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  • Insect Declines in the Anthropocene.
    Annu. Rev. Entomol. (IF 13.796) Pub Date : 2020-01-10
    David L Wagner

    Insect declines are being reported worldwide for flying, ground, and aquatic lineages. Most reports come from western and northern Europe, where the insect fauna is well-studied and there are considerable demographic data for many taxonomically disparate lineages. Additional cases of faunal losses have been noted from Asia, North America, the Arctic, the Neotropics, and elsewhere. While this review

    更新日期:2020-04-21
  • Ecology and Evolution of Insect-Fungus Mutualisms.
    Annu. Rev. Entomol. (IF 13.796) Pub Date : 2020-01-10
    Peter H W Biedermann,Fernando E Vega

    The evolution of a mutualism requires reciprocal interactions whereby one species provides a service that the other species cannot perform or performs less efficiently. Services exchanged in insect-fungus mutualisms include nutrition, protection, and dispersal. In ectosymbioses, which are the focus of this review, fungi can be consumed by insects or can degrade plant polymers or defensive compounds

    更新日期:2020-04-21
  • Pesticide-Induced Planthopper Population Resurgence in Rice Cropping Systems.
    Annu. Rev. Entomol. (IF 13.796) Pub Date : 2020-01-10
    Jincai Wu,Linquan Ge,Fang Liu,Qisheng Song,David Stanley

    Planthoppers are serious rice pests in Asia. Their population resurgence was first reported in the early 1960s, caused mainly by insecticides that indiscriminately killed beneficial arthropods and target pests. The subsequent resurgence involved two mechanisms, the loss of beneficial insects and insecticide-enhanced planthopper reproduction. In this review, we identify two forms of resurgence, acute

    更新日期:2020-04-21
  • Non-Bee Insects as Visitors and Pollinators of Crops: Biology, Ecology, and Management.
    Annu. Rev. Entomol. (IF 13.796) Pub Date : 2020-01-10
    R Rader,S A Cunningham,B G Howlett,D W Inouye

    Insects other than bees (i.e., non-bees) have been acknowledged as important crop pollinators, but our understanding of which crop plants they visit and how effective they are as crop pollinators is limited. To compare visitation and efficiency of crop-pollinating bees and non-bees at a global scale, we review the literature published from 1950 to 2018 concerning the visitors and pollinators of 105

    更新日期:2020-04-21
  • Dormancy, Diapause, and the Role of the Circadian System in Insect Photoperiodism.
    Annu. Rev. Entomol. (IF 13.796) Pub Date : 2020-01-10
    David S Saunders

    Whole-animal experiments devised to investigate possible association between photoperiodic time measurement and the circadian system (Bünning's hypothesis) are compared with more recent molecular investigations of circadian clock genes. In Sarcophaga argyrostoma and some other species, experimental cycles of light and darkness revealed a photoperiodic oscillator, set to constant phase at dusk and measuring

    更新日期:2020-04-21
  • Ecology of Francisella tularensis.
    Annu. Rev. Entomol. (IF 13.796) Pub Date : 2020-01-10
    Sam R Telford,Heidi K Goethert

    Tularemia is a Holarctic zoonosis caused by the gamma proteobacterium Francisella tularensis and is considered to be a vector-borne disease. In many regions, human risk is associated with the bites of flies, mosquitoes, or ticks. But the biology of the agent is such that risk may be fomite related, and large outbreaks can occur due to inhalation or ingestion of contaminated materials. Such well-documented

    更新日期:2020-04-21
  • Resistance to the Fumigant Phosphine and Its Management in Insect Pests of Stored Products: A Global Perspective.
    Annu. Rev. Entomol. (IF 13.796) Pub Date : 2020-01-10
    Manoj K Nayak,Gregory J Daglish,Thomas W Phillips,Paul R Ebert

