当前期刊: EcoHealth Go to current issue    加入关注    本刊投稿指南
显示样式:        排序: IF: - GO 导出
  • Dispersal and Land Cover Contribute to Pseudorabies Virus Exposure in Invasive Wild Pigs
    Ecohealth (IF 2.153) Pub Date : 2021-01-14
    Felipe A. Hernández, Amanda N. Carr, Michael P. Milleson, Hunter R. Merrill, Michael L. Avery, Brandon M. Parker, Cortney L. Pylant, James D. Austin, Samantha M. Wisely

    We investigated the landscape epidemiology of a globally distributed mammal, the wild pig (Sus scrofa), in Florida (U.S.), where it is considered an invasive species and reservoir to pathogens that impact the health of people, domestic animals, and wildlife. Specifically, we tested the hypothesis that two commonly cited factors in disease transmission, connectivity among populations and abundant resources

  • Social Network Predicts Exposure to Respiratory Infection in a Wild Chimpanzee Group
    Ecohealth (IF 2.153) Pub Date : 2021-01-06
    Aaron A. Sandel, Julie Rushmore, Jacob D. Negrey, John C. Mitani, Daniel M. Lyons, Damien Caillaud

    Respiratory pathogens are expected to spread through social contacts, but outbreaks often occur quickly and unpredictably, making it challenging to simultaneously record social contact and disease incidence data, especially in wildlife. Thus, the role of social contacts in the spread of infectious disease is often treated as an assumption in disease simulation studies, and few studies have empirically

  • Mapping the Illegal International Ivory Trading Network to Identify Key Hubs and Smuggling Routes
    Ecohealth (IF 2.153) Pub Date : 2021-01-02
    Wenyang Huang, Huiwen Wang, Yigang Wei

    Biodiversity loss is on the list of the most challenging issues the world sustainability faces. This study aims to examine the global illegal ivory trades, identify key hub countries and map the key smuggling routes in the worldwide illegal ivory trading network. A social network analysis (SNA) and a set of network indicators are used to investigate CITES’s (Convention on International Trade in Endangered

  • Human Respiratory Syncytial Virus Detected in Mountain Gorilla Respiratory Outbreaks
    Ecohealth (IF 2.153) Pub Date : 2020-12-20
    Jonna A. K. Mazet, Brooke N. Genovese, Laurie A. Harris, Michael Cranfield, Jean Bosco Noheri, Jean Felix Kinani, Dawn Zimmerman, Methode Bahizi, Antoine Mudakikwa, Tracey Goldstein, Kirsten V. K. Gilardi

    Respiratory illness (RI) accounts for a large proportion of mortalities in mountain gorillas (Gorilla beringei beringei), and fatal outbreaks, including disease caused by human metapneumovirus (HMPV) infections, have heightened concern about the risk of human pathogen transmission to this endangered species, which is not only critically important to the biodiversity of its ecosystem but also to the

  • Foodborne Zoonoses Common in Hunted Wild Boars
    Ecohealth (IF 2.153) Pub Date : 2020-12-16
    Maria Fredriksson-Ahomaa, Laura London, Teresa Skrzypczak, Tuija Kantala, Ilona Laamanen, Mia Biström, Leena Maunula, Tuija Gadd

    The northern European wild boar population has increased during the last decade. Highest wild boar numbers in Finland have been reported in the southeastern part near the Russian border. Wild boars may be infected with several human and animal pathogens. In this study, we investigated the presence of important foodborne pathogens in wild boars hunted in 2016 in Finland using serology, PCR and culturing

  • Differences in Fungal Disease Dynamics in Co-occurring Terrestrial and Aquatic Amphibians
    Ecohealth (IF 2.153) Pub Date : 2020-11-25
    Carla M. Sette, Vance T. Vredenburg, Andrew G. Zink

    The fungal pathogen, Batrachochytrium dendrobatidis (Bd), has devastated biodiversity and ecosystem health and is implicated as a driver of mass amphibian extinctions. This 100-year study investigates which environmental factors contribute to Bd prevalence in a fully terrestrial species, and determines whether infection patterns differ between a fully terrestrial amphibian and more aquatic host species

  • Molecular Detection of Human Adenovirus and Rotavirus in Feces of White-Eared Opossums
    Ecohealth (IF 2.153) Pub Date : 2020-11-24
    Paulo Q. Menezes, Thassiane T. Silva, Fernanda B. Simas, Rodrigo K. Brauner, Paulo Bandarra, Meriane Demoliner, Ana K. A. Eisen, Paula Rodrigues, Fernando R. Spilki, Geferson Fischer, Silvia de O. Hübner

    The white-eared opossums (Didelphis albiventris) is the largest Brazilian marsupial and a great example of animal synanthropy. Considering the high potential as a carrier of viruses originating from environmental contamination, the presence of Human adenovirus (AdV) and rotavirus was investigated in the feces of rescued white-eared opossums, which were in the process of rehabilitation. The feces of

