当前期刊: Biology & Philosophy Go to current issue    加入关注   
显示样式:        排序: IF: - GO 导出
我的关注
我的收藏
您暂时未登录!
登录
  • The explanatory breadth of pushmi-pullyu representations
    Biol. Philos. (IF 1.593) Pub Date : 2020-05-15
    Mark Bauer

    The pushmi-pullyu representation (“PPR”) is a non-conjunctive representation with both descriptive and directive contents. Introduced by Millikan, the PPR is supposed to aid in explaining how organisms adapt behavior to environmental variance in the absence of intermediate inference. Until recently, it has led an uncontroversial theoretical life. However, Artiga has suggested that the PPR postulate

    更新日期:2020-05-15
  • Beyond quantitative and qualitative traits: three telling cases in the life sciences
    Biol. Philos. (IF 1.593) Pub Date : 2020-05-11
    Davide Serpico

    This paper challenges the common assumption that some phenotypic traits are quantitative while others are qualitative. The distinction between these two kinds of traits is widely influential in biological and biomedical research as well as in scientific education and communication. This is probably due to both historical and epistemological reasons. However, the quantitative/qualitative distinction

    更新日期:2020-05-11
  • Internal perspectivalism: the solution to generality problems about proper function and natural norms
    Biol. Philos. (IF 1.593) Pub Date : 2020-05-09
    Jason Winning

    In this paper, I argue that what counts as the proper function of a trait is a matter of the de facto perspective that the biological system, itself, possesses on what counts as proper functioning for that trait. Unlike non-perspectival accounts, internal perspectivalism does not succumb to generality problems. But unlike external perspectivalism, internal perspectivalism can provide a fully naturalistic

    更新日期:2020-05-09
  • From allostatic agents to counterfactual cognisers: active inference, biological regulation, and the origins of cognition
    Biol. Philos. (IF 1.593) Pub Date : 2020-04-29
    Andrew W. Corcoran, Giovanni Pezzulo, Jakob Hohwy

    What is the function of cognition? On one influential account, cognition evolved to co-ordinate behaviour with environmental change or complexity (Godfrey-Smith in Complexity and the function of mind in nature, Cambridge Studies in Philosophy and Biology, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 1996). Liberal interpretations of this view ascribe cognition to an extraordinarily broad set of biological

    更新日期:2020-04-29
  • The use and limitations of null-model-based hypothesis testing
    Biol. Philos. (IF 1.593) Pub Date : 2020-04-23
    Mingjun Zhang

    In this article I give a critical evaluation of the use and limitations of null-model-based hypothesis testing as a research strategy in the biological sciences. According to this strategy, the null model based on a randomization procedure provides an appropriate null hypothesis stating that the existence of a pattern is the result of random processes or can be expected by chance alone, and proponents

    更新日期:2020-04-23
  • The evolutionary role of affordances: ecological psychology, niche construction, and natural selection
    Biol. Philos. (IF 1.593) Pub Date : 2020-04-22
    Manuel Heras-Escribano

    This paper aims to examine the evolutionary role of affordances, that is, the possibilities for action available in our environments. There are two allegedly competing views for explaining the evolutionary role of affordances: the first is based on natural selection; the second is based on niche construction. According to the first, affordances are resources that exert selection pressure. The second

    更新日期:2020-04-22
  • What is a target system?
    Biol. Philos. (IF 1.593) Pub Date : 2020-03-12
    Alkistis Elliott-Graves

    Many phenomena in the natural world are complex, so scientists study them through simplified and idealised models. Philosophers of science have sought to explain how these models relate to the world. On most accounts, models do not represent the world directly, but through target systems. However, our knowledge of target systems is incomplete. First, what is the process by which target systems come

    更新日期:2020-03-12
  • Ernst Haeckel’s ‘Kant Problem’: metaphysics, science, and art
    Biol. Philos. (IF 1.593) Pub Date : 2020-03-05
    Stefan Forrester

