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  • Ordinary memory processes in the design of referring expressions
    J. Mem. Lang. (IF 3.893) Pub Date : 2020-11-23
    Kieran J. O’Shea; Caitlyn R. Martin; Dale J. Barr

    How do speakers produce referential descriptions that satisfy addressees’ informational needs during real-time conversation? A recent proposal is that ordinary memory processes can serve as a proxy for the consideration of common ground. But this is only possible if speakers encode and access sufficiently detailed memory representations. We tested this proposal by having speakers describe referents

    更新日期:2020-11-25
  • Calories count: Memory of eating is evolutionarily special
    J. Mem. Lang. (IF 3.893) Pub Date : 2020-11-20
    Benjamin M. Seitz; Aaron P. Blaisdell; A. Janet Tomiyama

    How well do we remember eating food? Some nutritional scientists have decried memory of eating as being highly unreliable (i.e. low in accuracy), but it is unclear if memory of eating is particularly worse than memory of other behaviors. In fact, evolutionary reasoning suggests the mammalian memory system might be biased towards enhanced memory of eating. We created a novel behavioral task to investigate

    更新日期:2020-11-21
  • The dissociations of confidence from accuracy in forced-choice recognition judgments
    J. Mem. Lang. (IF 3.893) Pub Date : 2020-11-20
    Maciej Hanczakowski; Ewa Butowska; C. Philip Beaman; Dylan M. Jones; Katarzyna Zawadzka

    Judgment of confidence in memory is likely to track memory accuracy if those factors shaping accuracy also shape confidence. In recognition memory, accuracy is determined by the relative level of evidence present for the target and that supporting the lures. As the discrepancy between targets and lures increases, so does the likelihood of correct responding. In contrast, this study shows that confidence

    更新日期:2020-11-21
  • Linguistic focus guides attention during the encoding and refreshing of working memory content
    J. Mem. Lang. (IF 3.893) Pub Date : 2020-11-18
    Tamás Káldi; Anna Babarczy

    Focus is a linguistic device that marks a piece of information within an utterance as most relevant, as when emphasis is placed by the speaker on a word using phonological stress, special intonation, or prosodic prominence. The question addressed in the present study is whether the use of linguistic focus is best seen as a means of directing the listener’s attention. We investigated attention allocation

    更新日期:2020-11-18
  • The relationship between sentence comprehension and lexical-semantic retuning
    J. Mem. Lang. (IF 3.893) Pub Date : 2020-11-08
    Rebecca A. Gilbert; Matthew H. Davis; M. Gareth Gaskell; Jennifer M. Rodd

    A single encounter with an ambiguous word (e.g. bark, ball) in the context of a less-frequent meaning (e.g. “Sally worried about how crowded the ball would be.”) can shift the later interpretation of the word toward the same subordinate meaning. This lexical-semantic retuning functions to improve future comprehension of ambiguous words. The present paper investigates the relationship between this form

    更新日期:2020-11-09
  • Monolingual and bilingual logical representations of quantificational scope: Evidence from priming in language comprehension
    J. Mem. Lang. (IF 3.893) Pub Date : 2020-11-02
    Mieke Sarah Slim; Peter Lauwers; Robert J. Hartsuiker

    A doubly quantified sentence, such as All hikers climbed a hill, allows two interpretations: Did all hikers climb different hills, or did they climb the same hill? Previous work has shown that comprehenders construct disambiguated logical representations of these interpretations (Raffray & Pickering, 2010). We extended this line of research by investigating whether bilingual logical representations

    更新日期:2020-11-02
  • The dependence of root extraction in a non-concatenated morphology on the word-specific orthographic context
    J. Mem. Lang. (IF 3.893) Pub Date : 2020-10-21
    Avital Deutsch; Hadas Velan; Yiska Merzbach; Tamar Michaly

    In Hebrew, as in other Semitic languages, most words are formed in a non-concatenated way, with a root morpheme embedded in a word-pattern morpheme consisting of only vowels or vowels plus consonants. Previous research on visual word recognition in Hebrew has revealed a robust morphological root-priming effect, with word recognition facilitated by the prior sub-perceptual presentation of the root morpheme

    更新日期:2020-10-30
  • Initial landing position effects on Chinese word learning in children and adults
    J. Mem. Lang. (IF 3.893) Pub Date : 2020-10-20
    Feifei Liang; Jie Ma; Xuejun Bai; Simon P. Liversedge

