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  • Influence of Nesting Characteristics on Health of Wild Bee Communities.
    Annu. Rev. Entomol. (IF 11.796) Pub Date : 2020-01-07
    Alexandra Harmon-Threatt

    Nest site availability and quality are important for maintaining robust populations and communities of wild bees. However, for most species, nesting traits and nest site conditions are poorly known, limiting both our understanding of basic ecology for bee species and conservation efforts. Additionally, many of the threats commonly associated with reducing bee populations have effects that can extend

    更新日期:2020-01-13
  • Balancing Disturbance and Conservation in Agroecosystems to Improve Biological Control.
    Annu. Rev. Entomol. (IF 11.796) Pub Date : 2020-01-07
    John F Tooker,Matthew E O'Neal,Cesar Rodriguez-Saona

    Disturbances associated with agricultural intensification reduce our ability to achieve sustainable crop production. These disturbances stem from crop-management tactics and can leave crop fields more vulnerable to insect outbreaks, in part because natural-enemy communities often tend to be more susceptible to disturbance than herbivorous pests. Recent research has explored practices that conserve

    更新日期:2020-01-13
  • Preface.
    Annu. Rev. Entomol. (IF 11.796) Pub Date : 2020-01-07
    John Trumble

    更新日期:2020-01-07
  • Preface.
    Annu. Rev. Entomol. (IF 11.796) Pub Date : 2019-01-11
    Angela E Douglas

    更新日期:2019-11-01
  • Preface: Valedictory from a Gadfly Grammarian.
    Annu. Rev. Entomol. (IF 11.796) Pub Date : 2018-01-13
    May R Berenbaum

    更新日期:2019-11-01
  • Introduction.
    Annu. Rev. Entomol. (IF 11.796) Pub Date : 2017-02-02
    Subba Reddy Palli

    更新日期:2019-11-01
  • Foreword.
    Annu. Rev. Entomol. (IF 11.796) Pub Date : 2016-03-18
    Myron Zalucki

    更新日期:2019-11-01
  • Introduction.
    Annu. Rev. Entomol. (IF 11.796) Pub Date : 2015-02-26
    Rensen Zeng

    更新日期:2019-11-01
  • 更新日期:2019-11-01
  • Entomological reactions to Darwin's theory in the nineteenth century.
    Annu. Rev. Entomol. (IF 11.796) Pub Date : 2007-12-11
    Gene Kritsky

    Charles Darwin first became interested in entomology during his childhood, and this interest grew into a beetle-collecting obsession during his college days. Following the voyage of the Beagle, his focus on insects shifted from collecting specimens to searching for insect observations that supported his theory of natural selection as proposed in On the Origin of Species. Initially, Darwin believed

    更新日期:2019-11-01
  • Serotonin modulation of moth central olfactory neurons.
    Annu. Rev. Entomol. (IF 11.796) Pub Date : 2007-12-11
    Peter Kloppenburg,Alison R Mercer

    In the tobacco hornworm, Manduca sexta, 5-hydroxytryptamine (5HT) acting at the level of the antennal lobes contributes significantly to changing the moth's responsiveness to olfactory stimuli. 5HT targets K(+) conductances in the cells, increasing the excitability of central olfactory neurons and their responsiveness to olfactory cues. Effects of 5HT modulation are apparent not only at the single

    更新日期:2019-11-01
  • Primer pheromones in social hymenoptera.
    Annu. Rev. Entomol. (IF 11.796) Pub Date : 2007-09-20
    Yves Le Conte,Abraham Hefetz

    Social insect are profoundly influenced by primer pheromones (PPhs), which are efficient means for maintaining social harmony in the colony. PPhs act by affecting the physiology of the recipients with a subsequent shift in their behavior, and many PPhs have a releaser effect (i.e., changing the probability of performing a certain behavior upon perception). In this review we try to clarify the interplay

    更新日期:2019-11-01
  • Prevention of tick-borne diseases.
    Annu. Rev. Entomol. (IF 11.796) Pub Date : 2007-09-20
    Joseph Piesman,Lars Eisen

    Tick-borne diseases are on the rise. Lyme borreliosis is prevalent throughout the Northern Hemisphere, and the same Ixodes tick species transmitting the etiologic agents of this disease also serve as vectors of pathogens causing human babesiosis, human granulocytic anaplasmosis, and tick-borne encephalitis. Recently, several novel agents of rickettsial diseases have been described. Despite an explosion

