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  • A novel electrochemical immunosensor for ultrasensitive detection of CA125 in ovarian cancer
    Biosens. Bioelectron. (IF 9.518) Pub Date : 2020-01-16
    Parvin Samadi Pakchin; Marziyeh Fathi; Hossein Ghanbari; Reza Saber; Yadollah Omidi
    更新日期:2020-01-17
  • Highly sensitive chemiluminescent sensing of intracellular Al3+ based on the phosphatase mimetic activity of cerium oxide nanoparticles
    Biosens. Bioelectron. (IF 9.518) Pub Date : 2020-01-16
    Xue Tian; Hong Liao; Min Wang; Lingyan Feng; Wensheng Fu; Lianzhe Hu

    Nanomaterials with enzyme-like characteristics (also called nanozymes) have attracted increasing attention in the area of analytical chemistry. Nevertheless, most of the nanozymes used for analytical applications are oxidoreductase mimics, and their enzyme-like activities are usually demonstrated by using chromogenic and/or fluorogenic substrates. Herein, the phosphatase mimetic activity of cerium oxide nanoparticles (nanoceria) was investigated by using CDP-star as the chemiluminescent (CL) substrate. Interestingly, we found that the phosphatase mimetic activity of nanoceria can be remarkably inhibited by the addition of Al3+. Based on this finding, a highly sensitive and selective CL method for Al3+ detection is proposed. The CL intensity of the nanoceria/CDP-star system decreased with the increasing Al3+ concentrations in the range from 30 nM to 3.5 μM. A detection limit as low as 10 nM was obtained. Finally, the CL detection of intracellular Al3+ was achieved, demonstrating the utility of the CL method in complex biological samples.

    更新日期:2020-01-17
  • Ionic fluorescent sensor targeting receptor tyrosine kinases for biosystems imaging and application in flow cytometry
    Biosens. Bioelectron. (IF 9.518) Pub Date : 2020-01-15
    Jiqiu Yin; Yang Jiao; Xiaojun Peng; Haiyang He; Chunying Duan
    更新日期:2020-01-15
  • Flexible platinum electrodes as electrochemical sensor and immunosensor of Parkinson's disease biomarkers
    Biosens. Bioelectron. (IF 9.518) Pub Date : 2020-01-14
    Gabriela C. Mauruto de Oliveira; Jefferson Henrique de Souza Carvalho; Laís Canniatti Brazaca; Nirton Cristi Silva Vieira; Bruno Campos Janegitz

    In this study, platinum electrodes were fabricated on the bio-based poly(ethylene terephthalate) (Bio-PET) substrates for the development of flexible electrochemical sensors for the detection of Parkinson's disease biomarkers. Dopamine was detected by voltammetric measurements, displaying a 3.5 × 10−5 mol L−1 to 8.0 × 10−4 mol L−1 linear range with a limit of detection of 5.1 × 10−6 mol L−1. Parkinson's disease protein 7 (PARK7/DJ-1) was successfully detected by electrochemical impedance spectroscopy after electrode functionalization with specific anti-PARK7/DJ-1 antibodies. In this case, analytical curves presented a linear behavior from 40 ng mL−1 to 150 ng mL−1 of PARK7/DJ-1 with a limit of detection of 7.5 ng mL−1. Besides, the electrodes did not suffer any change in the electrochemical response after manual tests of mechanical tension. The proposed sensor and immunosensor were applied for the determination of Parkinson's disease biomarkers concentrations found in the human body, being adequate as an alternative method to diagnose this disease.

    更新日期:2020-01-14
  • Aptamers in nanostructure-based electrochemical biosensors for cardiac biomarkers and cancer biomarkers: A review
    Biosens. Bioelectron. (IF 9.518) Pub Date : 2020-01-13
    Masoud Negahdary

    Heart disease (especially myocardial infarction (MI)) and cancer are major causes of death. Recently, aptasensors with the applying of different nanostructures have been able to provide new windows for the early and inexpensive detection of these deadly diseases. Early, inexpensive, and accurate diagnosis by portable devices, especially aptasensors can increase the likelihood of survival as well as significantly reduce the cost of treatment. In this review, recent studies based on the designed aptasensors for the diagnosis of these diseases were collected, ordered, and reviewed. The biomarkers for the diagnosis of each disease were discussed separately. The primary constituent elements of these aptasensors including, analyte, aptamer sequence, type of nanostructure, diagnostic technique, analyte detection range, and limit of detection (LOD), were evaluated and compared.

    更新日期:2020-01-14
  • Recent advances in high-sensitivity detection methods for paper-based lateral-flow assay
    Biosens. Bioelectron. (IF 9.518) Pub Date : 2020-01-13
    Van-Thuan Nguyen; Seungri Song; Seungkyung Park; Chulmin Joo

    Paper-based lateral-flow assays (LFAs) have achieved considerable commercial success and continue to have a significant impact on medical diagnostics and environmental monitoring. Conventional LFAs are typically performed by examining the color changes in the test bands by naked eye. However, for critical biochemical markers that are present in extremely small amounts in the clinical specimens, this readout method is not quantitative, and does not provide sufficient sensitivity or suitable detection limit for a reliable assay. Diverse technologies for high-sensitivity LFA detection have been developed and commercialization efforts are underway. In this review, we aim to provide a critical and objective overview of the recent progress in high-sensitivity LFA detection technologies, which involve the exploitation of the physical and chemical responses of transducing particles. The features and biomedical applications of the technologies, along with future prospects and challenges, are also discussed.

    更新日期:2020-01-14
  • 3D bimetallic Au/Pt nanoflowers decorated needle-type microelectrode for direct in situ monitoring of ATP secreted from living cells
    Biosens. Bioelectron. (IF 9.518) Pub Date : 2020-01-11
    Qin Zhu; Bo Liang; Yitao Liang; Lin Ji; Yu Cai; Ke Wu; Tingting Tu; Hangxu Ren; Bobo Huang; Jinwei Wei; Lu Fang; Xiao Liang; Xuesong Ye

    Adenosine triphosphate (ATP) plays a crucial role in energy metabolism and extracellular purinergic signaling. A 3D bimetallic Au/Pt nanoflowers decorated ATP microelectrode biosensor prepared by facile and effective template-free electrodeposition was firstly reported, realizing local detection of cellular ATP secretion. The ATP biosensor was developed by co-immobilization of glucose oxidase and hexokinase, exhibiting long-term stability (79.39 ± 9.15% of its initial value remained after 14 days at 4 °C) and high selectivity with a limit of detection down to 2.5 μM (S/N = 3). The resulting ATP biosensor was then used for direct in situ monitoring of ATP secreted from living cells (PC12) with the stimulation of high K+ solutions. The obtained current was about 21.6 ± 3.4 nA (N = 6), corresponding to 12.2 ± 2.8 μM ATP released from cells, right in the micromolar range and consistent with the suggested levels. The 3D bimetallic Au/Pt nanoflowers possesses excellent catalytic activity and large electroactive surface area, contributing to enzymatic activity preservation and long-term stability. This work provides a promising platform for long-time monitoring of other neurotransmitters and secretions in cellular glycolysis and apoptosis processes in the future.

    更新日期:2020-01-13
  • 更新日期:2020-01-13
  • DNA-only, microwell-based bioassay for multiplex nucleic acid detection with single base-pair resolution using MNAzymes
    Biosens. Bioelectron. (IF 9.518) Pub Date : 2020-01-10
    Saba Safdar; Karen Ven; Julie van Lent; Benjamin Pavie; Iene Rutten; Annelies Dillen; Sebastian Munck; Jeroen Lammertyn; Dragana Spasic

    In disease diagnostics, single- and multiplex nucleic acid (NA) detection, with the potential to discriminate mutated strands, is of paramount importance. Current techniques that rely on target amplification or protein-enzyme based signal amplification are highly relevant, yet still plagued by diverse drawbacks including erroneous target amplification, and the limited stability of protein enzymes. As a solution, we present a multicomponent nucleic acid enzymes (MNAzymes)-based system for singleplex and multiplex detection of NA targets in microwells down to fM concentrations, without the need for any target amplification or protein enzymes, while operating at room temperature and with single base-pair resolution. After successful validation of the MNAzymes in solution, their performance was further verified on beads in bulk and in femtoliter-sized microwells. The latter is not only a highly simplified system compared to previous microwell-based bioassays but, with the detection limit of 180 fM, it is to-date the most sensitive NAzyme-mediated, bead-based approach, that does not rely on target amplification or any additional signal amplification strategies. Furthermore, we demonstrated, for the first time, multiplexed target detection in microwells, both from buffer and nasopharyngeal swab samples, and presented superior single base-pair resolution of this assay. Because of the design flexibility of MNAzymes and direct demonstration in swab samples, this system holds great promise for multiplexed detection in other clinically relevant matrices without the need of any additional NA or protein components. Moreover, these findings open up the potential for the development of next-generation, protein-free diagnostic tools, including digital assays with single-molecule resolution.