    We adopted a word learning paradigm to examine whether children and adults differ in their saccade targeting strategies when learning novel words in Chinese reading. Adopting a developmental perspective, we extrapolated hypotheses pertaining to saccadic targeting and its development from the Chinese Reading Model (Li & Pollatsek, 2020). In our experiment, we embedded novel words into eight sentences

    更新日期:2020-10-30
  • Word predictability effects are linear, not logarithmic: Implications for probabilistic models of sentence comprehension
    J. Mem. Lang. (IF 3.893) Pub Date : 2020-09-18
    Trevor Brothers, Gina R. Kuperberg

    During language comprehension, we routinely use information from the prior context to help identify the meaning of individual words. While measures of online processing difficulty, such as reading times, are strongly influenced by contextual predictability, there is disagreement about the mechanisms underlying this lexical predictability effect, with different models predicting different linking functions

    更新日期:2020-09-18
  • Sensorimotor and interoceptive dimensions in concrete and abstract concepts.
    J. Mem. Lang. (IF 3.893) Pub Date : 2020-09-16
    Caterina Villani,Luisa Lugli,Marco Tullio Liuzza,Roberto Nicoletti,Anna M Borghi

    Recent theories propose that abstract concepts, compared to concrete ones, might activate to a larger extent interoceptive, social and linguistic experiences. At the same time, recent research has underlined the importance of investigating how different sub-kinds of abstract concepts are represented. We report a pre-registered experiment, preceded by a pilot study, in which we asked participants to

    更新日期:2020-09-16
  • Syllable and letter similarity effects in Korean: Insights from the Korean Lexicon Project
    J. Mem. Lang. (IF 3.893) Pub Date : 2020-09-14
    Cynthia S.Q. Siew, Kwangoh Yi, Chang H. Lee

    The Korean writing system, Hangul, is an alphabetic syllabary which permits a unique opportunity to investigate how both the syllabic and letter similarity structure of the Korean mental lexicon influences lexical processing. We capitalized on the availability of lexical decision behavioral data for thousands of Korean words, and the tools of network science to quantify the similarity structure of

    更新日期:2020-09-14
  • Morphemes as letter chunks: Discovering affixes through visual regularities
    J. Mem. Lang. (IF 3.893) Pub Date : 2020-09-10
    Jarosław R. Lelonkiewicz, Maria Ktori, Davide Crepaldi

    During visual word processing readers identify chunks of co-occurring letters and code for their typical position within words. Using an artificial script, we examined whether these phenomena can be explained by the ability to extract visual regularities from the environment. Participants were first familiarized with a lexicon of pseudoletter strings, each comprising an affix-like chunk that either

    更新日期:2020-09-10
  • Immediate sensorimotor grounding of novel concepts learned from language alone
    J. Mem. Lang. (IF 3.893) Pub Date : 2020-09-01
    Fritz Günther, Tri Nguyen, Lu Chen, Carolin Dudschig, Barbara Kaup, Arthur M. Glenberg

    Theories of grounded cognition postulate that concepts are grounded in sensorimotor experience. But how can that be for concepts like Atlantis for which we do not have that experience? We claim that such concepts obtain their sensorimotor grounding indirectly, via already-known concepts used to describe them. Participants learned novel words referring to up or down concepts (mende = enhanced head or

    更新日期:2020-09-01
  • Rethinking bilingual enhancement effects in associative learning of foreign language vocabulary: The role of proficiency in the mediating language
    J. Mem. Lang. (IF 3.893) Pub Date : 2020-08-24
    Naoko Tsuboi, Wendy S. Francis

    The present study investigated claims that learning vocabulary in an unfamiliar language is more efficient in bilinguals than in monolinguals and the possible effects of language proficiency and dominance. In Experiment 1, monolingual (n = 48) and bilingual participants (n = 96) learned Japanese words paired with English translations and completed cued-recall and associative-recognition tests. Accuracy

    更新日期:2020-08-24
  • How does dialectal experience modulate anticipatory speech processing?
    J. Mem. Lang. (IF 3.893) Pub Date : 2020-08-20
    Xiaoqing Li, Guiqin Ren, Yuanyi Zheng, Yiya Chen

    Context-based predictions facilitate speech processing. However, details of predictive processing mechanisms and how factors like language experience shape facilitative processing remain debated. This electroencephalograph study aimed to shed light on these issues by investigating the effect of dialectal experience on lexical prediction. Stimulus sentences were produced in three Mandarin Chinese dialects

