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  • Systematic analysis of bypass suppression of essential genes.
    Mol. Syst. Biol. (IF 8.991) Pub Date : 2020-09-17
    Jolanda van Leeuwen,Carles Pons,Guihong Tan,Jason Zi Wang,Jing Hou,Jochen Weile,Marinella Gebbia,Wendy Liang,Ermira Shuteriqi,Zhijian Li,Maykel Lopes,Matej Ušaj,Andreia Dos Santos Lopes,Natascha van Lieshout,Chad L Myers,Frederick P Roth,Patrick Aloy,Brenda J Andrews,Charles Boone

    Essential genes tend to be highly conserved across eukaryotes, but, in some cases, their critical roles can be bypassed through genetic rewiring. From a systematic analysis of 728 different essential yeast genes, we discovered that 124 (17%) were dispensable essential genes. Through whole‐genome sequencing and detailed genetic analysis, we investigated the genetic interactions and genome alterations

  • Proteomic patterns associated with response to breast cancer neoadjuvant treatment.
    Mol. Syst. Biol. (IF 8.991) Pub Date : 2020-09-22
    Anjana Shenoy,Nishanth Belugali Nataraj,Gili Perry,Fabricio Loayza Puch,Remco Nagel,Irina Marin,Nora Balint,Noa Bossel,Anya Pavlovsky,Iris Barshack,Bella Kaufman,Reuven Agami,Yosef Yarden,Maya Dadiani,Tamar Geiger

    Tumor relapse as a consequence of chemotherapy resistance is a major clinical challenge in advanced stage breast tumors. To identify processes associated with poor clinical outcome, we took a mass spectrometry‐based proteomic approach and analyzed a breast cancer cohort of 113 formalin‐fixed paraffin‐embedded samples. Proteomic profiling of matched tumors before and after chemotherapy, and tumor‐adjacent

  • Integrated regulatory models for inference of subtype‐specific susceptibilities in glioblastoma
    Mol. Syst. Biol. (IF 8.991) Pub Date : 2020-09-25
    Yunpeng Liu; Ning Shi; Aviv Regev; Shan He; Michael T Hemann

    Glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) is a highly malignant form of cancer that lacks effective treatment options or well‐defined strategies for personalized cancer therapy. The disease has been stratified into distinct molecular subtypes; however, the underlying regulatory circuitry that gives rise to such heterogeneity and its implications for therapy remain unclear. We developed a modular computational

  • Enhancing scientific discoveries in molecular biology with deep generative models
    Mol. Syst. Biol. (IF 8.991) Pub Date : 2020-09-25
    Romain Lopez; Adam Gayoso; Nir Yosef

    Generative models provide a well‐established statistical framework for evaluating uncertainty and deriving conclusions from large data sets especially in the presence of noise, sparsity, and bias. Initially developed for computer vision and natural language processing, these models have been shown to effectively summarize the complexity that underlies many types of data and enable a range of applications

  • Implications of initial physiological conditions for bacterial adaptation to changing environments.
    Mol. Syst. Biol. (IF 8.991) Pub Date : 2020-09-01
    Matthias Heinemann,Markus Basan,Uwe Sauer

    This piece discusses how the different observations of two independent studies (Kotte et al, 2014; Basan et al, 2020), regarding population-level heterogeneity and lag times during diauxic shift, can be largely explained by different experimental protocols.

  • Mapping the nucleolar proteome reveals a spatiotemporal organization related to intrinsic protein disorder.
    Mol. Syst. Biol. (IF 8.991) Pub Date : 2020-08-03
    Lovisa Stenström,Diana Mahdessian,Christian Gnann,Anthony J Cesnik,Wei Ouyang,Manuel D Leonetti,Mathias Uhlén,Sara Cuylen-Haering,Peter J Thul,Emma Lundberg

    The nucleolus is essential for ribosome biogenesis and is involved in many other cellular functions. We performed a systematic spatiotemporal dissection of the human nucleolar proteome using confocal microscopy. In total, 1,318 nucleolar proteins were identified; 287 were localized to fibrillar components, and 157 were enriched along the nucleoplasmic border, indicating a potential fourth nucleolar

  • Predictive features of gene expression variation reveal mechanistic link with differential expression.
    Mol. Syst. Biol. (IF 8.991) Pub Date : 2020-08-07
    Olga M Sigalova,Amirreza Shaeiri,Mattia Forneris,Eileen Em Furlong,Judith B Zaugg

    For most biological processes, organisms must respond to extrinsic cues, while maintaining essential gene expression programmes. Although studied extensively in single cells, it is still unclear how variation is controlled in multicellular organisms. Here, we used a machine‐learning approach to identify genomic features that are predictive of genes with high versus low variation in their expression

  • Predicting antigen specificity of single T cells based on TCR CDR3 regions.
    Mol. Syst. Biol. (IF 8.991) Pub Date : 2020-08-11
    David S Fischer,Yihan Wu,Benjamin Schubert,Fabian J Theis

    It has recently become possible to simultaneously assay T‐cell specificity with respect to large sets of antigens and the T‐cell receptor sequence in high‐throughput single‐cell experiments. Leveraging this new type of data, we propose and benchmark a collection of deep learning architectures to model T‐cell specificity in single cells. In agreement with previous results, we found that models that

