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  • Resource-rational analysis: Understanding human cognition as the optimal use of limited computational resources
    Behav. Brain. Sci. (IF 17.194) Pub Date : 2019-02-04
    Falk Lieder; Thomas L. Griffiths

    Modeling human cognition is challenging because there are infinitely many mechanisms that can generate any given observation. Some researchers address this by constraining the hypothesis space through assumptions about what the human mind can and cannot do, while others constrain it through principles of rationality and adaptation. Recent work in economics, psychology, neuroscience, and linguistics

    更新日期:2020-03-12
  • What are the appropriate axioms of rationality for reasoning under uncertainty with resource-constrained systems?
    Behav. Brain. Sci. (IF 17.194) Pub Date : 2020-03-11
    Harald Atmanspacher; Irina Basieva; Jerome R. Busemeyer; Andrei Y. Khrennikov; Emmanuel M. Pothos; Richard M. Shiffrin; Zheng Wang

    When constrained by limited resources, how do we choose axioms of rationality? The target article relies on Bayesian reasoning that encounter serious tractability problems. We propose another axiomatic foundation: quantum probability theory, which provides for less complex and more comprehensive descriptions. More generally, defining rationality in terms of axiomatic systems misses a key issue: rationality

    更新日期:2020-03-12
  • The importance of constraints on constraints
    Behav. Brain. Sci. (IF 17.194) Pub Date : 2020-03-11
    Christopher J. Bates; Chris R. Sims; Robert A. Jacobs

    The “resource-rational” approach is ambitious and worthwhile. A shortcoming of the proposed approach is that it fails to constrain what counts as a constraint. As a result, constraints used in different cognitive domains often have nothing in common. We describe an alternative framework that satisfies many of the desiderata of the resource-rational approach, but in a more disciplined manner.

    更新日期:2020-03-12
  • Optimal, resource-rational or sub-optimal? Insights from cognitive development
    Behav. Brain. Sci. (IF 17.194) Pub Date : 2020-03-11
    Vikranth R. Bejjanki; Richard N. Aslin

    We agree with the authors regarding the utility of viewing cognition as resulting from an optimal use of limited resources. Here, we advocate for extending this approach to the study of cognitive development, which we feel provides particularly powerful insight into the debate between bounded optimality and true sub-optimality, precisely because young children have limited computational and cognitive

    更新日期:2020-03-12
  • Resource-rationality as a normative standard of human rationality
    Behav. Brain. Sci. (IF 17.194) Pub Date : 2020-03-11
    Matteo Colombo

    Lieder and Griffiths introduce resource-rational analysis as a methodological device for the empirical study of the mind. But they also suggest resource-rationality serves as a normative standard to reassess the limits and scope of human rationality. Although the methodological status of resource-rational analysis is convincing, its normative status is not.

    更新日期:2020-03-12
  • Another claim for cognitive history
    Behav. Brain. Sci. (IF 17.194) Pub Date : 2020-03-11
    Henry M. Cowles; Jamie Kreiner

    History can help refine the resource-rational model by uncovering how cultural and cognitive forces act together to shape decision-making. Specifically, history reveals how the meanings of key terms like “problem” and “solution” shift over time. Studying choices in their cultural contexts illuminates how changing perceptions of the decision-making process affect how choices are made on the ground.

    更新日期:2020-03-12
  • Computational limits don't fully explain human cognitive limitations
    Behav. Brain. Sci. (IF 17.194) Pub Date : 2020-03-11
    Ernest S. Davis; Gary F. Marcus

    The project of justifying all the limits and failings of human cognition as inevitable consequences of strategies that are actually “optimal” relative to the limits on computational resources available may have some value, but it is far from a complete explanation. It is inconsistent with both common observation and a large body of experimentation, and it is of limited use in explaining human cognition

    更新日期:2020-03-12
  • Uncovering cognitive constraints is the bottleneck in resource-rational analysis
    Behav. Brain. Sci. (IF 17.194) Pub Date : 2020-03-11
    Cvetomir Dimov

    A major constraint in resource-rational analysis is cognitive resources. Yet, uncovering the nature of individual components of the human mind has progressed slowly, because even the simplest behavior is a function of most (if not all) of the mind. Accelerating our understanding of the mind's structure requires more efforts in developing cognitive architectures.