    更新日期:2020-08-20
  • How emotion is learned: Semantic learning of novel words in emotional contexts
    J. Mem. Lang. (IF 3.893) Pub Date : 2020-08-14
    Bryor Snefjella, Nadia Lana, Victor Kuperman

    The present paper addresses two under-studied dimensions of novel word learning. We ask (a) whether originally meaningless novel words can acquire emotional connotations from their linguistic contexts, and (b) whether these acquired connotations can affect the quality of orthographic and semantic word learning and its retention over time. In five experiments using three stimuli sets, L1 speakers of

    更新日期:2020-08-14
  • Indirect associations in learning semantic and syntactic lexical relationships
    J. Mem. Lang. (IF 3.893) Pub Date : 2020-08-13
    M.A. Kelly, Moojan Ghafurian, Robert L. West, David Reitter

    Computational models of distributional semantics (a.k.a. word embeddings) represent a word’s meaning in terms of its relationships with all other words. We examine what grammatical information is encoded in distributional models and investigate the role of indirect associations. Distributional models are sensitive to associations between words at one degree of separation, such as ‘tiger’ and ‘stripes’

    更新日期:2020-08-13
  • Reanalysis and lingering misinterpretation of linguistic dependencies in native and non-native sentence comprehension
    J. Mem. Lang. (IF 3.893) Pub Date : 2020-08-11
    Hiroki Fujita, Ian Cunnings

    Research on temporarily ambiguous “garden-path” sentences (e.g., After Mary dressed the baby laughed) has shown that initially assigned misinterpretations linger after reanalysis of the temporarily ambiguous phrase in both native (L1) and non-native (L2) readers. L2 speakers have particular difficulty with reanalysis, but the source of this L1/L2 difference is debated. Furthermore, how lingering misinterpretation

    更新日期:2020-08-11
  • Integrating statistical learning into cognitive science
    J. Mem. Lang. (IF 3.893) Pub Date : 2020-08-11
    Louisa Bogaerts, Ram Frost, Morten H. Christiansen

    Over the last two decades statistical learning (SL) has evolved into a key explanatory mechanism underlying the incidental learning of regularities across different domains of cognition, such as language, visual and auditory perception, and memory. Yet SL has mainly been investigated as an independent research area, separated from the primary study of the relevant cognitive domains. The aim of this

    更新日期:2020-08-11
  • Production without rules: Using an instance memory model to exploit structure in natural language
    J. Mem. Lang. (IF 3.893) Pub Date : 2020-08-07
    Brendan T. Johns, Randall K. Jamieson, Matthew J.C. Crump, Michael N. Jones, D.J.K. Mewhort

    Recent research in the artificial grammar learning literature has shown that a simple instance model of memory can account for a wide variety of artificial grammar results (Jamieson & Mewhort, 2009, 2010, 2011), indicating that language processing may have more in common with episodic memory than previously thought. These results have been used to develop new instance models of natural language processing

    更新日期:2020-08-07
  • Norming retrieval processes
    J. Mem. Lang. (IF 3.893) Pub Date : 2020-08-05
    C.J. Brainerd, D.M. Bialer, M. Chang

    There is a long tradition of norming words and other materials for various descriptive properties (e.g., concreteness, emotional valence, imagery, meaningfulness), which allows those properties to be manipulated in memory experiments. We introduce a new approach to norming, in which measurement models are used to norm the underlying retrieval processes that memory items trigger. We report two worked

    更新日期:2020-08-05
  • MINERVA-DE: An instance model of the deficient processing theory
    J. Mem. Lang. (IF 3.893) Pub Date : 2020-08-04
    Robert N. Collins, Bruce Milliken, Randall K. Jamieson

    This article focuses on a novel recognition memory effect reported recently: better recognition at test for a word seen once than for a word seen twice at study (Rosner, López-Benítez, D'Angelo, Thomson, & Milliken, 2018; Collins, Rosner, & Milliken, 2018). Collins et al. (2018) suggested that the repetition decrement effect results from temporary, familiarity-mediated shifts in exogenous attention

    更新日期:2020-08-04
  • Retrieval processes and audience design
    J. Mem. Lang. (IF 3.893) Pub Date : 2020-07-24
    S. Ahn, S. Brown-Schmidt