  • No Evidence of Coronaviruses or Other Potentially Zoonotic Viruses in Sunda pangolins ( Manis javanica ) Entering the Wildlife Trade via Malaysia
    Ecohealth (IF 2.153) Pub Date : 2020-11-23
    Jimmy Lee, Tom Hughes, Mei-Ho Lee, Hume Field, Jeffrine Japning Rovie-Ryan, Frankie Thomas Sitam, Symphorosa Sipangkui, Senthilvel K. S. S. Nathan, Diana Ramirez, Subbiah Vijay Kumar, Helen Lasimbang, Jonathan H. Epstein, Peter Daszak

    The legal and illegal trade in wildlife for food, medicine and other products is a globally significant threat to biodiversity that is also responsible for the emergence of pathogens that threaten human and livestock health and our global economy. Trade in wildlife likely played a role in the origin of COVID-19, and viruses closely related to SARS-CoV-2 have been identified in bats and pangolins, both

  • Cultural Values and the Coliform Bacterial Load of “ Masato ,” an Amazon Indigenous Beverage
    Ecohealth (IF 2.153) Pub Date : 2020-11-20
    Alejandra Bussalleu, Aldo Di-Liberto, Cesar Carcamo, Gabriel Carrasco-Escobar, Carol Zavaleta-Cortijo, Matthew King, Lea Berrang-Ford, Dora Maurtua, Alejandro Llanos-Cuentas

    Access to safe drinking water is limited in many isolated areas, such as the Amazon where Indigenous peoples frequently reside. Identifying safe forms of drinking water accepted by the communities could have positive health benefits for Indigenous peoples. Many Amazon Indigenous peoples traditionally prepare and consume a fermented beverage called masato, which is frequently the only form of water

  • Vulnerabilities for Exposure to Emerging Infectious Disease at Urban Settlements in Nepal
    Ecohealth (IF 2.153) Pub Date : 2020-11-18
    David Wolking, Dibesh Karmacharya, Manisha Bista, Rima Shrestha, Pranav Pandit, Ajay Sharma, Sulochana Manandhar, Bishwo Shrestha, Shailendra Bajracharya, Tarka Bhatta, Santosh Dulal, Rajesh Rajbhandari, Brett Smith, Jonna Mazet, Tracey Goldstein, Christine Johnson

    In Nepal, rapid urbanization and rural-to-urban migration especially due to internal civil conflict have catalyzed the development of temporary settlements, often along rivers on undeveloped land. This study conducted surveillance for viruses in small mammals and assessed potential risks for virus transmission to people in urban settlements along rivers in Kathmandu, Nepal. We collected samples from

  • Tracking Batrachochytrium dendrobatidis Infection Across the Globe
    Ecohealth (IF 2.153) Pub Date : 2020-11-17
    Federico Castro Monzon, Mark-Oliver Rödel, Jonathan M. Jeschke

    Infection records of Batrachochytrium dendrobatidis (Bd), a pathogen that has devastated amphibian populations worldwide, have rapidly increased since the pathogen’s discovery. Dealing with so many records makes it difficult to (a) know where, when and in which species infections have been detected, (b) understand how widespread and pervasive Bd is and (c) prioritize study and management areas. We

  • Vector-Borne Pathogens in Ectoparasites Collected from High-Elevation Pika Populations
    Ecohealth (IF 2.153) Pub Date : 2020-11-16
    R. Jory Brinkerhoff, Hilary S. Rinsland, Shingo Sato, Soichi Maruyama, Chris Ray

    The American pika, Ochotona princeps, is projected to decline throughout North America as climate change reduces its range, and pikas have already disappeared from several locations. In addition to climate, disease spillover from lower elevation mammalian species might affect pikas. We sampled pika fleas in Colorado and Montana across elevations ranging from 2896 to 3612 m and screened them for the

  • Human Interactions with Bat Populations in Bombali, Sierra Leone
    Ecohealth (IF 2.153) Pub Date : 2020-11-11
    Jason Euren, James Bangura, Aiah Gbakima, Marilyn Sinah, Sylvester Yonda, Christian E. Lange, David J. McIver, Matthew LeBreton, David Wolking, Corina Grigorescu Monagin, Brian Bird, Karen Saylors

    Human contact with bats has been epidemiologically linked to several of the most recent Ebola outbreaks, including the 2014 West Africa epidemic and the 2007 Luebo, Democratic Republic of the Congo, outbreak. While fruit bats remain the likely primary reservoir for Ebola virus (Zaire ebolavirus), recent wildlife surveillance efforts have identified a new species of ebolavirus (Bombali ebolavirus) in