    更新日期:2020-01-10
  • An enzyme-free and substrate-free electrochemical biosensor with robust porphyrin-based covalent-linked nanomaterial as nanoelectrocatalyst and efficient support for sensitive detection of uracil-DNA glycosylase
    Biosens. Bioelectron. (IF 9.518) Pub Date : 2020-01-10
    Tingting Liu; Lin Cui; Dekang Li; Wenqiang Gao; Lili Wu; Xiaomei Zhang

    We developed a novel electrochemical biosensor for uracil-DNA glycosylase (UDG) detection based on enzyme-free and substrate-free electrocatalytic signal amplification by porphyrin-based covalent-linked nanomaterial (OAPS-Por). This OAPS-Por could not only absorb much Thionine (Thi), but also possess obvious electrocatalytic activity toward the reduction of Thi without involvement of H2O2. Sequentially, the functionalized OAPS-Por with Thi, Au nanoparticles and single-stranded DNA (OAPS-Por/[email protected]) was ingeniously designed as the signal probe. Meantime, the hairpin DNA (hDNA) with four uracil bases was immobilized on AuNPs/GCE via an Au–S bond. When UDG was present, the uracil in hDNA was removed and hairpin structure was unfolded. Next, the signal probes binded with the unfolded hDNA by DNA hybridization. The Thi in signal probes could generated an original electrochemical signal, which could be further amplified and output due to the robust electrocatalytic activities of OAPS-Por toward Thi. As a result, the as-constructed electrochemical biosensor had a broad linear range from 0.005 to 1 U mL-1. It also exhibited a low detection limit of 6.97 × 10-4 U mL-1. Moreover, this biosensor could be used to assay the inhibition of UDG (UGI) and the UDG activity in real samples (HeLa cell lysates and human blood serums), and demonstrated great prospect in clinical diagnostics and biomedical research.

    更新日期:2020-01-10
  • Flexible and stretchable opto-electric neural interface for low-noise electrocorticogram recordings and neuromodulation in vivo
    Biosens. Bioelectron. (IF 9.518) Pub Date : 2020-01-09
    Bowen Ji; Chaofan Ge; Zhejun Guo; Longchun Wang; Minghao Wang; Zhaoqian Xie; Yeshou Xu; Haibo Li; Bin Yang; Xiaolin Wang; Chengyu Li; Jingquan Liu

    Optogenetic-based neuromodulation tools is evolving for the basic neuroscience research in animals combining optical manipulation and electrophysiological recordings. However, current opto-electric integrated devices attaching on cerebral cortex for electrocorticogram (ECoG) still exist potential damage risks for both brain tissue and electrode, due to the mechanical mismatch and brain deformation. Here, we propose a stretchable opto-electric integrated neural interface by integrating serpentine-shaped electrodes and multisite micro-LEDs onto a hyperelastic substrate, as well as a serpentine-shaped metal shielding embedded in recording electrode for low-noise signal acquisition. The delicate structure design, ultrasoft encapsulation and independent fabrication followed by assembly are beneficial to the conformality, reliability and yield. In vitro accelerated deterioration and reciprocating tensile have demonstrated good performance and high stability. In vivo optogenetic activation of focal cortical areas of awaked mouse expressing Channelrhodopsin-2 is realized with simultaneous high-quality recording. We highlight the potential use of this multifunctional neural interface for neural applications.

    更新日期:2020-01-10
  • Microdroplet-captured tapes for rapid sampling and SERS detection of food contaminants
    Biosens. Bioelectron. (IF 9.518) Pub Date : 2020-01-09
    Xuecheng He; Shijie Yang; Tailin Xu; Yongchao Song; Xueji Zhang

    Simple, effective, and rapid detection of chemically relevant hazards is a highly desirable research goal, which can provide early-warning information to improve the patient-care outcomes for public health. Here, we introduce a microdroplet-captured tape toward rapid SERS screening of food contaminants. The dominant sensing unit lies on functionalized microwell in conductive carbon tapes, which is simply prepared by physical punching, magnetron sputtering and electrochemical deposition of Au nanodendrites. The tape-based sensors not only possess highly branched Au nanodendrites in microwell for promoting SERS activity, but also enable anchoring the microdroplets via direct dip-pulling from pristine analytes solutions upon sticky incorporated on a glove. Early-warning SERS detection of food contaminants including Sudan-1, thiram, and thiabendazole from the real samples can be achieved by such simple sampling method. These tape-based sensors with a facile operation module and accessible signal read-out represent an innovative point-of-care testing (POCT) device for forensic, military, consumer protection, environmental monitoring, and food safety applications.

    更新日期:2020-01-10
  • Laser-patterned paper-based sensors for rapid point-of-care detection and antibiotic-resistance testing of bacterial infections
    Biosens. Bioelectron. (IF 9.518) Pub Date : 2020-01-09
    Peijun J.W. He; Ioannis N. Katis; Anto J.U. Kumar; Catherine A. Bryant; Charles W. Keevil; Bhaskar K. Somani; Nitin Mahobia; Robert W. Eason; Collin L. Sones

    Antimicrobial resistance (AMR) has been identified by the World Health Organisation as a global threat that currently claims at least 25,000 deaths each year in Europe and 700,000 globally; the number is projected to reach 10 million per year between 2015 and 2050. Therefore, there is an urgent need for low-cost but reliable point-of-care diagnostics for early screening of infections especially in developing countries lacking in basic infrastructure and trained personnel. This work is aimed at developing such a device, a paper-based microfluidic device for infection testing by an unskilled user in a low resource setting. Here, we present our work relating to the use of our laser-patterned paper-based devices for detection and susceptibility testing of Escherichia coli, via a simple visually observable colour change. The results indicate the suitability of our integrated paper devices for timely identification of bacterial infections at the point-of-care and their usefulness in providing a hugely beneficial pathway for accurate antibiotic prescribing and thus a novel route to tackling the global challenge of AMR.

    更新日期:2020-01-10
  • A self-calibrating electrochemical aptasensing platform: Correcting external interference errors for the reliable and stable detection of avian influenza viruses
    Biosens. Bioelectron. (IF 9.518) Pub Date : 2020-01-08
    Inae Lee; Seong-Eun Kim; Jiho Lee; Deok Ha Woo; Seok Lee; Heesoo Pyo; Chang-Seon Song; Joonseok Lee

    Conventional electrochemical biosensing systems rely on a single output signal, which limits their certain practical application, specifically from the viewpoint of external interference factors causing electrochemical signal errors. This study reports a self-calibrating dual-electrode based electrochemical aptasensor for the reliable and independent detection of avian influenza viruses (AIVs), which are the primary cause of highly contagious respiratory diseases, under external interference factors. Both electrodes were fabricated using tungsten rods surface-modified with a 3D nanostructured porous silica film (3DNRE). Subsequently, methylene blue (MB) was loaded as a redox-active material into the pores and capped with corresponding aptamer. One electrode was capped with an anti-AIV nucleoprotein (NP) aptamer (AptAIV[email protected]) allowing target-specific binding, resulting in changes in electrochemical signal upon diffusional release of the loaded redox molecules. The other electrode was capped with a control aptamer (Aptcon[email protected]), serving as a reference to correct false responses generated by nonspecific aptamer detachment and MB release under environmental changes in pH and ion strength and presence of nontarget molecules from cell lysis debris. In the dual-electrode platform, Aptcon[email protected] provides a corrected baseline for the fluctuating original output signals from AptAIV[email protected] Consequently, this dual-electrode platform exhibits excellent output-signal stability (relative standard deviation, RSD: 5.86%) compared to a conventional single-electrode platform (RSD: 30.13%) at equivalent concentrations of AIV NP samples under different reaction buffer conditions. Moreover, no further purification and washing steps were required, indicating that the strategy may represent a universal and reliable platform for the electrochemical aptamer-based detection of various biomolecules.

    更新日期:2020-01-09
  • Ultrasensitive and regenerable nanopore sensing based on target induced aptamer dissociation
    Biosens. Bioelectron. (IF 9.518) Pub Date : 2020-01-08
    Shujie Zhang; Huihui Chai; Kai Cheng; Laibo Song; Wei Chen; Ling Yu; Zhisong Lu; Bo Liu; Yuan-Di Zhao

    For ionic current rectification (ICR) based sensing, nanopore functionalizations are mostly designed for directly binding target molecules to generate detectable signals from surface charge variation. However, this strategy is highly dependent on the charge difference between the captured molecules and surface functionalization layers, which will increase the nanopore design difficulty and subsequently limit the nanopore applicability. Another key challenge for ICR based sensing is the nanopore regenerability that is critical if online monitoring or repeated determination needs to be performed with one sensor. Though some types of nanopore regeneration have been realized on some specific targets or with harsh conditions, it is still highly favored to develop a regenerability using mild conditions for various targets. To address these two challenges, we developed a novel and universal sensing strategy for aptamer-functionalized nanopore that can be easily regenerated after each usage without any harsh conditions and independent of target molecule charge or size for ICR based nanopore sensing. Ochratoxin A (OTA) was used as a model analyte and its corresponding aptamer partially hybridized with the pre-immobilized complementary DNA (cDNA) onto the nanopore inner surface. We demonstrated that the recognition and conjugation of OTA with its aptamer resulted in rectified ionic current variations due to the dissociation between the OTA aptamer and its partially paired cDNA. The performance of this nanopore sensor including sensitivity, selectivity, regenerability, and applicability was characterized using rectified ionic current. This nanopore sensing strategy will provide a promising platform for extensive targets and online sensing applications.

    更新日期:2020-01-09
  • A fully integrated bacterial pathogen detection system based on count-on-a-cartridge platform for rapid, ultrasensitive, highly accurate and culture-free assay
    Biosens. Bioelectron. (IF 9.518) Pub Date : 2020-01-07
    Won-Il Lee; Younghyeon Park; Sajal Shrivastava; Taekeon Jung; Montri Meeseepong; Jaelin Lee; Byeungwoo Jeon; Sung Yang; Nae-Eung Lee

    Rapid, sensitive and accurate point-of-care-testing (POCT) of bacterial load from a variety of samples can help prevent human infections caused by pathogenic bacteria and mitigate their spreading. However, there is an unmet demand for a POCT device that can detect extremely low concentrations of bacteria in raw samples. Herein, we introduce the ‘count-on-a-cartridge’ (COC) platform for quantitation of the food-borne pathogenic bacteria Staphylococcus aureus. The system comprised of magnetic concentrator, sensing cartridge and fluorescent image reader with a built-in counting algorithm facilitated fluorescent microscopic bacterial enumeration in user-convenient manner with high sensitivity and accuracy within a couple of hours. The analytical performance of this assay is comparable to that of a standard plate count. The COC assay shows a sensitivity of 92.9% and specificity of 100% performed according to global microbiological criteria for S. aureus which is acceptable below 100 CFU/g in the food matrix. This culture-independent, rapid, ultrasensitive and highly accurate COC assay has great potential for places where prompt bacteria surveillance is in high demand.