    更新日期:2020-03-12
  • Resource-rationality beyond individual minds: the case of interactive language use
    Behav. Brain. Sci. (IF 17.194) Pub Date : 2020-03-11
    Mark Dingemanse

    Resource-rational approaches offer much promise for understanding human cognition, especially if they can reach beyond the confines of individual minds. Language allows people to transcend individual resource limitations by augmenting computation and enabling distributed cognition. Interactive language use, an environment where social rational agents routinely deal with resource constraints together

    更新日期:2020-03-12
  • Generalization of the resource-rationality principle to neural control of goal-directed movements
    Behav. Brain. Sci. (IF 17.194) Pub Date : 2020-03-11
    Natalia Dounskaia; Yury P. Shimansky

    We review evidence that the resource-rationality principle generalizes to human movement control. Optimization of the use of limited neurocomputational resources is described by the inclusion of the “neurocomputational cost” of sensory information processing and decision making in the optimality criterion of movement control. A resulting tendency to decrease this cost can account for various phenomena

    更新日期:2020-03-12
  • Holistic resource-rational analysis
    Behav. Brain. Sci. (IF 17.194) Pub Date : 2020-03-11
    Julia Haas; Colin Klein

    We argue that Lieder and Griffiths’ method for analyzing rational process models cannot capture an important constraint on resource allocation, which is competition between different processes for shared resources (Klein 2018, Biology and Philosophy33:36). We suggest that holistic interactions between processes on at least three different timescales – episodic, developmental, and evolutionary – must

    更新日期:2020-03-12
  • Heuristics and the naturalistic fallacy
    Behav. Brain. Sci. (IF 17.194) Pub Date : 2020-03-11
    Christopher J. Kalbach

    Lieder and Griffith's account of resource-rationality relies heavily on a notion of teleology. In this commentary, I criticize their teleocentric view as being incompatible with evolutionary theory, in which they aim to ground their analysis. As such, to save their view, I argue that they must jettison the notion of teleology, and their teleologically laden conclusions.

    更新日期:2020-03-12
  • The biology of emotion is missing
    Behav. Brain. Sci. (IF 17.194) Pub Date : 2020-03-11
    Katherine Peil Kauffman

    Although augmenting rational models with cognitive constraints is long overdue, the emotional system – our innately evaluative “affective” constraints – is missing from the model. Factoring in the informational nature of emotional perception, its explicit self-regulatory functional logic, and the predictable pitfalls of its hardwired behavioral responses (including a maladaptive form of “identity management”)

    更新日期:2020-03-12
  • Cognitively bounded rational analyses and the crucial role of theories of subjective utility
    Behav. Brain. Sci. (IF 17.194) Pub Date : 2020-03-11
    Richard L. Lewis; Andrew Howes

    We agree that combining rational analysis with cognitive bounds, what we previously introduced as Cognitively Bounded Rational Analysis, is a promising and under-used methodology in psychology. We further situate the framework in the literature, and highlight the important issue of a theory of subjective utility, which is not addressed sufficiently clearly in the framework or related previous work

    更新日期:2020-03-12
  • Multiple conceptions of resource rationality
    Behav. Brain. Sci. (IF 17.194) Pub Date : 2020-03-11
    Wei Ji Ma; Michael Woodford

    Resource rationality holds great promise as a unifying principle across theories in neuroscience, cognitive science, and economics. The target article clearly lays out this potential for unification. However, resource-rational models are more diverse and less easily unified than might appear from the target article. Here, we explore some of that diversity.