  • Urban Aerobiomes are Influenced by Season, Vegetation, and Individual Site Characteristics
    Ecohealth (IF 2.153) Pub Date : 2020-11-10
    Gwynne Á. Mhuireach, Hannah Wilson, Bart R. Johnson

    Exposure to biodiverse environments such as forests can benefit human well-being, and evidence suggests exposure to high microbial diversity may improve mental and immune health. However, the factors that drive microbial community assembly are poorly understood, as is the relationship between exposure to these communities and human health. We characterized airborne bacterial communities in two disparate

  • The Ecology of Protective Behaviors: A Study in New Risk Areas for Mosquito-Borne Diseases
    Ecohealth (IF 2.153) Pub Date : 2020-11-05
    Aymery Constant, Kathy McColl, Jocelyn Raude

    During the last decade, tiger mosquitoes have rapidly colonized a large number of European countries, increasing the risk of infection with mosquito-borne diseases (MBDs), and constituting an emerging health threat in the region. The objectives of the present study were to prospectively investigate changes in Self-protective Behaviors, beliefs and attitudes regarding MBDs in Mediterranean France, and

  • Environmental Factors Influencing the Occurrence of Unhealthy Tapirs in the Southern Yucatan Peninsula
    Ecohealth (IF 2.153) Pub Date : 2020-11-01
    Jonathan Pérez Flores, Holger Weissenberger, Antonio López-Cen, Sophie Calmé

    Information about the effects of environmental degradation on the health of terrestrial forest wildlife is limited, especially for rare species. In this study, we analyse the influence of ecological factors such as landscape characteristics and seasonality on the health status of Baird’s tapirs in Calakmul, Mexico. We collected georeferenced photographic records of healthy (n = 32) and unhealthy (n = 22)

  • Telomere Length is a Susceptibility Marker for Tasmanian Devil Facial Tumor Disease
    Ecohealth (IF 2.153) Pub Date : 2020-10-30
    Lane E. Smith, Menna E. Jones, Rodrigo Hamede, Rosana Risques, Austin H. Patton, Patrick A. Carter, Andrew Storfer

    Telomeres protect chromosomes from degradation during cellular replication. In humans, it is well-documented that excessive telomere degradation is one mechanism by which cells can become cancerous. Increasing evidence from wildlife studies suggests that telomere length is positively correlated with survival and health and negatively correlated with disease infection intensity. The recently emerged

  • Serosurvey on Sheep Unravel Circulation of Rift Valley Fever Virus in Nigeria
    Ecohealth (IF 2.153) Pub Date : 2020-10-26
    A. M. Adamu, S. I. Enem, E. O. Ngbede, O. A. Owolodun, A. A. Dzikwi, O. A. Ajagbe, D. D. Datong, G. S. Bello, M. Kore, S. S. Yikawe, L. Allam, A. Y. Simon

    Rift Valley fever is an arboviral zoonoses causing severe morbidity and mortality among humans and animals in many African countries. A cross-sectional study in populations of sheep reared around the Gidan-Waya Forest Reserve located in Jema’a LGA of Kaduna State, Nigeria to determine the serological evidence of exposure to Rift Valley fever virus (RVFV) using a commercial competitive enzyme-linked

  • Is Yersinia bercovieri Surpassing Yersinia enterocolitica in Wild Boars ( Sus scrofa )?
    Ecohealth (IF 2.153) Pub Date : 2020-10-15
    Silvia Bonardi, Sylvie Brémont, Alice Vismarra, Ida Poli, Giuseppe Diegoli, Luca Bolzoni, Margherita Corradi, Stefano Gilioli, Anne Sophie Le Guern

    Yersiniosis was the fourth reported zoonosis in the European Union in 2018. As well-known, pigs are recognized important reservoirs of Yersinia enterocolitica. The study was focused on Y. enterocolitica detection in mesenteric lymph nodes and faeces of 305 wild boars, but Yersinia bercovieri was more common, being isolated from 108 animals (35.4%). Cold season (p = 1.17 × 10–5) and young age (p = 0

  • Epidemiology and Molecular Characterization of Rotavirus A in Fruit Bats in Bangladesh.
    Ecohealth (IF 2.153) Pub Date : 2020-09-02
    Ariful Islam,Mohammad Enayet Hossain,Melinda K Rostal,Jinnat Ferdous,Ausraful Islam,Rashedul Hasan,Mojnu Miah,Mustafizur Rahman,Mohammed Ziaur Rahman,Peter Daszak,Jonathan H Epstein

    Rotavirus A (RVA) is the primary cause of acute dehydrating diarrhea in human and numerous animal species. Animal-to-human interspecies transmission is one of the evolutionary mechanisms driving rotavirus strain diversity in humans. We screened fresh feces from 416 bats (201 Pteropus medius, 165 Rousettus leschenaultii and 50 Taphozous melanopogon) for RVA using rRT-PCR. We detected a prevalence of

