当前位置: X-MOL 学术Annu. Rev. Condens. Matter Phys. › 论文详情
The Fokker–Planck Approach to Complex Spatiotemporal Disordered Systems
Annual Review of Condensed Matter Physics ( IF 14.833 ) Pub Date : 2019-03-11 00:00:00 , DOI: 10.1146/annurev-conmatphys-033117-054252
J. Peinke, M.R.R. Tabar, M. Wächter

When the complete understanding of a complex system is not available, as, e.g., for systems considered in the real world, we need a top-down approach to complexity. In this approach, one may desire to understand general multipoint statistics. Here, such a general approach is presented and discussed based on examples from turbulence and sea waves. Our main idea is based on the cascade picture of turbulence, entangling fluctuations from large to small scales. Inspired by this cascade picture, we express the general multipoint statistics by the statistics of scale-dependent fluctuations of variables and relate it to a scale-dependent process, which finally is a stochastic cascade process. We show how to extract from empirical data a Fokker–Planck equation for this cascade process, which allows the generation of surrogate data to forecast extreme events as well as to develop a nonequilibrium thermodynamics for the complex systems. For each cascade event, an entropy production can be determined. These entropies accurately fulfill a rigorous law, namely the integral fluctuations theorem.

更新日期:2019-03-11

 

全部期刊列表>>
物理学研究前沿热点精选期刊推荐
chemistry
自然职位线上招聘会
欢迎报名注册2020量子在线大会
化学领域亟待解决的问题
材料学研究精选新
GIANT
ACS ES&T Engineering
ACS ES&T Water
ACS Publications填问卷
屿渡论文,编辑服务
阿拉丁试剂right
南昌大学
王辉
南方科技大学
彭小水
隐藏1h前已浏览文章
课题组网站
新版X-MOL期刊搜索和高级搜索功能介绍
ACS材料视界
天合科研
x-mol收录
赵延川
李霄羽
廖矿标
朱守非
试剂库存
down
wechat
bug