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  • The Effect of Bereavement on Cognitive Functioning among Elderly People: Evidence from Australia1
    Econ. Hum. Biol. (IF 1.876) Pub Date : 2020-10-20
    Kadir Atalay; Anita Staneva

    This paper explores the effects of experiencing the death of a spouse, relative or close friend on cognitive functioning of Australian elderly. Using rich longitudinal data, we show that experiencing a loss is associated with a modest decline in cognitive function. Our results show that on average the effects are more pronounced for males and the strongest effects are associated with the loss of the

    更新日期:2020-10-20
  • Refugee camps – A lasting legacy? Evidence on long-term health impact
    Econ. Hum. Biol. (IF 1.876) Pub Date : 2020-10-02
    Olive Nsababera

    This paper examines the long-term impact of refugee camps on the health of local residents in Tanzania. Taking height-for-age z-score (HAZ) as a proxy for health, the paper exploits the fact that different birth cohorts were exposed to different stages of the camps’ lifecycle. Temporal variation through birth cohorts is combined with geographic variation in a difference-in-difference estimation approach

    更新日期:2020-10-17
  • The Influence of Household Refrigerator Ownership on Diets in Vietnam
    Econ. Hum. Biol. (IF 1.876) Pub Date : 2020-10-15
    Brent R. Heard; Huong Trinh Thi; Dharani Dhar Burra; Martin C. Heller; Shelie A. Miller; Thanh Thi Duong; Michel Simioni; Andrew D. Jones

    Refrigerator ownership accompanies socio-economic development, with the potential to change human diets. Household refrigerator ownership in Vietnam has increased from 13% to 59% between 2004-2014. This study estimates changes in food consumption and diet linkages with household refrigerator ownership in Vietnam, while controlling for socioeconomic variables. We use a two-step instrumental variable

    更新日期:2020-10-16
  • Can shorter mothers have taller children? Nutritional mobility, health equity and the intergenerational transmission of relative height
    Econ. Hum. Biol. (IF 1.876) Pub Date : 2020-09-30
    Amelia B. Finaret; William A. Masters

    This study develops the concept of nutritional mobility, defined here as the probability that a mother ranked low in her cohort’s height distribution will have a child who attains a higher rank order. We demonstrate that rank-order regression provides a robust metric of health equity, revealing differences in opportunities for each child to reach their own growth potential. We estimate four indicators

    更新日期:2020-10-15
  • Gender-Role Ideology and Height Preference in Mate Selection
    Econ. Hum. Biol. (IF 1.876) Pub Date : 2020-10-13
    Tao Hung-Lin

    This study used Taiwan’s Panel Study of Family Dynamics (PSFD) 2016 data to investigate the relationship between gender-role ideology and height preference in mate selection, finding that women prefer a tall partner much more than men prefer a short partner. However, when traditional gender norms prevail, men with a high levels of adherence to gender-role ideology cannot accept a female partner who

    更新日期:2020-10-13
  • The value of COVID-19 tests in Latin America
    Econ. Hum. Biol. (IF 1.876) Pub Date : 2020-10-12
    Jennifer M. Trudeau; Jessica Planas; William F. Vásquez

    Testing is a crucial strategy to control the spread of a pandemic. Voluntary participation in this strategy will depend on individual preferences towards and willingness-to-pay (WTP) for test results. We distributed a web-based, contingent valuation survey to social-media users in 16 Latin American countries to evaluate regional attitudes towards the emerging COVID-19 outbreak and WTP for COVID-19

    更新日期:2020-10-12
  • Diabetes, employment and behavioural risk factors in China: Marginal structural models versus fixed effects models
    Econ. Hum. Biol. (IF 1.876) Pub Date : 2020-09-15
    Till Seuring; Pieter Serneels; Marc Suhrcke; Max Bachmann

    We use longitudinal data from the China Health and Nutrition Survey, covering the years 1997–2011, to estimate the effect of a diabetes diagnosis on an economic outcome (employment probabilities) and behavioural risk factors (alcohol consumption, smoking cessation, body mass index (BMI), physical activity and hypertension) for men and women. We apply two complementary statistical techniques—marginal

    更新日期:2020-10-08
  • The New school food standards and nutrition of school children: Direct and Indirect Effect Analysis
    Econ. Hum. Biol. (IF 1.876) Pub Date : 2020-07-29
    Pourya Valizadeh; Shu Wen Ng

