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  • Global Cropland Connectivity: A Risk Factor for Invasion and Saturation by Emerging Pathogens and Pests
    Bioscience (IF 8.282) Pub Date : 2020-07-29
    Yanru Xing; John F Hernandez Nopsa; Kelsey F Andersen; Jorge L Andrade-Piedra; Fenton D Beed; Guy Blomme; Mónica Carvajal-Yepes; Danny L Coyne; Wilmer J Cuellar; Gregory A Forbes; Jan F Kreuze; Jürgen Kroschel; P Lava Kumar; James P Legg; Monica Parker; Elmar Schulte-Geldermann; Kalpana Sharma; Karen A Garrett

    The geographic pattern of cropland is an important risk factor for invasion and saturation by crop-specific pathogens and arthropods. Understanding cropland networks supports smart pest sampling and mitigation strategies. We evaluate global networks of cropland connectivity for key vegetatively propagated crops (banana and plantain, cassava, potato, sweet potato, and yam) important for food security

    更新日期:2020-07-29
  • 6&6: A Transdisciplinary Approach to Art–Science Collaboration
    Bioscience (IF 8.282) Pub Date : 2020-07-29
    Sarah E Clark; Eric Magrane; Thomas Baumgartner; Scott E K Bennett; Michael Bogan; Taylor Edwards; Mark A Dimmitt; Heather Green; Charles Hedgcock; Benjamin M Johnson; Maria R Johnson; Kathleen Velo; Benjamin T Wilder

    Despite an historical connection between the arts and sciences, in the past century, the two disciplines have been greatly siloed. However, there is a renewed interest in collaboration across the arts and sciences to support conservation practice by understanding and communicating complex environmental, social, and cultural challenges in novel ways. 6&6 was created as a transdisciplinary art–science

    更新日期:2020-07-29
  • Gender Differences in Grant Submissions across Science and Engineering Fields at the NSF
    Bioscience (IF 8.282) Pub Date : 2020-07-29
    Leslie J RissleR; Katherine L Hale; Nina R Joffe; Nicholas M Caruso

    There has been great growth in women's participation in the US academic doctoral workforce, but underrepresentation remains in all science and engineering fields, especially at high academic ranks. We obtained estimates of the numbers of professorial women and men in fields likely to seek funding from the National Science Foundation and aligned those numbers with each of six research directorates to

    更新日期:2020-07-29
  • Undergraduate Biology Instructors Still Use Mostly Teacher-Centered Discourse Even When Teaching with Active Learning Strategies
    Bioscience (IF 8.282) Pub Date : 2020-07-29
    Petra Kranzfelder; Jennifer L Bankers-Fulbright; Marcos E García-Ojeda; Marin Melloy; Sagal Mohammed; Abdi-Rizak M Warfa

    Reform efforts in undergraduate science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) instruction often emphasize student-centered teaching approaches, but relatively little attention is paid to the way STEM teachers use discourse when interacting with their students. In the present study, we examined the instructional and discourse behaviors of biology faculty members (N = 20) teaching in undergraduate

    更新日期:2020-07-29
  • Urban Ecology: Taking It Back to the H. T. Odum School of Systems Ecology
    Bioscience (IF 8.282) Pub Date : 2020-07-22
    Joseph R Burger

    The BioScience calendar is published in every issue. Announcements must be received at least two months (by the first of the month) before publication. Address correspondence to CALENDAR, BioScience, 950 Herndon Parkway, Suite 450, Herndon, VA, 20170; e-mail: dbosnjak@aibs.org.

    更新日期:2020-07-29
  • The Jaw Epidemic: Recognition, Origins, Cures, and Prevention
    Bioscience (IF 8.282) Pub Date : 2020-07-22
    Sandra Kahn; Paul Ehrlich; Marcus Feldman; Robert Sapolsky; Simon Wong

    Contemporary humans are living very different lives from those of their ancestors, and some of the changes have had serious consequences for health. Multiple chronic “diseases of civilization,” such as cardiovascular problems, cancers, ADHD, and dementias are prevalent, increasing morbidity rates. Stress, including the disruption of traditional sleep patterns by modern lifestyles, plays a prominent

    更新日期:2020-07-22
  • Building Natural History Collections for the Twenty-First Century and Beyond
    Bioscience (IF 8.282) Pub Date : 2020-07-15
    Sara E Miller; Lisa N Barrow; Sean M Ehlman; Jessica A Goodheart; Stephen E Greiman; Holly L Lutz; Tracy M Misiewicz; Stephanie M Smith; Milton Tan; Christopher J Thawley; Joseph A Cook; Jessica E Light

    Natural history collections (NHCs) are important resources for a diverse array of scientific fields. Recent digitization initiatives have broadened the user base of NHCs, and new technological innovations are using materials generated from collections to address novel scientific questions. Simultaneously, NHCs are increasingly imperiled by reductions in funding and resources. Ensuring that NHCs continue