    更新日期:2019-11-01
  • Population ecology of insect invasions and their management.
    Annu. Rev. Entomol. (IF 11.796) Pub Date : 2007-09-20
    Andrew M Liebhold,Patrick C Tobin

    During the establishment phase of a biological invasion, population dynamics are strongly influenced by Allee effects and stochastic dynamics, both of which may lead to extinction of low-density populations. Allee effects refer to a decline in population growth rate with a decline in abundance and can arise from various mechanisms. Strategies to eradicate newly established populations should focus

    更新日期:2019-11-01
  • Fruit fly (Diptera: Tephritidae) host status determination: critical conceptual, methodological, and regulatory considerations.
    Annu. Rev. Entomol. (IF 11.796) Pub Date : 2007-09-20
    Martín Aluja,Robert L Mangan

    Although fruit fly host status determination/designation lies at the heart of strategic decisions on national and international trade of fruit and vegetables, all attempts thus far to define host plant status have been contentious and as a result long-standing disputes between commercial partners throughout the world have lingered over decades. Part of the problem is that too little effort has been

    更新日期:2019-11-01
  • Plant-mediated interactions between whiteflies, herbivores, and natural enemies.
    Annu. Rev. Entomol. (IF 11.796) Pub Date : 2007-09-20
    Moshe Inbar,Dan Gerling

    Whiteflies (Homoptera: Aleyrodidae) comprise tiny phloem-sucking insects. The sessile development of their immatures and their phloem-feeding habits (with minimal physical plant damage) often lead to plant-mediated interactions with other organisms. The main data come from the polyphagous pest species Bemisia tabaci (Gennadius) and Trialeurodes vaporariorum (Westwood), which are intricately associated

    更新日期:2019-11-01
  • Resource acquisition, allocation, and utilization in parasitoid reproductive strategies.
    Annu. Rev. Entomol. (IF 11.796) Pub Date : 2007-09-20
    Mark A Jervis,Jacintha Ellers,Jeffrey A Harvey

    Parasitoids display remarkable inter- and intraspecific variation in their reproductive and associated traits. Adaptive explanations have been proposed for many of the between-trait relationships. We present an overview of the current knowledge of parasitoid reproductive biology, focusing on egg production strategies in females, by placing parasitoid reproduction within physiological and ecological

    更新日期:2019-11-01
  • Flash signal evolution, mate choice, and predation in fireflies.
    Annu. Rev. Entomol. (IF 11.796) Pub Date : 2007-09-20
    Sara M Lewis,Christopher K Cratsley

    Many key advances in our understanding of firefly biology and signaling have been made over the past two decades. Here we review this recent research, which includes new phylogenetic results that shed light on the evolution of courtship signal diversity within the family Lampyridae, new insights into firefly flash control, and the discovery of firefly nuptial gifts. We present a comprehensive overview

    更新日期:2019-11-01
  • Codling moth management and chemical ecology.
    Annu. Rev. Entomol. (IF 11.796) Pub Date : 2007-09-20
    Peter Witzgall,Lukasz Stelinski,Larry Gut,Don Thomson

    Lepidopteran insects use sex pheromones to communicate for mating. Olfactory communication and mate-finding can be prevented by permeating the atmosphere with synthetic pheromone. Pheromone-mediated mating disruption has become a commercially viable pest management technique and is used to control the codling moth, Cydia pomonella, a key insect pest of apple, on 160,000 ha worldwide. The codling moth

    更新日期:2019-11-01
  • Medical aspects of spider bites.
    Annu. Rev. Entomol. (IF 11.796) Pub Date : 2007-09-20
    Richard S Vetter,Geoffrey K Isbister

    Spiders have been incriminated as causes of human suffering for centuries, but few species worldwide cause medically significant envenomation. Widow spiders (Latrodectus spp.) occur worldwide and cause latrodectism, which is characterized by pain (local and generalized) associated with nonspecific systemic effects, diaphoresis, and less commonly other autonomic and neurological effects. Recluse spiders

    更新日期:2019-11-01
  • The Argentine ant: challenges in managing an invasive unicolonial pest.
    Annu. Rev. Entomol. (IF 11.796) Pub Date : 2007-09-20
    Jules Silverman,Robert John Brightwell