    The Healthy, Hunger-Free Kids Act (HHFKA) of 2010 made sweeping changes to school nutritional standards. We estimate the impacts of shifts in school nutritional standards on dietary quality as well as dietary quantity of children’s food intakes from school and away-from-school food sources. We find the average effect of consuming school food, rather than away-from-school food, on children’s overall

    更新日期:2020-09-28
  • Recreational marijuana laws and junk food consumption
    Econ. Hum. Biol. (IF 1.876) Pub Date : 2020-09-01
    Michele Baggio; Alberto Chong

    We use retail scanner data on purchases of high calorie food to study the causal relationship between recreational marijuana laws (RMLs) and consumption of high calorie food. To do this we exploit differences in the timing of introduction of recreational marijuana laws among states and find that they are complements. Specifically, in counties located in RML states monthly sales of high calorie food

    更新日期:2020-09-28
  • Biomarkers, disability and health care demand
    Econ. Hum. Biol. (IF 1.876) Pub Date : 2020-09-28
    Apostolos Davillas; Stephen Pudney

    Using longitudinal data from a representative UK panel, we focus on a group of apparently healthy individuals with no history of disability or major chronic health condition at baseline. A latent variable structural equation model is used to analyse the predictive role of latent baseline biological health, indicated by a rich set of biomarkers, and other personal characteristics, in determining the

    更新日期:2020-09-28
  • Publicly provided healthcare and migration.
    Econ. Hum. Biol. (IF 1.876) Pub Date : 2020-09-15
    Clotilde Mahé

    Publicly provided healthcare has received growing attention. Debates have been fuelled by evidence on improved health and reduced poverty, and concerns over adverse labour market effects; concerns that are, to date, only supported by mixed empirical findings. This article examines whether publicly provided healthcare influences the decision to migrate. The spatial and temporal variation in the expansion

    更新日期:2020-09-20
  • Impacts of boarding on primary school students' mental health outcomes - Instrumental-Variable evidence from rural northwestern China.
    Econ. Hum. Biol. (IF 1.876) Pub Date : 2020-08-14
    Qihui Chen,Yu Chen,Qiran Zhao

    This paper estimates the impacts of boarding on primary school students’ health outcomes, using data on 7606 students from rural areas of two northwestern provinces (Qinghai and Ningxia) of China. Exogenous variations in students’ home-to-school distance are exploited to address potential endogeneity in their boarding status. Instrumental variable estimates suggest that while boarding has little impact

    更新日期:2020-09-10
  • Going beyond the mean in examining relationships of adolescent non-cognitive skills with health-related quality of life and biomarkers in later-life.
    Econ. Hum. Biol. (IF 1.876) Pub Date : 2020-09-02
    Rose Atkins,Alex James Turner,Tarani Chandola,Matt Sutton

    Several studies have established associations between early-life non-cognitive skills and later-life health and health behaviours. However, no study addresses the more important policy concern about how this relationship varies along the health distribution. We use unconditional quantile regression to analyse the effects of adolescent non-cognitive skills across the distributions of the health-related

    更新日期:2020-09-10
  • Armed conflict and birth weight.
    Econ. Hum. Biol. (IF 1.876) Pub Date : 2020-08-10
    Kien Le,My Nguyen

    This paper investigates the hidden yet persistent cost of conflict to birth weight outcomes for 53 developing countries experiencing conflict in the past three decades (1990–2018). Exploiting the variation across districts and conception months-years, we find that intrauterine exposure to armed conflict in the first trimester of pregnancy reduces child's weight at birth by 2.8% and raises the incidence

    更新日期:2020-08-24
  • Is the intergenerational transmission of overweight 'gender assortative'?
    Econ. Hum. Biol. (IF 1.876) Pub Date : 2020-07-10
    Joan Costa-Font,Mireia Jofre-Bonet

    Using almost two decades worth of data from the Health Survey for England, that contain representative records of clinically measured weight and height, this paper studies whether parents and children’s overweight (including obesity) is ‘gender assortative’. Our findings suggest that the intergenerational transmission of parent’s overweight differs by children’s sex and is statistically different for

