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  • Hollandites’ crystal chemistry, properties, and processing: a review
    Int. Mater. Rev. (IF 21.086) Pub Date : 2020-03-25
    Priyatham Tumurugoti; Soutik Betal; S. K. Sundaram

    This review provides a broad overview of the structural characteristics, compositional flexibility, and structure–property relationships of hollandite materials. Hollandites have a general formula AxB8O16, x ≤ 2, with ‘A’ cations located in one-dimensional tunnels formed by a framework of ‘B’–O octahedra. With numerous possibilities for chemical and structural modifications, hollandite family provides

    更新日期:2020-03-27
  • Dense fibrillar collagen-based hydrogels as functional osteoid-mimicking scaffolds
    Int. Mater. Rev. (IF 21.086) Pub Date : 2020-03-18
    Gabriele Griffanti; Showan N. Nazhat

    There is an increasing need to generate novel materials for the treatment and augmentation of bone defects, affecting millions of people worldwide. Fibrillar type I collagen is the most abundant tissue matrix protein in bone, providing its key native scaffolding material. However, while in vitro reconstituted collagen hydrogels of physically entangled, nano-fibred meshes, have long served as three-dimensional

    更新日期:2020-03-19
  • Biomaterial-based strategies to prime dendritic cell-mediated anti-cancer immune responses
    Int. Mater. Rev. (IF 21.086) Pub Date : 2020-03-18
    Wooram Park; Kwang Hoon Song; Jaesung Lim; Chun Gwon Park; Junsang Doh; Dong Keun Han

    Cancer immunotherapy has been extremely successful in curing patients over the last decade. Immune checkpoint blockades (ICBs) that unleash the brakes in T-cells to promote cytotoxicity against cancer cells are the most successful forms of cancer immunotherapy, yet therapeutic efficacy needs to be improved as only a fraction of patients responds. Dendritic cells (DCs) are immune cells that prime immune

    更新日期:2020-03-19
  • Comprehensive review on alloy design, processing, and performance of β Titanium alloys as biomedical materials
    Int. Mater. Rev. (IF 21.086) Pub Date : 2020-03-05
    Sumit Bahl; Satyam Suwas; Kaushik Chatterjee

    Metastable β Ti alloys are widely projected for manufacturing the next generation of biomedical implants. The primary applications of these materials are envisaged in orthopedic, cardiovascular, and orthodontic biomedical devices. Development of an alloyprogresses through stages of compositional design, thermo-mechanical processing, and evaluation of material performance. This review tracks the progress

    更新日期:2020-03-06
  • Polymer-based porous microcarriers as cell delivery systems for applications in bone and cartilage tissue engineering
    Int. Mater. Rev. (IF 21.086) Pub Date : 2020-02-10
    Zhihua Zhou; Wei Wu; Jianjun Fang; Jingbo Yin

    For tissue regeneration or repair, a suitable temporary scaffold needs to be constructed for delivering regenerative cells to damaged or diseased tissue. Scaffold types are currently categorised into 3D monolithic scaffolds, hydrogels, and microcarriers. Among these scaffolds, microcarrier systems offer an attractive method for cell amplification and enhancement of phenotype expression, and they have

    更新日期:2020-02-10
  • Advances in additive manufacturing of metal-based functionally graded materials
    Int. Mater. Rev. (IF 21.086) Pub Date : 2020-01-09
    Ashley Reichardt; Andrew A. Shapiro; Richard Otis; R. Peter Dillon; John Paul Borgonia; Bryan W. McEnerney; Peter Hosemann; Allison M. Beese

    Over the 2010s technological improvements allowed metal additive manufacturing to graduate from a prototyping tool to a widespread, full-scale manufacturing process. Among the capabilities still under development, however, is the ability to locally tailor alloy composition and properties to fabricate bulk, complex geometry functionally graded materials (FGMs), eliminating the need for dissimilar-metal

    更新日期:2020-01-09
  • Model-driven design of bioactive glasses: from molecular dynamics through machine learning
    Int. Mater. Rev. (IF 21.086) Pub Date : 2019-12-06
    Maziar Montazerian, Edgar D. Zanotto, John C. Mauro

    Research in bioactive glasses (BGs) has traditionally been performed through trial-and-error experimentation. However, several modelling techniques will accelerate the discovery of new BGs as part of the ongoing endeavour to ‘decode the glass genome.’ Here, we critically review recent publications applying molecular dynamics simulations, machine learning approaches, and other modelling techniques for