    更新日期:2020-03-12
  • Can resources save rationality? “Anti-Bayesian” updating in cognition and perception
    Behav. Brain. Sci. (IF 17.194) Pub Date : 2020-03-11
    Eric Mandelbaum; Isabel Won; Steven Gross; Chaz Firestone

    Resource rationality may explain suboptimal patterns of reasoning; but what of “anti-Bayesian” effects where the mind updates in a direction opposite the one it should? We present two phenomena – belief polarization and the size-weight illusion – that are not obviously explained by performance- or resource-based constraints, nor by the authors’ brief discussion of reference repulsion. Can resource

    更新日期:2020-03-12
  • Towards a quantum-like cognitive architecture for decision-making
    Behav. Brain. Sci. (IF 17.194) Pub Date : 2020-03-11
    Catarina Moreira; Lauren Fell; Shahram Dehdashti; Peter Bruza; Andreas Wichert

    We propose an alternative and unifying framework for decision-making that, by using quantum mechanics, provides more generalised cognitive and decision models with the ability to represent more information compared to classical models. This framework can accommodate and predict several cognitive biases reported in Lieder & Griffiths without heavy reliance on heuristics or on assumptions of the computational

    更新日期:2020-03-12
  • Opportunities and challenges integrating resource-rational analysis with developmental perspectives
    Behav. Brain. Sci. (IF 17.194) Pub Date : 2020-03-11
    Kimele Persaud; Ilona Bass; Joseph Colantonio; Carla Macias; Elizabeth Bonawitz

    Lieder and Griffiths present the computational framework “resource-rational analysis” to address the reverse-engineering problem in cognition. Here we discuss how developmental psychology affords a unique and critical opportunity to employ this framework, but which is overlooked in this piece. We describe how developmental change provides an avenue for ongoing work as well as inspiration for expansion

    更新日期:2020-03-12
  • Resource-rational analysis versus resource-rational humans
    Behav. Brain. Sci. (IF 17.194) Pub Date : 2020-03-11
    Dobromir Rahnev

    Lieder and Griffiths advocate for resource-rational analysis as a methodological device employed by the experimenter. However, at times this methodological device appears to morph into the substantive claim that humans are actually resource-rational. Such morphing is problematic; the methodological approach used by the experimenter and claims about the nature of human behavior ought to be kept completely

    更新日期:2020-03-12
  • Resource-rationality and dynamic coupling of brains and social environments
    Behav. Brain. Sci. (IF 17.194) Pub Date : 2020-03-11
    Don Ross

    Leider and Griffiths clarify the basis for unification between mechanism-driven and solution-driven disciplines and methodologies in cognitive science. But, two outstanding issues arise for their model of resource-rationality: human brains co-process information with their environments, rather than merely adapt to them; and this is expressed in methodological differences between disciplines that complicate

    更新日期:2020-03-12
  • Opportunities for emotion and mental health research in the resource-rationality framework
    Behav. Brain. Sci. (IF 17.194) Pub Date : 2020-03-11
    Evan M. Russek; Rani Moran; Daniel McNamee; Andrea Reiter; Yunzhe Liu; Raymond J. Dolan; Quentin J.M. Huys

    We discuss opportunities in applying the resource-rationality framework toward answering questions in emotion and mental health research. These opportunities rely on characterization of individual differences in cognitive strategies; an endeavor that may be at odds with the normative approach outlined in the target article. We consider ways individual differences might enter the framework and the translational

    更新日期:2020-03-12
  • Sampling as a resource-rational constraint
    Behav. Brain. Sci. (IF 17.194) Pub Date : 2020-03-11
    Adam N. Sanborn; Jianqiao Zhu; Jake Spicer; Nick Chater

    Resource rationality is useful for choosing between models with the same cognitive constraints but cannot settle fundamental disagreements about what those constraints are. We argue that sampling is an especially compelling constraint, as optimizing accumulation of evidence or hypotheses minimizes the cost of time, and there are well-established models for doing so which have had tremendous success

    更新日期:2020-03-12
  • The evolutionary foundations of resource-rational analysis
    Behav. Brain. Sci. (IF 17.194) Pub Date : 2020-03-11
    Armin W. Schulz