    Ernst Haeckel (1834–1919) has become famous, and perhaps infamous, for many reasons. Presently, he is probably most widely-known for his paintings of plants and animals in his very popular book, Art Forms in Nature, originally collected and published in 1904. However, in addition to Haeckel’s art, he is also well-known for his advocacy of Darwinism and Social Darwinism, for first coining the term ‘ecology

    更新日期:2020-03-05
  • Problems with using stability, specificity, and proportionality as criteria for evaluating strength of scientific causal explanations: commentary on Lynch et al. (2019)
    Biol. Philos. (IF 1.593) Pub Date : 2020-02-12
    Gry Oftedal

    Lynch et al. (Biol Philos 34:62, 2019) employ stability, specificity, and proportionality as criteria for evaluating microbiome causal explanations. Although these causal characteristics signify relevant differences between causal roles, I suggest that they should not be used as general criteria for strong or good causal explanations.

    更新日期:2020-02-12
  • Representation-supporting model elements
    Biol. Philos. (IF 1.593) Pub Date : 2020-02-11
    Sim-Hui Tee

    It is assumed that scientific models contain no superfluous model elements in scientific representation. A representational model is constructed with all the model elements serving the representational purpose. The received view has it that there are no redundant model elements which are non-representational. Contrary to this received view, I argue that there exist some non-representational model elements

    更新日期:2020-02-11
  • Elusive vehicles of genetic representation
    Biol. Philos. (IF 1.593) Pub Date : 2020-02-06
    Riin Kõiv

    The teleosemantic theory of representational content is held by some philosophers to imply that genes carry semantic information about whole-organism phenotypes. In this paper, I argue that this position is not supported by empirical findings. I focus on one of the most elaborate defenses of this position: Shea’s (Biol Philos 22:313–331, 2007a, Br J Philos Sci 64:1–31, 2013a) view that genes represent

    更新日期:2020-02-06
  • Microbial activities are dependent on background conditions
    Biol. Philos. (IF 1.593) Pub Date : 2020-02-05
    Tamar Schneider

    Taking the case of H. pylori and ulcer, Lynch et al., demonstrate how framing Koch’s postulate by an interventionist account clarifies the latter’s explanatory strength in proportionality with the weaknesses in specificity and stability due to the influence of background conditions. They suggest this approach as an efficient way to bypass the enigma of background conditions and microbial activity in

    更新日期:2020-02-05
  • Dynamic homology and circularity in cladistic analysis
    Biol. Philos. (IF 1.593) Pub Date : 2020-02-04
    Ariel Jonathan Roffé

    In this article, I examine the issue of the alleged circularity in the determination of homologies within cladistic analysis. More specifically, I focus on the claims made by the proponents of the dynamic homology approach, regarding the distinction (sometimes made in the literature) between primary and secondary homology. This distinction is sometimes invoked to dissolve the circularity issue, by

    更新日期:2020-02-04
  • Does the extended evolutionary synthesis entail extended explanatory power?
    Biol. Philos. (IF 1.593) Pub Date : 2020-01-23
    Jan Baedke, Alejandro Fábregas-Tejeda, Francisco Vergara-Silva

    Biologists and philosophers of science have recently called for an extension of evolutionary theory. This so-called ‘extended evolutionary synthesis’ (EES) seeks to integrate developmental processes, extra-genetic forms of inheritance, and niche construction into evolutionary theory in a central way. While there is often agreement in evolutionary biology over the existence of these phenomena, their

    更新日期:2020-01-23
  • Investigating populations in generalized Darwinism
    Biol. Philos. (IF 1.593) Pub Date : 2020-01-22
    Karim Baraghith

    Darwinian evolution is a population-level phenomenon. This paper deals with a structural population concept within the framework of generalized Darwinism (GD), resp. within a generalized theory of evolution. According to some skeptical authors, GD is in need of a valid population concept in order to become a practicable research program. Populations are crucial and basic elements of any evolutionary

