Environmental Toxicology and Pharmacology ( IF 3.292 ) Pub Date : 2019-12-05 , DOI: 10.1016/j.etap.2019.103311 Narasimha Pullaguri,Shubham Nema,Yogesh Bhargava,Anamika Bhargava
Triclosan is widely used in consumer products as an antimicrobial agent. Epidemiological studies have reported the association of triclosan with adverse birth outcomes. The toxic effects of triclosan on the developing stages of zebrafish are reported, however, its role as behavioral modifier is limited. In the present study, adult zebrafish were exposed to triclosan (0.3 and 0.6 mg/L) for 48 h and the exploratory behavior was analyzed using ZebraTrack. Triclosan exposed group showed significantly reduced locomotion concomitant with increased freezing duration. They also showed erratic movements suggesting that triclosan induced anxiety-like behavior in adult zebrafish. Next, we tested the hypothesis that the anxiety-like behavior is linked to altered acetylcholinesterase activity. We found that the triclosan exposure decreased acetylcholinesterase activity in the brain and skeletal muscle but acetylcholinesterase (ache) gene was significantly down-regulated only in the skeletal muscle of the adult zebrafish exposed to triclosan. In addition, we also observed a down-regulation of myelin basic protein (mbp) gene in the skeletal muscle of adult zebrafish treated with triclosan. Thus, our data indicates that even short exposure of triclosan is potent enough to induce behavioral anomalies in adult zebrafish that appear to involve acetylcholinesterase and other structural proteins especially in the skeletal muscle.