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Understanding the Formation of Novel Hydrated Gallic Acid-Creatinine Molecular Salt: Crystal Structure, Hirshfeld Surface and DFT Studies
Journal of Chemical Crystallography ( IF 0.630 ) Pub Date : 2019-11-16 , DOI: 10.1007/s10870-019-00814-4
K. L. Jyothi, Mahesha, N. K. Lokanath

Creatinine, an aliphatic hetero monocyclic compound, plays an important role in the protein metabolism and change in its physiological normal concentration leads to diabetic nephropathy, renal failure and muscle disorder. In this work, a novel molecular salt form (ionic cocrystal) of creatinine (CR) with gallic acid (GA) has been obtained and preliminarily characterized by PXRD, FTIR and the crystal structure was confirmed by X-ray diffraction method. The presence of a single C–O stretching band in the place of two stretching bands [C=O and C–O] in the infrared spectrum confirms the formation of molecular salt. The asymmetric unit of GA–CR ionic cocrystal [(C7H5O5)− (C4H8N3O)+ 3(H2O)] comprises of a molecule of gallic acid, a molecule of creatinine and three water molecules. The structural analysis reveals the strong hydrogen bond DDAA environment of water molecules which confirms the presence of different supramolecular architectures. Thermal gravimetric analysis was carried out to investigate the presence of water/solvent molecules in the molecular salt. Further, the intermolecular interactions in stabilizing the molecular salt were analyzed using Hirshfeld surfaces. Furthermore, the coordinates of molecular salt were optimized by DFT calculations using APFD hybrid functional with 6-311 + G(d,p) level basis set. Frontier molecular orbitals, energy gap and related molecular properties were also analyzed. GA–CR pharmaceutical molecular salt form is found to be more reactive than CR and therefore offers an innovative approach for the futuristic drug design.
更新日期:2019-11-17

 

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