    更新日期:2020-08-18
  • Impact of a sweetened beverage tax on beverage prices in Seattle, WA.
    Econ. Hum. Biol. (IF 1.876) Pub Date : 2020-07-23
    Jessica C Jones-Smith,Lina Pinero Walkinshaw,Vanessa M Oddo,Melissa Knox,Marian L Neuhouser,Philip M Hurvitz,Brian E Saelens,Nadine Chan

    Seattle’s Sweetened Beverage Tax is an excise tax of 1.75 cents per ounce on sugar-sweetened beverages and is one of the highest beverage taxes in the U.S. This study examined the impact of Seattle’s tax on the prices of beverages. We conducted audits of 407 retail food stores and eating places (quick service restaurants and coffee shops) before and 6 months after the tax was implemented in Seattle

    更新日期:2020-08-14
  • Maternal education and infant health gradient: New answers to old questions.
    Econ. Hum. Biol. (IF 1.876) Pub Date : 2020-06-18
    Vinish Shrestha

    By using data from the National Vital Statistics System, this study provides an in-depth investigation of the well-documented mother's education– infant health gradient. The study allows for differential relationship between mother's education and infant health outcomes across localities based on income status by using birthweight and low birthweight as health measures. The results show that mother's

    更新日期:2020-08-04
  • Political violence, adverse shocks and child malnutrition: Empirical evidence from Andhra Pradesh, India.
    Econ. Hum. Biol. (IF 1.876) Pub Date : 2020-06-29
    Jean-Pierre Tranchant,Patricia Justino,Cathérine Müller

    We analyze the combined effect of political violence and adverse climatic and health shocks on child nutrition using longitudinal data from Andhra Pradesh, India. The paper shows three key results using two-stage least square (2SLS) models: (i) the presence of political violence reduces the mean height-for-age z-scores of children by between 0.4 and 0.9 standard deviations and reduces the mean weight-for-age

    更新日期:2020-07-28
  • Socioeconomic inequalities in obesity in Brazil.
    Econ. Hum. Biol. (IF 1.876) Pub Date : 2020-07-12
    Lívia Madeira Triaca,Anderson Moreira Aristides Dos Santos,Cesar Augusto Oviedo Tejada

    The aim of this work was to analyze the socioeconomic inequality in overweight and obesity for the Brazilian adult population and to determine the factors that contribute the most to the observed inequality. Data from the 2013 National Health Survey (Pesquisa Nacional de Saúde - PNS) were used and the inequality was calculated using the concentration index, which was decomposed to analyze the contribution

    更新日期:2020-07-26
  • When children have children: The effects of child marriages and teenage pregnancies on early childhood mortality in Bangladesh.
    Econ. Hum. Biol. (IF 1.876) Pub Date : 2020-07-13
    Sofia K Trommlerová

    This paper examines the adverse effects of adolescent childbearing on early childhood mortality in Bangladesh in mother-fixed-effects regressions using individual mortality outcomes of 300,000 children. Children born to young mothers (child brides in Bangladesh) suffer from higher mortality in the first year of life than their siblings born later. The survival chances of children born to mothers aged

    更新日期:2020-07-17
  • The effect of working hours on health.
    Econ. Hum. Biol. (IF 1.876) Pub Date : 2020-07-02
    Inés Berniell,Jan Bietenbeck

    Does working time affect workers’ health behavior and health? We study this question in the context of a French reform that reduced the standard workweek from 39 to 35 hours, at constant earnings. Our empirical analysis exploits arguably exogenous variation in the reduction of working time across employers due to the reform. We find that the shorter workweek reduced smoking by six percentage points

    更新日期:2020-07-14
  • Blessed are the first: The long-term effect of birth order on trust.
    Econ. Hum. Biol. (IF 1.876) Pub Date : 2020-07-08
    Pierluigi Conzo,Roberto Zotti

    Acknowledging childhood as a crucial period for the formation of social preferences, we investigate whether the order of birth predicts trust in adult life. We find that laterborns trust on average 5% less than their older siblings, independently from personality traits, family ties, risk aversion and parental inputs. Family random- and fixed-effects estimates suggest that the variation in trust is

    更新日期:2020-07-14
  • Is owning your home good for your health? Evidence from exogenous variations in subsidies in England.
    Econ. Hum. Biol. (IF 1.876) Pub Date : 2020-07-03
    Luke A Munford,Eleonora Fichera,Matt Sutton

