of individual neighborhoods. In this paper we show that diversity of amenities within a city neighborhood, computed from openly available points of interest on digital maps, accurately predicts human mobility (“flows”) between city neighborhoods

    更新日期:2020-06-24
  • Hypernetwork science via high-order hypergraph walks
    EPJ Data Sci. (IF 2.873) Pub Date : 2020-06-10
    Sinan G. Aksoy, Cliff Joslyn, Carlos Ortiz Marrero, Brenda Praggastis, Emilie Purvine

    We propose high-order hypergraph walks as a framework to generalize graph-based network science techniques to hypergraphs. Edge incidence in hypergraphs is quantitative, yielding hypergraph walks with both length and width. Graph methods which then generalize to hypergraphs include connected component analyses, graph distance-based metrics such as closeness centrality, and motif-based measures such

    更新日期:2020-06-10
  • Efficient modeling of higher-order dependencies in networks: from algorithm to application for anomaly detection
    EPJ Data Sci. (IF 2.873) Pub Date : 2020-06-09
    Mandana Saebi, Jian Xu, Lance M. Kaplan, Bruno Ribeiro, Nitesh V. Chawla

    Complex systems, represented as dynamic networks, comprise of components that influence each other via direct and/or indirect interactions. Recent research has shown the importance of using Higher-Order Networks (HONs) for modeling and analyzing such complex systems, as the typical Markovian assumption in developing the First Order Network (FON) can be limiting. This higher-order network representation

    更新日期:2020-06-09
  • In search of art: rapid estimates of gallery and museum visits using Google Trends
    EPJ Data Sci. (IF 2.873) Pub Date : 2020-06-05
    Federico Botta, Tobias Preis, Helen Susannah Moat

    Measuring collective human behaviour has traditionally been a time-consuming and expensive process, impairing the speed at which data can be made available to decision makers in policy. Can data generated through widespread use of online services help provide faster insights? Here, we consider an example relating to policymaking for culture and the arts: publicly funded museums and galleries in the

    更新日期:2020-06-05
  • PepMusic: motivational qualities of songs for daily activities
    EPJ Data Sci. (IF 2.873) Pub Date : 2020-05-24
    Yongsung Kim, Luca Maria Aiello, Daniele Quercia

    Music can motivate many daily activities as it can regulate mood, increase productivity and sports performance, and raise spirits. However, we know little about how to recommend songs that are motivational for people given their contexts and activities. As a first step towards dealing with this issue, we adopt a theory-driven approach and operationalize the Brunel Music Rating Inventory (BMRI) to identify

    更新日期:2020-05-24
  • Public debate in the media matters: evidence from the European refugee crisis
    EPJ Data Sci. (IF 2.873) Pub Date : 2020-05-13
    Caleb M. Koch, Izabela Moise, Dirk Helbing, Karsten Donnay

    In this paper, we take a novel approach to study the empirical relationship between public debate in the media and asylum acceptance rates in Europe from 2002–2016. In theory, an asylum seeker should experience the same likelihood of being granted refugee status from each of the 20 European countries we study. Yet, in practice, acceptance rates vary widely for nearly every asylum country of origin

    更新日期:2020-05-13
  • Comparative analysis of layered structures in empirical investor networks and cellphone communication networks
    EPJ Data Sci. (IF 2.873) Pub Date : 2020-05-07
    Peng Wang, Jun-Chao Ma, Zhi-Qiang Jiang, Wei-Xing Zhou, Didier Sornette

    Empirical investor networks (EIN) proposed by Ozsoylev et al. are assumed to capture the information spreading path among investors. Here, we perform a comparative analysis between the EIN and the cellphone communication networks (CN) to test whether EIN is an information exchanging network from the perspective of the layer structures of ego networks. We employ two clustering algorithms (k-means algorithm

    更新日期:2020-05-07
  • News and the city: understanding online press consumption patterns through mobile data
    EPJ Data Sci. (IF 2.873) Pub Date : 2020-04-29
    Salvatore Vilella, Daniela Paolotti, Giancarlo Ruffo, Leo Ferres

    The always increasing mobile connectivity affects every aspect of our daily lives, including how and when we keep ourselves informed and consult news media. By studying a DPI (deep packet inspection) dataset, provided by one of the major Chilean telecommunication companies, we investigate how different cohorts of the population of Santiago De Chile consume news media content through their smartphones