    Resource-rational analysis would profit from being integrated more explicitly with an evolutionary psychological perspective. In particular, by taking more strongly into consideration the fact that efficiency considerations are a key driver of the evolution of human and animal minds, it becomes clearer: (1) why it is reasonable to assume that cognitive mechanisms trade-off accuracy against effort,

    更新日期:2020-03-12
  • Representing utility and deploying the body
    Behav. Brain. Sci. (IF 17.194) Pub Date : 2020-03-11
    David Spurrett

    Comprehensive accounts of resource-rational attempts to maximise utility shouldn't ignore the demands of constructing utility representations. This can be onerous when, as in humans, there are many rewarding modalities. Another thing best not ignored is the processing demands of making functional activity out of the many degrees of freedom of a body. The target article is almost silent on both.

    更新日期:2020-03-12
  • What is the purpose of cognition?
    Behav. Brain. Sci. (IF 17.194) Pub Date : 2020-03-11
    Aba Szollosi; Ben R. Newell

    The purpose of human cognition depends on the problem people try to solve. Defining the purpose is difficult, because people seem capable of representing problems in an infinite number of ways. The way in which the function of cognition develops needs to be central to our theories.

    更新日期:2020-03-12
  • Beginning with biology: “Aspects of cognition” exist in the service of the brain's overall function as a resource-regulator
    Behav. Brain. Sci. (IF 17.194) Pub Date : 2020-03-11
    Jordan E. Theriault; Matt Coleman; Mallory J. Feldman; Joseph D. Fridman; Eli Sennesh; Lisa Feldman Barrett; Karen S. Quigley

    Lieder and Griffiths rightly urge that computational cognitive models be constrained by resource usage, but they should go further. The brain's primary function is to regulate resource usage. As a consequence, resource usage should not simply select among algorithmic models of “aspects of cognition.” Rather, “aspects of cognition” should be understood as existing in the service of resource management

    更新日期:2020-03-12
  • Advancing rational analysis to the algorithmic level
    Behav. Brain. Sci. (IF 17.194) Pub Date : 2020-03-11
    Falk Lieder; Thomas L. Griffiths

    The commentaries raised questions about normativity, human rationality, cognitive architectures, cognitive constraints, and the scope or resource rational analysis (RRA). We respond to these questions and clarify that RRA is a methodological advance that extends the scope of rational modeling to understanding cognitive processes, why they differ between people, why they change over time, and how they

    更新日期:2020-03-12
  • Thinking about thinking about time-ERRATUM.
    Behav. Brain. Sci. (IF 17.194) Pub Date : 2020-01-09
    Jonathan Redshaw,Adam Bulley,Thomas Suddendorf

    Hoerl & McCormack (H&M) discuss the possible function of meta-representations in temporal cognition but ultimately take an agnostic stance. Here we outline the fundamental role that we believe meta-representations play. Because humans know that their representations of future events are just representations, they are in a position to compensate for the shortcomings of their own foresight and to prepare

    更新日期:2020-01-09
  • An integrative memory model of recollection and familiarity to understand memory deficits
    Behav. Brain. Sci. (IF 17.194) Pub Date : 2019-02-05
    Christine Bastin; Gabriel Besson; Jessica Simon; Emma Delhaye; Marie Geurten; Sylvie Willems; Eric Salmon

    Humans can recollect past events in details (recollection) and/or know that an object, person, or place has been encountered before (familiarity). During the last two decades, there has been intense debate about how recollection and familiarity are organized in the brain. Here, we propose an integrative memory model which describes the distributed and interactive neurocognitive architecture of representations

    更新日期:2020-01-04
  • Refining the bigger picture: On the integrative memory model.
    Behav. Brain. Sci. (IF 17.194) Pub Date : 2020-01-03
    John P Aggleton

    The integrative memory model contains multiple subsystems. In this commentary, the processes within these subsystems are questioned. First, the assumption that familiarity largely reflects perceptual fluency is examined. Next, the distinction between "process" and "representational" models of temporal lobe function is challenged. Finally, the "relational representation core system" (or "extended hippocampal