    The Argentine ant, Linepithema humile, has invaded urban, agricultural, and natural habitats worldwide, causing economic damage and disrupting ecosystem processes. Introduced populations of L. humile and those of many other invasive ants tend to be unicolonial, forming expansive, multiqueened supercolonies that dominate native ant communities and challenge control practices in managed habitats. Argentine

    更新日期:2019-11-01
  • Ancient rapid radiations of insects: challenges for phylogenetic analysis.
    Annu. Rev. Entomol. (IF 11.796) Pub Date : 2007-09-20
    James B Whitfield,Karl M Kjer

    Phylogenies of major groups of insects based on both morphological and molecular data have sometimes been contentious, often lacking the data to distinguish between alternative views of relationships. This paucity of data is often due to real biological and historical causes, such as shortness of time spans between divergences for evolution to occur and long time spans after divergences for subsequent

    更新日期:2019-11-01
  • Evolutionary biology of insect learning.
    Annu. Rev. Entomol. (IF 11.796) Pub Date : 2007-09-07
    Reuven Dukas

    Learning and memory, defined as the acquisition and retention of neuronal representations of new information, are ubiquitous among insects. Recent research indicates that a variety of insects rely extensively on learning for all major life activities including feeding, predator avoidance, aggression, social interactions, and sexual behavior. There is good evidence that individuals within an insect

    更新日期:2019-11-01
  • Dengue virus-mosquito interactions.
    Annu. Rev. Entomol. (IF 11.796) Pub Date : 2007-09-07
    Scott B Halstead

    The mosquito Aedes aegypti is more widely dispersed now than at any time in the past, placing billions of humans at risk of infection with one or more of the four dengue viruses. This review presents and discusses information on mosquito-dengue infection dynamics and describes the prominent role that temperature and rainfall play in controlling dengue viral transmission including discussions of the

    更新日期:2019-11-01
  • Roles and effects of environmental carbon dioxide in insect life.
    Annu. Rev. Entomol. (IF 11.796) Pub Date : 2007-09-07
    Pablo G Guerenstein,John G Hildebrand

    Carbon dioxide (CO(2)) is a ubiquitous sensory cue that plays multiple roles in insect behavior. In recent years understanding of the well-known role of CO(2) in foraging by hematophagous insects (e.g., mosquitoes) has grown, and research on the roles of CO(2) cues in the foraging and oviposition behavior of phytophagous insects and in behavior of social insects has stimulated interest in this area

    更新日期:2019-11-01
  • Decline and conservation of bumble bees.
    Annu. Rev. Entomol. (IF 11.796) Pub Date : 2007-09-07
    D Goulson,G C Lye,B Darvill

    Declines in bumble bee species in the past 60 years are well documented in Europe, where they are driven primarily by habitat loss and declines in floral abundance and diversity resulting from agricultural intensification. Impacts of habitat degradation and fragmentation are likely to be compounded by the social nature of bumble bees and their largely monogamous breeding system, which renders their

    更新日期:2019-11-01
  • Diversity and evolution of the insect ventral nerve cord.
    Annu. Rev. Entomol. (IF 11.796) Pub Date : 2007-09-07
    Jeremy E Niven,Christopher M Graham,Malcolm Burrows

    Is the remarkable diversity in the behavior of insects reflected in the organization of their nervous systems? The ventral nerve cords (VNCs) have been described from over 300 insect species covering all the major orders. Interpreting these data in the context of phylogenetic relationships reveals remarkable diversity. The presumed ancestral VNC structure is rarely observed; instead the VNCs of most

    更新日期:2019-11-01
  • Microbial control of insect pests in temperate orchard systems: potential for incorporation into IPM.
    Annu. Rev. Entomol. (IF 11.796) Pub Date : 2007-09-07
    Lawrence A Lacey,David I Shapiro-Ilan

    Because of their selectivity and safety, microbial control agents (MCAs) appear to be ready-made components of integrated pest management (IPM) systems that do not pose a threat to applicators or the environment and allow other natural enemies to function. Control of several orchard pest insects using MCAs, including viruses, Bacillus thuringiensis, fungi, and entomopathogenic nematodes (EPNs), have

    更新日期:2019-11-01
  • Sex determination in the hymenoptera.
    Annu. Rev. Entomol. (IF 11.796) Pub Date : 2007-09-07
    George E Heimpel,Jetske G de Boer