    Home ownership is an important component of wealth and may affect health through a range of mechanisms. Using macro- and micro-level data from 2000 to 2008, we seek to estimate the causal effect of home ownership on health by exploiting the Right to Buy policy, which encouraged long-term tenants of publicly rented housing to buy their home at a large discount. At the macro-level we find that a 10 percentage-point

    更新日期:2020-07-13
  • Price impact of taxes on sugary drinks in Brazil.
    Econ. Hum. Biol. (IF 1.876) Pub Date : 2020-06-26
    Paula Pereda,Carolina Policarpo Garcia

    Sugary drink consumption is an important contributor to the current global epidemic of obesity. In recent years, 50 countries or jurisdictions have implemented taxes on sugary drinks as an instrument to discourage consumption. Against the tide, Brazil reduced taxes on these beverages in 2017 and 2018. However, a recent debate – raised by the federal government – has started over taxation of sugary

    更新日期:2020-07-03
  • Tobacco taxes and illicit cigarette trade in Colombia.
    Econ. Hum. Biol. (IF 1.876) Pub Date : 2020-06-28
    Juan M Gallego,Blanca Llorente,Norman Maldonado,Susana Otálvaro-Ramírez,Paul Rodríguez-Lesmes

    This paper estimates the short-term impact of a twofold increase of the tobacco excise tax on consumption of illicit cigarette trade in Colombia. Using data collected before and after the tax increase from a novel smoker survey (DEICS-Col), the impact is estimated as the change in the probability that a smoker has illicit cigarettes. The methodology follows a difference-in-differences strategy, measuring

    更新日期:2020-07-02
  • Distributional Effects of Recent Health Insurance Expansions on Weight-Related Outcomes.
    Econ. Hum. Biol. (IF 1.876) Pub Date : 2020-04-28
    Melissa McInerney,Mark K Meiselbach

    We provide new evidence that weight-related outcomes improved for the severely obese following three recent health insurance expansions. Using Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFSS) data from 2001 through 2016, we examine the effects of Massachusetts health care reform, the Affordable Care Act (ACA) dependent coverage mandate, and the ACA Medicaid expansion on Body Mass Index (BMI) and

    更新日期:2020-07-01
  • Parenthood and smoking.
    Econ. Hum. Biol. (IF 1.876) Pub Date : 2020-04-25
    Katja Görlitz,Marcus Tamm

    Parents’ smoking is harmful to infants’ health. While it is well established that the fraction of mothers smoking during pregnancy is non-negligible, it is an open question of how many parents actually quit smoking to account for the adverse health effects accruing to their offspring. It is also unknown for how long smoking is reduced after first childbirth. This paper investigates these questions

    更新日期:2020-06-27
  • Parents labor supply and childhood obesity: Evidence from Scotland.
    Econ. Hum. Biol. (IF 1.876) Pub Date : 2020-06-18
    Stefani Milovanska-Farrington

    More than one third of children worldwide are overweight or obese. This epidemic proportion makes obesity the most common chronic disease among children with short and long-term adverse effects on both affected children and society. This research examines the effect of the extensive and intensive margins of parental employment on children’s body mass index (BMI) z-score and likelihood of belonging

    更新日期:2020-06-27
  • The impact of BMI on mental health: Further evidence from genetic markers.
    Econ. Hum. Biol. (IF 1.876) Pub Date : 2020-06-13
    Vikesh Amin,Carlos A Flores,Alfonso Flores-Lagunes

    We estimate the effect of BMI on mental health for young adults and elderly individuals using data from the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health and the Health & Retirement Study. To tackle confounding due to unobserved factors, we exploit variation in a polygenic score (PGS) for BMI within two related econometric methods that differ in the assumptions they employ. First, we use the BMI

    更新日期:2020-06-27
  • The interaction between personality and health policy: Empirical evidence from the UK smoking bans.
    Econ. Hum. Biol. (IF 1.876) Pub Date : 2020-06-17
    Cecily Josten,Grace Lordan

    We investigate whether responses to the UK public places smoking ban depend on personality. Drawing on individual level panel data from the British Household Panel Survey (BHPS) we exploit variation in the timing and location of these bans to establish their overall effect on smoking outcomes, and how this differs by personality. We measure personality using the Big Five personality traits. We are

