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  • Chemistry and dynamics in the thought of G.W. Leibniz II
    Found. Chem. (IF 0.677) Pub Date : 2020-07-07
    Miguel Escribano-Cabeza

    Is Leibnizian dynamics the New Physics sought in his youth to provide a solution to the problem of body unity/composition? This question can only be answered tentatively. The thesis that I will develop in this second part is that chemical-combinatoria project is not complete without some ideas of dynamics. The idea of form, which since the early Leibniz’s philosophy is projected to give a foundation

    更新日期:2020-07-07
  • Chemistry is pluralistic
    Found. Chem. (IF 0.677) Pub Date : 2020-07-07
    Klaus Ruthenberg, Ave Mets

    Recently, philosophers have come forth with approaches to chemistry based on its actual practice, imparting to it a proper aim and character of its own. These approaches add to the currently growing movement of pluralist philosophies of science. We draw on recent pluralist accounts from (the philosophy of) chemistry and analyse three notions from modern chemical practice and theory (acidity, electronegativity

    更新日期:2020-07-07
  • Organic chemistry as representation
    Found. Chem. (IF 0.677) Pub Date : 2020-07-06
    Eamonn F. Healy

    Electron redistribution is the cornerstone of our understanding of chemical reactivity. For the vast majority of organic reactions electrons are assumed to move in pairs providing explanatory mechanisms through the generation of intermediate structures. But for many transformations these discrete steps are idealized constructs, involving intermediates assumed but not empirically justified. This unitary

    更新日期:2020-07-06
  • A new definition of reduction between two scientific theories: no reduction of chemistry to quantum mechanics
    Found. Chem. (IF 0.677) Pub Date : 2020-07-05
    Antonino Drago

    All suggested notions of reduction of two scientific theories are critically reviewed and analyzed. In particular those applied to the case of the alleged reduction of Chemistry to Quantum mechanics are examined. Since it is recognized that the weakness of this field of research is the lack of a definition of a scientific theory, it is suggested that a scientific theory is characterized by two choices

    更新日期:2020-07-05
  • A relational-constructionist account of protein macrostructure and function
    Found. Chem. (IF 0.677) Pub Date : 2020-06-17
    Gil Santos, Gabriel Vallejos, Davide Vecchi

    One of the foundational problems of biochemistry concerns the conceptualisation of the relationship between the composition, structure and function of macromolecules like proteins. Part of the recent philosophical literature displays a reductionist bias, that is, the endorsement of a form of microstructuralism mirroring an out-dated biochemical conceptualisation. We shall argue that such microstructuralist

    更新日期:2020-06-18
  • Ontological status of time in chemistry
    Found. Chem. (IF 0.677) Pub Date : 2020-06-11
    N. Sukumar

    While temporal considerations are of prime importance for chemical reactions, as well as for molecular stability, most chemical concepts (outside of the field of chemical kinetics) are not explicitly formulated on a diachronic basis (Earley in Found Chem 14:235, 2012). It will be argued here that a formulation explicitly incorporating temporal and epistemological considerations enables us to treat

    更新日期:2020-06-11
  • Prediction, accommodation and the periodic table: a reappraisal
    Found. Chem. (IF 0.677) Pub Date : 

    Abstract The history of the diffusion and confirmation of Mendeleev’s periodic table of elements has proven to be a challenging testbed for contemporary philosophical debates on the role of predictions in science. More than ten years of fruitful literature came after Scerri and Worrall (Stud Hist Phil Sci 32(3):407–452, 2001) versus Maher (Proc Bienn Meet Philos Sci Assoc 1:273–285, 1988) and Lipton

    更新日期:2020-06-07
  • How to investigate the underpinnings of sciences? The case of the element chlorine
    Found. Chem. (IF 0.677) Pub Date : 2020-06-05
    Sarah Hijmans, Jean-Pierre Llored

    In recent publications, Harré and Llored (in: Javenovic (ed) Challenges of cultural psychology, Routledge, London, pp 189–206, 2018a; Philosophy, 93:167–186, 2018b; The analysis of practices, Cambridge Scholars Publishing, Newcastle upon Tyne, 2019) take the role of philosophy of science as a digging out of the ‘hinges’, that are the tacit elements of a discipline. In this perspective, the philosophy

