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  • Other and other waters in the river: Autism and the futility of prediction
    Behav. Brain. Sci. (IF 17.333) Pub Date : 2020-06-19
    Matthew K. Belmonte

    Autism has been described as a neural deficit in prediction, people with autism manifest low perceptual construal and are impaired at traversing psychological distances, and Gilead et al.'s hierarchy from iconic to multimodal to fully abstract, socially communicated representations is exactly the hierarchy of representational impairment in autism, making autism a natural behavioural and neurophysiological

    更新日期:2020-06-19
  • Touch me if you can: The intangible but grounded nature of abstract concepts
    Behav. Brain. Sci. (IF 17.333) Pub Date : 2020-06-19
    Anna M. Borghi; Luca Tummolini

    Thinking about what the senses cannot grasp is one of the hallmarks of human cognition. We argue that “intangible abstracta” are represented differently from other products of abstraction, that goal-derived categorization supports their learning, and that they are grounded also in internalized linguistic and social interaction. We conclude by suggesting different ways in which abstractness contributes

    更新日期:2020-06-19
  • On the implications of object permanence: Microhistorical insights from Piaget's new theory
    Behav. Brain. Sci. (IF 17.333) Pub Date : 2020-06-19
    Jeremy Trevelyan Burman

    The authors’ arguments reflect the dominant traditions of American Psychology. In doing so, however, they miss relevant insights omitted during the original importation (translation and popularization) of the foreign sources that informed the theories they built upon. Of particular relevance here are Piaget's last studies. These are presented to unpack the meaning of “object permanence” as a kind of

    更新日期:2020-06-19
  • Language as a mental travel guide
    Behav. Brain. Sci. (IF 17.333) Pub Date : 2020-06-19
    Charles P. Davis; Gerry T. M. Altmann; Eiling Yee

    Gilead et al.'s approach to human cognition places abstraction and prediction at the heart of “mental travel” under a “representational diversity” perspective that embraces foundational concepts in cognitive science. But, it gives insufficient credit to the possibility that the process of abstraction produces a gradient, and underestimates the importance of a highly influential domain in predictive

    更新日期:2020-06-19
  • Representation, abstraction, and simple-minded sophisticates
    Behav. Brain. Sci. (IF 17.333) Pub Date : 2020-06-19
    Peter Dayan

    Bayesian decision theory provides a simple formal elucidation of some of the ways that representation and representational abstraction are involved with, and exploit, both prediction and its rather distant cousin, predictive coding. Both model-free and model-based methods are involved.

    更新日期:2020-06-19
  • Abstracting abstraction in development and cognitive ability
    Behav. Brain. Sci. (IF 17.333) Pub Date : 2020-06-19
    Andreas Demetriou

    We focus on the theory of abstraction proposed by the target article. We suggest that abstraction varies at different levels of learning, cognitive development, or cognitive ability. We argue that this theory does not specify how abstraction is done at each of these levels. Because of these weaknesses, the theory cannot explicate how individuals differ in mental time travel at different phases of life

    更新日期:2020-06-19
  • Is it always so? Unexpected visions
    Behav. Brain. Sci. (IF 17.333) Pub Date : 2020-06-19
    Jan B. Deręgowski; Benjamin W. Tatler

    If we consider perceptions as arising from predictive processes, we must consider the manner in which the underlying expectations are formed and how they are applied to the sensory data. We provide examples of cases where expectations give rise to unexpected and unlikely perceptions of the world. These examples may help define bounds for the notion that perceptual hypotheses are direct derivatives

    更新日期:2020-06-19
  • Simulation and the predictive brain
    Behav. Brain. Sci. (IF 17.333) Pub Date : 2020-06-19
    Daniel Dohrn

    Prediction draws on both simulation and theory. I ask how simulation is defined, and what the roles of simulation and theory are, respectively. Simulation is flexible in structure and resources. Often simulation and theory are combined in prediction. The function of simulation consists of representing a situation that is relevantly like the target situation with regards to the feature predicted.