    更新日期:2020-07-15
  • Considering the Case for Diversity in Natural Resources
    Bioscience (IF 8.282) Pub Date : 2020-07-15
    Chelsea Batavia; Brooke E Penaluna; Thea Rose Lemberger; Michael Paul Nelson

    Although there is widespread support for diversity in natural resources, diversity is valued for different reasons. It is important to understand and critically examine these reasons, to ensure diversity efforts express clear thinking and appropriate motivations. We compiled recent (2000–2019) diversity literature in fisheries, forestry, range, and wildlife, and used a qualitative coding procedure

    更新日期:2020-07-15
  • Engaging Indigenous Peoples and Local Communities in Environmental Management Could Alleviate Scale Mismatches in Social–Ecological Systems
    Bioscience (IF 8.282) Pub Date : 2020-07-08
    Mark R Herse; Phil O’B Lyver; Nigel Scott; Angus R McIntosh; Simon C Coats; Andrew M Gormley; Jason M Tylianakis

    Scale mismatches in social–ecological systems constrain conservation by obscuring signals of environmental change, which could otherwise feed back to inform adaptive responses and solutions. We argue that engaging indigenous peoples and local communities (IPLC) in place-based environmental management could generate the fine-resolution information and workforce needed to alleviate scale mismatches.

    更新日期:2020-07-08
  • Key Principles for Managing Recovery of Kelp Forests through Restoration
    Bioscience (IF 8.282) Pub Date : 2020-07-08
    Rebecca L Morris; Robin Hale; Elisabeth M A Strain; Simon E Reeves; Adriana Vergés; Ezequiel M Marzinelli; Cayne Layton; Victor Shelamoff; Tristan D J Graham; Mathilde Chevalier; Stephen E Swearer

    There is increasing interest in mitigating the loss of kelp forests through restoration, but this has received scant attention relative to other coastal habitats. We evaluate current knowledge centered on key restoration principles to provide guidelines for best practice in kelp restoration. The cause and scale of degradation is fundamental in determining if kelp can be restored and the methods required

    更新日期:2020-07-08
  • Calendar of meetings
    Bioscience (IF 8.282) Pub Date : 2020-07-08

    The BioScience calendar is published in every issue. Announcements must be received at least two months (by the first of the month) before publication. Address correspondence to CALENDAR, BioScience, 950 Herndon Parkway, Suite 450, Herndon, VA, 20170; e-mail: dbosnjak@aibs.org.

    更新日期:2020-07-08
  • In Their Own Words: Douglas Futuyma
    Bioscience (IF 8.282) Pub Date : 2020-07-08
    James M Verdier

    In Their Own Words chronicles the stories of scientists who have made great contributions to their fields, particularly within the biological sciences. These short oral histories provide our readers a way to learn from and share their experiences. Each month, we will publish in the pages of BioScience and on our podcast, BioScience Talks (http://bioscienceaibs.libsyn.com), the results of these conversations

    更新日期:2020-07-08
  • Subconscious Biases in Coral Reef Fish Studies
    Bioscience (IF 8.282) Pub Date : 2020-07-01
    David R Bellwood; Christopher R Hemingson; Sterling B Tebbett

    In complex, diverse ecosystems, one is faced with an exceptionally challenging decision: which species to examine first and why? This raises the question: Is there evidence of subconscious biases in study species selection? Likewise, is there evidence of this bias in selecting methods, locations, and times? We addressed these questions by surveying the literature on the most diverse group of vertebrates

    更新日期:2020-07-08
  • Human Health, Interagency Coordination, and the Need for Biodiversity Data
    Bioscience (IF 8.282) Pub Date : 2020-06-24
    Jennifer M Zaspel; Julie M Allen; Christopher D Tyrrell; Nate Lemoine; Luke M Jacobus; Crystal Klem; Jillian Goodwin; John M Bates

    The importance of understanding the interconnectedness of individual humans and the environment has never been more urgent. The current global health crisis illustrates how interlinked human welfare is with the natural world. The health effects related to biodiversity extend far beyond pathogens like SARS-CoV-2 to agriculture and food security, wildlife and recreation, clean water access, veterinary

    更新日期:2020-07-08
  • Primary Drivers of Reptile Overwintering Habitat Suitability: Integrating Wetland Ecohydrology and Spatial Complexity
    Bioscience (IF 8.282) Pub Date : 2020-06-24
    Chantel E Markle; Paul A Moore; James M Waddington

    Identifying ecosystems resilient to climate and land-use changes is recognized as essential for conservation strategies. However, wetland ecosystems may respond differently to stressors depending on their successional state and the strength of ecohydrological feedbacks resulting in fluctuations in habitat availability and suitability. Long-term habitat suitability is necessary for the persistence of

    更新日期:2020-07-08
  • Tree Transpiration and Urban Temperatures: Current Understanding, Implications, and Future Research Directions
    Bioscience (IF 8.282) Pub Date : 2020-06-24
    Joy B Winbourne; Taylor S Jones; Sarah M Garvey; Jamie L Harrison; Liang Wang; Dan Li; Pamela H Templer; L R Hutyra