    更新日期:2020-06-05
  • Watch the colors: or about qualitative thinking in chemistry
    Found. Chem. (IF 0.677) Pub Date : 2020-06-04
    Wojciech Grochala

    Abstract The importance of watching and understanding color of chemical compounds and linking it to diverse physical and chemical properties is illustrated here using transition metal oxides at the highest achievable oxidation state of a metal. Analyses are based on qualitative thinking supported by Molecular Orbital theory in its simplest implementation. Graphic abstract

    更新日期:2020-06-04
  • Philosophy, natural kinds, microstructuralism, and the (mis)use of chemical examples: intimacy versus integrity as orientations towards chemical practice
    Found. Chem. (IF 0.677) Pub Date : 2020-05-16
    Clevis Headley

    This essay critically considers the issue of natural kind essentialism. More specifically, the essay critically probes the philosophical use of chemical examples to support realism about natural kinds. My simple contention is that the natural kind debate can be understood in terms of two different cultures of academic production. These two cultures will be conceptualized using Thomas Kasulis’s distinction

    更新日期:2020-05-16
  • A comment about the meaning and significance of life in the light of generalized crystallography
    Found. Chem. (IF 0.677) Pub Date : 2020-04-22
    Amihud Gilead

    The time-honored questions concerning the meaning and significance of life should be discussed not only in the light of various philosophical and literary considerations but also from the natural scientific perspectives as human beings are conditioned parts of nature as a whole. Hence, in this paper, I discuss these questions from the perspectives of two major and universal scientific fields, namely

    更新日期:2020-04-22
  • A scale of atomic electronegativity in terms of atomic nucleophilicity index
    Found. Chem. (IF 0.677) Pub Date : 2020-01-30
    Hiteshi Tandon, Tanmoy Chakraborty, Vandana Suhag

    Abstract Electronegativity (χ) is an important physico-chemical concept to study the chemical structure and reactivity. Although, the conundrum related to measurement of electronegativity still persists. In view of this fact, a simple yet rigorous scale of electronegativity (χ), invoking an inverse relationship with atomic nucleophilicity index (N), has been proposed for 103 elements of the periodic

    更新日期:2020-04-21
  • A nuclear periodic table
    Found. Chem. (IF 0.677) Pub Date : 2020-04-21
    K. Hagino, Y. Maeno

    There has been plenty of empirical evidence which shows that the single-particle picture holds to a good approximation in atomic nuclei. In this picture, protons and neutrons move independently inside a mean-field potential generated by an interaction among the nucleons. This leads to the concept of nuclear shells, similar to the electronic shells in atoms. In particular, the magic numbers due to closures

    更新日期:2020-04-21
  • Early theoretical chemistry: Plato’s chemistry in Timaeus
    Found. Chem. (IF 0.677) Pub Date : 2020-04-12
    Francesco Di Giacomo

    The Timaeus is the dialogue that was for many centuries the most influential of Plato’s works. Among its readers we find Descartes, Boyle, Kepler and Heisenberg. In the first division of Timaeus Plato deals with the theory of celestial motion, in the second he presents us with the first mathematical theory of the structure of matter. Here, in a gigantic step forward with respect to the preceding Democritean

    更新日期:2020-04-12
  • Molecular models and scientific realism
    Found. Chem. (IF 0.677) Pub Date : 2020-04-08
    Gabriela García Zerecero

    The practice of theoretical research in chemistry largely consists in the construction of models without which experimentation would be impossible. The best-known theoretical models in chemistry are those of the molecular structures of chemical compounds. What is the correspondence between these models and the unobservable entities that they are meant to explain? What is the ontological status of molecular

    更新日期:2020-04-08
  • Understanding molecular structure requires constructive realism
    Found. Chem. (IF 0.677) Pub Date : 2020-03-29
    Hirofumi Ochiai

    Since molecules are inaccessible to immediate observation, our conception of the molecule is brought about by transdiction which entails invention of various transcendental ideas. In organic chemistry we think that molecules consist of atoms, bonds, functional groups, etc. This is, however, not the unique description of the molecule as is shown by quantum mechanical calculations, for example. Then

