当前期刊: BioScience Go to current issue    加入关注    本刊投稿指南
显示样式:        排序: IF: - GO 导出
我的关注
我的收藏
您暂时未登录!
登录
  • Using the Past to Understand the Present: Coping with Natural and Anthropogenic Noise
    Bioscience (IF 8.282) Pub Date : 2021-01-20
    Dylan G E Gomes; Clinton D Francis; Jesse R Barber

    Anthropogenic noise has received significant attention in recent years, and researchers have highlighted the ways in which animals might deal with these noise sources. However, much of our understanding of animal responses to this novel source of background acoustics lacks an evolutionary perspective. Natural sources of noise predate the origin of hearing organs in animals. Therefore, it is unlikely

    更新日期:2021-01-20
  • Impact Indicators for Biodiversity Conservation Research: Measuring Influence within and beyond Academia
    Bioscience (IF 8.282) Pub Date : 2021-01-20
    Tyrone H Lavery; Rachel Morgain; James A Fitzsimons; Jennie Fluin; Nicholas A Macgregor; Natasha M Robinson; Ben C Scheele; Katherine E Selwood; Rebecca Spindler; Holly Vuong; Simon West; Brendan A Wintle; David B Lindenmayer

    Measuring, reporting, and forecasting research impact beyond academia has become increasingly important to demonstrate and understand real-world benefits. This is arguably most important in crisis disciplines such as medicine, environmental sustainability and biodiversity conservation, where application of new knowledge is urgently needed to improve health and environmental outcomes. Increasing focus

    更新日期:2021-01-20
  • In Their Own Words: Peter Raven
    Bioscience (IF 8.282) Pub Date : 2021-01-06
    Verdier J.

    AbstractIn Their Own Words chronicles the stories of scientists who have made great contributions to their fields. These short histories provide our readers a way to learn from and share their experiences. Each month, we will publish in the pages of BioScience and on our podcast, BioScience Talks (http://bioscienceaibs.libsyn.com), the results of these conversations. This history is with Peter Raven

    更新日期:2021-01-20
  • Evolutionary History Drives Biogeographic Patterns of Coral Reef Resilience
    Bioscience (IF 8.282) Pub Date : 2020-12-16
    Roff G.

    AbstractModern-day Indo-Pacific coral reefs are characterized by rapid recovery driven by pulses of coral recruitment, but Caribbean reefs exhibit low rates of recruitment and poor recovery following a wide range of disturbance events. The contrasting evolutionary history of coral taxa offers key insight into biogeographic patterns of coral resilience. Following the closure of the Isthmus of Panama

    更新日期:2021-01-08
  • Forest Restoration and Fuels Reduction: Convergent or Divergent?
    Bioscience (IF 8.282) Pub Date : 2020-12-02
    Stephens S, Battaglia M, Churchill D, et al.

    AbstractFor over 20 years, forest fuel reduction has been the dominant management action in western US forests. These same actions have also been associated with the restoration of highly altered frequent-fire forests. Perhaps the vital element in the compatibility of these treatments is that both need to incorporate the salient characteristics that frequent fire produced—variability in vegetation

    更新日期:2021-01-08
  • Behavioral Causes, Ecological Consequences, and Management Challenges Associated with Wildlife Foraging in Human-Modified Landscapes
    Bioscience (IF 8.282) Pub Date : 2020-11-10
    Fehlmann G, O'riain M, FÜrtbauer I, et al.

    AbstractHumans have altered up to half of the world's land surface. Wildlife living within or close to these human-modified landscapes are presented with opportunities and risks associated with feeding on human-derived foods (e.g., agricultural crops and food waste). Understanding whether and how wildlife adapts to these landscapes is a major challenge, with thousands of studies published on the topic

    更新日期:2021-01-08
  • Three Frontiers for the Future of Biodiversity Research Using Citizen Science Data
    Bioscience (IF 8.282) Pub Date : 2020-11-10
    Callaghan C, Poore A, Mesaglio T, et al.

    AbstractCitizen science is fundamentally shifting the future of biodiversity research. But although citizen science observations are contributing an increasingly large proportion of biodiversity data, they only feature in a relatively small percentage of research papers on biodiversity. We provide our perspective on three frontiers of citizen science research, areas that we feel to date have had minimal

    更新日期:2021-01-08
  • In Their Own Words: Alan Covich
    Bioscience (IF 8.282) Pub Date : 2020-12-19
    Verdier J.

