当前期刊: Annual Review of Plant Biology Go to current issue    加入关注   
显示样式:        排序: IF: - GO 导出
我的关注
我的收藏
您暂时未登录!
登录
  • Engineering Synthetic Signaling in Plants.
    Annu. Rev. Plant Biol. (IF 19.54) Pub Date : 2020-05-22
    Alexander R Leydon,Hardik P Gala,Sarah Guiziou,Jennifer L Nemhauser

    Synthetic signaling is a branch of synthetic biology that aims to understand native genetic regulatory mechanisms and to use these insights to engineer interventions and devices that achieve specified design parameters. Applying synthetic signaling approaches to plants offers the promise of mitigating the worst effects of climate change and providing a means to engineer crops for entirely novel environments

    更新日期:2020-05-22
  • The Genomics of Cannabis and Its Close Relatives.
    Annu. Rev. Plant Biol. (IF 19.54) Pub Date : 2020-05-22
    I Kovalchuk,M Pellino,P Rigault,R van Velzen,J Ebersbach,J R Ashnest,M Mau,M E Schranz,J Alcorn,R B Laprairie,J K McKay,C Burbridge,D Schneider,D Vergara,N C Kane,T F Sharbel

    Cannabis sativa L. is an important yet controversial plant with a long history of recreational, medicinal, industrial, and agricultural use, and together with its sister genus Humulus, it represents a group of plants with a myriad of academic, agricultural, pharmaceutical, industrial, and social interests. We have performed a meta-analysis of pooled published genomics data, andwe present a comprehensive

    更新日期:2020-05-22
  • Exploring Uncharted Territories of Plant Specialized Metabolism in the Postgenomic Era.
    Annu. Rev. Plant Biol. (IF 19.54) Pub Date : 2020-05-22
    Joseph R Jacobowitz,Jing-Ke Weng

    For millennia, humans have used plants for food, raw materials, and medicines, but only within the past two centuries have we begun to connect particular plant metabolites with specific properties and utilities. Since the utility of classical molecular genetics beyond model species is limited, the vast specialized metabolic systems present in the Earth's flora remain largely unstudied. With an explosion

    更新日期:2020-05-22
  • Exploiting Broad-Spectrum Disease Resistance in Crops: From Molecular Dissection to Breeding.
    Annu. Rev. Plant Biol. (IF 19.54) Pub Date : 2020-05-22
    Wei Li,Yiwen Deng,Yuese Ning,Zuhua He,Guo-Liang Wang

    Plant diseases reduce crop yields and threaten global food security, making the selection of disease-resistant cultivars a major goal of crop breeding. Broad-spectrum resistance (BSR) is a desirable trait because it confers resistance against more than one pathogen species or against the majority of races or strains of the same pathogen. Many BSR genes have been cloned in plants and have been found

    更新日期:2020-05-22
  • Developmental Mechanisms of Fleshy Fruit Diversity in Rosaceae.
    Annu. Rev. Plant Biol. (IF 19.54) Pub Date : 2020-05-22
    Zhongchi Liu,Hong Ma,Sook Jung,Dorrie Main,Lei Guo

    Rosaceae (the rose family) is an economically important family that includes species prized for high-value fruits and ornamentals. The family also exhibits diverse fruit types, including drupe (peach), pome (apple), drupetum (raspberry), and achenetum (strawberry). Phylogenetic analysis and ancestral fruit-type reconstruction suggest independent evolutionary paths of multiple fleshy fruit types from

    更新日期:2020-05-22
  • Reproductive Multitasking: The Female Gametophyte.
    Annu. Rev. Plant Biol. (IF 19.54) Pub Date : 2020-05-22
    Friederike Hater,Thomas Nakel,Rita Groß-Hardt

    Fertilization of flowering plants requires the organization of complex tasks, many of which become integrated by the female gametophyte (FG). The FG is a few-celled haploid structure that orchestrates division of labor to coordinate successful interaction with the sperm cells and their transport vehicle, the pollen tube. As reproductive outcome is directly coupled to evolutionary success, the underlying

    更新日期:2020-05-22
  • Molecular Mechanisms of Pollination Biology.
    Annu. Rev. Plant Biol. (IF 19.54) Pub Date : 2020-05-22
    Róisín Fattorini,Beverley J Glover

    Pollination is the transfer of pollen grains from the stamens to the stigma, an essential requirement of sexual reproduction in flowering plants. Cross-pollination increases genetic diversity and is favored by selection in the majority of situations. Flowering plants have evolved a wide variety of traits that influence pollination success, including those involved in optimization of self-pollination

