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Structural characterization of bacteriophage viruses by NMR
Progress in Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy ( IF 8.848 ) Pub Date : 2019-06-27 , DOI: 10.1016/j.pnmrs.2019.06.004
Amir Goldbourt

Magic-angle spinning (MAS) solid-state NMR has provided structural insights into various bacteriophage systems including filamentous, spherical, and tailed bacteriophage viruses. A variety of methodologies have been utilized including elementary two and three-dimensional assignment experiments, proton-detection techniques at fast spinning speeds, non-uniform sampling, structure determination protocols, conformational dynamics revealed by recoupling of anisotropic interactions, and enhancement by dynamic nuclear polarization. This review summarizes most of the studies performed during the last decade by MAS techniques and makes comparisons with prior knowledge obtained from static and solution NMR techniques. Chemical shifts for the capsids of the various systems are reported and analyzed, and DNA shifts are reported and discussed in the context of general high molecular-weight DNA molecules. Chemical shift and torsion angle prediction techniques are compared and applied to the various phage systems. The structures of the intact M13 filamentous bacteriophage and that of the Acinetobacter phage AP205 capsid, determined using MAS-based experimental data, are presented. Finally, filamentous phages, which are highly rigid systems, show interesting dynamics at the interface of the capsid and DNA, and their mutual electrostatic interactions are shown to be mediated by highly mobile positively charged residues. Novel results obtained from recoupling the chemical shift anisotropy of a single arginine in IKe phage, which is in contact with its DNA, further demonstrate this point. MAS NMR thus provides many new insights into phage structure, and on the other hand the richness, complexity and variety of bacteriophage systems provide opportunities for new NMR methodologies and technique developments.
更新日期:2019-11-18

 

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