    更新日期:2020-06-17
  • BMI mobility and obesity transitions among children in Ireland.
    Econ. Hum. Biol. (IF 1.876) Pub Date : 2020-05-30
    David Madden

    This paper examines mobility and changes in Body Mass Index (BMI) for a sample of Irish children/adolescents across three waves of the longitudinal Growing Up in Ireland dataset. Particular attention is paid to transitions across the key BMI thresholds of overweight and obesity. Analysis is carried out by gender and by maternal education. In general, mobility is observed, with intra-generational rank-rank

    更新日期:2020-05-30
  • The effect of retirement on biomedical and behavioral risk factors for cardiovascular and metabolic disease.
    Econ. Hum. Biol. (IF 1.876) Pub Date : 2020-05-29
    Sara Pedron,Werner Maier,Annette Peters,Birgit Linkohr,Christine Meisinger,Wolfgang Rathmann,Peter Eibich,Lars Schwettmann

    Retirement is a major life event potentially associated with changes in relevant risk factors for cardiovascular and metabolic conditions. This study analyzes the effect of retirement on behavioral and biomedical risk factors for chronic disease, together with subjective health parameters using Southern German epidemiological data. We used panel data from the KORA cohort study, consisting of 11,168

    更新日期:2020-05-29
  • Rainfall and child weight in Uganda.
    Econ. Hum. Biol. (IF 1.876) Pub Date : 2020-05-26
    George Omiat,Gerald Shively

    We combine data from the 2006 and 2011 Uganda Demographic and Health Surveys (UDHS) with rainfall data and two waves of the Ugandan National Household Survey (UNHS) to study patterns in child weight, as measured by weight-for-height z scores (WHZ), among 3492 rural children below age 5 in Uganda. We focus on rainfall as a nutrition driver along agriculture and disease pathways. We find a positive and

    更新日期:2020-05-26
  • Effects of a measles outbreak on vaccination uptake.
    Econ. Hum. Biol. (IF 1.876) Pub Date : 2020-05-24
    Thomas Schober

    This paper explores the effects of a measles outbreak on vaccination uptake in Austria, using administrative data with individual-level information on childhood vaccinations. I define a treatment group of children affected by the outbreak, and compare them with a control group of earlier-born children who are unaffected. Twelve months after the outbreak, the vaccination rate of the treatment group

    更新日期:2020-05-24
  • Sweet are the fruit of adversity? The impact of fathers' death on child non-cognitive outcomes in Ethiopia.
    Econ. Hum. Biol. (IF 1.876) Pub Date : 2020-05-22
    Rozana Himaz

    This article looks at the effect paternal death can have on non-cognitive outcomes at age 15 and 22 depending on whether a child lost the father in middle childhood or adolescence. The article uses the potential outcome framework to estimate results using five rounds of longitudinal survey data for Ethiopia collected between 2002 and 2016. It finds that the loss of the father in middle childhood reduces

    更新日期:2020-05-22
  • Economic development in Puerto Rico after US annexation: Anthropometric evidence.
    Econ. Hum. Biol. (IF 1.876) Pub Date : 2020-05-19
    Brian Marein

    This paper considers economic development in Puerto Rico following its annexation by the United States in 1898, a watershed moment in the history of the island and the pinnacle of American imperialism in Latin America. Drawing on data from three surveys, I show that male height in Puerto Rico increased at more than twice the average rate for Latin America and the Caribbean between 1890 and 1940. I

    更新日期:2020-05-19
  • The effect of tobacco policies on youth physical activity.
    Econ. Hum. Biol. (IF 1.876) Pub Date : 2020-05-19
    Rebecca Sen Choudhury,Karen Smith Conway

    Our research examines the effects of tobacco policies on teenagers’ physical activity. Smoking and physical activity are both strategies for weight management, and exercise may be a way to reduce some of the ill effects of smoking. These different links suggest that cigarette taxes could either increase or decrease physical activity. We explore this relationship using repeated cross-sectional 1991–2017

    更新日期:2020-05-19
  • Regional inequalities in adiposity in England: distributional analysis of the contribution of individual-level characteristics and the small area obesogenic environment.
    Econ. Hum. Biol. (IF 1.876) Pub Date : 2020-05-18
    Apostolos Davillas,Andrew M Jones

