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GRAM: A True Null Model for Relative Binding Affinity Predictions.
Journal of Chemical Information and Modeling ( IF 4.549 ) Pub Date : 2020-01-02 , DOI: 10.1021/acs.jcim.9b00939
Guanglei Cui,Alan P Graves,Eric S Manas

Relative binding affinity prediction is a critical component in computer aided drug design. A significant amount of effort has been dedicated to developing rapid and reliable in silico methods. However, robust assessment of their performance is still a complicated issue, as it requires a performance measure applicable in the prospective setting and more importantly a true null model that defines the expected performance of being random in an objective manner. Although many performance metrics, such as the Pearson correlation coefficient (r), mean unsigned error (MUE), and root-mean-square error (RMSE), are frequently used in the literature, a true and nontrivial null model has yet been identified. To address this problem, here we introduce an interval estimate as an additional measure, namely, the prediction interval (PI), which can be estimated from the error distribution of the predictions. The benefits of using the interval estimate are (1) it provides the uncertainty range in the predicted activities, which is important in prospective applications, and (2) a true null model with well-defined PI can be established. We provide one such example termed the Gaussian Random Affinity Model (GRAM), which is based on the empirical observation that the affinity change in a typical lead optimization effort has the tendency to distribute normally N (0, σ). Having an analytically defined PI that only depends on the variation in the activities, GRAM should, in principle, allow us to compare the performance of relative binding affinity prediction methods in a standard way, ultimately critical to measuring the progress made in algorithm development.
更新日期:2020-01-02

 

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