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  • Calendar of meetings
    Bioscience (IF 8.282) Pub Date : 2020-10-16

    The BioScience calendar is published in every issue. Announcements must be received at least two months (by the first of the month) before publication. Address correspondence to CALENDAR, BioScience, 950 Herndon Parkway, Suite 450, Herndon, VA, 20170; e-mail: dbosnjak@aibs.org.

    更新日期:2020-10-17
  • In Their Own Words: Marvalee Wake
    Bioscience (IF 8.282) Pub Date : 2020-10-16
    James M Verdier

    In Their Own Words chronicles the stories of scientists who have made great contributions to their fields. These short histories provide our readers a way to learn from and share their experiences. Each month, we will publish in the pages of BioScience and on our podcast, BioScience Talks (http://bioscienceaibs.libsyn.com), the results of these conversations. This history is with Marvalee Wake, professor

    更新日期:2020-10-17
  • Coping with Sea-Level Rise in African Protected Areas: Priorities for Action and Adaptation Measures
    Bioscience (IF 8.282) Pub Date : 2020-09-16
    José C Brito; Marisa Naia

    Sea-level rise, a consequence of climate change, is progressively affecting coastal areas around the globe. In turn, protected areas are keystones for protecting coastal biodiversity and the ecosystems services ensuring sustainable livelihoods. Effective management and adaptation plans are needed to maintain ecological function and integrity. In the present article, we used a coastal digital elevation

    更新日期:2020-10-17
  • The Ecology of Disturbance Interactions
    Bioscience (IF 8.282) Pub Date : 2020-09-16
    Burton P, Jentsch A, Walker L.

    AbstractGlobal change has been accompanied by recent increases in the frequency and intensity of various ecological disturbances (e.g., fires, floods, cyclones), both natural and anthropogenic in origin. Because these disturbances often interact, their cumulative and synergistic effects can result in unforeseen consequences, such as insect outbreaks, crop failure, and progressive ecosystem degradation

    更新日期:2020-10-17
  • Bringing Botany into Focus: Addressing Plant Blindness in Undergraduates Through an Immersive Botanical Experience
    Bioscience (IF 8.282) Pub Date : 2020-09-16
    Jessica Colon; Nichole Tiernan; Simone Oliphant; Ateev Shirajee; Jonathan Flickinger; Hong Liu; Javier Francisco-Ortega; Melissa McCartney

    Undergraduate science, technology, engineering, and math students (STEM) are usually not attuned to the intricacies of plant life histories or to the dynamic role plants play in ecosystems and human society, a phenomenon termed plant blindness. Botany education has declined in the past decades, whereas career paths that need and benefit from a workforce with botanical knowledge have increased. Consequently

    更新日期:2020-10-17
  • Single-Stream Recycling Inspires Selective Fish Passage Solutions for the Connectivity Conundrum in Aquatic Ecosystems
    Bioscience (IF 8.282) Pub Date : 2020-09-16
    Daniel P Zielinski; Robert L McLaughlin; Thomas C Pratt; R Andrew Goodwin; Andrew M Muir

    Barrier removal is a recognized solution for reversing river fragmentation, but restoring connectivity can have consequences for both desirable and undesirable species, resulting in a connectivity conundrum. Selectively passing desirable taxa while restricting the dispersal of undesirable taxa (selective connectivity) would solve many aspects of the connectivity conundrum. Selective connectivity is

    更新日期:2020-10-17
  • Towards Global Volunteer Monitoring of Odonate Abundance
    Bioscience (IF 8.282) Pub Date : 2020-09-16
    Jason Bried; Leslie Ries; Brenda Smith; Michael Patten; John Abbott; Joan Ball-Damerow; Robert Cannings; Adolfo Cordero-Rivera; Alex Córdoba-Aguilar; Paulo De Marco; Klaas-Douwe Dijkstra; Aleš Dolný; Roy van Grunsven; David Halstead; Filip Harabiš; Christopher Hassall; Martin Jeanmougin; Colin Jones; Leandro Juen; Vincent Kalkman; Gabriella Kietzka; Celeste Searles Mazzacano; Albert Orr; Mary Ann Perron;

    Insects are reportedly experiencing widespread declines, but we generally have sparse data on their abundance. Correcting this shortfall will take more effort than professional entomologists alone can manage. Volunteer nature enthusiasts can greatly help to monitor the abundance of dragonflies and damselflies (Odonata), iconic freshwater sentinels and one of the few nonpollinator insect groups appreciated

    更新日期:2020-10-17
  • Biodiversity Collections, Data, and COVID
    Bioscience (IF 8.282) Pub Date : 2020-09-01
    Beth Baker

    At this writing, more than 24 million cases of coronavirus disease (COVID-19) have been tracked around the globe, and there have been more than 825,000 deaths. The numbers are increasing dramatically, especially in the United States and the global South. Yet researchers still do not know where SARS-CoV-2 (severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2) originated or how it spread. An unidentified

    更新日期:2020-10-17
  • Undergraduate Biology Instructors Still Use Mostly Teacher-Centered Discourse Even When Teaching with Active Learning Strategies
    Bioscience (IF 8.282) Pub Date : 2020-07-29
    Kranzfelder P, Bankers-Fulbright J, García-Ojeda M, et al.