    更新日期:2020-01-07
  • The combination of ternary electrochemiluminescence system of g-C3N4 nanosheet/TEA/Cu@Cu2O and G-quadruplex-driven regeneration strategy for ultrasensitive bioanalysis
    Biosens. Bioelectron. (IF 9.518) Pub Date : 2020-01-07
    Jia-Li Liu; Jie Jiang; Jia-Qi Zhang; Ya-Qin Chai; Qi Xiao; Ruo Yuan

    Graphitic carbon nitride nanosheet (g-C3N4 NS) with superior photoelectronic properties was served as ECL emitter to in-situ generate [email protected]2O nanoparticles as coreaction accelerator for constructing neoteric ternary ECL system (g-C3N4 NS/TEA/[email protected]2O system). Impressively, compared to individual g-C3N4 NS, the designed [email protected]2O/g-C3N4 NS not only displayed an enhanced current intensity with advance onset potential, but also observed a strong ECL response, which reduced the ECL potential down to 1.3 V for beneficial construction of biosensor, owe to the significant role of [email protected]2O in accelerating the reaction between g-C3N4 NS and trimethylamine (TEA). Notably, the enzyme-free target induced recycle amplification was performed to produce two different kinds of single stranded DNAs labeled with ferrocene (Fc, quencher) for the formation of G-quadruplex. Herein, based on the strong ECL signal deriving from the ternary ECL system as a “switch on” mode, and a weak ECL signal due to the co-quenching pattern of ferrocene and hemin as a “switch off” mode, an original “on-off” ECL biosensing platform was developed to ultrasensitively detect microRNA-21. Furthermore, the reversible formation and dissociation of G-quadruplex could achieve the regeneration of ECL biosensor in a rapid step with the aid of potassium ion (K+) and 18-crown-6-ether. In addition, the developed strategy exhibited a great sensitivity with a detection limit of 48 aM to pave a path for real applications of biomolecules detection in clinical diagnosis.

    更新日期:2020-01-07
  • Influence of molecular size and zeta potential in electrokinetic biosensing
    Biosens. Bioelectron. (IF 9.518) Pub Date : 2020-01-07
    Siddharth Sourabh Sahu; Christiane Stiller; Sara Cavallaro; Amelie Eriksson Karlström; Jan Linnros; Apurba Dev

    Electrokinetic principles such as streaming current and streaming potential are extensively used for surface characterization. Recently, they have also been used in biosensors, resulting in enhanced sensitivity and simpler device architecture. Theoretical models regarding streaming current/potential studies of particle-covered surfaces have identified features such as the particle size, shape and surface charge to influence the electrokinetic signals and consequently, the sensitivity and effective operational regime of the biosensor. By using a set of well-characterized proteins with varying size and net surface charge, this article experimentally verifies the theoretical predictions about their influence on the sensor signal. Increasing protein size was shown to enhance the signal when their net surface charge was either opposite to the sensor surface, or close to zero, in agreement with the theoretical predictions. However, the effect gradually saturates as the protein size exceeds the coulomb screening length of the electrolyte. In contrast, the proteins containing the same type of charge as the surface show little or no difference, except that the signal inverts. The magnitude of the surface charge was also shown to influence the signal. The sensitivity of the technique for protein detection varied over two orders of magnitude, depending upon the size and surface charge. Furthermore, the capacity of the electrokinetic method for direct electrical detection of various proteins, including those carrying little or no net electric charges, is demonstrated.

    更新日期:2020-01-07
  • Passive and wireless, implantable glucose sensing with phenylboronic acid hydrogel-interlayer RF resonators
    Biosens. Bioelectron. (IF 9.518) Pub Date : 2020-01-03
    Manik Dautta; Muhannad Alshetaiwi; Jens Escobar; Peter Tseng

    A phenylboronic acid-based, hydrogel-interlayer Radio-Frequency (RF) resonator is demonstrated as a highly-responsive, passive and wireless sensor for glucose monitoring. Constructs are composed of unanchored, capacitively-coupled split rings interceded by glucose-responsive hydrogels. Phenylboronic acid-hydrogels exhibit volumetric and dielectric variations in response to environmental glucose concentrations—these are efficiently converted to large shifts in the resonant response of interlayer-RF sensors. These tiny, stretchable and scalable sensors (5 mm × 5 mm x 250 μm) require no microelectronics or power at the sensing node and can be read-out remotely via near-field coupling. Sensors exhibit high sensitivities (∼10% shift in resonant frequency—corresponding to 50 MHz—per 150 mg/dL of glucose), possess a limit of detection of 10 mg/dL, and a step response time of approximately 1 h to abrupt shifts in carbohydrate concentration. Notably, these sensors exhibited no signal drift or hysteresis over the time periods characterized herein (45 days at room temperature). We transform sensors into bioelectronic RF reporter-tags via the attachment of a single LED—these remotely report on glucose concentration via emitted light. We anticipate the non-degradative, long-term nature of both RF read-out and phenylboronic acid-based hydrogels will enable biosensors capable of long-term, remote read-out of glucose.

    更新日期:2020-01-04
  • Cellular sensing platform with enhanced sensitivity based on optogenetic modulation of cell homeostasis
    Biosens. Bioelectron. (IF 9.518) Pub Date : 2019-12-31
    Mihaela Gheorghiu; Luciana Stanica; Miruna G. Ghinia Tegla; Cristina Polonschii; Dumitru Bratu; Octavian Popescu; Tudor Badea; Eugen Gheorghiu

    We demonstrate a new biosensing concept with impact on the development of rapid, point of need cell based sensing with boosted sensitivity and wide relevance for bioanalysis. It involves optogenetic stimulation of cells stably transfected to express light sensitive protein channels for optical control of membrane potential and of ion homeostasis. Time-lapse impedance measurements are used to reveal cell dynamics changes encompassing cellular responses to bioactive stimuli and optically induced homeostasis disturbances. We prove that light driven perturbations of cell membrane potential induce homeostatic reactions and modulate transduction mechanisms that amplify cellular response to bioactive compounds. This allows cell based biosensors to respond more rapidly and sensitively to low concentrations of bioactive/toxic analytes: statistically relevant impedance changes are recorded in less than 30 min, in comparison with >8 h in the best alternative reported tests for the same low concentration (e.g. a concentration of 25 μM CdCl2, lower than the threshold concentration in classical cellular sensors). Comparative analysis of model bioactive/toxic compounds (ouabain and CdCl2) demonstrates that cellular reactivity can be boosted by light driven perturbations of cellular homeostasis and that this biosensing concept is able to discriminate analytes with different modes of action (i.e. CdCl2 toxicity versus ion pump inhibition by ouabain), a significant advance against state of the art cell based sensors.

    更新日期:2019-12-31
  • The sweet detection of rolling circle amplification: Glucose-based electrochemical genosensor for the detection of viral nucleic acid
    Biosens. Bioelectron. (IF 9.518) Pub Date : 2019-12-30
    Sibel Ciftci; Rocío Cánovas; Felix Neumann; Thomas Paulraj; Mats Nilsson; Gaston A. Crespo; Narayanan Madaboosi
    更新日期:2019-12-30
  • Label-free enrichment of fate-biased human neural stem and progenitor cells
    Biosens. Bioelectron. (IF 9.518) Pub Date : 2019-12-28
    Tayloria N.G. Adams; Alan Y.L. Jiang; Nicolo S. Mendoza; Clarissa C. Ro; Do-Hyun Lee; Abraham P. Lee; Lisa A. Flanagan

    Human neural stem and progenitor cells (hNSPCs) have therapeutic potential to treat neural diseases and injuries since they provide neuroprotection and differentiate into astrocytes, neurons, and oligodendrocytes. However, cultures of hNSPCs are heterogeneous, containing cells linked to distinct differentiated cell fates. HNSPCs that differentiate into astrocytes are of interest for specific neurological diseases, creating a need for approaches that can detect and isolate these cells. Astrocyte-biased hNSPCs differ from other cell types in electrophysiological properties, namely membrane capacitance, and we hypothesized that this could be used to enrich these cells using dielectrophoresis (DEP). We implemented a two-step DEP sorting scheme, consisting of analysis to define the optimal sorting frequency followed by separation of cells at that frequency, to test whether astrocyte-biased cells could be separated from the other cell types present in hNSPC cultures. We developed a novel device that increased sorting reproducibility and provided both enriched and depleted cell populations in a single sort. Astrocyte-biased cells were successfully enriched from hNSPC cultures by DEP sorting, making this the first study to use electrophysiological properties for label-free enrichment of human astrocyte-biased cells. Enriched astrocyte-biased human cells enable future experiments to determine the specific properties of these important cells and test their therapeutic efficacy in animal models of neurological diseases.