  • Precision design of stable genetic circuits carried in highly-insulated E. coli genomic landing pads.
    Mol. Syst. Biol. (IF 8.991) Pub Date : 2020-08-19
    Yongjin Park,Amin Espah Borujeni,Thomas E Gorochowski,Jonghyeon Shin,Christopher A Voigt

    Genetic circuits have many applications, from guiding living therapeutics to ordering process in a bioreactor, but to be useful they have to be genetically stable and not hinder the host. Encoding circuits in the genome reduces burden, but this decreases performance and can interfere with native transcription. We have designed genomic landing pads in Escherichia coli at high‐expression sites, flanked

  • Exploring the virulence gene interactome with CRISPR/dCas9 in the human malaria parasite.
    Mol. Syst. Biol. (IF 8.991) Pub Date : 2020-08-20
    Jessica M Bryant,Sebastian Baumgarten,Florent Dingli,Damarys Loew,Ameya Sinha,Aurélie Claës,Peter R Preiser,Peter C Dedon,Artur Scherf

    Mutually exclusive expression of the var multigene family is key to immune evasion and pathogenesis in Plasmodium falciparum, but few factors have been shown to play a direct role. We adapted a CRISPR‐based proteomics approach to identify novel factors associated with var genes in their natural chromatin context. Catalytically inactive Cas9 (“dCas9”) was targeted to var gene regulatory elements, immunoprecipitated

  • SBML Level 3: an extensible format for the exchange and reuse of biological models.
    Mol. Syst. Biol. (IF 8.991) Pub Date : 2020-08-26
    Sarah M Keating,Dagmar Waltemath,Matthias König,Fengkai Zhang,Andreas Dräger,Claudine Chaouiya,Frank T Bergmann,Andrew Finney,Colin S Gillespie,Tomáš Helikar,Stefan Hoops,Rahuman S Malik-Sheriff,Stuart L Moodie,Ion I Moraru,Chris J Myers,Aurélien Naldi,Brett G Olivier,Sven Sahle,James C Schaff,Lucian P Smith,Maciej J Swat,Denis Thieffry,Leandro Watanabe,Darren J Wilkinson,Michael L Blinov,Kimberly

    Systems biology has experienced dramatic growth in the number, size, and complexity of computational models. To reproduce simulation results and reuse models, researchers must exchange unambiguous model descriptions. We review the latest edition of the Systems Biology Markup Language (SBML), a format designed for this purpose. A community of modelers and software authors developed SBML Level 3 over

  • Community standards to facilitate development and address challenges in metabolic modeling.
    Mol. Syst. Biol. (IF 8.991) Pub Date : 2020-08-26
    Maureen A Carey,Andreas Dräger,Moritz E Beber,Jason A Papin,James T Yurkovich

    Standardization of data and models facilitates effective communication, especially in computational systems biology. However, both the development and consistent use of standards and resources remain challenging. As a result, the amount, quality, and format of the information contained within systems biology models are not consistent and therefore present challenges for widespread use and communication

  • LymphoAtlas: a dynamic and integrated phosphoproteomic resource of TCR signaling in primary T cells reveals ITSN2 as a regulator of effector functions.
    Mol. Syst. Biol. (IF 8.991) Pub Date : 2020-07-03
    Marie Locard-Paulet,Guillaume Voisinne,Carine Froment,Marisa Goncalves Menoita,Youcef Ounoughene,Laura Girard,Claude Gregoire,Daiki Mori,Manuel Martinez,Hervé Luche,Jerôme Garin,Marie Malissen,Odile Burlet-Schiltz,Bernard Malissen,Anne Gonzalez de Peredo,Romain Roncagalli

    T‐cell receptor (TCR ) ligation‐mediated protein phosphorylation regulates the activation, cellular responses, and fates of T cells. Here, we used time‐resolved high‐resolution phosphoproteomics to identify, quantify, and characterize the phosphorylation dynamics of thousands of phosphorylation sites in primary T cells during the first 10 min after TCR stimulation. Bioinformatic analysis of the data

  • Drug mechanism-of-action discovery through the integration of pharmacological and CRISPR screens.
    Mol. Syst. Biol. (IF 8.991) Pub Date : 2020-07-06
    Emanuel Gonçalves,Aldo Segura-Cabrera,Clare Pacini,Gabriele Picco,Fiona M Behan,Patricia Jaaks,Elizabeth A Coker,Donny van der Meer,Andrew Barthorpe,Howard Lightfoot,Tatiana Mironenko,Alexandra Beck,Laura Richardson,Wanjuan Yang,Ermira Lleshi,James Hall,Charlotte Tolley,Caitlin Hall,Iman Mali,Frances Thomas,James Morris,Andrew R Leach,James T Lynch,Ben Sidders,Claire Crafter,Francesco Iorio,Stephen

    Low success rates during drug development are due, in part, to the difficulty of defining drug mechanism‐of‐action and molecular markers of therapeutic activity. Here, we integrated 199,219 drug sensitivity measurements for 397 unique anti‐cancer drugs with genome‐wide CRISPR loss‐of‐function screens in 484 cell lines to systematically investigate cellular drug mechanism‐of‐action. We observed an enrichment

  • Using deep mutational scanning to benchmark variant effect predictors and identify disease mutations.
    Mol. Syst. Biol. (IF 8.991) Pub Date : 2020-07-06
    Benjamin J Livesey,Joseph A Marsh

    To deal with the huge number of novel protein‐coding variants identified by genome and exome sequencing studies, many computational variant effect predictors (VEPs) have been developed. Such predictors are often trained and evaluated using different variant data sets, making a direct comparison between VEPs difficult. In this study, we use 31 previously published deep mutational scanning (DMS) experiments