    更新日期:2020-01-04
  • Representational formats in medial temporal lobe and neocortex also determine subjective memory features.
    Behav. Brain. Sci. (IF 17.194) Pub Date : 2020-01-03
    Nikolai Axmacher

    Episodic memories are shaped by the representational format of their contents. These formats are not only determined by medial temporal lobe areas, but essentially also by the neocortical regions which these areas control. The representational formats of medial temporal lobe and neocortex are sufficient to determine both, memory contents and subjective memory qualities, without the further need for

    更新日期:2020-01-04
  • The integrative memory model is detailed, but skimps on false memories and development.
    Behav. Brain. Sci. (IF 17.194) Pub Date : 2020-01-03
    Glen E Bodner,Daniel M Bernstein

    The integrative memory model combines five core memory systems with an attributional system. We agree with Bastin et al. that this melding is the most novel aspect of the model. But we await further evidence that the model's substantial complexity informs our understanding of false memories or of the development of recollection and familiarity.

    更新日期:2020-01-04
  • Entities also require relational coding and binding.
    Behav. Brain. Sci. (IF 17.194) Pub Date : 2020-01-03
    Timothy F Brady,Igor S Utochkin

    Although Bastin et al. propose a useful model for thinking about the structure of memory and memory deficits, their distinction between entities and relational encoding is incompatible with data showing that even individual objects - prototypical "entities" - are made up of distinct features which require binding. Thus, "entity" and "relational" brain regions may need to solve fundamentally the same

    更新日期:2020-01-04
  • Improving the integrative memory model by integrating the temporal dynamics of memory.
    Behav. Brain. Sci. (IF 17.194) Pub Date : 2020-01-03
    Jonathan Curot,Emmanuel J Barbeau

    Despite highlighting the role of the attribution system and proposing a coherent large-scale architecture of declarative memory, the integrative memory model would be more "integrative" if the temporal dynamics of the interactions between its components was clarified. This is necessary to make predictions in patients with brain injury and hypothesize dissociations.

    更新日期:2020-01-04
  • What face familiarity feelings say about the lateralization of specific entities within the core system.
    Behav. Brain. Sci. (IF 17.194) Pub Date : 2020-01-03
    Guido Gainotti

    The target article carefully describes the memory system, centered on the temporal lobe that builds specific memory traces. It does not, however, mention the laterality effects that exist within this system. This commentary briefly surveys evidence showing that clear asymmetries exist within the temporal lobe structures subserving the core system and that the right temporal structures mainly underpin

    更新日期:2020-01-04
  • How do memory modules differentially contribute to familiarity and recollection?
    Behav. Brain. Sci. (IF 17.194) Pub Date : 2020-01-03
    Olya Hakobyan,Sen Cheng

    We fully support dissociating the subjective experience from the memory contents in recognition memory, as Bastin et al. posit in the target article. However, having two generic memory modules with qualitatively different functions is not mandatory and is in fact inconsistent with experimental evidence. We propose that quantitative differences in the properties of the memory modules can account for

    更新日期:2020-01-04
  • Priming recognition memory test cues: No evidence for an attributional basis of recollection.
    Behav. Brain. Sci. (IF 17.194) Pub Date : 2020-01-03
    Carmen F Ionita,Deborah Talmi,Jason R Taylor

    We argue that while the proposed memory model by Bastin et al. can explain familiarity-based memory judgements through the interaction of a core representation system and an attribution system, recollection-based memory judgements are not based on non-mnemonic signals being attributed to memory.