    更新日期:2019-12-29
  • 更新日期:2019-12-29
  • Construction of flexible enzymatic electrode based on gradient hollow fiber membrane and multi-wall carbon tubes meshes
    Biosens. Bioelectron. (IF 9.518) Pub Date : 2019-12-28
    Huating Huang; Tong Li; Min Jiang; Chenjie Wei; Shuyan Ma; Dajing Chen; Weijun Tong; Xiaojun Huang

    In this study, we developed a convenient way to construct a flexible enzymatic electrode with excellent stability and electrochemical performance for implanted glucose monitoring. The electrode was constructed through the co-immobilization of the glucose oxidase micro-particles (GOD MPs) and multi-wall carbon nanotubes (CNT) on the inner surface of a gradient-structured hollow fiber membrane (GHM), where CNT improved the electron transport efficiency and GHM controlled the transfer of substances and interferences. GOD MPs showed higher stability under various operation conditions than the free enzymes due to the MnCO3 template method, which enabled the biosensor to remain relative sensitivity at >86% over 9 days. The GOD MPs biosensor also showed high selectivity, reproducibility, and linear sensing range from 0 mM to 24 mM (R2 = 0.9993) with a current sensitivity of 25 nA/mM. The combination of porous-structured membrane and the flexible CNT meshes ensures the electrical connections and sensing accuracy of the biosensor under the deformation status. In-vivo experiments showed reliable current responses to variations in blood glucose concentrations that were consistent with tail blood test results. This co-immobilization of enzyme micro-particles in the 3D porous structure method developed a bio-composite platform technology towards the applications in flexible sensing and implantable medical devices.

    更新日期:2019-12-29
  • Polydopamine-coated downconversion nanoparticle as an efficient dual-modal near-infrared-II fluorescence and photoacoustic contrast agent for non-invasive visualization of gastrointestinal tract in vivo
    Biosens. Bioelectron. (IF 9.518) Pub Date : 2019-12-28
    Lina Ma; Sa Huang; Shuqing He; Zhenxin Wang; Zhen Cheng

    Herein, a multifunctional dual-modal imaging probe is successfully developed to integrate the advantages of second near-infrared window (NIR-II, 1000–1700 nm) fluorescence imaging (FI) and photoacoustic imaging (PAI) with the ultimate goal of improving diseases diagnosis and management. Melanin-inspired polydopamine (PDA) polymer coated NaYF4:Yb3+,Er3+@NaYbF4@NaYF4:Nd3+ down conversion nanoparticles (DCNPs) is designed via water-in-oil microemulsion method, which comprises a DCNP core, acting as the NIR-II optical imaging agent, and a PDA shell, acting as the PA contrast agent. By taking the advantages of high spatial resolution and excellent temporal resolution, the dual-modal contrast agent is capable for high sensitivity real-time visualization of gastrointestinal tract, diagnosis of gastrointestinal peristalsis disorder and NIR-II FI-guided intestinal obstruction surgery. All of the above results demonstrate the great potential of [email protected] NP as an efficient NIR-II/PAI dual-modal contrast agent for precision medicine.

    更新日期:2019-12-29
  • Early stage detection of Staphylococcus epidermidis biofilm formation using MgZnO dual-gate TFT biosensor
    Biosens. Bioelectron. (IF 9.518) Pub Date : 2019-12-28
    Guangyuan Li; Yifan Wu; Yuxuan Li; Yuzhi Hong; Xilin Zhao; Pavel Ivanoff Reyes; Yicheng Lu

    Early stage detection of biofilm formation is an important aspect of microbial research because once formed, biofilms show serious tolerance to antibiotics in contrast to the free-floating bacteria, which significantly increases the difficulty for clinical treatment of bacterial infections. The early stage detection technology is desired to improve the efficiency of medical treatments. In this work, we present a biosensor consisting of a magnesium zinc oxide (MZO) dual gate thin-film transistor (DGTFT) as the actuator and an MZO nanostructure (MZOnano) array coated conducting pad as the extended sensing gate for the early stage detection of Staphylococcus epidermidis (S. epidermidis) biofilm formation. S. epidermidis bacteria were cultured in vitro on the nanostructure modified sensing pad. Charge transfer occurs between microbial cells and the MZOnano during the initial bacterial adhesion stage. Such electrical signals, which represent the onset of biofilm formation, were dynamically detected by the DGTFT where the top gate electrode was connected to the extended MZOnano sensing pad and the bottom gate was used for biasing the device into the optimum characteristic region for high sensitivity and stable operation. The testing results show that a current change of ∼80% is achieved after ∼200 min of bacterial culturing. A crystal violet staining-based assay shows that tiny bacterial microcolonies just start to form at 200 min, and that it would take approximately 24 h to form matured biofilms. This technology enables medical professionals to act promptly on bacterial infection before biofilms get fully established.

    更新日期:2019-12-29
  • Computational approach and electrochemical measurements for protein detection with MIP-based sensor
    Biosens. Bioelectron. (IF 9.518) Pub Date : 2019-12-28
    Zouhour Mazouz; Meriem Mokni; Najla Fourati; Chouki Zerrouki; Florent Barbault; Mahamadou Seydou; Rafik Kalfat; Nourdin Yaakoubi; Asma Omezzine; Ali Bouslema; Ali Othmane

    Rapid and accurate detection of proteins in biological fluids is increasingly required in the biomedical environment. Actually, it is performed with conventional techniques, which are generally run by robotized platforms at centralized laboratories. In this work, molecular dynamics calculations and an experimental procedure were conducted to set up electrochemical sensors based on polypyrrol (PPy) molecular imprinted polymers (MIP) for proteins detection. Here, prostate-specific antigen (PSA) was selected as a template model. Computational calculations indicate that for any PPy conformation and any amino-acid location in the protein, PSA molecules remain strongly inserted in the PPy polymer without biological alterations. One from possible orientations, appeared to be most probable as it presents the lowest absorption energy (-363 kcal mol-1) and largest contact area (4034.1 Å2). The device was then elaborated by in situ electropolymerization of PPy films. MIP's thickness and extraction duration were optimized by chronoamperometry. Square wave voltammetry technique was investigated for PSA detection in standard solution in the concentration range of 3x10 -8 ng.ml-1- 300 ng ml-1. According to the Hill equation, the equilibrium dissociation constant Kdbetween PSA and its imprint was estimated at Kd = (1.02 ± 0.54) × 10-14 M, confirming the strong binding between the designed MIP and the protein as predicted by the computational study. PSA concentration values directly measured in 35 human serum samples were found closely correlated to those measured by the ELISA technique. The promising fast and low-cost sensor might be used successfully for proteins detection at low concentrations with high selectivity and reproducibility.

    更新日期:2019-12-29
  • Current research on single-entity electrochemistry for soft nanoparticle detection: Introduction to detection methods and applications
    Biosens. Bioelectron. (IF 9.518) Pub Date : 2019-12-27
    Thu Ha T. Nguyen; Jungeun Lee; Hae-Young Kim; Ki Min Nam; Byung-Kwon Kim

    In recent years, rapid progress in the field of single-entity electrochemistry (SEE) has opened a novel exploratory area in the field of analytical and electrochemistry. SEE is a method of studying the behavior of particles at the single particle level, which yields important information on the diffusion coefficient, individual particle size, size distribution, catalytic activity, collision frequency, and internal substances of the particles. Various types of particles have been studied through SEE. Among them, this review focuses on the results of analyzing soft particles (cells, proteins, viruses, liposomes, enzymes, vesicles, emulsion droplets, micelles, carbonaceous nanomaterials, and others). We introduce the various electrochemical techniques used in SEE and discuss important concepts and equations that must be known to apply SEE. We also introduce the results of recent research on several important soft particles. Finally, the potential applications in areas such as sensors, materials, catalysts, energy, and biomedicine, as well as the trends of related works are described. In the future, research on soft particle analysis using SEE is expected to increase rapidly, and this review is expected to be a valuable reference for researchers in the field.

    更新日期:2019-12-27
  • Adaption of an autonomously cascade DNA circuit for amplified detection and intracellular imaging of polynucleotide kinase with ultralow background
    Biosens. Bioelectron. (IF 9.518) Pub Date : 2019-12-27
    Jinhua Shang; Jie Wei; Qing Wang; Jing Wang; Yangjie Zhou; Shanshan Yu; Xiaoqing Liu; Fuan Wang
    更新日期:2019-12-27
  • Sensitive detection of low-concentration sulfide based on the synergistic effect of rGO, np-Au, and recombinant microbial cell
    Biosens. Bioelectron. (IF 9.518) Pub Date : 2019-12-26
    Congcong Bian; Huimin Wang; Xueli Zhang; Sa Xiao; Zhuang Liu; Xia Wang

    With the aggravation of sulfide pollution, more and more attention has been paid to the detection of sulfide in the environment. However, the detection of low-concentration sulfide is still a technical bottleneck to be solved urgently. In this study, a synergistic effect strategy that combines the co-catalysis of nanoporous gold (np-Au) and recombinant microbial cell with the excellent electrical conductivity of reduced graphene oxide (rGO) was proposed for the sensitive detection of low-concentration sulfide. A rGO/np-Au composite was fabricated and then used as an immobilization support for the bio-recognition element of recombinant Escherichia coli (E. coli) over-expressed sulfide: quinone oxidoreductase (SQR). A microbial biosensor (E. coliSQR/rGO/np-Au/GCE) was successfully constructed for the sensitive detection of low-concentration sulfide. Due to the synergistic effect of rGO, np-Au, and E. coliSQR cells, the sensitivity of the proposed microbial biosensor towards sulfide reached 400.42 μA mM−1 cm−2 with a wide linear response ranging from 100 nM to 7 mM, as well as a low detection limit of 98.5 nM using amperometric i-t curve method. Furthermore, the microbial biosensor was successfully applied to the detection of sulfide in wastewater with strong anti-interference ability, high reproducibility, and strong stability. These results confirmed that the proposed microbial biosensor was ideal for the detection of low-concentration sulfide in a reliable, specific, and sensitive way.