    更新日期:2020-01-22
  • The end of science? On human cognitive limitations and how to overcome them
    Biol. Philos. (IF 1.593) Pub Date : 2020-01-20
    Maarten Boudry, Michael Vlerick, Taner Edis

    What, if any, are the limits of human understanding? Epistemic pessimists, sobered by our humble evolutionary origins, have argued that some parts of the universe will forever remain beyond our ken. But what exactly does it mean to say that humans are ‘cognitively closed’ to some parts of the world, or that some problems will forever remain ‘mysteries’? In this paper we develop a richer conceptual

    更新日期:2020-01-20
  • Precis of defending biodiversity
    Biol. Philos. (IF 1.593) Pub Date : 2020-01-09
    Stefan Linquist, Gary Varner, Jonathan E. Newman

    Why should governments or individuals invest time and resources in conserving biodiversity? A popular answer is that biodiversity has both instrumental value for humans and intrinsic value in its own right. Defending Biodiversity critically evaluates familiar arguments for these claims and finds that, at best, they provide good reasons for conserving particular species or regions. However, they fail

    更新日期:2020-01-09
  • Defending a Leopoldian basis for biodiversity: a response to Newman, Varner, and Linquist
    Biol. Philos. (IF 1.593) Pub Date : 2020-01-09
    Roberta L. Millstein

    In their book, Defending Biodiversity, Newman, Varner, and Linquist (NVL) cast doubt on whether Leopoldian defenses of biodiversity, in their current form, have been successful. I argue that there is a more accurate interpretation of Leopold that is not subject to the criticisms made by NVL, and that Leopold’s body of work as a whole, including but not limited to the essay “The Land Ethic” in A Sand

    更新日期:2020-01-09
  • Biodiversity, ecosystem functioning, and the environmentalist agenda
    Biol. Philos. (IF 1.593) Pub Date : 2020-01-09
    Jay Odenbaugh

    Jonathan Newman, Gary Varner, and Stefan Linquist’s Defending Biodiversity: Environmental Science and Ethics is a critical examination of a panoply of arguments for conserving biodiversity. Their discussion is extremely impressive though I think one can push back on some of their criticisms. In this essay, I consider their criticisms of the argument for conserving biodiversity based on ecosystem services;

    更新日期:2020-01-09
  • Biodiversity, ecosystem functioning, and the environmentalist agenda: a reply to Odenbaugh
    Biol. Philos. (IF 1.593) Pub Date : 2020-01-09
    Jonathan A. Newman

    Among the instrumental value defenses for biodiversity conservation is the argument that biodiversity is necessary to support ecosystem functioning. Lower levels of biodiversity yield lower levels of ecosystem functioning and hence the inference that we should conserve biodiversity. In our book Defending Biodiversity: Environmental Science and Ethics, we point out three problems with this inference

    更新日期:2020-01-09
  • Are emotional states based in the brain? A critique of affective brainocentrism from a physiological perspective.
    Biol. Philos. Pub Date : 2019-09-06
    Giovanna Colombetti,Eder Zavala

    We call affective brainocentrism the tendency to privilege the brain over other parts of the organism when defining or explaining emotions. We distinguish two versions of this tendency. According to brain-sufficient, emotional states are entirely realized by brain processes. According to brain-master, emotional states are realized by both brain and bodily processes, but the latter are entirely driven

    更新日期:2019-11-01
  • CRISPR: a new principle of genome engineering linked to conceptual shifts in evolutionary biology.
    Biol. Philos. Pub Date : 2019-04-02
    Eugene V Koonin

    The CRISPR-Cas systems of bacterial and archaeal adaptive immunity have become a household name among biologists and even the general public thanks to the unprecedented success of the new generation of genome editing tools utilizing Cas proteins. However, the fundamental biological features of CRISPR-Cas are of no lesser interest and have major impacts on our understanding of the evolution of antivirus