    Development of resistance in major grain insect pest species to the key fumigant phosphine (hydrogen phosphide) across the globe has put the viability and sustainability of phosphine in jeopardy. The resistance problem has been aggravated over the past two decades, due mostly to the lack of suitable alternatives matching the major attributes of phosphine, including its low price, ease of application

    更新日期:2020-04-21
  • Chikungunya Virus: Role of Vectors in Emergence from Enzootic Cycles.
    Annu. Rev. Entomol. (IF 13.796) Pub Date : 2020-01-10
    Scott C Weaver,Rubing Chen,Mawlouth Diallo

    Chikungunya virus (CHIKV), a re-emerging mosquito-borne arbovirus, has caused millions of cases of severe, often chronic arthralgia during recent outbreaks. In Africa, circulation in sylvatic, enzootic cycles involves several species of arboreal mosquito vectors that transmit among diverse nonhuman primates and possibly other amplifying hosts. Most disease occurs when CHIKV emerges into a human-amplified

    更新日期:2020-04-21
  • Mechanisms, Applications, and Challenges of Insect RNA Interference.
    Annu. Rev. Entomol. (IF 13.796) Pub Date : 2020-01-10
    Kun Yan Zhu,Subba Reddy Palli

    The RNA interference (RNAi) triggered by short/small interfering RNA (siRNA) was discovered in nematodes and found to function in most living organisms. RNAi has been widely used as a research tool to study gene functions and has shown great potential for the development of novel pest management strategies. RNAi is highly efficient and systemic in coleopterans but highly variable or inefficient in

    更新日期:2020-04-21
  • Insect-Resistant Genetically Engineered Crops in China: Development, Application, and Prospects for Use.
    Annu. Rev. Entomol. (IF 13.796) Pub Date : 2020-01-10
    Yunhe Li,Eric M Hallerman,Kongming Wu,Yufa Peng

    With 20% of the world's population but just 7% of the arable land, China has invested heavily in crop biotechnology to increase agricultural productivity. We examine research on insect-resistant genetically engineered (IRGE) crops in China, including strategies to promote their sustainable use. IRGE cotton, rice, and corn lines have been developed and proven efficacious for controlling lepidopteran

    更新日期:2020-04-21
  • Insect Sterol Nutrition: Physiological Mechanisms, Ecology, and Applications.
    Annu. Rev. Entomol. (IF 13.796) Pub Date : 2020-01-10
    Xiangfeng Jing,Spencer T Behmer

    Insects, like all eukaryotes, require sterols for structural and metabolic purposes. However, insects, like all arthropods, cannot make sterols. Cholesterol is the dominant tissue sterol for most insects; insect herbivores produce cholesterol by metabolizing phytosterols, but not always with high efficiency. Many insects grow on a mixed-sterol diet, but this ability varies depending on the types and

    更新日期:2020-04-21
  • Botanical Insecticides in the Twenty-First Century-Fulfilling Their Promise?
    Annu. Rev. Entomol. (IF 13.796) Pub Date : 2020-01-10
    Murray B Isman

    Academic interest in plant natural products with insecticidal properties has continued to grow in the past 20 years, while commercialization of new botanical insecticides and market expansion of existing botanicals has lagged considerably behind. Insecticides based on pyrethrum and neem (azadirachtin) continue to be standard bearers in this class of pesticides, but globally, their increased presence

    更新日期:2020-04-21
  • Global Trends in Bumble Bee Health.
    Annu. Rev. Entomol. (IF 13.796) Pub Date : 2020-01-10
    Sydney A Cameron,Ben M Sadd

    Bumble bees (Bombus) are unusually important pollinators, with approximately 260 wild species native to all biogeographic regions except sub-Saharan Africa, Australia, and New Zealand. As they are vitally important in natural ecosystems and to agricultural food production globally, the increase in reports of declining distribution and abundance over the past decade has led to an explosion of interest

    更新日期:2020-04-21
  • The Global Expansion of Dengue: How Aedes aegypti Mosquitoes Enabled the First Pandemic Arbovirus.
    Annu. Rev. Entomol. (IF 13.796) Pub Date : 2020-01-10
    Oliver J Brady,Simon I Hay