    AbstractReform efforts in undergraduate science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) instruction often emphasize student-centered teaching approaches, but relatively little attention is paid to the way STEM teachers use discourse when interacting with their students. In the present study, we examined the instructional and discourse behaviors of biology faculty members (N = 20) teaching

    更新日期:2020-10-17
  • Urban Ecology: Taking It Back to the H. T. Odum School of Systems Ecology
    Bioscience (IF 8.282) Pub Date : 2020-07-22
    Burger J.

    Understanding Urban Ecology: An Interdisciplinary Systems Approach. Hall Myrna H P, Balogh Stephen B, editors. Springer Nature, 2019. 382 pp. (ISBN: 9,783,030,112,585, hardcover).

    更新日期:2020-10-17
  • Publishing Environmental Assessment and Management Science: Crossing the Hurdles
    Bioscience (IF 8.282) Pub Date : 2020-09-30
    Rebecca A Efroymson; Mark J Peterson

    Benefits accrue to scientists, resource managers, companies, and policymakers when environmental scientists publish in peer-reviewed journals. However, environmental scientists and practitioners face challenges, including the sometimes low value placed on journal articles, institutional vested interests in outcomes, and the changing priorities of employers and project sponsors. Confidentiality agreements

    更新日期:2020-09-30
  • Fence Ecology: Frameworks for Understanding the Ecological Effects of Fences
    Bioscience (IF 8.282) Pub Date : 2020-09-30
    Alex McInturff; Wenjing Xu; Christine E Wilkinson; Nandintsetseg Dejid; Justin S Brashares

    Investigations of the links between human infrastructure and ecological change have provided eye-opening insights into humanity's environmental impacts and contributed to global environmental policies. Fences are globally ubiquitous, yet they are often omitted from discussions of anthropogenic impacts. In the present article, we address this gap through a systematic literature review on the ecological

    更新日期:2020-09-30
  • Ecological Synthesis and Its Role in Advancing Knowledge
    Bioscience (IF 8.282) Pub Date : 2020-09-30
    Benjamin S Halpern; Eric Berlow; Rich Williams; Elizabeth T Borer; Frank W Davis; Andy Dobson; Brian J Enquist; Halley E Froehlich; Leah R Gerber; Christopher J Lortie; Mary I O'connor; Helen Regan; Diego P Vázquez; Geoff Willard

    Synthesis has become ubiquitous in ecology. Despite its widespread application to a broad range of research topics, it remains unclear how synthesis has affected the discipline. Using a case study of publications (n = 2304) from the National Center for Ecological Analysis and Synthesis compared with papers with similar keywords from the Web of Science (n = 320,000), we address several questions about

    更新日期:2020-09-30
  • Tree Planting of the People, by the People, for the People
    Bioscience (IF 8.282) Pub Date : 2020-09-26
    Jianguo Gao

    The BioScience calendar is published in every issue. Announcements must be received at least two months (by the first of the month) before publication. Address correspondence to CALENDAR, BioScience, 950 Herndon Parkway, Suite 450, Herndon, VA, 20,170; e-mail: dbosnjak@aibs.org.

    更新日期:2020-09-26
  • Beyond Specimens: Research, Education, and Policy
    Bioscience (IF 8.282) Pub Date : 2020-09-18
    E Sally Chang

    The BioScience calendar is published in every issue. Announcements must be received at least two months (by the first of the month) before publication. Address correspondence to CALENDAR, BioScience, 950 Herndon Parkway, Suite 450, Herndon, VA, 20,170; e-mail: dbosnjak@aibs.org.

    更新日期:2020-09-20
  • Calendar of meetings
    Bioscience (IF 8.282) Pub Date : 2020-09-18

    The BioScience calendar is published in every issue. Announcements must be received at least two months (by the first of the month) before publication. Address correspondence to CALENDAR, BioScience, 950 Herndon Parkway, Suite 450, Herndon, VA, 20,170; e-mail: dbosnjak@aibs.org.

