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Emerging roles of GSK-3α in pathophysiology: Emphasis on cardio-metabolic disorders
BBA Molecular Cell Research ( IF 4.739 ) Pub Date : 2019-11-27 , DOI: 10.1016/j.bbamcr.2019.118616
Firdos Ahmad, James R. Woodgett

Glycogen synthase kinase-3 (GSK-3) is a widely expressed serine/threonine kinase regulates a variety of cellular processes including proliferation, differentiation and death. Mammals harbor two structurally similar isoforms GSK-3α and β that have overlapping as well as unique functions. Of the two, GSK-3β has been studied (and reviewed) in far greater detail with analysis of GSK-3α often as an afterthought. It is now evident that systemic, chronic inhibition of either GSK-3β or both GSK-3α/β is not clinically feasible and if achieved would likely lead to adverse clinical conditions. Emerging evidence suggests important and specific roles for GSK-3α in fatty acid accumulation, insulin resistance, amyloid-β-protein precursor metabolism, atherosclerosis, cardiomyopathy, fibrosis, aging, fertility, and in a variety of cancers. Selective targeting of GSK-3α may present a novel therapeutic opportunity to alleviate a number of pathological conditions. In this review, we assess the evidence for roles of GSK-3α in a variety of pathophysiological settings.
更新日期:2019-11-28

 

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