    We use nationally representative English data to examine regional variations in body mass index (BMI) and waist circumference (WC), and to explore their underlying sources. Beyond our “at the mean” analysis, Shapley decomposition combined with unconditional quantile regression analysis allow us to explore the relative contribution of small-area level proxies of the obesogenic environment as opposed

    更新日期:2020-05-18
  • Beauty perks: Physical appearance, earnings, and fringe benefits.
    Econ. Hum. Biol. (IF 1.876) Pub Date : 2020-05-17
    Maryam Dilmaghani

    While the existence of a beauty premium is documented for many labour markets, there has been no study on the association of attractiveness with fringe benefits. This is a significant limitation of the extant literature, since fringe benefits are increasingly acknowledged as an integral part of the employees’ compensation, and a main indicator of job quality. Using the Canadian General Social Survey

    更新日期:2020-05-17
  • Filling the weight gap: Estimating body weight and BMI using height, chest and upper arm circumference of Swiss conscripts in the first half of the 20th century.
    Econ. Hum. Biol. (IF 1.876) Pub Date : 2020-05-11
    Fabienne P Trüb,Jonathan Ck Wells,Frank J Rühli,Kaspar Staub,Joël Floris

    We estimate weight and BMI values based on height, chest circumference, and mid upper arm circumference measures of Swiss conscripts in the city of Zurich for each year between 1904 and 1932. Height, chest circumference, and mid upper arm circumference were measured each year from 1904 to 1951. Body weight is available from 1933 to 1951. We used prediction equations from the literature, and also developed

    更新日期:2020-05-11
  • Height, marriage, and partner characteristics for women in low- and middle-income countries.
    Econ. Hum. Biol. (IF 1.876) Pub Date : 2020-05-11
    Jason E Murasko

    In both historical and contemporary populations, taller individuals have been shown to fare better in marriage markets. Height has been positively associated with the propensity to marry, length of marriage, and the education and economic outcomes of marriage partners. These associations are most commonly identified for male samples. Studies using female samples are few in number and mixed in their

    更新日期:2020-05-11
  • Obesity and bankruptcy: Evidence from US counties.
    Econ. Hum. Biol. (IF 1.876) Pub Date : 2020-05-08
    Masanori Kuroki

    Using annual county-level data on nonbusiness bankruptcy for the period 2005–2017 and obesity for the period 2004–2016, this paper finds that higher obesity rates are associated with higher bankruptcy rates beyond what can be explained by local economic conditions and demographic characteristics, state-specific economic shocks, and county-specific time trends. The magnitude suggests that a one-percentage

    更新日期:2020-05-08
  • Is the public sweet on sugary beverages? Social desirability bias and sweetened beverage taxes.
    Econ. Hum. Biol. (IF 1.876) Pub Date : 2020-05-07
    Melissa A Knox,Vanessa M Oddo,Lina Pinero Walkinshaw,Jessica Jones-Smith

    Social desirability bias has been documented in self-reported diet as well as in voting behavior, but not in regards to sweetened beverage consumption or sweetened beverage taxes. We find evidence that respondents in a mixed-mode opinion survey exhibit social desirability bias in both reported sweetened beverage consumption and beliefs about the health and economic benefits of sweetened beverage taxes

    更新日期:2020-05-07
  • Who drinks soda pop? Economic status and adult consumption of sugar-sweetened beverages.
    Econ. Hum. Biol. (IF 1.876) Pub Date : 2020-05-05
    Jay L Zagorsky,Patricia K Smith

    We use two cohorts from the National Longitudinal Surveys (NLSY79 and NLSY97), which are large, nationally representative samples of U.S. adults, to investigate consumption of sugar-sweetened beverages (SSB) by SES, using nine surveys fielded between 2008 and 2016. Previous studies used income and education to measure SES, the NLS enables us to include wealth as well. Previous studies also used cross-sectional

    更新日期:2020-05-05
  • An analysis of the stock market reaction to the announcements of the UK Soft Drinks Industry Levy.
    Econ. Hum. Biol. (IF 1.876) Pub Date : 2020-02-17
    Cherry Law,Laura Cornelsen,Jean Adams,Tarra Penney,Harry Rutter,Martin White,Richard Smith

    On 16th March 2016, the government of the United Kingdom announced the Soft Drinks Industry Levy (SDIL), under which UK soft-drink manufacturers were to be taxed according to the volume of products with added sugar they produced or imported. We use 'event study' methodology to assess the likely financial effect of the SDIL on parts of the soft drinks industry, using stock returns of four UK-operating