    更新日期:2020-09-18
  • Arts and Science in BioScience
    Bioscience (IF 8.282) Pub Date : 2020-09-18
    Scott L Collins; Robert E Gropp

    The American Institute of Biological Sciences (AIBS) is pleased to announce a new section in our journal, BioScience—Arts in Science. Enhancing the journal's role as a forum for integrating the life sciences, this new section provides an occasional venue for poems, visual art, and other forms of artistic expression that explore and enliven our understanding of life.

    更新日期:2020-09-18
  • Platypus
    Bioscience (IF 8.282) Pub Date : 2020-09-18
    Rob Jackson

    Enriching BioScience's role as a Forum for Integrating the Life Sciences, Arts in Science provides an occasional venue for poems, visual art, and other forms of artistic expression that explore and enliven our understanding of life. Through the contributions in this section, we hope to share with our readers the passion for nature that science inspires.

    更新日期:2020-09-18
  • In Their Own Words: Neil deGrasse Tyson
    Bioscience (IF 8.282) Pub Date : 2020-09-18

    In Their Own Words chronicles the stories of scientists who have made great contributions to their fields. These short histories provide our readers a way to learn from and share their experiences. Each month, we will publish in the pages of BioScience and on our podcast, BioScience Talks (http://bioscienceaibs.libsyn.com), the results of these conversations. This history is with Neil deGrasse Tyson

    更新日期:2020-09-18
  • Rebuilding
    Bioscience (IF 8.282) Pub Date : 2020-09-18
    Rob Jackson

    Enriching BioScience's role as a Forum for Integrating the Life Sciences, Arts in Science provides an occasional venue for poems, visual art, and other forms of artistic expression that explore and enliven our understanding of life. Through the contributions in this section, we hope to share with our readers the passion for nature that science inspires.

    更新日期:2020-09-18
  • Naked mole rat (HETEROCEPHALUS GLABER)
    Bioscience (IF 8.282) Pub Date : 2020-09-18
    Ian Wicks

    Enriching BioScience's role as a Forum for Integrating the Life Sciences, Arts in Science provides an occasional venue for poems, visual art, and other forms of artistic expression that explore and enliven our understanding of life. Through the contributions in this section, we hope to share with our readers the passion for nature that science inspires.

    更新日期:2020-09-18
  • Biologists Discovering the Value of Artificial Intelligence: From dolphins to diatoms, AI streamlines research.
    Bioscience (IF 8.282) Pub Date : 2020-08-28
    Gail Dutton

    A decade ago, oceanographers studying the effects of the Deepwater Horizon oil spill on dolphins were faced with listening to and classifying more than 52 million echolocation signals.

    更新日期:2020-09-18
  • A Severe Lack of Evidence Limits Effective Conservation of the World's Primates
    Bioscience (IF 8.282) Pub Date : 2020-08-26
    Jessica Junker; Silviu O Petrovan; Victor Arroyo-RodrÍguez; Ramesh Boonratana; Dirck Byler; Colin A Chapman; Dilip Chetry; Susan M Cheyne; Fanny M Cornejo; Liliana CortÉs-Ortiz; Guy Cowlishaw; Alec P Christie; Catherine Crockford; Stella De La Torre; Fabiano R De Melo; P Fan; Cyril C Grueter; Diana C GuzmÁn-Caro; Eckhard W Heymann; Ilka Herbinger; Minh D Hoang; Robert H Horwich; Tatyana Humle; Rachel

    Threats to biodiversity are well documented. However, to effectively conserve species and their habitats, we need to know which conservation interventions do (or do not) work. Evidence-based conservation evaluates interventions within a scientific framework. The Conservation Evidence project has summarized thousands of studies testing conservation interventions and compiled these as synopses for various

    更新日期:2020-09-18
  • The Complexity of Urban Eco-evolutionary Dynamics
    Bioscience (IF 8.282) Pub Date : 2020-08-26
    Marina Alberti; Eric P Palkovacs; Simone Des Roches; Luc De Meester; Kristien I Brans; Lynn Govaert; Nancy B Grimm; Nyeema C Harris; Andrew P Hendry; Christopher J Schell; Marta Szulkin; Jason Munshi-South; Mark C Urban; Brian C Verrelli

    Urbanization is changing Earth's ecosystems by altering the interactions and feedbacks between the fundamental ecological and evolutionary processes that maintain life. Humans in cities alter the eco-evolutionary play by simultaneously changing both the actors and the stage on which the eco-evolutionary play takes place. Urbanization modifies land surfaces, microclimates, habitat connectivity, ecological

    更新日期:2020-09-18
  • An Analysis of US State Regulated Weed Lists: A Discordance between Biology and Policy
    Bioscience (IF 8.282) Pub Date : 2020-08-26
    Vasiliy T Lakoba; Rachel K Brooks; David C Haak; Jacob N Barney