  • Dual lysine and N-terminal acetyltransferases reveal the complexity underpinning protein acetylation.
    Mol. Syst. Biol. (IF 8.991) Pub Date : 2020-07-07
    Willy V Bienvenut,Annika Brünje,Jean-Baptiste Boyer,Jens S Mühlenbeck,Gautier Bernal,Ines Lassowskat,Cyril Dian,Eric Linster,Trinh V Dinh,Minna M Koskela,Vincent Jung,Julian Seidel,Laura K Schyrba,Aiste Ivanauskaite,Jürgen Eirich,Rüdiger Hell,Dirk Schwarzer,Paula Mulo,Markus Wirtz,Thierry Meinnel,Carmela Giglione,Iris Finkemeier

    Protein acetylation is a highly frequent protein modification. However, comparatively little is known about its enzymatic machinery. N‐α‐acetylation (NTA ) and ε‐lysine acetylation (KA ) are known to be catalyzed by distinct families of enzymes (NAT s and KAT s, respectively), although the possibility that the same GCN 5‐related N‐acetyltransferase (GNAT ) can perform both functions has been debated

  • Programmable CRISPR-Cas transcriptional activation in bacteria.
    Mol. Syst. Biol. (IF 8.991) Pub Date : 2020-07-13
    Hsing-I Ho,Jennifer R Fang,Jacky Cheung,Harris H Wang

    Programmable gene activation enables fine‐tuned regulation of endogenous and synthetic gene circuits to control cellular behavior. While CRISPR‐Cas‐mediated gene activation has been extensively developed for eukaryotic systems, similar strategies have been difficult to implement in bacteria. Here, we present a generalizable platform for screening and selection of functional bacterial CRISPR‐Cas transcription

  • A new model for the HPA axis explains dysregulation of stress hormones on the timescale of weeks.
    Mol. Syst. Biol. (IF 8.991) Pub Date : 2020-07-16
    Omer Karin,Moriya Raz,Avichai Tendler,Alon Bar,Yael Korem Kohanim,Tomer Milo,Uri Alon

    Stress activates a complex network of hormones known as the hypothalamic–pituitary–adrenal (HPA) axis. The HPA axis is dysregulated in chronic stress and psychiatric disorders, but the origin of this dysregulation is unclear and cannot be explained by current HPA models. To address this, we developed a mathematical model for the HPA axis that incorporates changes in the total functional mass of the

  • Multiplexing cell-cell communication.
    Mol. Syst. Biol. (IF 8.991) Pub Date : 2020-07-16
    John T Sexton,Jeffrey J Tabor

    The engineering of advanced multicellular behaviors, such as the programmed growth of biofilms or tissues, requires cells to communicate multiple aspects of physiological information. Unfortunately, few cell‐cell communication systems have been developed for synthetic biology. Here, we engineer a genetically encoded channel selector device that enables a single communication system to transmit two

  • Developmental function and state transitions of a gene expression oscillator in Caenorhabditis elegans.
    Mol. Syst. Biol. (IF 8.991) Pub Date : 2020-07-20
    Milou Wm Meeuse,Yannick P Hauser,Lucas J Morales Moya,Gert-Jan Hendriks,Jan Eglinger,Guy Bogaarts,Charisios Tsiairis,Helge Großhans

    Gene expression oscillators can structure biological events temporally and spatially. Different biological functions benefit from distinct oscillator properties. Thus, finite developmental processes rely on oscillators that start and stop at specific times, a poorly understood behavior. Here, we have characterized a massive gene expression oscillator comprising > 3,700 genes in Caenorhabditis elegans

  • Building biosecurity for synthetic biology.
    Mol. Syst. Biol. (IF 8.991) Pub Date : 2020-07-21
    Benjamin D Trump,S E Galaitsi,Evan Appleton,Diederik A Bleijs,Marie-Valentine Florin,Jimmy D Gollihar,R Alexander Hamilton,Todd Kuiken,Filippa Lentzos,Ruth Mampuys,Myriam Merad,Tatyana Novossiolova,Kenneth Oye,Edward Perkins,Natàlia Garcia-Reyero,Catherine Rhodes,Igor Linkov

    The fast‐paced field of synthetic biology is fundamentally changing the global biosecurity framework. Current biosecurity regulations and strategies are based on previous governance paradigms for pathogen‐oriented security, recombinant DNA research, and broader concerns related to genetically modified organisms (GMO s). Many scholarly discussions and biosecurity practitioners are therefore concerned

  • Disentangling molecular mechanisms regulating sensitization of interferon alpha signal transduction.
    Mol. Syst. Biol. (IF 8.991) Pub Date : 2020-07-21
    Frédérique Kok,Marcus Rosenblatt,Melissa Teusel,Tamar Nizharadze,Vladimir Gonçalves Magalhães,Christopher Dächert,Tim Maiwald,Artyom Vlasov,Marvin Wäsch,Silvana Tyufekchieva,Katrin Hoffmann,Georg Damm,Daniel Seehofer,Tobias Boettler,Marco Binder,Jens Timmer,Marcel Schilling,Ursula Klingmüller

    Tightly interlinked feedback regulators control the dynamics of intracellular responses elicited by the activation of signal transduction pathways. Interferon alpha (IFNα) orchestrates antiviral responses in hepatocytes, yet mechanisms that define pathway sensitization in response to prestimulation with different IFNα doses remained unresolved. We establish, based on quantitative measurements obtained