    Dengue is an emerging viral disease principally transmitted by the Aedes (Stegomyia) aegypti mosquito. It is one of the fastest-growing global infectious diseases, with 100-400 million new infections a year, and is now entrenched in a growing number of tropical megacities. Behind this rapid rise is the simple adaptation of Ae. aegypti to a new entomological niche carved out by human habitation. This

    更新日期:2020-04-21
  • Microbial Symbionts of Parasitoids.
    Annu. Rev. Entomol. (IF 13.796) Pub Date : 2020-01-10
    Marcel Dicke,Antonino Cusumano,Erik H Poelman

    Parasitoids depend on other insects for the development of their offspring. Their eggs are laid in or on a host insect that is consumed during juvenile development. Parasitoids harbor a diversity of microbial symbionts including viruses, bacteria, and fungi. In contrast to symbionts of herbivorous and hematophagous insects, parasitoid symbionts do not provide nutrients. Instead, they are involved in

    更新日期:2020-04-21
  • Versatile and Dynamic Symbioses Between Insects and Burkholderia Bacteria.
    Annu. Rev. Entomol. (IF 13.796) Pub Date : 2020-01-10
    Martin Kaltenpoth,Laura V Flórez

    Symbiotic associations with microorganisms represent major sources of ecological and evolutionary innovations in insects. Multiple insect taxa engage in symbioses with bacteria of the genus Burkholderia, a diverse group that is widespread across different environments and whose members can be mutualistic or pathogenic to plants, fungi, and animals. Burkholderia symbionts provide nutritional benefits

    更新日期:2020-04-21
  • The Insect Circulatory System: Structure, Function, and Evolution.
    Annu. Rev. Entomol. (IF 13.796) Pub Date : 2020-01-10
    Julián F Hillyer,Günther Pass

    Although the insect circulatory system is involved in a multitude of vital physiological processes, it has gone grossly understudied. This review highlights this critical physiological system by detailing the structure and function of the circulatory organs, including the dorsal heart and the accessory pulsatile organs that supply hemolymph to the appendages. It also emphasizes how the circulatory

    更新日期:2020-04-21
  • Ecology of Terrestrial Arthropods in Freshwater Wetlands.
    Annu. Rev. Entomol. (IF 13.796) Pub Date : 2020-01-10
    Darold P Batzer,Haitao Wu

    The terrestrial arthropod fauna of wetlands has been largely ignored by scientists compared to other ecological elements, yet these organisms are among the most important influences on the ecology of these systems, with the vast majority of the biodiversity in wetlands found among the terrestrial arthropods. Wetlands present a range of habitat for terrestrial arthropods, with unique faunas being associated

    更新日期:2020-04-21
  • Balancing Disturbance and Conservation in Agroecosystems to Improve Biological Control.
    Annu. Rev. Entomol. (IF 13.796) Pub Date : 2020-01-10
    John F Tooker,Matthew E O'Neal,Cesar Rodriguez-Saona

    Disturbances associated with agricultural intensification reduce our ability to achieve sustainable crop production. These disturbances stem from crop-management tactics and can leave crop fields more vulnerable to insect outbreaks, in part because natural-enemy communities often tend to be more susceptible to disturbance than herbivorous pests. Recent research has explored practices that conserve

    更新日期:2020-04-21
  • Sexual Size Dimorphism: Evolution and Perils of Extreme Phenotypes in Spiders.
    Annu. Rev. Entomol. (IF 13.796) Pub Date : 2020-01-10
    Matjaž Kuntner,Jonathan A Coddington

    Sexual size dimorphism is one of the most striking animal traits, and among terrestrial animals, it is most extreme in certain spider lineages. The most extreme sexual size dimorphism (eSSD) is female biased. eSSD itself is probably an epiphenomenon of gendered evolutionary drivers whose strengths and directions are diverse. We demonstrate that eSSD spider clades are aberrant by sampling randomly across