    Weedy and invasive plants threaten our food supply, native biodiversity, and the structure and function of ecosystems. The number and impact of these damaging plants are expected to continue to grow with ongoing global change. Some of the most common policy tools to help mitigate this threat are regulatory weed lists, which limit the importation and movement of listed plant species, but there has never

    更新日期:2020-09-18
  • Global Cropland Connectivity: A Risk Factor for Invasion and Saturation by Emerging Pathogens and Pests
    Bioscience (IF 8.282) Pub Date : 2020-07-29
    Yanru Xing; John F Hernandez Nopsa; Kelsey F Andersen; Jorge L Andrade-Piedra; Fenton D Beed; Guy Blomme; Mónica Carvajal-Yepes; Danny L Coyne; Wilmer J Cuellar; Gregory A Forbes; Jan F Kreuze; Jürgen Kroschel; P Lava Kumar; James P Legg; Monica Parker; Elmar Schulte-Geldermann; Kalpana Sharma; Karen A Garrett

    The geographic pattern of cropland is an important risk factor for invasion and saturation by crop-specific pathogens and arthropods. Understanding cropland networks supports smart pest sampling and mitigation strategies. We evaluate global networks of cropland connectivity for key vegetatively propagated crops (banana and plantain, cassava, potato, sweet potato, and yam) important for food security

    更新日期:2020-09-18
  • 6&6: A Transdisciplinary Approach to Art–Science Collaboration
    Bioscience (IF 8.282) Pub Date : 2020-07-29
    Sarah E Clark; Eric Magrane; Thomas Baumgartner; Scott E K Bennett; Michael Bogan; Taylor Edwards; Mark A Dimmitt; Heather Green; Charles Hedgcock; Benjamin M Johnson; Maria R Johnson; Kathleen Velo; Benjamin T Wilder

    Despite an historical connection between the arts and sciences, in the past century, the two disciplines have been greatly siloed. However, there is a renewed interest in collaboration across the arts and sciences to support conservation practice by understanding and communicating complex environmental, social, and cultural challenges in novel ways. 6&6 was created as a transdisciplinary art–science

    更新日期:2020-09-18
  • Gender Differences in Grant Submissions across Science and Engineering Fields at the NSF
    Bioscience (IF 8.282) Pub Date : 2020-07-29
    Leslie J RissleR; Katherine L Hale; Nina R Joffe; Nicholas M Caruso

    There has been great growth in women's participation in the US academic doctoral workforce, but underrepresentation remains in all science and engineering fields, especially at high academic ranks. We obtained estimates of the numbers of professorial women and men in fields likely to seek funding from the National Science Foundation and aligned those numbers with each of six research directorates to

    更新日期:2020-09-18
  • The Jaw Epidemic: Recognition, Origins, Cures, and Prevention
    Bioscience (IF 8.282) Pub Date : 2020-07-22
    Sandra Kahn; Paul Ehrlich; Marcus Feldman; Robert Sapolsky; Simon Wong

    Contemporary humans are living very different lives from those of their ancestors, and some of the changes have had serious consequences for health. Multiple chronic “diseases of civilization,” such as cardiovascular problems, cancers, ADHD, and dementias are prevalent, increasing morbidity rates. Stress, including the disruption of traditional sleep patterns by modern lifestyles, plays a prominent

    更新日期:2020-09-18
  • Pitfalls of Tree Planting Show Why We Need People-Centered Natural Climate Solutions
    Bioscience (IF 8.282) Pub Date : 2020-09-16
    Forrest Fleischman; Shishir Basant; Ashwini Chhatre; Eric A Coleman; Harry W Fischer; Divya Gupta; Burak Güneralp; Prakash Kashwan; Dil Khatri; Robert Muscarella; Jennifer S Powers; Vijay Ramprasad; Pushpendra Rana; Claudia Rodriguez Solorzano; Joseph W Veldman

    Scientists, corporations, mystics, and movie stars have convinced policymakers around the world that a massive campaign to plant trees should be an essential element of global climate policy. Public dialogue has emphasized potential benefits of tree planting while downplaying pitfalls and limitations that are well established by social and ecological research. We argue that if natural climate solutions

    更新日期:2020-09-16
  • Long Term Ecological Research Network Celebrates 40 Years of Discovery: The network has inspired international and agricultural endeavors.
    Bioscience (IF 8.282) Pub Date : 2020-09-09
    Amy Mayer

    Acid rain can fall far from the site of the human activity that caused it. The diversity of functions performed by plants can be more important to an ecosystem's processes than the number of different species present. The roots of tundra plants take up organic nitrogen, providing some of their necessary nutrition.

