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Experimental Investigation of LNG Release Underwater and Combustion Behavior under Crosswinds
Process Safety and Environmental Protection ( IF 4.384 ) Pub Date : 2019-12-23 , DOI: 10.1016/j.psep.2019.12.019
Yixiang Zhang; Jianlu Zhu; Youmei Peng; Cunyong Song; Yuxing Li

Liquefied natural gas (LNG) trade has increased globally; therefore, assessments of the hazards of its accidental release and associated consequences must be conducted to ensure LNG security during marine transportation. This study aims to understand the dynamic behavior occurring when an LNG jet is released underwater and the combustion behavior of a flammable vapor cloud on the water’s surface with airflows from 0 to 4 m/s. A series of controlled LNG vertical jet release experiments were conducted using a cryogenic storage tank with three orifices. Various instruments were employed to measure the flow rate and pressure in pipelines during different leakage scenarios, and the emanating LNG vapor clouds were immediately ignited with the mass loss rate of 0.016, 0.037, and 0.049 kg/s in three orifices, respectively. The flame behavior was recorded by a video camera. With respect to flame length rapidly decreased with crosswinds of 0-2 m/s and then gradually decreased to a constant value with the velocities increase to 4 m/s. A dimensionless number of Ri was employed to analyze the relative magnitude between the buoyancy force and transverse flow. The flame tilt angle was found in accordance trend with flame length for first increased and further reach to become constant at Ri-1 increase to 2. As existing correlations provide an overestimation, a new correlation was established to describe the flame length as a function of crosswind speed, and a good prediction was found for measured tilt angles with the correlated values.
更新日期:2019-12-23

 

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