    AbstractIn Their Own Words chronicles the stories of scientists who have made great contributions to their fields. These short histories provide our readers a way to learn from and share their experiences. Each month, we will publish in the pages of BioScience and on our podcast, BioScience Talks (http://bioscienceaibs.libsyn.com), the results of these conversations. This history is with Dr. Alan Covich

    更新日期:2021-01-06
  • Calendar of meetings
    Bioscience (IF 8.282) Pub Date : 2020-12-19

    The BioScience calendar is published in every issue. Announcements must be received at least two months (by the first of the month) before publication. Address correspondence to CALENDAR, BioScience, 950 Herndon Parkway, Suite 450, Herndon, VA, 20170; e-mail: dbosnjak@aibs.org.

    更新日期:2020-12-21
  • Synthesis in Ecology
    Bioscience (IF 8.282) Pub Date : 2020-12-19
    Scott L Collins

    Synthesis is an important activity for scientific advancement, and BioScience fills an important publishing niche for synthesis in ecology and conservation biology. In the mid-1990s, the National Science Foundation (NSF) established the National Center for Ecological Analysis and Synthesis (NCEAS) to foster collaboration among researchers and to encourage the use of existing data to seek general patterns

    更新日期:2020-12-21
  • Not All Nitrogen Is Created Equal: Differential Effects of Nitrate and Ammonium Enrichment in Coastal Wetlands
    Bioscience (IF 8.282) Pub Date : 2020-12-09
    Jennifer L Bowen; Anne E Giblin; Anna E Murphy; Ashley N Bulseco; Linda A Deegan; David S Johnson; James A Nelson; Thomas J Mozdzer; Hillary L Sullivan

    Excess reactive nitrogen (N) flows from agricultural, suburban, and urban systems to coasts, where it causes eutrophication. Coastal wetlands take up some of this N, thereby ameliorating the impacts on nearshore waters. Although the consequences of N on coastal wetlands have been extensively studied, the effect of the specific form of N is not often considered. Both oxidized N forms (nitrate, NO3−)

    更新日期:2020-12-21
  • Frontiers in Cultural Ecosystem Services: Toward Greater Equity and Justice in Ecosystem Services Research and Practice
    Bioscience (IF 8.282) Pub Date : 2020-11-10
    Rachelle K Gould; Leah L Bremer; Pua'ala Pascua; Kelly Meza-Prado

    Cultural ecosystem services (CES) are associated with diverse and profound values, such as spiritual fulfillment, cultural heritage, and identity-related phenomena. Early ecosystem services research often omitted these deep meanings, but they are increasingly explored in recent studies through a range of disciplinary and epistemological perspectives. In the present article, we distill emerging frontiers

    更新日期:2020-12-21
  • Jaw Epidemic: A Reply to Singh
    Bioscience (IF 8.282) Pub Date : 2020-11-05
    Sandra Kahn; Paul Ehrlich; Marcus Feldman; Robert Sapolsky; Simon Wong

    First, we would like to thank Dr. Singh for his useful comments. We'll respond in his sequence.

    更新日期:2020-12-21
  • Response to “The Jaw Epidemic: Recognition, Origins, Cures, and Prevention”
    Bioscience (IF 8.282) Pub Date : 2020-11-05
    G Dave Singh

    The recent overview by Kahn and colleagues (2020) was very interesting; however, certain additional concepts are provided here to augment this fascinating topic.

    更新日期:2020-12-21
  • Corridors of Clarity: Four Principles to Overcome Uncertainty Paralysis in the Anthropocene
    Bioscience (IF 8.282) Pub Date : 2020-10-28
    Stephen Polasky; Anne-Sophie Crépin; Reinette (Oonsie) Biggs; Stephen R Carpenter; Carl Folke; Garry Peterson; Marten Scheffer; Scott Barrett; Gretchen Daily; Paul Ehrlich; Richard B Howarth; Terry Hughes; Simon A Levin; Jason F Shogren; Max Troell; Brian Walker; Anastasios Xepapadeas

    Global environmental change challenges humanity because of its broad scale, long-lasting, and potentially irreversible consequences. Key to an effective response is to use an appropriate scientific lens to peer through the mist of uncertainty that threatens timely and appropriate decisions surrounding these complex issues. Identifying such corridors of clarity could help understanding critical phenomena

    更新日期:2020-12-21
  • Silent Scourge: Microplastics in Water, Food, and Air: Scientists focus on the human health effects of ubiquitous plastics.
    Bioscience (IF 8.282) Pub Date : 2020-10-17
    Cheryl Lyn Dybas

    COVID-19 has had devastating consequences to the global economy and human health. Beyond causing a serious respiratory illness, the SARS-CoV-2 virus has brought a new and largely overlooked public health threat: more potentially harmful microplastics in the environment, this time from discarded personal protective equipment (PPE).