    更新日期:2019-12-07
  • Selection, processing, properties and applications of ultra-high temperature ceramic matrix composites, UHTCMCs – a review
    Int. Mater. Rev. (IF 21.086) Pub Date : 2019-09-16
    Jon Binner, Matt Porter, Ben Baker, Ji Zou, Vinothini Venkatachalam, Virtudes Rubio Diaz, Andrea D'Angio, Prabhu Ramanujam, Tailin Zhang, T. S. R. C. Murthy

    Composites are, in general, a rapidly evolving and growing technical field with a very wide range of applications across the aerospace, defence, energy, medical and transport sectors as a result of their superior mechanical and physical properties. Ultra-high temperature ceramic matrix composites, UHTCMCs, are a new subfield within the wider grouping of CMCs that offer applications in rocket and hypersonic

    更新日期:2019-10-25
  • Hybrid materials – a review on co-dispersion, processing, patterning, and properties
    Int. Mater. Rev. (IF 21.086) Pub Date : 2019-08-22
    Kathy Lu

    Inorganic and organic hybrids are a class of new materials that are purposely designed and arranged at individual species levels (often at nanoscale) to provide new morphological attributes and properties. This review is intended to offer a systematic discussion and understanding of nanoparticle–polymer hybrid materials. First, integration of nanoparticles and organic matrices is explained from two

    更新日期:2019-10-25
  • A review on mechanistic understanding of MnO2 in aqueous electrolyte for electrical energy storage systems
    Int. Mater. Rev. (IF 21.086) Pub Date : 2019-08-20
    Jaewook Shin, Joon Kyo Seo, Riley Yaylian, An Huang, Ying Shirley Meng

    The demand for the large-scale storage system has gained much interest. Among all the criteria for the large-scale electrical energy storage systems (EESSs), low cost ($ k Wh−1) is the focus where MnO2-based electrochemistry can be a competitive candidate. It is notable that MnO2 is one of the few materials that can be employed in various fields of EESSs: alkaline battery, supercapacitor, aqueous rechargeable

    更新日期:2019-10-25
  • Morphological diversity of AlN nano- and microstructures: synthesis, growth orientations and theoretical modelling
    Int. Mater. Rev. (IF 21.086) Pub Date : 2019-07-29
    Hayk H. Nersisyan, Jong Hyeon Lee, Hyun You Kim, Seunhwa Ryu, Bung Uk Yoo

    Recent developments have seen breakthroughs in zero-, one-, two-, and three-dimensional AlN micro- and nanostructures, such as nanoparticles, nanowires, nanotubes, thin films and 3D multifold symmetry crystals. The attractive electrical, optical, and thermal properties of AlN make these materials irreplaceable for microelectrochemical systems (MEMS), surface acoustic waves (SAWs) and light emitting

    更新日期:2019-10-25
  • Review of structural models for the compositional interpretation of metallic glasses
    Int. Mater. Rev. (IF 21.086) Pub Date : 2019-07-12
    Chuang Dong, Zi-Jian Wang, Shuang Zhang, Ying-Min Wang

    Composition interpretation of metallic glasses with high glass-forming abilities is an important issue, which relies on insights into their complex atomic structures. With the aim of illustrating the advance in structural modelling of metallic glasses, representative atomic and electronic structural models are summarised in this review, including Bernal’s dense random packing model, Gaskell’s stereochemical

    更新日期:2019-10-25
  • A progress report on the MAB phases: atomically laminated, ternary transition metal borides
    Int. Mater. Rev. (IF 21.086) Pub Date : 2019-07-11
    Sankalp Kota, Maxim Sokol, Michel W. Barsoum

    The MAB phases are atomically layered, ternary or quaternary transition metal (M) borides (TMBs), with the general formula (MB)2zAx(MB2)y (z = 1–2; x = 1–2; y = 0–2), whose structures are composed of a transition M-B sublattices interleaved by A-atom (A = Al,Zn) mono- or bilayers. Most of the MAB phases were discovered before the 1990s, but recent discoveries of intriguing magnetocaloric properties

    更新日期:2019-10-25
  • Surface engineering and applications of nanodiamonds in cancer treatment and imaging
    Int. Mater. Rev. (IF 21.086) Pub Date : 2019-06-26
    H. Lai, M. H. Stenzel, P. Xiao

    Nanodiamonds (NDs) are emerging as a promising platform for theranostic particles because they unite a spectrum of important properties into a single agent, including facile synthesis, small size, inertness, rich surface functional groups, biocompatibility, stable fluorescence and long fluorescence lifetime. These unique properties have stimulated the application of NDs in cancer treament and imaging