    The dominant and ancestral mode of sex determination in the Hymenoptera is arrhenotokous parthenogenesis, in which diploid females develop from fertilized eggs and haploid males develop from unfertilized eggs. We discuss recent progress in the understanding of the genetic and cytoplasmic mechanisms that make arrhenotoky possible. The best-understood mode of sex determination in the Hymenoptera is complementary

    更新日期:2019-11-01
  • Application of DNA-based methods in forensic entomology.
    Annu. Rev. Entomol. (IF 11.796) Pub Date : 2007-08-10
    Jeffrey D Wells,Jamie R Stevens

    A forensic entomological investigation can benefit from a variety of widely practiced molecular genotyping methods. The most commonly used is DNA-based specimen identification. Other applications include the identification of insect gut contents and the characterization of the population genetic structure of a forensically important insect species. The proper application of these procedures demands

    更新日期:2019-11-01
  • Sexual conflict over nuptial gifts in insects.
    Annu. Rev. Entomol. (IF 11.796) Pub Date : 2007-08-08
    Darryl T Gwynne

    Edible and seminal gifts that male arthropods transfer to their mates range from important material donations to items that provide little direct benefit. Recent reviews and research have emphasized the negative effect of gifts on female fitness, suggesting that male donations reduce the female's remating rate below her optimum or even that nuptial feeding is a net detriment to her fitness. However

    更新日期:2019-11-01
  • A global perspective on the epidemiology of West Nile virus.
    Annu. Rev. Entomol. (IF 11.796) Pub Date : 2007-07-25
    Laura D Kramer,Linda M Styer,Gregory D Ebel

    West Nile virus (WNV) (Flavivirus: Flaviviridae) is the most widespread arbovirus in the world. A significant range expansion occurred beginning in 1999 when the virus was introduced into New York City. This review highlights recent research into WNV epizootiology and epidemiology, including recent advances in understanding of the host-virus interaction at the molecular, organismal, and ecological

    更新日期:2019-11-01
  • Natural history of the scuttle fly, Megaselia scalaris.
    Annu. Rev. Entomol. (IF 11.796) Pub Date : 2007-07-12
    R H L Disney

    The larvae of Megaselia scalaris (Diptera: Phoridae) exploit a broad spectrum of larval pabula. Consequently, the species features in a range of situations that affect the resources or well-being of humans. Furthermore, M. scalaris is readily cultured in the laboratory and is therefore favored as an experimental species for genetic, developmental, and bioassay studies. However, the extensive but widely

    更新日期:2019-11-01
  • When workers disunite: intraspecific parasitism by eusocial bees.
    Annu. Rev. Entomol. (IF 11.796) Pub Date : 2007-06-30
    Madeleine Beekman,Benjamin P Oldroyd

    One of the most obvious characteristics of an insect society is reproductive cooperation. Yet insect colonies are vulnerable to reproductive parasitism, both by workers from their own colony and by workers from others. Little is known about the mechanisms insect societies have evolved to protect themselves from being exploited from within and outside the colony and the mechanisms that social parasites

    更新日期:2019-11-01
  • Threads and serendipity in the life and research of an entomologist.
    Annu. Rev. Entomol. (IF 11.796) Pub Date : 2007-06-23
    Geoffrey G E Scudder

    This article presents an account of the development of Geoffrey Scudder's interest in entomology, with an emphasis on threads and serendipity. Early interests in Hemiptera, insect dispersal, evolution, and chemical ecology were followed by research on insect genitalia and seed bug systematics while at Oxford University. A faculty appointment in Canada led to research on water boatmen, water striders

    更新日期:2019-11-01
  • Cockroach allergen biology and mitigation in the indoor environment.
    Annu. Rev. Entomol. (IF 11.796) Pub Date : 2006-12-14
    J Chad Gore,Coby Schal

    For nearly a half century, cockroaches have been recognized as a major cause of asthma morbidity in the urban, inner-city environment. Several cockroach-produced allergens have been identified and characterized, and a few have been produced as recombinant proteins. Recent research has moved beyond clinical, patient-based investigations to a more entomological perspective that addresses the production

    更新日期:2019-11-01
  • Current status of the Myriapod class diplopoda (millipedes): taxonomic diversity and phylogeny.
    Annu. Rev. Entomol. (IF 11.796) Pub Date : 2006-12-14
    Petra Sierwald,Jason E Bond