    更新日期:2020-04-21
  • Influence of Nesting Characteristics on Health of Wild Bee Communities.
    Annu. Rev. Entomol. (IF 13.796) Pub Date : 2020-01-10
    Alexandra Harmon-Threatt

    Nest site availability and quality are important for maintaining robust populations and communities of wild bees. However, for most species, nesting traits and nest site conditions are poorly known, limiting both our understanding of basic ecology for bee species and conservation efforts. Additionally, many of the threats commonly associated with reducing bee populations have effects that can extend

    更新日期:2020-04-21
  • Invasion Biology, Ecology, and Management of Western Flower Thrips.
    Annu. Rev. Entomol. (IF 13.796) Pub Date : 2020-01-10
    Stuart R Reitz,Yulin Gao,William D J Kirk,Mark S Hoddle,Kirsten A Leiss,Joe E Funderburk

    Western flower thrips, Frankliniella occidentalis, first arose as an important invasive pest of many crops during the 1970s-1980s. The tremendous growth in international agricultural trade that developed then fostered the invasiveness of western flower thrips. We examine current knowledge regarding the biology of western flower thrips, with an emphasis on characteristics that contribute to its invasiveness

    更新日期:2020-04-21
  • A Life's Journey Through Insect Metamorphosis.
    Annu. Rev. Entomol. (IF 13.796) Pub Date : 2020-01-10
    Lynn M Riddiford

    This autobiographical article describes the research career of Lynn M. Riddiford from its early beginnings in a summer program for high school students at Jackson Laboratory to the present "retirement" at the Friday Harbor Laboratories. The emphasis is on her forays into many areas of insect endocrinology, supported by her graduate students and postdoctoral associates. The main theme is the hormonal

    更新日期:2020-04-21
  • Preface.
    Annu. Rev. Entomol. (IF 13.796) Pub Date : 2020-01-07
    John Trumble

    更新日期:2020-01-07
  • Preface.
    Annu. Rev. Entomol. (IF 13.796) Pub Date : 2019-01-11
    Angela E Douglas

    更新日期:2019-11-01
  • Preface: Valedictory from a Gadfly Grammarian.
    Annu. Rev. Entomol. (IF 13.796) Pub Date : 2018-01-13
    May R Berenbaum

    更新日期:2019-11-01
  • Introduction.
    Annu. Rev. Entomol. (IF 13.796) Pub Date : 2017-02-02
    Subba Reddy Palli

    更新日期:2019-11-01
  • Foreword.
    Annu. Rev. Entomol. (IF 13.796) Pub Date : 2016-03-18
    Myron Zalucki

    更新日期:2019-11-01
  • Introduction.
    Annu. Rev. Entomol. (IF 13.796) Pub Date : 2015-02-26
    Rensen Zeng

    更新日期:2019-11-01
  • 更新日期:2019-11-01
  • Entomological reactions to Darwin's theory in the nineteenth century.
    Annu. Rev. Entomol. (IF 13.796) Pub Date : 2007-12-11
    Gene Kritsky

    Charles Darwin first became interested in entomology during his childhood, and this interest grew into a beetle-collecting obsession during his college days. Following the voyage of the Beagle, his focus on insects shifted from collecting specimens to searching for insect observations that supported his theory of natural selection as proposed in On the Origin of Species. Initially, Darwin believed

    更新日期:2019-11-01
  • Serotonin modulation of moth central olfactory neurons.
    Annu. Rev. Entomol. (IF 13.796) Pub Date : 2007-12-11
    Peter Kloppenburg,Alison R Mercer

    In the tobacco hornworm, Manduca sexta, 5-hydroxytryptamine (5HT) acting at the level of the antennal lobes contributes significantly to changing the moth's responsiveness to olfactory stimuli. 5HT targets K(+) conductances in the cells, increasing the excitability of central olfactory neurons and their responsiveness to olfactory cues. Effects of 5HT modulation are apparent not only at the single