    更新日期:2020-01-04
  • The subjective experience of recollection and familiarity in Alzheimer's disease.
    Behav. Brain. Sci. (IF 17.194) Pub Date : 2020-01-03
    Dimitrios Kapogiannis,Mohamad El Haj

    Although the integrative memory model proposed by Bastin et al. is interesting, particularly for Alzheimer's disease, it may benefit from incorporating the subjective experience of recollection. We therefore offer complementary lines of interpretation to explain how recollection and familiarity in Alzheimer's disease can be dissociated based not only on accounts of their neural correlates but, critically

    更新日期:2020-01-04
  • Cognitive control constrains memory attributions.
    Behav. Brain. Sci. (IF 17.194) Pub Date : 2020-01-03
    Colleen M Kelley,Larry L Jacoby

    Cognitive control constrains retrieval processing and so restricts what comes to mind as input to the attribution system. We review evidence that older adults, patients with Alzheimer's disease, and people with traumatic brain injury exert less cognitive control during retrieval, and so are susceptible to memory misattributions in the form of dramatic levels of false remembering.

    更新日期:2020-01-04
  • There is more to memory than recollection and familiarity.
    Behav. Brain. Sci. (IF 17.194) Pub Date : 2020-01-03
    John F Kihlstrom

    Theoretical models of memory retrieval have focused on processes of recollection and familiarity. Research suggests that there are still other processes involved in memory reconstruction, leading to experiences of knowing and inferring the past. Understanding these experiences, and the cognitive processes that give rise to them, seems likely to further expand our understanding of the neural substrates

    更新日期:2020-01-04
  • The role of anxiety in the integrative memory model.
    Behav. Brain. Sci. (IF 17.194) Pub Date : 2020-01-03
    Benjamin C Nephew,Serhiy Chumachenko,Brent P Forester

    We suggest that the inclusion of anxiety, as one relevant mood factor, could enhance the implementation of the integrative memory model in research and the clinic. The role of anxiety in Alzheimer's disease neuroanatomy, symptomology, and progression is used as an example. Customization of the integrative memory model can establish strong foundations for pathology-specific models of memory deficits

    更新日期:2020-01-04
  • Two processes are not necessary to understand memory deficits.
    Behav. Brain. Sci. (IF 17.194) Pub Date : 2020-01-03
    Adam F Osth,John C Dunn,Andrew Heathcote,Roger Ratcliff

    Bastin et al. propose a dual-process model to understand memory deficits. However, results from state-trace analysis have suggested a single underlying variable in behavioral and neural data. We advocate the usage of unidimensional models that are supported by data and have been successful in understanding memory deficits and in linking to neural data.

    更新日期:2020-01-04
  • Understanding misidentification syndromes using the integrative memory model.
    Behav. Brain. Sci. (IF 17.194) Pub Date : 2020-01-03
    Joel Patchitt,Sukhi S Shergill

    Misidentification syndromes occur commonly in neuropsychiatric practice and can be explained through aberrant integration of recollection and familiarity, in keeping with a dysfunction at the level of the attributional system in the new integrative memory model. We examine neuroimaging findings associated with Fregoli and Capgras syndromes and compare these with the proposed neural substrate of the

    更新日期:2020-01-04
  • The role of reference frames in memory recollection.
    Behav. Brain. Sci. (IF 17.194) Pub Date : 2020-01-03
    Giuseppe Riva,Daniele Di Lernia,Andrea Serino,Silvia Serino

    In this commentary on Bastin et al., we suggest that spatial context plays a critical role in the encoding and retrieval of events. Specifically, the translation process between the viewpoint-independent content of a memory and the viewpoint-dependent stimuli activating the retrieval (mental frame syncing) plays a critical role in spatial memory recollection. This perspective also provides an explanatory

    更新日期:2020-01-04
  • Fluency: A trigger of familiarity for relational representations?
    Behav. Brain. Sci. (IF 17.194) Pub Date : 2020-01-03
    Talya Sadeh

    According to Bastin et al.'s integrative memory model, familiarity may be attributed to both entity representations and relational representations. However, the model does not specify what triggers familiarity for relational representations. I argue that fluency is a key player in the attribution of familiarity regardless of the type of representation. Two lines of evidence are reviewed in support

    更新日期:2020-01-04
  • Dual processes in memory: Evidence from memory of time-of-occurrence of events.
    Behav. Brain. Sci. (IF 17.194) Pub Date : 2020-01-03
    Vishnu Sreekumar,Hyungwook Yim,Kareem A Zaghloul,Simon J Dennis

    Bastin et al. present a framework that draws heavily on existing ideas of dual processes in memory in order to make predictions about memory deficits in clinical populations. It has been difficult to find behavioral evidence for multiple memory processes but we offer some evidence for dual processes in a related domain: memory for the time-of-occurrence of events.