    Conversational partners develop shared knowledge. In referential communication tasks, partners collaboratively establish brief labels for hard-to-name images. These image-label mappings are associated in memory with that partner, evidenced by use of those brief labels with the same partner, and longer descriptions with new partners. According to the people-as-contexts view, the conversational partner

    更新日期:2020-07-24
  • Does retrieval potentiate new learning when retrieval stops but new learning continues?
    J. Mem. Lang. (IF 3.893) Pub Date : 2020-07-24
    Jason C.K. Chan, Krista D. Manley, Dahwi Ahn

    Performing retrieval practice of previously studied material can enhance subsequent learning of new material. This potentiating effect of interpolated testing has been extensively investigated in multi-list learning paradigms. However, extant studies in this literature have manipulated interpolated testing in a binary manner, such that participants either took a test after every list or they are not

    更新日期:2020-07-24
  • Reading the written language environment: Learning orthographic structure from statistical regularities
    J. Mem. Lang. (IF 3.893) Pub Date : 2020-07-16
    Teresa Marie Schubert, Trevor Cohen, Simon Fischer-Baum

    Statistical regularities in the environment impact cognition across domains. In semantics, distributional approaches posit that similarity between words can be derived from regularities of the contexts in which they appear. Here, we study how regularities in written text impact readers’ knowledge about orthography: Can similarity between characters be learned from the written environment? Adapting

    更新日期:2020-07-16
  • The linguistic looming effect
    J. Mem. Lang. (IF 3.893) Pub Date : 2020-07-07
    Antonio M. Díez-Álamo, Arthur M. Glenberg, Emiliano Díez, María A. Alonso, Angel Fernandez

    We describe a new phenomenon related to language comprehension and memory: the Linguistic Looming Effect (LLE). The perceptual looming bias is the finding that objects approaching the self grab attention and generate quick adaptive action, such as avoidance of the object (Neuhoff, 2018). The LLE is the finding that sentences that describe concrete objects or abstract entities moving toward the self

    更新日期:2020-07-07
  • Delineating linguistic contexts, and the validity of context diversity as a measure of a word's contextual variability
    J. Mem. Lang. (IF 3.893) Pub Date : 2020-07-07
    Geoff Hollis

    Research that has compared the predictive validities of word frequency (WF) and contextual diversity (CD) in lexical processing tasks has generally found that CD accounts for more unique variance than does WF. After CD's variance has been accounted for, WF accounts for little or none of the remaining variance in lexical processing times. This has led some researchers to conclude that the concept CD

    更新日期:2020-07-07
  • Anticipating causes and consequences
    J. Mem. Lang. (IF 3.893) Pub Date : 2020-06-30
    Alan Garnham, Scarlett Child, Sam Hutton

    Two visual world eye-tracking experiments investigated anticipatory looks to implicit causes and implicit consequences in two clause sentences with mental state verbs (Stimulus-Experiencer and Experiencer-Stimulus) in the first main clause, and an explicit cause or consequence in the second. The first experiment showed that, just as when all continuations are causes, people look early at the implicit

    更新日期:2020-06-30
  • Taking another perspective on overconfidence in cognitive ability: A comparison of self and other metacognitive judgments
    J. Mem. Lang. (IF 3.893) Pub Date : 2020-06-18
    Robert Tirso, Lisa Geraci

    People are often overconfident in their own cognitive abilities. We investigated whether overconfidence extends to judgments from or about other people, and tested various competing theories of this relationship. Across six studies using various methods and contexts, results showed that people were more confident in others’ cognitive abilities than in their own. This pattern of results occurred in

    更新日期:2020-06-18
  • Individual differences in learning the regularities between orthography, phonology and semantics predict early reading skills.
    J. Mem. Lang. (IF 3.893) Pub Date : 2020-06-07
    Noam Siegelman,Jay G Rueckl,Laura M Steacy,Stephen J Frost,Mark van den Bunt,Jason D Zevin,Mark S Seidenberg,Kenneth R Pugh,Donald L Compton,Robin D Morris

    Statistical views of literacy development maintain that proficient reading requires the assimilation of myriad statistical regularities present in the writing system. Indeed, previous studies have tied statistical learning (SL) abilities to reading skills, establishing the existence of a link between the two. However, some issues are currently left unanswered, including questions regarding the underlying

