Annual Review of Condensed Matter Physics ( IF 14.833 ) Pub Date : 2018-03-12 00:00:00 , DOI: 10.1146/annurev-conmatphys-033117-054300 Vladimir S. Zykov, Eberhard Bodenschatz
Excitable media are ubiquitous in nature and can be found in physical, chemical, and biological systems that are far from thermodynamic equilibrium. The spatiotemporal self-organization of these systems has long attracted the deep interest of condensed matter physicists and applied mathematicians alike. Spatial inhomogeneity of excitable media leads to nontrivial spatiotemporal dynamics. Here, we report on well-established as well as recent developments in the experimental and theoretical studies of inhomogeneous excitable media.