    更新日期:2020-06-19
  • Mind wandering as data augmentation: How mental travel supports abstraction
    Behav. Brain. Sci. (IF 17.333) Pub Date : 2020-06-19
    Myrthe Faber

    Gilead et al. state that abstraction supports mental travel, and that mental travel critically relies on abstraction. I propose an important addition to this theoretical framework, namely that mental travel might also support abstraction. Specifically, I argue that spontaneous mental travel (mind wandering), much like data augmentation in machine learning, provides variability in mental content and

    更新日期:2020-06-19
  • The productive mind: Creativity as a source of abstract mental representations
    Behav. Brain. Sci. (IF 17.333) Pub Date : 2020-06-19
    Mark Fedyk; Fei Xu

    Explanations of how the brain makes successful predictions should refer to abstracta. But, the mind/brain system is for more than prediction alone. Creativity also plays an important role in supply the mind/brain system with abstracta that serve a number of valuable ends over and above prediction.

    更新日期:2020-06-19
  • Cognitive representations and the predictive brain depend heavily on the environment
    Behav. Brain. Sci. (IF 17.333) Pub Date : 2020-06-19
    Klaus Fiedler

    In their scholarly target article, Gilead et al. explain how abstract mental representations and the predictive brain enable prospection and time-traveling. However, their exclusive focus on intrapsychic capacities misses an important point, namely, the degree to which mind and brain are tuned by the environment. This neglected aspect of adaptive cognition is discussed and illustrated from a cognitive-ecological

    更新日期:2020-06-19
  • Scale-free architectures support representational diversity
    Behav. Brain. Sci. (IF 17.333) Pub Date : 2020-06-19
    Chris Fields; James F. Glazebrook

    Gilead et al. propose an ontology of abstract representations based on folk-psychological conceptions of cognitive architecture. There is, however, no evidence that the experience of cognition reveals the architecture of cognition. Scale-free architectural models propose that cognition has the same computational architecture from sub-cellular to whole-organism scales. This scale-free architecture supports

    更新日期:2020-06-19
  • Representation and agency
    Behav. Brain. Sci. (IF 17.333) Pub Date : 2020-06-19
    Karl Friston

    Gilead et al. raise some fascinating issues about representational substrates and structures in the predictive brain. This commentary drills down on a core theme in their arguments; namely, the structure of models that generate predictions. In particular, it highlights their factorial nature – both in terms of deep hierarchies over levels of abstraction and, crucially, time – and how this underwrites

    更新日期:2020-06-19
  • Structured event complexes are the primary representation in the human prefrontal cortex
    Behav. Brain. Sci. (IF 17.333) Pub Date : 2020-06-19
    Jordan Grafman

    Instead of endorsing an all-encompassing view about the influence of abstractions in predictive processing, I suggest that most deliberative thought including complex abstractions, agent actions, and/or perceived environmental sequences are stored in the human prefrontal cortex in the form of structured event complexes.

    更新日期:2020-06-19
  • Experiences of liking versus ideas about liking
    Behav. Brain. Sci. (IF 17.333) Pub Date : 2020-06-19
    Alison Ledgerwood; Paul W. Eastwick; Bertram Gawronski

    We leverage the notion that abstraction enables prediction to generate novel insights and hypotheses for the literatures on attitudes and mate preferences. We suggest that ideas about liking (e.g., evaluations of categories or overall traits) are more abstract than experiences of liking (e.g., evaluations of particular exemplars), and that ideas about liking may facilitate mental travel beyond the

    更新日期:2020-06-19
  • Prospection does not imply predictive processing
    Behav. Brain. Sci. (IF 17.333) Pub Date : 2020-06-19
    Piotr Litwin; Marcin Miłkowski

    Predictive processing models of psychopathologies are not explanatorily consistent with the present account of abstract thought. These models are based on latent variables probabilistically mapping the structure of the world. As such, they cannot be informed by representational ontology based on mental objects and states. What actually is the case is merely some terminological affinity between subjective

    更新日期:2020-06-19
  • Catching the intangible: a role for emotion?
    Behav. Brain. Sci. (IF 17.333) Pub Date : 2020-06-19
    Maria Montefinese; Ettore Ambrosini; Antonino Visalli; David Vinson

    A crucial aspect of Gilead and colleagues’ ontology is the dichotomy between tangible and intangible representations, but the latter remains rather ill-defined. We propose a fundamental role for interoceptive experience and the statistical distribution of entities in language, especially for intangible representations, that we believe Gilead and colleagues’ ontology needs to incorporate.