    更新日期:2020-06-07
  • When less is more: Enhanced statistical learning of non-adjacent dependencies after disruption of bilateral DLPFC
    J. Mem. Lang. (IF 3.893) Pub Date : 2020-06-05
    Géza Gergely Ambrus, Teodóra Vékony, Karolina Janacsek, Anna B.C. Trimborn, Gyula Kovács, Dezso Nemeth

    Brain networks related to human learning can interact in cooperative but also competitive ways to optimize performance. The investigation of learning and memory processes in a competitive framework is still rare. Previous studies have shown that manipulations reducing the engagement of prefrontal cortical areas could lead to improved statistical learning performance. However, no study has investigated

    更新日期:2020-06-05
  • What did we learn from forty years of research on semantic interference? A Bayesian meta-analysis
    J. Mem. Lang. (IF 3.893) Pub Date : 2020-06-05
    Audrey Bürki, Shereen Elbuy, Sylvain Madec, Shravan Vasishth

    When participants in an experiment have to name pictures while ignoring distractor words superimposed on the picture or presented auditorily (i.e., picture-word interference paradigm), they take more time when the word to be named (or target) and distractor words are from the same semantic category (e.g., cat-dog). This experimental effect is known as the semantic interference effect, and is probably

    更新日期:2020-06-05
  • Lexical entrainment without conceptual pacts? Revisiting the matching task
    J. Mem. Lang. (IF 3.893) Pub Date : 2020-05-28
    Adrian Bangerter, Eric Mayor, Dominique Knutsen

    Conversational partners who repeatedly refer to the same objects require less and less collaborative effort to do so. This is due to lexical entrainment, the fact that they come to re-use the same words. Lexical entrainment may reflect the elaboration of conceptual pacts, partner-specific agreements about how to name objects which belong to the conversational partners’ common ground. Can lexical entrainment

    更新日期:2020-05-28
  • The role of retrieval during study: Evidence of reminding from overt rehearsal
    J. Mem. Lang. (IF 3.893) Pub Date : 2020-05-25
    Geoffrey L. McKinley, Aaron S. Benjamin

    Reminding occurs when a stimulus being studied elicits a spontaneous retrieval of a previously-studied stimulus, an event that is more likely to occur when the two stimuli are related in some way. One consequence of reminding is enhanced recall for a word when followed by a related word later in the study list (i.e., the reminding effect; Tullis, Benjamin, & Ross, 2014). However, it is difficult to

    更新日期:2020-05-25
  • A story about statistical learning in a story: Regularities impact eye movements during book reading
    J. Mem. Lang. (IF 3.893) Pub Date : 2020-05-12
    Joshua Snell, Jan Theeuwes

    A wealth of research attests to the key role of statistical learning in the acquisition and execution of skilled reading. Little is known, however, about how regularities impact the way readers navigate through their linguistic environment. While previous studies have mostly gauged the recognition of single words, oculomotor processes are likely influenced by multiple words at once. With these premises

    更新日期:2020-05-12
  • Bilingual novel word learning in sentence contexts: Effects of semantic and language variation
    J. Mem. Lang. (IF 3.893) Pub Date : 2020-05-06
    Justin Lauro, Ana I. Schwartz, Wendy S. Francis

    Research on word learning demonstrates that meanings of novel words are better recalled when those words are encountered in a variety of semantic contexts than when encountered in the same repeated context. The present study examines how semantic and non-semantic contextual variations in word learning encounters impact learning the meanings of novel words. Across two experiments, highly proficient

    更新日期:2020-05-06
  • Nonlinear effects of spatial connectedness implicate hierarchically structured representations in visual working memory
    J. Mem. Lang. (IF 3.893) Pub Date : 2020-04-23
    Błażej Skrzypulec, Adam Chuderski

    Five experiments investigated the role of spatial connectedness between a pair of objects presented in the change detection task for the actual capacity of visual working memory (VWM) in healthy young adults (total N = 405). Three experiments yielded a surprising nonlinear relationship between the proportion of pair-wise connected objects and capacity, with the highest capacity observed for homogenous

    更新日期:2020-04-23
  • How top-down processing enhances comprehension of noise-vocoded speech: Predictions about meaning are more important than predictions about form
    J. Mem. Lang. (IF 3.893) Pub Date : 2020-03-26
    Ruth E. Corps, Hugh Rabagliati