    更新日期:2020-05-22
  • Prospects for Engineering Biophysical CO2 Concentrating Mechanisms into Land Plants to Enhance Yields.
    Annu. Rev. Plant Biol. (IF 19.54) Pub Date : 2020-05-22
    Jessica H Hennacy,Martin C Jonikas

    Although cyanobacteria and algae represent a small fraction of the biomass of all primary producers, their photosynthetic activity accounts for roughly half of the daily CO2 fixation that occurs on Earth. These microorganisms are able to accomplish this feat by enhancing the activity of the CO2-fixing enzyme Rubisco using biophysical CO2 concentrating mechanisms (CCMs). Biophysical CCMs operate by

    更新日期:2020-05-22
  • Salt Tolerance Mechanisms of Plants.
    Annu. Rev. Plant Biol. (IF 19.54) Pub Date : 2020-05-22
    Eva van Zelm,Yanxia Zhang,Christa Testerink

    Crop loss due to soil salinization is an increasing threat to agriculture worldwide. This review provides an overview of cellular and physiological mechanisms in plant responses to salt. We place cellular responses in a time- and tissue-dependent context in order to link them to observed phases in growth rate that occur in response to stress. Recent advances in phenotyping can now functionally or genetically

    更新日期:2020-05-22
  • Rapid Auxin-Mediated Cell Expansion.
    Annu. Rev. Plant Biol. (IF 19.54) Pub Date : 2020-05-22
    Minmin Du,Edgar P Spalding,William M Gray

    The promotive effect of auxin on shoot cell expansion provided the bioassay used to isolate this central plant hormone nearly a century ago. While the mechanisms underlying auxin perception and signaling to regulate transcription have largely been elucidated, how auxin controls cell expansion is only now attaining molecular-level definition. The good news is that the decades-old acid growth theory

    更新日期:2020-05-22
  • Evolution of Plant NLRs: From Natural History to Precise Modifications.
    Annu. Rev. Plant Biol. (IF 19.54) Pub Date : 2020-05-22
    Janina Tamborski,Ksenia V Krasileva

    Nucleotide-binding leucine-rich repeat receptors (NLRs) monitor the plant intracellular environment for signs of pathogen infection. Several mechanisms of NLR-mediated immunity arose independently across multiple species. These include the functional specialization of NLRs into sensors and helpers, the independent emergence of direct and indirect recognition within NLR subfamilies, the regulation of

    更新日期:2020-05-22
  • Guard Cell Metabolism and Stomatal Function.
    Annu. Rev. Plant Biol. (IF 19.54) Pub Date : 2020-05-22
    Tracy Lawson,Jack Matthews

    The control of gaseous exchange between the leaf and external atmosphere is governed by stomatal conductance (gs); therefore, stomata play a critical role in photosynthesis and transpiration and overall plant productivity. Stomatal conductance is determined by both anatomical features and behavioral characteristics. Here we review some of the osmoregulatory pathways in guard cell metabolism, genes

    更新日期:2020-05-22
  • The Small GTPase Superfamily in Plants: A Conserved Regulatory Module with Novel Functions.
    Annu. Rev. Plant Biol. (IF 19.54) Pub Date : 2020-05-22
    Erik Nielsen

    Small GTP-binding proteins represent a highly conserved signaling module in eukaryotes that regulates diverse cellular processes such as signal transduction, cytoskeletal organization and cell polarity, cell proliferation and differentiation, intracellular membrane trafficking and transport vesicle formation, and nucleocytoplasmic transport. These proteins function as molecular switches that cycle

    更新日期:2020-05-22
  • Regulation and Evolution of C4 Photosynthesis.
    Annu. Rev. Plant Biol. (IF 19.54) Pub Date : 2020-05-22
    Urte Schlüter,Andreas P M Weber

    C4 photosynthesis evolved multiple times independently from ancestral C3 photosynthesis in a broad range of flowering land plant families and in both monocots and dicots. The evolution of C4 photosynthesis entails the recruitment of enzyme activities that are not involved in photosynthetic carbon fixation in C3 plants to photosynthesis. This requires a different regulation of gene expression as well

    更新日期:2020-05-22
  • Redox Homeostasis and Signaling in a Higher-CO2 World.
    Annu. Rev. Plant Biol. (IF 19.54) Pub Date : 2020-05-22
    Christine H Foyer,Graham Noctor

    Rising CO2 concentrations and their effects on plant productivity present challenging issues. Effects on the photosynthesis/photorespiration balance and changes in primary metabolism are known, caused by the competitive interaction of CO2 and O2 at the active site of ribulose-1,5-bisphosphate carboxylase/oxygenase. However, impacts on stress resistance are less clear. Reactive oxygen species are key