  • Impact of Annual Bacterial Epizootics on Albatross Population on a Remote Island.
    Ecohealth (IF 2.153) Pub Date : 2020-07-23
    Audrey Jaeger,Amandine Gamble,Erwan Lagadec,Camille Lebarbenchon,Vincent Bourret,Jérémy Tornos,Christophe Barbraud,Karin Lemberger,Karine Delord,Henri Weimerskirch,Jean-Baptiste Thiebot,Thierry Boulinier,Pablo Tortosa

    The reduced species richness typical of oceanic islands provides an interesting environmental setup to examine in natura the epidemiological dynamics of infectious agents with potential implications for public health and/or conservation. On Amsterdam Island (Indian Ocean), recurrent die-offs of Indian yellow-nosed albatross (Thalassarche carteri) nestlings have been attributed to avian cholera, caused

  • Synergistic Effects of Grassland Fragmentation and Temperature on Bovine Rabies Emergence.
    Ecohealth (IF 2.153) Pub Date : 2020-07-22
    Germán Botto Nuñez,Daniel J Becker,Rick L Lawrence,Raina K Plowright

    In 2007, common vampire bats were the source of the first outbreak of paralytic bovine rabies in Uruguay. The outbreak coincided in space and time with the fragmentation of native grasslands for monospecific forestry for wood and cellulose production. Using spatial analyses, we show that the increase in grassland fragmentation, together with the minimum temperature in the winter, accounts for the spatial

  • Developing a Global One Health Workforce: The "Rx One Health Summer Institute" Approach.
    Ecohealth (IF 2.153) Pub Date : 2020-07-19
    Amanda M Berrian,Michael Wilkes,Kirsten Gilardi,Woutrina Smith,Patricia A Conrad,Paulina Zielinska Crook,James Cullor,Thierry Nyatanyi,Martin H Smith,Rudovick Kazwala,Jonna A K Mazet

    The One Health approach has gained support across a range of disciplines; however, training opportunities for professionals seeking to operationalize the interdisciplinary approach are limited. Academic institutions, through the development of high-quality, experiential training programs that focus on the application of professional competencies, can increase accessibility to One Health education.

  • Species Identity and Size are Associated with Rat Lungworm Infection in Gastropods.
    Ecohealth (IF 2.153) Pub Date : 2020-07-16
    Matthew C I Medeiros,Randi L Rollins,Ma Vida Echaluse,Robert H Cowie

    Angiostrongylus cantonensis, the rat lungworm, is an emerging zoonotic pathogen that cycles between definitive rat and intermediate gastropod hosts. Zoonotic infection occurs when humans intentionally or accidentally consume infectious larvae in a gastropod host, and may manifest as neuroangiostrongyliasis, characterized by eosinophilic meningitis, severe neurological impairment, and even death. Thus

  • Earthquake-Ridden Area in USA Contains Coccidioides, the Valley Fever Pathogen.
    Ecohealth (IF 2.153) Pub Date : 2020-07-14
    Antje Lauer,Jocelyne Lopez,Stephanie Abarca,Jasmeet Bains

    Early July 2019, two major earthquakes occurred in the Mojave Desert of California near the city of Ridgecrest and the community of Trona and generated a large dust plume that lingered for days. The earthquakes hit an area endemic for Coccidioides, a soil-borne fungal pathogen that can become airborne when soil is disturbed and typically manifests as a pulmonary disease when inhaled. This study is

  • Genetic Analysis of Chelonid Herpesvirus 5 in Marine Turtles from Baja California Peninsula.
    Ecohealth (IF 2.153) Pub Date : 2020-07-13
    Joelly Espinoza,Elsa Hernández,María Mónica Lara-Uc,Eduardo Reséndiz,Alonzo Alfaro-Núñez,Sawako Hori-Oshima,Gerardo Medina-Basulto

    The Chelonid herpesvirus 5 (ChHV5) is the primary etiological agent associated with fibropapillomatosis (FP), a neoplastic disease in marine turtles. In this study, we report for the first time ChHV5 in marine turtles and a leech from Baja California Peninsula. Eighty-seven black, olive or loggerhead turtle species, one FP tumor and five leeches were analyzed. The tumor sample from an olive, a skin

  • Occupationally Acquired Q Fever in Shepherds and Sheep Milk Cheesemakers.
    Ecohealth (IF 2.153) Pub Date : 2020-07-10
    Rita Cruz,Carla Santos,Fernando Esteves,Ana Sofia Ferreira,Carmen Vasconcelos-Nóbrega,Cristina Mega,Carlos Albuquerque,Edite Teixeira-de-Lemos,Ana Cláudia Coelho,Helena Vala,João Rodrigo Mesquita

