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  • Ecosystem Restoration: A Public Health Intervention.
    Ecohealth (IF 2.153) Pub Date : 2020-06-23
    Martin F Breed,Adam T Cross,Kiri Wallace,Keith Bradby,Emily Flies,Neva Goodwin,Menna Jones,Laura Orlando,Chris Skelly,Philip Weinstein,James Aronson

  • Catastrophic Risk: Waking Up to the Reality of a Pandemic?
    Ecohealth (IF 2.153) Pub Date : 2020-04-29
    Jamison Pike,Jason F Shogren,David Aadland,W Kip Viscusi,David Finnoff,Alexandre Skiba,Peter Daszak

    Will a major shock awaken the US citizens to the threat of catastrophic pandemic risk? Using a natural experiment administered both before and after the 2014 West African Ebola Outbreak, our evidence suggests "no." Our results show that prior to the Ebola scare, the US citizens were relatively complacent and placed a low relative priority on public spending to prepare for a pandemic disease outbreak

  • Gender Roles and One Health Risk Factors at the Human–Livestock–Wildlife Interface, Mpumalanga Province, South Africa
    Ecohealth (IF 2.153) Pub Date : 2020-04-13
    Allison H. Coyle, Amanda M. Berrian, Jacques van Rooyen, Brigitte Bagnol, Martin H. Smith

    Gender sensitivity in health promotion has been widely recommended, yet attention to gender roles and gender-disaggregated studies is often lacking in disease research and public health intervention planning. In the rural Mnisi community of Mpumalanga, South Africa, where zoonotic pathogens are known to contribute to acute febrile illness, community and household tasks may increase an individual’s

  • Correction to: Zoonotic Disease Exposure Risk and Rabies Vaccination Among Wildlife Professionals.
    Ecohealth (IF 2.153) Pub Date : 2020-03-01
    Sheena Tarrant,Jessie Grewal,Hayley Yaglom,Elisabeth Lawaczeck,Heather Venkat

    The original version of the article unfortunately contained a typo error in second author name in the author group. The author name was incorrectly published as "Jesse Grewal" and the correct name is "Jessie Grewal".

  • Human Activities Attract Harmful Mosquitoes in a Tropical Urban Landscape.
    Ecohealth (IF 2.153) Pub Date : 2019-11-30
    J M Lee,R J Wasserman,J Y Gan,R F Wilson,S Rahman,S H Yek

    Knowledge of the interrelationship of mosquito communities and land use changes is of paramount importance to understand the potential risk of mosquito disease transmission. This study examined the effects of land use types in urban, peri-urban and natural landscapes on mosquito community structure to test whether the urban landscape is implicated in increased prevalence of potentially harmful mosquitoes

  • Luxury Fashion Wildlife Contraband in the USA.
    Ecohealth (IF 2.153) Pub Date : 2020-01-27
    Monique C Sosnowski,Gohar A Petrossian

    The fashion industry is one of the largest markets for illegal wildlife products. This study examined US luxury fashion-related wildlife seizures made between 2003 and 2013 to better guide detection, enforcement, and policy. The findings of this study indicate that the number of incidents has increased over the 11-year period, while the number of associated items seized has decreased over this time

  • Factors Contributing to Anthrax Outbreaks in the Circumpolar North.
    Ecohealth (IF 2.153) Pub Date : 2020-01-31
    Karsten Hueffer,Devin Drown,Vladimir Romanovsky,Thomas Hennessy

    A 2016 outbreak of anthrax on the Yamal Peninsula in Siberia that led to the culling of more than two hundred thousand reindeer and killed one human, resulted in significant media interests and in the reporting was often linked to thawing permafrost and ultimately climate change. Here, we review the historic context of anthrax outbreaks in the circumpolar North and explore alternative explanations

  • Ecological Fallacy and Aggregated Data: A Case Study of Fried Chicken Restaurants, Obesity and Lyme Disease.
    Ecohealth (IF 2.153) Pub Date : 2020-02-06
    Daniel J Salkeld,Michael F Antolin

    Interdisciplinary approaches are merited when attempting to understand the complex and idiosyncratic processes driving the spillover of pathogens from wildlife and vector species to human populations. Public health data are often available for zoonotic pathogens but can lead to erroneous conclusions if the data have been spatially or temporally aggregated. As an illustration, we use human Lyme disease

  • Pig Exposure and Health Outcomes in Hospitalized Infectious Disease Patients in Vietnam
    Ecohealth (IF 2.153) Pub Date : 2019-12-16
    Gail Robertson, Meghan Perry, Phat Voong Vinh, Dung Tran Thi Ngoc, Tam Pham Thi Thanh, Phuc Tran My, Huong Dang Thao, Maia Rabaa, Stephen Baker, Mark Woolhouse