    更新日期:2020-12-21
  • Evaluating Trophic Status as a Proxy of Aquatic Ecosystem Service Provisioning on the Basis of Guidelines
    Bioscience (IF 8.282) Pub Date : 2020-10-15
    Nicolas F ST-Gelais; Jean-François Lapierre; Robert Siron; Roxane Maranger

    Ecologists typically associate water quality with trophic status, where oligotrophic is considered excellent and presumably provides more aquatic ecosystem services. However, water quality is perceived differently among observers with different worldviews. For example, agriculture and public health sectors quantify the provisioning of aquatic ecosystem services on the basis of different guidelines

    更新日期:2020-12-21
  • FKBP5: A Key Mediator of How Vertebrates Flexibly Cope with Adversity
    Bioscience (IF 8.282) Pub Date : 2020-10-15
    Cedric Zimmer; Haley E Hanson; Derek E Wildman; Monica Uddin; Lynn B Martin

    Flexibility in the regulation of the hypothalamic–pituitary–adrenal (HPA) axis is an important mediator of stress resilience as it helps organisms adjust to, avoid, or compensate for acute and chronic challenges across changing environmental contexts. Glucocorticoids remain the favorite metric from medicine to conservation biology to attempt to quantify stress resilience despite the skepticism around

    更新日期:2020-12-21
  • Pervasive, Unsafe Exposures to Mercury and Fluoride, Developmental Toxicants that Are Biologically Plausible Causal Agents in the Jaw Epidemic
    Bioscience (IF 8.282) Pub Date : 2020-11-02
    Kristin G Homme; David C Kennedy; Michael Aschner

    Kahn and colleagues (2020) highlight the underrecognized, modern epidemic of jaw shrinkage, including crowded teeth and constricted airways, but overlook a powerful explanatory variable: our pervasive exposures to developmental toxicants. In a landmark 2014 review on environmental causes for the epidemics of neurodevelopmental disorders, which affect 10%–15% of all US births, 11 common chemicals were

    更新日期:2020-11-17
  • Natural History Collections Are Required to Advance Science, Solve Problems
    Bioscience (IF 8.282) Pub Date : 2020-11-16
    Robert E Gropp

    As is illustrated in BioScience’s recently released special collection, Natural History Collections: Advancing the Frontiers of Science (https://academic.oup.com/bioscience/pages/natural-history-collections), new tools and techniques for mobilizing and using biodiversity data from natural history collections are catalyzing innovative science. However, these collections (the physical facilities and

    更新日期:2020-11-17
  • Publishing Environmental Assessment and Management Science: Crossing the Hurdles
    Bioscience (IF 8.282) Pub Date : 2020-09-30
    Efroymson R, Peterson M.

    AbstractBenefits accrue to scientists, resource managers, companies, and policymakers when environmental scientists publish in peer-reviewed journals. However, environmental scientists and practitioners face challenges, including the sometimes low value placed on journal articles, institutional vested interests in outcomes, and the changing priorities of employers and project sponsors. Confidentiality

    更新日期:2020-11-17
  • Fence Ecology: Frameworks for Understanding the Ecological Effects of Fences
    Bioscience (IF 8.282) Pub Date : 2020-09-30
    Alex McInturff; Wenjing Xu; Christine E Wilkinson; Nandintsetseg Dejid; Justin S Brashares

    Investigations of the links between human infrastructure and ecological change have provided eye-opening insights into humanity's environmental impacts and contributed to global environmental policies. Fences are globally ubiquitous, yet they are often omitted from discussions of anthropogenic impacts. In the present article, we address this gap through a systematic literature review on the ecological

    更新日期:2020-11-17
  • Ecological Synthesis and Its Role in Advancing Knowledge
    Bioscience (IF 8.282) Pub Date : 2020-09-30
    Halpern B, Berlow E, Williams R, et al.