    Q fever is a zoonosis caused by Coxiella burnetii, and transmission to humans is often associated with contact with ovine and caprine livestock. Those exposed to sheep are particularly at high risk of infection. Recent studies show that Q fever is increasing in sheep farms in Portugal raising alerts on spillover to humans. We detected anti-C. burnetii IgG in shepherds and sheep milk cheesemakers (27

  • Ecosystem Restoration: A Public Health Intervention.
    Ecohealth (IF 2.153) Pub Date : 2020-06-23
    Martin F Breed,Adam T Cross,Kiri Wallace,Keith Bradby,Emily Flies,Neva Goodwin,Menna Jones,Laura Orlando,Chris Skelly,Philip Weinstein,James Aronson

  • Catastrophic Risk: Waking Up to the Reality of a Pandemic?
    Ecohealth (IF 2.153) Pub Date : 2020-04-29
    Jamison Pike,Jason F Shogren,David Aadland,W Kip Viscusi,David Finnoff,Alexandre Skiba,Peter Daszak

    Will a major shock awaken the US citizens to the threat of catastrophic pandemic risk? Using a natural experiment administered both before and after the 2014 West African Ebola Outbreak, our evidence suggests “no.” Our results show that prior to the Ebola scare, the US citizens were relatively complacent and placed a low relative priority on public spending to prepare for a pandemic disease outbreak

  • Correction to: Zoonotic Disease Exposure Risk and Rabies Vaccination Among Wildlife Professionals.
    Ecohealth (IF 2.153) Pub Date : 2020-03-01
    Sheena Tarrant,Jessie Grewal,Hayley Yaglom,Elisabeth Lawaczeck,Heather Venkat

    The original version of the article unfortunately contained a typo error in second author name in the author group. The author name was incorrectly published as "Jesse Grewal" and the correct name is "Jessie Grewal".

  • Gender Roles and One Health Risk Factors at the Human-Livestock-Wildlife Interface, Mpumalanga Province, South Africa.
    Ecohealth (IF 2.153) Pub Date : 2020-04-13
    Allison H Coyle,Amanda M Berrian,Jacques van Rooyen,Brigitte Bagnol,Martin H Smith

    Gender sensitivity in health promotion has been widely recommended, yet attention to gender roles and gender-disaggregated studies is often lacking in disease research and public health intervention planning. In the rural Mnisi community of Mpumalanga, South Africa, where zoonotic pathogens are known to contribute to acute febrile illness, community and household tasks may increase an individual’s

  • Self-Portrait with the Spanish Flu.
    Ecohealth (IF 2.153) Pub Date : 2020-02-29
    Mark Olival-Bartley

  • Serological Survey on Bacterial and Viral Pathogens in Wild Boars Hunted in Tuscany.
    Ecohealth (IF 2.153) Pub Date : 2020-02-07
    Fabrizio Bertelloni,Maurizio Mazzei,Giovanni Cilia,Mario Forzan,Antonio Felicioli,Simona Sagona,Patrizia Bandecchi,Barbara Turchi,Domenico Cerri,Filippo Fratini

    Wild boar (Sus scrofa) is one of the large mammals most spread worldwide, including Italy. This animal is highly adaptable, and its population has rapidly increased in many areas in Europe. Central Italy, as well as Tuscany region, is an area particularly suitable for wild boar. In order to verify the role of this animal species in the epidemiology of some important infectious diseases for livestock

  • Ecological Fallacy and Aggregated Data: A Case Study of Fried Chicken Restaurants, Obesity and Lyme Disease.
    Ecohealth (IF 2.153) Pub Date : 2020-02-06
    Daniel J Salkeld,Michael F Antolin

    Interdisciplinary approaches are merited when attempting to understand the complex and idiosyncratic processes driving the spillover of pathogens from wildlife and vector species to human populations. Public health data are often available for zoonotic pathogens but can lead to erroneous conclusions if the data have been spatially or temporally aggregated. As an illustration, we use human Lyme disease

  • Eating Bushmeat Improves Food Security in a Biodiversity and Infectious Disease "Hotspot".
    Ecohealth (IF 2.153) Pub Date : 2020-02-05
    Sagan Friant,Wilfred A Ayambem,Alobi O Alobi,Nzube M Ifebueme,Oshama M Otukpa,David A Ogar,Clement B I Alawa,Tony L Goldberg,Jerry K Jacka,Jessica M Rothman

    Hunting and consumption of wild animals, colloquially known as “bushmeat,” is associated with health trade-offs. Contact with wildlife increases exposure to wildlife-origin zoonotic diseases yet bushmeat is an important nutritional resource in many rural communities. In this study, we test the hypothesis that bushmeat improves food security in communities that hunt and trade bushmeat regularly. We