    更新日期:2019-11-01
  • Primer pheromones in social hymenoptera.
    Annu. Rev. Entomol. (IF 13.796) Pub Date : 2007-09-20
    Yves Le Conte,Abraham Hefetz

    Social insect are profoundly influenced by primer pheromones (PPhs), which are efficient means for maintaining social harmony in the colony. PPhs act by affecting the physiology of the recipients with a subsequent shift in their behavior, and many PPhs have a releaser effect (i.e., changing the probability of performing a certain behavior upon perception). In this review we try to clarify the interplay

    更新日期:2019-11-01
  • Prevention of tick-borne diseases.
    Annu. Rev. Entomol. (IF 13.796) Pub Date : 2007-09-20
    Joseph Piesman,Lars Eisen

    Tick-borne diseases are on the rise. Lyme borreliosis is prevalent throughout the Northern Hemisphere, and the same Ixodes tick species transmitting the etiologic agents of this disease also serve as vectors of pathogens causing human babesiosis, human granulocytic anaplasmosis, and tick-borne encephalitis. Recently, several novel agents of rickettsial diseases have been described. Despite an explosion

    更新日期:2019-11-01
  • Population ecology of insect invasions and their management.
    Annu. Rev. Entomol. (IF 13.796) Pub Date : 2007-09-20
    Andrew M Liebhold,Patrick C Tobin

    During the establishment phase of a biological invasion, population dynamics are strongly influenced by Allee effects and stochastic dynamics, both of which may lead to extinction of low-density populations. Allee effects refer to a decline in population growth rate with a decline in abundance and can arise from various mechanisms. Strategies to eradicate newly established populations should focus

    更新日期:2019-11-01
  • Fruit fly (Diptera: Tephritidae) host status determination: critical conceptual, methodological, and regulatory considerations.
    Annu. Rev. Entomol. (IF 13.796) Pub Date : 2007-09-20
    Martín Aluja,Robert L Mangan

    Although fruit fly host status determination/designation lies at the heart of strategic decisions on national and international trade of fruit and vegetables, all attempts thus far to define host plant status have been contentious and as a result long-standing disputes between commercial partners throughout the world have lingered over decades. Part of the problem is that too little effort has been

    更新日期:2019-11-01
  • Plant-mediated interactions between whiteflies, herbivores, and natural enemies.
    Annu. Rev. Entomol. (IF 13.796) Pub Date : 2007-09-20
    Moshe Inbar,Dan Gerling

    Whiteflies (Homoptera: Aleyrodidae) comprise tiny phloem-sucking insects. The sessile development of their immatures and their phloem-feeding habits (with minimal physical plant damage) often lead to plant-mediated interactions with other organisms. The main data come from the polyphagous pest species Bemisia tabaci (Gennadius) and Trialeurodes vaporariorum (Westwood), which are intricately associated

    更新日期:2019-11-01
  • Resource acquisition, allocation, and utilization in parasitoid reproductive strategies.
    Annu. Rev. Entomol. (IF 13.796) Pub Date : 2007-09-20
    Mark A Jervis,Jacintha Ellers,Jeffrey A Harvey

    Parasitoids display remarkable inter- and intraspecific variation in their reproductive and associated traits. Adaptive explanations have been proposed for many of the between-trait relationships. We present an overview of the current knowledge of parasitoid reproductive biology, focusing on egg production strategies in females, by placing parasitoid reproduction within physiological and ecological

    更新日期:2019-11-01
  • Flash signal evolution, mate choice, and predation in fireflies.
    Annu. Rev. Entomol. (IF 13.796) Pub Date : 2007-09-20
    Sara M Lewis,Christopher K Cratsley