    更新日期:2020-06-19
  • Above and beyond the content: Feelings influence mental simulations
    Behav. Brain. Sci. (IF 17.333) Pub Date : 2020-06-19
    Kellen Mrkva; Luca Cian; Leaf Van Boven

    Gilead et al. present a rich account of abstraction. Though the account describes several elements which influence mental representation, it is worth also delineating how feelings, such as fluency and emotion, influence mental simulation. Additionally, though past experience can sometimes make simulations more accurate and worthwhile (as Gilead et al. suggest), many systematic prediction errors persist

    更新日期:2020-06-19
  • Are all distances created equal? Insights from developmental psychology
    Behav. Brain. Sci. (IF 17.333) Pub Date : 2020-06-19
    Bronwyn O'Brien; Joshua L. Rutt; Cristina M. Atance

    Gilead et al.'s theory presupposes that traversing temporal, spatial, social, and hypothetical distances are largely interchangeable acts of mental travel that co-occur in human ontogeny. Yet, this claim is at odds with recent developmental data suggesting that children's reasoning is differentially affected by the dimension which they must traverse, and that different representational abilities underlie

    更新日期:2020-06-19
  • Abstraction still holds its feet on the ground
    Behav. Brain. Sci. (IF 17.333) Pub Date : 2020-06-19
    Mariella Pazzaglia; Erik Leemhuis

    In view of current scientific knowledge, it seems premature to hypothesize a qualitative distinction between processes, networks, and structures involved in abstract processes from those based on perception, episodic, or procedural memories. Predictive thought and mental travel strongly rely, at different levels of consciousness, on past and ongoing sensory input, bodily information (e.g., interoception)

    更新日期:2020-06-19
  • Neuronal codes for predictive processing in cortical layers
    Behav. Brain. Sci. (IF 17.333) Pub Date : 2020-06-19
    Lucy S. Petro; Lars Muckli

    Predictive processing as a computational motif of the neocortex needs to be elaborated into theories of higher cognitive functions that include simulating future behavioural outcomes. We contribute to the neuroscientific perspective of predictive processing as a foundation for the proposed representational architectures of the mind.

    更新日期:2020-06-19
  • Dynamic hierarchical cognition: Music and language demand further types of abstracta
    Behav. Brain. Sci. (IF 17.333) Pub Date : 2020-06-19
    Tudor Popescu; W. Tecumseh Fitch

    Hierarchical structures are rapidly and flexibly built up in the domains of human language and music. These domains require a tree-building capacity – “dendrophilia” – to dynamically infer hierarchical structures from sensory input (or to hierarchically structure output), based on subunits stored in a lexicon. This dynamic process involves a crucial class of abstracta overlooked in the target article

    更新日期:2020-06-19
  • Abstraction: An alternative neurocognitive account of recognition, prediction, and decision making
    Behav. Brain. Sci. (IF 17.333) Pub Date : 2020-06-19
    Valerie F. Reyna; David A. Broniatowski

    Gilead et al. offer a thoughtful and much-needed treatment of abstraction. However, it fails to build on an extensive literature on abstraction, representational diversity, neurocognition, and psychopathology that provides important constraints and alternative evidence-based conceptions. We draw on conceptions in software engineering, socio-technical systems engineering, and a neurocognitive theory

    更新日期:2020-06-19
  • Shared reality and abstraction: The social nature of predictive models
    Behav. Brain. Sci. (IF 17.333) Pub Date : 2020-06-19
    Maya Rossignac-Milon; Federica Pinelli; E. Tory Higgins

    We propose that abstraction is an interpersonal process and serves a social function. Research on shared reality shows that in communication, people raise their level of abstraction in order to create a common understanding with their communication partner, which can subsequently distort their mental representation of the object of communication. This work demonstrates that, beyond building accurate

    更新日期:2020-06-19
  • Abstractions, predictions, and speech sound representations
    Behav. Brain. Sci. (IF 17.333) Pub Date : 2020-06-19
    Mathias Scharinger

    Gilead et al. provide a unified account of predictive cognition in which abstract representations play an essential role. Although acknowledging the similarity to linguistic concepts toward the higher end of the proposed abstraction gradient, Gilead et al. do not consider the potential of their account to embrace phonetic and phonological speech sound representations and their neural bases.