    The expansion of an urban tree canopy is a commonly proposed nature-based solution to combat excess urban heat. The influence trees have on urban climates via shading is driven by the morphological characteristics of trees, whereas tree transpiration is predominantly a physiological process dependent on environmental conditions and the built environment. The heterogeneous nature of urban landscapes

    更新日期:2020-07-08
  • Integrating Biodiversity Infrastructure into Pathogen Discovery and Mitigation of Emerging Infectious Diseases
    Bioscience (IF 8.282) Pub Date : 2020-06-24
    Joseph A Cook; Satoru Arai; Blas Armién; John Bates; Carlos A Carrion Bonilla; Maria Beatriz de Souza Cortez; Jonathan L Dunnum; Adam W Ferguson; Karl M Johnson; Faisal Ali Anwarali Khan; Deborah L Paul; DeeAnn M Reeder; Marcia A Revelez; Nancy B Simmons; Barbara M Thiers; Cody W Thompson; Nathan S Upham; Maarten P M Vanhove; Paul W Webala; Marcelo Weksler; Richard Yanagihara; Pamela S Soltis

    The global human suffering, economic damage, and social disruption we are currently experiencing from the COVID-19 pandemic stem from inadequate preparedness and ineffective response to emerging pathogens. At its core, the COVID-19 pandemic is a consequence of our fundamental ignorance of our planet's natural ecosystems and the effects of our encroachment on them. Our reactive approaches to the emergence

    更新日期:2020-07-08
  • Conceptual Links between Landscape Diversity and Diet Diversity: A Roadmap for Transdisciplinary Research
    Bioscience (IF 8.282) Pub Date : 2020-06-24
    Sarah E Gergel; Bronwen Powell; FrÉdÉric Baudron; Sylvia L R Wood; Jeanine M Rhemtulla; Gina Kennedy; Laura V Rasmussen; Amy Ickowitz; Matthew E Fagan; Erica A H Smithwick; Jessica Ranieri; Stephen A Wood; Jeroen C J Groot; Terry C H Sunderland

    Malnutrition linked to poor quality diets affects at least 2 billion people. Forests, as well as agricultural systems linked to trees, are key sources of dietary diversity in rural settings. In the present article, we develop conceptual links between diet diversity and forested landscape mosaics within the rural tropics. First, we summarize the state of knowledge regarding diets obtained from forests

    更新日期:2020-07-08
  • Mainstreaming Microbes across Biomes
    Bioscience (IF 8.282) Pub Date : 2020-06-17
    Laurence J Clarke; Penelope J Jones; Hans Ammitzboll; Leon A Barmuta; Martin F Breed; Anthony Chariton; Michael Charleston; Vongai Dakwa; Fera Dewi; Rajaraman Eri; Nicholas M Fountain-Jones; Jules Freeman; Dave Kendal; Rebecca McDougal; Eric J Raes; Swan Li San Sow; Timothy Staples; Brodie Sutcliffe; Ravichandra Vemuri; Laura S Weyrich; Emily J Flies

    Bacteria, fungi, and other microorganisms in the environment (i.e., environmental microbiomes) provide vital ecosystem services and affect human health. Despite their importance, public awareness of environmental microbiomes has lagged behind that of human microbiomes. A key problem has been a scarcity of research demonstrating the microbial connections across environmental biomes (e.g., marine, soil)

    更新日期:2020-07-08
  • The Conundrum of Academic Publishing
    Bioscience (IF 8.282) Pub Date : 2020-06-13
    Lesley Evans Ogden

    Academic publishing is in flux. Historically, dissemination of research through academic journals has been based on paid library or institutional subscriptions, with most content held behind a paywall. That is now changing with a global call for open access—a model of scholarly communication intended to increase accessibility of research results to the reader.

    更新日期:2020-07-08
  • Looking Forward, Not Backward in Considering the Needs for Social Science in Wildlife Management
    Bioscience (IF 8.282) Pub Date : 2020-06-09
    Michael J Manfredo; Leeann Sullivan; Jonathan Salerno; Joel Berger

    Fish and wildlife management relies heavily on biological information in decision-making, which is inadequate for dealing with so many conservation issues that are rooted in competing social values. We argue that this situation begs for increased use of social science in wildlife management. Williams disagrees, arguing that social science has been well integrated into wildlife management for years

    更新日期:2020-07-08
  • Social Science Integration in US Wildlife Management
    Bioscience (IF 8.282) Pub Date : 2020-06-09
    Mary A Williams

    Manfredo and colleagues (2019) recently shared their viewpoint that there is a “philosophy in wildlife management that embraces science while simultaneously invalidating social science as a legitimate form thereof.” Contrary to this opinion, however, one only has to look into history and at current work being done to see that there has been and currently still is an active embracement and incorporation

    更新日期:2020-07-08
  • Connections and Feedback: Aquatic, Plant, and Soil Microbiomes in Heterogeneous and Changing Environments
    Bioscience (IF 8.282) Pub Date : 2020-05-13
    Walter K Dodds; Lydia H Zeglin; Robert J Ramos; Thomas G Platt; Aakash Pandey; Theo Michaels; Mohammadali Masigol; Anna M L Klompen; Michelle C Kelly; Ari Jumpponen; Emma Hauser; Paige M Hansen; Mitchell J Greer; Niloufar Fattahi; Camille S Delavaux; R Kent Connell; Sharon Billings; James D Bever; Niloy Barua; Folashade B Agusto