    更新日期:2020-05-22
  • Origin and Diversity of Plant Receptor-Like Kinases.
    Annu. Rev. Plant Biol. (IF 19.54) Pub Date : 2020-05-22
    Anne Dievart,Céline Gottin,Christophe Périn,Vincent Ranwez,Nathalie Chantret

    Because of their high level of diversity and complex evolutionary histories, most studies on plant receptor-like kinase subfamilies have focused on their kinase domains. With the large amount of genome sequence data available today, particularly on basal land plants and Charophyta, more attention should be paid to primary events that shaped the diversity of the RLK gene family. We thus focus on the

    更新日期:2020-05-22
  • Mechanisms of Cryptochrome-Mediated Photoresponses in Plants.
    Annu. Rev. Plant Biol. (IF 19.54) Pub Date : 2020-05-22
    Qin Wang,Chentao Lin

    Cryptochromes are blue-light receptors that mediate photoresponses in plants. The genomes of most land plants encode two clades of cryptochromes, CRY1 and CRY2, which mediate distinct and overlapping photoresponses within the same species and between different plant species. Photoresponsive protein-protein interaction is the primary mode of signal transduction of cryptochromes. Cryptochromes exist

    更新日期:2020-05-22
  • Functions of Anionic Lipids in Plants.
    Annu. Rev. Plant Biol. (IF 19.54) Pub Date : 2020-05-22
    Lise C Noack,Yvon Jaillais

    Anionic phospholipids, which include phosphatidic acid, phosphatidylserine, and phosphoinositides, represent a small percentage of membrane lipids. They are able to modulate the physical properties of membranes, such as their surface charges, curvature, or clustering of proteins. Moreover, by mediating interactions with numerous membrane-associated proteins, they are key components in the establishment

    更新日期:2020-05-22
  • A Bridge to the World.
    Annu. Rev. Plant Biol. (IF 19.54) Pub Date : 2020-05-22
    Zhi-Hong Xu

    Zhi-Hong Xu is a plant physiologist who studied botany at Peking University (1959-1965). He joined the Shanghai Institute of Plant Physiology (SIPP), Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS), as a graduate student in 1965. He recalls what has happened for the institute, during the Cultural Revolution, and he witnessed the spring of science eventually coming to China. Xu was a visiting scholar at the John

    更新日期:2020-05-22
  • Novel Imaging Modalities Shedding Light on Plant Biology: Start Small and Grow Big.
    Annu. Rev. Plant Biol. (IF 19.54) Pub Date : 2020-05-22
    Natalie M Clark,Lisa Van den Broeck,Marjorie Guichard,Adam Stager,Herbert G Tanner,Ikram Blilou,Guido Grossmann,Anjali S Iyer-Pascuzzi,Alexis Maizel,Erin E Sparks,Rosangela Sozzani

    The acquisition of quantitative information on plant development across a range of temporal and spatial scales is essential to understand the mechanisms of plant growth. Recent years have shown the emergence of imaging methodologies that enable the capture and analysis of plant growth, from the dynamics of molecules within cells to the measurement of morphometricand physiological traits in field-grown

    更新日期:2020-05-22
  • Ancient Plant Genomics in Archaeology, Herbaria, and the Environment.
    Annu. Rev. Plant Biol. (IF 19.54) Pub Date : 2020-05-22
    Logan Kistler,Vanessa C Bieker,Michael D Martin,Mikkel Winther Pedersen,Jazmín Ramos Madrigal,Nathan Wales

    The ancient DNA revolution of the past 35 years has driven an explosion in the breadth, nuance, and diversity of questions that are approachable using ancient biomolecules, and plant research has been a constant, indispensable facet of these developments. Using archaeological, paleontological, and herbarium plant tissues, researchers have probed plant domestication and dispersal, plant evolution and

    更新日期:2020-05-22
  • Phenotyping: New Windows into the Plant for Breeders.
    Annu. Rev. Plant Biol. (IF 19.54) Pub Date : 2020-05-22
    Michelle Watt,Fabio Fiorani,Björn Usadel,Uwe Rascher,Onno Muller,Ulrich Schurr

    Plant phenotyping enables noninvasive quantification of plant structure and function and interactions with environments. High-capacity phenotyping reaches hitherto inaccessible phenotypic characteristics. Diverse, challenging, and valuable applications of phenotyping have originated among scientists, prebreeders, and breeders as they study the phenotypic diversity of genetic resources and apply increasingly

    更新日期:2020-05-22
  • Dynamic Construction, Perception, and Remodeling of Plant Cell Walls.
    Annu. Rev. Plant Biol. (IF 19.54) Pub Date : 2020-05-22
    Charles T Anderson,Joseph J Kieber