    更新日期:2020-06-19
  • Simulation across representation: The interplay of schemas and simulation-based inference on different levels of abstraction
    Behav. Brain. Sci. (IF 17.333) Pub Date : 2020-06-19
    Malte Schilling; Nancy Chang; Katharina J. Rohlfing; Michael Spranger

    Language comprehension of action verbs recruits embodied representations in the brain that are assumed to invoke a mental simulation (e.g., “grasping a peanut”). This extends to abstract concepts, as well (“grasping an idea”). We, therefore, argue that mental simulation works across levels of abstractness and involves higher-level schematic structures that subsume a generic structure of actions and

    更新日期:2020-06-19
  • A modern materialist approach to abstraction, concreteness, and explanation in cognition
    Behav. Brain. Sci. (IF 17.333) Pub Date : 2020-06-19
    Richard Shillcock

    Although endorsing the authors’ concentration on the issue of abstraction, I critique (a) the philosophical nature of their abstract–concrete dimension, (b) their view of the brain–world barrier, and (c) their implicit positivist one-way hierarchy that has abstraction as the goal.

    更新日期:2020-06-19
  • Abstracting reward
    Behav. Brain. Sci. (IF 17.333) Pub Date : 2020-06-19
    David Spurrett

    The costs of and returns from actions are varied and individually concrete dimensions, combined in heterogeneous ways. The many needs of the body also fluctuate. Making action selection efficiently track some ultimate goal, whether fitness or another utility function, itself requires representational abstraction. Therefore, predictive brains need abstract value representations.

    更新日期:2020-06-19
  • A challenge for predictive coding: Representational or experiential diversity?
    Behav. Brain. Sci. (IF 17.333) Pub Date : 2020-06-19
    Martina G. Vilas; Lucia Melloni

    To become a unifying theory of brain function, predictive processing (PP) must accommodate its rich representational diversity. Gilead et al. claim such diversity requires a multi-process theory, and thus is out of reach for PP, which postulates a universal canonical computation. We contend this argument and instead propose that PP fails to account for the experiential level of representations.

    更新日期:2020-06-19
  • The role of sleep in the formation and updating of abstract mental representations
    Behav. Brain. Sci. (IF 17.333) Pub Date : 2020-06-19
    Antonino Visalli; Nicola Cellini

    According to Gilead and colleagues, to be efficient abstraction requires a hierarchical organization of information into long-term memory. But, how and when are abstract representations consolidated into long-term memory and how are they integrated with pre-existing abstracta are questions not discussed by Gilead and colleagues. Here, we propose that these processes occur preferentially during offline

    更新日期:2020-06-19
  • Successful simulation requires bridging levels of abstraction
    Behav. Brain. Sci. (IF 17.333) Pub Date : 2020-06-19
    Zidong Zhao; Judith N. Mildner; Diana I. Tamir

    Although many simulations draw upon only one level of abstraction, the process for generating rich simulations requires a dynamic interplay between abstract and concrete knowledge. A complete model of simulation must account for a mind and brain that can bridge the perceptual with the conceptual, the episodic with the semantic, and the concrete with the abstract.

    更新日期:2020-06-19
  • Above and beyond “Above and beyond the concrete”
    Behav. Brain. Sci. (IF 17.333) Pub Date : 2020-06-19
    Michael Gilead; Yaacov Trope; Nira Liberman

    The commentaries address our view of abstraction, our ontology of abstract entities, and our account of predictive cognition as relying on relatively concrete simulation or relatively abstract theory-based inference. These responses revisit classic questions concerning mental representation and abstraction in the context of current models of predictive cognition. The counter arguments to our article

    更新日期:2020-06-19
  • Thinking through prior bodies: autonomic uncertainty and interoceptive self-inference.
    Behav. Brain. Sci. (IF 17.333) Pub Date : 2020-05-28
    Micah Allen,Nicolas Legrand,Camile Maria Costa Correa,Francesca Fardo

    The Bayesian brain hypothesis, as formalized by the free-energy principle, is ascendant in cognitive science. But, how does the Bayesian brain obtain prior beliefs? Veissière and colleagues argue that sociocultural interaction is one important source. We offer a complementary model in which “interoceptive self-inference” guides the estimation of expected uncertainty both in ourselves and in our social

    更新日期:2020-05-28
  • Thinking with other minds.
    Behav. Brain. Sci. (IF 17.333) Pub Date : 2020-05-28
    Edward Baggs,Anthony Chemero

    We applaud the ambition of Veissière et al.'s account of cultural learning, and the attempt to ground higher order thinking in embodied theory. However, the account is limited by loose terminology, and by its commitment to a view of the child learner as inference-maker. Vygotsky offers a more powerful view of cultural learning, one that is fully compatible with embodiment.