    更新日期:2020-09-10
  • Corrigendum: Gender Differences in Grant Submissions across Science and Engineering Fields at the NSF
    Bioscience (IF 8.282) Pub Date : 2020-08-18
    Leslie J Rissler; Katherine L Hale; Nina R Joffe; Nicholas M Caruso

    Since the original publication of this paper, the following changes have been made:

    更新日期:2020-08-18
  • Resiliency: The Answer for Professional and Scientific Societies
    Bioscience (IF 8.282) Pub Date : 2020-08-17
    Robert E Gropp

    It has been said that one should never let a good crisis go to waste. There are always lessons to be learned and opportunities to be seized. Of late, there is certainly no lack of serious crises facing society. There is also no lack of crises confronting the scientific enterprise—particularly, professional societies and related research and science education organizations.

    更新日期:2020-08-17
  • Calendar of meetings
    Bioscience (IF 8.282) Pub Date : 2020-08-17

    The BioScience calendar is published in every issue. Announcements must be received at least two months (by the first of the month) before publication. Address correspondence to CALENDAR, BioScience, 950 Herndon Parkway, Suite 450, Herndon, VA, 20170; e-mail: dbosnjak@aibs.org.

    更新日期:2020-08-17
  • In Their Own Words: Gene E. Likens
    Bioscience (IF 8.282) Pub Date : 2020-08-17
    James M Verdier

    In Their Own Words chronicles the stories of scientists who have made great contributions to their fields, particularly within the biological sciences. These short oral histories provide our readers a way to learn from and share their experiences. Each month, we will publish in the pages of BioScience and on our podcast, BioScience Talks (http://bioscienceaibs.libsyn.com), the results of these conversations

    更新日期:2020-08-17
  • Building Natural History Collections for the Twenty-First Century and Beyond
    Bioscience (IF 8.282) Pub Date : 2020-07-15
    Sara E Miller; Lisa N Barrow; Sean M Ehlman; Jessica A Goodheart; Stephen E Greiman; Holly L Lutz; Tracy M Misiewicz; Stephanie M Smith; Milton Tan; Christopher J Thawley; Joseph A Cook; Jessica E Light

    Natural history collections (NHCs) are important resources for a diverse array of scientific fields. Recent digitization initiatives have broadened the user base of NHCs, and new technological innovations are using materials generated from collections to address novel scientific questions. Simultaneously, NHCs are increasingly imperiled by reductions in funding and resources. Ensuring that NHCs continue

    更新日期:2020-08-17
  • Considering the Case for Diversity in Natural Resources
    Bioscience (IF 8.282) Pub Date : 2020-07-15
    Chelsea Batavia; Brooke E Penaluna; Thea Rose Lemberger; Michael Paul Nelson

    Although there is widespread support for diversity in natural resources, diversity is valued for different reasons. It is important to understand and critically examine these reasons, to ensure diversity efforts express clear thinking and appropriate motivations. We compiled recent (2000–2019) diversity literature in fisheries, forestry, range, and wildlife, and used a qualitative coding procedure

    更新日期:2020-08-17
  • Engaging Indigenous Peoples and Local Communities in Environmental Management Could Alleviate Scale Mismatches in Social–Ecological Systems
    Bioscience (IF 8.282) Pub Date : 2020-07-08
    Mark R Herse; Phil O’B Lyver; Nigel Scott; Angus R McIntosh; Simon C Coats; Andrew M Gormley; Jason M Tylianakis

    Scale mismatches in social–ecological systems constrain conservation by obscuring signals of environmental change, which could otherwise feed back to inform adaptive responses and solutions. We argue that engaging indigenous peoples and local communities (IPLC) in place-based environmental management could generate the fine-resolution information and workforce needed to alleviate scale mismatches.

    更新日期:2020-08-17
  • Key Principles for Managing Recovery of Kelp Forests through Restoration
    Bioscience (IF 8.282) Pub Date : 2020-07-08
    Rebecca L Morris; Robin Hale; Elisabeth M A Strain; Simon E Reeves; Adriana Vergés; Ezequiel M Marzinelli; Cayne Layton; Victor Shelamoff; Tristan D J Graham; Mathilde Chevalier; Stephen E Swearer

    There is increasing interest in mitigating the loss of kelp forests through restoration, but this has received scant attention relative to other coastal habitats. We evaluate current knowledge centered on key restoration principles to provide guidelines for best practice in kelp restoration. The cause and scale of degradation is fundamental in determining if kelp can be restored and the methods required