    更新日期:2019-10-25
  • Brazing filler metals
    Int. Mater. Rev. (IF 21.086) Pub Date : 2019-05-14
    Matthew Way, Jack Willingham, Russell Goodall

    Brazing is a 5000-year-old joining process which still meets advanced joining challenges today. In brazing, components are joined by heating above the melting point of a filler metal placed between them; on solidification a joint is formed. It provides unique advantages over other joining methods, including the ability to join dissimilar material combinations (including metal-ceramic joints), with

    更新日期:2019-10-25
  • A review of Long fibre thermoplastic (LFT) composites
    Int. Mater. Rev. (IF 21.086) Pub Date : 2019-03-11
    Haibin Ning, Na Lu, Ahmed Arabi Hassen, Krishan Chawla, Mohamed Selim, Selvum Pillay

    Long fibre-reinforced thermoplastic or long fibre thermoplastic (LFT) composites possess superior specific modulus and strength, excellent impact resistance, and other advantages such as ease of processability, recyclability, and excellent corrosion resistance. These advantages make LFT composites one of the most advanced lightweight engineering materials and enable their increasing use in various

    更新日期:2019-10-25
  • Tailoring the electrical and thermal conductivity of multi-component and multi-phase polymer composites
    Int. Mater. Rev. (IF 21.086) Pub Date : 2019-03-01
    Yao Huang, Christopher Ellingford, Chris Bowen, Tony McNally, Daming Wu, Chaoying Wan

    The majority of polymers are electrical and thermal insulators. In order to create electrically active and thermally conductive polymers and composites, the hybrid-filler systems is an effective approach, i.e. combining different types of fillers with different dimensions, in order to facilitate the formation of interconnected conducting networks and to enhance the electrical, thermal, mechanical and

    更新日期:2019-10-25
  • Degradation of optical materials in solid-state lighting systems
    Int. Mater. Rev. (IF 21.086) Pub Date : 2019-01-27
    M. Yazdan Mehr, A. Bahrami, W. D. van Driel, X. J. Fan, J. L. Davis, G. Q. Zhang

    In this paper, degradation mechanisms of optical materials, used in the light emitting diode (LED)-based products, are reviewed. The LED lighting is one of the fastest technology shifts in human history. Lighting accounts for almost 20% of the global electrical energy use, inferring that replacement of traditional lighting sources with LEDs with higher efficiencies will have major positive implications

    更新日期:2019-10-25
  • Viscosity of chalcogenide glass-formers
    Int. Mater. Rev. (IF 21.086) Pub Date : 2019-01-09
    Petr Koštál, Jana Shánělová, Jiří Málek

    Chalcogenide glass-formers are being used in a remarkable range of various optoelectronic, photonics, photoconducting, sensing and memory device applications. The knowledge of viscosity is essential for the processing of any glass-forming material, in particular for the fabrication of precise optical elements, which is the main application field of chalcogenide glasses. This work presents an extensive

    更新日期:2019-10-25
  • Hybrid materials – a review on co-dispersion, processing, patterning, and properties
    Int. Mater. Rev. (IF 21.086) Pub Date : 
    Kathy Lu

    Inorganic and organic hybrids are a class of new materials that are purposely designed and arranged at individual species levels (often at nanoscale) to provide new morphological attributes and properties. This review is intended to offer a systematic discussion and understanding of nanoparticle–polymer hybrid materials. First, integration of nanoparticles and organic matrices is explained from two

    更新日期:2019-08-22
  • A review of Long fibre-reinforced thermoplastic or long fibre thermoplastic (LFT) composites
    Int. Mater. Rev. (IF 21.086) Pub Date : 2019-03-11
    Haibin Ning, Na Lu, Ahmed Arabi Hassen, Krishan Chawla, Mohamed Selim, Selvum Pillay

    Long fibre-reinforced thermoplastic or long fibre thermoplastic (LFT) composites possess superior specific modulus and strength, excellent impact resistance, and other advantages such as ease of processability, recyclability, and excellent corrosion resistance. These advantages make LFT composites one of the most advanced lightweight engineering materials and enable their increasing use in various

    更新日期:2019-03-12
  • Tailoring the electrical and thermal conductivity of multi-component and multi-phase polymer composites
    Int. Mater. Rev. (IF 21.086) Pub Date : 2019-03-01
    Yao Huang, Christopher Ellingford, Chris Bowen, Tony McNally, Daming Wu, Chaoying Wan