    更新日期:2019-12-27
  • Active fluidic chip produced using 3D-printing for combinatorial therapeutic screening on liver tumor spheroid
    Biosens. Bioelectron. (IF 9.518) Pub Date : 2019-12-26
    Yibo Feng; Bingquan Wang; Yin Tian; Hao Chen; Yonggang Liu; Haiming Fan; Kaige Wang; Ce Zhang

    Known for their capabilities in automated fluid manipulation, microfluidic devices integrated with pneumatic valves are broadly used for researches in life science and clinical practice. The application is, however, hindered by the high cost and overly complex fabrication procedure. Here, we present an approach for fabricating molds of active fluidic devices using a benchtop 3D printer and a simple 2-step protocol (i.e. 3D printing and polishing). The entire workflow can be completed within 6 h, costing less than US$ 5 to produce all necessary templates for PDMS replica molding, which have smooth surface and round-shaped pneumatic valve structures. Moreover, 3D printing can create unique bespoke on-off objects of a wide range of dimensions. The millimeter- and centimeter-sized features allow examination of large-scale biological samples. Our results demonstrate that the 3D-printed active fluidic device has valve control capacities on par with those made by photolithography. Controlled nutrients and ligands delivery by on-off active valves allows generation of dynamic signals mimicking the ever-changing environmental stimuli, and combinatorial/sequential drug inputs for therapeutic screening on liver tumor spheroid. We believe that the proposed methodology can pave the way for integration of active fluidic systems in research labs, clinical settings and even household appliances for a broad range of application.

    更新日期:2019-12-27
  • Electrochemical cytosensors for detection of breast cancer cells
    Biosens. Bioelectron. (IF 9.518) Pub Date : 2019-12-24
    Fereshteh Vajhadin; Samad Ahadian; Jadranka Travas-Sejdic; Junmin Lee; Mohammad Mazloum-Ardakani; Jocelynda Salvador; George E. Aninwene; Praveen Bandaru; Wujin Sun; Ali Khademhossieni

    Breast cancer is one of lethal cancers among women with its metastasis leading to cancer-related morbidity and mortality. Circulating tumor cells (CTCs) derived from a primary tumor can be detected in the venous blood of cancer patients. Monitoring CTCs in blood samples has increased exponentially over the past decades and holds great promise in the diagnosis and treatment of metastatic breast cancer. Electrochemical cytosensors, classified as a class of electrochemical biosensors for sensitive detection and enumeration of targeted cells with minimally invasive methods, have the advantages of electrochemical biosensors, such as simplicity, low cost, and low limit of detection. Here, we review recent progress in the detection of CTCs from breast cancer, one of the most lethal cancers among women, tissues with a focus on electrochemical cytosensors. This review describes platforms benefiting from these cytosensors to identify cancerous breast cells. Furthermore, strategies for signal amplification and also generation of reusable electrochemical cytosensors are introduced. In addition, breast cancer markers and biorecognition elements for cell capturing are reviewed.

    更新日期:2019-12-25
  • A serological point-of-care test for Zika virus detection and infection surveillance using an enzyme-free vial immunosensor with a smartphone
    Biosens. Bioelectron. (IF 9.518) Pub Date : 2019-12-24
    Ying-Pei Hsu; Nan-Si Li; Ying-Tzu Chen; Hao-Han Pang; Kuo-Chen Wei; Hung-Wei Yang

    Zika virus (ZIKV) is a mosquito-borne flavivirus (FLAV) that emerged in Brazil in 2015 and has rapidly spread to more than 50 countries worldwide. However, early, accurate, and specific point-of-care (POC) diagnosis of ZIKV is very difficult because most infected patients are asymptomatic or display nonspecific symptoms similar to those of other viral infections, and most of the analysis also requires instruments. Herein, an instrument-free ZIKV POC test using a drop of blood comprising a vial immunosensor, artificial nanozyme platinum/gold core-shell nanoparticles ([email protected] NPs) as a signal probe, and a smartphone was developed to specifically detect ZIKV without cross-reaction with other FLAVs. A high sensitivity of 1 pg/mL ZIKV, desirable specificity, data storage, and geographic location surveillance were simultaneously achieved for the proposed POC test. Our POC test suitably met the urgent needs of ports of entry, airports, and endemic regions with stressed resources, as well as strict clinical requirements for ZIKV detection.

    更新日期:2019-12-25
  • 3D-printed graphene direct electron transfer enzyme biosensors
    Biosens. Bioelectron. (IF 9.518) Pub Date : 2019-12-23
    Adaris M. López Marzo; Carmen C. Mayorga-Martinez; Martin Pumera

    Three-dimensional (3D) printing technology offers attractive possibilities for many fields. In electrochemistry, 3D printing technology has been used to fabricate customized 3D-printed electrodes as a platform to develop bio/sensing and energy generation and storage devices. Here, we use a 3D-printed graphene/polylactic (PLA) electrode made by additive manufacturing technology and immobilize horseradish peroxidase (HRP) to create a direct electron transfer enzyme-based biosensors for hydrogen peroxide detection. Gold nanoparticles are included in the system to facilitate heterogeneous electron transfer. This work opens a new direction for the fabrication of third-generation electrochemical biosensors using 3D printing technology, with implications for applications in the environmental and biomedical fields.

    更新日期:2019-12-23
  • 更新日期:2019-12-23
  • High peroxidase-like activity realized by facile synthesis of FeS2 nanoparticles for sensitive colorimetric detection of H2O2 and glutathione
    Biosens. Bioelectron. (IF 9.518) Pub Date : 2019-12-23
    Chan Song; Wei Ding; Weiwen Zhao; Haibo Liu; Jie Wang; Yuewei Yao; Cheng Yao

    In the last decades, enzyme mimics have been regarded as strong substitutes to natural enzymes. The construction of biosensors based on these enzyme mimics with competitive catalytic activity and substrate specificity has attracted a lot of research interest. Herein, for the first time, we investigated the capability of nanoscale FeS2 to serve as enzyme mimics. Then, a facile and effective biosensor is fabricated based on its intrinsic peroxidase-like catalytic activity. In the presence of H2O2, FeS2 NPs possess high peroxidase-like activity to 3,3′,5,5′-tetramethylbenzidine (TMB) oxidation, which can be ascribed to the generation of hydroxyl radicals (·OH) from the H2O2 decomposition catalysed by FeS2 NPs. As for TMB, the resulting Michaelis−Menten constant (Km) value of FeS2 NPs is found to be about 12 times lower than that of natural horseradish peroxidase (HRP), highlighting the superiority of FeS2 NPs. Based on these intriguing observations, a reliable colorimetric method is then developed for detection of H2O2 and glutathione (GSH) by a simple mix-and-detect strategy. The detection limits of H2O2 and glutathione (GSH) are as low as 0.91 μM and 0.15 μM (3σ/slope), respectively. Moreover, FeS2 NPs can also catalyst the photoluminescence (PL) substrate terephthalic acid (TA) under the assistance of H2O2. This work remarkably extends the utilization of FeS2 NPs in the construction of colorimetric and PL biosensors in the fields of biosensing, environmental monitoring, and medical diagnosis.

    更新日期:2019-12-23
  • Skin-conformal, soft material-enabled bioelectronic system with minimized motion artifacts for reliable health and performance monitoring of athletes
    Biosens. Bioelectron. (IF 9.518) Pub Date : 2019-12-23
    Shinjae Kwon; Young-Tae Kwon; Yun-Soung Kim; Hyo-Ryoung Lim; Musa Mahmood; Woon-Hong Yeo

    Recent advances in biosensors, bioelectronics, and system integration allow the development of wristband-type devices for health and performance monitoring of athletes. Although these devices provide adequate sensing outputs, they suffer from signal loss due to improper contact of a rigid sensor with the skin. In addition, when a rubber band tightly secures the sensor to the skin, the gap between sensor and skin causes inevitable motion artifacts, resulting in corrupted data. Consequently, the rigidity and bulky form factor of the existing devices are not suitable for a practical use since athletes typically go through strenuous activities during training and matches. Here, we introduce a soft, wearable flexible hybrid electronics (WFHE) with integrated flexible sensors and circuits in an ultrathin, low-modulus elastomer. The thin-film bioelectronic system avoids the use of bulky, rigid sensors, while providing negligible mechanical and thermal burdens to the wearer. Enabling conformal contact between sensor and skin minimizes undesired motion artifacts. A set of computational and experimental studies of soft materials, flexible mechanics, and system packaging provides key fundamental design factors for a comfortable, reliable, waterproof bioelectronic system. Skin conformal WFHE with sparse signal reconstruction enables reliable, continuous monitoring of photoplethysmogram, heart rate, and activities of athletes. Development of a quantitative analysis between impact force and impact velocity extracted from motion acceleration provides an objective assessment of an athletic punching force. Collectively, this study shows the first demonstration of a wireless, soft, thin-film electronics for a real-time, reliable assessment of athletic health and performance.