    更新日期:2020-08-17
  • Wildfire-Driven Forest Conversion in Western North American Landscapes.
    Bioscience (IF 8.282) Pub Date : 2020-07-01
    Jonathan D Coop,Sean A Parks,Camille S Stevens-Rumann,Shelley D Crausbay,Philip E Higuera,Matthew D Hurteau,Alan Tepley,Ellen Whitman,Timothy Assal,Brandon M Collins,Kimberley T Davis,Solomon Dobrowski,Donald A Falk,Paula J Fornwalt,Peter Z Fulé,Brian J Harvey,Van R Kane,Caitlin E Littlefield,Ellis Q Margolis,Malcolm North,Marc-André Parisien,Susan Prichard,Kyle C Rodman

    Changing disturbance regimes and climate can overcome forest ecosystem resilience. Following high-severity fire, forest recovery may be compromised by lack of tree seed sources, warmer and drier postfire climate, or short-interval reburning. A potential outcome of the loss of resilience is the conversion of the prefire forest to a different forest type or nonforest vegetation. Conversion implies major

    更新日期:2020-08-17
  • Insights across the Ecology of Coral Reefs and African Savannas: Are Parrotfish Wet Wildebeest?
    Bioscience (IF 8.282) Pub Date : 2020-07-01
    Deron E Burkepile; Melissa H Schmitt; Keenan Stears; Mary K Donovan; Dave I Thompson

    Comparison across terrestrial and aquatic ecosystems facilitates a broader understanding of ecological patterns. Although meta-analyses are important for quantitative synthesis across ecosystems, detailed comparisons of natural history and species interactions also illuminate convergence among systems. We compare the ecology of superficially dissimilar African savannas and coral reefs via shared characteristics

    更新日期:2020-08-17
  • Researchers Continue Quest to Contain Spread of COVID-19: Digital technologies aim to accelerate contact tracing.
    Bioscience (IF 8.282) Pub Date : 2020-06-30
    John H Tibbetts

    As researchers and public-health experts struggle to contain a global pandemic, some are harnessing the latest digital technologies for epidemiological detective work. Smartphones and other digital devices shed valuable data trails that a growing number of nations are capturing and using for aggressive surveillance systems to suppress coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) outbreaks. But many of these

    更新日期:2020-08-17
  • Calendar of meetings
    Bioscience (IF 8.282) Pub Date : 2020-07-08

    The BioScience calendar is published in every issue. Announcements must be received at least two months (by the first of the month) before publication. Address correspondence to CALENDAR, BioScience, 950 Herndon Parkway, Suite 450, Herndon, VA, 20170; e-mail: dbosnjak@aibs.org.

    更新日期:2020-07-08
  • In Their Own Words: Douglas Futuyma
    Bioscience (IF 8.282) Pub Date : 2020-07-08
    James M Verdier

    In Their Own Words chronicles the stories of scientists who have made great contributions to their fields, particularly within the biological sciences. These short oral histories provide our readers a way to learn from and share their experiences. Each month, we will publish in the pages of BioScience and on our podcast, BioScience Talks (http://bioscienceaibs.libsyn.com), the results of these conversations

    更新日期:2020-07-08
  • Subconscious Biases in Coral Reef Fish Studies
    Bioscience (IF 8.282) Pub Date : 2020-07-01
    David R Bellwood; Christopher R Hemingson; Sterling B Tebbett

    In complex, diverse ecosystems, one is faced with an exceptionally challenging decision: which species to examine first and why? This raises the question: Is there evidence of subconscious biases in study species selection? Likewise, is there evidence of this bias in selecting methods, locations, and times? We addressed these questions by surveying the literature on the most diverse group of vertebrates

    更新日期:2020-07-08
  • Human Health, Interagency Coordination, and the Need for Biodiversity Data
    Bioscience (IF 8.282) Pub Date : 2020-06-24
    Jennifer M Zaspel; Julie M Allen; Christopher D Tyrrell; Nate Lemoine; Luke M Jacobus; Crystal Klem; Jillian Goodwin; John M Bates

    The importance of understanding the interconnectedness of individual humans and the environment has never been more urgent. The current global health crisis illustrates how interlinked human welfare is with the natural world. The health effects related to biodiversity extend far beyond pathogens like SARS-CoV-2 to agriculture and food security, wildlife and recreation, clean water access, veterinary

    更新日期:2020-07-08
  • Primary Drivers of Reptile Overwintering Habitat Suitability: Integrating Wetland Ecohydrology and Spatial Complexity
    Bioscience (IF 8.282) Pub Date : 2020-06-24
    Chantel E Markle; Paul A Moore; James M Waddington