    AbstractSynthesis has become ubiquitous in ecology. Despite its widespread application to a broad range of research topics, it remains unclear how synthesis has affected the discipline. Using a case study of publications (n = 2304) from the National Center for Ecological Analysis and Synthesis compared with papers with similar keywords from the Web of Science (n = 320,000), we address several questions

    更新日期:2020-11-17
  • Tree Planting of the People, by the People, for the People
    Bioscience (IF 8.282) Pub Date : 2020-09-26
    Jianguo Gao

    The word ecology is a combination of the Greek words oikos and logos. In the past century and a half, the complex network interconnecting humans and the environment has always been ecology's distinguishing feature. While ecology is perhaps the most economical discipline besides economy, large-scale tree planting that has been hurriedly implemented in recent years is destroying this criterion. Although

    更新日期:2020-11-17
  • Wolf Delisting Challenges Demonstrate Need for an Improved Framework for Conserving Intraspecific Variation under the Endangered Species Act.
    Bioscience (IF 8.282) Pub Date : 2020-10-29
    Carroll C, Rohlf D, vonHoldt B, et al.

    AbstractRecent advances in genomics have increased our understanding of geographic patterns of intraspecific variation and the importance of this variation in enhancing species’ potential to adapt to novel threats. However, as part of an effort to limit the scope of the Endangered Species Act (ESA), the US government has proposed the removal of the gray wolf from the list of protected species on the

    更新日期:2020-10-29
  • Perception and Conflict in Conservation: The Rashomon Effect
    Bioscience (IF 8.282) Pub Date : 2020-10-28
    Levin P, Gray S, Möllmann C, et al.

    AbstractConflict is a common feature in conservation and resource management. Environmental conflicts are frequently attributed to differences in values; however, variability in the perception of facts, rooted in social and cultural differences also underlies conflicts. Such differences in perception have been termed the Rashomon effect after the Kurosawa film. In the present article, we explore a

    更新日期:2020-10-28
  • How We Can Advance Ecosystem Stewardship
    Bioscience (IF 8.282) Pub Date : 2020-10-23
    Carpenter S.

    Grassroots Stewardship. Chapin F Stuart. Oxford University Press, 2020. 240 pp., illus. $34.95 (ISBN: 9,780,190,081,195 cloth).

    更新日期:2020-10-23
  • Calendar of meetings
    Bioscience (IF 8.282) Pub Date : 2020-10-16

    The BioScience calendar is published in every issue. Announcements must be received at least two months (by the first of the month) before publication. Address correspondence to CALENDAR, BioScience, 950 Herndon Parkway, Suite 450, Herndon, VA, 20170; e-mail: dbosnjak@aibs.org.

    更新日期:2020-10-17
  • In Their Own Words: Marvalee Wake
    Bioscience (IF 8.282) Pub Date : 2020-10-16
    James M Verdier

    In Their Own Words chronicles the stories of scientists who have made great contributions to their fields. These short histories provide our readers a way to learn from and share their experiences. Each month, we will publish in the pages of BioScience and on our podcast, BioScience Talks (http://bioscienceaibs.libsyn.com), the results of these conversations. This history is with Marvalee Wake, professor

    更新日期:2020-10-17
  • Coping with Sea-Level Rise in African Protected Areas: Priorities for Action and Adaptation Measures
    Bioscience (IF 8.282) Pub Date : 2020-09-16
    José C Brito; Marisa Naia

    Sea-level rise, a consequence of climate change, is progressively affecting coastal areas around the globe. In turn, protected areas are keystones for protecting coastal biodiversity and the ecosystems services ensuring sustainable livelihoods. Effective management and adaptation plans are needed to maintain ecological function and integrity. In the present article, we used a coastal digital elevation

    更新日期:2020-10-17
  • The Ecology of Disturbance Interactions
    Bioscience (IF 8.282) Pub Date : 2020-09-16
    Burton P, Jentsch A, Walker L.