    更新日期:2020-01-04
  • Episodic memory is emotionally laden memory, requiring amygdala involvement.
    Behav. Brain. Sci. (IF 17.194) Pub Date : 2020-01-03
    Angelica Staniloiu,Hans J Markowitsch

    The memory impairment of neurological and psychiatric patients is seen as occurring mainly in the autobiographical-episodic memory domain and this is considered to depend on limbic structures such as the amygdala or the septal nuclei. Especially the amygdala is a hub for giving an emotional flavor to personal memories. Bastin et al. fail to include the amygdala in their integrative memory model.

    更新日期:2020-01-04
  • The other side of the coin: Semantic dementia as a lesion model for understanding recollection and familiarity.
    Behav. Brain. Sci. (IF 17.194) Pub Date : 2020-01-03
    Cherie Strikwerda-Brown,Muireann Irish

    The syndrome of semantic dementia represents the "other side of the coin" to Alzheimer's disease, offering convergent evidence to help refine Bastin et al.'s integrative memory model. By considering the integrative memory model through the lens of semantic dementia, we propose a number of important extensions to the framework, to help clarify the complex neurocognitive mechanisms underlying recollection

    更新日期:2020-01-04
  • The ventral lateral parietal cortex in episodic memory: From content to attribution.
    Behav. Brain. Sci. (IF 17.194) Pub Date : 2020-01-03
    Roni Tibon

    The ventral lateral parietal cortex (VLPC) shows robust activation during episodic retrieval, and is involved in content representation, as well as in the evaluation of memory traces. This suggests that the VLPC has a crucial contribution to the quality of recollection and the subjective experience of remembering, and situates it at the intersection of the core and attribution systems.

    更新日期:2020-01-04
  • Cutting out the middleman: Separating attributional biases from memory deficits.
    Behav. Brain. Sci. (IF 17.194) Pub Date : 2020-01-03
    Wei-Chun Wang

    Bastin and colleagues present an integrative model of how recollection- and familiarity-based memories are represented in the brain. While they emphasize the role of attribution mechanisms in shaping memory retrieval, prior work examining implicit memory suggests that memory deficits may be better understood by separating attributional biases from the underlying memory traces.

    更新日期:2020-01-04
  • Global matching and fluency attribution in familiarity assessment.
    Behav. Brain. Sci. (IF 17.194) Pub Date : 2020-01-03
    Haopei Yang,Stefan Köhler

    In the integrative memory model proposed by Bastin et al., familiarity is thought to arise from attribution of fluency signals. We suggest that, from a computational and anatomical perspective, this conceptualization converges with a global-matching account of familiarity assessment. We also argue that consideration of global matching and evidence accumulation in decision making could help further

    更新日期:2020-01-04
  • Interactions with the integrative memory model.
    Behav. Brain. Sci. (IF 17.194) Pub Date : 2020-01-03
    Christine Bastin,Gabriel Besson,Emma Delhaye,Adrien Folville,Marie Geurten,Jessica Simon,Sylvie Willems,Eric Salmon

    The integrative memory model formalizes a new conceptualization of memory in which interactions between representations and cognitive operations within large-scale cerebral networks generate subjective memory feelings. Such interactions allow to explain the complexity of memory expressions, such as the existence of multiples sources for familiarity and recollection feelings and the fact that expectations

    更新日期:2020-01-04
  • England first, America second: The ecological predictors of life history and innovation-ERRATUM.
    Behav. Brain. Sci. (IF 17.194) Pub Date : 2019-12-19
    Severi Luoto,Markus J Rantala,Indrikis Krams