    Identifying ecosystems resilient to climate and land-use changes is recognized as essential for conservation strategies. However, wetland ecosystems may respond differently to stressors depending on their successional state and the strength of ecohydrological feedbacks resulting in fluctuations in habitat availability and suitability. Long-term habitat suitability is necessary for the persistence of

    更新日期:2020-07-08
  • Tree Transpiration and Urban Temperatures: Current Understanding, Implications, and Future Research Directions
    Bioscience (IF 8.282) Pub Date : 2020-06-24
    Joy B Winbourne; Taylor S Jones; Sarah M Garvey; Jamie L Harrison; Liang Wang; Dan Li; Pamela H Templer; L R Hutyra

    The expansion of an urban tree canopy is a commonly proposed nature-based solution to combat excess urban heat. The influence trees have on urban climates via shading is driven by the morphological characteristics of trees, whereas tree transpiration is predominantly a physiological process dependent on environmental conditions and the built environment. The heterogeneous nature of urban landscapes

    更新日期:2020-07-08
  • Integrating Biodiversity Infrastructure into Pathogen Discovery and Mitigation of Emerging Infectious Diseases.
    Bioscience (IF 8.282) Pub Date : 2020-06-24
    Joseph A Cook,Satoru Arai,Blas Armién,John Bates,Carlos A Carrion Bonilla,Maria Beatriz de Souza Cortez,Jonathan L Dunnum,Adam W Ferguson,Karl M Johnson,Faisal Ali Anwarali Khan,Deborah L Paul,DeeAnn M Reeder,Marcia A Revelez,Nancy B Simmons,Barbara M Thiers,Cody W Thompson,Nathan S Upham,Maarten P M Vanhove,Paul W Webala,Marcelo Weksler,Richard Yanagihara,Pamela S Soltis

    The global human suffering, economic damage, and social disruption we are currently experiencing from the COVID-19 pandemic stem from inadequate preparedness and ineffective response to emerging pathogens. At its core, the COVID-19 pandemic is a consequence of our fundamental ignorance of our planet's natural ecosystems and the effects of our encroachment on them. Our reactive approaches to the emergence

    更新日期:2020-07-08
  • Conceptual Links between Landscape Diversity and Diet Diversity: A Roadmap for Transdisciplinary Research.
    Bioscience (IF 8.282) Pub Date : 2020-06-24
    Sarah E Gergel,Bronwen Powell,FrÉdÉric Baudron,Sylvia L R Wood,Jeanine M Rhemtulla,Gina Kennedy,Laura V Rasmussen,Amy Ickowitz,Matthew E Fagan,Erica A H Smithwick,Jessica Ranieri,Stephen A Wood,Jeroen C J Groot,Terry C H Sunderland

    Malnutrition linked to poor quality diets affects at least 2 billion people. Forests, as well as agricultural systems linked to trees, are key sources of dietary diversity in rural settings. In the present article, we develop conceptual links between diet diversity and forested landscape mosaics within the rural tropics. First, we summarize the state of knowledge regarding diets obtained from forests

    更新日期:2020-07-08
  • Mainstreaming Microbes across Biomes
    Bioscience (IF 8.282) Pub Date : 2020-06-17
    Laurence J Clarke; Penelope J Jones; Hans Ammitzboll; Leon A Barmuta; Martin F Breed; Anthony Chariton; Michael Charleston; Vongai Dakwa; Fera Dewi; Rajaraman Eri; Nicholas M Fountain-Jones; Jules Freeman; Dave Kendal; Rebecca McDougal; Eric J Raes; Swan Li San Sow; Timothy Staples; Brodie Sutcliffe; Ravichandra Vemuri; Laura S Weyrich; Emily J Flies

    Bacteria, fungi, and other microorganisms in the environment (i.e., environmental microbiomes) provide vital ecosystem services and affect human health. Despite their importance, public awareness of environmental microbiomes has lagged behind that of human microbiomes. A key problem has been a scarcity of research demonstrating the microbial connections across environmental biomes (e.g., marine, soil)

    更新日期:2020-07-08
  • The Conundrum of Academic Publishing
    Bioscience (IF 8.282) Pub Date : 2020-06-13
    Lesley Evans Ogden

    Academic publishing is in flux. Historically, dissemination of research through academic journals has been based on paid library or institutional subscriptions, with most content held behind a paywall. That is now changing with a global call for open access—a model of scholarly communication intended to increase accessibility of research results to the reader.

