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Biosynthesis pathway of indole-3-acetyl-myo-inositol during development of maize (Zea mays L.) seeds
Journal of Plant Physiology ( IF 2.825 ) Pub Date : 2019-12-16 , DOI: 10.1016/j.jplph.2019.153082
Maciej Ostrowski; Anna Ciarkowska; Agata Dalka; Emilia Wilmowicz; Anna Jakubowska

Indole-3-acetic acid (IAA) conjugation is one of the mechanisms responsible for auxin homeostasis. IAA ester conjugates biosynthesis has been studied during development of maize seeds where IAA-inositol (IAInos) and its glycosidic forms make up about 50% of its ester conjugates pool. 1-O-indole-3-acetyl-β-D-glucose (IAGlc) synthase and indole-3-acetyl transferase (IAInos synthase) are key enzymes in a two-step pathway of IAInos synthesis. In the first reaction, IAA is glucosylated to a high energy acetal, 1-O-indole-3-acetyl-β-D-glucose by IAGlc synthase, whereas in the second step, IAInos synthase transfers IAA moiety to myo-inositol forming a stable auxin ester, indole-3-acetyl-myo-inositol (IAInos). It should be mentioned that IAGlc synthase catalyzes a reversible reaction with unfavourable equilibrium that delivers IAGlc for favourable transacylation to IAInos. This is the first study where IAGlc synthase and IAInos synthase are simultaneously analyzed by enzymatic activity assay and quantitative RT-PCR in maize seeds at four stages of development (13, 26, 39 and 52 Days After Flowering). Activity of IAGlc/IAInos synthases as well as their expression profiles during seed development were different. While both enzymatic activities and ZmIAIn expression were the highest in seeds at 26 DAF, the highest expression of ZmIAGlc was observed at 13 DAF. Protein gel blot analysis showed that IAInos synthase exists as a mixture of several isoforms at a similar protein level at particular stages of seed development. Neither of other ester conjugates of IAA (IAA-mannose) nor IAA-amino acids were detected at the stages studied. Catalytic activity of L-tryptophan aminotransferase involved in IAA biosynthesis as well as UDPG pyrophosphorylase, synthesizing UDPG as a substrate for IAGlc synthase, were also analyzed. L-tryptophan aminotransferase activity was the highest at 26 DAF. Changes in enzyme activity of UDPG pyrophosphorylase are difficult to interpret. Expression levels of ZmIPS and ZmIPP encoding two enzymes of myo-inositol biosynthesis pathway: inositol-x-phosphate synthase (IPS) and inositol-x-phosphate phosphatase (IPP), respectively, were analyzed. 26 DAF seeds displayed the highest expression level of ZmIPS, whereas transcription of ZmIPP was the highest at 13 DAF.
更新日期:2019-12-17

 

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