    更新日期:2019-11-01
  • How to use fitness landscape models for the analysis of collective decision-making: a case of theory-transfer and its limitations.
    Biol. Philos. Pub Date : 2019-04-02
    Peter Marks,Lasse Gerrits,Johannes Marx

    There is considerable correspondence between theories and models used in biology and the social sciences. One type of model that is in use in both biology and the social sciences is the fitness landscape model. The properties of the fitness landscape model have been applied rather freely in the social domain. This is partly due to the versatility of the model, but it is also due to the difficulties

    更新日期:2019-11-01
  • A use/disuse paradigm for CRISPR-Cas systems.
    Biol. Philos. Pub Date : 2019-03-14
    Sophie Juliane Veigl

    更新日期:2019-11-01
  • Relating traditional and academic ecological knowledge: mechanistic and holistic epistemologies across cultures.
    Biol. Philos. Pub Date : 2019-01-01
    David Ludwig,Luana Poliseli

    Current debates about the integration of traditional and academic ecological knowledge (TEK and AEK) struggle with a dilemma of division and assimilation. On the one hand, the emphasis on differences between traditional and academic perspectives has been criticized as creating an artificial divide that brands TEK as "non-scientific" and contributes to its marginalization. On the other hand, there has

    更新日期:2019-11-01
  • Evolutionary arguments against moral realism: Why the empirical details matter (and which ones do).
    Biol. Philos. Pub Date : 2019-01-01
    Jeroen Hopster

    The aim of this article is to identify the strongest evolutionary debunking argument (EDA) against moral realism and to assess on which empirical assumptions it relies. In the recent metaethical literature, several authors have de-emphasized the evolutionary component of EDAs against moral realism: presumably, the success or failure of these arguments is largely orthogonal to empirical issues. I argue

    更新日期:2019-11-01
  • Synthetic versus analytic approaches to protein and DNA structure determination.
    Biol. Philos. Pub Date : 2018-10-27
    Agnes Bolinska

    The structures of protein and DNA were discovered primarily by means of synthesizing component-level information about bond types, lengths, and angles, rather than analyzing X-ray diffraction photographs of these molecules. In this paper, I consider the synthetic and analytic approaches to exemplify alternative heuristics for approaching mid-twentieth-century macromolecular structure determination

    更新日期:2019-11-01
  • Logical fallacies and invasion biology.
    Biol. Philos. Pub Date : 2018-09-18
    Radu Cornel Guiaşu,Christopher W Tindale

    Leading invasion biologists sometimes dismiss critics and criticisms of their field by invoking "the straw man" fallacy. Critics of invasion biology are also labelled as a small group of "naysayers" or "contrarians", who are sometimes engaging in "science denialism". Such unfortunate labels can be seen as a way to possibly suppress legitimate debates and dismiss or minimize reasonable concerns about

    更新日期:2019-11-01
  • Gender as a historical kind: a tale of two genders?
    Biol. Philos. Pub Date : 2018-05-18
    Marion Godman

    Is there anything that members of each binary category of gender have in common? Even many non-essentialists find the lack of unity within a gender worrying as it undermines the basis for a common political agenda for women. One promising proposal for achieving unity is by means of a shared historical lineage of cultural reproduction with past binary models of gender (e.g. Bach in Ethics 122:231-272

    更新日期:2019-11-01
  • Kuhnian revolutions in neuroscience: the role of tool development.
    Biol. Philos. Pub Date : 2018-05-15
    David Parker

    The terms "paradigm" and "paradigm shift" originated in "The Structure of Scientific Revolutions" by Thomas Kuhn. A paradigm can be defined as the generally accepted concepts and practices of a field, and a paradigm shift its replacement in a scientific revolution. A paradigm shift results from a crisis caused by anomalies in a paradigm that reduce its usefulness to a field. Claims of paradigm shifts

