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Large scale instabilities in coaxial air-water jets with annular air swirl
Applied Physics Reviews ( IF 12.750 ) Pub Date : 2019-12-04 , DOI: 10.1063/1.5122273
Abhijeet Kumar, Srikrishna Sahu

The aim of this paper is to characterize large-scale instabilities during the primary breakup process in liquid centered coaxial air-water jets. The interest here is to investigate the role of annular air swirl on such instabilities. A coaxial airblast atomizer that incorporates an axial swirler is considered for this purpose. The atomizer was operated in a wide range of the Weber number, Weg(80–958), momentum flux ratio, M(1–26), and air swirl strength, S(0–1.6). High-speed shadowgraphic images of the primary jet breakup process were recorded. Proper orthogonal decomposition (POD) analysis of the time-resolved images was performed for each operating condition. The 2nd and 3rd POD modes depicted some universal spatial features which refer to large scale instabilities. Three different dominant large scale instabilities were identified, viz., jet flapping, wavy breakup, and explosive breakup, for the entire range of the injector operating condition either in the presence or absence of air swirl. It was found that jet flapping (referred to as the lateral oscillation of the tail end of the jet) is the dominant mode of jet instability for a lower range of M, while explosive jet breakup (referred to as the radial expansion of the jet) governs jet breakup unsteadiness for a higher range of M. The wavy or sinuous mode of breakup is a secondary mechanism relevant under low M conditions. The mechanisms of large scale instabilities and the role of air swirl in that context are explained based on the Fourier analysis of the temporal coefficients of the corresponding POD modes.
更新日期:2019-12-31

 

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