    更新日期:2020-05-28
  • "Through others we become ourselves": The dialectics of predictive coding and active inference.
    Behav. Brain. Sci. (IF 17.333) Pub Date : 2020-05-28
    Dimitris Bolis,Leonhard Schilbach

    Thinking through other minds creatively situates the free-energy principle within real-life cultural processes, thereby enriching both sociocultural theories and Bayesian accounts of cognition. Here, shifting the attention from thinking-through to becoming-with, we suggest complementing such an account by focusing on the empirical, computational, and conceptual investigation of the multiscale dynamics

    更新日期:2020-05-28
  • Have we lost the thinker in other minds? Human thinking beyond social norms.
    Behav. Brain. Sci. (IF 17.333) Pub Date : 2020-05-28
    Nabil Bouizegarene

    Veissière and colleagues suggest that thinking is entirely based on social norms. I point out that despite the fact that social norms are commonly used to alleviate cognitive processing, some individuals are willing and able to go about the costly process of questioning them and exploring other valuable ways of thinking.

    更新日期:2020-05-28
  • Unification at the cost of realism and precision.
    Behav. Brain. Sci. (IF 17.333) Pub Date : 2020-05-28
    Rachael L Brown,Carl Brusse,Bryce Huebner,Ross Pain

    Veissière et al. must sacrifice explanatory realism and precision in order to develop a unified formal model. Drawing on examples from cognitive archeology, we argue that this makes it difficult for them to derive the kinds of testable predictions that would allow them to resolve debates over the nature of human social cognition and cultural acquisition.

    更新日期:2020-05-28
  • Normativity, social change, and the epistemological framing of culture.
    Behav. Brain. Sci. (IF 17.333) Pub Date : 2020-05-28
    Andrew Buskell

    The authors deploy an epistemic framework to represent culture and model the acquisition of cultural behavior. Yet, the framing inherits familiar problems with explaining the acquisition of norms. Such problems are conspicuous with regard to human societies where norms are ubiquitous. This creates a new difficulty for the authors in explaining change to mutually exclusive organizational structures

    更新日期:2020-05-28
  • The multicultural mind as an epistemological test and extension for the thinking through other minds approach.
    Behav. Brain. Sci. (IF 17.333) Pub Date : 2020-05-28
    George I Christopoulos,Ying-Yi Hong

    The multicultural experience (i.e., multicultural individuals and cross-cultural experiences) offers the intriguing possibility for (i) an empirical examination of how free-energy principles explain dynamic cultural behaviors and pragmatic cultural phenomena and (ii) a challenging but decisive test of thinking through other minds (TTOM) predictions. We highlight that TTOM needs to treat individuals

    更新日期:2020-05-28
  • Digital life, a theory of minds, and mapping human and machine cultural universals.
    Behav. Brain. Sci. (IF 17.333) Pub Date : 2020-05-28
    Kevin B Clark

    Emerging cybertechnologies, such as social digibots, bend epistemological conventions of life and culture already complicated by human and animal relationships. Virtually-augmented niches of machines and organic life promise new free-energy-governed selection of intelligent digital life. These provocative eco-evolutionary contexts demand a theory of (natural and artificial) minds to characterize and

    更新日期:2020-05-28
  • Affective Social Learning serves as a quick and flexible complement to TTOM.
    Behav. Brain. Sci. (IF 17.333) Pub Date : 2020-05-28
    Fabrice Clément,Daniel Dukes

    Although we applaud the general aims of the target article, we argue that Affective Social Learning completes TTOM by pointing out how emotions can provide another route to acquiring culture, a route which may be quicker, more flexible, and even closer to an axiological definition of culture (less about what is, and more about what should be) than TTOM itself.

    更新日期:2020-05-28
  • Maladaptive social norms, cultural progress, and the free-energy principle.
    Behav. Brain. Sci. (IF 17.333) Pub Date : 2020-05-28
    Matteo Colombo

    Veissière and collaborators ground their account of culture and social norms in the free-energy principle, which postulates that the utility (or adaptive value) of an outcome is equivalent to its probability. This equivalence would mean that their account entails that complying with social norms has always adaptive value. But, this is false, because many social norms are obviously maladaptive.

    更新日期:2020-05-28
  • Explaining or redefining mindreading?
    Behav. Brain. Sci. (IF 17.333) Pub Date : 2020-05-28
    Krzysztof Dołęga,Tobias Schlicht,Daniel C Dennett

    Veissière et al. disrupt current debates over the nature of mindreading by bringing multiple positions under the umbrella of free-energy. However, it is not clear whether integrating the opposing sides under a common formal framework will yield new insights into how mindreading is achieved, rather than offering a mere redescription of the target phenomenon.