    Many key advances in our understanding of firefly biology and signaling have been made over the past two decades. Here we review this recent research, which includes new phylogenetic results that shed light on the evolution of courtship signal diversity within the family Lampyridae, new insights into firefly flash control, and the discovery of firefly nuptial gifts. We present a comprehensive overview

    更新日期:2019-11-01
  • Codling moth management and chemical ecology.
    Annu. Rev. Entomol. (IF 13.796) Pub Date : 2007-09-20
    Peter Witzgall,Lukasz Stelinski,Larry Gut,Don Thomson

    Lepidopteran insects use sex pheromones to communicate for mating. Olfactory communication and mate-finding can be prevented by permeating the atmosphere with synthetic pheromone. Pheromone-mediated mating disruption has become a commercially viable pest management technique and is used to control the codling moth, Cydia pomonella, a key insect pest of apple, on 160,000 ha worldwide. The codling moth

    更新日期:2019-11-01
  • Medical aspects of spider bites.
    Annu. Rev. Entomol. (IF 13.796) Pub Date : 2007-09-20
    Richard S Vetter,Geoffrey K Isbister

    Spiders have been incriminated as causes of human suffering for centuries, but few species worldwide cause medically significant envenomation. Widow spiders (Latrodectus spp.) occur worldwide and cause latrodectism, which is characterized by pain (local and generalized) associated with nonspecific systemic effects, diaphoresis, and less commonly other autonomic and neurological effects. Recluse spiders

    更新日期:2019-11-01
  • The Argentine ant: challenges in managing an invasive unicolonial pest.
    Annu. Rev. Entomol. (IF 13.796) Pub Date : 2007-09-20
    Jules Silverman,Robert John Brightwell

    The Argentine ant, Linepithema humile, has invaded urban, agricultural, and natural habitats worldwide, causing economic damage and disrupting ecosystem processes. Introduced populations of L. humile and those of many other invasive ants tend to be unicolonial, forming expansive, multiqueened supercolonies that dominate native ant communities and challenge control practices in managed habitats. Argentine

    更新日期:2019-11-01
  • Ancient rapid radiations of insects: challenges for phylogenetic analysis.
    Annu. Rev. Entomol. (IF 13.796) Pub Date : 2007-09-20
    James B Whitfield,Karl M Kjer

    Phylogenies of major groups of insects based on both morphological and molecular data have sometimes been contentious, often lacking the data to distinguish between alternative views of relationships. This paucity of data is often due to real biological and historical causes, such as shortness of time spans between divergences for evolution to occur and long time spans after divergences for subsequent

    更新日期:2019-11-01
  • Evolutionary biology of insect learning.
    Annu. Rev. Entomol. (IF 13.796) Pub Date : 2007-09-07
    Reuven Dukas

    Learning and memory, defined as the acquisition and retention of neuronal representations of new information, are ubiquitous among insects. Recent research indicates that a variety of insects rely extensively on learning for all major life activities including feeding, predator avoidance, aggression, social interactions, and sexual behavior. There is good evidence that individuals within an insect

    更新日期:2019-11-01
  • Dengue virus-mosquito interactions.
    Annu. Rev. Entomol. (IF 13.796) Pub Date : 2007-09-07
    Scott B Halstead

    The mosquito Aedes aegypti is more widely dispersed now than at any time in the past, placing billions of humans at risk of infection with one or more of the four dengue viruses. This review presents and discusses information on mosquito-dengue infection dynamics and describes the prominent role that temperature and rainfall play in controlling dengue viral transmission including discussions of the

    更新日期:2019-11-01
  • Roles and effects of environmental carbon dioxide in insect life.
    Annu. Rev. Entomol. (IF 13.796) Pub Date : 2007-09-07
    Pablo G Guerenstein,John G Hildebrand

    Carbon dioxide (CO(2)) is a ubiquitous sensory cue that plays multiple roles in insect behavior. In recent years understanding of the well-known role of CO(2) in foraging by hematophagous insects (e.g., mosquitoes) has grown, and research on the roles of CO(2) cues in the foraging and oviposition behavior of phytophagous insects and in behavior of social insects has stimulated interest in this area