    The majority of polymers are electrical and thermal insulators. In order to create electrically active and thermally conductive polymers and composites, the hybrid-filler systems is an effective approach, i.e. combining different types of fillers with different dimensions, in order to facilitate the formation of interconnected conducting networks and to enhance the electrical, thermal, mechanical and

    更新日期:2019-03-01
  • Progress in modelling solidification microstructures in metals and alloys: dendrites and cells from 1700 to 2000
    Int. Mater. Rev. (IF 21.086) Pub Date : 2018-11-19
    Wilfried Kurz, David J. Fisher, Rohit Trivedi

    This is the first account of the history of our understanding of, and ability to model, solidification microstructures. Its objective is to retrace the scientific steps made, from the earliest observations of the eighteenth century to our present-day understanding of dendrites and eutectics. Because of the abundance of information, especially that added during the present century, sub-division was

    更新日期:2019-02-26
  • Development of strong, oxidation and corrosion resistant nickel-based superalloys: critical review of challenges, progress and prospects
    Int. Mater. Rev. (IF 21.086) Pub Date : 2018-10-11
    R. Darolia

    A comprehensive review of alloying effects in nickel-based single-crystal superalloys for turbine blades and vanes operating in a very aggressive environment of stress, oxidation and corrosion is presented. Exceptionally strong single-crystal superalloys have been developed containing increasing amounts of rhenium and decreasing amounts of chromium resulting in reduced environmental resistance. Interactions

    更新日期:2019-02-26
  • Biodegradable polyol-based polymers for biomedical applications
    Int. Mater. Rev. (IF 21.086) Pub Date : 2018-08-19
    Queeny Dasgupta, Giridhar Madras, Kaushik Chatterjee

    Polyols are multifunctional alcohols, with branched structures, where each arm terminates with an –OH group. These free –OH groups have been utilised to make a variety of polymer structures ranging from cross-linked to linear to starshaped. This review presents a comprehensive account of polyol-based polymers in biomedical applications. The advantages afforded by polyolbased biodegradable polymers

    更新日期:2019-02-26
  • Bast fibres: structure, processing, properties, and applications
    Int. Mater. Rev. (IF 21.086) Pub Date : 2018-07-26
    Vahid Sadrmanesh, Ying Chen

    There is an increasing demand for natural fibres worldwide due to their renewable and biodegradable nature. This paper reviews many aspects of natural fibres, focusing on the bast fibres of plants including hemp, flax, kenaf, jute, and ramie. Important characteristics of these plant fibres include physical, mechanical, dielectric, degradation, hygroscopic, and surface properties. These properties are

    更新日期:2019-02-26
  • Modeling dislocations and heat conduction in crystalline materials: atomistic/continuum coupling approaches
    Int. Mater. Rev. (IF 21.086) Pub Date : 2018-06-25
    Shuozhi Xu, Xiang Chen

    Dislocations and heat conduction are essential components that influence properties and performance of crystalline materials, yet the modelling of which remains challenging partly due to their multiscale nature that necessitates simultaneously resolving the short-range dislocation core, the long-range dislocation elastic field, and the transport of heat carriers such as phonons with a wide range of

    更新日期:2019-02-26
  • Surface modification to control the water wettability of electrospun mats
    Int. Mater. Rev. (IF 21.086) Pub Date : 2018-06-25
    Rafael S. Kurusu, Nicole R. Demarquette

    Electrospun mats have many possible applications in which it is important to control their interaction with water: when used as separation membranes, superhydrophobic mats can remove oil from water, whereas when used as scaffolds for tissue engineering, hydrophilic mats present better cell affinity. Frequently, however, the surface properties of the polymer fibers that compose the mat need to be modified

    更新日期:2019-02-26
  • Review: creep of fibre-reinforced ceramic matrix composites
    Int. Mater. Rev. (IF 21.086) Pub Date : 2019-02-14
    Jacques Lamon

    The content of the review covers, first, generalities on creep. Then, the creep of ceramics and fibres, that are key constituents of fibre-reinforced ceramic matrix composites (CMCs) are addressed. The general features of ceramic matrix composites that may influence the creep behaviour and creep rupture are discussed. Emphasis is placed on microstructure–property relationships and load sharing between

    更新日期:2019-02-15
  • Review: creep of fibre-reinforced ceramic matrix composites
    Int. Mater. Rev. (IF 21.086) Pub Date : 2019-02-14
    Jacques Lamon

    The content of the review covers, first, generalities on creep. Then, the creep of ceramics and fibres, that are key constituents of fibre-reinforced ceramic matrix composites (CMCs) are addressed. The general features of ceramic matrix composites that may influence the creep behaviour and creep rupture are discussed. Emphasis is placed on microstructure–property relationships and load sharing between