  • The Cancer Dependency Map enables drug mechanism-of-action investigations.
    Mol. Syst. Biol. (IF 8.991) Pub Date : 2020-07-21
    Francisca Vazquez,Jesse S Boehm

    How do small molecules exert their effects in mammalian cells? This seemingly simple question continues to represent one of the fundamental challenges of modern translational science and as such has long been the subject of intense scientific scrutiny. In their recent study, Garnett and colleagues (Gonçalves et al , 2020) demonstrate proof‐of‐concept for a new way to attack this problem systematically

  • A substrate-based ontology for human solute carriers.
    Mol. Syst. Biol. (IF 8.991) Pub Date : 2020-07-22
    Eva Meixner,Ulrich Goldmann,Vitaly Sedlyarov,Stefania Scorzoni,Manuele Rebsamen,Enrico Girardi,Giulio Superti-Furga

    Solute carriers (SLCs) are the largest family of transmembrane transporters in the human genome with more than 400 members. Despite the fact that SLCs mediate critical biological functions and several are important pharmacological targets, a large proportion of them is poorly characterized and present no assigned substrate. A major limitation to systems‐level de‐orphanization campaigns is the absence

  • The protein expression profile of ACE2 in human tissues.
    Mol. Syst. Biol. (IF 8.991) Pub Date : 2020-07-26
    Feria Hikmet,Loren Méar,Åsa Edvinsson,Patrick Micke,Mathias Uhlén,Cecilia Lindskog

    The novel SARS‐coronavirus 2 (SARS‐CoV‐2) poses a global challenge on healthcare and society. For understanding the susceptibility for SARS‐CoV‐2 infection, the cell type‐specific expression of the host cell surface receptor is necessary. The key protein suggested to be involved in host cell entry is angiotensin I converting enzyme 2 (ACE2). Here, we report the expression pattern of ACE2 across > 150

  • Can ACE2 expression explain SARS-CoV-2 infection of the respiratory epithelia in COVID-19?
    Mol. Syst. Biol. (IF 8.991) Pub Date : 2020-07-26
    Martijn C Nawijn,Wim Timens

    Infection with severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus‐2 (SARS ‐CoV‐2) leads to coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID ‐19), which poses an unprecedented worldwide health crisis, and has been declared a pandemic by the World Health Organization (WHO ) on March 11, 2020. The angiotensin converting enzyme 2 (ACE 2) has been suggested to be the key protein used by SARS ‐CoV‐2 for host cell entry. In their

  • In vitro and in vivo identification of clinically approved drugs that modify ACE2 expression.
    Mol. Syst. Biol. (IF 8.991) Pub Date : 2020-07-29
    Sanju Sinha,Kuoyuan Cheng,Alejandro A Schäffer,Kenneth Aldape,Eyal Schiff,Eytan Ruppin

    The COVID ‐19 pandemic caused by SARS ‐CoV‐2 has is a global health challenge. Angiotensin‐converting enzyme 2 (ACE 2 ) is the host receptor for SARS ‐CoV‐2 entry. Recent studies have suggested that patients with hypertension and diabetes treated with ACE inhibitors (ACEI s) or angiotensin receptor blockers have a higher risk of COVID ‐19 infection as these drugs could upregulate ACE 2 , motivating

  • How to catch the N - An inter-species exchange with the right chemistry.
    Mol. Syst. Biol. (IF 8.991) Pub Date : 2020-06-03
    Tonni Grube Andersen

    While classical breeding traits have focussed on above‐ground tissues, it is becoming clear that underground aspects of plant life are a hidden treasure of tools applicable for resilient crop production. Plants of the legume family develop specialized organs, called nodules, which serve as hosts for Rhizobium bacteroids. A highly specialized symbiotic relationship exists deep inside the nodules. In

  • Co-catabolism of arginine and succinate drives symbiotic nitrogen fixation.
    Mol. Syst. Biol. (IF 8.991) Pub Date : 2020-06-03
    Carlos Eduardo Flores-Tinoco,Flavia Tschan,Tobias Fuhrer,Céline Margot,Uwe Sauer,Matthias Christen,Beat Christen

    Biological nitrogen fixation emerging from the symbiosis between bacteria and crop plants holds promise to increase the sustainability of agriculture. One of the biggest hurdles for the engineering of nitrogen‐fixing organisms is an incomplete knowledge of metabolic interactions between microbe and plant. In contrast to the previously assumed supply of only succinate, we describe here the CATCH ‐N

  • Proteome profiling in cerebrospinal fluid reveals novel biomarkers of Alzheimer's disease.
    Mol. Syst. Biol. (IF 8.991) Pub Date : 2020-06-02
    Jakob M Bader,Philipp E Geyer,Johannes B Müller,Maximilian T Strauss,Manja Koch,Frank Leypoldt,Peter Koertvelyessy,Daniel Bittner,Carola G Schipke,Enise I Incesoy,Oliver Peters,Nikolaus Deigendesch,Mikael Simons,Majken K Jensen,Henrik Zetterberg,Matthias Mann

    Neurodegenerative diseases are a growing burden, and there is an urgent need for better biomarkers for diagnosis, prognosis, and treatment efficacy. Structural and functional brain alterations are reflected in the protein composition of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF ). Alzheimer's disease (AD ) patients have higher CSF levels of tau, but we lack knowledge of systems‐wide changes of CSF protein levels that