    更新日期:2020-05-28
  • "Social physiology" for psychiatric semiology: How TTOM can initiate an interactive turn for computational psychiatry?
    Behav. Brain. Sci. (IF 17.333) Pub Date : 2020-05-28
    Guillaume Dumas,Tudi Gozé,Jean-Arthur Micoulaud-Franchi

    Thinking through other minds (TTOM) encompasses new dimensions in computational psychiatry: social interaction and mutual sense-making. It questions the nature of psychiatric manifestations (semiology) in light of recent data on social interaction in neuroscience. We propose the concept of “social physiology” in response to the call by the conceivers of TTOM for the renewal of computational psychiatry

    更新日期:2020-05-28
  • Enculturation without TTOM and Bayesianism without FEP: Another Bayesian theory of culture is needed.
    Behav. Brain. Sci. (IF 17.333) Pub Date : 2020-05-28
    Martin Fortier-Davy

    First, I discuss cross-cultural evidence showing that a good deal of enculturation takes place outside of thinking through other minds. Second, I review evidence challenging the claim that humans seek to minimize entropy. Finally, I argue that optimality claims should be avoided, and that descriptive Bayesianism offers a more promising avenue for the development of a Bayesian theory of culture.

    更新日期:2020-05-28
  • The role of communication in acquisition, curation, and transmission of culture.
    Behav. Brain. Sci. (IF 17.333) Pub Date : 2020-05-28
    Hyowon Gweon

    Veissière et al.'s proposal aims to explain how cognition enables cultural learning, but fails to acknowledge a distinctively human behavior critical to this process: communication. Recent advances in developmental and computational cognitive science suggest that the social-cognitive capacities central to TTOM also support sophisticated yet remarkably early-emerging inferences and communicative behaviors

    更新日期:2020-05-28
  • The cost of over-intellectualizing the free-energy principle.
    Behav. Brain. Sci. (IF 17.333) Pub Date : 2020-05-28
    Daniel D Hutto

    This commentary raises a question about the target article's proposed explanation of what goes on when we think through other minds. It highlights a tension between non-mindreading characterizations of everyday social cognition and the individualist, cognitivist assumptions that target article's explanatory proposal inherits from the predictive processing framework it favours.

    更新日期:2020-05-28
  • Skill-based engagement with a rich landscape of affordances as an alternative to thinking through other minds.
    Behav. Brain. Sci. (IF 17.333) Pub Date : 2020-05-28
    Julian Kiverstein,Erik Rietveld

    Veissière and colleagues make a valiant attempt at reconciling an internalist account of implicit cultural learning with an externalist account that understands social behaviour in terms of its environment-involving dynamics. However, unfortunately the author's attempt to forge a middle way between internalism and externalism fails. We argue their failure stems from the overly individualistic understanding

    更新日期:2020-05-28
  • Culture and the plasticity of perception.
    Behav. Brain. Sci. (IF 17.333) Pub Date : 2020-05-28
    Michael Lifshitz,T M Luhrmann

    Culture shapes our basic sensory experience of the world. This is particularly striking in the study of religion and psychosis, where we and others have shown that cultural context determines both the structure and content of hallucination-like events. The cultural shaping of hallucinations may provide a rich case-study for linking cultural learning with emerging prediction-based models of perception

    更新日期:2020-05-28
  • How does social cognition shape enculturation?
    Behav. Brain. Sci. (IF 17.333) Pub Date : 2020-05-28
    John Michael,Leon de Bruin

    Other people in our culture actively transform our behavioral dispositions and mental states by shaping them in various ways. In the following, we highlight three points which Veissière et al. may consider in leveraging their account to illuminate the dynamics by which this occurs, and in particular, to shed light on how social cognition supports, and is supported by, enculturation.

    更新日期:2020-05-28
  • Encultured minds, not error reduction minds.
    Behav. Brain. Sci. (IF 17.333) Pub Date : 2020-05-28
    Robert Mirski,Mark H Bickhard,David Eck,Arkadiusz Gut

    There are serious theoretical problems with the free-energy principle model, which are shown in the current article. We discuss the proposed model's inability to account for culturally emergent normativities, and point out the foundational issues that we claim this inability stems from.