    更新日期:2019-11-01
  • Self domestication and the evolution of language.
    Biol. Philos. Pub Date : 2018-04-03
    James Thomas,Simon Kirby

    We set out an account of how self-domestication plays a crucial role in the evolution of language. In doing so, we focus on the growing body of work that treats language structure as emerging from the process of cultural transmission. We argue that a full recognition of the importance of cultural transmission fundamentally changes the kind of questions we should be asking regarding the biological basis

    更新日期:2019-11-01
  • A Cladist is a systematist who seeks a natural classification: some comments on Quinn (2017).
    Biol. Philos. Pub Date : 2018-04-03
    David M Williams,Malte C Ebach

    In response to Quinn (Biol Philos, 2017. 10.1007/s10539-017-9577-z) we identify cladistics to be about natural classifications and their discovery and thereby propose to add an eighth cladistic definition to Quinn's list, namely the systematist who seeks to discover natural classifications, regardless of their affiliation, theoretical or methodological justifications.

    更新日期:2019-11-01
  • An enactive account of placebo effects.
    Biol. Philos. Pub Date : 2017-08-12
    Giulio Ongaro,Dave Ward

    Placebos are commonly defined as ineffective treatments. They are treatments that lack a known mechanism linking their properties to the properties of the condition on which treatment aims to intervene. Given this, the fact that placebos can have substantial therapeutic effects looks puzzling. The puzzle, we argue, arises from the relationship placebos present between culturally meaningful entities

    更新日期:2019-11-01
  • The animal sensorimotor organization: a challenge for the environmental complexity thesis.
    Biol. Philos. Pub Date : 2017-07-18
    Fred Keijzer,Argyris Arnellos

    Godfrey-Smith's environmental complexity thesis (ECT) is most often applied to multicellular animals and the complexity of their macroscopic environments to explain how cognition evolved. We think that the ECT may be less suited to explain the origins of the animal bodily organization, including this organization's potentiality for dealing with complex macroscopic environments. We argue that acquiring

    更新日期:2019-11-01
  • What are cultural attractors?
    Biol. Philos. Pub Date : 2017-07-18
    Andrew Buskell

    Concepts from cultural attractor theory are now used in domains far from their original home in anthropology and cultural evolution. Yet these concepts have not been consistently characterised. I here distinguish four ways in which the cultural attractor concept has been used and identify three kinds of factors of attraction typically appealed to. Clarifying these explanatory concepts identifies problems

    更新日期:2019-11-01
  • Structural representations: causally relevant and different from detectors.
    Biol. Philos. Pub Date : 2017-07-18
    Paweł Gładziejewski,Marcin Miłkowski

    This paper centers around the notion that internal, mental representations are grounded in structural similarity, i.e., that they are so-called S-representations. We show how S-representations may be causally relevant and argue that they are distinct from mere detectors. First, using the neomechanist theory of explanation and the interventionist account of causal relevance, we provide a precise interpretation

    更新日期:2019-11-01
  • What's wrong with evolutionary biology?
    Biol. Philos. Pub Date : 2017-03-17
    John J Welch

    There have been periodic claims that evolutionary biology needs urgent reform, and this article tries to account for the volume and persistence of this discontent. It is argued that a few inescapable properties of the field make it prone to criticisms of predictable kinds, whether or not the criticisms have any merit. For example, the variety of living things and the complexity of evolution make it

    更新日期:2019-11-01
  • Complexity and technological evolution: What everybody knows?
    Biol. Philos. Pub Date : 2017-01-01
    Krist Vaesen,Wybo Houkes

    The consensus among cultural evolutionists seems to be that human cultural evolution is cumulative, which is commonly understood in the specific sense that cultural traits, especially technological traits, increase in complexity over generations. Here we argue that there is insufficient credible evidence in favor of or against this technological complexity thesis. For one thing, the few datasets that