    The arthropod class Diplopoda, the millipedes, ranks among the most diverse groups of terrestrial organisms, with over 12,000 species described. Although they play an important ecological role in most terrestrial ecosystems, little is known about the group's diversity, morphology, and phylogeny compared with other arthropod groups. We review diplopod natural history and discuss the historical and current

    更新日期:2019-11-01
  • Biology and evolution of adelgidae.
    Annu. Rev. Entomol. (IF 11.796) Pub Date : 2006-12-14
    Nathan P Havill,Robert G Foottit

    The Adelgidae form a small clade of insects within the Aphidoidea (Hemiptera) that includes some of the most destructive introduced pest species threatening North American forest ecosystems. Despite their importance, little is known about their evolutionary history and their taxonomy remains unresolved. Adelgids are cyclically parthenogenetic and exhibit multigeneration complex life cycles. They can

    更新日期:2019-11-01
  • Interactions between mosquito larvae and species that share the same trophic level.
    Annu. Rev. Entomol. (IF 11.796) Pub Date : 2006-09-19
    Leon Blaustein,Jonathan M Chase

    Ecological theory predicts, and empirical research shows, that species sharing the same trophic level as a target species (hereafter controphic species) can have large direct and indirect effects on the target species by sharing resources and/or by serving as alternative prey to predators. Yet, the roles of controphic species of mosquito larvae in affecting mosquito populations have received little

    更新日期:2019-11-01
  • Insect/mammal associations: effects of Cuterebrid bot fly parasites on their hosts.
    Annu. Rev. Entomol. (IF 11.796) Pub Date : 2006-09-16
    Frank Slansky

    The effect of parasites on their hosts has implications for basic and applied ecology (e.g., species' population dynamics and distributions, biological control, and threats to at-risk species) and coevolution. Cuterebrid bot flies comprise one of the most-studied groups of insect parasites of mammals. Interest in their impact dates from at least 1857, when Cuterebra emasculator was so named because

    更新日期:2019-11-01
  • Nectar and pollen feeding by insect herbivores and implications for multitrophic interactions.
    Annu. Rev. Entomol. (IF 11.796) Pub Date : 2006-09-16
    Felix L Wäckers,Jörg Romeis,Paul van Rijn

    Among herbivorous insects with a complete metamorphosis the larval and adult stages usually differ considerably in their nutritional requirements and food ecology. Often, feeding on plant structural tissue is restricted to the larval stage, whereas the adult stage feeds primarily or exclusively on plant-provided food supplements such as nectar and pollen. Research on herbivore nutritional ecology has

    更新日期:2019-11-01
  • The role of allatostatins in juvenile hormone synthesis in insects and crustaceans.
    Annu. Rev. Entomol. (IF 11.796) Pub Date : 2006-09-14
    Barbara Stay,Stephen S Tobe

    Allatostatins are pleiotropic neuropeptides for which one function in insects is the inhibition of juvenile hormone synthesis. Juvenile hormone, an important regulator of development and reproduction in insects, is produced by the corpora allata. Mandibular organs, the crustacean homologs of insect corpora allata, produce precursors of juvenile hormone with putatively similar functions. Three types

    更新日期:2019-11-01
  • The use of push-pull strategies in integrated pest management.
    Annu. Rev. Entomol. (IF 11.796) Pub Date : 2006-09-14
    Samantha M Cook,Zeyaur R Khan,John A Pickett

    Push-pull strategies involve the behavioral manipulation of insect pests and their natural enemies via the integration of stimuli that act to make the protected resource unattractive or unsuitable to the pests (push) while luring them toward an attractive source (pull) from where the pests are subsequently removed. The push and pull components are generally nontoxic. Therefore, the strategies are usually

    更新日期:2019-11-01
  • Insect conservation: a synthetic management approach.
    Annu. Rev. Entomol. (IF 11.796) Pub Date : 2006-09-14
    Michael J Samways

    Threats to insect diversity range from habitat loss and invasive alien organisms to environmental contamination and biological control. Many of the threats are synergistic, with the joint impact of habitat loss and global climate change being highly adversely synergistic. Recent research on insect conservation has elucidated some basic principles for conservation management. There are six basic principles

    更新日期:2019-11-01
  • Biology of the bed bugs (Cimicidae).
    Annu. Rev. Entomol. (IF 11.796) Pub Date : 2006-09-14
    Klaus Reinhardt,Michael T Siva-Jothy

