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Induced pluripotent stem cells reprogrammed from primary dendritic cells provide an abundant source of immunostimulatory dendritic cells for use in immunotherapy.
STEM CELLS ( IF 5.614 ) Pub Date : 2019-10-17 , DOI: 10.1002/stem.3095
Christopher Horton,Timothy J Davies,Priyoshi Lahiri,Patty Sachamitr,Paul J Fairchild

Cell types differentiated from induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs) are frequently arrested in their development program, more closely resembling a fetal rather than an adult phenotype, potentially limiting their utility for downstream clinical applications. The fetal phenotype of iPSC-derived dendritic cells (ipDCs) is evidenced by their low expression of MHC class II and costimulatory molecules, impaired secretion of IL-12, and poor responsiveness to conventional maturation stimuli, undermining their use for applications such as immune-oncology. Given that iPSCs display an epigenetic memory of the cell type from which they were originally derived, we investigated the feasibility of reprogramming adult DCs to pluripotency to determine the impact on the phenotype and function of ipDCs differentiated from them. Using murine bone marrow-derived DCs (bmDCs) as proof of principle, we show here that immature DCs are tractable candidates for reprogramming using non-integrating Sendai virus for the delivery of Oct4, Sox2, Klf4, and c-Myc transcription factors. Reprogramming efficiency of DCs was lower than mouse embryonic fibroblasts (MEFs) and highly dependent on their maturation status. Although control iPSCs derived from conventional MEFs yielded DCs that displayed a predictable fetal phenotype and impaired immunostimulatory capacity in vitro and in vivo, DCs differentiated from DC-derived iPSCs exhibited a surface phenotype, immunostimulatory capacity, and responsiveness to maturation stimuli indistinguishable from the source DCs, a phenotype that was retained for 15 passages of the parent iPSCs. Our results suggest that the epigenetic memory of iPSCs may be productively exploited for the generation of potently immunogenic DCs for immunotherapeutic applications.
更新日期:2019-11-01

 

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