  • CRISPR-TAPE: protein-centric CRISPR guide design for targeted proteome engineering.
    Mol. Syst. Biol. (IF 8.991) Pub Date : 2020-06-02
    Daniel Paolo Anderson,Henry James Benns,Edward William Tate,Matthew Andrew Child

    Rational molecular engineering of proteins with CRISPR ‐based approaches is challenged by the gene‐centric nature of gRNA design tools. To address this, we have developed CRISPR ‐TAPE , a protein‐centric gRNA design algorithm that allows users to target specific residues, or amino acid types within proteins. gRNA outputs can be customized to support maximal efficacy of homology‐directed repair for

  • Bayesian modeling reveals metabolite-dependent ultrasensitivity in the cyanobacterial circadian clock.
    Mol. Syst. Biol. (IF 8.991) Pub Date : 2020-06-04
    Lu Hong,Danylo O Lavrentovich,Archana Chavan,Eugene Leypunskiy,Eileen Li,Charles Matthews,Andy LiWang,Michael J Rust,Aaron R Dinner

    Mathematical models can enable a predictive understanding of mechanism in cell biology by quantitatively describing complex networks of interactions, but such models are often poorly constrained by available data. Owing to its relative biochemical simplicity, the core circadian oscillator in Synechococcus elongatus has become a prototypical system for studying how collective dynamics emerge from molecular

  • High-throughput, microscope-based sorting to dissect cellular heterogeneity.
    Mol. Syst. Biol. (IF 8.991) Pub Date : 2020-06-05
    Nicholas Hasle,Anthony Cooke,Sanjay Srivatsan,Heather Huang,Jason J Stephany,Zachary Krieger,Dana Jackson,Weiliang Tang,Sriram Pendyala,Raymond J Monnat,Cole Trapnell,Emily M Hatch,Douglas M Fowler

    Microscopy is a powerful tool for characterizing complex cellular phenotypes, but linking these phenotypes to genotype or RNA expression at scale remains challenging. Here, we present Visual Cell Sorting, a method that physically separates hundreds of thousands of live cells based on their visual phenotype. Automated imaging and phenotypic analysis directs selective illumination of Dendra2, a photoconvertible

  • Slower growth of Escherichia coli leads to longer survival in carbon starvation due to a decrease in the maintenance rate.
    Mol. Syst. Biol. (IF 8.991) Pub Date : 2020-06-05
    Elena Biselli,Severin Josef Schink,Ulrich Gerland

    Fitness of bacteria is determined both by how fast cells grow when nutrients are abundant and by how well they survive when conditions worsen. Here, we study how prior growth conditions affect the death rate of Escherichia coli during carbon starvation. We control the growth rate prior to starvation either via the carbon source or via a carbon‐limited chemostat. We find a consistent dependence where

  • Controlling spatiotemporal pattern formation in a concentration gradient with a synthetic toggle switch.
    Mol. Syst. Biol. (IF 8.991) Pub Date : 2020-06-12
    Içvara Barbier,Rubén Perez-Carrasco,Yolanda Schaerli

    The formation of spatiotemporal patterns of gene expression is frequently guided by gradients of diffusible signaling molecules. The toggle switch subnetwork, composed of two cross‐repressing transcription factors, is a common component of gene regulatory networks in charge of patterning, converting the continuous information provided by the gradient into discrete abutting stripes of gene expression

  • (Photo)convert to pooled visual screening.
    Mol. Syst. Biol. (IF 8.991) Pub Date : 2020-06-16
    Elena Ivanova,Anton Khmelinskii

    Pooled genetic screening is a powerful method to systematically link genotype to phenotype and gain insights into biological processes, but applying it to visual phenotypes such as cell morphology or protein localization has remained a challenge. In their recent work, Fowler and colleagues (Hasle et al , 2020) describe an elegant approach for high‐throughput cell sorting according to visual phenotypes

  • Reduced proteasome activity in the aging brain results in ribosome stoichiometry loss and aggregation.
    Mol. Syst. Biol. (IF 8.991) Pub Date : 2020-06-18
    Erika Kelmer Sacramento,Joanna M Kirkpatrick,Mariateresa Mazzetto,Mario Baumgart,Aleksandar Bartolome,Simone Di Sanzo,Cinzia Caterino,Michele Sanguanini,Nikoletta Papaevgeniou,Maria Lefaki,Dorothee Childs,Sara Bagnoli,Eva Terzibasi Tozzini,Domenico Di Fraia,Natalie Romanov,Peter H Sudmant,Wolfgang Huber,Niki Chondrogianni,Michele Vendruscolo,Alessandro Cellerino,Alessandro Ori

    A progressive loss of protein homeostasis is characteristic of aging and a driver of neurodegeneration. To investigate this process quantitatively, we characterized proteome dynamics during brain aging in the short‐lived vertebrate Nothobranchius furzeri combining transcriptomics and proteomics. We detected a progressive reduction in the correlation between protein and mRNA , mainly due to post‐transcriptional

  • scClassify: sample size estimation and multiscale classification of cells using single and multiple reference.
    Mol. Syst. Biol. (IF 8.991) Pub Date : 2020-06-22
    Yingxin Lin,Yue Cao,Hani Jieun Kim,Agus Salim,Terence P Speed,David M Lin,Pengyi Yang,Jean Yee Hwa Yang