    Plant cell walls are dynamic structures that are synthesized by plants to provide durable coverings for the delicate cells they encase. They are made of polysaccharides, proteins, and other biomolecules and have evolved to withstand large amounts of physical force and to resist external attack by herbivores and pathogens but can in many cases expand, contract, and undergo controlled degradation and

    更新日期:2020-05-22
  • Starch: A Flexible, Adaptable Carbon Store Coupled to Plant Growth.
    Annu. Rev. Plant Biol. (IF 19.54) Pub Date : 2020-05-22
    Alison M Smith,Samuel C Zeeman

    Research in the past decade has uncovered new and surprising information about the pathways of starch synthesis and degradation. This includes the discovery of previously unsuspected protein families required both for processes and for the long-sought mechanism of initiation of starch granules. There is also growing recognition of the central role of leaf starch turnover in making carbon available

    更新日期:2020-05-22
  • Desiccation Tolerance: Avoiding Cellular Damage During Drying and Rehydration.
    Annu. Rev. Plant Biol. (IF 19.54) Pub Date : 2020-05-22
    Melvin J Oliver,Jill M Farrant,Henk W M Hilhorst,Sagadevan Mundree,Brett Williams,J Derek Bewley

    Desiccation of plants is often lethal but is tolerated by the majority of seeds and by vegetative tissues of only a small number of land plants. Desiccation tolerance is an ancient trait, lost from vegetative tissues following the appearance of tracheids but reappearing in several lineages when selection pressures favored its evolution. Cells of all desiccation-tolerant plants and seeds must possess

    更新日期:2020-05-22
  • Genetic Engineering and Editing of Plants: An Analysis of New and Persisting Questions.
    Annu. Rev. Plant Biol. (IF 19.54) Pub Date : 2020-05-22
    Rebecca Mackelprang,Peggy G Lemaux

    Genetic engineering is a molecular biology technique that enables a gene or genes to be inserted into a plant's genome. The first genetically engineered plants were grown commercially in 1996, and the most common genetically engineered traits are herbicide and insect resistance. Questions and concerns have been raised about the effects of these traits on the environment and human health, many of which

    更新日期:2020-05-22
  • Evolution of Plant Hormone Response Pathways.
    Annu. Rev. Plant Biol. (IF 19.54) Pub Date : 2020-05-22
    Miguel A Blázquez,David C Nelson,Dolf Weijers

    This review focuses on the evolution of plant hormone signaling pathways. Like the chemical nature of the hormones themselves, the signaling pathways are diverse. Therefore, we focus on a group of hormones whose primary perception mechanism involves an Skp1/Cullin/F-box-type ubiquitin ligase: auxin, jasmonic acid, gibberellic acid, and strigolactone. We begin with a comparison of the core signaling

    更新日期:2020-05-22
  • Modeling Plant Metabolism: From Network Reconstruction to Mechanistic Models.
    Annu. Rev. Plant Biol. (IF 19.54) Pub Date : 2020-05-22
    Teresa J Clark,Longyun Guo,John Morgan,Jorg Schwender

    Mathematical modeling of plant metabolism enables the plant science community to understand the organization of plant metabolism, obtain quantitative insights into metabolic functions, and derive engineering strategies for manipulation of metabolism. Among the various modeling approaches, metabolic pathway analysis can dissect the basic functional modes of subsections of core metabolism, such as photorespiration

    更新日期:2020-05-22
  • Sequencing and Analyzing the Transcriptomes of a Thousand Species Across the Tree of Life for Green Plants.
    Annu. Rev. Plant Biol. (IF 19.54) Pub Date : 2020-05-22
    Gane Ka-Shu Wong,Douglas E Soltis,Jim Leebens-Mack,Norman J Wickett,Michael S Barker,Yves Van de Peer,Sean W Graham,Michael Melkonian

    The 1,000 Plants (1KP) initiative was the first large-scale effort to collect next-generation sequencing (NGS) data across a phylogenetically representative sampling of species for a major clade of life, in this case theViridiplantae, or green plants. As an international multidisciplinary consortium, we focused on plant evolution and its practical implications. Among the major outcomes were the inference

    更新日期:2020-05-22
  • A Fruitful Journey: Pollen Tube Navigation from Germination to Fertilization.
    Annu. Rev. Plant Biol. (IF 19.54) Pub Date : 2019-04-29
    Mark A Johnson,Jeffrey F Harper,Ravishankar Palanivelu

    In flowering plants, pollen tubes undergo tip growth to deliver two nonmotile sperm to the ovule where they fuse with an egg and central cell to achieve double fertilization. This extended journey involves rapid growth and changes in gene activity that manage compatible interactions with at least seven different cell types. Nearly half of the genome is expressed in haploid pollen, which facilitates