    更新日期:2020-04-29
  • Success and luck in creative careers
    EPJ Data Sci. (IF 2.873) Pub Date : 2020-04-28
    Milán Janosov, Federico Battiston, Roberta Sinatra

    Luck is considered a crucial ingredient to achieve impact in all creative domains, despite their diversity. For instance, in science, the movie industry, music, and art, the occurrence of the highest impact work and a hot streak within a creative career are very difficult to predict. Are there domains that are more prone to luck than others? Here, we provide new insights on the role of randomness in

    更新日期:2020-04-28
  • A new set of cluster driven composite development indicators
    EPJ Data Sci. (IF 2.873) Pub Date : 2020-04-10
    Anshul Verma, Orazio Angelini, Tiziana Di Matteo

    Composite development indicators used in policy making often subjectively aggregate a restricted set of indicators. We show, using dimensionality reduction techniques, including Principal Component Analysis (PCA) and for the first time information filtering and hierarchical clustering, that these composite indicators miss key information on the relationship between different indicators. In particular

    更新日期:2020-04-21
  • Fake news propagates differently from real news even at early stages of spreading
    EPJ Data Sci. (IF 2.873) Pub Date : 2020-04-03
    Zilong Zhao, Jichang Zhao, Yukie Sano, Orr Levy, Hideki Takayasu, Misako Takayasu, Daqing Li, Junjie Wu, Shlomo Havlin

    Social media can be a double-edged sword for society, either as a convenient channel exchanging ideas or as an unexpected conduit circulating fake news through a large population. While existing studies of fake news focus on theoretical modeling of propagation or identification methods based on machine learning, it is important to understand the realistic propagation mechanisms between theoretical

    更新日期:2020-04-21
  • Measuring the effect of node aggregation on community detection
    EPJ Data Sci. (IF 2.873) Pub Date : 2020-03-11
    Yérali Gandica, Adeline Decuyper, Christophe Cloquet, Isabelle Thomas, Jean-Charles Delvenne

    Many times the nodes of a complex network, whether deliberately or not, are aggregated for technical, ethical, legal limitations or privacy reasons. A common example is the geographic position: one may uncover communities in a network of places, or of individuals identified with their typical geographical position, and then aggregate these places into larger entities, such as municipalities, thus obtaining

    更新日期:2020-04-21
  • Measuring and mitigating behavioural segregation using Call Detail Records
    EPJ Data Sci. (IF 2.873) Pub Date : 2020-03-06
    Daniel Rhoads, Ivan Serrano, Javier Borge-Holthoefer, Albert Solé-Ribalta

    The overwhelming amounts of data we generate in our daily routine and in social networks has been crucial for the understanding of various social and economic factors. The use of this data represents a low-cost alternative source of information in parallel to census data and surveys. Here, we advocate for such an approach to assess and alleviate the segregation of Syrian refugees in Turkey. Using a

    更新日期:2020-04-21
  • The shocklet transform: a decomposition method for the identification of local, mechanism-driven dynamics in sociotechnical time series
    EPJ Data Sci. (IF 2.873) Pub Date : 2020-02-07
    David Rushing Dewhurst, Thayer Alshaabi, Dilan Kiley, Michael V. Arnold, Joshua R. Minot, Christopher M. Danforth, Peter Sheridan Dodds

    We introduce a qualitative, shape-based, timescale-independent time-domain transform used to extract local dynamics from sociotechnical time series—termed the Discrete Shocklet Transform (DST)—and an associated similarity search routine, the Shocklet Transform And Ranking (STAR) algorithm, that indicates time windows during which panels of time series display qualitatively-similar anomalous behavior

    更新日期:2020-04-21
  • Novelty and influence of creative works, and quantifying patterns of advances based on probabilistic references networks
    EPJ Data Sci. (IF 2.873) Pub Date : 2020-01-30
    Doheum Park, Juhan Nam, Juyong Park

    Recent advances in the quantitative, computational methodology for the modeling and analysis of heterogeneous large-scale data are leading to new opportunities for understanding human behaviors and faculties, including creativity that drives creative enterprises such as science. While innovation is crucial for novel and influential achievements, quantifying these qualities in creative works remains