    更新日期:2020-03-29
  • Binódic periodic system: a mathematical approach
    Found. Chem. (IF 0.677) Pub Date : 2020-03-05
    Julio Antonio Gutiérrez Samanez

    This article discusses the mathematizing of the chemical periodic system as a grid, which leads to a quadratic function or “binódica function” formed by pairs of periods or binodos (dyads). We describe the periodic law as an increasing function of the principal quantum number (n). It works subject to the dialectical laws that generate; first: gradual quantitative changes: (2n2), with “duplication”

    更新日期:2020-03-05
  • Chemistry as the basic science
    Found. Chem. (IF 0.677) Pub Date : 2020-01-29
    Peeter Müürsepp, Gulzhikhan Nurysheva, Aliya Ramazanova, Zhamilya Amirkulova

    Abstract The paper deals with the philosophy of science and technology from a new perspective. The analysis connects closely to the novel approach to scientific research called practical realism of the late Estonian philosopher of science and chemistry Rein Vihalemm. From his perspective, science is not only theoretical but even more clearly a practical activity. This kind of practice-based approach

    更新日期:2020-03-01
  • Mineral misbehavior: why mineralogists don’t deal in natural kinds
    Found. Chem. (IF 0.677) Pub Date : 2019-02-27
    Carlos Santana

    Abstract Mineral species are, at first glance, an excellent candidate for an ideal set of natural kinds somewhere beyond the periodic table. Mineralogists have a detailed set of rules and formal procedure for ratifying new species, and minerals are a less messy subject matter than biological species, psychological disorders, or even chemicals more broadly—all areas of taxonomy where the status of species

    更新日期:2020-03-01
  • Does the period table appear doubled? Two variants of division of elements into two subsets. Internal and secondary periodicity
    Found. Chem. (IF 0.677) Pub Date : 2018-06-28
    Naum S. Imyanitov

    Abstract Demarcation of elements for two subsets appears to be the most fundamental approach to their classification. If one draws a vertical straight line through the middle of each block of elements in the Periodic table, all the elements are divided into two subsets: “early” and “later”. For example, in the d-block, the early ones are Sc–Mn, and the late ones, respectively, are Fe–Zn. Later elements

    更新日期:2020-03-01
  • Thermodynamic foundations of physical chemistry: reversible processes and thermal equilibrium into the history
    Found. Chem. (IF 0.677) Pub Date : 2018-12-10
    Raffaele Pisano, Abdelkader Anakkar, Emilio Marco Pellegrino, Maxime Nagels

    Abstract In the history of science, the birth of classical chemistry (1789) and thermodynamics (1824) produced an anomaly within Newtonian mechanical paradigm: force and acceleration were no longer citizens of new cited sciences. Scholars tried to reintroduce them within mechanistic approaches, as the case of the kinetic gas theory. Nevertheless, Thermodynamics, in general, and its Second Law, in particular

    更新日期:2020-03-01
  • Statistical mechanical interpretation of temperature
    Found. Chem. (IF 0.677) Pub Date : 2019-03-07
    Peter G. Nelson

    Abstract A statistical mechanical treatment is given of thermal contact between two systems. Reciprocal temperature (1/T) emerges from this as the relative change in the number of microscopic states a macroscopic system at equilibrium ranges over, at constant volume and chemical composition, with change in internal energy. The significance of this is discussed in detail with reference to a monatomic

    更新日期:2020-03-01
  • Further light on the philosophical significance of Mackay’s theoretical discovery of crystalline pure possibilities
    Found. Chem. (IF 0.677) Pub Date : 2018-10-10
    Amihud Gilead

    Abstract As early as 1981, about 1 year before Shechtman’s discovery of an actual quasicrystal, Alan L. Mackay discussed, in a seminal paper, the first steps for the expansion of crystallography toward its modern phase. In this phase, new possibilities of structures and order, such as the structures of five-fold symmetry, for crystals have been discovered. Medieval Islamic decorators as well as Albrecht

    更新日期:2020-03-01
  • How Mendeleev issued his predictions: comment on Andrea Woody
    Found. Chem. (IF 0.677) Pub Date : 2020-02-08
    Chris Campbell, Karoliina Pulkkinen