    更新日期:2019-02-14
  • Degradation of optical materials in solid-state lighting systems
    Int. Mater. Rev. (IF 21.086) Pub Date : 2019-01-27
    M. Yazdan Mehr, A. Bahrami, W. D. van Driel, X. J. Fan, J. L. Davis, G. Q. Zhang

    In this paper, degradation mechanisms of optical materials, used in the light emitting diode (LED)-based products, are reviewed. The LED lighting is one of the fastest technology shifts in human history. Lighting accounts for almost 20% of the global electrical energy use, inferring that replacement of traditional lighting sources with LEDs with higher efficiencies will have major positive implications

    更新日期:2019-01-28
  • Cementite
    Int. Mater. Rev. (IF 21.086) Pub Date : 2019-01-11
    H. K. D. H. Bhadeshia

    Cementite occurs in steels, in meteorites, possibly at the core of the Earth and has uses in its pure form. It's composition can deviate from

    更新日期:2019-01-13
  • Cementite
    Int. Mater. Rev. (IF 21.086) Pub Date : 2019-01-11
    H. K. D. H. Bhadeshia

    ABSTRACT Cementite occurs in steels, in meteorites, possibly at the core of the Earth and has uses in its pure form. It's composition can deviate from Fe3C, but not by much because the Fe–C bond contributes to its cohesion. Its crystallographic unit cell is orthorhombic and primitive, with large lattice parameters, explaining its hardness. Many of its properties are anisotropic. Its single-crystal

    更新日期:2019-01-11
  • Viscosity of chalcogenide glass-formers
    Int. Mater. Rev. (IF 21.086) Pub Date : 2019-01-09
    Petr Koštál, Jana Shánělová, Jiří Málek

    Chalcogenide glass-formers are being used in a remarkable range of various optoelectronic, photonics, photoconducting, sensing and memory device applications. The knowledge of viscosity is essential for the processing of any glass-forming material, in particular for the fabrication of precise optical elements, which is the main application field of chalcogenide glasses. This work presents an extensive

    更新日期:2019-01-10
  • Dewetting mechanisms and their exploitation for the large-scale fabrication of advanced nanophotonic systems
    Int. Mater. Rev. (IF 21.086) Pub Date : 2018-12-18
    Jongpil Ye, Dmitry Zuev, Sergey Makarov

    Recent progress in submicron- and nano-fabrication technologies has led to the emergence of novel photonic structures such as optical nanoantennas and metasurfaces. Real-life applications of these advanced photonic structures still require substantial improvement of the fabrication processes, in terms of their throughput and cost-effectiveness. Because of its simplicity and effectiveness, dewetting

    更新日期:2018-12-18
  • Dewetting mechanisms and their exploitation for the large-scale fabrication of advanced nanophotonic systems
    Int. Mater. Rev. (IF 21.086) Pub Date : 2018-12-18
    Jongpil Ye, Dmitry Zuev, Sergey Makarov

    Recent progress in submicron- and nano-fabrication technologies has led to the emergence of novel photonic structures such as optical nanoantennas and metasurfaces. Real-life applications of these advanced photonic structures still require substantial improvement of the fabrication processes, in terms of their throughput and cost-effectiveness. Because of its simplicity and effectiveness, dewetting

    更新日期:2018-12-18
  • Gold nanotubes and nanorings: promising candidates for multidisciplinary fields
    Int. Mater. Rev. (IF 21.086) Pub Date : 2018-12-11
    Umair Shamraiz, Bareera Raza, Hidayat Hussain, Amin Badshah, Ivan R. Green, Farwa Ahmad Kiani, Ahmed Al-Harrasi

    Gold is considered as an inert metal and ranks as one of the noblest among all the metals. Progressive importance associated with nanotechnology offers potential development of new methods and controlled morphologies of the anisotropic gold nanostructures to develop its innovative properties and commensurate applications. The unique gold nanostructures are considered for their potential applications

    更新日期:2018-12-12
  • Gold nanotubes and nanorings: promising candidates for multidisciplinary fields
    Int. Mater. Rev. (IF 21.086) Pub Date : 2018-12-11
    Umair Shamraiz, Bareera Raza, Hidayat Hussain, Amin Badshah, Ivan R. Green, Farwa Ahmad Kiani, Ahmed Al-Harrasi

    Gold is considered as an inert metal and ranks as one of the noblest among all the metals. Progressive importance associated with nanotechnology offers potential development of new methods and controlled morphologies of the anisotropic gold nanostructures to develop its innovative properties and commensurate applications. The unique gold nanostructures are considered for their potential applications