    更新日期:2020-04-21
  • The individual dynamics of affective expression on social media
    EPJ Data Sci. (IF 2.873) Pub Date : 2020-01-09
    Max Pellert, Simon Schweighofer, David Garcia

    Understanding the temporal dynamics of affect is crucial for our understanding human emotions in general. In this study, we empirically test a computational model of affective dynamics by analyzing a large-scale dataset of Facebook status updates using text analysis techniques. Our analyses support the central assumptions of our model: After stimulation, affective states, quantified as valence and

    更新日期:2020-04-21
  • The higher education space: connecting degree programs from individuals’ choices
    EPJ Data Sci. (IF 2.873) Pub Date : 2019-12-30
    Cristian Candia, Sara Encarnação, Flávio L. Pinheiro

    Data on the applicants’ revealed preferences when entering higher education is used as a proxy to build the Higher Education Space (HES) of Portugal (2008–2015) and Chile (2006–2017). The HES is a network that connects pairs of degree programs according to their co-occurrence in the applicants’ preferences. We show that both HES network structures reveal the existence of positive assortment in features

    更新日期:2020-04-21
  • What did you see? A study to measure personalization in Google’s search engine
    EPJ Data Sci. (IF 2.873) Pub Date : 2019-12-16
    Tobias D. Krafft, Michael Gamer, Katharina A. Zweig

    In this paper we present the results of the project “#Datenspende” where during the German election in 2017 more than 4000 people contributed their search results regarding keywords connected to the German election campaign. Analyzing the donated result lists we prove, that the room for personalization of the search results is very small. Thus the opportunity for the effect mentioned in Eli Pariser’s

    更新日期:2020-04-21
  • Following the footsteps of giants: modeling the mobility of historically notable individuals using Wikipedia
    EPJ Data Sci. (IF 2.873) Pub Date : 2019-12-12
    Lorenzo Lucchini, Sara Tonelli, Bruno Lepri

    The steady growth of digitized historical information is continuously stimulating new different approaches to the fields of Digital Humanities and Computational Social Science. In this work we use Natural Language Processing techniques to retrieve large amounts of historical information from Wikipedia. In particular, the pages of a set of historically notable individuals are processed to catch the

    更新日期:2020-04-21
  • Gravity law in the Chinese highway freight transportation networks
    EPJ Data Sci. (IF 2.873) Pub Date : 2019-12-12
    Li Wang, Jun-Chao Ma, Zhi-Qiang Jiang, Wanfeng Yan, Wei-Xing Zhou

    The gravity law has been documented in many socioeconomic networks, which states that the flow between two nodes positively correlates with the strengths of the nodes and negatively correlates with the distance between the two nodes. However, such research on highway freight transportation networks (HFTNs) is rare. We construct the directed and undirected highway freight transportation networks between

    更新日期:2020-04-21
  • Quantifying echo chamber effects in information spreading over political communication networks
    EPJ Data Sci. (IF 2.873) Pub Date : 2019-12-09
    Wesley Cota, Silvio C. Ferreira, Romualdo Pastor-Satorras, Michele Starnini

    Echo chambers in online social networks, in which users prefer to interact only with ideologically-aligned peers, are believed to facilitate misinformation spreading and contribute to radicalize political discourse. In this paper, we gauge the effects of echo chambers in information spreading phenomena over political communication networks. Mining 12 million Twitter messages, we reconstruct a network

    更新日期:2020-04-21
  • From individual to collective behaviours: exploring population heterogeneity of human mobility based on social media data
    EPJ Data Sci. (IF 2.873) Pub Date : 2019-11-14
    Yuan Liao, Sonia Yeh, Gustavo S. Jeuken

    This paper examines the population heterogeneity of travel behaviours from a combined perspective of individual actors and collective behaviours. We use a social media dataset of 652,945 geotagged tweets generated by 2,933 Swedish Twitter users covering an average time span of 3.6 years. No explicit geographical boundaries, such as national borders or administrative boundaries, are applied to the data

    更新日期:2020-04-21
  • Mapping the physics research space: a machine learning approach
    EPJ Data Sci. (IF 2.873) Pub Date : 2019-11-06
    Matteo Chinazzi, Bruno Gonçalves, Qian Zhang, Alessandro Vespignani

