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Local perceptions of trophy hunting on communal lands in Namibia
Biological Conservation ( IF 4.711 ) Pub Date : 2017-12-08 , DOI: 10.1016/j.biocon.2017.11.033
Hilma N. Angula,Greg Stuart-Hill,David Ward,Greenwell Matongo,Richard W. Diggle,Robin Naidoo

Trophy hunting in Africa is currently under pressure as some countries explore various policies that aim to put a halt to an activity that many people in the Western developed world view as unpalatable or unethical. However, in the debate over trophy hunting policy the voices of local communities, who in many instances allow wildlife to persist on the lands they control because of the tangible benefits they derive from it, have been largely unheard. Here, we report on an opportunistic survey of 160 rural residents of Namibia from 32 communal conservancies that generate varying levels of livelihood benefits from wildlife uses, including trophy hunting. About three quarters of these community members were employed in some manner by the conservancy. We used a mixed methods approach to assess community members' perceptions on trophy hunting, the benefits it generates, whether it was “good” or “bad”, and how they would respond if trophy hunting were halted. 91% stated they were not in favour of a ban on trophy hunting, and only 11% of respondents would support wildlife on communal lands if a ban were in fact enacted. Most respondents (90%) were happy with trophy hunting occurring on communal lands due to the benefits it provides. These responses were consistent across respondent demographic categories, although those who stand to lose the most (i.e., those employed by or managing a conservancy), viewed trophy hunting in an even more favourable light. Our results suggest that in Namibia, a trophy hunting ban would be viewed very poorly by conservancy residents, and would seriously weaken their support for wildlife conservation. The imposition of trophy hunting policies by countries far from where rural land managers are conserving wildlife would not only restrict communities' livelihood options, but may have perverse, negative impacts on wildlife conservation.



中文翻译:

纳米比亚在公共土地上对狩猎战利品的当地看法

目前,非洲的奖杯狩猎活动面临压力,因为一些国家正在探索各种政策,目的是制止西方发达国家很多人认为这种行为不受欢迎或不道德的行为。然而,在有关奖杯狩猎政策的辩论中,当地社区的声音在很大程度上未被闻到。在许多情况下,当地社区的声音使野生生物得以在他们控制的土地上生存,因为他们从中得到了实实在在的利益。在这里,我们对来自32个社区的160名纳米比亚农村居民的机会主义调查进行了报告,这些社区从野生生物利用(包括奖杯狩猎)中获得不同程度的生计收益。这些社区成员中约有四分之三受保护组织以某种方式雇用。我们使用了一种混合方法来评估社区成员对奖杯狩猎的看法,它产生的好处,无论是“好”还是“坏”,以及如果停止了奖杯狩猎,他们将如何应对。91%的人表示他们不赞成禁止狩猎奖杯,并且只有11%的被调查者会支持在公共土地上的野生动植物,如果该禁令实际上已经颁布的话。大多数回覆者(90%)都因其提供的好处而对在公共土地上进行的奖杯狩猎感到满意。这些反应在受访者的人口统计类别中是一致的,尽管那些损失最大的人(即受雇于或管理养护者的人)以更加有利的眼光看待奖杯。我们的结果表明,在纳米比亚,保护居民对奖杯狩猎禁令的看法非常差,这将严重削弱他们对野生动植物保护的支持。

更新日期:2017-12-08
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