    AbstractGlobal change has been accompanied by recent increases in the frequency and intensity of various ecological disturbances (e.g., fires, floods, cyclones), both natural and anthropogenic in origin. Because these disturbances often interact, their cumulative and synergistic effects can result in unforeseen consequences, such as insect outbreaks, crop failure, and progressive ecosystem degradation

    更新日期:2020-10-17
  • Bringing Botany into Focus: Addressing Plant Blindness in Undergraduates Through an Immersive Botanical Experience
    Bioscience (IF 8.282) Pub Date : 2020-09-16
    Jessica Colon; Nichole Tiernan; Simone Oliphant; Ateev Shirajee; Jonathan Flickinger; Hong Liu; Javier Francisco-Ortega; Melissa McCartney

    Undergraduate science, technology, engineering, and math students (STEM) are usually not attuned to the intricacies of plant life histories or to the dynamic role plants play in ecosystems and human society, a phenomenon termed plant blindness. Botany education has declined in the past decades, whereas career paths that need and benefit from a workforce with botanical knowledge have increased. Consequently

    更新日期:2020-10-17
  • Single-Stream Recycling Inspires Selective Fish Passage Solutions for the Connectivity Conundrum in Aquatic Ecosystems
    Bioscience (IF 8.282) Pub Date : 2020-09-16
    Daniel P Zielinski; Robert L McLaughlin; Thomas C Pratt; R Andrew Goodwin; Andrew M Muir

    Barrier removal is a recognized solution for reversing river fragmentation, but restoring connectivity can have consequences for both desirable and undesirable species, resulting in a connectivity conundrum. Selectively passing desirable taxa while restricting the dispersal of undesirable taxa (selective connectivity) would solve many aspects of the connectivity conundrum. Selective connectivity is

    更新日期:2020-10-17
  • Towards Global Volunteer Monitoring of Odonate Abundance
    Bioscience (IF 8.282) Pub Date : 2020-09-16
    Jason Bried; Leslie Ries; Brenda Smith; Michael Patten; John Abbott; Joan Ball-Damerow; Robert Cannings; Adolfo Cordero-Rivera; Alex Córdoba-Aguilar; Paulo De Marco; Klaas-Douwe Dijkstra; Aleš Dolný; Roy van Grunsven; David Halstead; Filip Harabiš; Christopher Hassall; Martin Jeanmougin; Colin Jones; Leandro Juen; Vincent Kalkman; Gabriella Kietzka; Celeste Searles Mazzacano; Albert Orr; Mary Ann Perron;

    Insects are reportedly experiencing widespread declines, but we generally have sparse data on their abundance. Correcting this shortfall will take more effort than professional entomologists alone can manage. Volunteer nature enthusiasts can greatly help to monitor the abundance of dragonflies and damselflies (Odonata), iconic freshwater sentinels and one of the few nonpollinator insect groups appreciated

    更新日期:2020-10-17
  • Biodiversity Collections, Data, and COVID
    Bioscience (IF 8.282) Pub Date : 2020-09-01
    Beth Baker

    At this writing, more than 24 million cases of coronavirus disease (COVID-19) have been tracked around the globe, and there have been more than 825,000 deaths. The numbers are increasing dramatically, especially in the United States and the global South. Yet researchers still do not know where SARS-CoV-2 (severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2) originated or how it spread. An unidentified

    更新日期:2020-10-17
  • Undergraduate Biology Instructors Still Use Mostly Teacher-Centered Discourse Even When Teaching with Active Learning Strategies
    Bioscience (IF 8.282) Pub Date : 2020-07-29
    Kranzfelder P, Bankers-Fulbright J, García-Ojeda M, et al.

    AbstractReform efforts in undergraduate science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) instruction often emphasize student-centered teaching approaches, but relatively little attention is paid to the way STEM teachers use discourse when interacting with their students. In the present study, we examined the instructional and discourse behaviors of biology faculty members (N = 20) teaching

    更新日期:2020-10-17
  • Urban Ecology: Taking It Back to the H. T. Odum School of Systems Ecology
    Bioscience (IF 8.282) Pub Date : 2020-07-22
    Burger J.

    Understanding Urban Ecology: An Interdisciplinary Systems Approach. Hall Myrna H P, Balogh Stephen B, editors. Springer Nature, 2019. 382 pp. (ISBN: 9,783,030,112,585, hardcover).

    更新日期:2020-10-17
  • Regional Collections Are an Essential Component of Biodiversity Research Infrastructure
    Bioscience (IF 8.282) Pub Date : 2020-10-08
    Anna K Monfils; Erica R Krimmel; John M Bates; Jennifer E Bauer; Michael W Belitz; Blake C Cahill; Alyssa M Caywood; Neil S Cobb; Julia B Colby; Shari A Ellis; Dianna M Krejsa; Todd D Levine; Travis D Marsico; Teresa J Mayfield-Meyer; Jess A Miller-Camp; Roy M (Gil) Nelson; Molly A Phillips; Marcia A Revelez; Dawn R Roberts; Randal A Singer; Jennifer M Zaspel