    更新日期:2019-12-23
  • Label-free approach for electrochemical ferritin sensing using biosurfactant stabilized tungsten disulfide quantum dots
    Biosens. Bioelectron. (IF 9.518) Pub Date : 2019-12-21
    Mayank Garg; Mary Chatterjee; Amit L. Sharma; Suman Singh
    更新日期:2019-12-21
  • Photoelectrochemical detection of circulating tumor cells based on aptamer conjugated Cu2O as signal probe
    Biosens. Bioelectron. (IF 9.518) Pub Date : 2019-12-20
    Junjun Luo; Dong Liang; Dan Zhao; Minghui Yang

    In this work, a sensitive and reliable photoelectrochemical (PEC) biosensor was proposed based on hexagonal carbon nitride tubes (HCNT) as photoactive material for detection of circulating tumor cells (CTCs). Magnetic Fe3O4 nanospheres (MNs) and Cu2O nanoparticles (Cu2O NPs) were utilized for highly efficient magnetic capture of CTCs and for signal amplification, respectively. First, anti-epithelial cell adhesion molecule (EpCAM) antibody was linked onto MNs for capture and enrichment of CTCs. With the captured MCF-7 coated onto the electrode, the photocurrent intensity of HCNT was decreased due to the steric hindrance derived from MCF-7. Then, when the Cu2O-aptamer probe was bound onto the CTC surface, the photocurrent intensity was further decreased because Cu2O NPs competed with HCNT for absorption of exciting light and the aptamer molecules increased the steric hindrance, which leads to significantly decreased photocurrent response, thus realizing dual signal amplification. Using the breast cancer cell MCF-7 as a model, the proposed PEC biosensor displays good performances with a linear range from 3 to 3000 cell mL−1 and limit of detection down to 1 cell mL−1. The HCNT-based PEC biosensor shows good performance for detection of CTCs, which may have potential applications in cancer diagnostics and therapeutics.

    更新日期:2019-12-21
  • An antifouling peptide-based biosensor for determination of Streptococcus pneumonia markers in human serum
    Biosens. Bioelectron. (IF 9.518) Pub Date : 2019-12-19
    Po-Han Chang; Chang-Ching Weng; Bor-Ran Li; Yaw-Kuen Li

    We report a peptide-based sensor that involves a multivalent interaction with L-ascorbate 6-phosphate lactonase (UlaG), a protein marker of Streptococcus pneumonia. By integrating the antifouling feature of the sensor, we significantly improved the signal-to-noise ratio of UlaG detection. The antifouling surface was fabricated via electrodeposition using an equivalent mixture of 4-amino-N,N,N-trimethylanilinium and 4-aminobenzenesulfonate. This antifouling layer not only effectively reduces the non-specific adsorption on the biosensor but also decreases the charge transfer resistance (Rct) of the screen-printed carbon electrode. The aniline-modified S7 peptide, an UlaG-binding peptide, was pre-synthesized and further electrochemically modified to bind onto the antifouling layer. Bio-electrochemical analysis confirms that the antifouling S7-peptide sensor binds strongly to the UlaG with a dissociation constant (Kd) = 0.5 nM. This strong interaction can be attributed to a multivalent interaction between the biosensor and the heximeric form of UlaG. To demonstrate the potential for clinical application, further detection of Streptococcus pneumonia from 50 to 5×104 CFU/mL were successfully performed in 25% human serum.

    更新日期:2019-12-20
  • 更新日期:2019-12-19
  • Rational engineering of Aerococcus viridans L-lactate oxidase for the mediator modification to achieve quasi-direct electron transfer type lactate sensor
    Biosens. Bioelectron. (IF 9.518) Pub Date : 2019-12-18
    Kentaro Hiraka; Katsuhiro Kojima; Wakako Tsugawa; Ryutaro Asano; Kazunori Ikebukuro; Koji Sode

    The L-lactate oxidase (LOx) based lactate sensors are widely used for clinical diagnostics, sports medicine, and food quality control. However, dissolved oxygen interference and electroactive interferent effects are inherent issues of current lactate sensors. In this paper, a quasi-direct electron transfer (quasi-DET) type lactate sensor was developed using rationally engineered Aerococcus viridans LOx (AvLOx) modified with amine-reactive phenazine ethosulfate (PES). Since the modification of wild type AvLOx by PES did not result quasi-DET, engineered AvLOx with additional Lys residue was designed. The additional Lys residue was introduced by substituting residue locating on the surface of AvLOx, and within 20 Å of the isoalloxazine ring of FMN. Among several constructed mutants, Ala96Leu/Asn212Lys double mutant showed the highest dye-mediated dehydrogenase activity with negligible oxidase activity, showing quasi-DET properties after PES modification, when the enzyme was immobilized on screen printed carbon electrode. The constructed electrode did not show oxygen interference in cyclic voltammetric analysis and distinct catalytic current with 20 mM L-lactate. The sensor performance of a chronoamperometric L-lactate sensor employing PES modified Ala96Leu/Asn212Lys AvLOx, marked with linear range between 0 and 1 mM, with sensitivity of 13 μA/mM∙cm2, and a limit of detection of 25 μM for L-lactate. By applying −200 mV vs. Ag/AgCl, L-lactate could be monitored with negligible interference from 170 μM ascorbic acid, 1.3 mM acetaminophen, 1.4 mM uric acid or 20 mM glucose. These results indicated that a quasi-DET type lactate sensor was developed that did not suffer from the interference of oxygen and representative electroactive ingredient compounds. (249 words).

    更新日期:2019-12-19
  • Near field non-invasive electrophysiology of retrotrapezoid nucleus using amperometric cation sensor
    Biosens. Bioelectron. (IF 9.518) Pub Date : 2019-12-18
    Sujasha Gupta; José Javier Otero; Vishnu Baba Sundaresan; Catherine Miriam Czeisler
    更新日期:2019-12-18
  • D-amino acid electrochemical biosensor based on D-amino acid oxidase: Mechanism and high performance against enantiomer interference
    Biosens. Bioelectron. (IF 9.518) Pub Date : 2019-12-17
    Tingting Tian; Mingxia Liu; Lixia Chen; Fengjiao Zhang; Xin Yao; Hong Zhao; Xiangjun Li

    For D-amino acid (DAA) electrochemical biosensors, it is necessary to achieve chiral recognition in racemic solutions or mixtures. However, common chiral recognition is only performed in a single isomer solution. Here, D-amino acid oxidase (DAAO) was used as a chiral selector, and carbon nanotubes (CNTs) as a signal amplifier to construct a non-mediator-style DAA biosensor. The biosensor showed high performance against enantiomer interference: in alanine (Ala) enantiomer mixtures, accurate quantification of D-Ala was achieved when the concentration ratio of L-Ala to D-Ala was 100. In Ala racemic solutions, the linear equation slope was almost consistent with that of standard D-Ala. This high performance was due to the combination of stereoselectivity (enzyme protein) and a catalytic reaction (redox center). The mechanism for the electrical signal change of the biosensor was explored and verified by cyclic voltammetry (CV). The results showed that (i) flavin adenine dinucleotide (FAD, redox center of DAAO) was a direct electroactive substance that produced a reduction peak current; in the presence of O2, the amount of FAD increased leading to an increase of the reduction peak current. (ii) In the presence of DAA, the chemical reaction FAD+DAA → imino acids+ FADH2 occurred and consumed FAD, which resulted in its decrease; thus, the reduction peak current also decreased. Under the same oxygen concentration, the linear decrease of the reduction peak current in the presence of DAA was due to FAD consumption. The biosensor was used for practical analyses in milk and urine samples with satisfactory results.

    更新日期:2019-12-18
  • Serological point-of-care and label-free capacitive diagnosis of dengue virus infection
    Biosens. Bioelectron. (IF 9.518) Pub Date : 2019-12-17
    Juliana Cecchetto; Adriano Santos; Adriano Mondini; Eduardo M. Cilli; Paulo R. Bueno

    Dengue non-structural protein 1 (NS1 DENV) is considered a biomarker for dengue fever in an early stage. A sensitive and rapid assay for distinguishing positive from negative dengue infection samples is imperative for epidemic control and public health in tropical regions because it enables the development of instantaneous updatable databases and effective surveillance systems. Presently, we successfully report, for the first time, the use of the electrochemical capacitive method for the detection of NS1 DENV biomarker in human serum samples. By using a ferrocene-tagged peptide modified surface containing anti-NS1 as the receptor, it was possible to differentiate positive from negative samples with a p < 0.01 in a reagentless and label-free capacitive format. This capacitive assay had a cut-off of 1.36% (confidence interval of 99.99%); it therefore opens new avenues for developing miniature label-free electrochemical devices for infectious diseases.

    更新日期:2019-12-18
  • A colorimetric Loop-mediated isothermal amplification (LAMP) assay based on HRP-mimicking molecular beacon for the rapid detection of Vibrio parahaemolyticus
    Biosens. Bioelectron. (IF 9.518) Pub Date : 2019-12-16
    Jeong-Eun Lee; Hyoyoung Mun; Se-Ri Kim; Min-Gon Kim; Ji-Yoon Chang; Won-Bo Shim

    In the world wide, food poisoning accidents related to Vibrio spp. are on the rise, even numbers of food poisoning by other foodborne pathogens are decreasing. Therefore, the requirement of the rapid, sensitive and convenient detection method for V. parahaemolyticus has been grown. The objective of this study is to develop a colorimetric loop-mediated isothermal amplification (LAMP) assay using a molecular beacon (HRPzyme connected with complementary oligonucleotides at the 5′ and 3′ ends) for the rapid, sensitive, and convenient detection of V. parahaemolyticus. The colorimetric LAMP assay optimized at 58.8°C showed a detection limit of 1 × 100 CFU/mL and was confirmed to be specific to V. parahaemolyticus. The colorimetric LAMP assay can be finished within 1 h including DNA extraction step. The method was successfully applied to flatfish samples artificially inoculated with known amount of V. parahaemolyticus, and its cut-off value for the flatfish samples was 1 × 101 CFU/g. In addition, the colorimetric LAMP assay developed in the study was found to be able to correct false-positive results, which are known to be a disadvantage of conventional LAMP assays. Therefore, these results indicated that the colorimetric LAMP method is a useful tool for the rapid, sensitive and convenient detection of V. parahaemolyticus in fishes and can also be used as a point-of-care molecular diagnostic technique since it does not require any expensive equipment such as a thermocycler and detectors.