    Much has been said about the accuracy of the famous predictions of the Russian chemist Dmitrii Ivanovich Mendeleev, but far less has been written on how he made his predictions. Here we offer an explanation on how Mendeleev used his periodic system to predict both physical and chemical properties of little-known and entirely unknown chemical elements. We argue that there seems to be compelling evidence

    更新日期:2020-02-08
  • Organising the metals and nonmetals
    Found. Chem. (IF 0.677) Pub Date : 2020-02-05
    René E. Vernon

    The periodic table can be simply demarcated into four classes of metal and four classes of nonmetal. Such a treatment has been obstructed by the traditional view of metalloids as in-between elements; understandable but needless boundary squabbles; and a group-by-group view of the reactive nonmetals. Setting aside these limiting notions reveals some interesting patterns and facilitates teaching and

    更新日期:2020-02-05
  • Teaching of chemistry before and after the periodic table
    Found. Chem. (IF 0.677) Pub Date : 2020-01-29
    Jerry Ray Dias

    An Example of Teaching of Chemistry Before and After Mendeleev’s 1869 Periodic Table of Elements is presented. Prior to Mendeleev’s publication in 1869, only 63 elements were known. The ensuing discovery of the electron and the correspondence of the number of electrons to equivalent weight and atomic number is of singular importance to the impact of the Periodic Table of Elements and the way modern

    更新日期:2020-01-29
  • Two-step emergence: the quantum theory of atoms in molecules as a bridge between quantum mechanics and molecular chemistry
    Found. Chem. (IF 0.677) Pub Date : 2020-01-25
    Chérif F. Matta, Olimpia Lombardi, Jesús Jaimes Arriaga

    By moving away from the traditional reductionist reading of the quantum theory of atoms in molecules (QTAIM), in this paper we analyze the role played by QTAIM in the relationship between molecular chemistry and quantum mechanics from an emergentist perspective. In particular, we show that such a relationship involves two steps: an intra-domain emergence and an inter-domain emergence. Intra-domain

    更新日期:2020-01-25
  • Correction to: 4D-cubic lattice of chemical elements
    Found. Chem. (IF 0.677) Pub Date : 2020-01-24
    Haresh Lalvani

    In the original publication of the article under the Acknowledgements section, a contributor name was missed out. The corrected statement should read as follows.

    更新日期:2020-01-24
  • 4D-cubic lattice of chemical elements
    Found. Chem. (IF 0.677) Pub Date : 2019-12-14
    Haresh Lalvani

    A 4-dimensional periodic table of chemical elements (4D PT) is presented. The 120 elements in the n = 8 system are located on vertices of a 4D-cubic lattice and specified by Cartesian coordinates (n, l, m, s) based on the four quantum numbers. Each quantum number is represented by a vector along a different spatial direction (axes) in 4D Euclidean space. The 4D PT has a fixed topology governed by Euler–Poincare-type

    更新日期:2019-12-14
  • Overcoming skepticism about molecular structure by developing the concept of affordance
    Found. Chem. (IF 0.677) Pub Date : 2019-11-11
    Hirofumi Ochiai

    What chemists take as molecular structure is a theoretical construct based on the concepts of chemical bond, atoms in molecules, etc. and hence it should be distinguished from tangible structures around us. The practical adequacy of it has been demonstrated by the established method of retro-synthetic analysis, for instance. But it is not derived a priori from quantum mechanical treatments of the molecule

    更新日期:2019-11-11
  • Whom should we credit for the discovery of isotopes?
    Found. Chem. (IF 0.677) Pub Date : 2019-10-09
    Gareth R. Eaton

    Whom should we credit for the discovery of isotopes? The first suggestion of an idea, the first experimental proof, or the development of a new method that clearly reveals the isotopes? Strömholm and Svedberg, Fajans and Soddy interpreted patterns of radioactive decay, which became confirmed theory on the solid basis of the very accurate atomic weight determinations by Richards and his coworkers. The

    更新日期:2019-10-09
  • The beginnings of a formal language for conceptual analysis of processes in macro-chemistry
    Found. Chem. (IF 0.677) Pub Date : 2019-10-04
    Michèle Friend