    Natural history collections (NHCs) archive and provide access to biodiversity records by preserving biological, paleontological, and geological specimens and their associated data. Worldwide, there are thousands of NHCs curating over 2 billion specimens that represent over a million taxa (Mehrhoff 1997). Varying considerably in size and scope, NHCs are united in curating specimens and data in support

    更新日期:2020-10-08
  • At 50, Janzen–Connell Has Come of Age
    Bioscience (IF 8.282) Pub Date : 2020-10-07
    John Terborgh

    Fifty years ago, Janzen (1970) and Connell (1971) independently published a revolutionary idea to explain the hyperdiverse tree communities of the tropics. The essential observations were that seedfall is concentrated in the vicinity of fruiting trees, whereas saplings recruit at a distance from reproductive conspecifics. These observations were encapsulated in a simple focal-tree model constructed

    更新日期:2020-10-07
  • The Inquiry Cycle and Applied Inquiry Cycle: Integrated Frameworks for Field Studies in the Environmental Sciences
    Bioscience (IF 8.282) Pub Date : 2020-10-07
    Peter Feinsinger; Iralys Ventosa Rodríguez; Andrea E Izquierdo; Silvana Buzato

    Empirical place-based studies remain the research mode of most environmental field scientists. For their own sake and that of synthetic analyses based on them, such studies should follow rigorous, integrated frameworks for formulating, designing, executing, analyzing, interpreting, and reporting investigations. The inquiry cycle and applied inquiry cycle provide such frameworks: research questions

    更新日期:2020-10-07
  • Beyond Specimens: Research, Education, and Policy
    Bioscience (IF 8.282) Pub Date : 2020-09-18
    E Sally Chang

    The BioScience calendar is published in every issue. Announcements must be received at least two months (by the first of the month) before publication. Address correspondence to CALENDAR, BioScience, 950 Herndon Parkway, Suite 450, Herndon, VA, 20,170; e-mail: dbosnjak@aibs.org.

    更新日期:2020-09-20
  • Calendar of meetings
    Bioscience (IF 8.282) Pub Date : 2020-09-18

    The BioScience calendar is published in every issue. Announcements must be received at least two months (by the first of the month) before publication. Address correspondence to CALENDAR, BioScience, 950 Herndon Parkway, Suite 450, Herndon, VA, 20,170; e-mail: dbosnjak@aibs.org.

    更新日期:2020-09-18
  • Arts and Science in BioScience
    Bioscience (IF 8.282) Pub Date : 2020-09-18
    Scott L Collins; Robert E Gropp

    The American Institute of Biological Sciences (AIBS) is pleased to announce a new section in our journal, BioScience—Arts in Science. Enhancing the journal's role as a forum for integrating the life sciences, this new section provides an occasional venue for poems, visual art, and other forms of artistic expression that explore and enliven our understanding of life.

    更新日期:2020-09-18
  • Platypus
    Bioscience (IF 8.282) Pub Date : 2020-09-18
    Rob Jackson

    Enriching BioScience's role as a Forum for Integrating the Life Sciences, Arts in Science provides an occasional venue for poems, visual art, and other forms of artistic expression that explore and enliven our understanding of life. Through the contributions in this section, we hope to share with our readers the passion for nature that science inspires.

    更新日期:2020-09-18
  • In Their Own Words: Neil deGrasse Tyson
    Bioscience (IF 8.282) Pub Date : 2020-09-18

    In Their Own Words chronicles the stories of scientists who have made great contributions to their fields. These short histories provide our readers a way to learn from and share their experiences. Each month, we will publish in the pages of BioScience and on our podcast, BioScience Talks (http://bioscienceaibs.libsyn.com), the results of these conversations. This history is with Neil deGrasse Tyson

    更新日期:2020-09-18
  • Rebuilding
    Bioscience (IF 8.282) Pub Date : 2020-09-18
    Rob Jackson

    Enriching BioScience's role as a Forum for Integrating the Life Sciences, Arts in Science provides an occasional venue for poems, visual art, and other forms of artistic expression that explore and enliven our understanding of life. Through the contributions in this section, we hope to share with our readers the passion for nature that science inspires.

    更新日期:2020-09-18
  • Naked mole rat (HETEROCEPHALUS GLABER)
    Bioscience (IF 8.282) Pub Date : 2020-09-18
    Ian Wicks

    Enriching BioScience's role as a Forum for Integrating the Life Sciences, Arts in Science provides an occasional venue for poems, visual art, and other forms of artistic expression that explore and enliven our understanding of life. Through the contributions in this section, we hope to share with our readers the passion for nature that science inspires.