    Many infectious diseases have a zoonotic origin, and several have had major public health implications. Contact with animals is a known risk factor for zoonotic infections, although there are limited data on disease symptoms and pathogens associated with contact with different animal species. The rise in pig production in Southeast Asia has contributed to the emergence and re-emergence of zoonotic

  • Coronaviruses Detected in Bats in Close Contact with Humans in Rwanda.
    Ecohealth (IF 2.153) Pub Date : 2019-12-06
    Julius Nziza,Tracey Goldstein,Mike Cranfield,Paul Webala,Olivier Nsengimana,Thierry Nyatanyi,Antoine Mudakikwa,Alexandre Tremeau-Bravard,Dennis Byarugaba,Jean Claude Tumushime,Ivan Emil Mwikarago,Isidore Gafarasi,Jonna Mazet,Kirsten Gilardi

    Bats living in close contact with people in Rwanda were tested for evidence of infection with viruses of zoonotic potential. Mucosal swabs from 503 bats representing 17 species were sampled from 2010 to 2014 and screened by consensus PCR for 11 viral families. Samples were negative for all viral families except coronaviruses, which were detected in 27 bats belonging to eight species. Known coronaviruses

  • Hunting Bats for Human Consumption in Bangladesh.
    Ecohealth (IF 2.153) Pub Date : 2020-01-27
    Nazmun Nahar,Mohammad Asaduzzaman,Utpal Kumar Mandal,Nadia Ali Rimi,Emily S Gurley,Mahmudur Rahman,Fernando Garcia,Susan Zimicki,Rebeca Sultana,Stephen P Luby

    Bats are important wildlife to their ecologic system, but they are also a zoonotic disease reservoir. Close bat-human interaction can lead to pathogen spillover. We conducted a qualitative study in two districts of Bangladesh and interviewed 30 bat hunters who hunt bats primarily for consumption, to understand the process and their reasons for hunting bats and their perceptions about bats and bat-borne

  • Water Security in the Galápagos: Socioecological Determinants and Health Implications
    Ecohealth (IF 2.153) Pub Date : 2019-12-06
    Khristopher Nicholas, Margaret Bentley, Enrique Terán, Amanda Thompson

    Water security is strongly associated with important health outcomes and has many socioecological determinants. Several studies have documented the social determinants of water security and impacts of water security on health, independently. Yet few have examined both components in one setting. Using data from Ecuador’s nationally representative health survey (ENSANUT-ECU), we proposed a new methodological

  • Seroprevalence of Echinococcus spp. and Toxocara spp. in Invasive Non-native American Mink.
    Ecohealth (IF 2.153) Pub Date : 2020-01-27
    Marta Kołodziej-Sobocińska,Emília Dvorožňáková,Zuzana Hurníková,Katarína Reiterová,Andrzej Zalewski

    Invasive non-native species can become reservoirs of zoonotic pathogens and cause their spread during colonization, increasing the risk of zoonoses transmission to both wild hosts and humans. American mink (Neovison vison) are considered an important invasive mammal species responsible for carrying endoparasites. The aim of our study was to evaluate the role of feral American mink as a possible transmission

  • Serological Survey on Bacterial and Viral Pathogens in Wild Boars Hunted in Tuscany.
    Ecohealth (IF 2.153) Pub Date : 2020-02-07
    Fabrizio Bertelloni,Maurizio Mazzei,Giovanni Cilia,Mario Forzan,Antonio Felicioli,Simona Sagona,Patrizia Bandecchi,Barbara Turchi,Domenico Cerri,Filippo Fratini

    Wild boar (Sus scrofa) is one of the large mammals most spread worldwide, including Italy. This animal is highly adaptable, and its population has rapidly increased in many areas in Europe. Central Italy, as well as Tuscany region, is an area particularly suitable for wild boar. In order to verify the role of this animal species in the epidemiology of some important infectious diseases for livestock

  • Eating Bushmeat Improves Food Security in a Biodiversity and Infectious Disease "Hotspot".
    Ecohealth (IF 2.153) Pub Date : 2020-02-05
    Sagan Friant,Wilfred A Ayambem,Alobi O Alobi,Nzube M Ifebueme,Oshama M Otukpa,David A Ogar,Clement B I Alawa,Tony L Goldberg,Jerry K Jacka,Jessica M Rothman

    Hunting and consumption of wild animals, colloquially known as "bushmeat," is associated with health trade-offs. Contact with wildlife increases exposure to wildlife-origin zoonotic diseases yet bushmeat is an important nutritional resource in many rural communities. In this study, we test the hypothesis that bushmeat improves food security in communities that hunt and trade bushmeat regularly. We