    更新日期:2019-11-01
  • Decline and conservation of bumble bees.
    Annu. Rev. Entomol. (IF 13.796) Pub Date : 2007-09-07
    D Goulson,G C Lye,B Darvill

    Declines in bumble bee species in the past 60 years are well documented in Europe, where they are driven primarily by habitat loss and declines in floral abundance and diversity resulting from agricultural intensification. Impacts of habitat degradation and fragmentation are likely to be compounded by the social nature of bumble bees and their largely monogamous breeding system, which renders their

    更新日期:2019-11-01
  • Diversity and evolution of the insect ventral nerve cord.
    Annu. Rev. Entomol. (IF 13.796) Pub Date : 2007-09-07
    Jeremy E Niven,Christopher M Graham,Malcolm Burrows

    Is the remarkable diversity in the behavior of insects reflected in the organization of their nervous systems? The ventral nerve cords (VNCs) have been described from over 300 insect species covering all the major orders. Interpreting these data in the context of phylogenetic relationships reveals remarkable diversity. The presumed ancestral VNC structure is rarely observed; instead the VNCs of most

    更新日期:2019-11-01
  • Microbial control of insect pests in temperate orchard systems: potential for incorporation into IPM.
    Annu. Rev. Entomol. (IF 13.796) Pub Date : 2007-09-07
    Lawrence A Lacey,David I Shapiro-Ilan

    Because of their selectivity and safety, microbial control agents (MCAs) appear to be ready-made components of integrated pest management (IPM) systems that do not pose a threat to applicators or the environment and allow other natural enemies to function. Control of several orchard pest insects using MCAs, including viruses, Bacillus thuringiensis, fungi, and entomopathogenic nematodes (EPNs), have

    更新日期:2019-11-01
  • Sex determination in the hymenoptera.
    Annu. Rev. Entomol. (IF 13.796) Pub Date : 2007-09-07
    George E Heimpel,Jetske G de Boer

    The dominant and ancestral mode of sex determination in the Hymenoptera is arrhenotokous parthenogenesis, in which diploid females develop from fertilized eggs and haploid males develop from unfertilized eggs. We discuss recent progress in the understanding of the genetic and cytoplasmic mechanisms that make arrhenotoky possible. The best-understood mode of sex determination in the Hymenoptera is complementary

    更新日期:2019-11-01
  • Application of DNA-based methods in forensic entomology.
    Annu. Rev. Entomol. (IF 13.796) Pub Date : 2007-08-10
    Jeffrey D Wells,Jamie R Stevens

    A forensic entomological investigation can benefit from a variety of widely practiced molecular genotyping methods. The most commonly used is DNA-based specimen identification. Other applications include the identification of insect gut contents and the characterization of the population genetic structure of a forensically important insect species. The proper application of these procedures demands

    更新日期:2019-11-01
  • Sexual conflict over nuptial gifts in insects.
    Annu. Rev. Entomol. (IF 13.796) Pub Date : 2007-08-08
    Darryl T Gwynne

    Edible and seminal gifts that male arthropods transfer to their mates range from important material donations to items that provide little direct benefit. Recent reviews and research have emphasized the negative effect of gifts on female fitness, suggesting that male donations reduce the female's remating rate below her optimum or even that nuptial feeding is a net detriment to her fitness. However

    更新日期:2019-11-01
  • A global perspective on the epidemiology of West Nile virus.
    Annu. Rev. Entomol. (IF 13.796) Pub Date : 2007-07-25
    Laura D Kramer,Linda M Styer,Gregory D Ebel

    West Nile virus (WNV) (Flavivirus: Flaviviridae) is the most widespread arbovirus in the world. A significant range expansion occurred beginning in 1999 when the virus was introduced into New York City. This review highlights recent research into WNV epizootiology and epidemiology, including recent advances in understanding of the host-virus interaction at the molecular, organismal, and ecological

