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Racing clean in a tainted world: A qualitative exploration of the experiences and views of clean elite distance runners on doping and anti-doping
Frontiers In Psychology ( IF 2.067 ) Pub Date : 2021-06-10 , DOI: 10.3389/fpsyg.2021.673087
Jake G Shelley, Sam N Thrower, Andrea Petroczi

Doping has been a prominent issue for the sport of athletics in recent years. The endurance disciplines, which currently account for 56% of the global anti-doping rule violations in athletics, appear to be particularly high risk for doping. Using this high-risk, high-pressure context, the main purpose of this study was to investigate the human impact of doping and anti-doping on ‘clean’ athletes. The secondary aim of the study was to better understand the reasons for, and barriers to, competing ‘clean’ among this group of athletes. Semi-structured interviews were conducted with eleven elite distance runners from the UK to explore: (1) the reasons and motivations for competing clean. (2) Perceptions of the anti-doping system, and experiences of being part of that system. (3) Views on the prevalence and causes of doping and the impact of doping on the lives of clean athletes. The interviews were audio-recorded, transcribed verbatim, and analysed using Reflexive Thematic Analysis. Four major themes were identified: (1) The participants in this study have not been tempted to use PEDs; they compete in their sport for the personal satisfaction of seeing how good they can be, rather than in pursuit of winning at all costs. (2) Anti-doping does not currently prevent doping effectively and is not implemented evenly across the globe. (3) Doping was perceived as a major issue and was felt to be borne out of certain sporting cultures in which doping is enabled. (4) Doping has impacted the careers of clean athletes in irreversible ways and presents a continuing challenge to the psychological preparation for competition. Clean athletes suffer negative consequences from both doping and anti-doping. Anti-Doping Organisations (ADOs) must collaborate across borders to ensure a more even implementation of anti-doping activities, to facilitate a more level playing field on the global stage. ADOs must also acknowledge the existence of a large group of athletes who would never consider deliberately doping and make anti-doping work for these athletes too.

中文翻译:

在污染的世界中保持干净的赛车:对干净的精英长跑运动员在兴奋剂和反兴奋剂问题上的经验和看法的定性探索

近年来,兴奋剂一直是田径运动的一个突出问题。目前占全球田径反兴奋剂违规行为的 56% 的耐力项目似乎是兴奋剂的高风险项目。使用这种高风险、高压的背景,本研究的主要目的是调查兴奋剂和反兴奋剂对“干净”运动员的人类影响。该研究的次要目的是更好地了解在这组运动员之间进行“干净”竞争的原因和障碍。对来自英国的 11 名精英长跑运动员进行了半结构化访谈,以探讨:(1)参加高程跑的原因和动机。(2) 对反兴奋剂系统的看法,以及成为该系统一部分的经验。(三)对兴奋剂流行情况和成因以及兴奋剂对清洁运动员生活影响的看法。访谈被录音,逐字转录,并使用反思主题分析进行分析。确定了四个主要主题:(1)本研究的参与者没有被诱惑使用 PED;他们在自己的运动中竞争是为了看到自己能有多出色的个人满足感,而不是不惜一切代价追求胜利。(2) 反兴奋剂目前并不能有效防止兴奋剂,而且在全球范围内也没有得到均匀实施。(3) 兴奋剂被认为是一个主要问题,并且被认为是在某些允许使用兴奋剂的体育文化中产生的。(4) 兴奋剂以不可逆转的方式影响了清洁运动员的职业生涯,并对比赛的心理准备提出了持续的挑战。干净的运动员会受到兴奋剂和反兴奋剂的负面影响。反兴奋剂组织 (ADO) 必须跨境合作,以确保更公平地实施反兴奋剂活动,以促进在全球舞台上更公平的竞争环境。ADO 还必须承认存在大量运动员,他们永远不会考虑故意使用兴奋剂,也不会为这些运动员实施反兴奋剂工作。
更新日期:2021-06-10
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