  • Monkeypox Rash Severity and Animal Exposures in the Democratic Republic of the Congo
    Ecohealth (IF 2.153) Pub Date : 2019-12-24
    Reena H. Doshi, Vivian H. Alfonso, Douglas Morier, Nicole A. Hoff, Cyrus Sinai, Prime Mulembakani, Neville Kisalu, Alvan Cheng, Hayley Ashbaugh, Adva Gadoth, Brian Cowell, Emile W. Okitolonda, Jean-Jacques Muyembe-Tamfum, Anne W. Rimoin

    Experimental studies have suggested a larger inoculum of monkeypox virus may be associated with increased rash severity; however, little data are available on the relationship between specific animal exposures and rash severity in endemic regions. Using cross-sectional data from an active surveillance program conducted between 2005 and 2007 in the Sankuru Province of the Democratic Republic of the

  • Antibiotic Resistance of Escherichia coli from Humans and Black Rhinoceroses in Kenya
    Ecohealth (IF 2.153) Pub Date : 2019-12-07
    Kebenei C. Kipkorir, Paul O. Ang’ienda, David M. Onyango, Patrick O. Onyango

    Upsurge of antibiotic resistance in wildlife poses unprecedented threat to wildlife conservation. Surveillance of antibiotic resistance at the human–wildlife interface is therefore needed. We evaluated differences in antibiotic resistance of Escherichia coli isolates from human and the endangered black rhinoceros in Lambwe Valley, Kenya. We used standard microbiological techniques to carry out susceptibility

  • Zoonotic Disease Exposure Risk and Rabies Vaccination Among Wildlife Professionals.
    Ecohealth (IF 2.153) Pub Date : 2020-01-28
    Sheena Tarrant,Jesse Grewal,Hayley Yaglom,Elisabeth Lawaczeck,Heather Venkat

    More than 70% of zoonotic diseases are wildlife associated putting wildlife professionals at increased risk of occupational exposure. In 2008 and 2018, the Arizona Department of Health Services surveyed Arizona wildlife professionals from multiple agencies to assess the risk of disease exposure, rabies pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) history, personal protective equipment (PPE) use, and zoonoses knowledge

  • Synergistic China-US Ecological Research is Essential for Global Emerging Infectious Disease Preparedness.
    Ecohealth (IF 2.153) Pub Date : 2020-02-03
    Tierra Smiley Evans,Zhengli Shi,Michael Boots,Wenjun Liu,Kevin J Olival,Xiangming Xiao,Sue Vandewoude,Heidi Brown,Ji-Long Chen,David J Civitello,Luis Escobar,Yrjo Grohn,Hongying Li,Karen Lips,Qiyoung Liu,Jiahai Lu,Beatriz Martínez-López,Jishu Shi,Xiaolu Shi,Biao Xu,Lihong Yuan,Guoqiang Zhu,Wayne M Getz

    The risk of a zoonotic pandemic disease threatens hundreds of millions of people. Emerging infectious diseases also threaten livestock and wildlife populations around the world and can lead to devastating economic damages. China and the USA-due to their unparalleled resources, widespread engagement in activities driving emerging infectious diseases and national as well as geopolitical imperatives to

  • Self-Portrait with the Spanish Flu.
    Ecohealth (IF 2.153) Pub Date : 2020-02-29
    Mark Olival-Bartley

  • Mechanisms of Hantavirus Transmission in Oligoryzomys longicaudatus.
    Ecohealth (IF 2.153) Pub Date : 2019-12-02
    Ernesto Juan,Silvana Levis,Noemí Pini,Jaime Polop,Andrea R Steinmann,María Cecilia Provensal

    The cricetid rodent Oligoryzomys longicaudatus is the species host of Andes virus (ANDV) which causes hantavirus pulmonary syndrome in southern Argentina and Chile. Population density, behavioral interactions, and spacing patterns are factors that affect viral transmission among wild rodents. We predict that the highest prevalence of hantavirus antibody positive would be found among wounded, reproductive

  • Zoonotic Pathogen Seroprevalence in Cattle in a Wildlife-Livestock Interface, Kenya.
    Ecohealth (IF 2.153) Pub Date : 2019-11-14
    Daniel Nthiwa,Silvia Alonso,David Odongo,Eucharia Kenya,Bernard Bett

    A cross-sectional study was conducted to determine the seroprevalence of Brucella spp. and Leptospira spp. and risk factors of exposure in cattle in three zones with varying land use types and wildlife-livestock interactions. Five villages were selected purposively; two in areas with intensive livestock-wildlife interactions (zone 1), another two in areas with moderate livestock-wildlife interactions

  • Correction to: A Case-Control Study of Environmental and Occupational Risks of Leptospirosis in Sri Lanka.
    Ecohealth (IF 2.153) Pub Date : 2019-11-13
    Marie Hellung Schønning,Matthew David Phelps,Janith Warnasekara,Suneth B Agampodi,Peter Furu

    The original version of this article unfortunately contained a mistake in one of the co-author's family name. The correct name should be Janith Warnasekara instead of Janith Warnasuriya. The original article has been corrected.