    更新日期:2020-04-21
  • Water Use Efficiency as a Constraint and Target for Improving the Resilience and Productivity of C3 and C4 Crops.
    Annu. Rev. Plant Biol. (IF 19.54) Pub Date : 2019-04-29
    Andrew D B Leakey,John N Ferguson,Charles P Pignon,Alex Wu,Zhenong Jin,Graeme L Hammer,David B Lobell

    The ratio of plant carbon gain to water use, known as water use efficiency (WUE), has long been recognized as a key constraint on crop production and an important target for crop improvement. WUE is a physiologically and genetically complex trait that can be defined at a range of scales. Many component traits directly influence WUE, including photosynthesis, stomatal and mesophyll conductances, and

    更新日期:2020-04-21
  • Crop Improvement Through Temperature Resilience.
    Annu. Rev. Plant Biol. (IF 19.54) Pub Date : 2019-04-29
    Jingyu Zhang,Xin-Min Li,Hong-Xuan Lin,Kang Chong

    Abnormal environmental temperature affects plant growth and threatens crop production. Understanding temperature signal sensing and the balance between defense and development in plants lays the foundation for improvement of temperature resilience. Here, we summarize the current understanding of cold signal perception/transduction as well as heat stress response. Dissection of plant responses to different

    更新日期:2020-04-21
  • Crop Biodiversity: An Unfinished Magnum Opus of Nature.
    Annu. Rev. Plant Biol. (IF 19.54) Pub Date : 2019-04-29
    Matthew B Hufford,Jorge C Berny Mier Y Teran,Paul Gepts

    Crop biodiversity is one of the major inventions of humanity through the process of domestication. It is also an essential resource for crop improvement to adapt agriculture to ever-changing conditions like global climate change and consumer preferences. Domestication and the subsequent evolution under cultivation have profoundly shaped the genetic architecture of this biodiversity. In this review

    更新日期:2020-04-21
  • Risk Assessment and Regulation of Plants Modified by Modern Biotechniques: Current Status and Future Challenges.
    Annu. Rev. Plant Biol. (IF 19.54) Pub Date : 2019-04-29
    Joachim Schiemann,Antje Dietz-Pfeilstetter,Frank Hartung,Christian Kohl,Jörg Romeis,Thorben Sprink

    This review describes the current status and future challenges of risk assessment and regulation of plants modified by modern biotechniques, namely genetic engineering and genome editing. It provides a general overview of the biosafety and regulation of genetically modified plants and details different regulatory frameworks with a focus on the European situation. The environmental risk and safety assessment

    更新日期:2020-04-21
  • CRISPR/Cas Genome Editing and Precision Plant Breeding in Agriculture.
    Annu. Rev. Plant Biol. (IF 19.54) Pub Date : 2019-04-29
    Kunling Chen,Yanpeng Wang,Rui Zhang,Huawei Zhang,Caixia Gao

    Enhanced agricultural production through innovative breeding technology is urgently needed to increase access to nutritious foods worldwide. Recent advances in CRISPR/Cas genome editing enable efficient targeted modification in most crops, thus promising to accelerate crop improvement. Here, we review advances in CRISPR/Cas9 and its variants and examine their applications in plant genome editing and

    更新日期:2020-04-21
  • The Genomics of Oryza Species Provides Insights into Rice Domestication and Heterosis.
    Annu. Rev. Plant Biol. (IF 19.54) Pub Date : 2019-04-29
    Erwang Chen,Xuehui Huang,Zhixi Tian,Rod A Wing,Bin Han

    Here, we review recent progress in genetic and genomic studies of the diversity of Oryza species. In recent years, unlocking the genetic diversity of Oryza species has provided insights into the genomics of rice domestication, heterosis, and complex traits. Genome sequencing and analysis of numerous wild rice (Oryza rufipogon) and Asian cultivated rice (Oryza sativa) accessions have enabled the identification

    更新日期:2020-04-21
  • Comparative and Functional Algal Genomics.
    Annu. Rev. Plant Biol. (IF 19.54) Pub Date : 2019-04-29
    Crysten E Blaby-Haas,Sabeeha S Merchant

    Over 100 whole-genome sequences from algae are published or soon to be published. The rapidly increasing availability of these fundamental resources is changing how we understand one of the most diverse, complex, and understudied groups of photosynthetic eukaryotes. Genome sequences provide a window into the functional potential of individual algae, with phylogenomics and functional genomics as tools

    更新日期:2020-04-21
  • Evolution of Glucosinolate Diversity via Whole-Genome Duplications, Gene Rearrangements, and Substrate Promiscuity.
    Annu. Rev. Plant Biol. (IF 19.54) Pub Date : 2019-04-29
    Brenden Barco,Nicole K Clay