    Listeners quickly learn to understand speech that has been distorted, and this process is enhanced when comprehension is constrained by higher-level knowledge. In three experiments, we investigated whether this knowledge enhances comprehension of distorted speech because it allows listeners to predict (1) the meaning of the distorted utterance, or (2) the lower-level wordforms. Participants listened

    更新日期:2020-03-26
  • Video context-dependent effects in recognition memory
    J. Mem. Lang. (IF 3.893) Pub Date : 2020-03-05
    Takeo Isarida, Toshiko K. Isarida, Takayuki Kubota, Saki Nakajima, Kosei Yagi, Aoi Yamamoto, Miyoko Higuma

    The present study investigated how video-dependent recognition is influenced by context load (number of items presented per context), the sequence of context presentation (successive or shuffled presentation of short video contexts), and item cue strength (length of study time). In addition, the effects of background photographs selected from still images of the video contexts were also investigated

    更新日期:2020-03-05
  • The origins of backward priming effects in logographic scripts for four-character words
    J. Mem. Lang. (IF 3.893) Pub Date : 2020-02-28
    Huilan Yang, Yasushi Hino, Jingjun Chen, Masahiro Yoshihara, Mariko Nakayama, Junyi Xue, Stephen J. Lupker

    Yang, Chen, Spinelli, and Lupker (2019) reported a large masked priming effect in a Chinese lexical-decision task using prime-target pairs in which the primes were presented in a backward (right-to-left) orientation (e.g., 说来的总-总的来说) (a “backward” priming effect). The question addressed here is whether this effect is truly an orthographic priming effect or is, to some degree, morphologically/meaning-

    更新日期:2020-02-28
  • To catch a Snitch: Brain potentials reveal variability in the functional organization of (fictional) world knowledge during reading
    J. Mem. Lang. (IF 3.893) Pub Date : 2020-02-25
    Melissa Troyer, Marta Kutas

    We harnessed the temporal sensitivity of event-related brain potentials (ERPs) alongside individual differences in Harry Potter (HP) knowledge to investigate the extent to which the availability and timing of information relevant for real-time written word processing are influenced by variation in domain knowledge. We manipulated meaningful (category, event) relationships between sentence fragments

    更新日期:2020-02-25
  • Priming effects on subsequent episodic memory: Testing attentional accounts
    J. Mem. Lang. (IF 3.893) Pub Date : 2020-02-25
    Alexander J. Kaula, Richard N. Henson

    Prior work has shown that priming improves subsequent episodic memory, i.e., memory for the context in which an item is presented is improved if that item has been seen previously. We previously attributed this effect of “Priming on Subsequent Episodic Memory” (PSEM) to a sharpening of the perceptual/conceptual representation of an item, which improves its associability with an (arbitrary) background

    更新日期:2020-02-25
  • How semantic processing affects recognition memory
    J. Mem. Lang. (IF 3.893) Pub Date : 2020-02-21
    Michael S. Humphreys, Yanqi Ryan Li, Jennifer S. Burt, Shayne Loft

    Memory researchers acknowledge the importance of semantic processing in recognition and recall, but there is a significant disconnect from the literature that addresses how to conceptualize words. We use the lexical literature to ask more analytic questions about the effects of semantic processing on memory. A prospective memory task requiring the initiation of a semantic search that was imposed during

    更新日期:2020-02-21
  • Is buttercup a kind of cup? Hyponymy and semantic transparency in compound words
    J. Mem. Lang. (IF 3.893) Pub Date : 2020-02-20
    Christina L. Gagné, Thomas L. Spalding, Patricia Spicer, Dixie Wong, Beatriz Rubio, Karen Perez Cruz

    Hyponymy is a semantic relation of class inclusion (e.g., a cat is an animal; a wildcat is a cat). Compound words are often, but not always, in a hyponymic relationship with the second constituent of the compound, as in wildcat and cat. This paper introduces a set of human ratings of hyponymy for over 2500 English compound words, which will facilitate research on the role of hyponymy in compound word

    更新日期:2020-02-20
  • Language-specific prosodic acquisition: A comparison of phrase boundary perception by French- and German-learning infants
    J. Mem. Lang. (IF 3.893) Pub Date : 2020-02-19
    Sandrien van Ommen, Natalie Boll-Avetisyan, Saioa Larraza, Caroline Wellmann, Ranka Bijeljac-Babic, Barbara Höhle, Thierry Nazzi