    Plant, soil, and aquatic microbiomes interact, but scientists often study them independently. Integrating knowledge across these traditionally separate subdisciplines will generate better understanding of microbial ecological properties. Interactions among plant, soil, and aquatic microbiomes, as well as anthropogenic factors, influence important ecosystem processes, including greenhouse gas fluxes

    更新日期:2020-07-08
  • Machine Learning Using Digitized Herbarium Specimens to Advance Phenological Research
    Bioscience (IF 8.282) Pub Date : 2020-05-13
    Katelin D Pearson; Gil Nelson; Myla F J Aronson; Pierre Bonnet; Laura Brenskelle; Charles C Davis; Ellen G Denny; Elizabeth R Ellwood; Hervé Goëau; J Mason Heberling; Alexis Joly; Titouan Lorieul; Susan J Mazer; Emily K Meineke; Brian J Stucky; Patrick Sweeney; Alexander E White; Pamela S Soltis

    Machine learning (ML) has great potential to drive scientific discovery by harvesting data from images of herbarium specimens—preserved plant material curated in natural history collections—but ML techniques have only recently been applied to this rich resource. ML has particularly strong prospects for the study of plant phenological events such as growth and reproduction. As a major indicator of climate

    更新日期:2020-07-08
  • Wildfire-Driven Forest Conversion in Western North American Landscapes
    Bioscience (IF 8.282) Pub Date : 2020-07-01
    Jonathan D Coop; Sean A Parks; Camille S Stevens-Rumann; Shelley D Crausbay; Philip E Higuera; Matthew D Hurteau; Alan Tepley; Ellen Whitman; Timothy Assal; Brandon M Collins; Kimberley T Davis; Solomon Dobrowski; Donald A Falk; Paula J Fornwalt; Peter Z Fulé; Brian J Harvey; Van R Kane; Caitlin E Littlefield; Ellis Q Margolis; Malcolm North; Marc-André Parisien; Susan Prichard; Kyle C Rodman

    Changing disturbance regimes and climate can overcome forest ecosystem resilience. Following high-severity fire, forest recovery may be compromised by lack of tree seed sources, warmer and drier postfire climate, or short-interval reburning. A potential outcome of the loss of resilience is the conversion of the prefire forest to a different forest type or nonforest vegetation. Conversion implies major

    更新日期:2020-07-01
  • Insights across the Ecology of Coral Reefs and African Savannas: Are Parrotfish Wet Wildebeest?
    Bioscience (IF 8.282) Pub Date : 2020-07-01
    Deron E Burkepile; Melissa H Schmitt; Keenan Stears; Mary K Donovan; Dave I Thompson

    Comparison across terrestrial and aquatic ecosystems facilitates a broader understanding of ecological patterns. Although meta-analyses are important for quantitative synthesis across ecosystems, detailed comparisons of natural history and species interactions also illuminate convergence among systems. We compare the ecology of superficially dissimilar African savannas and coral reefs via shared characteristics

    更新日期:2020-07-01
  • Researchers Continue Quest to Contain Spread of COVID-19: Digital technologies aim to accelerate contact tracing.
    Bioscience (IF 8.282) Pub Date : 2020-06-30
    John H Tibbetts

    The BioScience calendar is published in every issue. Announcements must be received at least two months (by the first of the month) before publication. Address correspondence to CALENDAR, BioScience, 950 Herndon Parkway, Suite 450, Herndon, VA, 20170; e-mail: dbosnjak@aibs.org.

    更新日期:2020-06-30
  • Calendar of meetings
    Bioscience (IF 8.282) Pub Date : 2020-06-08

    The BioScience calendar is published in every issue. Announcements must be received at least two months (by the first of the month) before publication. Address correspondence to CALENDAR, BioScience, 950 Herndon Parkway, Suite 450, Herndon, VA, 20170; e-mail: dbosnjak@aibs.org.

    更新日期:2020-06-08
  • COVID-19 and the Bioeconomy
    Bioscience (IF 8.282) Pub Date : 2020-06-08

    For members of the public and lawmakers who have doubted the importance of biology to human well-being, the SARS-CoV-2 pandemic provides overwhelming evidence that investments in the biological sciences are essential public benefits. Biologists must use the focus provided by this moment of global pain and uncertainty to remind policymakers that science, when it is marshaled and its findings are incorporated

    更新日期:2020-06-08
  • In Their Own Words: Judith Weis
    Bioscience (IF 8.282) Pub Date : 2020-05-29
    James Verdier

    In Their Own Words chronicles the stories of scientists who have made great contributions to their fields, particularly within the biological sciences. These short oral histories provide our readers a way to learn from and share their experiences. Each month, we will publish in the pages of BioScience and in our podcast, BioScience Talks (http://bioscienceaibs.libsyn.com), the results of these conversations

    更新日期:2020-05-29
  • Killing the Behavioral Zombie: Genes, Evolution, and Why Behavior Isn’t Special
    Bioscience (IF 8.282) Pub Date : 2020-05-13
    Marlene Zuk; Hamish G Spencer

    The nature–nurture controversy seems to be a scientific zombie, an idea that will not die despite ample evidence that it is inaccurate and even damaging to our ideas about how characteristics evolve. The dilemma is particularly clear with regard to behavioral traits, such as intelligence or sexual orientation, where thinking that genes or the environment predominate can lead to flawed conclusions.