    Automated cell type identification is a key computational challenge in single‐cell RNA ‐sequencing (scRNA ‐seq) data. To capitalise on the large collection of well‐annotated scRNA ‐seq datasets, we developed scClassify, a multiscale classification framework based on ensemble learning and cell type hierarchies constructed from single or multiple annotated datasets as references. scClassify enables the

  • Personalized whole-body models integrate metabolism, physiology, and the gut microbiome.
    Mol. Syst. Biol. (IF 8.991) Pub Date : 2020-05-28
    Ines Thiele,Swagatika Sahoo,Almut Heinken,Johannes Hertel,Laurent Heirendt,Maike K Aurich,Ronan Mt Fleming

    Comprehensive molecular‐level models of human metabolism have been generated on a cellular level. However, models of whole‐body metabolism have not been established as they require new methodological approaches to integrate molecular and physiological data. We developed a new metabolic network reconstruction approach that used organ‐specific information from literature and omics data to generate two

  • Genetic interaction profiles of regulatory kinases differ between environmental conditions and cellular states.
    Mol. Syst. Biol. (IF 8.991) Pub Date : 2020-05-25
    Siyu Sun,Anastasia Baryshnikova,Nathan Brandt,David Gresham

    Cell growth and quiescence in eukaryotic cells is controlled by an evolutionarily conserved network of signaling pathways. Signal transduction networks operate to modulate a wide range of cellular processes and physiological properties when cells exit proliferative growth and initiate a quiescent state. How signaling networks function to respond to diverse signals that result in cell cycle exit and

  • Impact of C-terminal amino acid composition on protein expression in bacteria.
    Mol. Syst. Biol. (IF 8.991) Pub Date : 2020-05-25
    Marc Weber,Raul Burgos,Eva Yus,Jae-Seong Yang,Maria Lluch-Senar,Luis Serrano

    The C-terminal sequence of a protein is involved in processes such as efficiency of translation termination and protein degradation. However, the general relationship between features of this C-terminal sequence and levels of protein expression remains unknown. Here, we identified C-terminal amino acid biases that are ubiquitous across the bacterial taxonomy (1,582 genomes). We showed that the frequency

  • Identification of genomic enhancers through spatial integration of single-cell transcriptomics and epigenomics.
    Mol. Syst. Biol. (IF 8.991) Pub Date : 2020-05-19
    Carmen Bravo González-Blas,Xiao-Jiang Quan,Ramon Duran-Romaña,Ibrahim Ihsan Taskiran,Duygu Koldere,Kristofer Davie,Valerie Christiaens,Samira Makhzami,Gert Hulselmans,Maxime de Waegeneer,David Mauduit,Suresh Poovathingal,Sara Aibar,Stein Aerts

    Single-cell technologies allow measuring chromatin accessibility and gene expression in each cell, but jointly utilizing both layers to map bona fide gene regulatory networks and enhancers remains challenging. Here, we generate independent single-cell RNA-seq and single-cell ATAC-seq atlases of the Drosophila eye-antennal disc and spatially integrate the data into a virtual latent space that mimics

  • Closing the gap: a roadmap to single-cell regulatory genomics.
    Mol. Syst. Biol. (IF 8.991) Pub Date : 2020-05-19
    Julie Carnesecchi,Ingrid Lohmann

    Studying the spatiotemporal control of gene regulatory networks at the single-cell level is still a challenge, yet it is key to understanding the mechanisms driving cellular identity. In their recent study, Aerts and colleagues (González-Blas et al, 2020) develop a new strategy to spatially map and integrate single-cell transcriptome and epigenome profiles in the Drosophila eye-antennal disc and to

  • Evidence for rate-dependent filtering of global extrinsic noise by biochemical reactions in mammalian cells.
    Mol. Syst. Biol. (IF 8.991) Pub Date : 2020-05-14
    Jiegen Wu,Xu Han,Haotian Zhai,Tingyu Yang,Yihan Lin

    Recent studies have revealed that global extrinsic noise arising from stochasticity in the intracellular biochemical environment plays a critical role in heterogeneous cell physiologies. However, it remains largely unclear how such extrinsic noise dynamically influences downstream reactions and whether it could be neutralized by cellular reactions. Here, using fluorescent protein (FP) maturation as

  • Endoplasmic reticulum stress actively suppresses hepatic molecular identity in damaged liver.
    Mol. Syst. Biol. (IF 8.991) Pub Date : 2020-05-14
    Vanessa Dubois,Céline Gheeraert,Wouter Vankrunkelsven,Julie Dubois-Chevalier,Hélène Dehondt,Marie Bobowski-Gerard,Manjula Vinod,Francesco Paolo Zummo,Fabian Güiza,Maheul Ploton,Emilie Dorchies,Laurent Pineau,Alexis Boulinguiez,Emmanuelle Vallez,Eloise Woitrain,Eric Baugé,Fanny Lalloyer,Christian Duhem,Nabil Rabhi,Ronald E van Kesteren,Cheng-Ming Chiang,Steve Lancel,Hélène Duez,Jean-Sébastien Annicotte

    Liver injury triggers adaptive remodeling of the hepatic transcriptome for repair/regeneration. We demonstrate that this involves particularly profound transcriptomic alterations where acute induction of genes involved in handling of endoplasmic reticulum stress (ERS) is accompanied by partial hepatic dedifferentiation. Importantly, widespread hepatic gene downregulation could not simply be ascribed