    更新日期:2018-12-11
  • Progress in modelling solidification microstructures in metals and alloys: dendrites and cells from 1700 to 2000
    Int. Mater. Rev. (IF 21.086) Pub Date : 2018-11-19
    Wilfried Kurz, David J. Fisher, Rohit Trivedi

    This is the first account of the history of our understanding of, and ability to model, solidification microstructures. Its objective is to retrace the scientific steps made, from the earliest observations of the eighteenth century to our present-day understanding of dendrites and eutectics. Because of the abundance of information, especially that added during the present century, sub-division was

    更新日期:2018-11-19
  • Development of strong, oxidation and corrosion resistant nickel-based superalloys: critical review of challenges, progress and prospects
    Int. Mater. Rev. (IF 21.086) Pub Date : 2018-10-11
    R. Darolia

    A comprehensive review of alloying effects in nickel-based single-crystal superalloys for turbine blades and vanes operating in a very aggressive environment of stress, oxidation and corrosion is presented. Exceptionally strong single-crystal superalloys have been developed containing increasing amounts of rhenium and decreasing amounts of chromium resulting in reduced environmental resistance. Interactions

    更新日期:2018-10-11
  • Metallic composite coatings by electroless technique – a critical review
    Int. Mater. Rev. (IF 21.086) Pub Date : 2018-08-09
    Jerin K. Pancrecious, Sarah Bill Ulaeto, R. Ramya, T. P. D. Rajan, B. C. Pai

    The development of composite/nanocomposite coatings on various surfaces based on electroless process has much interest among researchers due to their enhanced mechanical, electrical, magnetic, and optical properties compared with their metallic or alloy counterparts. These coatings have shown many applications in automotive, aerospace and industrial fields with unique characteristics obtained by the

    更新日期:2018-09-30
  • Wood-based biochar for the removal of potentially toxic elements in water and wastewater: a critical review
    Int. Mater. Rev. (IF 21.086) Pub Date : 2018-07-02
    Sabry M. Shaheen, Nabeel Khan Niazi, Noha E. E. Hassan, Irshad Bibi, Hailong Wang, Daniel C. W. Tsang, Yong Sik Ok, Nanthi Bolan, Jörg Rinklebe

    Recently, biochar has received significant attention, especially for the removal of potentially toxic elements (PTEs) from water and wastewater. No review has been focused on the potential use of wood-based biochar (WB) for the removal of PTEs in water and wastewater. Here, we have critically reviewed the (i) preparation and characterisation of WB; (ii) removal efficiency of WB for PTEs in water with

    更新日期:2018-09-30
  • Size-dependent mechanical responses of metallic glasses
    Int. Mater. Rev. (IF 21.086) Pub Date : 2018-05-19
    Yunfeng Shi

    Metallic glasses (MGs) are arguably one of the most exciting metallic systems in the past 30 years, attracting significant research effort and undergoing rapid development. Parallel to research on crystalline metals, the sample size has been exploited as property-tuning parameters for MGs. It has been shown that nanometre-sized MG samples exhibit higher-than-bulk elastic limit, tensile strength, and

    更新日期:2018-09-30
  • A review of recent work on discharge characteristics during plasma electrolytic oxidation of various metals
    Int. Mater. Rev. (IF 21.086) Pub Date : 2018-04-26
    Trevor William Clyne, Samuel Christopher Troughton

    The review describes recent progress on understanding and quantification of the various phenomena that take place during plasma electrolytic oxidation, which is in increasing industrial use for production of protective coatings and other surface treatment purposes. A general overview of the process and some information about usage of these coatings are provided in the first part of the review. The

    更新日期:2018-09-30
  • Recent advances in fibre-hybrid composites: materials selection, opportunities and applications
    Int. Mater. Rev. (IF 21.086) Pub Date : 2018-04-25
    Yentl Swolfs, Ignaas Verpoest, Larissa Gorbatikh

    Fibre-hybrid composites are composed of two or more fibre types in a matrix. Such composites offer more design freedom than non-hybrid composites. The aim is often to alleviate the drawbacks of one of the fibre types while keeping the benefits of the other. The hybridisation can also lead to synergetic effects or to properties that neither of the constituents possess. Even though fibre-hybrid composites

    更新日期:2018-09-30
  • Recent concepts in biodegradable polymers for tissue engineering paradigms: a critical review
    Int. Mater. Rev. (IF 21.086) Pub Date : 2018-04-18
    Naseer Iqbal, Abdul Samad Khan, Anila Asif, Muhammad Yar, John W. Haycock, Ihtesham Ur Rehman