  • Occupational Animal Contact in Southern and Central Vietnam.
    Ecohealth (IF 2.153) Pub Date : 2019-11-13
    Nguyen Thi Kha Tu,Ngo Tri Tue,Olli Vapalahti,Anna-Maija K Virtala,Le Van Tan,Maia A Rabaa,Juan Carrique-Mas,Guy E Thwaites,Stephen Baker,

    Despite the global zoonotic disease burden, the underlying exposures that drive zoonotic disease emergence are not understood. Here, we aimed to assess exposures to potential sources of zoonotic disease and investigate the demographics, attitudes, and behavior of individuals with sustained occupational animal contact in Vietnam. We recruited 581 animal workers (animal-raising farmers, slaughterers

  • Mercury in Populations of River Dolphins of the Amazon and Orinoco Basins.
    Ecohealth (IF 2.153) Pub Date : 2019-11-12
    F Mosquera-Guerra,F Trujillo,D Parks,M Oliveira-da-Costa,P A Van Damme,A Echeverría,N Franco,J D Carvajal-Castro,H Mantilla-Meluk,M Marmontel,D Armenteras-Pascual

    In the Amazon and Orinoco basins, mercury has been released from artisanal and industrial gold mining since the Colonial time, as well as a result of deforestation and burning of primary forest, that release natural deposits of methyl mercury, affecting the local aquatic vertebrate fauna. This study reports the presence of mercury in river dolphins' genera Inia and Sotalia. Mercury concentrations were

  • What's New.
    Ecohealth (IF 2.153) Pub Date : 2019-11-11

  • A Case-Control Study of Environmental and Occupational Risks of Leptospirosis in Sri Lanka.
    Ecohealth (IF 2.153) Pub Date : 2019-11-09
    Marie Hellung Schønning,Matthew David Phelps,Janith Warnasekara,Suneth B Agampodi,Peter Furu

    Sri Lanka has one of the highest incidences of human leptospirosis worldwide. Outbreaks of this zoonotic infection are related to the monsoons and flooding. The study investigates risk factors associated with environmental, animal and occupational exposure while acknowledging the potential bias due to hanta viral infections in the study samples. Data were obtained from structured interviews with 483

  • Incorporating Health Outcomes into Land-Use Planning.
    Ecohealth (IF 2.153) Pub Date : 2019-11-09
    Max McClure,Catherine Machalaba,Carlos Zambrana-Torrelio,Yasha Feferholtz,Katherine D Lee,Peter Daszak,,William B Karesh

    The global trend toward increased agricultural production puts pressure on undeveloped areas, raising the question of how to optimally allocate land. Land-use change has recently been linked to a number of human health outcomes, but these are not routinely considered in land-use decision making. We review examples of planners' currently used strategies to evaluate land use and present a conceptual

  • Detection of Leptospira spp. in Captive Broad-Snouted Caiman (Caiman latirostris).
    Ecohealth (IF 2.153) Pub Date : 2019-11-07
    Lucas Nogueira Paz,Camila Hamond,Carla Silva Dias,Vitor P Curvelo,Marco Alberto Medeiros,Arianne Pontes Oriá,Melissa Hanzen Pinna

    Leptospira sp. is an important waterborne zoonotic bacterium, known to cause infection in animals and humans worldwide. The role of reptiles in the transmission of this microorganism is poorly understood and historically neglected. This study aimed to investigate the presence of anti-Leptospira spp. antibodies and leptospiral DNA in captive Caiman latirostris (broad-snouted caiman). Of the 23 reptiles

  • Insights into the Host Specificity of Mosquito-Borne Flaviviruses Infecting Wild Mammals.
    Ecohealth (IF 2.153) Pub Date : 2019-10-29
    Jesús Sotomayor-Bonilla,María José Tolsá-García,Gabriel E García-Peña,Diego Santiago-Alarcon,Hugo Mendoza,Paulina Alvarez-Mendizabal,Oscar Rico-Chávez,Rosa Elena Sarmiento-Silva,Gerardo Suzán

    Mosquito-borne flaviviruses (MBFVs) are of public and animal health concern because they cause millions of human deaths annually and impact domestic animals and wildlife globally. MBFVs are phylogenetically divided into two clades, one is transmitted by Aedes mosquitoes (Ae-MBFVs) associated with mammals and the other by Culex mosquitoes (Cx-MBFVs) associated with birds. However, this assumption has