    更新日期:2019-11-01
  • Natural history of the scuttle fly, Megaselia scalaris.
    Annu. Rev. Entomol. (IF 13.796) Pub Date : 2007-07-12
    R H L Disney

    The larvae of Megaselia scalaris (Diptera: Phoridae) exploit a broad spectrum of larval pabula. Consequently, the species features in a range of situations that affect the resources or well-being of humans. Furthermore, M. scalaris is readily cultured in the laboratory and is therefore favored as an experimental species for genetic, developmental, and bioassay studies. However, the extensive but widely

    更新日期:2019-11-01
  • When workers disunite: intraspecific parasitism by eusocial bees.
    Annu. Rev. Entomol. (IF 13.796) Pub Date : 2007-06-30
    Madeleine Beekman,Benjamin P Oldroyd

    One of the most obvious characteristics of an insect society is reproductive cooperation. Yet insect colonies are vulnerable to reproductive parasitism, both by workers from their own colony and by workers from others. Little is known about the mechanisms insect societies have evolved to protect themselves from being exploited from within and outside the colony and the mechanisms that social parasites

    更新日期:2019-11-01
  • Threads and serendipity in the life and research of an entomologist.
    Annu. Rev. Entomol. (IF 13.796) Pub Date : 2007-06-23
    Geoffrey G E Scudder

    This article presents an account of the development of Geoffrey Scudder's interest in entomology, with an emphasis on threads and serendipity. Early interests in Hemiptera, insect dispersal, evolution, and chemical ecology were followed by research on insect genitalia and seed bug systematics while at Oxford University. A faculty appointment in Canada led to research on water boatmen, water striders

    更新日期:2019-11-01
  • Cockroach allergen biology and mitigation in the indoor environment.
    Annu. Rev. Entomol. (IF 13.796) Pub Date : 2006-12-14
    J Chad Gore,Coby Schal

    For nearly a half century, cockroaches have been recognized as a major cause of asthma morbidity in the urban, inner-city environment. Several cockroach-produced allergens have been identified and characterized, and a few have been produced as recombinant proteins. Recent research has moved beyond clinical, patient-based investigations to a more entomological perspective that addresses the production

    更新日期:2019-11-01
  • Current status of the Myriapod class diplopoda (millipedes): taxonomic diversity and phylogeny.
    Annu. Rev. Entomol. (IF 13.796) Pub Date : 2006-12-14
    Petra Sierwald,Jason E Bond

    The arthropod class Diplopoda, the millipedes, ranks among the most diverse groups of terrestrial organisms, with over 12,000 species described. Although they play an important ecological role in most terrestrial ecosystems, little is known about the group's diversity, morphology, and phylogeny compared with other arthropod groups. We review diplopod natural history and discuss the historical and current

    更新日期:2019-11-01
  • Biology and evolution of adelgidae.
    Annu. Rev. Entomol. (IF 13.796) Pub Date : 2006-12-14
    Nathan P Havill,Robert G Foottit

    The Adelgidae form a small clade of insects within the Aphidoidea (Hemiptera) that includes some of the most destructive introduced pest species threatening North American forest ecosystems. Despite their importance, little is known about their evolutionary history and their taxonomy remains unresolved. Adelgids are cyclically parthenogenetic and exhibit multigeneration complex life cycles. They can

    更新日期:2019-11-01
  • Interactions between mosquito larvae and species that share the same trophic level.
    Annu. Rev. Entomol. (IF 13.796) Pub Date : 2006-09-19
    Leon Blaustein,Jonathan M Chase

    Ecological theory predicts, and empirical research shows, that species sharing the same trophic level as a target species (hereafter controphic species) can have large direct and indirect effects on the target species by sharing resources and/or by serving as alternative prey to predators. Yet, the roles of controphic species of mosquito larvae in affecting mosquito populations have received little

    更新日期:2019-11-01
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