  • Protease-resistant streptavidin for interaction proteomics.
    Mol. Syst. Biol. (IF 8.991) Pub Date : 2020-05-13
    Mahmoud-Reza Rafiee,Gianluca Sigismondo,Mathias Kalxdorf,Laura Förster,Britta Brügger,Julien Béthune,Jeroen Krijgsveld

    Streptavidin-mediated enrichment is a powerful strategy to identify biotinylated biomolecules and their interaction partners; however, intense streptavidin-derived peptides impede protein identification by mass spectrometry. Here, we present an approach to chemically modify streptavidin, thus rendering it resistant to proteolysis by trypsin and LysC. This modification results in over 100-fold reduction

  • The protein architecture of the endocytic coat analyzed by FRET microscopy.
    Mol. Syst. Biol. (IF 8.991) Pub Date : 2020-05-13
    Michal Skruzny,Emma Pohl,Sandina Gnoth,Gabriele Malengo,Victor Sourjik

    Endocytosis is a fundamental cellular trafficking pathway, which requires an organized assembly of the multiprotein endocytic coat to pull the plasma membrane into the cell. Although the protein composition of the endocytic coat is known, its functional architecture is not well understood. Here, we determine the nanoscale organization of the endocytic coat by FRET microscopy in yeast Saccharomyces

  • The acute effect of metabolic cofactor supplementation: a potential therapeutic strategy against non-alcoholic fatty liver disease.
    Mol. Syst. Biol. (IF 8.991) Pub Date : 2020-04-01
    Cheng Zhang,Elias Bjornson,Muhammad Arif,Abdellah Tebani,Alen Lovric,Rui Benfeitas,Mehmet Ozcan,Kajetan Juszczak,Woonghee Kim,Jung Tae Kim,Gholamreza Bidkhori,Marcus Ståhlman,Per-Olof Bergh,Martin Adiels,Hasan Turkez,Marja-Riitta Taskinen,Jim Bosley,Hanns-Ulrich Marschall,Jens Nielsen,Mathias Uhlén,Jan Borén,Adil Mardinoglu

    The prevalence of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) continues to increase dramatically, and there is no approved medication for its treatment. Recently, we predicted the underlying molecular mechanisms involved in the progression of NAFLD using network analysis and identified metabolic cofactors that might be beneficial as supplements to decrease human liver fat. Here, we first assessed the

  • STAT3-dependent analysis reveals PDK4 as independent predictor of recurrence in prostate cancer.
    Mol. Syst. Biol. (IF 8.991) Pub Date : 2020-04-01
    Monika Oberhuber,Matteo Pecoraro,Mate Rusz,Georg Oberhuber,Maritta Wieselberg,Peter Haslinger,Elisabeth Gurnhofer,Michaela Schlederer,Tanja Limberger,Sabine Lagger,Jan Pencik,Petra Kodajova,Sandra Högler,Georg Stockmaier,Sandra Grund-Gröschke,Fritz Aberger,Marco Bolis,Jean-Philippe Theurillat,Robert Wiebringhaus,Theresa Weiss,Andrea Haitel,Marc Brehme,Wolfgang Wadsak,Johannes Griss,Thomas Mohr,Alexandra

    Prostate cancer (PCa) has a broad spectrum of clinical behavior; hence, biomarkers are urgently needed for risk stratification. Here, we aim to find potential biomarkers for risk stratification, by utilizing a gene co-expression network of transcriptomics data in addition to laser-microdissected proteomics from human and murine prostate FFPE samples. We show up-regulation of oxidative phosphorylation

  • Pyruvate kinase variant of fission yeast tunes carbon metabolism, cell regulation, growth and stress resistance.
    Mol. Syst. Biol. (IF 8.991) Pub Date : 2020-04-01
    Stephan Kamrad,Jan Grossbach,Maria Rodríguez-López,Michael Mülleder,StJohn Townsend,Valentina Cappelletti,Gorjan Stojanovski,Clara Correia-Melo,Paola Picotti,Andreas Beyer,Markus Ralser,Jürg Bähler

    Cells balance glycolysis with respiration to support their metabolic needs in different environmental or physiological contexts. With abundant glucose, many cells prefer to grow by aerobic glycolysis or fermentation. Using 161 natural isolates of fission yeast, we investigated the genetic basis and phenotypic effects of the fermentation-respiration balance. The laboratory and a few other strains depended

  • Pan-tissue analysis of allelic alternative polyadenylation suggests widespread functional regulation.
    Mol. Syst. Biol. (IF 8.991) Pub Date : 2020-04-01
    Yisheng Li,Bernhard Schaefke,Xudong Zou,Min Zhang,Florian Heyd,Wei Sun,Bin Zhang,Guipeng Li,Weizheng Liang,Yuhao He,Juexiao Zhou,Yunfei Li,Liang Fang,Yuhui Hu,Wei Chen

    Alternative polyadenylation (APA) is a major layer of gene regulation. However, it has recently been argued that most APA represents molecular noise. To clarify their functional relevance and evolution, we quantified allele-specific APA patterns in multiple tissues from an F1 hybrid mouse. We found a clearly negative correlation between gene expression and APA diversity for the 2,866 genes (24.9%)

  • A Bright IDEA.
    Mol. Syst. Biol. (IF 8.991) Pub Date : 2020-04-01
    Christopher Jackson,David Gresham