  • Population-Level Resistance to Chytridiomycosis is Life-Stage Dependent in an Imperiled Anuran.
    Ecohealth (IF 2.153) Pub Date : 2019-10-25
    Anthony W Waddle,Joshua E Levy,Rebeca Rivera,Frank van Breukelen,Maliha Nash,Jef R Jaeger

    Amphibian declines caused by chytridiomycosis have been severe, but some susceptible populations have persisted or even recovered. Resistance to the causal agent Batrachochytrium dendrobatidis (Bd) could result from alleles of the adaptive immune system. During metamorphosis, however, immune systems may not be fully functional, implying that an effective immune response to Bd may be life-stage dependent

  • Exotic Pinus radiata Plantations do not Increase Andes Hantavirus Prevalence in Rodents.
    Ecohealth (IF 2.153) Pub Date : 2019-10-25
    André V Rubio,Fernando Fredes,Javier A Simonetti

    Andes south virus (ANDV) is the etiologic agent of hantavirus cardiopulmonary syndrome (HCPS) in Chile and southern Argentina. Farm and forestry workers have been identified as a group at high risk of acquiring HCPS caused by ANDV due to their close exposure to rodents or their secretions in rural areas. Therefore, investigation on the effect of landscape composition on ANDV in wild rodents becomes

  • Global Emergence of Buruli Ulcer.
    Ecohealth (IF 2.153) Pub Date : 2019-10-18
    Soushieta Jagadesh,Marine Combe,Pierre Couppié,Mathieu Nacher,Rodolphe Elie Gozlan

  • Laryngeal Demasculinization in Wild Cane Toads Varies with Land Use.
    Ecohealth (IF 2.153) Pub Date : 2019-10-18
    Sara Zlotnik,Marcos Gridi-Papp,Ximena E Bernal

    Anthropogenic factors, including the spread of endocrine-disrupting chemicals, have been linked to alterations in the reproductive physiology, morphology, and behavior of wildlife. Few studies of endocrine disruption, however, focus on secondary sexual traits that affect mating signals, despite their importance for reproductive success. The larynx of many anurans (frogs and toads), for example, is

  • Evidence that Passerine Birds Act as Amplifying Hosts for Usutu Virus Circulation.
    Ecohealth (IF 2.153) Pub Date : 2019-10-18
    David Roiz,Ana Vázquez,Santiago Ruiz,Antonio Tenorio,Ramón Soriguer,Jordi Figuerola

    Environment determines the distribution and prevalence of vector-borne pathogens due to its direct and indirect effects on the hosts, vectors, and pathogens. To investigate the relationship between Usutu virus occurrence and host biodiversity and to characterize the nidus of infection, we used field-based measures of host diversity and density (all birds and only passerines), vector abundance, landscape

  • Zoonotic Trypanosomes in Rats and Fleas of Venezuelan Slums.
    Ecohealth (IF 2.153) Pub Date : 2019-10-03
    Herakles A Garcia,Carlos J Rangel,Paola A Ortíz,Carlos O Calzadilla,Raul A Coronado,Arturo J Silva,Arlett M Pérez,Jesmil C Lecuna,Maria E García,Aixa M Aguirre,Marta M G Teixeira

    Rattus spp. are reservoirs of many human zoonoses, but their role in domestic transmission cycles of human trypanosomiasis is underestimated. In this study, we report trypanosome-infected Rattus norvegicus and Rattus rattus in human dwellings in slums neighboring Maracay, a large city near Caracas, the capital of Venezuela. Blood samples of R. norvegicus and R. rattus examined by PCR and FFLB (fluorescent

  • Antimicrobial Resistance and Ecology: A Dialog Yet to Begin.
    Ecohealth (IF 2.153) Pub Date : 2019-09-18
    Rita Tinoco Torres,João Carvalho,Mónica V Cunha,Carlos Fonseca

  • Giardia Infection and Trypanosoma Cruzi Exposure in Dogs in the Bosawás Biosphere Reserve, Nicaragua.
    Ecohealth (IF 2.153) Pub Date : 2019-08-14
    Amber F Roegner,Miles E Daniels,Woutrina A Smith,Nicole Gottdenker,Laura M Schwartz,James Liu,Amanda Campbell,Christine V Fiorello

    Indigenous Mayangna and Miskitu inhabit Nicaragua's remote Bosawás Biosphere Reserve, located in the North Caribbean Coast Autonomous Region. They are sedentary horticulturists who supplement their diet with wild game, hunting with the assistance of dogs. To test whether hunting dogs increased the risk of human exposure to protozoal zoonotic neglected tropical diseases (NTDs), we sampled dogs from