    Over several decades, glucosinolates have become a model system for the study of specialized metabolic diversity in plants. The near-complete identification of biosynthetic enzymes, regulators, and transporters has provided support for the role of gene duplication and subsequent changes in gene expression, protein function, and substrate specificity as the evolutionary bases of glucosinolate diversity

    更新日期:2020-04-21
  • A Molecular View of Plant Local Adaptation: Incorporating Stress-Response Networks.
    Annu. Rev. Plant Biol. (IF 19.54) Pub Date : 2019-04-29
    Acer VanWallendael,Ali Soltani,Nathan C Emery,Murilo M Peixoto,Jason Olsen,David B Lowry

    Ecological specialization in plants occurs primarily through local adaptation to different environments. Local adaptation is widely thought to result in costly fitness trade-offs that result in maladaptation to alternative environments. However, recent studies suggest that such trade-offs are not universal. Further, there is currently a limited understanding of the molecular mechanisms responsible

    更新日期:2020-04-21
  • Molecular Interactions Between Plants and Insect Herbivores.
    Annu. Rev. Plant Biol. (IF 19.54) Pub Date : 2019-04-29
    Matthias Erb,Philippe Reymond

    Diverse molecular processes regulate the interactions between plants and insect herbivores. Here, we review genes and proteins that are involved in plant-herbivore interactions and discuss how their discovery has structured the current standard model of plant-herbivore interactions. Plants perceive damage-associated and, possibly, herbivore-associated molecular patterns via receptors that activate

    更新日期:2020-04-21
  • MicroRNAs and Their Regulatory Roles in Plant-Environment Interactions.
    Annu. Rev. Plant Biol. (IF 19.54) Pub Date : 2019-04-29
    Xianwei Song,Yan Li,Xiaofeng Cao,Yijun Qi

    MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are 20-24 nucleotide noncoding RNAs abundant in plants and animals. The biogenesis of plant miRNAs involves transcription of miRNA genes, processing of primary miRNA transcripts by DICER-LIKE proteins into mature miRNAs, and loading of mature miRNAs into ARGONAUTE proteins to form miRNA-induced silencing complex (miRISC). By targeting complementary sequences, miRISC negatively regulates

    更新日期:2020-04-21
  • Molecular and Environmental Regulation of Root Development.
    Annu. Rev. Plant Biol. (IF 19.54) Pub Date : 2019-04-29
    Hans Motte,Steffen Vanneste,Tom Beeckman

    In order to optimally establish their root systems, plants are endowed with several mechanisms to use at distinct steps during their development. In this review, we zoom in on the major processes involved in root development and detail important new insights that have been generated in recent studies, mainly using the Arabidopsis root as a model. First, we discuss new insights in primary root development

    更新日期:2020-04-21
  • Molecular Networks of Seed Size Control in Plants.
    Annu. Rev. Plant Biol. (IF 19.54) Pub Date : 2019-04-29
    Na Li,Ran Xu,Yunhai Li

    The size of seeds affects not only evolutionary fitness but also grain yield of crops. Understanding the mechanisms controlling seed size has become an important research field in plant science. Seed size is determined by the integrated signals of maternal and zygotic tissues, which control the coordinated growth of the embryo, endosperm, and seed coat. Recent advances have identified several signaling

    更新日期:2020-04-21
  • Functional Status of Xylem Through Time.
    Annu. Rev. Plant Biol. (IF 19.54) Pub Date : 2019-04-29
    Craig R Brodersen,Adam B Roddy,Jay W Wason,Andrew J McElrone

    Water transport in vascular plants represents a critical component of terrestrial water cycles and supplies the water needed for the exchange of CO2 in the atmosphere for photosynthesis. Yet, many fundamental principles of water transport are difficult to assess given the scale and location of plant xylem. Here we review the mechanistic principles that underpin long-distance water transport in vascular

    更新日期:2020-04-21
  • Molecular Mechanisms of Plant Regeneration.
    Annu. Rev. Plant Biol. (IF 19.54) Pub Date : 2019-04-29
    Momoko Ikeuchi,David S Favero,Yuki Sakamoto,Akira Iwase,Duncan Coleman,Bart Rymen,Keiko Sugimoto

    Plants reprogram somatic cells following injury and regenerate new tissues and organs. Upon perception of inductive cues, somatic cells often dedifferentiate, proliferate, and acquire new fates to repair damaged tissues or develop new organs from wound sites. Wound stress activates transcriptional cascades to promote cell fate reprogramming and initiate new developmental programs. Wounding also modulates

    更新日期:2020-04-21
  • Leaf Senescence: Systems and Dynamics Aspects.
    Annu. Rev. Plant Biol. (IF 19.54) Pub Date : 2019-04-29
    Hye Ryun Woo,Hyo Jung Kim,Pyung Ok Lim,Hong Gil Nam