    I present a formal language that imposes a structure on processes in macro-chemistry. Each symbol in the language invites a type of analysis that is carried out either by looking into the semantics if the language or by looking at the context. Every formal language has assumptions underlying it. The assumptions made in developing the formal language are meant to help with conceptual analysis by inviting

    更新日期:2019-10-04
  • Reporting the discovery of new chemical elements: working in different worlds, only 25 years apart
    Found. Chem. (IF 0.677) Pub Date : 2019-10-03
    K. Brad Wray, Line Edslev Andersen

    In his account of scientific revolutions, Thomas Kuhn suggests that after a revolutionary change of theory, it is as if scientists are working in a different world. In this paper, we aim to show that the notion of world change is insightful. We contrast the reporting of the discovery of neon in 1898 with the discovery of hafnium in 1923. The one discovery was made when elements were identified by their

    更新日期:2019-10-03
  • Model transfer and conceptual progress: tales from chemistry and biology
    Found. Chem. (IF 0.677) Pub Date : 2019-09-28
    Justin Price

    The dissemination of models across disciplinary lines has become a phenomenon of interest to philosophers of science. To account for this phenomenon, philosophers have invented two units of analysis. The first identifies to the thing that transfers, model templates. The second identifies the thing to which transferable templates apply, landing zones. There exists a dynamic between the thing that is

    更新日期:2019-09-28
  • Conceptual confusion in the chemistry curriculum: exemplifying the problematic nature of representing chemical concepts as target knowledge
    Found. Chem. (IF 0.677) Pub Date : 2019-09-26
    Keith S. Taber

    This paper considers the nature of a curriculum as presented in formal curriculum documents, and the inherent difficulties of representing formal disciplinary knowledge in a prescription for teaching and learning. The general points are illustrated by examining aspects of a specific example, taken from the chemistry subject content included in the science programmes of study that are part of the National

    更新日期:2019-09-26
  • The role of idealisations in describing an isolated molecule.
    Found. Chem. (IF 0.677) Pub Date : 2019-09-24
    Vanessa A Seifert

    The investigation of the relation between chemistry and quantum mechanics includes examining how the two theories each describe an isolated molecule. This paper focuses on one particular characteristic of chemistry's and quantum mechanics' descriptions of an isolated molecule; namely on the assumptions made by each description that an isolated molecule is stable and has structure. The paper argues

    更新日期:2019-09-24
  • Boyle, Spinoza and Glauber: on the philosophical redintegration of saltpeter—a reply to Antonio Clericuzio
    Found. Chem. (IF 0.677) Pub Date : 2019-09-24
    Filip A. A. Buyse

    The so-called ‘redintegration experiment’ is traditionally at the center of the comments on the supposed Boyle/Spinoza controversy. A. Clericuzio influentially argued (criticizing R.A. & M.B. Hall’s interpretation) in his publications that, in De nitro, Boyle accounted for the ‘redintegration’ of saltpeter on the grounds of the chemical properties of corpuscles and “did not make any attempt to deduce

    更新日期:2019-09-24
  • From telluric helix to telluric remix
    Found. Chem. (IF 0.677) Pub Date : 2019-02-22
    Philip J. Stewart

    The first attempt to represent the Periodic system graphically was the Telluric Helix (Vis Tellurique) presented in 1862 by Alexandre-Emile Béguyer de Chancourtois, in which the sequence of elements was wound round a cylinder. This has hardly been attempted since, because the intervals between periodic returns vary in length from 2 to 32 elements, but Charles Janet presented a model wound round four

    更新日期:2019-02-22
  • Structure, shape, topology: entangled concepts in molecular chemistry
    Found. Chem. (IF 0.677) Pub Date : 2019-02-01
    Elena Ghibaudi, Luigi Cerruti, Giovanni Villani

    The concepts of molecular structure and molecular shape are ubiquitous in the chemical literature, where they are often taken as synonyms, with unavoidable drawbacks in chemistry teaching. A third concept, molecular topology, is less frequent but it is a reference term in molecular research domains such as Quantitative Structure–Activity Relationships. The present paper proposes an epistemological

    更新日期:2019-02-01
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