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Facing racism and sexism in science by fighting against social implicit bias: a Latin and Black women perspective
Frontiers In Psychology ( IF 2.067 ) Pub Date : 2021-06-10 , DOI: 10.3389/fpsyg.2021.671481
Karin Costa Calaza, Fátima Cristina Smith Erthal, Mirtes Garcia Pereira, Kita Macario, Veronica Toste Daflon, Isabel A. David, Helena Carla Castro, Maria Domingues Vargas, Laura B Martins, Jasmin Stariolo, Eliane Volchan, Leticia Oliveira

The editors of several major journals have recently asserted the importance of combating racism and sexism in science. This is especially relevant now, as the COVID-19 pandemic may have led to a widening of the gender and racial/ethnicity gaps. Implicit bias is a crucial component in this fight. Negative stereotypes that are socially constructed in a given culture are frequently associated with implicit bias (which is unconscious or not perceived). In the present article, we point to scientific evidence that shows the presence of implicit bias in the academic community, which contributes to strongly damaging unconscious evaluations and judgments of individuals or groups. Additionally, we suggest several actions aimed at (1) editors and reviewers of scientific journals, (2) people in positions of power within funding agencies and research institutions and (3) members of selection committees to mitigate this effect. These recommendations are based on the experience of a group of Latin American scientists comprising Black and Latin women, teachers and undergraduate students who participate in a women in science working group at universities in the state of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. With this article, we hope to contribute to reflections, actions and the development of institutional policies that enable and consolidate diversity in science and reduce disparities based on gender and race/ethnicity.

中文翻译:

通过与社会隐性偏见作斗争来面对科学中的种族主义和性别歧视:拉丁裔和黑人女性的观点

几家主要期刊的编辑最近断言在科学中打击种族主义和性别歧视的重要性。这一点现在尤其重要,因为 COVID-19 大流行可能导致性别和种族/民族差距扩大。隐性偏见是这场斗争的关键组成部分。在特定文化中社会建构的负面刻板印象通常与隐性偏见(无意识或未察觉)有关。在本文中,我们指出科学证据表明学术界存在隐性偏见,这会严重破坏个人或群体的无意识评估和判断。此外,我们建议针对 (1) 科学期刊的编辑和审稿人采取一些行动,(2) 在资助机构和研究机构中担任权力职位的人,以及 (3) 遴选委员会的成员,以减轻这种影响。这些建议基于一组拉丁美洲科学家的经验,该小组由参与巴西里约热内卢州大学女性科学工作组的黑人和拉丁妇女、教师和本科生组成。通过这篇文章,我们希望为反思、行动和制度政策的制定做出贡献,以促进和巩固科学的多样性并减少基于性别和种族/民族的差异。参与巴西里约热内卢州大学女性科学工作组的教师和本科生。通过这篇文章,我们希望为反思、行动和制度政策的制定做出贡献,以促进和巩固科学的多样性并减少基于性别和种族/民族的差异。参与巴西里约热内卢州大学女性科学工作组的教师和本科生。通过这篇文章,我们希望为反思、行动和制度政策的制定做出贡献,以促进和巩固科学的多样性并减少基于性别和种族/民族的差异。
更新日期:2021-06-10
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