    Tissue engineering and regenerative medicine are emerging as future approaches for the treatment of acute and chronic diseases. Numerous clinical conditions exist today and include congenital disorders, trauma, infection, inflammation, and cancer, in which hard and soft tissue damage, organ failure and loss are still not treated effectively. Researchers are constantly developing new biomaterials and

    更新日期:2018-09-30
  • Magnetically triggered release of biologics
    Int. Mater. Rev. (IF 21.086) Pub Date : 2018-04-02
    Olivia L. Lanier, Adam G. Monsalve, Peter S. McFetridge, Jon Dobson

    The development of platforms for the controlled release of therapeutic molecules remains a crucial research focus, as controlled release reduces the frequency of administration, minimizes side effects and improves compliance. However, biological conditions and diseases with a progression that exhibits strong temporal dependence, or those that can result in the evolution of tolerance to the therapeutic

    更新日期:2018-09-30
  • Microfluidic synthesis of functional inorganic micro-/nanoparticles and applications in biomedical engineering
    Int. Mater. Rev. (IF 21.086) Pub Date : 2018-02-08
    Nanjing Hao, Yuan Nie, John X. J. Zhang

    Engineered micro-/nanoparticles of various physicochemical properties play significant roles in biomedical engineering from biosensing, in vivo imaging, in vitro diagnosis, drug delivery to therapy. Compared to conventional batch synthesis, microfluidics-based synthesis enables precise reaction control, enhanced mixing, and rapid chemical reactions, allowing for the flow synthesis of particles in a

    更新日期:2018-09-30
  • Magnesium extrusion alloys: a review of developments and prospects
    Int. Mater. Rev. (IF 21.086) Pub Date : 2018-01-16
    Zhuoran Zeng, Nicole Stanford, Christopher Huw John Davies, Jian-Feng Nie, Nick Birbilis

    Magnesium (Mg) alloys have received a significant interest in the past 20 years, owing to a nonlinearly increasing demand for lightweight structural materials. Magnesium extrusions alloys to date have had lower industrial uptake than their counterpart aluminium extrusion alloys, predominantly due to lower extrudability and formability, tension-compression yield asymmetry and no clear advantage in the

    更新日期:2018-09-30
  • Microstructural features, mechanical properties and high temperature failures of ferritic to ferritic dissimilar welds
    Int. Mater. Rev. (IF 21.086) Pub Date : 2018-01-16
    Peter Mayr, Christian Schlacher, John A. Siefert, Jonathan D. Parker

    Dissimilar metal welds (DMWs) between ferritic steel grades are found extensively in the construction of thermal power plants. The potential combinations and approaches for joining dissimilar ferritic steels are nearly limitless. For DMWs, the difference in alloy composition (specifically chromium and carbide-forming elements) provides the main driving force for carbon diffusion during welding, post-weld

    更新日期:2018-09-30
  • Powder metallurgy of titanium – past, present, and future
    Int. Mater. Rev. (IF 21.086) Pub Date : 2017-08-28
    Zhigang Zak Fang, James D. Paramore, Pei Sun, K. S. Ravi Chandran, Ying Zhang, Yang Xia, Fei Cao, Mark Koopman, Michael Free

    Powder metallurgy (PM) of titanium is a potentially cost-effective alternative to conventional wrought titanium. This article examines both traditional and emerging technologies, including the production of powder, and the sintering, microstructure, and mechanical properties of PM Ti. The production methods of powder are classified into two categories: (1) powder that is produced as the product of

    更新日期:2018-09-20
  • Biodegradable polyol-based polymers for biomedical applications
    Int. Mater. Rev. (IF 21.086) Pub Date : 2018-08-19
    Queeny Dasgupta, Giridhar Madras, Kaushik Chatterjee

    Polyols are multifunctional alcohols, with branched structures, where each arm terminates with an –OH group. These free –OH groups have been utilised to make a variety of polymer structures ranging from cross-linked to linear to starshaped. This review presents a comprehensive account of polyol-based polymers in biomedical applications. The advantages afforded by polyolbased biodegradable polymers

    更新日期:2018-08-19
  • Metallic composite coatings by electroless technique – a critical review
    Int. Mater. Rev. (IF 21.086) Pub Date : 2018-08-09
    Jerin K. Pancrecious, Sarah Bill Ulaeto, R. Ramya, T. P. D. Rajan, B. C. Pai