    Scientific discoveries do not occur in vacuum but rather by connecting existing pieces of knowledge in new and creative ways. Mapping the relation and structure of scientific knowledge is therefore central to our understanding of the dynamics of scientific production. Here we introduce a new approach to generate scientific knowledge maps based on a machine learning approach that, starting from the

    更新日期:2020-04-21
  • Assessing the risk of default propagation in interconnected sectoral financial networks
    EPJ Data Sci. (IF 2.873) Pub Date : 2019-11-04
    Adrià Barja, Alejandro Martínez, Alex Arenas, Pablo Fleurquin, Jordi Nin, José J. Ramasco, Elena Tomás

    Systemic risk of financial institutions and sectoral companies relies on their inter-dependencies. The inter-connectivity of the financial networks has proven to be crucial to understand the propagation of default, as it plays a central role to assess the impact of single default events in the full system. Here, we take advantage of complex network theory to shed light on the mechanisms behind default

    更新日期:2020-04-21
  • Success in books: predicting book sales before publication
    EPJ Data Sci. (IF 2.873) Pub Date : 2019-10-17
    Xindi Wang, Burcu Yucesoy, Onur Varol, Tina Eliassi-Rad, Albert-László Barabási

    Reading remains a preferred leisure activity fueling an exceptionally competitive publishing market: among more than three million books published each year, only a tiny fraction are read widely. It is largely unpredictable, however, which book will that be, and how many copies it will sell. Here we aim to unveil the features that affect the success of books by predicting a book’s sales prior to its

    更新日期:2020-04-21
  • Complete trajectory reconstruction from sparse mobile phone data
    EPJ Data Sci. (IF 2.873) Pub Date : 2019-10-12
    Guangshuo Chen, Aline Carneiro Viana, Marco Fiore, Carlos Sarraute

    Mobile phone data are a popular source of positioning information in many recent studies that have largely improved our understanding of human mobility. These data consist of time-stamped and geo-referenced communication events recorded by network operators, on a per-subscriber basis. They allow for unprecedented tracking of populations of millions of individuals over long periods that span months

    更新日期:2020-04-21
  • Correction to: Gendered behavior as a disadvantage in open source software development
    EPJ Data Sci. (IF 2.873) Pub Date : 2019-09-19
    Balazs Vedres, Orsolya Vasarhelyi

    Following publication of the original article [1], we have been notified that one more affiliation of the corresponding author is missing. Currently Balasz Vedres affiliation is: 1 Oxford Internet Institute, University of Oxford, Oxford, United Kingdom It should be: 1 Oxford Internet Institute, University of Oxford, Oxford, United Kingdom; 2 Department of Network and Data Science, Central European

    更新日期:2020-04-21
  • Identifying the most influential roads based on traffic correlation networks
    EPJ Data Sci. (IF 2.873) Pub Date : 2019-09-18
    Shengmin Guo, Dong Zhou, Jingfang Fan, Qingfeng Tong, Tongyu Zhu, Weifeng Lv, Daqing Li, Shlomo Havlin

    Prediction of traffic congestion is one of the core issues in the realization of smart traffic. Accurate prediction depends on understanding of interactions and correlations between different city locations. While many methods merely consider the spatio-temporal correlation between two locations, here we propose a new approach of capturing the correlation network in a city based on realtime traffic

    更新日期:2020-04-21
  • Explore with caution: mapping the evolution of scientific interest in physics
    EPJ Data Sci. (IF 2.873) Pub Date : 2019-09-11
    Alberto Aleta, Sandro Meloni, Nicola Perra, Yamir Moreno

    In the book The Essential Tension (1979) Thomas Kuhn described the conflict between tradition and innovation in scientific research—i.e., the desire to explore new promising areas, counterposed to the need to capitalize on the work done in the past. While it is probable that along their careers many scientists felt this tension, only few works have tried to quantify it. Here, we address this question

    更新日期:2020-04-21
  • Understanding news outlets’ audience-targeting patterns
    EPJ Data Sci. (IF 2.873) Pub Date : 2019-05-14
    Erick Elejalde, Leo Ferres, Rossano Schifanella

    The power of the press to shape the informational landscape of a population is unparalleled, even now in the era of democratic access to all information outlets. However, it is known that news outlets (particularly more traditional ones) tend to discriminate who they want to reach, and who to leave aside. In this work, we attempt to shed some light on the audience targeting patterns of newspapers,