    更新日期:2019-12-17
  • Enhanced electrochemiluminescence of luminol based on Cu2O–Au heterostructure enabled multiple-amplification strategy
    Biosens. Bioelectron. (IF 9.518) Pub Date : 2019-12-16
    Xiaodong Zhu; Hao Liu; Yuxue Dai; Xueying Wang; Chuannan Luo; Qin Wei

    Herein, a credible construction strategy to improve electrochemiluminescence (ECL) of luminol was developed based on Cu2O–Au heterostructures. Summarily, gold nanoparticles (AuNPs) were anchored on surface of Cu2O nanocube (Cu2[email protected]) by spontaneous reduction reaction. Then, luminol molecules were concentrated on Cu2[email protected] using L-Cysteine (Cys) as covalent linkage to build the composite emitter (Cu2[email protected]). The enhancement mechanism was realized by following aspects: (I) Cu2[email protected] worked as electrocatalyst for glucose to generate coreactant of H2O2 in situ, avoiding the instability of direct addition of H2O2. (II) luminol molecules were firmly attached on Cu2[email protected] to achieve centralized and strong luminescence at low consumption. (III) Cys acted as an intramolecular coreactant and directly linked to luminol to increase luminous efficiency. To validate the effectiveness, a sandwiched immunoassay was built using concanavalinA (ConA) as analyte. Electroreduced graphene film as substrate provided phenoxy-derivatized dextran (DexP) with abundant binding sites and improved conductivity. To improve the specificity, DexP was used to identify ConA via the specific carbohydrate-ConA interaction. Then, Cu2[email protected] was modified on electrode as ECL signal indicator. The ECL immunosensor achieved determination of ConA with low detection limit of 2.9 × 10−5 ng/mL and excellent stability of continuous potential scan for 8 cycles. Experimental results demonstrated that the proposed construction strategy made considerable progress in ECL efficiency and stability of luminol. The creational pattern of construction strategy achieves high detection capabilities to ConA and expands the applicability of luminol in ECL system. It is expected to have more potential application value in immunoassay with universality.

    更新日期:2019-12-17
  • Fluorometric determination of amifostine and alkaline phosphatase on amphiprotic molecularly imprinted silica crosslinked with binary functional silanes and carbon dots
    Biosens. Bioelectron. (IF 9.518) Pub Date : 2019-12-16
    Ching-Bin Ke; Te-Ling Lu; Jian-Lian Chen

    A silica-based molecularly imprinted polymer (MIP) formed by functional silanes (basic 3-aminopropyltriethoxysilane (APTES) and acidic 2-(4-chlorosulfonylphenyl)ethyltrimethoxysilane (CSPTMS)) was crosslinked with carbon dots (CDs) to develop a fluorescent sensor toward an amphiprotic template, amifostine (AMF). The CDs were synthesized by hydrothermal carbonization of succinic acid and an ionic liquid and possessed hydroxyl and pyrrolic functional groups, which enabled the CDs to be derivatized with silanes for subsequent sol-gel polymerization. Except for the CDs derivatized with tetraethoxysilane, CD-APTES, CD-CSPTMS, and CD-APTES/CSPTMS (molar ratio = 1/1) all presented distinct fluorescence dynamic quenching when interacted with AMF. However, APTES/CSPTMS was selected as the sol-gel monomer for the formation of MIP because its quenching ratio and imprinted factor were the highest among the CD-silane-MIPs. Moreover, 0.5 mg/mL of CD-APTES/CSPTMS -MIP in pH 7.5 buffer was used to quantify AMF (0.5–200 nM, LOD = 0.15 nM) and alkaline phosphatase (ALP) (2–150 μU/mL, LOD = 0.5 μU/mL), which activates the metabolism of AMF, and the calibration curves of AMF and ALP were determined via fluorescence quenching and restoration, respectively. The recoveries of 1, 10, and 60 nM AMF from 360-fold-diluted human serum solutions were 95, 104, and 103%, respectively, with RSD values that were lower than 4.2%. The average ALP activity of the original human serum was determined to be 32.1 U/L (RSD = 5.41%).

    更新日期:2019-12-17
  • High catalytic performance of Amano laccase wired to naphthylated multiwall carbon nanotubes
    Biosens. Bioelectron. (IF 9.518) Pub Date : 2019-12-14
    A. Ben Tahar; K. Żelechowska; J.F. Biernat; E. Paluszkiewicz; P. Cinquin; D. Martin; A. Zebda

    The direct electrical connection of laccase on the electrode surface is a key feature in the design of efficient and stable biocathodes. However, laccase can perform a direct electron transfer only when it is in the preferred orientation toward the electrode. Here we report the investigation of the orientation of laccase from white rot fungus on multi-walled carbon nanotube surface modified with a naphthalene group. Naphthylated multi wall carbon nanotubes were synthesized and the kinetics of laccase from white rot fungus adsorption and its direct electro-catalytic activity toward oxygen reduction was investigated by QCM and electrochemical techniques. Compared to pristine multi-walled carbon nanotubes laccase shows a high affinity to be adsorbed onto the surface of naphthylated carbon nanotubes at a very fast rate. The subsequent wiring to the naphthylated multi-walled carbon nanotubes is accompanied by a reorientation and arrangement of adsorbed laccase to create a composite biocathode that exhibits a high-performance for oxygen reduction by direct electron transfer with maximum current densities of 3 mA cm−2.

    更新日期:2019-12-17
  • Wrinkled metal based quantum sensor for In vitro cancer diagnosis
    Biosens. Bioelectron. (IF 9.518) Pub Date : 2019-12-14
    Srisankari Ganesan; Krishnan Venkatakrishnan; Bo Tan

    This article presents a unique 3D biocompatible Aluminum-based quantum structure (QS) for in vitro cancer detection using Surface Enhanced Raman Scattering (SERS). The Al-based QSs fabricated using ultrashort pulsed laser are of two distinct surface characters, wrinkled and smooth spherical. The limit of detection for chemical sensing of Crystal Violet and Rhodamine 6G by the Al-QS was driven up to single molecule sensing (femtomolar concentration). Biological sensing of cysteine, a disease biomarker and carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA), a cancer biomarker was also tested by the Al-QS. The ability of in vitro cell detection using Al-QS was analyzed with three cell lines, mammalian fibroblast and pancreatic and lung cancer cells. The Al-QS were up taken by the cells through label-free self-internalization and were sensed by SERS. Further assay was performed to differentiate cancerous and non-cancerous cells by measuring lipid and protein peak intensity within the cells. The result of this research indicated that SERS based Al-QS could be a suitable candidate for the early diagnosis of cancer.

    更新日期:2019-12-17
  • Porphyrin Trio−Pendant fullerene guest as an In situ universal probe of high ECL efficiency for sensitive miRNA detection
    Biosens. Bioelectron. (IF 9.518) Pub Date : 2019-12-13
    Guang Liu; Jiajin Hong; Kefeng Ma; Yin Wan; Xutong Zhang; Yaqi Huang; Kai Kang; Meng Yang; Jialiang Chen; Shengyuan Deng

    In this work, pyrrolidyl C60 derivative was recruited as an unadulterated and congruent nano-hub to converge three zinc porphyrins on its monopole. Such peculiar assembly was convinced via micro-imaging and spectrophotometry. Making the best of fullerenyl proficiency in catalytic singlet O2 generation and excited-state preservation, a multiplied electrochemiluminescence (ECL) emission bursted out from the porphyrin trinity in a synergistic manner. Without any prebio-conjugation, this orderly ECL-active individual turned to anchor in the toroid of a peripherally modified gamma-cyclodextrin in a good shape match. From the facile direct mounting of the latter derives a universal bio-probing technique based upon such host-guest inclusion. Its binding pattern and the concomitant effects on interfacial properties were revealed by systematic process characterizations. Taking advantages of this uniform ensemble in both size and stoichiometry, an in situ terminal labelling strategy during the recognition-induced allosteric event came into being, which managed a neat signal enhancement for the detection of model miRNA marker. Even in real samples, the developed sensing approach could achieve high precision, comparable sensitivity and satisfactory selectivity. The adaptation of macrocyclic chemistry for refined biotransducers and efficient ECL amplifiers would offer a generic and potent alternative to the analyte-specified ECL indicator-receptor build in bioassays.

    更新日期:2019-12-17
  • ISFET and Dex-AgNPs based portable sensor for reusable and real-time determinations of concanavalin A and glucose on smartphone
    Biosens. Bioelectron. (IF 9.518) Pub Date : 2019-12-13
    Shuang Zhao; Cong Shi; Hongyang Hu; Zhengping Li; Gang Xiao; Qiaochun Yang; Peng Sun; Linyang Cheng; Wencheng Niu; Jinshun Bi; Zhao Yue
    更新日期:2019-12-17
  • Dual-amplified strategy for ultrasensitive electrochemical biosensor based on click chemistry-mediated enzyme-assisted target recycling and functionalized fullerene nanoparticles in the detection of microRNA-141
    Biosens. Bioelectron. (IF 9.518) Pub Date : 2019-12-13
    Lili Zhou; Ting Wang; Yan Bai; Yi Li; Juhui Qiu; Wen Yu; Sheng Zhang

    Rapid and efficient detection of tumor marker at the early stages is one of the crucial challenges in cancer diagnostics and therapy. In this study, an ultrasensitive electrochemical biosensor was fabricated by dual-amplified strategy for the detection of ultra-trace microRNA-141 (miRNA-141). Firstly, two split sequences contained G-quadruplex were connected by click chemistry-mediated nucleic acid strands self-assembly and the obtained complete G-quadruplex was complementary with miRNA-141 to formed DNA-RNA hybrid duplexes. Subsequently, the formed DNA-RNA hybrid duplexes were specifically recognized by duplex-specific nuclease (DSN), and the DNA part of the duplexes were cleaved and the miRNA-141 were released to trigger next cycle, which acquired a primal signal amplification by enzyme-assisted target recycling (EATR). Moreover, amino and thiol group multi-labeled functionalized fullerene nanoparticles (FC60) with a larger surface active sites and better biocompatibility, were designed rationally to modify the Au electrodes, which produced multiply-enhanced amplified signal. This dual-amplified sensing system exhibited a remarkable analytical performance for the detection of miRNA-141 in concentrations ranging from 0.1 pM to 100 nM and the detection limit of 7.78 fM was obtained. Compared with the biosensor with single amplification strategy such as EATR, this electrochemical biosensor based on dual-amplified strategy exhibited an excellent discrimination capability and higher analytical performance. Therefore, this electrochemical biosensor might hold a great potential for further applications in biomedical research and early clinical diagnosis.