    更新日期:2020-05-13
  • Primary Forests Are Undervalued in the Climate Emergency
    Bioscience (IF 8.282) Pub Date : 2020-05-08
    Dominick A Dellasala; Cyril F Kormos; Heather Keith; Brendan Mackey; Virginia Young; Brendan Rogers; Russell A Mittermeier

    Scientists are increasingly alarmed by the accelerating climate and biodiversity crises, as, for example, Ripple and colleagues (2020), recently published in BioScience and signed by three of us (DAD, BM, BR) during the initiating letter. However, decision-makers rarely recognize the inextricable link between biodiversity and climate change. We cannot solve one without the other. Earth's biosphere

    更新日期:2020-05-08
  • Climate Crisis, Science, and Education
    Bioscience (IF 8.282) Pub Date : 2020-05-08
    Chantal Pouliot; Isabelle Arseneau; Audrey Groleau

    On 5 November 2019, 11,000 scientists wrote a letter to once again alert decision-makers about the collapse of biodiversity and the unprecedented suffering humanity is exposed to if they do not address the climate crisis as soon as possible (Ripple et al. 2020). Briefly said, the world is in danger and a paradigm shift is needed. The current environmental crisis calls for a different view of scientists’

    更新日期:2020-05-08
  • The Climate Emergency, Forests, and Transformative Change
    Bioscience (IF 8.282) Pub Date : 2020-05-08
    William J Ripple; Christopher Wolf; Thomas M Newsome; Phoebe Barnard; William R Moomaw; Barbara Maas; Beverly E Law

    We appreciate the letters by Pouliot and colleagues (2020) and DellaSala and colleagues (2020) about our recent article “World Scientists’ Warning of a Climate Emergency” (Ripple et al. 2020). Pouliot and colleagues (2020) call for more scientists, teachers, and citizens to become engaged advocates, and we agree on the importance of this in that failure of these groups to engage confirms the dangerous

    更新日期:2020-05-08
  • A Research Framework to Integrate Cross-Ecosystem Responses to Tropical Cyclones
    Bioscience (IF 8.282) Pub Date : 2020-05-06
    J Aaron Hogan; Rusty A Feagin; Gregory Starr; Michael Ross; Teng-Chiu Lin; Christine O’connell; Thomas P Huff; Beth A Stauffer; Kelly L Robinson; Maria Chapela Lara; Jianhong Xue; Brandi Kiel Reese; Simon J Geist; Elizabeth R Whitman; Sarah Douglas; Victoria M Congdon; Joseph W Reustle; Rachel S Smith; David Lagomasino; Bradley A Strickland; Sara S Wilson; C Edward Proffitt; J Derek Hogan; Benjamin

    Tropical cyclones play an increasingly important role in shaping ecosystems. Understanding and generalizing their responses is challenging because of meteorological variability among storms and its interaction with ecosystems. We present a research framework designed to compare tropical cyclone effects within and across ecosystems that: a) uses a disaggregating approach that measures the responses

    更新日期:2020-05-06
  • Global Overview of Ecosystem Services Provided by Riparian Vegetation
    Bioscience (IF 8.282) Pub Date : 2020-05-06
    Tenna Riis; Mary Kelly-Quinn; Francisca C Aguiar; Paraskevi Manolaki; Daniel Bruno; María D Bejarano; Nicola Clerici; María Rosário Fernandes; José C Franco; Neil Pettit; Ana P Portela; Olga Tammeorg; Priit Tammeorg; Patricia M Rodríguez-González; Simon Dufour

    Fluvial riparian vegetation (RV) links fluvial and terrestrial ecosystems. It is under significant pressure from anthropogenic activities, and, therefore, the management and restoration of RV are increasingly important worldwide. RV has been investigated from different perspectives, so knowledge on its structure and function is widely distributed. An important step forward is to convert existing knowledge

    更新日期:2020-05-06
  • Connected Carabids: Network Interactions and Their Impact on Biocontrol by Carabid Beetles.
    Bioscience (IF 8.282) Pub Date : 2020-05-06
    Stefanie E De Heij,Christian J Willenborg

    Carabid beetles can greatly contribute to biocontrol in agroecosystems, reducing both insect pests and weed seeds. However, insect foraging and feeding behavior can be highly dependent on the interaction network and spatial structure of the environment, which can make their biocontrol contributions variable. In the present article, we explore how the interaction network of carabids can affect their

    更新日期:2020-05-06
  • Policy for Bioeconomic Growth
    Bioscience (IF 8.282) Pub Date : 2020-04-29
    Jyotsna L Pandey

    Policymakers around the world increasingly look to biology to strengthen economies and promote national security and well-being. But what is the bioeconomy, and how can policy promote its growth?