    The cimicids, or bed bugs, belong to a highly specialized hematophagous taxon that parasitizes primarily humans, birds, and bats. Their best-known member is the bed bug, Cimex lectularius. This group demonstrates some bizarre but evolutionarily important biology. All members of the family Cimicidae show traumatic insemination and a suite of female adaptations to this male trait. Cimicids therefore

    更新日期:2019-11-01
  • Group decision making in nest-site selection among social insects.
    Annu. Rev. Entomol. (IF 11.796) Pub Date : 2006-09-14
    P Kirk Visscher

    The choice of a new nest site is ecologically critical for an insect colony. In swarm-founding social insects, or those that move as colonies from one site to another, this choice is one of the best-available examples of a distributed, nonhierarchical decision-making process in animals. In the few species of ants and bees that have been studied in detail, the main features of this collective decision

    更新日期:2019-11-01
  • Biodiversity informatics.
    Annu. Rev. Entomol. (IF 11.796) Pub Date : 2006-09-08
    Norman F Johnson

    Biodiversity informatics is an emerging field that applies information management tools to the management and analysis of species-occurrence, taxonomic character, and image data. A wide and growing range of tools is available for both curators and researchers. The development and implementation of formal data exchange standards and query protocols have made it possible to integrate data holdings from

    更新日期:2019-11-01
  • Molecular mechanisms of metabolic resistance to synthetic and natural xenobiotics.
    Annu. Rev. Entomol. (IF 11.796) Pub Date : 2006-08-24
    Xianchun Li,Mary A Schuler,May R Berenbaum

    Xenobiotic resistance in insects has evolved predominantly by increasing the metabolic capability of detoxificative systems and/or reducing xenobiotic target site sensitivity. In contrast to the limited range of nucleotide changes that lead to target site insensitivity, many molecular mechanisms lead to enhancements in xenobiotic metabolism. The genomic changes that lead to amplification, overexpression

    更新日期:2019-11-01
  • Keys and the crisis in taxonomy: extinction or reinvention?
    Annu. Rev. Entomol. (IF 11.796) Pub Date : 2006-08-18
    David Evans Walter,Shaun Winterton

    Dichotomous keys that follow a single pathway of character state choices to an end point have been the primary tools for the identification of unknown organisms for more than two centuries. However, a revolution in computer diagnostics is now under way that may result in the replacement of traditional keys by matrix-based computer interactive keys that have many paths to a correct identification and

    更新日期:2019-11-01
  • Yellow fever: a disease that has yet to be conquered.
    Annu. Rev. Entomol. (IF 11.796) Pub Date : 2006-08-18
    Alan D T Barrett,Stephen Higgs

    Yellow fever virus (YFV) is the prototype member of the genus Flavivirus, a group of viruses that are transmitted between vertebrates by arthropod vectors. The virus is found in tropical regions of Africa and South America and is transmitted to primates by mosquitoes: Aedes spp. in Africa and Haemagogus and Sabethes spp. in South America. Despite the availability of an effective vaccine, yellow fever

    更新日期:2019-11-01
  • Gene regulation by chromatin structure: paradigms established in Drosophila melanogaster.
    Annu. Rev. Entomol. (IF 11.796) Pub Date : 2006-08-03
    Sandra R Schulze,Lori L Wallrath

    Studies in Drosophila melanogaster have revealed paradigms for regulating gene expression through chromatin structure, including mechanisms of gene activation and silencing. Regulation occurs at the level of individual genes, chromosomal domains, and entire chromosomes. The chromatin state is dynamic, allowing for changes in gene expression in response to cellular signals and/or environmental cues

    更新日期:2019-11-01
  • Evolutionary biology of centipedes (Myriapoda: Chilopoda).
    Annu. Rev. Entomol. (IF 11.796) Pub Date : 2006-07-29
    Gregory D Edgecombe,Gonzalo Giribet

    New insights into the anatomy, systematics, and biogeography of centipedes have put these predatory terrestrial arthropods at the forefront of evolutionary studies. Centipedes have also played a pivotal role in understanding high-level arthropod relationships. Their deep evolutionary history, with a fossil record spanning 420 million years, explains their current worldwide distribution. Recent analyses

    更新日期:2019-11-01
  • Changing paradigms in insect social evolution: insights from halictine and allodapine bees.
    Annu. Rev. Entomol. (IF 11.796) Pub Date : 2006-07-27
    Michael P Schwarz,Miriam H Richards,Bryan N Danforth