    更新日期:2019-11-01
  • In defence of biodiversity.
    Biol. Philos. Pub Date : 2017-01-01
    Joanna Burch-Brown,Alfred Archer

    The concept of biodiversity has played a central role within conservation biology over the last thirty years. Precisely how it should be understood, however, is a matter of ongoing debate. In this paper we defend what we call a classic multidimensional conception of biodiversity. We begin by introducing two arguments for eliminating the concept of biodiversity from conservation biology, both of which

    更新日期:2019-11-01
  • Error management, reliability and cognitive evolution.
    Biol. Philos. Pub Date : 2017-01-01
    Bengt Autzen

    The paper offers a partial vindication of Sterelny's view on the role of error rates and reliability in his theory of decoupled representation based on modelling techniques borrowed from the biological literature on evolution in stochastic environments. In the case of a tight link between tracking states and behaviour, I argue that in its full generality Sterelny's account instantiates the base-rate

    更新日期:2019-11-01
  • The relativity of Darwinian populations and the ecology of endosymbiosis.
    Biol. Philos. Pub Date : 2016-09-20
    Adrian Stencel

    If there is a single discipline of science calling the basic concepts of biology into question, it is without doubt microbiology. Indeed, developments in microbiology have recently forced us to rethink such fundamental concepts as the organism, individual, and genome. In this paper I show how microorganisms are changing our understanding of natural aggregations and develop the concept of a Darwinian

    更新日期:2019-11-01
  • Reasons to be fussy about cultural evolution.
    Biol. Philos. Pub Date : 2016-07-30
    Olivier Morin

    This discussion paper responds to two recent articles in Biology and Philosophy that raise similar objections to cultural attraction theory, a research trend in cultural evolution putting special emphasis on the fact that human minds create and transform their culture. Both papers are sympathetic to this idea, yet both also regret a lack of consilience with Boyd, Richerson and Henrich's models of cultural

    更新日期:2019-11-01
  • A teleofunctional account of evolutionary mismatch.
    Biol. Philos. Pub Date : 2016-07-01
    Nathan Cofnas

    When the environment in which an organism lives deviates in some essential way from that to which it is adapted, this is described as "evolutionary mismatch," or "evolutionary novelty." The notion of mismatch plays an important role, explicitly or implicitly, in evolution-informed cognitive psychology, clinical psychology, and medicine. The evolutionary novelty of our contemporary environment is thought

    更新日期:2019-11-01
  • Human thinking, shared intentionality, and egocentric biases.
    Biol. Philos. Pub Date : 2016-03-26
    Uwe Peters

    The paper briefly summarises and critiques Tomasello's (2014) A Natural History of Human Thinking. After offering an overview of the book, the paper focusses on one particular part of Tomasello's proposal on the evolution of uniquely human thinking and raises two points of criticism against it. One of them concerns his notion of thinking. The other pertains to empirical findings on egocentric biases

    更新日期:2019-11-01
  • Social niche construction and evolutionary transitions in individuality.
    Biol. Philos. Pub Date : 2015-12-29
    P A Ryan,S T Powers,R A Watson

    Social evolution theory conventionally takes an externalist explanatory stance, treating observed cooperation as explanandum and the positive assortment of cooperative behaviour as explanans. We ask how the circumstances bringing about this positive assortment arose in the first place. Rather than merely push the explanatory problem back a step, we move from an externalist to an interactionist explanatory

    更新日期:2019-11-01
  • Satisfaction conditions in anticipatory mechanisms.
    Biol. Philos. Pub Date : 2015-09-05
    Marcin Miłkowski

    The purpose of this paper is to present a general mechanistic framework for analyzing causal representational claims, and offer a way to distinguish genuinely representational explanations from those that invoke representations for honorific purposes. It is usually agreed that rats are capable of navigation (even in complete darkness, and when immersed in a water maze) because they maintain a cognitive