    更新日期:2020-04-29
  • Acknowledging the Elephant in the Room
    Bioscience (IF 8.282) Pub Date : 2020-04-29
    Henry Bart; Laurie O’Brien; Donna Garcia

    Maria Miriti's article in the March issue of BioScience, “The elephant in the room: Race and STEM [science, technology, engineering, and math] diversity” (https://doi.org/10.1093/biosci/biz167) is certain to be welcome reading for scholars of color scattered across STEM departments of US majority academic institutions. As authors of a recent study in which we examined the severe and persistent underrepresentation

    更新日期:2020-04-29
  • A Novel Framework to Protect Animal Data in a World of Ecosurveillance
    Bioscience (IF 8.282) Pub Date : 2020-04-29
    Robert J Lennox; Robert Harcourt; Joseph R Bennett; Alasdair Davies; Adam T Ford; Remo M Frey; Matt W Hayward; Nigel E Hussey; Sara J Iverson; Roland Kays; Steven T Kessel; Clive Mcmahon; Monica Muelbert; Taryn S Murray; Vivian M Nguyen; Jonathan D Pye; Dominique G Roche; Frederick G Whoriskey; Nathan Young; Steven J Cooke

    Surveillance of animal movements using electronic tags (i.e., biotelemetry) has emerged as an essential tool for both basic and applied ecological research and monitoring. Advances in animal tracking are occurring simultaneously with changes to technology, in an evolving global scientific culture that increasingly promotes data sharing and transparency. However, there is a risk that misuse of biotelemetry

    更新日期:2020-04-29
  • Neuroscientists Reach for More Branches on the Tree of Life: Diverse study species offer evolutionary insights.
    Bioscience (IF 8.282) Pub Date : 2020-04-27
    Carolyn Beans

    Zoe Donaldson wants to know what happens in the brain to make individuals pair up. When she was a graduate student at Emory University, she settled on two vole species—one monogamous, one promiscuous—as the perfect study subjects for answering such a question. But to definitively connect their social behavior back to gene expression in the brain, she knew she would have to manipulate the vole genome—a

    更新日期:2020-04-27
  • Policy Implementation Halts Deforestation in Winter Habitat of Monarch Butterflies in Mexico
    Bioscience (IF 8.282) Pub Date : 2020-04-22
    José Juan Flores-Martínez; Eduardo Rendón-Salinas; Anuar Martínez-Pacheco; Rubén Salinas-Galicia; Mariana Munguía-Carrara; Jorge Rickards; Sahotra Sarkar; Víctor Sánchez-Cordero

    The migration of the North American monarch butterfly (Danaus plexippus) population is an extraordinary biological phenomenon that has been under threat for some time. Decreases in monarch numbers arriving at overwintering sites in the core zones of the Monarch Butterfly Biosphere Reserve (MBBR) in Mexico, has been documented for the last decade and has raised international concern (Vidal and Rendón-Salinas

    更新日期:2020-04-22
  • A Metacommunity Approach to Improve Biological Assessments in Highly Dynamic Freshwater Ecosystems.
    Bioscience (IF 8.282) Pub Date : 2020-04-22
    Núria Cid,Núria Bonada,Jani Heino,Miguel Cañedo-Argüelles,Julie Crabot,Romain Sarremejane,Janne Soininen,Rachel Stubbington,Thibault Datry

    Rapid shifts in biotic communities due to environmental variability challenge the detection of anthropogenic impacts by current biomonitoring programs. Metacommunity ecology has the potential to inform such programs, because it combines dispersal processes with niche-based approaches and recognizes variability in community composition. Using intermittent rivers-prevalent and highly dynamic ecosystems

    更新日期:2020-04-22
  • The Influence of Forests on Freshwater Fish in the Tropics: A Systematic Review.
    Bioscience (IF 8.282) Pub Date : 2020-04-01
    Michaela Lo,James Reed,Leandro Castello,E Ashley Steel,Emmanuel A Frimpong,Amy Ickowitz

    Tropical forests influence freshwater fish through multiple pathways, only some of which are well documented. We systematically reviewed the literature to assess the current state of knowledge on forests and freshwater fish in the tropics. The existing evidence is mostly concentrated in the neotropics. The majority of studies provided evidence that fish diversity was higher where there was more forest

    更新日期:2020-04-01
  • A Framework for Developing Connectivity Targets and Indicators to Guide Global Conservation Efforts.
    Bioscience (IF 8.282) Pub Date : 2019-12-18
    R Travis Belote,Paul Beier,Tyler Creech,Zachary Wurtzebach,Gary Tabor