    更新日期:2020-09-18
  • Biologists Discovering the Value of Artificial Intelligence: From dolphins to diatoms, AI streamlines research.
    Bioscience (IF 8.282) Pub Date : 2020-08-28
    Gail Dutton

    A decade ago, oceanographers studying the effects of the Deepwater Horizon oil spill on dolphins were faced with listening to and classifying more than 52 million echolocation signals.

    更新日期:2020-09-18
  • A Severe Lack of Evidence Limits Effective Conservation of the World's Primates.
    Bioscience (IF 8.282) Pub Date : 2020-08-26
    Jessica Junker,Silviu O Petrovan,Victor Arroyo-RodrÍguez,Ramesh Boonratana,Dirck Byler,Colin A Chapman,Dilip Chetry,Susan M Cheyne,Fanny M Cornejo,Liliana CortÉs-Ortiz,Guy Cowlishaw,Alec P Christie,Catherine Crockford,Stella De La Torre,Fabiano R De Melo,P Fan,Cyril C Grueter,Diana C GuzmÁn-Caro,Eckhard W Heymann,Ilka Herbinger,Minh D Hoang,Robert H Horwich,Tatyana Humle,Rachel A Ikemeh,Inaoyom S Imong

    Threats to biodiversity are well documented. However, to effectively conserve species and their habitats, we need to know which conservation interventions do (or do not) work. Evidence-based conservation evaluates interventions within a scientific framework. The Conservation Evidence project has summarized thousands of studies testing conservation interventions and compiled these as synopses for various

    更新日期:2020-09-18
  • The Complexity of Urban Eco-evolutionary Dynamics
    Bioscience (IF 8.282) Pub Date : 2020-08-26
    Marina Alberti; Eric P Palkovacs; Simone Des Roches; Luc De Meester; Kristien I Brans; Lynn Govaert; Nancy B Grimm; Nyeema C Harris; Andrew P Hendry; Christopher J Schell; Marta Szulkin; Jason Munshi-South; Mark C Urban; Brian C Verrelli

    Urbanization is changing Earth's ecosystems by altering the interactions and feedbacks between the fundamental ecological and evolutionary processes that maintain life. Humans in cities alter the eco-evolutionary play by simultaneously changing both the actors and the stage on which the eco-evolutionary play takes place. Urbanization modifies land surfaces, microclimates, habitat connectivity, ecological

    更新日期:2020-09-18
  • An Analysis of US State Regulated Weed Lists: A Discordance between Biology and Policy
    Bioscience (IF 8.282) Pub Date : 2020-08-26
    Vasiliy T Lakoba; Rachel K Brooks; David C Haak; Jacob N Barney

    Weedy and invasive plants threaten our food supply, native biodiversity, and the structure and function of ecosystems. The number and impact of these damaging plants are expected to continue to grow with ongoing global change. Some of the most common policy tools to help mitigate this threat are regulatory weed lists, which limit the importation and movement of listed plant species, but there has never

    更新日期:2020-09-18
  • Global Cropland Connectivity: A Risk Factor for Invasion and Saturation by Emerging Pathogens and Pests.
    Bioscience (IF 8.282) Pub Date : 2020-07-29
    Yanru Xing,John F Hernandez Nopsa,Kelsey F Andersen,Jorge L Andrade-Piedra,Fenton D Beed,Guy Blomme,Mónica Carvajal-Yepes,Danny L Coyne,Wilmer J Cuellar,Gregory A Forbes,Jan F Kreuze,Jürgen Kroschel,P Lava Kumar,James P Legg,Monica Parker,Elmar Schulte-Geldermann,Kalpana Sharma,Karen A Garrett

    The geographic pattern of cropland is an important risk factor for invasion and saturation by crop-specific pathogens and arthropods. Understanding cropland networks supports smart pest sampling and mitigation strategies. We evaluate global networks of cropland connectivity for key vegetatively propagated crops (banana and plantain, cassava, potato, sweet potato, and yam) important for food security