    更新日期:2019-11-28
  • Psychology and morality of political extremists: evidence from Twitter language analysis of alt-right and Antifa
    EPJ Data Sci. (IF 2.873) Pub Date : 2019-05-14
    Meysam Alizadeh, Ingmar Weber, Claudio Cioffi-Revilla, Santo Fortunato, Michael Macy

    The recent rise of the political extremism in Western countries has spurred renewed interest in the psychological and moral appeal of political extremism. Empirical support for the psychological explanation using surveys has been limited by lack of access to extremist groups, while field studies have missed psychological measures and failed to compare extremists with contrast groups. We revisit the

    更新日期:2019-11-28
  • Centrality in modular networks
    EPJ Data Sci. (IF 2.873) Pub Date : 2019-05-09
    Zakariya Ghalmane, Mohammed El Hassouni, Chantal Cherifi, Hocine Cherifi

    Identifying influential nodes in a network is a fundamental issue due to its wide applications, such as accelerating information diffusion or halting virus spreading. Many measures based on the network topology have emerged over the years to identify influential nodes such as Betweenness, Closeness, and Eigenvalue centrality. However, although most real-world networks are made of groups of tightly

    更新日期:2019-11-28
  • Predicting the temporal activity patterns of new venues.
    EPJ Data Sci. (IF 2.873) Pub Date : 2018-01-01
    Krittika D'Silva,Anastasios Noulas,Mirco Musolesi,Cecilia Mascolo,Max Sklar

    Estimating revenue and business demand of a newly opened venue is paramount as these early stages often involve critical decisions such as first rounds of staffing and resource allocation. Traditionally, this estimation has been performed through coarse-grained measures such as observing numbers in local venues or venues at similar places (e.g., coffee shops around another station in the same city)

    更新日期:2019-11-01
  • Inferences about spatiotemporal variation in dengue virus transmission are sensitive to assumptions about human mobility: a case study using geolocated tweets from Lahore, Pakistan.
    EPJ Data Sci. (IF 2.873) Pub Date : 2018-01-01
    Moritz U G Kraemer,D Bisanzio,R C Reiner,R Zakar,J B Hawkins,C C Freifeld,D L Smith,S I Hay,J S Brownstein,T Alex Perkins

    Billions of users of mobile phones, social media platforms, and other technologies generate an increasingly large volume of data that has the potential to be leveraged towards solving public health challenges. These and other big data resources tend to be most successful in epidemiological applications when utilized within an appropriate conceptual framework. Here, we demonstrate the importance of

    更新日期:2019-11-01
  • Knowledge-based biomedical Data Science.
    EPJ Data Sci. (IF 2.873) Pub Date : 2017-01-01
    Lawrence E Hunter

    Computational manipulation of knowledge is an important, and often under-appreciated, aspect of biomedical Data Science. The first Data Science initiative from the US National Institutes of Health was entitled "Big Data to Knowledge (BD2K)." The main emphasis of the more than $200M allocated to that program has been on "Big Data;" the "Knowledge" component has largely been the implicit assumption that

    更新日期:2019-11-01
  • Dissecting global air traffic data to discern different types and trends of transnational human mobility
    EPJ Data Sci. (IF 2.873) Pub Date : 2019-08-30
    Lorenzo Gabrielli; Emanuel Deutschmann; Fabrizio Natale; Ettore Recchi; Michele Vespe

    Human mobility across national borders is a key phenomenon of our time. At the global scale, however, we still know relatively little about the structure and nature of such transnational movements. This study uses a large dataset on monthly air passenger traffic between 239 countries worldwide from 2010 to 2018 to gain new insights into (a) mobility trends over time and (b) types of mobility. A time

    更新日期:2019-08-30
  • Gendered behavior as a disadvantage in open source software development
    EPJ Data Sci. (IF 2.873) Pub Date : 2019-07-06
    Balazs Vedres; Orsolya Vasarhelyi

    Women are severely marginalized in software development, especially in open source. In this article we argue that disadvantage is more due to gendered behavior than to categorical discrimination: women are at a disadvantage because of what they do, rather than because of who they are. Using data on entire careers of users from GitHub.com, we develop a measure to capture the gendered pattern of behavior:

