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Law, philosophy and disasters: earthquake-handling case in Yogyakarta, Indonesia
International Journal of Law and Management Pub Date : 2021-06-10 , DOI: 10.1108/ijlma-03-2020-0074
Kelik Wardiono, Khudzaifah Dimyati, Absori Absori

Purpose

This paper aims to synchronize the various constitutional regulations that regulate the natural disaster management in Indonesia, especially those which apply in the Yogyakarta Special Territory after disaster through a legal interpretation and construction method to find a community empowerment-based disaster management model, which suits the Indonesian ideals of law.

Design/methodology/approach

This research is carried out in the Yogyakarta Special Territory province; this research uses the juridical normative method or the method with the doctrinal or the juridical normative approach. The approaches used in this research are the conceptual approach, statute approach and the sociological approach.

Findings

The numerous constitutional regulations that are formed and implemented to regulate the disaster management in Yogyakarta Special Territory cannot yet run its function as an integrating mechanism efficiently. This is mainly because the handling of disasters is usually responsive, without clear planning.

Research limitations/implications

In numerous constitutional regulations, there is a synchronization between the regulations on the society’s rights and responsibilities in disaster management. The point of these regulations is that they state that every citizen has the right to obtain social protection and a sense of safety. They have the right to obtain education, trainings and skills in the establishment of disaster management. Also, they have the right to participate in policies, in accessing information on disaster prevention policies.

Practical implications

Efforts of response toward a disaster should be neither exclusive nor partial. A condition of disaster is a complex condition, which usually asks for a holistic response from various perspectives and experiences. It needs effective teamwork between various institutional groups. Basically, it will not be effective if it is run by a single agency exclusively. Indonesia needs a clear disaster management and needs to synchronize the law for disaster mitigation for minimize the natural disaster impact.

Social implications

Various constitutional regulations made and applied to regulate disaster management in the Yogyakarta cannot yet run its function as an efficient integrating mechanism, as the law cannot yet undergo the rearrangement of the productive process in the society optimally. The goals determined in the execution of the disaster management are often not legitimized by the society, and they do not yet give a full sense of justice to them. Recovery after Yogyakarta earthquake is a slow process.

Originality/value

This is a relatively new research, as other researches focused on the disastrous impacts of the Yogyakarta earthquake. The disaster management system must consider and must be responsive toward diversity, differences and competition, which may arise due to social, economic, political, community and even religious factors. These differences often create a dynamic and complex relation. A wrong manner in handling this may cause horizontal conflicts.



中文翻译:

法律、哲学与灾难:印度尼西亚日惹地震处理案例

目的

本文旨在通过法律解释和构建方法,同步规范印度尼西亚自然灾害管理的各种宪法法规,特别是灾后适用于日惹特区的宪法法规,以寻找一种适合当地社区赋权的灾害管理模式。印度尼西亚的法律理想。

设计/方法/方法

这项研究是在日惹特区进行的;本研究采用司法规范的方法或以教义或司法规范的方法。本研究中使用的方法是概念方法、法规方法和社会学方法。

发现

为规范日惹特区的灾害管理而制定和实施的众多宪法法规尚不能有效地发挥其整合机制的作用。这主要是因为灾难的处理通常是响应式的,没有明确的计划。

研究限制/影响

在众多的宪法法规中,对社会在灾害管理中的权利和责任的规定是同步的。这些规定的要点在于,它们规定每个公民都有权获得社会保护和安全感。他们有权获得建立灾害管理的教育、培训和技能。此外,他们有权参与政策,获取有关防灾政策的信息。

实际影响

应对灾害的努力既不应是排他性的,也不应是片面的。灾害状况是一个复杂的状况,通常要求从不同的角度和经验做出整体的反应。它需要各个机构群体之间的有效团队合作。基本上,如果它由一个机构独家经营,它不会有效。印度尼西亚需要明确的灾害管理,并需要同步减灾法律,以尽量减少自然灾害的影响。

社会影响

为规范日惹的灾害管理而制定和适用的各种宪法法规尚不能发挥其作为有效整合机制的作用,因为法律尚未对社会中的生产过程进行最佳重新安排。灾害管理执行中确定的目标往往没有得到社会的合法化,还没有给予充分的正义感。日惹地震后的恢复是一个缓慢的过程。

原创性/价值

这是一项相对较新的研究,因为其他研究侧重于日惹地震的灾难性影响。灾害管理系统必须考虑并必须对可能由于社会、经济、政治、社区甚至宗教因素而产生的多样性、差异和竞争做出反应。这些差异通常会产生动态和复杂的关系。错误的处理方式可能会导致横向冲突。

更新日期:2021-06-10
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