    更新日期:2020-04-20
  • How children's education affects caregiving: Evidence from parent's last years of life.
    Econ. Hum. Biol. (IF 1.876) Pub Date : 2020-04-11
    Nan Jiang,Neeraj Kaushal

    Using data from the Health and Retirement Study (1994-2012), we studied the association between adult children's education and financial and caregiving support they provided to their aging parents in the last years of the parents' life. We controlled for the circumstances of parents' death, their functional limitations, whether they were in long-term care or home-care settings in the last year of their

    更新日期:2020-04-11
  • Male fertility between biology and the socioeconomic context news from the past (Alghero, 1866-1935).
    Econ. Hum. Biol. (IF 1.876) Pub Date : 2019-12-12
    M Breschi,A Fornasin,G Gonano,S Mazzoni,M Manfredini

    In the process of fertility decline, the role and participation of men have hardly been considered in the demographic literature. It has grown only as fertility was dropping dramatically in most Western countries, but very little has been done to analyze such an issue in historical populations. Based on individual-level data, the present paper aims at investigating, by means of hazard models, the role

    更新日期:2020-03-31
  • Social class-specific secular trends in height among 19-year old Polish men: 6th national surveys from 1965 till 2010.
    Econ. Hum. Biol. (IF 1.876) Pub Date : 2019-12-02
    M Lopuszanska-Dawid,H Kołodziej,A Lipowicz,A Szklarska,A Kopiczko,T Bielicki

    The results presented in this study concern the assessment of the secular trend of body height in 10 % a random national sample (N = 134,224) representing all regions of Poland in 8 homogeneous social groups over 45 years in Poland (1965-2010). Very significant political, social and economic changes in Poland occurred in the period studied. The political revolution that began in Poland at the turn

    更新日期:2020-03-31
  • Birth weight, neonatal care, and infant mortality: Evidence from macrosomic babies.
    Econ. Hum. Biol. (IF 1.876) Pub Date : 2019-11-13
    Ylenia Brilli,Brandon J Restrepo

    This study demonstrates that rule-of-thumb health treatment decision-making exists when assigning medical care to macrosomic newborns with an extremely high birth weight and estimates the short-run health return to neonatal care for infants at the high end of the birth weight distribution. Using a regression discontinuity design, we find that infants born with a birth weight above 5000 grams have a

    更新日期:2020-03-31
  • Valuing pain using the subjective well-being method.
    Econ. Hum. Biol. (IF 1.876) Pub Date : 2019-11-16
    Thorhildur Ólafsdóttir,Tinna Laufey Ásgeirsdóttir,Edward C Norton

    Chronic pain clearly lowers utility, but valuing the reduction in utility is empirically challenging. Here, we use improvements over prior applications of the subjective well-being method to estimate the implied trade-off between pain and income using four waves of the Health and Retirement Study (2008-2014), a nationally representative survey on individuals age 50 and older. We model income with a

    更新日期:2020-03-31
  • Opioid epidemics.
    Econ. Hum. Biol. (IF 1.876) Pub Date : 2019-12-26
    Holger Strulik

    In this paper, I propose an economic theory that addresses the epidemic character of opioid epidemics. I consider a community in which individuals are heterogenous with respect to the experience of chronic pain and susceptibility to addiction and live through two periods. In the first period they consider whether to treat pain with opioid pain relievers (OPRs). In the second period they consider whether

    更新日期:2020-03-31
  • Drudgery reduction, physical activity and energy requirements in rural livelihoods.
    Econ. Hum. Biol. (IF 1.876) Pub Date : 2019-12-30
    C S Srinivasan,Giacomo Zanello,Paul Nkegbe,Radhika Cherukuri,Fiorella Picchioni,Nithya Gowdru,Patrick Webb

    Low and middle-income countries in Asia and Africa have been witnessing a process of rural transformation, characterised by rising agricultural productivity, commercialisation of agriculture, improved infrastructure and access to services, over several decades. However, there is little empirical evidence on how this transformation process has affected the patterns and intensity of physical activity

    更新日期:2020-03-31
  • Obesity and hiring discrimination.
    Econ. Hum. Biol. (IF 1.876) Pub Date : 2020-01-10
    Raymundo M Campos-Vazquez,Eva Gonzalez