    更新日期:2019-07-06
  • Testing Heaps’ law for cities using administrative and gridded population data sets
    EPJ Data Sci. (IF 2.873) Pub Date : 2019-07-05
    Filippo Simini; Charlotte James

    Since 2008 the number of individuals living in urban areas has surpassed that of rural areas and in the next decades urbanisation is expected to further increase, especially in developing countries. A country’s urbanisation depends both on the distribution of city sizes, describing the fraction of cities with a given population (or area), and the overall number of cities in the country. Here we present

    更新日期:2019-07-05
  • Predicting and explaining behavioral data with structured feature space decomposition
    EPJ Data Sci. (IF 2.873) Pub Date : 2019-06-27
    Peter G. Fennell; Zhiya Zuo; Kristina Lerman

    Modeling human behavioral data is challenging due to its scale, sparseness (few observations per individual), heterogeneity (differently behaving individuals), and class imbalance (few observations of the outcome of interest). An additional challenge is learning an interpretable model that not only accurately predicts outcomes, but also identifies important factors associated with a given behavior

    更新日期:2019-06-27
  • The dynamics of collective social behavior in a crowd controlled game
    EPJ Data Sci. (IF 2.873) Pub Date : 2019-06-07
    Alberto Aleta; Yamir Moreno

    Despite many efforts, the behavior of a crowd is not fully understood. The advent of modern communication means has made it an even more challenging problem, as crowd dynamics could be driven by both human-to-human and human-technology interactions. Here, we study the dynamics of a crowd controlled game (Twitch Plays Pokémon), in which nearly a million players participated during more than two weeks

    更新日期:2019-06-07
  • Corporate payments networks and credit risk rating
    EPJ Data Sci. (IF 2.873) Pub Date : 2019-06-01
    Elisa Letizia; Fabrizio Lillo

    Aggregate and systemic risk in complex systems are emergent phenomena depending on two properties: the idiosyncratic risk of the elements and the topology of the network of interactions among them. While a significant attention has been given to aggregate risk assessment and risk propagation once the above two properties are given, less is known about how the risk is distributed in the network and

    更新日期:2019-06-01
  • Cities of a feather flock together: a study on the synchronization of communication between Italian cities
    EPJ Data Sci. (IF 2.873) Pub Date : 2019-05-29
    Lorenzo Candeago; Giulia Bertagnolli; Paolo Bosetti; Michele Vescovi; Francesco Sacco; Bruno Lepri

    Due to the rise of communication technologies and economic globalization, modern large cities are becoming more and more interconnected and this phenomenon leads to an increasing synchronization in activities and communication patterns. In our work, we explore the communication synchronization between 76 Italian cities of different sizes by using mobile phone data. Our results show that both the spatial

    更新日期:2019-05-29
  • Reciprocity and impact in academic careers
    EPJ Data Sci. (IF 2.873) Pub Date : 2019-05-29
    Weihua Li; Tomaso Aste; Fabio Caccioli; Giacomo Livan

    The growing importance of citation-based bibliometric indicators in shaping the prospects of academic careers incentivizes scientists to boost the numbers of citations they receive. Whereas the exploitation of self-citations has been extensively documented, the impact of reciprocated citations has not yet been studied. We study reciprocity in a citation network of authors, and compare it with the average

    更新日期:2019-05-29
  • Quantifying human mobility resilience to extreme events using geo-located social media data
    EPJ Data Sci. (IF 2.873) Pub Date : 2019-05-22
    Kamol Chandra Roy; Manuel Cebrian; Samiul Hasan

    Mobility is one of the fundamental requirements of human life with significant societal impacts including productivity, economy, social wellbeing, adaptation to a changing climate, and so on. Although human movements follow specific patterns during normal periods, there are limited studies on how such patterns change due to extreme events. To quantify the impacts of an extreme event to human movements

    更新日期:2019-05-22
  • Tampering with Twitter’s Sample API
    EPJ Data Sci. (IF 2.873) Pub Date : 2018-12-19
    Jürgen Pfeffer; Katja Mayer; Fred Morstatter