    Leaf senescence is an important developmental process involving orderly disassembly of macromolecules for relocating nutrients from leaves to other organs and is critical for plants' fitness. Leaf senescence is the response of an intricate integration of various environmental signals and leaf age information and involves a complex and highly regulated process with the coordinated actions of multiple

    更新日期:2020-04-21
  • Thermomorphogenesis
    Annu. Rev. Plant Biol. (IF 19.54) Pub Date : 2019-04-29
    Jorge J. Casal; Sureshkumar Balasubramanian

    When exposed to warmer, nonstressful average temperatures, some plant organs grow and develop at a faster rate without affecting their final dimensions. Other plant organs show specific changes in morphology or development in a response termed thermomorphogenesis. Selected coding and noncoding RNA, chromatin features, alternative splicing variants, and signaling proteins change their abundance, localization

    更新日期:2020-04-21
  • The Dynamics of Cambial Stem Cell Activity.
    Annu. Rev. Plant Biol. (IF 19.54) Pub Date : 2019-04-29
    Urs Fischer,Melis Kucukoglu,Ykä Helariutta,Rishikesh P Bhalerao

    Stem cell populations in meristematic tissues at distinct locations in the plant body provide the potency of continuous plant growth. Primary meristems, at the apices of the plant body, contribute mainly to the elongation of the main plant axes, whereas secondary meristems in lateral positions are responsible for the thickening of these axes. The stem cells of the vascular cambium-a secondary lateral

    更新日期:2020-04-21
  • Control of Meristem Size.
    Annu. Rev. Plant Biol. (IF 19.54) Pub Date : 2019-04-29
    Munenori Kitagawa,David Jackson

    A fascinating feature of plant growth and development is that plants initiate organs continually throughout their lifespan. The ability to do this relies on specialized groups of pluripotent stem cells termed meristems, which allow for the elaboration of the shoot, root, and vascular systems. We now have a deep understanding of the genetic networks that control meristem initiation and stem cell maintenance

    更新日期:2020-04-21
  • Division Plane Establishment and Cytokinesis.
    Annu. Rev. Plant Biol. (IF 19.54) Pub Date : 2019-04-29
    Pantelis Livanos,Sabine Müller

    Plant cells divide their cytoplasmic content by forming a new membrane compartment, the cell plate, via a rerouting of the secretory pathway toward the division plane aided by a dynamic cytoskeletal apparatus known as the phragmoplast. The phragmoplast expands centrifugally and directs the cell plate to the preselected division site at the plasma membrane to fuse with the parental wall. The division

    更新日期:2020-04-21
  • Heterotrimeric G-Protein Signaling in Plants: Conserved and Novel Mechanisms.
    Annu. Rev. Plant Biol. (IF 19.54) Pub Date : 2019-04-29
    Sona Pandey

    Heterotrimeric GTP-binding proteins are key regulators of a multitude of signaling pathways in all eukaryotes. Although the core G-protein components and their basic biochemistries are broadly conserved throughout evolution, the regulatory mechanisms of G proteins seem to have been rewired in plants to meet specific needs. These proteins are currently the focus of intense research in plants due to

    更新日期:2020-04-21
  • Next-Gen Approaches to Flavor-Related Metabolism
    Annu. Rev. Plant Biol. (IF 19.54) Pub Date : 2019-04-29
    Guangtao Zhu; Junbo Gou; Harry Klee; Sanwen Huang

    Although flavor is an essential element for consumer acceptance of food, breeding programs have focused primarily on yield, leading to significant declines in flavor for many vegetables. The deterioration of flavor quality has concerned breeders; however, the complexity of this trait has hindered efforts to improve or even maintain it. Recently, the integration of flavor-associated metabolic profiling

    更新日期:2020-04-21
  • Look Closely, the Beautiful May Be Small: Precursor-Derived Peptides in Plants
    Annu. Rev. Plant Biol. (IF 19.54) Pub Date : 2019-04-29
    Vilde Olsson; Lisa Joos; Shanshuo Zhu; Kris Gevaert; Melinka A. Butenko; Ive De Smet

    During the past decade, a flurry of research focusing on the role of peptides as short- and long-distance signaling molecules in plant cell communication has been undertaken. Here, we focus on peptides derived from nonfunctional precursors, and we address several key questions regarding peptide signaling. We provide an overview of the regulatory steps involved in producing a biologically active peptide

    更新日期:2020-04-21
  • The Scope, Functions, and Dynamics of Posttranslational Protein Modifications.
    Annu. Rev. Plant Biol. (IF 19.54) Pub Date : 2019-04-29
    A Harvey Millar,Joshua L Heazlewood,Carmela Giglione,Michael J Holdsworth,Andreas Bachmair,Waltraud X Schulze