    The development of composite/nanocomposite coatings on various surfaces based on electroless process has much interest among researchers due to their enhanced mechanical, electrical, magnetic, and optical properties compared with their metallic or alloy counterparts. These coatings have shown many applications in automotive, aerospace and industrial fields with unique characteristics obtained by the

    更新日期:2018-08-09
  • Bast fibres: structure, processing, properties, and applications
    Int. Mater. Rev. (IF 21.086) Pub Date : 2018-07-26
    Vahid Sadrmanesh, Ying Chen

    There is an increasing demand for natural fibres worldwide due to their renewable and biodegradable nature. This paper reviews many aspects of natural fibres, focusing on the bast fibres of plants including hemp, flax, kenaf, jute, and ramie. Important characteristics of these plant fibres include physical, mechanical, dielectric, degradation, hygroscopic, and surface properties. These properties are

    更新日期:2018-07-26
  • Wood-based biochar for the removal of potentially toxic elements in water and wastewater: a critical review
    Int. Mater. Rev. (IF 21.086) Pub Date : 2018-07-02
    Sabry M. Shaheen, Nabeel Khan Niazi, Noha E. E. Hassan, Irshad Bibi, Hailong Wang, Daniel C. W. Tsang, Yong Sik Ok, Nanthi Bolan, Jörg Rinklebe

    Recently, biochar has received significant attention, especially for the removal of potentially toxic elements (PTEs) from water and wastewater. No review has been focused on the potential use of wood-based biochar (WB) for the removal of PTEs in water and wastewater. Here, we have critically reviewed the (i) preparation and characterisation of WB; (ii) removal efficiency of WB for PTEs in water with

    更新日期:2018-07-02
  • Surface modification to control the water wettability of electrospun mats
    Int. Mater. Rev. (IF 21.086) Pub Date : 2018-06-25
    Rafael S. Kurusu, Nicole R. Demarquette

    Electrospun mats have many possible applications in which it is important to control their interaction with water: when used as separation membranes, superhydrophobic mats can remove oil from water, whereas when used as scaffolds for tissue engineering, hydrophilic mats present better cell affinity. Frequently, however, the surface properties of the polymer fibers that compose the mat need to be modified

    更新日期:2018-06-25
  • Modeling dislocations and heat conduction in crystalline materials: atomistic/continuum coupling approaches
    Int. Mater. Rev. (IF 21.086) Pub Date : 2018-06-25
    Shuozhi Xu, Xiang Chen

    Dislocations and heat conduction are essential components that influence properties and performance of crystalline materials, yet the modelling of which remains challenging partly due to their multiscale nature that necessitates simultaneously resolving the short-range dislocation core, the long-range dislocation elastic field, and the transport of heat carriers such as phonons with a wide range of

    更新日期:2018-06-25
  • Size-dependent mechanical responses of metallic glasses
    Int. Mater. Rev. (IF 21.086) Pub Date : 2018-05-19
    Yunfeng Shi

    Metallic glasses (MGs) are arguably one of the most exciting metallic systems in the past 30 years, attracting significant research effort and undergoing rapid development. Parallel to research on crystalline metals, the sample size has been exploited as property-tuning parameters for MGs. It has been shown that nanometre-sized MG samples exhibit higher-than-bulk elastic limit, tensile strength, and

    更新日期:2018-05-19
  • Microwave-assisted synthesis of nanocrystalline binary and ternary metal oxides
    Int. Mater. Rev. (IF 21.086) Pub Date : 2017-12-22
    Markus B. Schütz, Lisong Xiao, Thomas Lehnen, Thomas Fischer, Sanjay Mathur

    Interplay of chemistry and nanotechnology has effectively substantiated the ever-expanding horizons of materials chemistry, leading to a paradigm shift in (nano)materials synthesis. Current challenges of chemically processed materials include efforts to redesign synthetic procedures by using less hazardous starting materials, choosing milder reaction conditions, shortening time scale of chemical transformations

    更新日期:2018-05-18
  • Review: microstructure-development mechanism during sintering in polycrystalline zirconia
    Int. Mater. Rev. (IF 21.086) Pub Date : 2017-11-21
    Koji Matsui, Hidehiro Yoshida, Yuichi Ikuhara

    Y2O3-stabilised ZrO2 (YSZ) ceramics have been used for various engineering applications since Garvie et al. discovered phase-transformation toughening in 1975. The performance of YSZ ceramics depends on the YSZ microstructure. In the present review, the tetragonal-to-cubic phase transformation and grain growth are first discussed, organised according to existing hypotheses of microstructure-development

    更新日期:2018-05-18
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