    Social media data is widely analyzed in computational social science. Twitter, one of the largest social media platforms, is used for research, journalism, business, and government to analyze human behavior at scale. Twitter offers data via three different Application Programming Interfaces (APIs). One of which, Twitter’s Sample API, provides a freely available 1% and a costly 10% sample of all Tweets

    更新日期:2018-12-19
  • Inferring modes of transportation using mobile phone data
    EPJ Data Sci. (IF 2.873) Pub Date : 2018-12-04
    Eduardo Graells-Garrido; Diego Caro; Denis Parra

    Cities are growing at a fast rate, and transportation networks need to adapt accordingly. To design, plan, and manage transportation networks, domain experts need data that reflect how people move from one place to another, at what times, for what purpose, and in what mode(s) of transportation. However, traditional data collection methods are not cost-effective or timely. For instance, travel surveys

    更新日期:2018-12-04
  • Optimal prediction of decisions and model selection in social dilemmas using block models
    EPJ Data Sci. (IF 2.873) Pub Date : 2018-11-14
    Sergio Cobo-López; Antonia Godoy-Lorite; Jordi Duch; Marta Sales-Pardo; Roger Guimerà

    Advancing our understanding of human behavior hinges on the ability of theories to unveil the mechanisms underlying such behaviors. Measuring the ability of theories and models to predict unobserved behaviors provides a principled method to evaluate their merit and, thus, to help establish which mechanisms are most plausible. Here, we propose models and develop rigorous inference approaches to predict

    更新日期:2018-11-14
  • Home is where the ad is: online interest proxies housing demand.
    EPJ Data Sci. (IF 2.873) Pub Date : 2018-01-01
    Marco Pangallo,Michele Loberto

    Online activity leaves digital traces of human behavior. In this paper we investigate if online interest can be used as a proxy of housing demand, a key yet so far mostly unobserved feature of housing markets. We analyze data from an Italian website of housing sales advertisements (ads). For each ad, we know the timings at which website users clicked on the ad or used the corresponding contact form

    更新日期:2018-11-09
  • Social network differences of chronotypes identified from mobile phone data
    EPJ Data Sci. (IF 2.873) Pub Date : 2018-10-24
    Talayeh Aledavood; Sune Lehmann; Jari Saramäki

    Human activity follows an approximately 24-hour day-night cycle, but there is significant individual variation in awake and sleep times. Individuals with circadian rhythms at the extremes can be categorized into two chronotypes: “larks”, those who wake up and go to sleep early, and “owls”, those who stay up and wake up late. It is well established that a person’s chronotype can affect their activities

    更新日期:2018-10-24
  • Identifying and predicting social lifestyles in people’s trajectories by neural networks
    EPJ Data Sci. (IF 2.873) Pub Date : 2018-10-24
    Eyal Ben Zion; Boaz Lerner

    In this research, we exploit repeated parts in daily trajectories in people’s movements, which we refer to as mobility patterns, to train models to identify and predict a person’s lifestyles. We use cellular data of a group (“society”) of people and represent a person’s daily trajectory using semantic labels (e.g., “home”, “work”, and “gym”) given to the main places of interest (POI) he has visited

    更新日期:2018-10-24
  • Unraveling pedestrian mobility on a road network using ICTs data during great tourist events
    EPJ Data Sci. (IF 2.873) Pub Date : 2018-10-22
    Chiara Mizzi; Alessandro Fabbri; Sandro Rambaldi; Flavio Bertini; Nico Curti; Stefano Sinigardi; Rachele Luzi; Giulia Venturi; Micheli Davide; Giuliano Muratore; Aldo Vannelli; Armando Bazzani

    Tourist flows in historical cities are continuously growing in a globalized world and adequate governance processes, politics and tools are necessary in order to reduce impacts on the urban livability and to guarantee the preservation of cultural heritage. The ICTs offer the possibility of collecting large amount of data that can point out and quantify some statistical and dynamic properties of human

    更新日期:2018-10-22
  • Crime event prediction with dynamic features
    EPJ Data Sci. (IF 2.873) Pub Date : 2018-10-19
    Shakila Khan Rumi; Ke Deng; Flora Dilys Salim

    Nowadays, Location-Based Social Networks (LBSN) collect a vast range of information which can help us to understand the regional dynamics (i.e. human mobility) across an entire city. LBSN provides unprecedented opportunities to tackle various social problems. In this work, we explore dynamic features derived from Foursquare check-in data in short-term crime event prediction with fine spatio-temporal