    更新日期:2020-09-18
  • 6&6: A Transdisciplinary Approach to Art–Science Collaboration
    Bioscience (IF 8.282) Pub Date : 2020-07-29
    Sarah E Clark; Eric Magrane; Thomas Baumgartner; Scott E K Bennett; Michael Bogan; Taylor Edwards; Mark A Dimmitt; Heather Green; Charles Hedgcock; Benjamin M Johnson; Maria R Johnson; Kathleen Velo; Benjamin T Wilder

    Despite an historical connection between the arts and sciences, in the past century, the two disciplines have been greatly siloed. However, there is a renewed interest in collaboration across the arts and sciences to support conservation practice by understanding and communicating complex environmental, social, and cultural challenges in novel ways. 6&6 was created as a transdisciplinary art–science

    更新日期:2020-09-18
  • Gender Differences in Grant Submissions across Science and Engineering Fields at the NSF.
    Bioscience (IF 8.282) Pub Date : 2020-07-29
    Leslie J RissleR,Katherine L Hale,Nina R Joffe,Nicholas M Caruso

    There has been great growth in women's participation in the US academic doctoral workforce, but underrepresentation remains in all science and engineering fields, especially at high academic ranks. We obtained estimates of the numbers of professorial women and men in fields likely to seek funding from the National Science Foundation and aligned those numbers with each of six research directorates to

    更新日期:2020-09-18
  • The Jaw Epidemic: Recognition, Origins, Cures, and Prevention.
    Bioscience (IF 8.282) Pub Date : 2020-07-22
    Sandra Kahn,Paul Ehrlich,Marcus Feldman,Robert Sapolsky,Simon Wong

    Contemporary humans are living very different lives from those of their ancestors, and some of the changes have had serious consequences for health. Multiple chronic “diseases of civilization,” such as cardiovascular problems, cancers, ADHD, and dementias are prevalent, increasing morbidity rates. Stress, including the disruption of traditional sleep patterns by modern lifestyles, plays a prominent

    更新日期:2020-09-18
  • Pitfalls of Tree Planting Show Why We Need People-Centered Natural Climate Solutions
    Bioscience (IF 8.282) Pub Date : 2020-09-16
    Forrest Fleischman; Shishir Basant; Ashwini Chhatre; Eric A Coleman; Harry W Fischer; Divya Gupta; Burak Güneralp; Prakash Kashwan; Dil Khatri; Robert Muscarella; Jennifer S Powers; Vijay Ramprasad; Pushpendra Rana; Claudia Rodriguez Solorzano; Joseph W Veldman

    Scientists, corporations, mystics, and movie stars have convinced policymakers around the world that a massive campaign to plant trees should be an essential element of global climate policy. Public dialogue has emphasized potential benefits of tree planting while downplaying pitfalls and limitations that are well established by social and ecological research. We argue that if natural climate solutions

    更新日期:2020-09-16
  • Long Term Ecological Research Network Celebrates 40 Years of Discovery: The network has inspired international and agricultural endeavors.
    Bioscience (IF 8.282) Pub Date : 2020-09-09
    Amy Mayer

    Acid rain can fall far from the site of the human activity that caused it. The diversity of functions performed by plants can be more important to an ecosystem's processes than the number of different species present. The roots of tundra plants take up organic nitrogen, providing some of their necessary nutrition.

    更新日期:2020-09-10
  • Corrigendum: Gender Differences in Grant Submissions across Science and Engineering Fields at the NSF
    Bioscience (IF 8.282) Pub Date : 2020-08-18
    Leslie J Rissler; Katherine L Hale; Nina R Joffe; Nicholas M Caruso

    Since the original publication of this paper, the following changes have been made:

    更新日期:2020-08-18
  • Resiliency: The Answer for Professional and Scientific Societies
    Bioscience (IF 8.282) Pub Date : 2020-08-17
    Robert E Gropp

    It has been said that one should never let a good crisis go to waste. There are always lessons to be learned and opportunities to be seized. Of late, there is certainly no lack of serious crises facing society. There is also no lack of crises confronting the scientific enterprise—particularly, professional societies and related research and science education organizations.

    更新日期:2020-08-17
  • Calendar of meetings
    Bioscience (IF 8.282) Pub Date : 2020-08-17

    The BioScience calendar is published in every issue. Announcements must be received at least two months (by the first of the month) before publication. Address correspondence to CALENDAR, BioScience, 950 Herndon Parkway, Suite 450, Herndon, VA, 20170; e-mail: dbosnjak@aibs.org.

    更新日期:2020-08-17
Contents have been reproduced by permission of the publishers.
导出
全部期刊列表>>
微生物研究