  • A Transdisciplinary Approach to Brucella in Muskoxen of the Western Canadian Arctic 1989-2016.
    Ecohealth (IF 2.153) Pub Date : 2019-08-14
    Matilde Tomaselli,Brett Elkin,Susan Kutz,N Jane Harms,H Ingebjørg Nymo,Tracy Davison,Lisa-Marie Leclerc,Marsha Branigan,Mathieu Dumond,Morten Tryland,Sylvia Checkley

    Brucella serostatus was evaluated in 3189 muskoxen sampled between 1989 and 2016 from various locations of the Canadian Arctic archipelago and mainland, near the communities of Sachs Harbour and Ulukhaktok, Northwest Territories, and Cambridge Bay and Kugluktuk, Nunavut. Brucella antibodies were found only in muskoxen sampled around Cambridge Bay, both on southern Victoria Island and on the adjacent

  • Temporal and Spatial Dynamics of Monkeypox in Democratic Republic of Congo, 2000-2015.
    Ecohealth (IF 2.153) Pub Date : 2019-08-13
    Bien-Aimé Makasa Mandja,Alice Brembilla,Pascal Handschumacher,Didier Bompangue,Jean-Paul Gonzalez,Jean-Jacques Muyembe,Frédéric Mauny

    Monkeypox is a viral disease with a clinical presentation resembling that of smallpox. Although monkeypox is considered to be an important zoonotic viral disease, its epidemiology remains poorly understood, especially the spatial and temporal distribution of the disease. The present study examined weekly reports of monkeypox cases collected from 2000 to 2015 at the health zone scale in the Democratic

  • Costs and Benefits of Delaying Remediation on Ecological Resources at Contaminated Sites.
    Ecohealth (IF 2.153) Pub Date : 2019-08-03
    Joanna Burger

    The USA and other nations have massive industrial, radiologic, and chemical legacy wastes on numerous sites, for example from the Cold War and industrial activities. Most of these sites will require remediation (cleanup of contaminants). Prioritization is essential to determine the order of cleanup, leaving some tasks for a later time. This paper examines the potential costs and benefits of delaying

  • Carnivore Protoparvovirus 1 at the Wild-Domestic Carnivore Interface in Northwestern Mexico.
    Ecohealth (IF 2.153) Pub Date : 2019-08-02
    Andres M López-Pérez,Karen Moreno,Andrea Chaves,Carlos N Ibarra-Cerdeña,Andre Rubio,Janet Foley,Rurik List,Gerardo Suzán,Rosa Elena Sarmiento

    Eighty-three wild and domestic carnivores of nine species from Janos Biosphere Reserve (JBR), Mexico, were tested by serologic and molecular assays to determine exposure and infection rates of carnivore protoparvovirus 1. Overall, 50.8% (33/65) of the wild carnivores and 100% (18/18) of the domestic dogs tested were seropositive for Canine protoparvovirus 1 (CPV), while 23% (15/65) of the wild carnivores

  • Suburbanization Increases Echinostome Infection in Green Frogs and Snails.
    Ecohealth (IF 2.153) Pub Date : 2019-07-25
    Meredith C VanAcker,Max R Lambert,Oswald J Schmitz,David K Skelly

    An important contribution to infectious disease emergence in wildlife is environmental degradation driven by pollution, habitat fragmentation, and eutrophication. Amphibians are a wildlife group that is particularly sensitive to land use change, infectious diseases, and their interactions. Residential suburban land use is now a dominant, and increasing, form of land cover in the USA and globally, contributing

  • Hantavirus Pulmonary Syndrome Risk in Entre Ríos, Argentina.
    Ecohealth (IF 2.153) Pub Date : 2019-07-23
    María Victoria Vadell,Aníbal Eduardo Carbajo,Carolina Massa,Gerardo Rubén Cueto,Isabel Elisa Gómez Villafañe

    Hantavirus pulmonary syndrome (HPS) is a severe emerging endemic disease of the Americas. Because hantavirus reservoirs are sylvatic rodents, HPS risk has been associated with occupational and recreational activities in natural and rural environments. The aim of this study was to analyze the risk of HPS in an endemic province of Argentina. For this, we explored the relationship between HPS cases occurring

  • Pathogen Dynamics in an Invasive Frog Compared to Native Species.
    Ecohealth (IF 2.153) Pub Date : 2019-07-23
    Brenda Rivera,Katrina Cook,Kimberly Andrews,Matthew S Atkinson,Anna E Savage

    Emerging infectious diseases threaten the survival of wildlife populations and species around the world. In particular, amphibians are experiencing population declines and species extinctions primarily in response to two pathogens, the fungus Batrachochytrium dendrobatidis (Bd) and the iridovirus Ranavirus (Rv). Here, we use field surveys and quantitative (q)PCR to compare infection intensity and prevalence