    We present data from 122 nations showing that Baumard's argument on the ecological predictors of life history strategies and innovation is incomplete. Our analyses indicate that wealth, parasite stress, and cold climate impose orthogonal effects on life histories, innovation, and industrialization. Baumard also overlooks the historical exploitation of other nations which significantly enlarged the

    更新日期:2019-12-20
  • Using big data to map the relationship between time perspectives and economic outputs-ERRATUM.
    Behav. Brain. Sci. (IF 17.194) Pub Date : 2019-12-19
    Christopher Y Olivola,Helen Susannah Moat,Tobias Preis

    Recent studies have shown that population-level time perspectives can be approximated using “big data” on search engine queries, and that these indices, in turn, predict the per-capita Gross Domestic Product of countries. Although these findings seem to support Baumard's suggestion that affluence makes people more future-oriented, they also reveal a more complex relationship between time perspectives

    更新日期:2019-12-20
  • Thinking in and about time: A dual systems perspective on temporal cognition.
    Behav. Brain. Sci. (IF 17.194) Pub Date : 2018-09-25
    Christoph Hoerl,Teresa McCormack

    We outline a dual systems approach to temporal cognition, which distinguishes between two cognitive systems for dealing with how things unfold over time - a temporal updating system and a temporal reasoning system - of which the former is both phylogenetically and ontogenetically more primitive than the latter, and which are at work alongside each other in adult human cognition. We describe the main

    更新日期:2019-12-13
  • Are counterfactuals in and about time?
    Behav. Brain. Sci. (IF 17.194) Pub Date : 2019-12-12
    Sarah Ruth Beck; Eva Rafetseder

    We discuss whether the two systems approach can advance understanding of children's developing counterfactual thinking. We argue that types of counterfactual thinking that are acquired early in development could be handled by the temporal updating system, whereas those that emerge in middle childhood require thinking about specific events in time.

    更新日期:2019-12-13
  • Time, flow, and space.
    Behav. Brain. Sci. (IF 17.194) Pub Date : 2019-12-12
    Craig Callender

    Does a temporal dual process theory explain the illusive flow of time? I point out one shortcoming of such a theory and propose an alternative that does not require either dual cognitive processes or demand such a stark asymmetry between space and time in the brain.

    更新日期:2019-12-13
  • Two challenges for a dual system approach to temporal cognition.
    Behav. Brain. Sci. (IF 17.194) Pub Date : 2019-12-12
    Felipe De Brigard,Kevin O'Neill

    Hoerl & McCormack (H&M) propose a two-system account of temporal cognition. We suggest that, following other classic proposals where cognitive systems are putatively independent, H&M's two-system hypothesis should, at a minimum, involve (1) a difference in the nature of the representations upon which each system operates, and (2) a difference in the computations they carry out. In this comment we offer

    更新日期:2019-12-13
  • Nonhuman sequence learning findings argue against Hoerl and McCormack's two systems of temporal cognition.
    Behav. Brain. Sci. (IF 17.194) Pub Date : 2019-12-12
    Benjamin J De Corte,Edward A Wasserman

    Hoerl & McCormack propose that animals learn sequences through an entrainment-like process, rather than tracking the temporal addresses of each event in a given sequence. However, past research suggests that animals form "temporal maps" of sequential events and also comprehend the concept of ordinal position. These findings suggest that a clarification or qualification of the authors' hypothesis is

    更新日期:2019-12-13
  • Closing the symbolic reference gap to support flexible reasoning about the passage of time.
    Behav. Brain. Sci. (IF 17.194) Pub Date : 2019-12-12
    Danielle DeNigris,Patricia J Brooks

    This commentary relates Hoerl & McCormack's dual systems perspective to models of cognitive development emphasizing representational redescription and the role of culturally constructed tools, including language, in providing flexible formats for thinking. We describe developmental processes that enable children to construct a mental time line, situate themselves in time, and overcome the primacy of

    更新日期:2019-12-13
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