    更新日期:2019-12-17
  • Peptide nucleic acid based tension sensor for cellular force imaging with strong DNase resistance
    Biosens. Bioelectron. (IF 9.518) Pub Date : 2019-12-10
    Yuanchang Zhao, Anwesha Sarkar, Xuefeng Wang

    DNA is a versatile biomaterial with well-defined mechanical and biochemical properties. It has been broadly adopted to synthesize tension sensors that calibrate and visualize cellular forces at the cell-matrix interface. Here we showed that DNA-based tension sensors are vulnerable to deoxyribonucleases (DNases) which cells may express on cell membrane or secret to the culture environment. These DNases can damage the sensors, lower signal-to-noise ratio or even produce false signal in cellular force imaging. To address this issue, we tested peptide nucleic acid (PNA), chemically modified RNA and their hybrids with DNA as alternative biomaterials for constructing tension sensors. Four duplexes: double-stranded DNA (dsDNA), PNA/DNA, dsRNA (modified RNA) and PNA/RNA, were tested and evaluated in terms of DNase resistance, cellular force imaging ability and material robustness. The results showed that all PNA/DNA, dsRNA and PNA/RNA exhibited strong resistance to both soluble DNase I and membrane-bound DNase on cells. However, PNA/RNA-based tension sensor had low signal-to-noise ratio in cellular force imaging, while dsRNA-based tension sensor exhibited strong non-specific signal unrelated to cellular forces. Only PNA/DNA-based tension sensor reported cellular forces with highest signal-to-noise ratio and specificity. Collectively, we confirmed that PNA/DNA hybrid is an accessible material for the synthesis of DNase-resistant tension sensor that retains the force-reporting capability and remains stable in DNase-expressing cells. This new class of tension sensors will broaden the application of tension sensors in the study of cell mechanobiology.

    更新日期:2019-12-11
  • Peptide cleavage-mediated photoelectrochemical signal on-off via CuS electronic extinguisher for PSA detection
    Biosens. Bioelectron. (IF 9.518) Pub Date : 2019-12-09
    Jinge Zhao, Shaopeng Wang, Sibao Zhang, Peini Zhao, Jianrong Wang, Mei Yan, Shenguang Ge, Jinghua Yu

    In this work, a peptide-based photoelectrochemical (PEC) biosensor was constructed based on CdTe/TiO2 sensitized structure as electrode and CuS nanocrystals as signal amplifier for the ultrasensitive detection of protein. After peptide was fixed to the CdTe/TiO2 electrode surface, the double-helix DNA (dsDNA) was immobilized at the end of the peptide and used as a carrier to immobilize the doxorubicin-copper sulfide nanocrystals (Dox-CuS) conjugates. As a proof of concept, prostate specific antigen (PSA) has been chosen as the model. In absence of PSA, CuS nanocrystals could consume electron donors and exciting light energy. Additionally, the steric hindrance effect of biomacromolecules hindered the movement of electron donors to the photoelectrode. Eventually, the photoelectric response signal was reduced, and the biosensor was in a “signal off” state. When PSA existed, the PSA specifically cleaved the peptide, and DNA/Dox-CuS probes were released from the electrode surface, resulting in a “signal on” state. The PEC biosensor revealed good specificity, stability, and reproducibility, and it exhibited excellent application in PSA analysis with a linear range from 0.005 to 20 ng mL−1 and a low detection limit of 0.0015 ng mL−1. This PEC biosensor may have potential applications in bioanalysis, disease diagnostics, and clinical biomedicine.

    更新日期:2019-12-11
  • Exosomes-mediated synthetic dicer substrates delivery for intracellular dicer imaging detection
    Biosens. Bioelectron. (IF 9.518) Pub Date : 2019-12-09
    Wenhao Dai, Lei Su, Huiting Lu, Haifeng Dong, Xueji Zhang
    更新日期:2019-12-11
  • Single-molecule biosensors: Recent advances and applications
    Biosens. Bioelectron. (IF 9.518) Pub Date : 2019-12-09
    Namik Akkilic, Stefan Geschwindner, Fredrik Höök
    更新日期:2019-12-11
  • Target-triggered hot spot dispersion for cellular biothiol detection via background-free surface-enhanced Raman scattering tags
    Biosens. Bioelectron. (IF 9.518) Pub Date : 2019-12-09
    Yanting Shen, Jing Yue, Wei Shi, Weiqing Xu, Shuping Xu

    Abnormal cellular biothiol levels are related to many abnormal physiological processes, including cancer, multidrug resistance and Alzheimer's disease, etc. In this study, the nano-aggregates of the background-free surface-enhanced Raman scattering (SERS) tags were constructed and developed for the intracellular biothiol detection via a target-triggered deaggregation process. The plasmonic nano-tags were prepared by coating gold nanoparticles with a Raman reporter (4-mercaptobenzonitrile, MBN), which exhibits single strong peaks in the cellular Raman silent region (1800−2800 cm−1) that can eliminate the background interference of cells. Interestingly, this reporter is also a host ligand for guest mercury ions. The coordination of mercury/cyano group pre-aggregates nano-tags and the formed nano-aggregates allow strong SERS signals of reporters. Intracellular biothiols show higher affinity to mercury ions than the SERS tags do, which can break the hot spot geometry and re-disperses tags by taking away mercury ions from nano-aggregates, which dramatically decreases the SERS signals of reporters previously laid on gold nanoparticles. The developed SERS “turn off” method was used for biothiol detections in normal, cancer, drug-resistant cells, and biothiol dynamics during chemotherapy. The results demonstrate that the drug-resistant cells (MCF-ADR) lie in a higher biothiol level than cancer cells (MCF-7 and HepG2), and the normal cells (LO2) give a lower biothiol concentration compared with cancer cells. Moreover, most cancer cells are more sensitive to doxorubicin compared with the normal ones. This study provides an important strategy in learning the cellular processes that are highly associated with intracellular biothiol level.

    更新日期:2019-12-09
  • Highly self-healable and flexible cable-type pH sensors for real-time monitoring of human fluids
    Biosens. Bioelectron. (IF 9.518) Pub Date : 2019-12-07
    Jo Hee Yoon, Seon-Mi Kim, Hongjun Park, Yeong Kyun Kim, Dongyeop X. Oh, Han-Won Cho, Kyoung G. Lee, Sung Yeon Hwang, Jeyoung Park, Bong Gill Choi

    Development of sensing technology with wearable chemical sensors is realizing non-invasive, real-time monitoring healthcare and disease diagnostics. The advanced sensor devices should be compact and portable for use in limited space, easy to wear on human body, and low-cost for personalized healthcare markets. Here, we report a highly sensitive, flexible, and autonomously self-healable pH sensor cable developed by weaving together two carbon fiber thread electrodes coated with mechanically robust self-healing polymers. The pH sensor cable showed excellent electrochemical performances of sensitivity, repeatability, and durability. Spontaneous and autonomous sensor healing efficiency of the pH sensor cable was demonstrated by measuring sensitivity during four cycles of cutting and healing process. The pH sensor cable could measure pH in small volumes of real human fluid samples, including urine, saliva, and sweat, and the results were similar to those of a commercial pH meter. Taken together, successful real-time pH monitoring for human sweat was demonstrated by fabricating a wearable sensing system in which the pH sensor cable was knitted into a headband integrated with wireless electronics.

    更新日期:2019-12-07
  • Natural receptor-based competitive immunoelectrochemical assay for ultra-sensitive detection of Siglec 15
    Biosens. Bioelectron. (IF 9.518) Pub Date : 2019-12-06
    Zhongzheng Zhu, Jiayi Zhu, Jialin Zhao, Kexuan Zhu, Qing Xu, Hongxia Chen

    Sialic acid-binding immunoglobulin-like lectin 15 (Siglec 15) is a novel immunomodulatory target and was identified as an immune suppressor in the tumor microenvironment. Accurate assessment of Siglec 15 expression levels is critical for cancer prognosis and treatment. In this work, a natural receptor-based immunoelectrochemical sensor is designed to mimic the interaction between Siglec 15 and DNAX-activation protein (DAP 12) in the cellular signal pathway. DAP 12 labeled with the electrochemical signal molecule Fc is recognized by Siglec 15 through specific interaction on the electrode surface and used as the signal reporter. Anti-Siglec 15 modified MNPs (MNPs-Ab) were used as the extraction agent for the magnetic extraction of target analytes in complex matrices. Free Anti-Siglec 15 will “squeeze out” the DAP 12-Fc to bind the Siglec 15 on the electrode surface, resulting a sensitive electrochemical signal change according to the Siglec 15 concentration in sample. Natural receptor-based competitive assay ensure the efficient binding between antibody and Siglec 15 and decrease the nonspecific interaction. Therefore, this simple natural receptor-based competitive assay with sensitivity and selectivity has potential for practical clinical application.

    更新日期:2019-12-07
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