    This study compares the development of prosodic processing in French- and German-learning infants. The emergence of language-specific perception of phrase boundaries was directly tested using the same stimuli across these two languages. French-learning (Experiment 1, 2) and German-learning 6- and 8-month-olds (Experiment 3) listened to the same French noun sequences with or without major prosodic boundaries

    更新日期:2020-02-19
  • Does case marking affect agreement attraction in comprehension?
    J. Mem. Lang. (IF 3.893) Pub Date : 2020-02-14
    Serine Avetisyan, Sol Lago, Shravan Vasishth

    Previous studies have suggested that distinctive case marking on noun phrases reduces attraction effects in production, i.e., the tendency to produce a verb that agrees with a nonsubject noun. An important open question is whether attraction effects are modulated by case information in sentence comprehension. To address this question, we conducted three attraction experiments in Armenian, a language

    更新日期:2020-02-14
  • Semantic transparency is not invisibility: A computational model of perceptually-grounded conceptual combination in word processing
    J. Mem. Lang. (IF 3.893) Pub Date : 2020-02-12
    Fritz Günther, Marco Alessandro Petilli, Marco Marelli

    Previous studies found that an automatic meaning-composition process affects the processing of morphologically complex words, and related this operation to conceptual combination. However, research on embodied cognition demonstrates that concepts are more than just lexical meanings, rather being also grounded in perceptual experience. Therefore, perception-based information should also be involved

    更新日期:2020-02-12
  • A computational approach to the revelation effect
    J. Mem. Lang. (IF 3.893) Pub Date : 2020-02-10
    Martin Brandt, André Aßfalg, Ann-Kathrin Zaiser, Daniel M. Bernstein

    Interrupting a sequence of episodic recognition decisions by a problem-solving task will change the hit and false alarm rate for the following item in a recognition test (Watkins & Peynircioglu, 1990). The mechanisms of this revelation effect have not yet been understood completely. We offer a new explanation based on the global matching model MINERVA 2 (Hintzman, 1984, 1986, 1988). The main mechanism

    更新日期:2020-02-10
  • Explaining complementarity in false memory
    J. Mem. Lang. (IF 3.893) Pub Date : 2020-02-09
    C.J. Brainerd, K. Nakamura, Y.A. Murtaza

    Complementarity is a paradoxical phenomenon in which memory for incompatible reality states (e.g., old vs. new) violates basic logical constraints: Subjects remember certain groups of items as belonging to both of two incompatible states at reliable levels. The theoretical principle that predicts this phenomenon, non-compensatory gist memory, also predicts a more stringent form in which individual

    更新日期:2020-02-09
  • Best practice guidance for linear mixed-effects models in psychological science
    J. Mem. Lang. (IF 3.893) Pub Date : 2020-01-29
    Lotte Meteyard, Robert A.I. Davies

    The use of Linear Mixed-effects Models (LMMs) is set to dominate statistical analyses in psychological science and may become the default approach to analyzing quantitative data. The rapid growth in adoption of LMMs has been matched by a proliferation of differences in practice. Unless this diversity is recognized, and checked, the field shall reap enormous difficulties in the future when attempts

    更新日期:2020-01-29
  • Visual working memory capacity is limited by two systems that change across lifespan
    J. Mem. Lang. (IF 3.893) Pub Date : 2020-01-24
    Anka Slana Ozimič, Grega Repovš

    To better understand the sources of visual working memory limitations we explore the possibility that its capacity is limited by two systems: a representational system that enables formation of independent representations of visual objects, and an active maintenance system that enables sustained activation of the established representations in the absence of external stimuli. A total of 392 participants

    更新日期:2020-01-24
  • Cues to stress in English spelling
    J. Mem. Lang. (IF 3.893) Pub Date : 2020-01-21
    Rebecca Treiman, Nicole Rosales, Lauren Cusner, Brett Kessler

    How do skilled readers of English decide which syllable of a word to stress? In four behavioral studies, we examined this issue using disyllabic nonwords that varied in number of initial and final consonants. The tasks included oral reading of sentences that contained the nonwords, pronunciation of isolated nonwords, and metalinguistic judgments about stress. Contrary to the influential view within

    更新日期:2020-01-21
  • Long-lasting gradient activation of referents during spoken language processing
    J. Mem. Lang. (IF 3.893) Pub Date : 2020-01-09
    J. Benjamin Falandays, Sarah Brown-Schmidt, Joseph C. Toscano