    更新日期:2019-11-01
  • If we are all cultural Darwinians what's the fuss about? Clarifying recent disagreements in the field of cultural evolution.
    Biol. Philos. Pub Date : 2015-06-19
    Alberto Acerbi,Alex Mesoudi

    Cultural evolution studies are characterized by the notion that culture evolves accordingly to broadly Darwinian principles. Yet how far the analogy between cultural and genetic evolution should be pushed is open to debate. Here, we examine a recent disagreement that concerns the extent to which cultural transmission should be considered a preservative mechanism allowing selection among different variants

    更新日期:2019-11-01
  • Agent tracking: a psycho-historical theory of the identification of living and social agents.
    Biol. Philos. Pub Date : 2015-05-26
    Nicolas J Bullot

    To explain agent-identification behaviours, universalist theories in the biological and cognitive sciences have posited mental mechanisms thought to be universal to all humans, such as agent detection and face recognition mechanisms. These universalist theories have paid little attention to how particular sociocultural or historical contexts interact with the psychobiological processes of agent-identification

    更新日期:2019-11-01
  • Moving and sensing without input and output: early nervous systems and the origins of the animal sensorimotor organization.
    Biol. Philos. Pub Date : 2015-05-26
    Fred Keijzer

    It remains a standing problem how and why the first nervous systems evolved. Molecular and genomic information is now rapidly accumulating but the macroscopic organization and functioning of early nervous systems remains unclear. To explore potential evolutionary options, a coordination centered view is discussed that diverges from a standard input-output view on early nervous systems. The scenario

    更新日期:2019-11-01
  • Fish do not feel pain and its implications for understanding phenomenal consciousness.
    Biol. Philos. Pub Date : 2015-03-24
    Brian Key

    Phenomenal consciousness or the subjective experience of feeling sensory stimuli is fundamental to human existence. Because of the ubiquity of their subjective experiences, humans seem to readily accept the anthropomorphic extension of these mental states to other animals. Humans will typically extrapolate feelings of pain to animals if they respond physiologically and behaviourally to noxious stimuli

    更新日期:2019-11-01
  • Addiction as a disorder of belief.
    Biol. Philos. Pub Date : 2014-04-26
    Neil Levy

    Addiction is almost universally held to be characterized by a loss of control over drug-seeking and consuming behavior. But the actions of addicts, even of those who seem to want to abstain from drugs, seem to be guided by reasons. In this paper, I argue that we can explain this fact, consistent with continuing to maintain that addiction involves a loss of control, by understanding addiction as involving

    更新日期:2019-11-01
  • Coevolutionary aesthetics in human and biotic artworlds.
    Biol. Philos. Pub Date : 2013-08-24
    Richard O Prum

    This work proposes a coevolutionary theory of aesthetics that encompasses both biotic and human arts. Anthropocentric perspectives in aesthetics prevent the recognition of the ontological complexity of the aesthetics of nature, and the aesthetic agency of many non-human organisms. The process of evaluative coevolution is shared by all biotic advertisements. I propose that art consists of a form of

    更新日期:2019-11-01
  • More on how and why: a response to commentaries.
    Biol. Philos. Pub Date : 2013-08-24
    Kevin N Laland,John Odling-Smee,William Hoppitt,Tobias Uller

    We are grateful to the commentators for taking the time to respond to our article. Too many interesting and important points have been raised for us to tackle them all in this response, and so in the below we have sought to draw out the major themes. These include problems with both the term 'ultimate causation' and the proximate-ultimate causation dichotomy more generally, clarification of the meaning

    更新日期:2019-11-01
  • Towards a processual microbial ontology.
    Biol. Philos. Pub Date : 2013-03-15
    Eric Bapteste,John Dupré

    Standard microbial evolutionary ontology is organized according to a nested hierarchy of entities at various levels of biological organization. It typically detects and defines these entities in relation to the most stable aspects of evolutionary processes, by identifying lineages evolving by a process of vertical inheritance from an ancestral entity. However, recent advances in microbiology indicate