    更新日期:2018-10-19
  • Traveling heterogeneity in public transportation
    EPJ Data Sci. (IF 2.873) Pub Date : 2018-10-19
    Caio Ponte; Hygor Piaget M. Melo; Carlos Caminha; José S. Andrade Jr.; Vasco Furtado

    It is well reported that long commutes have a large detrimental effect on people’s health and on the economy of cities. Interestingly, despite the strong impact on our daily lives, a simple way to measure the quality of urban transportation is still unknown. We performed data analysis on the transportation network of two large cities (Fortaleza and Dublin). By dividing each bus trajectory into equal

    更新日期:2018-10-19
  • Behavioral attributes and financial churn prediction
    EPJ Data Sci. (IF 2.873) Pub Date : 2018-10-19
    Erdem Kaya; Xiaowen Dong; Yoshihiko Suhara; Selim Balcisoy; Burcin Bozkaya; Alex “Sandy” Pentland

    Customer retention is crucial in a variety of businesses as acquiring new customers is often more costly than keeping the current ones. As a consequence, churn prediction has attracted great attention from both the business and academic worlds. Traditional efforts in the financial domain mainly focus on domain specific variables such as product ownership or service usage aggregation, however, without

    更新日期:2018-10-19
  • Prestige drives epistemic inequality in the diffusion of scientific ideas
    EPJ Data Sci. (IF 2.873) Pub Date : 2018-10-19
    Allison C. Morgan; Dimitrios J. Economou; Samuel F. Way; Aaron Clauset

    The spread of ideas in the scientific community is often viewed as a competition, in which good ideas spread further because of greater intrinsic fitness, and publication venue and citation counts correlate with importance and impact. However, relatively little is known about how structural factors influence the spread of ideas, and specifically how where an idea originates might influence how it spreads

    更新日期:2018-10-19
  • Capturing the fast-food landscape in England using large-scale network analysis.
    EPJ Data Sci. (IF 2.873) Pub Date : 2018-01-01
    Magda Baniukiewicz,Zachariah L Dick,Philippe J Giabbanelli

    Fast-food outlets play a significant role in the nutrition of British children who get more food from such shops than the school canteen. To reduce young people's access to fast-food meals during the school day, many British cities are implementing zoning policies. For instance, cities can create buffers around schools, and some have used 200 meters buffers while others used 400 meters. But how close

    更新日期:2018-10-17
  • Analysis of the Bitcoin blockchain: socio-economic factors behind the adoption
    EPJ Data Sci. (IF 2.873) Pub Date : 2018-10-16
    Francesco Parino; Mariano G. Beiró; Laetitia Gauvin

    As the first decentralized digital currency introduced in 2009 together with the blockchain, Bitcoin offers new opportunities both for developed and developing countries. Bitcoin peer-to-peer transactions are independent of the banking system, facilitating foreign exchanges with low transaction fees, such as remittances, and offering a high degree of anonymity. These opportunities together with other

    更新日期:2018-10-16
  • Commuting patterns: the flow and jump model and supporting data
    EPJ Data Sci. (IF 2.873) Pub Date : 2018-10-11
    Levente Varga; Géza Tóth; Zoltán Néda

    A simple model, named the flow and jump model (FJM) is used for describing commuter fluxes at different distances. The model is based on a master equation which allows a local net probability flow and non-local jumps. FJM is in principle a one-parameter model, however it is found that by fixing this parameter we get a parameter free model, similar with the radiation model. We find that FJM offers an

    更新日期:2018-10-11
  • Analyzing and predicting the spatial penetration of Airbnb in U.S. cities
    EPJ Data Sci. (IF 2.873) Pub Date : 2018-09-19
    Giovanni Quattrone; Andrew Greatorex; Daniele Quercia; Licia Capra; Mirco Musolesi

    In the hospitality industry, the room and apartment sharing platform of Airbnb has been accused of unfair competition. Detractors have pointed out the chronic lack of proper legislation. Unfortunately, there is little quantitative evidence about Airbnb’s spatial penetration upon which to base such a legislation. In this study, we analyze Airbnb’s spatial distribution in eight U.S. urban areas, in relation

    更新日期:2018-09-19
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