    更新日期:2020-07-08
  • Looking Forward, Not Backward in Considering the Needs for Social Science in Wildlife Management
    Bioscience (IF 8.282) Pub Date : 2020-06-09
    Michael J Manfredo; Leeann Sullivan; Jonathan Salerno; Joel Berger

    Fish and wildlife management relies heavily on biological information in decision-making, which is inadequate for dealing with so many conservation issues that are rooted in competing social values. We argue that this situation begs for increased use of social science in wildlife management. Williams disagrees, arguing that social science has been well integrated into wildlife management for years

    更新日期:2020-07-08
  • Social Science Integration in US Wildlife Management
    Bioscience (IF 8.282) Pub Date : 2020-06-09
    Mary A Williams

    Manfredo and colleagues (2019) recently shared their viewpoint that there is a “philosophy in wildlife management that embraces science while simultaneously invalidating social science as a legitimate form thereof.” Contrary to this opinion, however, one only has to look into history and at current work being done to see that there has been and currently still is an active embracement and incorporation

    更新日期:2020-07-08
  • Connections and Feedback: Aquatic, Plant, and Soil Microbiomes in Heterogeneous and Changing Environments
    Bioscience (IF 8.282) Pub Date : 2020-05-13
    Walter K Dodds; Lydia H Zeglin; Robert J Ramos; Thomas G Platt; Aakash Pandey; Theo Michaels; Mohammadali Masigol; Anna M L Klompen; Michelle C Kelly; Ari Jumpponen; Emma Hauser; Paige M Hansen; Mitchell J Greer; Niloufar Fattahi; Camille S Delavaux; R Kent Connell; Sharon Billings; James D Bever; Niloy Barua; Folashade B Agusto

    Plant, soil, and aquatic microbiomes interact, but scientists often study them independently. Integrating knowledge across these traditionally separate subdisciplines will generate better understanding of microbial ecological properties. Interactions among plant, soil, and aquatic microbiomes, as well as anthropogenic factors, influence important ecosystem processes, including greenhouse gas fluxes

    更新日期:2020-07-08
  • Machine Learning Using Digitized Herbarium Specimens to Advance Phenological Research.
    Bioscience (IF 8.282) Pub Date : 2020-05-13
    Katelin D Pearson,Gil Nelson,Myla F J Aronson,Pierre Bonnet,Laura Brenskelle,Charles C Davis,Ellen G Denny,Elizabeth R Ellwood,Hervé Goëau,J Mason Heberling,Alexis Joly,Titouan Lorieul,Susan J Mazer,Emily K Meineke,Brian J Stucky,Patrick Sweeney,Alexander E White,Pamela S Soltis

    Machine learning (ML) has great potential to drive scientific discovery by harvesting data from images of herbarium specimens—preserved plant material curated in natural history collections—but ML techniques have only recently been applied to this rich resource. ML has particularly strong prospects for the study of plant phenological events such as growth and reproduction. As a major indicator of climate

    更新日期:2020-07-08
  • Calendar of meetings
    Bioscience (IF 8.282) Pub Date : 2020-06-08

    The BioScience calendar is published in every issue. Announcements must be received at least two months (by the first of the month) before publication. Address correspondence to CALENDAR, BioScience, 950 Herndon Parkway, Suite 450, Herndon, VA, 20170; e-mail: dbosnjak@aibs.org.

    更新日期:2020-06-08
  • COVID-19 and the Bioeconomy
    Bioscience (IF 8.282) Pub Date : 2020-06-08

    For members of the public and lawmakers who have doubted the importance of biology to human well-being, the SARS-CoV-2 pandemic provides overwhelming evidence that investments in the biological sciences are essential public benefits. Biologists must use the focus provided by this moment of global pain and uncertainty to remind policymakers that science, when it is marshaled and its findings are incorporated

    更新日期:2020-06-08
  • In Their Own Words: Judith Weis
    Bioscience (IF 8.282) Pub Date : 2020-05-29
    James Verdier

    In Their Own Words chronicles the stories of scientists who have made great contributions to their fields, particularly within the biological sciences. These short oral histories provide our readers a way to learn from and share their experiences. Each month, we will publish in the pages of BioScience and in our podcast, BioScience Talks (http://bioscienceaibs.libsyn.com), the results of these conversations

    更新日期:2020-05-29
  • Killing the Behavioral Zombie: Genes, Evolution, and Why Behavior Isn’t Special
    Bioscience (IF 8.282) Pub Date : 2020-05-13
    Marlene Zuk; Hamish G Spencer

    The nature–nurture controversy seems to be a scientific zombie, an idea that will not die despite ample evidence that it is inaccurate and even damaging to our ideas about how characteristics evolve. The dilemma is particularly clear with regard to behavioral traits, such as intelligence or sexual orientation, where thinking that genes or the environment predominate can lead to flawed conclusions.

    更新日期:2020-05-13
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