    更新日期:2019-11-01
  • From molecules to dynamic biological communities.
    Biol. Philos. Pub Date : 2013-03-14
    Daniel McDonald,Yoshiki Vázquez-Baeza,William A Walters,J Gregory Caporaso,Rob Knight

    Microbial ecology is flourishing, and in the process, is making contributions to how the ecology and biology of large organisms is understood. Ongoing advances in sequencing technology and computational methods have enabled the collection and analysis of vast amounts of molecular data from diverse biological communities. While early studies focused on cataloguing microbial biodiversity in environments

    更新日期:2019-11-01
  • Viral information.
    Biol. Philos. Pub Date : 2013-03-14
    Forest Rohwer,Katie Barott

    Viruses are major drivers of global biogeochemistry and the etiological agents of many diseases. They are also the winners in the game of life: there are more viruses on the planet than cellular organisms and they encode most of the genetic diversity on the planet. In fact, it is reasonable to view life as a viral incubator. Nevertheless, most ecological and evolutionary theories were developed, and

    更新日期:2019-11-01
  • Beyond the genome: community-level analysis of the microbial world.
    Biol. Philos. Pub Date : 2013-03-14
    Iratxe Zarraonaindia,Daniel P Smith,Jack A Gilbert

    The development of culture-independent strategies to study microbial diversity and function has led to a revolution in microbial ecology, enabling us to address fundamental questions about the distribution of microbes and their influence on Earth's biogeochemical cycles. This article discusses some of the progress that scientists have made with the use of so-called "omic" techniques (metagenomics,

    更新日期:2019-11-01
  • Population thinking and natural selection in dual-inheritance theory.
    Biol. Philos. Pub Date : 2012-04-24
    Wybo Houkes

    A deflationary perspective on theories of cultural evolution, in particular dual-inheritance theory, has recently been proposed by Lewens. On this 'pop-culture' analysis, dual-inheritance theorists apply population thinking to cultural phenomena, without claiming that cultural items evolve by natural selection. This paper argues against this pop-culture analysis of dual-inheritance theory. First, it

    更新日期:2019-11-01
  • Cooperative feeding and breeding, and the evolution of executive control.
    Biol. Philos. Pub Date : 2011-12-31
    Krist Vaesen

    Dubreuil (Biol Phil 25:53-73, 2010b, this journal) argues that modern-like cognitive abilities for inhibitory control and goal maintenance most likely evolved in Homo heidelbergensis, much before the evolution of oft-cited modern traits, such as symbolism and art. Dubreuil's argument proceeds in two steps. First, he identifies two behavioral traits that are supposed to be indicative of the presence

    更新日期:2019-11-01
  • Spreading order: religion, cooperative niche construction, and risky coordination problems.
    Biol. Philos. Pub Date : 2011-12-31
    Joseph Bulbulia

    Adaptationists explain the evolution of religion from the cooperative effects of religious commitments, but which cooperation problem does religion evolve to solve? I focus on a class of symmetrical coordination problems for which there are two pure Nash equilibriums: (1) ALL COOPERATE, which is efficient but relies on full cooperation; (2) ALL DEFECT, which is inefficient but pays regardless of what

    更新日期:2019-11-01
Contents have been reproduced by permission of the publishers.
导出
全部期刊列表>>
智控未来
聚焦商业经济政治法律
跟Nature、Science文章学绘图
控制与机器人
招募海内外科研人才,上自然官网
中洪博元
隐藏1h前已浏览文章
课题组网站
新版X-MOL期刊搜索和高级搜索功能介绍
ACS材料视界
x-mol收录
湖南大学化学化工学院刘松
朱守非
廖良生
南方科技大学
西湖大学
伊利诺伊大学香槟分校
徐明华
中山大学化学工程与技术学院
试剂库存
天合科研
down
wechat
bug