    During speech processing, listeners must map a fundamentally continuous acoustic signal onto discrete symbols, such as words. A current debate concerns the time-course over which sub-phonemic (i.e., gradient) acoustic information continues to influence symbolic (i.e., linguistic) interpretation, which can provide evidence regarding the level of representation at which gradient information is maintained

    更新日期:2020-01-09
  • Translation equivalent and cross-language semantic priming in bilingual toddlers
    J. Mem. Lang. (IF 3.893) Pub Date : 2020-01-09
    Caroline Floccia, Claire Delle Luche, Irina Lepadatu, Janette Chow, Paul Ratnage, Kim Plunkett

    In adult bilinguals, a word in one language will activate a related word in the other language, with language dominance modulating the direction of these effects. To determine whether the early bilingual lexicon possesses similar properties to its adult counterpart, two experiments compared translation equivalent priming and cross-linguistic semantic priming in 27-month-old bilingual toddlers learning

    更新日期:2020-01-09
  • Effects of chronological age on native and nonnative sentence processing: Evidence from subject-verb agreement in German
    J. Mem. Lang. (IF 3.893) Pub Date : 2020-01-06
    Jana Reifegerste, Rebecca Jarvis, Claudia Felser

    While much attention has been devoted to the cognition of aging multilingual individuals, little is known about how age affects their grammatical processing. We assessed subject-verb number-agreement processing in sixty native (L1) and sixty non-native (L2) speakers of German (age: 18–84) using a binary-choice sentence-completion task, along with various individual-differences tests. Our results revealed

    更新日期:2020-01-06
  • Are graphemic effects real in skilled visual word recognition?
    J. Mem. Lang. (IF 3.893) Pub Date : 2019-12-17
    Fabienne Chetail

    In the last decades, repeated evidence for graphemic effects has been reported in skilled readers. For example, a letter is more easily detected in a word when it corresponds to a simple grapheme (e.g., A in PLACE) than when it is embedded in a complex one (e.g., A in BEACH). Such effects have been taken as a demonstration that graphemes are processed as perceptual units by the reading system. However

    更新日期:2019-12-17
  • Adaptive use of semantic representations and phonological representations in verbal memory maintenance
    J. Mem. Lang. (IF 3.893) Pub Date : 2019-12-17
    Ryoji Nishiyama

    Findings from serial recall tasks, such as a recall disadvantage for long words (known as the word length effect or WLE), have suggested that individuals rely on phonological representations to perform immediate serial order recall of words. Findings from synonym recognition tasks suggest that individuals can also use semantic representations in immediate memory. This leads to the idea that individuals

    更新日期:2019-12-17
  • Maze Made Easy: Better and easier measurement of incremental processing difficulty
    J. Mem. Lang. (IF 3.893) Pub Date : 2019-12-10
    Veronica Boyce, Richard Futrell, Roger P. Levy

    Behavioral measures of incremental language comprehension difficulty form a crucial part of the empirical basis of psycholinguistics. The two most common methods for obtaining these measures have significant limitations: eye tracking studies are resource-intensive, and self-paced reading can yield noisy data with poor localization. These limitations are even more severe for web-based crowdsourcing

    更新日期:2019-12-10
  • Interference patterns in subject-verb agreement and reflexives revisited: A large-sample study
    J. Mem. Lang. (IF 3.893) Pub Date : 2019-12-10
    Lena A. Jäger, Daniela Mertzen, Julie A. Van Dyke, Shravan Vasishth

    Cue-based retrieval theories in sentence processing predict two classes of interference effect: (i) Inhibitory interference is predicted when multiple items match a retrieval cue: cue-overloading leads to an overall slowdown in reading time; and (ii) Facilitatory interference arises when a retrieval target as well as a distractor only partially match the retrieval cues; this partial matching leads

    更新日期:2019-12-10
  • Scalar bounds and expected values of comparatively modified numerals
    J. Mem. Lang. (IF 3.893) Pub Date : 2019-12-04
    Christoph Hesse, Anton Benz

    Speakers routinely employ world knowledge to draw scalar implicatures in numerals. For instance, in the context of ‘an exceptionally hot summer’, speakers will use their knowledge of average summer temperatures and record temperatures to construct a range of potential values. However, it is not clear how they do so when they do not have strong expectations or context is less informative. 1270 adult

    更新日期:2019-12-04
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