    Assessing posttranslational modification (PTM) patterns within protein molecules and reading their functional implications present grand challenges for plant biology. We combine four perspectives on PTMs and their roles by considering five classes of PTMs as examples of the broader context of PTMs. These include modifications of the N terminus, glycosylation, phosphorylation, oxidation, and N-terminal

    更新日期:2020-04-21
  • Conditional Protein Function via N-Degron Pathway-Mediated Proteostasis in Stress Physiology.
    Annu. Rev. Plant Biol. (IF 19.54) Pub Date : 2019-04-29
    Nico Dissmeyer

    The N-degron pathway, formerly the N-end rule pathway, regulates functions of regulatory proteins. It impacts protein half-life and therefore directs the actual presence of target proteins in the cell. The current concept holds that the N-degron pathway depends on the identity of the amino (N)-terminal amino acid and many other factors, such as the follow-up sequence at the N terminus, conformation

    更新日期:2020-04-21
  • Chloroplast Lipids and Their Biosynthesis.
    Annu. Rev. Plant Biol. (IF 19.54) Pub Date : 2019-04-29
    Georg Hölzl,Peter Dörmann

    Chloroplasts contain high amounts of monogalactosyldiacylglycerol (MGDG) and digalactosyldiacylglycerol (DGDG) and low levels of the anionic lipids sulfoquinovosyldiacylglycerol (SQDG), phosphatidylglycerol (PG), and glucuronosyldiacylglycerol (GlcADG). The mostly extraplastidial lipid phosphatidylcholine is found only in the outer envelope. Chloroplasts are the major site for fatty acid synthesis

    更新日期:2020-04-21
  • Assembly of the Complexes of the Oxidative Phosphorylation System in Land Plant Mitochondria.
    Annu. Rev. Plant Biol. (IF 19.54) Pub Date : 2019-04-29
    Etienne H Meyer,Elina Welchen,Chris Carrie

    Plant mitochondria play a major role during respiration by producing the ATP required for metabolism and growth. ATP is produced during oxidative phosphorylation (OXPHOS), a metabolic pathway coupling electron transfer with ADP phosphorylation via the formation and release of a proton gradient across the inner mitochondrial membrane. The OXPHOS system is composed of large, multiprotein complexes coordinating

    更新日期:2020-04-21
  • From Bacteriophage to Plant Genetics.
    Annu. Rev. Plant Biol. (IF 19.54) Pub Date : 2019-04-29
    Barbara Hohn

    When first asked to write a review of my life as a scientist, I doubted anyone would be interested in reading it. In addition, I did not really want to compose my own memorial. However, after discussing the idea with other scientists who have written autobiographies, I realized that it might be fun to dig into my past and to reflect on what has been important for me, my life, my family, my friends

    更新日期:2020-04-21
  • Seed storage oil mobilization.
    Annu. Rev. Plant Biol. (IF 19.54) Pub Date : 2008-05-01
    Ian A Graham

    Storage oil mobilization starts with the onset of seed germination. Oil bodies packed with triacylglycerol (TAG) exist in close proximity with glyoxysomes, the single membrane-bound organelles that house most of the biochemical machinery required to convert fatty acids derived from TAG to 4-carbon compounds. The 4-carbon compounds in turn are converted to soluble sugars that are used to fuel seedling

    更新日期:2019-11-01
  • Mechanisms of salinity tolerance.
    Annu. Rev. Plant Biol. (IF 19.54) Pub Date : 2008-05-01
    Rana Munns,Mark Tester

    The physiological and molecular mechanisms of tolerance to osmotic and ionic components of salinity stress are reviewed at the cellular, organ, and whole-plant level. Plant growth responds to salinity in two phases: a rapid, osmotic phase that inhibits growth of young leaves, and a slower, ionic phase that accelerates senescence of mature leaves. Plant adaptations to salinity are of three distinct

    更新日期:2019-11-01
Contents have been reproduced by permission of the publishers.
导出
全部期刊列表>>
材料学研究精选
胸腔和胸部成像专题
自然科研论文编辑服务
ACS ES&T Engineering
ACS ES&T Water
屿渡论文,编辑服务
杨超勇
周一歌
华东师范大学
南京工业大学
清华大学
中科大
唐勇
跟Nature、Science文章学绘图
隐藏1h前已浏览文章
中洪博元
课题组网站
新版X-MOL期刊搜索和高级搜索功能介绍
ACS材料视界
x-mol收录
福州大学
南京大学
王杰
南科大
左智伟
湖南大学
清华大学
王小野
中山大学化学工程与技术学院
试剂库存
天合科研
down
wechat
bug