    We implement a correspondence audit study that uses a non-paired design to test the effect of obesity on employment discrimination in Mexico. In Mexico it is common practice to include a photograph in a resume, and job advertisements often specify personal and physical characteristics. We use both types of information to evaluate discrimination against the obese and identify its potential channels

    更新日期:2020-03-31
  • Newborn health and the business cycle: The role of birth order.
    Econ. Hum. Biol. (IF 1.876) Pub Date : 2019-12-31
    Ainoa Aparicio,Libertad González,Judit Vall Castelló

    We use 35 years of administrative data to document how newborn health varies with the business cycle in Spain. In panel regressions that include province and year fixed effects as well as province trends, we show that children have significantly better health outcomes at birth in times of high unemployment: a 10 percentage-point increase in the unemployment rate is significantly associated with about

    更新日期:2020-03-31
  • Are only children in China more likely to be obese/overweight than their counterparts with siblings?
    Econ. Hum. Biol. (IF 1.876) Pub Date : 2020-01-13
    Xu Tian,Stephan von Cramon-Taubadel

    Family planning policy in China has resulted in a large number of one-child families. According to Becker's "quantity-quality trade-off" theory there is an inverse relationship between the number of children in a family, and spending per child. We test whether this has led to significant differences in the height, weight and BMI of only-children compared with children with siblings in China using 4414

    更新日期:2020-03-31
  • The value of early physical maturity to young adult labor market outcomes.
    Econ. Hum. Biol. (IF 1.876) Pub Date : 2020-01-24
    Chanita C Holmes,Marlon R Tracey,Ariel R Belasen

    Puberty is the most important developmental milestone closely preceding a young adult's labor market decisions. Thus, we examine the variation in the timing of physical maturity during adolescence to isolate its association with employment and hourly wages for US young adults. Using the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent to Adult Health data, we find an early maturity premium of about 6% for

    更新日期:2020-03-31
  • The impact of Seattle's Sweetened Beverage Tax on beverage prices and volume sold.
    Econ. Hum. Biol. (IF 1.876) Pub Date : 2020-01-21
    Lisa M Powell,Julien Leider

    On January 1, 2018 the city of Seattle, WA, implemented a 1.75-cent per ounce (oz) Sweetened Beverage Tax (SBT) on sugar-sweetened beverages with at least 40 calories per 12 oz. This study drew on universal product code-level store scanner data and used a pre-post intervention-comparison site difference-in-differences (DID) study design to assess the impact of the SBT on taxed beverage prices in Seattle

    更新日期:2020-03-31
  • The impact of the Cook County, IL, Sweetened Beverage Tax on beverage prices.
    Econ. Hum. Biol. (IF 1.876) Pub Date : 2020-01-21
    Lisa M Powell,Julien Leider,Pierre Thomas Léger

    This study assessed the extent to which the Cook County, IL, Sweetened Beverage Tax (SBT) of one cent per ounce (oz) on sugar-sweetened and artificially sweetened beverages was passed on to consumers in the form of higher prices. We drew on universal product code-level store scanner data and used a pre-post intervention-comparison site difference-in-differences (DID) study design to estimate the impact

    更新日期:2020-03-31
  • Catch-up growth in height and cognitive function: Why definitions matter.
    Econ. Hum. Biol. (IF 1.876) Pub Date : 2020-01-23
    Daniela Casale,Chris Desmond,Linda M Richter

    There is substantial evidence that early growth retardation, indicated by stunting, is associated with poorer cognitive function among children. There are, however, contradictory findings on the extent to which subsequent 'catch-up' growth among stunted children is associated with similar 'catch-up' cognitive functioning. In this paper we show that the apparent contradictions in the literature may

    更新日期:2020-03-31
  • Younger, dissatisfied, and unhealthy - Relative age in adolescence.
    Econ. Hum. Biol. (IF 1.876) Pub Date : 2020-01-30
    L Fumarco,S Baert,F Sarracino

    We investigate whether relative age (i.e. the age gap between classmates) affects life satisfaction and health in adolescence. We analyse data on students between 10 and 17 years of age from the international survey 'Health Behaviour in School-Aged Children' and find robust evidence that a twelve-month increase in relative age (i.e. the hypothetical maximum age gap between classmates) i) increases

    更新日期:2020-03-31
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