    Until the 1980s theories of social insect evolution drew strongly on halictine and allodapine bees. However, that early work suffered from a lack of sound phylogenetic inference and detailed information on social behavior in many critical taxa. Recent studies have changed our understanding of these bee groups in profound ways. It has become apparent that forms of social organization, caste determination

    更新日期:2019-11-01
  • Arthropod pest management in organic crops.
    Annu. Rev. Entomol. (IF 11.796) Pub Date : 2006-07-19
    Geoff Zehnder,Geoff M Gurr,Stefan Kühne,Mark R Wade,Steve D Wratten,Eric Wyss

    Burgeoning consumer interest in organically produced foods has made organic farming one of the fastest growing segments of agriculture. This growth has not been supported adequately by rigorous research to address challenges such as arthropod pest management. The research that has been conducted, however, is complemented by research in aspects of conventional agriculture that may have applicability

    更新日期:2019-11-01
  • Impact of extreme temperatures on parasitoids in a climate change perspective.
    Annu. Rev. Entomol. (IF 11.796) Pub Date : 2006-07-19
    Thierry Hance,Joan van Baaren,Philippe Vernon,Guy Boivin

    Parasitoids depend on a series of adaptations to the ecology and physiology of their hosts and host plants for survival and are thus likely highly susceptible to changes in environmental conditions. We analyze the effects of global warming and extreme temperatures on the life-history traits of parasitoids and interactions with their hosts. Adaptations of parasitoids to low temperatures are similar

    更新日期:2019-11-01
  • Phenology of forest caterpillars and their host trees: the importance of synchrony.
    Annu. Rev. Entomol. (IF 11.796) Pub Date : 2006-07-18
    Margriet van Asch,Marcel E Visser

    For many leaf-feeding herbivores, synchrony in phenology with their host plant is crucial as development outside a narrow phenological time window has severe fitness consequences. In this review, we link mechanisms, adaptation, and population dynamics within a single conceptual framework, needed for a full understanding of the causes and consequences of this synchrony. The physiological mechanisms

    更新日期:2019-11-01
  • The sublethal effects of pesticides on beneficial arthropods.
    Annu. Rev. Entomol. (IF 11.796) Pub Date : 2006-07-18
    Nicolas Desneux,Axel Decourtye,Jean-Marie Delpuech

    Traditionally, measurement of the acute toxicity of pesticides to beneficial arthropods has relied largely on the determination of an acute median lethal dose or concentration. However, the estimated lethal dose during acute toxicity tests may only be a partial measure of the deleterious effects. In addition to direct mortality induced by pesticides, their sublethal effects on arthropod physiology

    更新日期:2019-11-01
  • The professional development of an entomologist.
    Annu. Rev. Entomol. (IF 11.796) Pub Date : 2006-06-30
    Charles D Michener

    An account of the development of biological interest, and specifically interest in bees, by Charles D. Michener. Included topics are the role of graduate students and the relationship between behavioral studies and systematics. Sections are (a) upbringing, including initiation of biological interests, (b) early studies of bees, (c) student work at the University of California, Berkeley, (d) work at

    更新日期:2019-11-01
  • Plant-mediated interactions between pathogenic microorganisms and herbivorous arthropods.
    Annu. Rev. Entomol. (IF 11.796) Pub Date : 2005-12-08
    Michael J Stout,Jennifer S Thaler,Bart P H J Thomma

    Plant-mediated interactions between pathogenic microorganisms and arthropod herbivores occur when arthropod infestation or pathogen infection changes the shared host plant in ways that affect a subsequent attacker of the opposite type. Interest in such "tripartite" interactions has increased as the ecological and plant physiological framework for understanding and contextualizing them has developed

    更新日期:2019-11-01
  • Defecation behavior and ecology of insects.
    Annu. Rev. Entomol. (IF 11.796) Pub Date : 2005-12-08
    Martha R Weiss

    Whereas foraging has been a major focus of ecological and entomological research, its obligate partner, defecation, has been comparatively neglected. Insects exhibit a range of intriguing behavioral and morphological adaptations related to waste disposal in a range of contexts, including predator-prey interactions, hygiene, habitat location, reproduction, feeding, and shelter construction. Some insects

    更新日期:2019-11-01
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