  • Synergistic China-US Ecological Research is Essential for Global Emerging Infectious Disease Preparedness.
    Ecohealth (IF 2.153) Pub Date : 2020-02-03
    Tierra Smiley Evans,Zhengli Shi,Michael Boots,Wenjun Liu,Kevin J Olival,Xiangming Xiao,Sue Vandewoude,Heidi Brown,Ji-Long Chen,David J Civitello,Luis Escobar,Yrjo Grohn,Hongying Li,Karen Lips,Qiyoung Liu,Jiahai Lu,Beatriz Martínez-López,Jishu Shi,Xiaolu Shi,Biao Xu,Lihong Yuan,Guoqiang Zhu,Wayne M Getz

    The risk of a zoonotic pandemic disease threatens hundreds of millions of people. Emerging infectious diseases also threaten livestock and wildlife populations around the world and can lead to devastating economic damages. China and the USA—due to their unparalleled resources, widespread engagement in activities driving emerging infectious diseases and national as well as geopolitical imperatives to

  • Factors Contributing to Anthrax Outbreaks in the Circumpolar North.
    Ecohealth (IF 2.153) Pub Date : 2020-01-31
    Karsten Hueffer,Devin Drown,Vladimir Romanovsky,Thomas Hennessy

    A 2016 outbreak of anthrax on the Yamal Peninsula in Siberia that led to the culling of more than two hundred thousand reindeer and killed one human, resulted in significant media interests and in the reporting was often linked to thawing permafrost and ultimately climate change. Here, we review the historic context of anthrax outbreaks in the circumpolar North and explore alternative explanations

  • Zoonotic Disease Exposure Risk and Rabies Vaccination Among Wildlife Professionals.
    Ecohealth (IF 2.153) Pub Date : 2020-01-28
    Sheena Tarrant,Jesse Grewal,Hayley Yaglom,Elisabeth Lawaczeck,Heather Venkat

    More than 70% of zoonotic diseases are wildlife associated putting wildlife professionals at increased risk of occupational exposure. In 2008 and 2018, the Arizona Department of Health Services surveyed Arizona wildlife professionals from multiple agencies to assess the risk of disease exposure, rabies pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) history, personal protective equipment (PPE) use, and zoonoses knowledge

  • Seroprevalence of Echinococcus spp. and Toxocara spp. in Invasive Non-native American Mink.
    Ecohealth (IF 2.153) Pub Date : 2020-01-27
    Marta Kołodziej-Sobocińska,Emília Dvorožňáková,Zuzana Hurníková,Katarína Reiterová,Andrzej Zalewski

    Invasive non-native species can become reservoirs of zoonotic pathogens and cause their spread during colonization, increasing the risk of zoonoses transmission to both wild hosts and humans. American mink (Neovison vison) are considered an important invasive mammal species responsible for carrying endoparasites. The aim of our study was to evaluate the role of feral American mink as a possible transmission

  • Hunting Bats for Human Consumption in Bangladesh.
    Ecohealth (IF 2.153) Pub Date : 2020-01-27
    Nazmun Nahar,Mohammad Asaduzzaman,Utpal Kumar Mandal,Nadia Ali Rimi,Emily S Gurley,Mahmudur Rahman,Fernando Garcia,Susan Zimicki,Rebeca Sultana,Stephen P Luby

    Bats are important wildlife to their ecologic system, but they are also a zoonotic disease reservoir. Close bat–human interaction can lead to pathogen spillover. We conducted a qualitative study in two districts of Bangladesh and interviewed 30 bat hunters who hunt bats primarily for consumption, to understand the process and their reasons for hunting bats and their perceptions about bats and bat-borne

  • Luxury Fashion Wildlife Contraband in the USA.
    Ecohealth (IF 2.153) Pub Date : 2020-01-27
    Monique C Sosnowski,Gohar A Petrossian

    The fashion industry is one of the largest markets for illegal wildlife products. This study examined US luxury fashion-related wildlife seizures made between 2003 and 2013 to better guide detection, enforcement, and policy. The findings of this study indicate that the number of incidents has increased over the 11-year period, while the number of associated items seized has decreased over this time

  • Monkeypox Rash Severity and Animal Exposures in the Democratic Republic of the Congo
    Ecohealth (IF 2.153) Pub Date : 2019-12-24
    Reena H. Doshi, Vivian H. Alfonso, Douglas Morier, Nicole A. Hoff, Cyrus Sinai, Prime Mulembakani, Neville Kisalu, Alvan Cheng, Hayley Ashbaugh, Adva Gadoth, Brian Cowell, Emile W. Okitolonda, Jean-Jacques Muyembe-Tamfum, Anne W. Rimoin

    Experimental studies have suggested a larger inoculum of monkeypox virus may be associated with increased rash severity; however, little data are available on the relationship between specific animal exposures and rash severity in endemic regions. Using cross-sectional data from an active surveillance program conducted between 2005 and 2007 in the Sankuru Province of the Democratic Republic of the