    更新日期:2019-12-18
  • Biodiversity Science and the Twenty-First Century Workforce.
    Bioscience (IF 8.282) Pub Date : 2019-12-18
    Elizabeth R Ellwood,Jocelyn Anne Sessa,Joel K Abraham,Amber E Budden,Natalie Douglas,Robert Guralnick,Erica Krimmel,Tom Langen,Debra Linton,Molly Phillips,Pamela S Soltis,Marie Studer,Lisa D White,Jason Williams,Anna K Monfils

    更新日期:2019-12-18
  • Coproducing Science to Inform Working Lands: The Next Frontier in Nature Conservation.
    Bioscience (IF 8.282) Pub Date : 2019-12-18
    David E Naugle,Brady W Allred,Matthew O Jones,Dirac Twidwell,Jeremy D Maestas

    Conservationists are increasingly convinced that coproduction of science enhances its utility in policy, decision-making, and practice. Concomitant is a renewed reliance on privately owned working lands to sustain nature and people. We propose a coupling of these emerging trends as a better recipe for conservation. To illustrate this, we present five elements of coproduction, contrast how they differ

    更新日期:2019-12-18
  • The Extended Specimen Network: A Strategy to Enhance US Biodiversity Collections, Promote Research and Education.
    Bioscience (IF 8.282) Pub Date : 2019-11-22
    James Lendemer,Barbara Thiers,Anna K Monfils,Jennifer Zaspel,Elizabeth R Ellwood,Andrew Bentley,Katherine LeVan,John Bates,David Jennings,Dori Contreras,Laura Lagomarsino,Paula Mabee,Linda S Ford,Robert Guralnick,Robert E Gropp,Marcy Revelez,Neil Cobb,Katja Seltmann,M Catherine Aime

    更新日期:2019-11-22
  • Corrigendum: A Worm's World: Ecological Flexibility Pays Off for Free-Living Nematodes in Sediments and Soils.
    Bioscience (IF 8.282) Pub Date : 2019-11-14
    Michaela Schratzberger,Martijn Holterman,Dick Van Oevelen,Johannes Helder

    [This corrects the article DOI: 10.1093/biosci/biz086.].

    更新日期:2019-11-01
  • Breeding Centers, Private Ranches, and Genomics for Creating Sustainable Wildlife Populations.
    Bioscience (IF 8.282) Pub Date : 2019-11-14
    David Wildt,Philip Miller,Klaus-Peter Koepfli,Budhan Pukazhenthi,Katy Palfrey,Gavin Livingston,Dan Beetem,Stephen Shurter,Jimmy Gregory,Michael Takács,Kelley Snodgrass

    Human-induced changes to environments are causing species declines. Beyond preserving habitat (in situ), insurance (ex situ) populations are essential to prevent species extinctions. The Conservation Centers for Species Survival (C2S2) is leveraging space of breeding centers and private ranches to produce "source populations"-genetically diverse reservoirs that also support research and reintroductions

    更新日期:2019-11-01
  • Towards an Integrative, Eco-Evolutionary Understanding of Ecological Novelty: Studying and Communicating Interlinked Effects of Global Change.
    Bioscience (IF 8.282) Pub Date : 2019-11-14
    Tina Heger,Maud Bernard-Verdier,Arthur Gessler,Alex D Greenwood,Hans-Peter Grossart,Monika Hilker,Silvia Keinath,Ingo Kowarik,Christoph Kueffer,Elisabeth Marquard,Johannes Müller,Stephanie Niemeier,Gabriela Onandia,Jana S Petermann,Matthias C Rillig,Mark-Oliver Rödel,Wolf-Christian Saul,Conrad Schittko,Klement Tockner,Jasmin Joshi,Jonathan M Jeschke

    Global change has complex eco-evolutionary consequences for organisms and ecosystems, but related concepts (e.g., novel ecosystems) do not cover their full range. Here we propose an umbrella concept of "ecological novelty" comprising (1) a site-specific and (2) an organism-centered, eco-evolutionary perspective. Under this umbrella, complementary options for studying and communicating effects of global

    更新日期:2019-11-01
  • Improving the Integration of Restoration and Conservation in Marine and Coastal Ecosystems: Lessons from the Deepwater Horizon Disaster.
    Bioscience (IF 8.282) Pub Date : 2019-11-14
    Richard L Wallace,Sherryl Gilbert,John E Reynolds

    In the wake of the Deepwater Horizon disaster, much has been learned about the biological, ecological, physical, and chemical conditions of the Gulf of Mexico. In parallel, the research community has also gained insight about the social and organizational structures and processes necessary for oil spill response and subsequent marine and coastal restoration. However, even with these lessons from both

    更新日期:2019-11-01
  • Micro Methods for Megafauna: Novel Approaches to Late Quaternary Extinctions and Their Contributions to Faunal Conservation in the Anthropocene.
    Bioscience (IF 8.282) Pub Date : 2019-11-14
    Jillian A Swift,Michael Bunce,Joe Dortch,Kristina Douglass,J Tyler Faith,James A Fellows Yates,Judith Field,Simon G Haberle,Eileen Jacob,Chris N Johnson,Emily Lindsey,Eline D Lorenzen,Julien Louys,Gifford Miller,Alexis M Mychajliw,Viviane Slon,Natalia A Villavicencio,Michael R Waters,Frido Welker,Rachel Wood,Michael Petraglia,Nicole Boivin,Patrick Roberts