  • EcoHealth Action Over Lifetimes: Unity of Spirit, Voice, and Deeds.
    Ecohealth (IF 2.153) Pub Date : 2019-07-22
    Justin T Lawson

  • Epidermal Lesions and Injuries of Coastal Dolphins as Indicators of Ecological Health.
    Ecohealth (IF 2.153) Pub Date : 2019-07-22
    Stephen C Y Chan,Leszek Karczmarski

    Humpback dolphins (genus Sousa), obligatory inshore delphinids, are frequently exposed to adverse effects of many human activities. In Hong Kong, one of the world's most urbanised coastal regions, ~ 50% of the dolphins suffer from at least one type of epidermal lesions, likely related to anthropogenically degraded habitat. Furthermore, one in every ten dolphins has physical injuries indicative of vessel

  • Population Dynamics of Bank Voles Predicts Human Puumala Hantavirus Risk.
    Ecohealth (IF 2.153) Pub Date : 2019-07-15
    Hussein Khalil,Frauke Ecke,Magnus Evander,Göran Bucht,Birger Hörnfeldt

    Predicting risk of zoonotic diseases, i.e., diseases shared by humans and animals, is often complicated by the population ecology of wildlife host(s). We here demonstrate how ecological knowledge of a disease system can be used for early prediction of human risk using Puumala hantavirus (PUUV) in bank voles (Myodes glareolus), which causes Nephropathia epidemica (NE) in humans, as a model system. Bank

  • Antibiotics and Resistance Genes in Awash River Basin, Ethiopia.
    Ecohealth (IF 2.153) Pub Date : 2019-07-13
    Alemayehu Adugna Ergie,Yifei Leng,Jun Wang

    Among contaminants of emerging concern in the environment, a growing attention has been given to antibiotics and antibiotic-resistant genes (ARGs) due to the rise in their usage and potential ecotoxicological and public health effect. However, the occurrence of these contaminants in the environment is little investigated in developing countries particularly in sub-Saharan regions. In this study, the

  • Antimicrobial Residues in Chicken and Fish, Chittagong, Bangladesh.
    Ecohealth (IF 2.153) Pub Date : 2019-07-13
    Jinnat Ferdous,Alyson Bradshaw,S K M Azizul Islam,Shafayat Zamil,Ariful Islam,Abdul Ahad,Guillaume Fournie,M Sawkat Anwer,Md Ahasanul Hoque

    A cross-sectional observation and an intervention study were conducted in Chittagong, Bangladesh in 2015 to assess the status of antimicrobial residues in chicken and fish. The samples were tested for selected antimicrobials (amoxicillin, ciprofloxacin, oxytetracycline and enrofloxacin) using thin-layer chromatography (TLC). The TLC-based overall prevalence of residues was 87.9% in chicken (N = 182)

  • Survey of Aujeszky's Disease Virus in Hunting Dogs from Spain.
    Ecohealth (IF 2.153) Pub Date : 2019-07-12
    D Cano-Terriza,R Martínez,A Moreno,J E Pérez-Marín,S Jiménez-Ruiz,J Paniagua,C Borge,I García-Bocanegra

    Direct contact with swine infected by Aujeszky's disease virus (ADV) represents a potential risk of transmission to carnivore species, in which the infection is normally fatal. We assessed exposure to ADV in hunting dogs in an area where the virus is highly endemic in wild boar populations. Two out of 466 (0.43%; 95% CI 0.00-1.02%) hunting dogs analyzed were positive by gE-bELISA, gB-bELISA and the

  • Critical Importance of a One Health Approach to Antimicrobial Resistance.
    Ecohealth (IF 2.153) Pub Date : 2019-06-28
    Allison White,James M Hughes

  • Correction to: The One Health Approach to Toxoplasmosis: Epidemiology, Control, and Prevention Strategies.
    Ecohealth (IF 2.153) Pub Date : 2019-06-01
    A Alonso Aguirre,Travis Longcore,Michelle Barbieri,Haydee Dabritz,Dolores Hill,Patrice N Klein,Christopher Lepczyk,Emily L Lilly,Rima McLeod,Judith Milcarsky,Caroline E Murphy,Chunlei Su,Elizabeth VanWormer,Robert Yolken,Grant C Sizemore

    This article was originally published electronically on the publisher's internet portal (currently SpringerLink) on April 3, 2019 without open access.