  • Pig Exposure and Health Outcomes in Hospitalized Infectious Disease Patients in Vietnam
    Ecohealth (IF 2.153) Pub Date : 2019-12-16
    Gail Robertson, Meghan Perry, Phat Voong Vinh, Dung Tran Thi Ngoc, Tam Pham Thi Thanh, Phuc Tran My, Huong Dang Thao, Maia Rabaa, Stephen Baker, Mark Woolhouse

    Many infectious diseases have a zoonotic origin, and several have had major public health implications. Contact with animals is a known risk factor for zoonotic infections, although there are limited data on disease symptoms and pathogens associated with contact with different animal species. The rise in pig production in Southeast Asia has contributed to the emergence and re-emergence of zoonotic

  • Antibiotic Resistance of Escherichia coli from Humans and Black Rhinoceroses in Kenya
    Ecohealth (IF 2.153) Pub Date : 2019-12-07
    Kebenei C. Kipkorir, Paul O. Ang’ienda, David M. Onyango, Patrick O. Onyango

    Upsurge of antibiotic resistance in wildlife poses unprecedented threat to wildlife conservation. Surveillance of antibiotic resistance at the human–wildlife interface is therefore needed. We evaluated differences in antibiotic resistance of Escherichia coli isolates from human and the endangered black rhinoceros in Lambwe Valley, Kenya. We used standard microbiological techniques to carry out susceptibility

  • Coronaviruses Detected in Bats in Close Contact with Humans in Rwanda.
    Ecohealth (IF 2.153) Pub Date : 2019-12-06
    Julius Nziza,Tracey Goldstein,Mike Cranfield,Paul Webala,Olivier Nsengimana,Thierry Nyatanyi,Antoine Mudakikwa,Alexandre Tremeau-Bravard,Dennis Byarugaba,Jean Claude Tumushime,Ivan Emil Mwikarago,Isidore Gafarasi,Jonna Mazet,Kirsten Gilardi

    Bats living in close contact with people in Rwanda were tested for evidence of infection with viruses of zoonotic potential. Mucosal swabs from 503 bats representing 17 species were sampled from 2010 to 2014 and screened by consensus PCR for 11 viral families. Samples were negative for all viral families except coronaviruses, which were detected in 27 bats belonging to eight species. Known coronaviruses

  • Water Security in the Galápagos: Socioecological Determinants and Health Implications
    Ecohealth (IF 2.153) Pub Date : 2019-12-06
    Khristopher Nicholas, Margaret Bentley, Enrique Terán, Amanda Thompson

    Water security is strongly associated with important health outcomes and has many socioecological determinants. Several studies have documented the social determinants of water security and impacts of water security on health, independently. Yet few have examined both components in one setting. Using data from Ecuador’s nationally representative health survey (ENSANUT-ECU), we proposed a new methodological

  • Mechanisms of Hantavirus Transmission in Oligoryzomys longicaudatus.
    Ecohealth (IF 2.153) Pub Date : 2019-12-02
    Ernesto Juan,Silvana Levis,Noemí Pini,Jaime Polop,Andrea R Steinmann,María Cecilia Provensal

    The cricetid rodent Oligoryzomys longicaudatus is the species host of Andes virus (ANDV) which causes hantavirus pulmonary syndrome in southern Argentina and Chile. Population density, behavioral interactions, and spacing patterns are factors that affect viral transmission among wild rodents. We predict that the highest prevalence of hantavirus antibody positive would be found among wounded, reproductive

  • Human Activities Attract Harmful Mosquitoes in a Tropical Urban Landscape.
    Ecohealth (IF 2.153) Pub Date : 2019-11-30
    J M Lee,R J Wasserman,J Y Gan,R F Wilson,S Rahman,S H Yek

    Knowledge of the interrelationship of mosquito communities and land use changes is of paramount importance to understand the potential risk of mosquito disease transmission. This study examined the effects of land use types in urban, peri-urban and natural landscapes on mosquito community structure to test whether the urban landscape is implicated in increased prevalence of potentially harmful mosquitoes

  • Zoonotic Pathogen Seroprevalence in Cattle in a Wildlife-Livestock Interface, Kenya.
    Ecohealth (IF 2.153) Pub Date : 2019-11-14
    Daniel Nthiwa,Silvia Alonso,David Odongo,Eucharia Kenya,Bernard Bett

    A cross-sectional study was conducted to determine the seroprevalence of Brucella spp. and Leptospira spp. and risk factors of exposure in cattle in three zones with varying land use types and wildlife–livestock interactions. Five villages were selected purposively; two in areas with intensive livestock–wildlife interactions (zone 1), another two in areas with moderate livestock–wildlife interactions