    Drivers of Late Quaternary megafaunal extinctions are relevant to modern conservation policy in a world of growing human population density, climate change, and faunal decline. Traditional debates tend toward global solutions, blaming either dramatic climate change or dispersals of Homo sapiens to new regions. Inherent limitations to archaeological and paleontological data sets often require reliance

    更新日期:2019-11-01
  • A Worm's World: Ecological Flexibility Pays Off for Free-Living Nematodes in Sediments and Soils.
    Bioscience (IF 8.282) Pub Date : 2019-11-14
    Michaela Schratzberger,Martijn Holterman,Dick van Oevelen,Johannes Helder

    Free-living nematodes, an ancient animal phylum of unsegmented microscopic roundworms, have successfully adapted to nearly every ecosystem on Earth: from marine and freshwater to land, from the polar regions to the tropics, and from the mountains to the ocean depths. They are globally the most abundant animals in sediments and soils. In the present article, we identify the factors that collectively

    更新日期:2019-11-01
  • Comment on Havens and colleagues (2019).
    Bioscience (IF 8.282) Pub Date : 2019-11-14
    Hariet L Hinz,Robert S Bourchier,U R S Schaffner,Mark Schwarzländer,Aaron Weed

    更新日期:2019-11-01
  • A Framework for Global Twenty-First Century Scenarios and Models of Biological Invasions.
    Bioscience (IF 8.282) Pub Date : 2019-09-19
    Bernd Lenzner,David Leclère,Oskar Franklin,Hanno Seebens,Núria Roura-Pascual,Michael Obersteiner,Stefan Dullinger,Franz Essl

    Biological invasions have emerged as an eminent feature of global change, with substantial impacts on the environment and human livelihoods. Current research demonstrates that the numbers and impacts of alien species are rising unabatedly. At the same time, we lack a thorough understanding of potential future trajectories for the decades to come. With the recent establishment of comprehensive global

    更新日期:2019-11-01
  • Enabling Green and Blue Infrastructure to Improve Contributions to Human Well-Being and Equity in Urban Systems.
    Bioscience (IF 8.282) Pub Date : 2019-07-17
    Erik Andersson,Johannes Langemeyer,Sara Borgström,Timon McPhearson,Dagmar Haase,Jakub Kronenberg,David N Barton,McKenna Davis,Sandra Naumann,Lina Röschel,Francesc Baró

    The circumstances under which different ecosystem service benefits can be realized differ. The benefits tend to be coproduced and to be enabled by multiple interacting social, ecological, and technological factors, which is particularly evident in cities. As many cities are undergoing rapid change, these factors need to be better understood and accounted for, especially for those most in need of benefits

    更新日期:2019-11-01
  • The Ecological Paw Print of Companion Dogs and Cats.
    Bioscience (IF 8.282) Pub Date : 2019-06-14
    Pim Martens,Bingtao Su,Samantha Deblomme

    As an indicator of sustainable development, the ecological footprint has been successful in providing a basis for discussing the environmental impacts of human consumption. Humans are at the origin of numerous pollutant activities on Earth and are the primary drivers of climate change. However, very little research has been conducted on the environmental impacts of animals, especially companion animals

    更新日期:2019-11-01
  • Integrating Subjective and Objective Dimensions of Resilience in Fire-Prone Landscapes.
    Bioscience (IF 8.282) Pub Date : 2019-05-16
    Philip E Higuera,Alexander L Metcalf,Carol Miller,Brian Buma,David B McWethy,Elizabeth C Metcalf,Zak Ratajczak,Cara R Nelson,Brian C Chaffin,Richard C Stedman,Sarah McCaffrey,Tania Schoennagel,Brian J Harvey,Sharon M Hood,Courtney A Schultz,Anne E Black,David Campbell,Julia H Haggerty,Robert E Keane,Meg A Krawchuk,Judith C Kulig,Rebekah Rafferty,Arika Virapongse

    Resilience has become a common goal for science-based natural resource management, particularly in the context of changing climate and disturbance regimes. Integrating varying perspectives and definitions of resilience is a complex and often unrecognized challenge to applying resilience concepts to social-ecological systems (SESs) management. Using wildfire as an example, we develop a framework to

    更新日期:2019-11-01
  • Direct Ties to a Faculty Mentor Related to Positive Outcomes for Undergraduate Researchers.
    Bioscience (IF 8.282) Pub Date : 2019-05-16
    Megha Joshi,Melissa L Aikens,Erin L Dolan

    Mentored research is critical for integrating undergraduates into the scientific community. Undergraduate researchers experience a variety of mentoring structures, including dyads (i.e., direct mentorship by faculty) and triads (i.e., mentorship by graduate or postdoctoral researchers [postgraduates] and faculty). Social capital theory suggests that these structures may offer different resources that

    更新日期:2019-11-01
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