  • First Report of a Novel Hepatozoon sp. in Giant Pandas (Ailuropoda melanoleuca).
    Ecohealth (IF 2.153) Pub Date : 2019-05-30
    Jennifer H Yu,Kate L Durrant,Songrui Liu,Ellen P Carlin,Chengdong Wang,Juan Rodriguez,Ann Bratthauer,Tim Walsh,Marc T Valitutto,Leah Fine,Suzan Murray,Robert C Fleischer

    The first report of giant pandas (Ailuropoda melanoleuca) infected with a novel Hepatozoon species is presented. An intraleukocytic parasite was detected via routine blood smear from a zoo-housed giant panda at the National Zoological Park. Ribosomal DNA sequences indicated a previously undescribed Hepatozoon species. Phylogenetic and distance analyses of the sequences placed it within its own branch

  • A Review of Zoonotic Pathogens of Dromedary Camels.
    Ecohealth (IF 2.153) Pub Date : 2019-05-28
    Sophie Zhu,Dawn Zimmerman,Sharon L Deem

    Dromedary, or one-humped, camels Camelus dromedarius are an almost exclusively domesticated species that are common in arid areas as both beasts of burden and production animals for meat and milk. Currently, there are approximately 30 million dromedary camels, with highest numbers in Africa and the Middle East. The hardiness of camels in arid regions has made humans more dependent on them, especially

  • Chelonid Alphaherpesvirus 5 DNA in Fibropapillomatosis-Affected Chelonia mydas.
    Ecohealth (IF 2.153) Pub Date : 2019-05-23
    Isabela G Domiciano,Matt K Broadhurst,Camila Domit,Karina K M C Flaiban,Daphne W Goldberg,Juliana T T Fritzen,Ana Paula F R L Bracarense

    Fibropapillomatosis is a panzootic and chronic disease among Chelonia mydas-usually associated with anthropogenic impacts. This study contributes towards understanding fibropapillomatosis implications for C. mydas populations as a reflector of environmental quality, via prevalence and histological, molecular and blood analyses at a World Heritage site in southern Brazil. Sixty-three juvenile C. mydas

  • Microhabitat Factors Influenced the Prevalence of Pathogenic Leptospira spp. in Small Mammal Host.
    Ecohealth (IF 2.153) Pub Date : 2019-05-23
    Muhammad Afif Yusof,Farah Shafawati Mohd-Taib,Siti Nabilah Ishak,Shukor Md-Nor,Shahrul Anuar Md-Sah,Nor Zalipah Mohamed,Nurul Natasya Azhari,Vasanthakumari Neela,Zamberi Sekawi

    Leptospirosis, a widespread zoonotic disease, is a public health problem, especially in major urban centres, and is mainly reported to be associated with rats. In Malaysia, focus has been primarily given to the Leptospira prevalence in rodents per se, but there is lack of information on the microhabitat structure of the outbreak areas. We aimed to determine the diversity of small mammal species, microhabitat

  • Quantifying Batrachochytrium dendrobatidis and Batrachochytrium salamandrivorans Viability.
    Ecohealth (IF 2.153) Pub Date : 2019-05-23
    Alexa Lindauer,Tiffany May,Gabriela Rios-Sotelo,Ciara Sheets,Jamie Voyles

    The disease chytridiomycosis is responsible for global amphibian declines. Chytridiomycosis is caused by Batrachochytrium dendrobatidis (Bd) and B. salamandrivorans (Bsal), fungal pathogens with stationary and transmissible life stages. Establishing methods that quantify growth and survival of both life stages can facilitate research on the pathophysiology and disease ecology of these pathogens. We

  • Limited Exchange of Salmonella Among Domestic Pigs and Wild Boars in Italy.
    Ecohealth (IF 2.153) Pub Date : 2019-05-22
    Silvia Bonardi,Luca Bolzoni,Renato Giulio Zanoni,Marina Morganti,Margherita Corradi,Stefano Gilioli,Stefano Pongolini

    The study assessed Salmonella carriage in wild boars (Sus scrofa) and compared their isolates with those recovered from the domestic swine population of the same area of northern Italy (Emilia-Romagna), characterized by intensive pig farming and rather high density of wild boars. A total of 189 wild boars hunted during twelve months (2017-2018) were tested for Salmonella in mesenteric lymph nodes (MLN)

  • Aedes Mosquito Infestation in Socioeconomically Contrasting Neighborhoods of Panama City.
    Ecohealth (IF 2.153) Pub Date : 2019-05-21
    Ari Whiteman,Carmelo Gomez,Jose Rovira,Gang Chen,W Owen McMillan,Jose Loaiza

    The global expansion and proliferation of Aedes aegypti and Aedes albopictus represents a growing public health threat due to their capacity to transmit a variety of arboviruses to humans, including dengue, chikungunya, and Zika. Particularly important in urban regions, where these species have evolved to breed in man-made containers and feed nearly exclusively on human hosts, the threat of vector-borne

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