  • Occupational Animal Contact in Southern and Central Vietnam.
    Ecohealth (IF 2.153) Pub Date : 2019-11-13
    Nguyen Thi Kha Tu,Ngo Tri Tue,Olli Vapalahti,Anna-Maija K Virtala,Le Van Tan,Maia A Rabaa,Juan Carrique-Mas,Guy E Thwaites,Stephen Baker,

    Despite the global zoonotic disease burden, the underlying exposures that drive zoonotic disease emergence are not understood. Here, we aimed to assess exposures to potential sources of zoonotic disease and investigate the demographics, attitudes, and behavior of individuals with sustained occupational animal contact in Vietnam. We recruited 581 animal workers (animal-raising farmers, slaughterers

  • Mercury in Populations of River Dolphins of the Amazon and Orinoco Basins.
    Ecohealth (IF 2.153) Pub Date : 2019-11-12
    F Mosquera-Guerra,F Trujillo,D Parks,M Oliveira-da-Costa,P A Van Damme,A Echeverría,N Franco,J D Carvajal-Castro,H Mantilla-Meluk,M Marmontel,D Armenteras-Pascual

    In the Amazon and Orinoco basins, mercury has been released from artisanal and industrial gold mining since the Colonial time, as well as a result of deforestation and burning of primary forest, that release natural deposits of methyl mercury, affecting the local aquatic vertebrate fauna. This study reports the presence of mercury in river dolphins’ genera Inia and Sotalia. Mercury concentrations were

  • A Case-Control Study of Environmental and Occupational Risks of Leptospirosis in Sri Lanka.
    Ecohealth (IF 2.153) Pub Date : 2019-11-09
    Marie Hellung Schønning,Matthew David Phelps,Janith Warnasekara,Suneth B Agampodi,Peter Furu

    Sri Lanka has one of the highest incidences of human leptospirosis worldwide. Outbreaks of this zoonotic infection are related to the monsoons and flooding. The study investigates risk factors associated with environmental, animal and occupational exposure while acknowledging the potential bias due to hanta viral infections in the study samples. Data were obtained from structured interviews with 483

  • Incorporating Health Outcomes into Land-Use Planning.
    Ecohealth (IF 2.153) Pub Date : 2019-11-09
    Max McClure,Catherine Machalaba,Carlos Zambrana-Torrelio,Yasha Feferholtz,Katherine D Lee,Peter Daszak,,William B Karesh

    The global trend toward increased agricultural production puts pressure on undeveloped areas, raising the question of how to optimally allocate land. Land-use change has recently been linked to a number of human health outcomes, but these are not routinely considered in land-use decision making. We review examples of planners’ currently used strategies to evaluate land use and present a conceptual

  • Detection of Leptospira spp. in Captive Broad-Snouted Caiman (Caiman latirostris).
    Ecohealth (IF 2.153) Pub Date : 2019-11-07
    Lucas Nogueira Paz,Camila Hamond,Carla Silva Dias,Vitor P Curvelo,Marco Alberto Medeiros,Arianne Pontes Oriá,Melissa Hanzen Pinna

    Leptospira sp. is an important waterborne zoonotic bacterium, known to cause infection in animals and humans worldwide. The role of reptiles in the transmission of this microorganism is poorly understood and historically neglected. This study aimed to investigate the presence of anti-Leptospira spp. antibodies and leptospiral DNA in captive Caiman latirostris (broad-snouted caiman). Of the 23 reptiles

  • Correction to: A Case-Control Study of Environmental and Occupational Risks of Leptospirosis in Sri Lanka.
    Ecohealth (IF 2.153) Pub Date : 2019-11-13
    Marie Hellung Schønning,Matthew David Phelps,Janith Warnasekara,Suneth B Agampodi,Peter Furu

    The original version of this article unfortunately contained a mistake in one of the co-author's family name. The correct name should be Janith Warnasekara instead of Janith Warnasuriya. The original article has been corrected.

  • What's New.
    Ecohealth (IF 2.153) Pub Date : 2019-11-11

  • Global Emergence of Buruli Ulcer.
    Ecohealth (IF 2.153) Pub Date : 2019-10-18
    Soushieta Jagadesh,Marine Combe,Pierre Couppié,Mathieu Nacher,Rodolphe Elie Gozlan

  • Antimicrobial Resistance and Ecology: A Dialog Yet to Begin.
    Ecohealth (IF 2.153) Pub Date : 2019-09-18
    Rita Tinoco Torres,João Carvalho,Mónica V Cunha,Carlos Fonseca

  • EcoHealth Action Over Lifetimes: Unity of Spirit, Voice, and Deeds.
    Ecohealth (IF 2.153) Pub Date : 2019-07-22
    Justin T Lawson

  • Critical Importance of a One Health Approach to Antimicrobial Resistance.
    Ecohealth (IF 2.153) Pub Date : 2019-06-28
    Allison White,James M Hughes

Contents have been reproduced by permission of the publishers.