    更新日期:2020-05-28
  • Importance of the "thinking through other minds" process explored through motor correlates of motivated social interactions.
    Behav. Brain. Sci. (IF 17.333) Pub Date : 2020-05-28
    Harold Mouras

    We wanted to gather recent results supporting the idea of the central role of sharing agency in socioaffective and motivational information processing. Here, we want to support the idea that this process is quite arbitrary, early in the temporal chain of processes and not only influence the psychological, but also the motor correlates of socioaffective information processes.

    更新日期:2020-05-28
  • The future of TTOM.
    Behav. Brain. Sci. (IF 17.333) Pub Date : 2020-05-28
    Søren Overgaard

    “Thinking through other minds,” or TTOM, is defined in two different ways. On the one hand, it refers to something people do – for example, inferences they make about others’ expectations. On the other hand, it refers to a particular theoretical model of those things that people do. If the concept of TTOM is to have any future, this ambiguity must be redressed.

    更新日期:2020-05-28
  • Choosing a Markov blanket.
    Behav. Brain. Sci. (IF 17.333) Pub Date : 2020-05-28
    Thomas Parr

    This commentary focuses upon the relationship between two themes in the target article: the ways in which a Markov blanket may be defined and the role of precision and salience in mediating the interactions between what is internal and external to a system. These each rest upon the different perspectives we might take while “choosing” a Markov blanket.

    更新日期:2020-05-28
  • Social epistemic actions.
    Behav. Brain. Sci. (IF 17.333) Pub Date : 2020-05-28
    Giovanni Pezzulo,Laura Barca,Domenico Maisto,Francesco Donnarumma

    We consider the ways humans engage in social epistemic actions, to guide each other's attention, prediction, and learning processes towards salient information, at the timescale of online social interaction and joint action. This parallels the active guidance of other's attention, prediction, and learning processes at the longer timescale of niche construction and cultural practices, as discussed in

    更新日期:2020-05-28
  • Thinking through others' emotions: Incorporating the role of emotional state inference in thinking through other minds.
    Behav. Brain. Sci. (IF 17.333) Pub Date : 2020-05-28
    Ryan Smith,Richard D Lane

    The active inference framework offers an attractive starting point for understanding cultural cognition. Here, we argue that affective dynamics are essential to include when constructing this type of theory. We highlight ways in which interactions between emotional responses and the perception of those responses, both within and between individuals, can play central roles in both motivating and constraining

    更新日期:2020-05-28
  • A deeper and distributed search for culture.
    Behav. Brain. Sci. (IF 17.333) Pub Date : 2020-05-28
    Paul S Strand

    The target article does not address the neural mediation of complex social behavior. I review evidence that such mediation may be compatible with proposed Bayesian information-processing principles. Notably, however, such mediation occurs subcortically as well as cortically, concerns reward uncertainty and information uncertainty, and impacts culture via group-level payoff structures that define individualism

    更新日期:2020-05-28
  • The dark side of thinking through other minds.
    Behav. Brain. Sci. (IF 17.333) Pub Date : 2020-05-28
    Sander Van de Cruys,Francis Heylighen

    We show that TTOM has a lot to offer for the study of the evolution of cultures, but that this also brings to the fore the dark implications of TTOM, unexposed in Veissière et al. Those implications lead us to move beyond meme-centered or an organism-centered concept of fitness based on free-energy minimization, toward a social system-centered view.

    更新日期:2020-05-28
  • Participating in a musician's stream of consciousness.
    Behav. Brain. Sci. (IF 17.333) Pub Date : 2020-05-28
    Björn Vickhoff

    Do we acquire culture through other minds, or do we get access to other minds through culture? Music culture is a practice as well as the people involved. Sounding music works as a script guiding action, as do, to varying degrees, many rituals and customs. Collective co-performance of the script enables inter-subjectivity, which arguably contributes to the formation of subcultures. Shared-emotional

    更新日期:2020-05-28
  • A unified account of culture should accommodate animal cultures.
    Behav. Brain. Sci. (IF 17.333) Pub Date : 2020-05-28
    Andrew Whiten

    Discoveries about social learning and culture in non-human animals have burgeoned this century, yet despite aspiring to offer a unified account of culture, the target article neglects these discoveries almost totally. I offer an overview of principal findings in this field including phylogenetic reach, intraspecies pervasiveness, stability, fidelity, and attentional funnelling in social learning. Can

    更新日期:2020-05-28
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