    Transcription factors (TFs) control the rate of mRNA production. Technological advances have made the task of measuring mRNA levels for all genes straightforward, but identifying causal relationships between TFs and their target genes remains an unsolved problem in biology. In their recent study, McIsaac and colleagues (Hackett et al, 2020) apply a method for inducing the overexpression of a TF and

  • Improved detection of differentially represented DNA barcodes for high-throughput clonal phenomics.
    Mol. Syst. Biol. (IF 8.991) Pub Date : 2020-03-01
    Yevhen Akimov,Daria Bulanova,Sanna Timonen,Krister Wennerberg,Tero Aittokallio

    Cellular DNA barcoding has become a popular approach to study heterogeneity of cell populations and to identify clones with differential response to cellular stimuli. However, there is a lack of reliable methods for statistical inference of differentially responding clones. Here, we used mixtures of DNA-barcoded cell pools to generate a realistic benchmark read count dataset for modelling a range of

  • Learning causal networks using inducible transcription factors and transcriptome-wide time series.
    Mol. Syst. Biol. (IF 8.991) Pub Date : 2020-03-01
    Sean R Hackett,Edward A Baltz,Marc Coram,Bernd J Wranik,Griffin Kim,Adam Baker,Minjie Fan,David G Hendrickson,Marc Berndl,R Scott McIsaac

    We present IDEA (the Induction Dynamics gene Expression Atlas), a dataset constructed by independently inducing hundreds of transcription factors (TFs) and measuring timecourses of the resulting gene expression responses in budding yeast. Each experiment captures a regulatory cascade connecting a single induced regulator to the genes it causally regulates. We discuss the regulatory cascade of a single

  • Isoform-resolved correlation analysis between mRNA abundance regulation and protein level degradation.
    Mol. Syst. Biol. (IF 8.991) Pub Date : 2020-03-01
    Barbora Salovska,Hongwen Zhu,Tejas Gandhi,Max Frank,Wenxue Li,George Rosenberger,Chongde Wu,Pierre-Luc Germain,Hu Zhou,Zdenek Hodny,Lukas Reiter,Yansheng Liu

    Profiling of biological relationships between different molecular layers dissects regulatory mechanisms that ultimately determine cellular function. To thoroughly assess the role of protein post-translational turnover, we devised a strategy combining pulse stable isotope-labeled amino acids in cells (pSILAC), data-independent acquisition mass spectrometry (DIA-MS), and a novel data analysis framework

  • CRISPR/Cas9 recombineering-mediated deep mutational scanning of essential genes in Escherichia coli.
    Mol. Syst. Biol. (IF 8.991) Pub Date : 2020-03-01
    Alaksh Choudhury,Jacob A Fenster,Reilly G Fankhauser,Joel L Kaar,Olivier Tenaillon,Ryan T Gill

    Deep mutational scanning can provide significant insights into the function of essential genes in bacteria. Here, we developed a high-throughput method for mutating essential genes of Escherichia coli in their native genetic context. We used Cas9-mediated recombineering to introduce a library of mutations, created by error-prone PCR, within a gene fragment on the genome using a single gRNA pre-validated

  • Translational efficiency across healthy and tumor tissues is proliferation-related.
    Mol. Syst. Biol. (IF 8.991) Pub Date : 2020-03-01
    Xavier Hernandez-Alias,Hannah Benisty,Martin H Schaefer,Luis Serrano

    Different tissues express genes with particular codon usage and anticodon tRNA repertoires. However, the codon-anticodon co-adaptation in humans is not completely understood, nor is its effect on tissue-specific protein levels. Here, we first validated the accuracy of small RNA-seq for tRNA quantification across five human cell lines. We then analyzed the tRNA abundance of more than 8,000 tumor samples

  • KCML: a machine-learning framework for inference of multi-scale gene functions from genetic perturbation screens.
    Mol. Syst. Biol. (IF 8.991) Pub Date : 2020-03-01
    Heba Z Sailem,Jens Rittscher,Lucas Pelkmans

    Characterising context-dependent gene functions is crucial for understanding the genetic bases of health and disease. To date, inference of gene functions from large-scale genetic perturbation screens is based on ad hoc analysis pipelines involving unsupervised clustering and functional enrichment. We present Knowledge- and Context-driven Machine Learning (KCML), a framework that systematically predicts

  • Thermal proteome profiling for interrogating protein interactions.
    Mol. Syst. Biol. (IF 8.991) Pub Date : 2020-03-01
    André Mateus,Nils Kurzawa,Isabelle Becher,Sindhuja Sridharan,Dominic Helm,Frank Stein,Athanasios Typas,Mikhail M Savitski

    Thermal proteome profiling (TPP) is based on the principle that, when subjected to heat, proteins denature and become insoluble. Proteins can change their thermal stability upon interactions with small molecules (such as drugs or metabolites), nucleic acids or other proteins, or upon post-translational modifications. TPP uses multiplexed quantitative mass spectrometry-based proteomics to monitor the

  • Programming Escherichia coli to function as a digital display.
    Mol. Syst. Biol. (IF 8.991) Pub Date : 2020-03-01
    Jonghyeon Shin,Shuyi Zhang,Bryan S Der,Alec Ak Nielsen,Christopher A Voigt

    Synthetic genetic circuits offer the potential to wield computational control over biology, but their complexity is limited by the accuracy of mathematical models. Here, we present advances that enable the complete encoding of an electronic chip in the DNA carried by Escherichia coli (E. coli). The chip is a binary-coded digit (BCD) to 7-segment decoder, associated with clocks and calculators, to turn